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Agitator, The (Newspaper) - June 3, 1858, Wellsboro, Pennsylvania T FIRM v V j a very and ent of AND FANCY GOODS md Provisions furnish them to customers at Prices in any other Market upon finding at times any all Goods Dress Goods lo every variety of trim well to call and examine the ing elsewhere t Co have always stock of Clothing lowest CASH PRICES ALSO Hardware and Wooden Oils Paints Stuffs of every the brst quality SHOES for Everybody Country taken in ex Tilt XD F Til the 3d Edition OR SEMINAL DIS scientific Treatise on the treat lire Nervous Debility Seminal Impotence acquired daring the jm In Manhood A val College of Surgeons of Enf of the Hall Author Green How to and Married highly valuable Treatise written i-d and Surgeon cure tor aill nd f abuse arid Is only publics in a benevolent spirit and i It should be in the hands of and health and happiness -1 stamps at the receipt Irre and well secured by Dr 1st L on Poi kc Manual of Practical Hor tu Cultivate Kitchen Vegeta and Ornamental Trees and an Exposition of the and and Manures of of Vegetable Life and author of How to Fowler Wells 308 in paper 30 cents ns or a square rod of ground t tins best of all garden man popular and d in style thai everybody convenient in form and size it i! in the pocket and so low in huvit while at the same lime it and perfectly reliable everything belonging to the hint trees how to the best to prune graft bad destroy vegetables and save only tells the reader what to do be done thus giving him a new The chapter on Flower ut tiie are wanting Adapt South as well as the a hundred tiroes its cost to le season PRO vision Building UT just received a new and slock of Pork Dried Beef Salt Dried Cor- Dates s and Pickles II and prices lo suit Ten and NUTS of all kinds ins and refined a country Grocery a- can be found in Tioga Co X to purchase will do well to call before purchasing elsewhere y DEALERS ft PER LEATHER HOOTS SHOES PORK Jf GROCERIES as the cheapest and Bailey's Store 1C building ly Select School I1 HI A It Term will commence T ose Kriday May hsh and French of School to furnish it to continue their y No Will be spared I 1 culture and to of Common Schools for the dii f Feb 25 Terms of Publication THE TIOGA COUNTY pnh Id every and mailed to sub nr of he sha have on the margin of the last paper h ty T nto reaching into increasing every neighborhood in the of many Illn ilie county and to those living wilhin Boils but hone most convenient may io an County Business Cards not exceeding 5 lines paper in- eluded per year 1 WHILE THERE BE A WRONG AMD UNTIL MAN'S INHUMANITY TO SHALL CEASE AGITATION MOST CONTINUE IV LITTLE For The Agitator W ILL IE lasl yen who received certificates earnest kind-hearted can answer all questions of practical im marked with moil than two two ek- arid women with a tact for leaching without in a LEV respectfully horoand thai he id and will manufacture to order irs oils of purchasing any K lo call and examine his I from the best I I done in a terms I 8 W RQ Albany Agricultural WorBS for the sale of their Among the a larket are P AT KM T HORSE nd Straight X cat Saws tor and Hickock I ills Dog Sheep Churn ned Threshers and Cleaners i Drills and Feed iping Mowing amine their Illustrated D st market price of Wheat f Pork Nov Replaced qualifications very under the new law operated lo drive leave it lo Mr D Bacon was in favor of reducing their friends the opposition o the new law in the time from six hours to half an hour He good part proceeded They had cause to be six questions in each branch would alarmed He said lhal the present system enough lo give the Superintendent a fair knowledge to successful had only to be fairly tried to become popular of the capabilities of candidates As had been offered BS an had become so wherever ii had been best Mr Vanduzen agreed with lhal six Ha aimed to pnt no puzzling questions to this class from Schools From them and teachers but on y such as were really ial Teachers should take rank as were more or less familiar with the practical In borne that he enlivened one who loved him u Everything seems very lonely now onr Willie t dead Yej and for a weary season gladness has gone out the rooms once resounded with his merry shout long weeks of pain ind anguish racked his mile frame Very soon to end his Death in merfy came bright Sabbath Willie was at play Ere another Sabbath sunset in his grave he layl A the seasons come and vanish o'er that little grave will sing and blossom and the tall grass wave But remember yo who him though the spot be fair you left his body resting is not No tint with bright spirits in n happy home Where no taint ft earthly sorrow evermore can come And ftr ami better Willie now will grow Thin children who remain below p Of the Co Teachers Institute SECOND DAY MR K WILDMAN in the Chair MORNING motion the words in County in Art 2 of Constitution were stricken out to admit diffidence excise 500 per cent below where to On Art 6 was so amended as lo ers dot be slow to take advantage of be of directors are more such a rule If teachers are to forgel cient lhan were three years ago They what they to have known yesterday begin to understand lhat good teachers can of what use is the knowledge lost so He teachers should be credited wilh jist amount of ava lable knowledge possessed The irue eaching in a f cases Mr Williams thought leachers had ho option in the matter of lime consumed by gave Satisfaction those employed they were of cases two get Certificates marked cheap or favorites with those in power in i he on an average of so far as he knew had districts Under the old system directors done well none lad been turned out Those could not prevent the swarming of these the in examinations That officer of the grade 3 arid 4 had a hard time of hordes of incompetent leachers the districts must be his own judge as to the of it generally HJ did not agree with Mr were isolated and refused in one they liMe called for lhat the Calkins in to qualifications fled to another Now all are but saris of speakers that teachers having a good lute accept llf a graduate conld not good one whole and the uniform edge of their business would not as a rule be of the Agitator to devote one of his book into Common Schools What had j f -i i i 1 1 tlm ri al I I I II i lion he would nat prove a succesful ard of qualification which had been loo much embarassed to reply Rates of Advertising Advertisements will be charged 81 per square o fourteen lines for one or three insertions and 25 cents for every subsequent insertion All menu of less tlian lines considered ax a equate The will be churned for Half-Yearly and yearly 3 months 6 12 8250 8450 DO 400 600 800 4 1500 3000 1800 30 OQ 4000 All advertisements not having Ibe number of in- marked upon them will be kept in until dered out and charged accordingly Posters Handbills all kinds of Jobbing done in country executed neatly nnd promptly Justices Consla and other BLANKS constantly on hand and lo order for advanced classes Men of long preferred it before all others No one could leach Kenyon except Prof Kenyan As for Tower he began at the ended where he begun I Mr Bailey had changed ID opinion what since hearing the matler discussed He members of the had an inch and they had taken an ell tule accept proposition made by the Editor they wish to introduce that monstrous NO XLIV upon Primary Education 9 AL M of Wednesday WEDNESDAY MOBNING MR WILDMAN in the Chair Mr Niles submitted the following He would weekly 10 the discussion of questions Adoption by colleges to do with it as a Com- pertaining to the educational policy of ibis imon Schools book He thought Kenyon as county or State good in every sense and would lurn out Unanimously adopted of his against any number Dr Pratt in behalf of the Democrat offered a column of that paper for the like ob- ject which was accepted without discussion The Mr Hickok then for leachers he would ask how much embarrassment should excuse the cane idate with the Superintendent carried out Mr here introduced several hours was long time fyr examinations the of Mr Kirkendall said gentleman would do well to remember lhal he himself laughl Brown's grammar in same school bin a He expressed year before when he about turning He did not either six or twelve hours delighted with manner of conducting out his against would be sufficient to enable He further urged that leachers ft r Bailey said he not only remembered Mr Hickok thought that would depend Co Superintendents were but of em of the candidates should strive to prepare themselves for the hat fact but he had not forgotten in what i proper discharge of duties devolving upon condition he the laughier amusing anecdotes illustrating his subject which were received with applause The much upon the nature of the people lo carry on the reform The work of If it arose from modesty every allowance driving out incompetent teachers going should be made Mr Reynolds ifi'ought it would be danger cu provide for a semi-annual of officers The the corresponding was and accepted On the President pro tern was ed to the for entire session On a of three was pointed by chair to prepare resolutions for the of the Institute as lows J B Niles H N Williams and J D Vandusen oh silently but certainly A per Six hours lo each candidate would be very cent in progress had been made and still we well but wilh a class of 10 teachers it would give only 36 minutes to each other One hundred questions per hour would be a small estimate giving the proper number to each of the six branches Then al least fifteen minutes would be lost in Three hours of oral examination would give but 10 minutes lo each teacher Mr Hart thought six hours sufficient time for teaching r L i r u Mr Bailey wilh the last speaker Co Supt since from ranks ol that and cheers not be hired at a small price So when in- competent teachers are refused we have a great complaint against the new system He had established a rule thai no rion for the Su was the present candidate should receive a whose lo ascertain qualifications of candidates available knowledge of the A lecture was from Mr Hickok upon the Co proficiency in would not He did not upon lo suggest the Amy Rockwell him lo an apprenticeship in a country proper number of but opined lhat it profession the musl be laken when system becomes perfected He a farewell blessing On motion Hon H C Hickok was ed an Honorary member of Institute Adjourned AFTERNOON SESSION Minutes of the morning session read and adopted Demonstrations in Arithmetic GREATEST COMMON Miss A discussion of the best mode of opening and duly friends of education in and conducting schools was entered into Mr Williams staled lhat he usually ed school by reading a of Scripture following a shori lecture upon some He recognized order as Heaven's first law and without system no sustaining him Mr H said tiat so far as the utility of office was concerned that was settled beyond ing office As to office of directors of the power was delegated to and rightly Their duties are arduous and often thankless yel Co Supt look much should nol be an fixed Proper allowance should be made for Few leachers could stand before Superintendent and remain as free from of the burden from their hands Sime as in He a peradventure That battle had been fought asked if teachers mighi prescribe exercises remembered t hit some of the loudest now suitable in their judgment to capacities against allowance for visibly of scholars Mr H thought teacher shoes before school could be profitably managed He opposed o he of had such discretion under favor o the Board ent laughter Six hours was not use rod when all reasonable means Common Schods From this class directors The had con- cient for a on part of and won Trus was no e op position from a certain class failed Mr Wildman agreed with the first speaker lhat school should be opened by reading a ed the great bulk of the petitions rushed jurisdiction wilh directors in Legislature last winter The people had books a right to aslt tow their money was Y Mr Reynolds How do you understand TRUE Augusta Orvis Beach B Niles SQUARE E Kirkendall LEAST COMMON D duzen BEST METHOD OF CALCULATING INTER- REASON OF THE RULES OF ALLIGATION Walbridge These demonstrations were characterized the Superintendent as lo tact and by great clearness and elicited general of Scripture followed by They are the source of all the law in regard to keeping schools open on lo be at the option of the teacher for public purposes As one This might lead children lo the knowledge of of he officers 10 could new moral truths As lo the conduct of schools he would suggest a short lecture touching relations existing between er and pupil He was no advocate of many rules of order for the government of The lewer laws the belter Place confidence in pupils teach them lo be men and men and thus them through er faculties All necessary rules be strictly enforced Offenders should he ly reproved and if rod was called in il should not be in the presence of school and than only at he lasl pinch He was in favor classification of studies and order He was not in favor of pouring in process It was better to develop the self reliance of the pupil Mr Emery presumed that the object in placing him on the Jist of speakers was to learn how schools were conducted twenty years agn It was wisdom to learn of He had not taught for many years than a private school in which he had so successful as lo induce a steady in that money expended under the present law was expended The Stale had expended during last 20 years for School purposes How had it been expended That Schools were necessary all nearly all The question is how can the evils of tem best be cured The Legislature had ken the matter in hand and had furnished a framework for the of a noble thought that officer could make up his judg meat in half an hour meant to flatter It was too large to be true Dr Webb nought the question of time I am utterly opposed to should be left to the Superintendent He Saturdays 1 Mr Hickok keeping schools open on Saturdays Of course the wishes of the majority of patrons musl be prudently deferred to in such matters You may hire a man to chop split rails or mow from Monday morning until Saturday night but you cannot keep little children hard at brain labor six consecutive days with either reason or profit Education does not consist in intellectual culture only but in physical and moral as well The aw does best in the Republic Means to not define the of a teacher's carry out the were needed Under the old system he school houses were not fit to receive the children of white peop Heretofore money appropriated to school purposes had been no belter lhan thrown away It was squandered by defaulting cers or expended upon improvements not con- but leaves it to discretion pf So many improvements were i made not ex- pressly provided for by law and township associations were of this class of of healthy progress and legitimate of the system Mr Should directors receive a by ire law Under old system stated sum for their the schools were often hotbeds of vice ani were in such a Mr Hickok I would not at present alter or amend present law The directors can spend but one day with each class of leachers Six hours was deemed a proper time for pupils and teachers in schools and was governed by the same rule From the responses to the more im- portant questions in the several branches taught he could form a fair judgment of claims of teachers to certificates He thought six hour's time enough except for class certificates Certificates of lower grades could be given after a six hours ordeal Mr Riiter said was unanimity of opinion so far prevailing among previous speakers He was willing lo abide by pleasure of Mr Walbridge said he had taught during ten years and had been examined by Justices of Doctors Ministers and Tom D ck and Harry He had been Jet off with one hour and had been bored for three hours Seminaries required at least a proval of ten minutes Mrs was elected Treasurer pro tern The Institute then listened to an oration by F D Ritter It was a highly creditable production R C Bailey read a very excellent essay upon Education A motion to amend the Constitution was lost Mr Vanduzen and Misses Beach and i Rockwell were made a Committee to report permanent officers for Institute Messrs Niles Williams Kirkendall ter and Bailey were made a Committee lo report resolutions The voted lo close ils labors on Thursday night adjourned until P M EVENING SESSION The minutes of the afternoon session i were read and approved The board of Counsel reported io favor of Mr Kirkendall just so And somebody will remember in whal condition man lefl laughter He when a pupil understood how lo rend that was grammar enough None but good grammarians could be good readers Miss Beach said she was not prepared to discuss resolution but would say tai these frequent changes did not in her ment tend to improve either the lemper of parents or the knowledge of pupils Dr said grammar was a plum common sense science When an author only displays research in coining new words he had Imie claim to preference He lhat grammar the best which taught ilw science of language in plainest manner Mr Reynolds was willing to leave ers lo selile this question as suited them It was all lie would not advise teachers low on certificates to try to leach grammar nr if they did to make use of the simplest work which was He liked all kinds of grammars and a good leacher would make a good grammar out of nny one in use He preferred in many before all Browa did noi give definitions Tower laught by inducing Brawn piled form upon form It looked like retrograding to adopt Biown The resolution was adopted Mr H W read an essay before ihn On a copy was re- quested for publication Adjourned Ma E in the Chair of last day's session read and proved Report of on nomination of cers by Vanduzen as E Kirkendall v VICK C Bailey M F Morgan Harl D L Vanduzen Guy thai when he was called upon the have great responsibilities to sustain bui to examine teachers Can the Super honorable He nought a require less He nol duties of State he recoiled from the task But things were different now crease laughter His old-time mode of The new law the obstacles to pro ia salary to the office might work cor- A person of a mind required throwing office inlo the hands more lime lo digest properly answer opening school was first to become ed wild the capacities of his pupils aad peculiarities of character also He in the good old days of rewards and merits and thought gress and has already with but four years of politicians and the would ihen one trial lifted our schools up to a proud Pos The only worn er was lhat it had not brought them much nearer Complaints be the creatures of men grind Mr Chapman Is it legal for directors to who had axes to did noi seem long enough for a ough i Mr Cady would the time optional Mansfield as the place for holding session of the Adopted after a sharp debate j The following resolution was submitted for discussion Resolved That in the resolution relating to text books stricken out and word Brown Mr Hart was io favor of the resolution A M Simpson D W Brown E Pills RECORDING D Vanduzen COR E K Reynolds Miss Maria Miss M P Emery H C Veil A E Rockwell Kale Morris Mary Bowen J B Cady Nancy Potter Morgan Hart N L A J O A Smith Rebecca Tale Mari- was a minor work having for ils ui anu r ji L it proper to excite the in from every quarter but in spile ol break up old districts and consolidate in wilh me Superintendent but hours recommendation its right emulation of pupils either bv rewards or Was gradually winning one long enough There should be some lem of analyzation It showed little research credit marks Were leach now he of ha It was based upon Mr Hickok The law vests lhat ance made for He was Brown's is remarkable for its would school formally severe the whole ary power in the It is almost an lhal persons be so diffident as lo nnd perfectness It had been adopted by earnestly and Would ad- er ihlo the hands of the people Wilh di- absolute power yel in a very fail in simp est questions He case every college in America t cost iis E C Maria Rathbone J E Peters Benj Dorrance The following orators and essayists were reported by the Misses E L E Beach L A Smith S M Locke L Fish M P Emery lo do could be done at of power is that power in the of tie people in point in which the best scholar in a class author years of patient labor for Mrs N L Reynolds Mrs W F Richards conscientiously He preferred the Then is no autocratic power al Har Mr Calkins What should be with in Algebra failed utterly o zian mode ol teaching As to and pupils using profane or indecent language in fewer he better Confidence in pupils would The ib he of gain respect from them for the teacher He as the directors are the Of Bourse the school room 1 Mr I would reprimand for Mr Reynolds asked to hear male teachers HB considered six hours sufficient There were which all for dollars and cents bul as a to language He would vote for Mr Bacon was in favor of Brown's o i i 111 ju i i j league i iij c had heard of a successful leacher who always a perfect organization cannot be had wilhout offence If lhal proved insufficient would extract practical knowledge of a grammar for Common Schools Tower was a head in the State Like the Judiciary it must be perfect from top lo bottom Strike eld his pupils incapable of doing wilful wrong There was a chord which it was lo touch io ensure obedience The following resolution was then read p i duly o perform ihai an examination hours K J v offender should be from ne school Profane language should class in a very short space of time If an examination wus any tesl an hour was Qui a link of Uie chain and you destroy the not ibe ol the io lhal test In efficacy of system written and three Oral is nol 10 properly Furm a correct opinion of a Mr Hickok said he was not a little en- at the independence evinced on part of the teacher's County m of this resolution 11 the submission was in It snowed great progress confidence c ls necessary to ensure success in A good leacher would of course fear an examination of 6 lours duration as little of half that period of Still he c e teachers would not y through a longer ordeal than Each officer has his The system ends to place teaching in the front rank of sions It was formed with a higher view nd cents Adjourned SESSION Mr What is the bound of teacher's jurisdiction 1 Mr That is a question The general rule however is lhat when the nations he gave full three hours leacher He would like to make some ance for in female But the precedent would be dangerous Each il on failure He believed a too and Kenyon loo abstruse Brown's was of Mr Niles had never used other lhan grammar and was not prepared to choose between Tower and Brown He his constant meddling with text books Messrs M Hart A Cloos E Wildman S E Kirkendall W W Webb G Snover A J Spencer Dr Pratt On motion of Mr Emery Institute re- quested a copy of each and essay read or lo be read before the present session of the lo be furnished for tion On motion Dr Pratt was requested lo form Institute into a class and lo drill them in Geography Gave his method of in a lucid manner He was pupil steps from the paternal he proper degree of to be passes from the of parent in- cial because excitement quickened the R R his plan the of the There wou d be some tion of mind He had a of rec iKin mi t Irt nmmAndn rt I- la rules o accompanying his difficulty in carrying this rule into effect ip of principals of high schools ement lucid in a leacher would recommend his ose followed wilh an was rule lo be hy sort was for hls ln ol simple ose followed wilh an a the best met he d leaching accompanied wilh very clear upon the blackboard Hon H C Hickok being called for took the floor Mr H If were any difficulties It was the Fruitful leaching bling among parents who were enough lowed by Miss Beach Miss Rockwell M P already Hev did not favor these vain Emery Dr Webb and Mrs I It was of whom expressed themselves with greal brevity and clearness The following Resolution was then dis- was the proper rule lo be adopted by ers and parents There could be no so extending of the teacher Adjourned lo o'clock p m SESSION i tempts at in impracticable Mr Williams agreed with touching their meddling wilh books He preferred Kenyon in mo logy Brown in Prosody As a text book he certainly pre- ferred Brown before Tower terest so Teachers must be content to rest Upon their own merits Key no ds thought if longer time was would be necessary to get a law passed Superintendents from the discuss the resolution in all ils bearings He cussed at length Resolved That female teachers are amply compensated Mr Kirkendall thought that female teachers Mr Rogers said he was little were amply compensated They were not with Tower's grammar therefore could not The discussion of question touching the eating and sleeping She thought The object of examinations was or touching the of time proper io be consumed in ex some allowance should be candidates but only to of the Law among directors s availability of their practical leachers in Tioga he hoped none tale to intern pt him at any wilh Calkins said that if the Superintend lions relating thereto Under the old system or animations by the Co Supi was resumed Mr Niles thought six for Mr Hickok agreed with Drr practical a teacher to six hours was lime enough lor certificates of regarded Brown's grammar superior lo all Il contained all that was necessary to be known the science of the English language Mr Spencer preferred Brown very deci- 4 certificate or to refuse one tie could see a lower grade and not long enough for first dedly HB had Tower a thorough could improve the capacity of the teacher was no uniform mode of conducting ro utility io changing the present custom class certificates In written examinations y a longer examination so be it but if ha Common School mailers j the masses beep as yei proposed Superintendent could ascertain the desired available amount a athelic good were not always He thought would of practical knowledge of candidates in six knowledge possessed by the nor when sought Teachers in answering questions with be had hours In some was it was not necessary then as a class were fit for almost anything rendered himself familiar but wilh all the favorable ill that in ten minutes often He could else than their vocation Sometimes a col- he should be laken into considers stances usually attendant on such occasions earn more of the fitness of a lege graduate came and to raise the on the of course to decide littre allowance should be made for il Good naif an hour's visit to his or her school to teach As a general fpr himself in how much failure was in any other way lie had known such parsons were as poor timber for teachers Uble to diffidence best leachers to be most timid and as could wel be got at Their in Mr Kirkendall agreed with the ast an Graduates of C allege were not such as to render them cf in regard to lime be employed could not pass a good in branches Often not ascertain qualifications of a Jhe lost heller than Brown but reaches teachers could stand the test The standard same result by rendering the student familiar of leachers would be raised 50 per cent per With the drift sentence by a shorter year but first class teachers would route He had heard the Cn Supt remark that students in than those in Tower He Brown capable of doing so much or cally as males Therefore they should not receive as much wages There were some exceptions but as a rule they could noi gnv ern larije schools as well as males Females received asked If they could do as much work their wages should be Mr Hart said that females should be jwell rial and found il wonting in many well as any leachers that is if defective The best accrued of Brown fpr Tower as he could testify Elliott decidedly favored Brown as a good leachers and paying a fair price text book for Schools Tower analyzed for services Mr Bailey snid he could not say upon which side nl the last speaker lo be He thought for one lhat the of fhe certificate should govern the was an lo say that males nol govern schools as well as could perform as much labor In his muni there were many teachers overpaid male and He WHS for employing Mr tL U thon read mar and preferred it for at well as her sex in the The question Put the ft Wished
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