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Waterloo Courier Cedar Falls (Newspaper) - October 11, 1991, Waterloo, Iowa FRIDAY OCTOBER UP AND Sixth season opens at dog Inspector says city jail can Save money with home delivery Vigil at UNI for sick Waterloo Copyright 1991 Waterloo Courier Inc Business leaders expect subpar Congressional ambulance going Cedar Falls Braves Avery ties FIRST COLUMN Thomas Hill may harbor separate truths By GILBERT A LEWTHWAITE The Baltimore Sun WASHINGTON Millions of television viewers joined members of the Senate Judiciary committee today in judging the perceived honesty or lack of it of Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas and Anita Hill the woman who says he sexually harassed her on the job It will be a straight call on credibility And according to two of the nation's leading authorities on psychological it will not be an easy judgment they could both believe they are telling the truth They could both believe what they are saying although the testimony of each will contradict the other said the psychologists This would explain the apparent conviction and composure their porters expect of the major figures in this dramatic confrontation The two psychologists who advanced this ry Paul Ekman professor of psychology at the University of California Medical School San Francisco and head of the university's Human Interaction Laboratory whose research is ed by an award from the National Institute of Mental Health He is author of two books on lying Telling Clues to Deceit in the place Politics and and Why Kids Lie Maureen O'Sullivan professor of at the University of and with Ekman of a paper Who Can Catch a for the September issue of the American Psychological Association's al magazine American Psychologist According to the two experts it is possible that either Thomas has repressed some events ly out of his mind or that Hill has created a reality out of her imagination My definition of a lie is where one person by choice misleads said Ekman If you think you are telling the truth you are not lying You don't know you are committing a lie I strongly suspect that is what is happening in this case Given the positions of the two witnesses in the confrontation and the stakes involved for each he said it is unlikely either would knowingly lie before Congress What is much more likely is that one of them has over time developed a belief of what occurred that is wrong I of course don't know which one My bet is both of them believe they are telling the truth about what happened life is like said Ekman But another leading authority on credibility David Raskin professor of psychology at the Uni- versity of Utah Salt Lake City questioned the ory saying These are not things that would be repressed or imagined Ekman said viewers should not put too much stock in what they see I warn people about making their judgment on demeanor on what they do with their hands or their voices If what I am saying is true then there is no way demeanor will give you said Ekman O'Sullivan noted both Thomas and Hill were professionally trained in controlling themselves There would probably be little non-verbal age physical signs of discomfort possibly indicating dishonesty from either of them But Raskin contended the stuff leaks People are not as controlled as they think they are Among the sometimes signs of possible averting the eyes from a questioner es in vocal pitch narrow arching of the eyebrows furrowing the brow lips pulled back into a mace and inappropriate reactions such as a smile that does not fit the situation Ekman who credits himself with 80 percent accuracy in telling who is lying said of the two major Senate I don't know that I am going to have much chance of making a See WEATHER Saturday Partly sunny High 50s Low 40s Details on A2 Daily -8 -7 expansion will replace two Waterloo stores By ED ADCOCK Courier Staff Writer and PAT KINNEY Courier Assistant City Editor Food Stores will build two new stores in Waterloo planned to be more than twice the size of existing stores they are replacing Construction will likely begin in the spring near stores at Crossroads Shopping Center and 3808 University Ave The company announced the projects this morning at a press ence The new stores represent an investment of about million said Chuck Robertson vice president for its eastern region The new stores will be near the Crossroads Mart store on Flammang Drive and on the site of the Starlite Drive-in 4000 University Ave The Starlite which has been in existence since 1947 will be demolished The store annexed to Kmart on University Avenue will move to the new site to the west Construction of both stores will begin in the spring and take about 10 to 12 months to complete Vee officials said The investment shows Vee's confidence in the Cedar Falls and Waterloo Robertson said It's a good ket for us We see it as a growing market We're real pleased to be here We have confidence to invest another 14 million Dennis Ausenhus vice dent of real estate for said would lease the new Crossroads store from Gerald Schoenfelder the Scottsdale Ariz developer of Crossroads Center who would develop the Crossroads store would own and develop the new sity Avenue store calls the new locations combo stores or combination stores signifying the addition of a pharmacy to a supermarket Both stores will also contain new fresh departments and more or general merchandise the company reported The stores offer shoppers more of what they're asking more fresh and prepared foods and more services under one said Robertson The updated concept will be similar to Cedar Falls store at College Square which was expanded last year The existing two stores were opened in the The new stores will cover about square feet compared with square feet for the Crossroads store and square feet for the sity Avenue store will need another 300 employees when the new stores are operating with about 80 of those full-time positions The two stores they will be replacing employ 293 people In addition the development will create work in the construction industry Ausenhus said Besides pharmacies the new stores will expanded deli produce and frozen food sections salad bars fresh pizza section Chinese take-out food See Thomas accuser states her case WASHINGTON AP Anita Hill testified today that she was embarrassed and ed by unwanted sexually explicit comments by Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas a decade ago Thomas cally denied that he sexually harassed Hill and told a tense Senate hearing no job is worth what I've been through The accuser and the accused appeared separately before a nationally broadcast Senate ciary Committee hearing Both took an oath to tell the truth and their stories were dramatically different The explosive charges first made public on the eve of the Senate's vote on Thomas nation have seriously under- mined his chances of joining the nation's highest court President Bush said at the White House he was standing by Thomas and predicted that the judge will get his good name back On the eve of the hearing a second witness Angela Wright came forward with new tions of unwelcome advances against Thomas She like Hill worked with Thomas as the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Hill testified that Thomas repeatedly would use work ations to discuss sex She said Thomas described pornographic films he had seen including films showing group sex and rape and Anita Hill Clarence Thomas Angela Wright bestiality several occasions Thomas told me graphically about his own sexual she said Testifying first Thomas calmly but firmly denied her charges and complained of the ing ordeal he was experiencing Enough is enough I am not going to allow myself to be ther humiliated to be confirmed He said he would be comfortable remaining in his job as a federal appeals court judge I have been wracking my brains and eating my insides out trying to think of what I could have said or done to Anita Hill to lead her to allege that I was inter- ested in her in more than a way and that I talked with her about pornographic or X-rated Thomas testified He said I cannot imagine anything that I said or did to Anita Hill that could have been mistaken for sexual harassment Yet Thomas said that if she con- strued any of his comments in that way I am so very sorry and I wish I had known If I had I would have stopped ly Under the glare of television lights both Hill and Thomas spoke in clear measured voices Thomas portrayed himself as a victim of unfounded charges much as Hill has portrayed self as a victim of sexual ment Following Thomas to the ness stand in the Senate Caucus Room Hill testified in explicit detail about her charges Hill now a law professor at the University of Oklahoma said Thomas began asking her for dates three months after she went to work for him at the Education Department a decade ago Hill testified that she turned him down believing it would be See THOMAS A8 Los Angeles Times Here are the major points of 13 Anita Hill has told the FBI that Judge Clarence Thomas sexually harassed her between 1981 and 1983 when she worked for him first as special counsel at the Department of Education and then as his cial assistant at the Equal Employment Opportunity Com- mission In an Oct 9 affidavit Thomas totally and unequivocally denied the charge saying these allegations are untrue Si Hill says that Thomas began asking her for dates shortly after she first went to work for him Thomas has denied ever asking her put according to two GOP tors But National Public Radio says sources tell it that Thomas told the FBI he did ask Hill to go out with him but that he dropped the matter after she declined Hill says that when she left the EEOC in 1983 Thomas warned her that her career would be ruined if she ever publicly disclosed his behavior toward her Thomas has not respondeo directly to this charge a TELEPHONE Thomas supporters have excerpts from telephone message logs taken by his EEOC secretary They show that Hill called Thomas office 10 times between January 1984 and August 1987 There also is an 11th message dated Nov in which Hill apparently called to follow up on a speaking invitation issued to Thomas by others at the University of Oklahoma Thomas allies say it seems inconsistent for a woman allegedly harassed by Thomas to continue calling him A Jan entry just called to say hello Sorry she didn't get to see you last week Another on Aug 4 in town til wanted to congratulate you on riage Hill told The Washington Post that the logs were and denied that she initiated any phone calls to Thomas If there are messages to him from me these are attempts to return phone she said I never called him to say hello I found out about his marriage through a third party i never called to congratulate him Sexual harassment no stranger to metro area By ANN LANGEL Courier Staff Writer A woman's allegations of sex- ual harassment by Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas brings back vivid memories to Miriam Tyson of Waterloo I had a job interview where they asked me a question and when I answered it the person on the other side came back at me with a sexist remark and I did report Tyson said I was really shaken Tyson president of the Com- Workers of America local 7108 said the remark was just one form of sexual ment She said the interviewer asked her how she handled stress and Tyson replied that she enjoyed walking and getting a massage to ease tension and the interviewer said something to the effect of I would like a young woman to massage me too I was smoking I was so mad Tyson said Miriam Tyson Lybbert The sexual harassment issue has come to the forefront and is making people reflect on their education and work experiences in the wake of allegations by Anita Hill a University of homa law professor that Thomas kept asking her for dates and then described pornographic movies to her The public hearing about the alleged harassment begins today I feel sorry for both of Tyson said of Hill and Thomas And it's also too bad that once a woman makes a complaint she's labeled a terrible person What this is going to do is set the tone in workplaces that have not paid attention to it I don't think it's something that people will over- look anymore Hill didn't report the alleged incidents which occurred 10 years ago when she worked for Thomas in the Department of Education and later at the Equal Employment Opportunity Com- mission Sometimes it takes years and years for people to really deal with the fact and come clean with Tyson said In her position she travels and Tyson said no matter where you go sexual harassment is there She said there have been no harassment complaints that she has had to handle as a union Normally complaints are handled through managers She said she thinks people will think twice about how they con- duct themselves in the workplace And it's more than gender it's race and culture too All of us are different and we bring our diversity to the place but when you take one's dignity away you're in she said Judge Lybbert who recently entered a decision in a sexual harassment case that pitted a man against his female sor said people have to realize what is sexual harassment and what isn't There's been a lot of loose talk in the media and elsewhere about sexual harassment without any understanding of what the standards are in order to tute Lybbert said He explained that legally there are only two kinds of sexual harassment in which a person can make a case The first is when a person in authority makes it known that he or she would like to have sex with the subordinate and things will go well for the subordinate if he or she participates and they won't go well if they don't ipate The other is the hostile work environment where the ment is continuous and pervasive where the man or woman is made to feel they're unwanted and if they stick around they will have to put up with this kind of ment Lybbert said Lybbert said the Iowa Human Rights statute says that a comr plaint has to be made within six months of the last act In the case that Lybbert ed recently he issued a ruling rejecting Dennis Hodges claim that he was harassed by his super- visor Sue Alger at Twin Cities Plasma blood center Hodges had claimed he deserved compensation because he was subjected to harassment that made him leave his job bert found in favor of Alger An independent scholar who has written a handbook on the issue of sexual harassment said the case strates how sexual harassment can happen in every part of the See Bush vetoes jobless pay extension WASHINGTON AP President Bush today vetoed a billion that would have provided up to 20 additional weeks of unemployment fits The administration has con- tended that the measure is unnecessary because the sion is over even though Bush in recent days has expressed new concerns about the pace of the recovery Bush vetoed the in the presence of Senate Republican Leader Bob Dole of Kansas House Republican Leader Bob Michel of Illinois and Labor Secretary Lynn Martin Spokesman Martin Fitzwater said Bush invited the congres- leaders to the White House to discuss prospects of getting a less-expensive measure through Congress Dole has proposed a that would extend unemployment benefits for up to 10 weeks at a cost of about billion In the past the Senate has rejected such an approach Currently unemployment benefits expire after 26 weeks Although Congress passed the extension by large margins the Senate vote was two shy of that needed to override a presidential veto The Senate passed the 65 to 35 The House passed the measure To override a veto two-thirds votes are required in both the House and the Senate
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