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Washington Post, The (Newspaper) - August 1, 1920, Washington, District Of Columbia Member of tfco Pren Is exclusively entitled to tbe of alt credited to it or not credited a piper and atoo the local news The Post U a member of the receiving the compute at the greatest NO. DAILY AND SUNDAY ENTERED AS D. o. AUGUST 1, 1920. BOft quite so row GRANTS RAILWAYS IN RA OFFSET WAGE ADVANCE ines and Railways EAST IS HARDEST HIT New Tariffs Go Into Effect on Five FOR SOUTHERN ROADS Advanced About One- Passenger and Milk Rates and Pullman Charges Spend Part of New Revenue on Commissioners Say Eastman's Desire for Continued Operation of Roads by S. the Associated Authority for the railroads of the country to Increase their revenues approximately one billion and a half dollars was granted yesterday by the Interstate Commerce Commission Freight rates will be advanced about passenger fares one fifth and Pullman charges one half Steamship Lines Coastwise and inland steamship Whes and electric railway companies also were granted permission to in- crease their rates in proper tion to the increases granted to the railroads serving the same territory estimate of the aggregate amount to result from these advances has been The new which are to con in force until March 1, 1922) will become effective upon five notice by the carriers to the com- mission and the public and they must be in operation before January 1 Since the government RATE DECISION IN BRIEF in- from crease on freight from increase on passenger from increase on Pullman increased excess baggage Eastern roads proximately Western Southern Per capita tax on increased freight charges alone is 912 a year for every woman and child in the Freight rates advanced one- passenger and milk rates Pullman charges Freight rates advanced in 40 per in 25 per in 35 per Rocky 25 per cent. Total valuation of railroads as estimated by the commission and over which increases as by the New rates effective till March 1, 1922. Always sub- ject roads received approximately 14 per cent less they had requested In connection with the increase for the Southern roads the commission said that the financial condition of those carriers was more favorable than that of the lines in either of the other groups In view of this tion the commission held that they were better able to meet the demands upon them than some of the other companies and therefore did not quire as large an increase Must Better The increases here authorized said the d to yield the additional one-half of 1 per cent of the aggregate value of the to make provisions for and equipment chargeable to capital account The e record leaves no doubt as to the needs L. the country for additional expires September 1. the I portation All carriers expected to bend every effort to put the advances in effect by that date Offset Wage Increases granted by the sion are designed to offset the participating in the increases will he expected make appropriations for additional or equipment of a character able to capital account and to make report to us semiannually showing what portion of the increased nues resulting from the increases here 000 wage advance by the authorized has been devoted to that railroad labor board and to provide the 6 per cent net income on the gregate value of the railroad ties as permitted under tbe specifically that they needed at least 100 000 freight cars art Tie aggregate value of 2 and 3-000 passenger purpose This one-half of 1 per cent will proximate The sion said that the carriers had stated all the railroads estimated commission at Jig 900 000 000 as against a. book value ot 000 given by the carriers The 20 per cent increase in passenger fates excels charges ana transportation rates and the 30 prr i ent surcharge on Pullman fares authorized bv the commission will be general the country over freight late increases will vary according to territory with 40 per cent in the per cent in the South 3i pet cent in is from the Mississippi River to the Rocky -j per cent in the mountain Pa the cast of the Rockies to the Pacific not including Maaka Calls Advances The commission in its 36 page de- cis on made no attempt to compute amount of increased revenues the c irr era would receive by reason ot the rate advances It did say how ever that the increases were fied in view of rapidly changing conditions to prices and the providing adequate trans- facilities during and after the period of readjustment From figures submitted to the com- mission by the carriers when their applications for the increases were it was officially estimated that the apportionment of the advances work at about on on 000 on pullman on and excess baggage Billion for Eastern On the same the ern roads would get the greater part the total receiving proximately 930.000 as compared with the Western Including in the Pacific and for the Southern carriers The Increased charges on freight alone were estimated as equaling a levy of per capita per annum for every woman and child In the basing the nation's tion at tor recently made by the census The in man and baggage rates were those asked by the the eastern 11.01 for the Western and the the total estimated to The roads thus were granted of 1 more than they roads but coaches These are to be paid for out of this fund and out moneys ad by the commission and rowed by the carriers The commission went at some length into the qu stion of aggregate values of the roads as well as their financial and said Statement by e conclude that increases as in- next below may be made by all steam railroads subject to our jurisdiction serving the territory em braced in the groups hereinafter 1 All passenger fares and charges may be increased 20 per cent The term passenger fares may be con to include standard and interline fares excursion convention and other fares for special occasions commutation and other multiple forms of tickets extra fares on limited trains and club car charges 2 Excess baggage rates may be increased 20 per cent provided that where stated as a percentage of or dependent upon passenger fares the increase in the latter cally effect the increase in the excess baggage charges A surcharge upon passengers In sleeping and parlor cars may made amounting to 50 per cent of the charge for space in such cars such charge to be collected in connection with the charge for and to accrue tg the rail carriers SO Per Cent More on 4 Milk and cream are carried in passenger trains and the revenue therefrom is not included in freight revenue Rates on these com- may be increased 20 per cent The conclusions of the commission as to general freight increases was stated as follows are of the opinion and that the following percentage increases in the charges for freight in- switching and special ices together with the other increases approved would under present result in rates not unreasonable in the aggregate under section 1 the transportation act and would enable the carriers in the respective under cient and economical and reasonable expenditures for tenance of structures and to earn an aggregate annual railway operating Income as nearly may to a return of per cent. Upon the aggregate value for the of this proceeding ot railway property of such carriers held used In the service of trans- portation and one-half of 1 per cent in 46 per Southern 93 per Western so per and II per to the was summed up as follows i of factors with which we are dealing are constantly It is Impossible to forecast with any degree of certainty what ume of will The general level Is changing from month to from V practicable at time to adjust all oi on Individual The rates to be established on the basis heretofore approved must necessarily be subject to such as the fact may It is conceded by the carriers that readjustments will be It is expected that will take these matters up in the first instance with the and the latter will be expected to deal promptly and effectively to the end that necessary readjustments may be made in as many instances as practicable without appeal to V. S. Government operation of the roads was brought into the rate case by Commissioner in an in which Commissioner Woolley disapproved the method used by the commission in arriving at its Eastman's that he Unta this case large political of governmental policy which are nowhere in issue here Commissioner Eastman expressed regret that Federal control of the roads was not permitted to continue at least until after the readjustment Statment by It was my he Federal control might be because it was evident that the tion back to private operation would create additional disturbance in a time of unsettlement and that existing railroad facilities could be made to do work and meet more nearly the transportation needs of the country under unified control than under the control of many rate that the additional facilities which are so greatly needed could now be provided Jnore easily and more economically by public than by private capital and that ances resulting Irom both rate in- crease and labor difficulties could be reduced to a minimum if the ment retained direct responsibility for the roads Commissioner in his said CONTINUED ON SECOND PAGE MINERS IN 2 STATES ORDERED TO RETURN m Farrington Declares President's Message Is Victory for TO GET ADJUSTMENT Resume Work in Illinois ana In- diana Fields at to Call July 31 the Associated waiting for the order of International dent Tolm L. Lewis to reach any of the striking miners in State President Frank this afternoon steped in- with a command of his ordering them all tb re- turn to work Monday The strike ends a great tory for miners said dent Farrington pledge of ident that a scale committee be caled and wage inequalities ad- the demands Word that the strike was to be ended was dispatched by President Farrington Secretary of Labor Wilson The telegram Continuing our and ing in good faith President Wilson's announced pledge that he would con- vene miners and operators in Joint wage Scale conference as soon as mining operations are I am today issuing telegraphic instructions to the president of every local union in Illinois instructing them to notify their members to return to work day morning or as soon as thereafter Railroads brought down to a day's of coal have annulled nearly 11 freight trains through and also have in prospect curtailment of passenger service This strike has brought a new record of coal age to Illinois liewis Telegraphs Indianapolis Ind July mine workers in Indiana and Illinois today were ordered back to work by President John L of the United Mine Workers of America In a tele- gram directed to every local union in the affected he instructed immediate meetings be called and steps taken to get the men back to work The telegrams directing the men to return to work were sent out from national headquarters of the this morning In his message to the local Lewis repeated the telegram he re- night from President son insisting that the miners return to work and thus demonstrate good faith in keeping their The President said when the miners returned he would the joint scale committee of miners and tors to reconvene for the purpose of adjusting any inequalities in the wage scale agreement signed March 31 at New Impressed With Lewis today acknowledged dent Wilson's message of last He told the President he was im- pressed with the fairness of his and informed him of the tele- that had been sent to un- ions ordering them to return to telegram to tha President t herewith acknowledge receipt of your telegram Of July 10 dealing with the state of confusion Misting In Industry In Hates of Illinois and I am Impressed fairness of your suggestions In and today all local of their men to return to at tha national ters said they expected little lUtl COX CLEH LEAGUE Will Make His Position Plain on August 7, White MEETS CHALLENGE Chairman Asks if Johnson or Taft Views Are Those of the G. 0. P. Confers With Senator Who Afterward Points Oat That Cox Stands Citing Governor's Cox's Fight tor Initiative and for By W. I 192d, by Post Before leaving for New Tork George chairman of the Democratic replied to the renewed challenge of Senator Harding for a statement of the Democratic stand on the league of Mr. White promised that Gov. Cox would make his position on the league clear on August 7, and the chairman turn tables on the Republican nominee by asking just where the Republican party stood on this Mr. in the tion with the newspapermen said I do not intend be dragged into a newspaper controversy with the Republican I might remind him that Gov. Cox in his speech of on August 7 will dispose of all questions in a plain fashion I as long as Senator Harding has got to this it might he interesting to the country to know whether the Republican party's stand on the league is that represented by Senator Hiram Johnson or that sented by former President William Howard Deserves Vote of The first part of Mr. White's ment is regarded as be- cause if Gov. really outlines his position clearly on the league he will admittedly deserve a vote thanks from all Democrats who for months have been mystified by developments on this The fear has that the ernor would take a definite or apeak but would seek to please factions by in in thai kind of generalities which could be interpreted as porting President Wilson's promising and at the same time supporting the position of those Democrats who absolutely disagree with the At present the Democratic party is split on the treaty There are some who support the President's demand for the covenant and all that it and who are willing to sacrifice anything and everything for this international t are others tions safeguarding America before accepting the covenant and do not feel that this internationalism is as important as domestic issues em- braced in the Democratic No single Democrat is on record as willing to go so far as the President went when he declared that America should willingly sacrifice part of its sovereignty for the covenant or when he said the league greater than the government Conference With But one minority group of faithful followers has sought to give support to anything the President desired on tbe league while another larger group has reluctantly given such assistance to the President as might be had as these Democrats endangering the safety and welfare of the American people Senator who had a talk with Mr. is a member of the latter He voted tor the Lodge reservations and is on record as believing that the President the greatest mistake of his career in taking the advice of foreigners on the treaty of that of United States Before casting his vote for the Lodge Senator Owen pointed out that the Senate had given Its approval to the all-important Lodge reservation on Article X by a two-thirds to 26. he least eleven senators known to favor this reservation did not making senators who are known to favor more than two-thirds of the Continuing Senator Owen opinions of the ing a more than is entitled to President the Senate of the United under the Constitution of the United States jointly with the the established by people of United Constitution IB the of the President shall by and with and consent of to make provided two- ot the Interpretation the of the In of the Constitution before Cox Comment on ACCEPTANCE SPEECH MAILED Address Words to Be Delivered August 7. Democratic Nominee to Take Up Criticisms in Future Chairman White and Senator Harrison to Visit Marion This Flays Golf After Bound of Hard the Associated July his address for next Saturday ing the Democratic presidential Gov. Cox today sought ation after his hard week's work and prepared to turn to other campaign Copies of the address tonight were in the for newspapers to pre- pare for publication August 7. The speech comprises about according to estimates of Charles the governor's or something over a full newspaper page and somewhat in excess of the acceptance address of Senator the Republican The governor's address was printed in his newspaper plant here this afternoon He not read turning that task to Mr but spent a showery afternoon on the golf links with Lee Warren president of the Dayton Chamber of Receives Two After turning out his Gov Cox today received two of with whom he discussed and Secretary of the Pennsylvania The latter had Gov. Cox approve the list of cratic candidates for presidential electors in as required by a State law Gov. Cox today continued to hold any comment on the statement of charging the Democrats with seeking to the league of nations issue and de- claring champions of the with the Democratic campaign It would make no response before his address next Saturday and continue his policy of through exchange of statements to the to enter into that sort of debate In his forthcoming the said he would not be backward in the Campaign Business Next week the governor will dis- pose of several campaign held in abeyance while he was en- gaged at his desk on his among these is a reply tq P P of Salt Lake party regarding the request for aid in securing a don fpr Eugene V the Socialist candidate are also expected at End next possibly in- representatives of the Antisaloon who re- cently asked the governor for a ing George chairman of the Democratic national is ex- here late week for con- ferences with the governor prior to the notification The cial campaign committee of 15, it is will be announced soon after Mr White sees the It Is understood that direct management of the under Mr will be in the hands largely of E H of Cox's ator of man of the and bur of treasurer Senator Harrison also is expected next week to map out the ning about August 15. Holiday for In preparation for Gov Cox's Mayor Switzer today Issued a proclamation declaring next road have ar- to provide sleeping car by clearing out extra trains of visiting All such trains will be scheduled to arrive by o'clock next Saturday an and a half prior to the quiet Sabbath tomorrow is ned by Gov. including by Mrs. and a motor or horseback ride or reading The governor IB to lengthen his stay here by remaining another Instead of returning to as he had planned when he arrived here to get out his which left with a great amount of un- correspondence and minor State to Cox ami Harding July P. A. Of latoon League of said lay that of pointed recently from that would August H fn and Democratic on Baker is chairman of the and four of the seven of tiro body from Declares Mutual Essential to the WOULD REVISE WAR Republican for Action on Excess Profits Levy Richland County Neighbors First of Front Porch Delegations at Home Necessity of Clinging to Fundamentals Only Reference to TL e a g u Hearers Personal ike July 31 aside from the political issues that have been in the forefront of the Senator Harding took for theme of his first front porch speech today a plea for solidarity of purpose and mutual good ing among all classes and ical sections of the country Only a spirit of he could produce the full realisation of mutual inter- dependence necessary to attainment of the highest He pleaded that North and South and the Jealousies of class and selfish interest be forgotten In peace as they had been in In a passing reference to wartime the nominee declared the excess profits tax schedule should be modified to accord peace re- and that he would not hesitate to ask Congress for prompt action to that He that he was yet to suggest an equitable Serenaded by Four The speech was delivered from the porch of the Harding residence to a from in a boring Ohio which came up In marching and serenaded the candidate with four brass In the which filled the lawn and overflows Into the were many known personally to the and they as he held up their conception of neighborliness as a model for the In a short address of E B of told Senator Harding many Democrats were iA the and hundreds more in Richland county were to help boys and of other ties to carry Ohio and the nation for the Republican ticket in November After the response he came down the steps with Mrs who had stood a few feet be- hind him during the and they ahook hand for a half hour as the crowd filed by Opens Front Porch Today's speech marked the formal opening of the front porch which is expected before the summer is over to bring to Marion many thousands of Republican voters Two more Ohio delegations are to be re- the coming and two later dates already have been announced Referring to the excess profits tax in his address Senator Harding ought to make wealth bear Its full of and we ever will Having this thought in mind and also thinking of the excessive cost of I if the excess profits tax for warp the end we seek In peace I would gladly recommend a but I am not yet prepared to suggest an equitable though should have no hesitancy in asking Congress to seek possible solution The league of nations he did not refer to but he declared the nation's duty is to cling to the fundamentals on which we ed to world astonishment and hold to the nationality which Inspired our onward march am that yeu came not only as but as bors and he told his visitors tp cultivate friendliness and neighborliness I sometimes in this workaday we are neglecting those little acts of neighborliness that make life sweet and worth Recalls Heroic feel myself almost a. part of Our last settled in a tion that bounded by Richland and Crawford and I recall distinctly the of my who related to me how she had often gone one bag of wheat while the men were busy In the and the cries of the wolves were a frequent to the wearied ward That was hi the when heroes were without a sturdy manhood and womanhood were battling with the to Ohio to the of westward X am accused ot in tin I find the of their making of Ohio very and now tion In the they trod and the they The In developing America hai It a. and emphasises tlon to bold to all ehe ment they and to on securely to multiply of your fellow worthy of mention did But I fall utterly my duty to hie and to his great achievements did t not mention that great John of of the Republican For years he helped to write the glorious record of in statute law and No man to our public life has rendered more distinguished or valuable than Senator Society's in my mind Uttay is Interdependence the of internet of all our could underwrite the rood for- of mankind If he could tee la that common is bora of Pilgrim Fathers laid their eternal foundations of new-world liberty In grim and the tha same the same mutuality followed every the development of tha the tendency to class ness la a product of developing and Is both reflex of ment and a menace to maintained We must caution against class distinction and class conflict at every cannot promote agriculture because the factory is sary to of a We cannot foster the factory and Ignore because tha far mis oar base of food is no living today or morrow according to the standards of Every normal is looking collect more Federal taxes In one year than the Intire wealth of the republic a tury Only a little while ago our grievances about taxes were wholly because a half century of Republican control of the Federal government held -us from direct But tbe changed the Democratic drift to freedom of trade which is international rather than mounting cost of and finally war burdens turned taxation to a coloSsa Readjustment Present one seriously complained while the national crisis hung over but we must work a readjustment for stabilized and prosperous peace We ought to make wealth bear its full share of tax and we ever Having this thought in mind and also thinking of the excessive cost of doubt if the excess profits tax for war precisely the end we seek in peace though we do not disagree about the CONTINUED ON SECOND PAGE DR. MANNIX VALERA REMAINS Brawls and Cheers Mark De ure of Prelate for part CROWD STAMPS PIER GUARD Irish President the Baltic Baton loner Defends New July 31 the Daniel J arch- bishop of Melbourne and outspoken advocate of Irish tonight was many miles at sea aboard the liner steaming eastward toward whatever fate awaits him Ireland his native land a visit to which has been forbidden him by the British government on hie journey to Rome to see tire Pope His friend and fellow Eamonn de of the Irish who was suspected to be planning to accompany the was left behind Raised on the shoulders of a great crowd of Irish sympathizers who yelled themselves hoarse in tribute to their two leaders after engaging in a series of savage fights on dock and ship with opponents fit their cause the watched the great ship being towed into mid stream from afar received i final benediction from the venerable whose air of calm brought volley after volley of cheers from sympathizers ashore Trouble Starts Hours before the ship men women and children carrying can and flags and signs ing Premier Lloyd assembled at the The prelate was forced virtually to his way through the throng 1.0 get from his bile to gangway Theu trouble began An man standing on the upper deck hurled a taunt at the archbishop In a second husky longshoremen climbed up the sides of the ship surrounded the passenger and melled him Only a cordon of de- with revolvers pressed into the ribs of the fighting brought rescue to the Britisher This was the most spectacular of a series of Every insult to the Irish republic was met with a there was many a sore head when the day was over Customs Guards Ordinarily only who have passes from the American authorities are permitted within the fenced inclosure around the way on sailing the friends of Archbishop de- fied customs and all other They rushed from their feet the regular guards and all but on the Only prompt tions to lift the gangways prevented many of the enthusiastic tors from actually getting aboard Suspicion that De Valera would sail with the archbishop ran until just before the ship moved corted by his the Irish stepped aboard the liner more than an hour before sailing time and took place with the A dozen special detectives the archbishop snd a number escorted him as far as Sandy returning by pilot Defends Shortly before the arch- bishop a statement in which lie said that he had been ed In certain as a promoter ot He that he really was for the In and outside the British He the peace he hoped for a peace not on but on and the free win of the people Ke Mid he Ireland ti a nation ai Belgium U and AM tke same right M that to say form of government the should rad added tnat If the people are rightly struggling tp be free tone claim to look to me for something more than tolerant and barren Dl varan Plan ARMY WILL PUSH ATTACK Into Bolshevik Front Germans Disarm Poles Who Flee Into East Ask Allies to Help Them Send Troops to HaUer Given High Command by French Polish July The Polish tary delegates who left Warsaw at o'clock yesterday morning crossed the front lino at 8 tonight Premier was informed at 9 o'clock that the delegation has contact with the bolshevik delegates on the road between and Doable Dealing July 81 the Associated The armistice negotiations between the Polish and soviet sian forces are actually under way according to advices reaching here it is the action thus far has been restricted to the routine preliminaries although Moscow less messages filed in plain language apparently ordered the cessation of fighting by the soviet armies to cide with the beginning of the tice it is asserted in French quarters here that a secret code less order from Moscow gave tions to tlie soviet commanders to keep pushing offensive violently This alleged secret order is declared to have been by the French code experts at Warsaw It is it Informed the soviet com- manders that the bolshevik tions would delay handing over the armistice terms until August 4, and that meanwhile the armistice were to be conducted in a routine manner Germans Disarm The crossing of a Polish ment into Carman territory where it was is reported by Le nal in its late Tbe which crossed to escape pursuit by entered Bast Prussia to the west of the newspaper states The arms ried by the Poles were taken from them by the German police cavalry forces have ad- to the Bast Prussian to a report from the French military mission in to the French foreign The bolshevik line extends from 50 miles northeast of more than 60 miles to a point almost directly north of Warsaw The bolsheviki have not actually crossed the border but with the Germans New Menace to Tlie northern wing of the bolshevik army now is menacing Warsaw di- from the north as well as from the easu Bolsheviki now are mil 0 southwest of Bialystok The allied ti oops in ami which are mostly will be held there until situation although their duties have been completed Gen of the t irst Polish which Buffered most verely in tbe vital region northeast of has been relieved and Gen. Joseph Haller has been supreme command of the northern group of The advancement of Gen Haller who commanded the Polish divisions in France and IB French trained is he step in the reorganization of the Polish army which was begun by the Anglo-French mission yesterday Northern Front July 29 the Associated delayed Tonight s Polish communique in telling the story of Wednesday's an- that the soviet forces had Broken through the northern front in. the region of and that their cavalry patrols were headed in the direction of the fortress of Lomza The counter attacking in the hope ot regaining the line Germany Wants More July 31 The allied troops n the plebiscite according to a semiofficial have been withdrawn from In view of the increasing difficulty of tbe the government has asked the of the peace conference in to reply to Its recent note ng permission for Germany to take necessary to maintain on the eutern as the there now are not sufficient The arrival of additional Polna and their stay In the it pointed might lead o undesirable and entente has been asked te place shipping at Germany's n order to facilitate transport ot her of and are fraternizing July Hugh ML Dormy today announced hli the United lenata Hoke Smith already has beef announced far reelection and V. publisher and also s seeking the the three candidates will oppose each other iir primary election IS. w JIM
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