India and Pakistan Separate, Aug. 14-15, 1947
On Aug. 14, 1947, as colonial power England withdrew, India was partitioned into the independent countries of India and Pakistan in a move intended to limit discord between Moslem and Hindu citizens of the subcontinent.
“In a ceremony lasting less than 15 minutes, Great Britain wielded its 200-year rule of India today, and the new nation of Pakistan was born,” read an Aug. 14, 1947, article in The Amarillo Globe of Amarillo, Texas.
“Viscount Mountbatten, until today the viceroy of all India, cut the reins on the subcontinent of 350,000,000 persons and let it divide into the Moslem Dominion of Pakistan and the Hindu Dominion of India.”
Read more about the partition of India
An Aug. 15, 1947, editorial in the Winnipeg Free Press of Winnipeg, Manitoba, considers the historic opportunities and challenges for the new states. As Independence Begins
A Sept. 14, 1947, article in the Portland Press Herald of Portland, Maine, reviews sectarian tension in the first month of independence. Religious Hatred Outweighs Patriotism in India