U.S. Atomic Bomb Devastates Hiroshima, Aug. 6, 1945
On Aug. 6, 1945, the U.S. bomber Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, killing an estimated 100,000 to 150,000 people. The Hiroshima bomb and that dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, on Aug. 9, were intended to expedite the surrender of Japan and the end of World War II in the Pacific. The bombings comprise the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
An Aug. 8, 1945, column in the Dixon Evening Telegraph of Dixon, Ill., considers the implications of warfare in the atomic age.
“It is with vast pride in an epochal discovery, but in no spirit of exultation, that we learn from our own authorities that 60 per cent of the great city of Hiroshima was wiped out by the single atomic bomb dropped on it, and from Japanese spokesmen that virtually all living things in this industrial and military center were ‘literally scared to death.’
“Exclusive possession of the atomic bomb has placed the United States and its allies in the peculiar position of being able to destroy Japan almost at will. Yet I venture to say that most allied folk are hoping that the Tokyo government will show reason and surrender so as to remove the necessity of such terrible retribution.”
Read more about the World War II defeat of Japan
An Aug. 10, 1945, article in The Troy Record of Troy, N.Y., describes the devastation from the Aug. 9 bombing of Nagasaki, Japan. Atom-Bombed City Hidden by Dust Blanket
A roundup of newspaper responses to the Aug. 15 Japanese surrender appeared in the Aug. 17, 1945, issue of The Bee of Danville, Va. Editors Find Hirohito’s ... Surrender Distorted...