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Washington Bee (Newspaper) - January 1, 1858, Washington, Indiana DAVIESS JANUARY 1, 1853. 22. WASHINGTON BE FRIDAY JAMES A N K R O P R 1 E T 0 R OF S I 50 one in love and to labor is the sum of and yet how many think they live who neither labor nor a pern of thought it set in this quaint old Saxon The first part of the sentence is a beautiful test for while the other is an equally commentary on the of a great portion of humanity And are not the loving and the the one of the and do they not bring with them exceeding great who seek after is the folding up and moping away life in vain yearning after will never do you step out of and live for and in Go out with a brave spirit into the and minister to the wants of Everywhere hands are reaching out to you for help everywhere bleeding hearts needing the balm of sympathy and The little children want your the old people want some comforting and the and the best have their hours of weakness and of sit we pray for this ia not your hand findeth to do it with your with a honest heart and and no matter how heavy may be the darkness of the night through which you are the morning will the flowers will and the birds will sing about The Abolished in reference to our telegraphic synopsis of Congressional it will be seen that this upon dur republican institutions at been abolished in both of We desire to comment at length upon the in connection with full reports of the debates in both which we were not able to procure in time for this They will be given in our With mingled feelings of joy and we congratulate those who have aided us to circulate memorials on the subject upon the glorious success that has thus far crowned our also the Honorable 3Iessrs. Mason and of the and W. of and others of the to manly independence and ability are indebted for the New A New for the Removal OP Boston correspondent of the Worcester Transcript writes tp that paper as you are aware that movements arc already on foot touching the of Judge I have today seen a petition with the names of that of William Lloyd Wendell and Theodore at Petitions have been 1 into Worcester it is will send a strong appeal for his Albany Knickerbocker in up to Buffalo the other coupling between two of the cars of broke the passes through the train immediately An lady 3sked, the coupling has old looking at the broken if they tie the cars with such a pesky string as Luce a keeps werry tight in I they jist indeed you has asa I so much as touched a bit this three And as for getting why them ere now they do it Church in see by the National that the Congregational Church on Fifth street is of a decided anti-slavery a new feature in This we for the purpose of introducing ethics to the assembled wisdom of the and that the thousand New England will alternate in Hog have no improvement to notice since our the market is at prices a shade below former is now the highest figure paid for heavy We to 4,50, at which rates our have no desire to ot Sullivan at his his county be modest in youth manhood and in old age ever touched the that did not come from the heart of a Die Banner of duty to more glorious of a worldly can claim our than tlic transmission to posterity of those liberties purchased by the privations and death of the immediate ancestors of the more aged portion of our The world never witnessed the spectacle of a people so happy or a country so prosperous and mighty in its growth as our own has under the influence of those free republican institutions established by the founders of our May it never witness their failure But it must be remembered that those institutions depend for perpetuity upon the virtue and patriotism of our In their origin they were denounced as Utopian and by the most sagacious and erudite statesmen of the old and the competency of mankind to maintain them was gravely doubted by many great and good men of our own The experience of four score since our Declaration of and of less than seventy since the establishment of a matured system under our Federal has shown that the misgivings of those who feared or doubted the success of the great experiment of the competency of man for were not without some Yet the experiment has not and although often and imminently our free institutions have thus far been preserved by a of patriotism and only occasionally for brief intervals anon While our destiny yet trembles in the it behooves us to throw into the scales all the weight of and and that we can to check its vibrations and settle a happy future for our country upon a firm any one who may undervalue or lightly esteem the importance of maintaining our present system of reflect but for a moment upon the cruel oppression of those despotisms of the Eastern under which the masses of mankind have been trampled in the dust by titled of their dearest the products of their and doomed to tortures and death for the slightest or And should we allow our republican institutions to be since human nature is the same in all ages aud is it not evident that upon their ruins would be reared the throne of as heartless a despotism as ever planted its iron heel upon the throbbing heart of how are are our free institutions to be Their very nature presumes a degree of intelligence among the people which it is the duty of all good citizens to endeavor to by the study and dissemination of knowledge in political In those despotisms in which the people are the mere vassals of it is not essential that thye should be proficient in political for intelligence would only add the poignancy of a full realization of the degradation under which they while groaning under the burden of ignorance is folly to ba in a government like based upon the theory that are competent for it is but the simple duty of allegiance for every citizen to acquaint himself with its political framework as fully as and having acquired such knowledge himself he should endeavor to communicate it to his children and fellow strange to we seldom read essays or hear speeches upon the except in connection with the advocacy of the claims of candidates for election to and then the mere fact of such connection deprives even the imperfect exposition of the weight that it might otherwise it is but too apparent to the well-informed patriot that there is an astonishing amount of only among the but even among aspirants to and recipients of our highest fundamental principles upon which our political are as well as in regard to the relations existing between our Federal and State and the character of the Legislative and Judicial subdivisions into which the functions of each are wisely Without a knowledge of these things the political or rather of men are but matters of and instead of being or responsible and reasoning are but subjects of demagogical influence and We have long had it in contemplation to write a series of articles elucidating these all-important for the benefit of those to whom they may be useful and believing the present there is no political canvass appropriate for the we shall commence our series with our new volume which begins with our next There are few to whom they will not be worth more than the annual price of our either for their own personal or for the instruction of their who are soon to resume the responsible duties of citizenship and we feel an especial desire that as wide circulation be given them as all events we deem the duty incumbent upon us to place them before the with all the impartiality and whatever ability we can were tha and strong the those who formed in league of love that binds fair broad with aa our own free race should extend the elastic bind in peace State after mighty the Banner of TIIE readers will generally be as much astonished as we doubt at the unfortunate and ill-advised course taken by Senator in seeking to make an issue with the President upon that portion of his Message relating to Kansas It is true that there has been a considerable chuckling among the for some months over an anticipated breach to be made in the democratic party by defection of the distinguished Senator from and this omen has received too much sanction from the shadowy indications of a few democratic presses reputed to be under the patronage and control of Mr. which have been too incautiously but innocently copied by many democratic papers upon a full understanding of an intended defection and division of our ranks would for a moment have entertained the idea of giving encouragement to such a seditious while not entirely free from we have silently awaited the assembling of Congress to ascertain with certainty the course that would be taken by Mr. although events have already transpired to produce the utmost via are not yet disposed to judge an old friend and able champion too Mr. Douglas may yet disappoint the hopes of who have begun to claim him as an accession to their and to rejoice over their supposed good will challenge the skill of the most subtile professors of the of political alchemy to find in Mr. avowal of his antagonism to the administration any substantial matter of sufficient to warrant an alienation upon honest in view of the magnitude of the evils that would result from any considerable division of the National at such a critical and momentous crisis as the With regard to the action of the Constitutional Convention of Mr. Buchanan truly neither Mr. Douglas nor any one else or even pretend that the Act under which the Convention to frame a Constitution under which Kansas should apply for admission into the Union as a omitted to provide for submitting to the people the Constitution which might be framed by the and the earlier practice of the no Constitution framed by the convention of a Territory preparatory to its admission into the Union as a had submitted to he The Act under which the Constitutional Convention of Kansas was as furthermore remarked by the was Act of the Territorial Legislature whose lawful existence had been recognized by Congress in different and by different In the last Congress there was no louder or more vehement defender of the regularity of the established government of under by an act of its the Convention was called to frame the than Senator Douglas Had the through their representatives in their Territorial desired that the Constitution should be submitted to a popular vote previous to its submission to it would have been an easy matter for them to have incorporated such a provision in the Act calling the Constitutional But inasmuch as no such provision was incorporated the Convention were clearly at liberty to complete the work for which they were by adopting a Constitution upon which to apply for Indeed is a grave doubt in our mind whether a Convention elected for the specific duty of framing a constitution any definite provision for its subsequent submission to a popular have any right to delegate away their It is true that when State Constitutions are or new ones they are generally submitted for popular but in all such cases a provision therefor is contained in the act providing for the but in the adoption of Constitutions by Territories to application for admission as this has never been done except in two we and in these exceptional cases it was provided for by the act originating the In our State Courts it has been several times and is undisputed and well settled law that the legislature of a Scate cannot make an act dependent upon ratification by a popular And why? Because its members are elected to enact after being duly sworn to faithfully and properly discharge their duties and they have no authority to delegate away their legislative powers to an or any other body of not even to the whole people If this be the case with a legislature elected under a State Constitution why is it not so with a Convention elected for a specific purpose under the Constitution of the United If a Constitutional Convention might do one however laudable beyond the powers specially conferred upon it might it not also do any number of other things however without transcending its may be regretted that the Act under which the late Constitutional Convention of Kansas was did not provide for a submission of the instrument they should to a popular Mr. Douglas regrets that this was not and so does Mr. and so do There is here no difference any further than in the degree of for we must say that we regard the matter as of infinitely less importance than Mr. Douglas and affect to And why? Because the Convention seeming to participate in the general regret that they had not been to submit their work for popular ventured to go so far as to so submit the only question at The f eople of Kansas therefore opportunity of voting whether there shall boa provision protecting or prohibiting slavery in their move is Is there any difference of opinion as to any other subject embraced in the Constitution adopted by the Not at and if there it could bo readily altered the very first year after admission as a On the other hand critics have carefully scanned it in vain to find anything against which to a brief review of the subject we see That the Convention to frame a under which application made for the admission of Kansas as a was not required by weight in his If the shall blast our hopes in his and if he shall go over to the it can be solely from these pitiful for he can allege no other sufficient Even his great sagacity cannot enable him to make a mountain of the miserable mole hill of difference that he has chosen for a barrier between himself and the if our worst apprehensions shall prove it is a proud satisfaction to know that even the defection of Mr. Douglas cannot Divide or distract the the National Democracy to endanger their ascendancy in the councils or Chief Magistracy of the Its members are too intelligent and patriotic to be deceived or corrupted the machinations of any man or however or however beloved in times Tha National Democracy have higher motives than and a stronger cohesion than personal Even should Douglas creating it to submit such j ly desert our ranks he cannot carry as they might for the ratification or rejection of That it is at least doubtful wheth -er that Convention had in the absence of any special delegation to make their action dependant for its vitality upon the endorsement of any person or especially as a wide difference of opinion exists as to what class of persons should be consulted on the That notwithstanding the grave doubts that reasonably existed in the minds of members of the Convention as to their right to delegate away any portion of their powers to any class of persons they still ventured to submit the only clause to negro on which there was any difference of to the vote or afl white male inhabitants of the age of That no provision of the Constitution except the one thus submitted to the popular involves any matter of difference either among the people of Kansas or of the United then was the occasion the ostentatious announcement by Mr. Douglas that 1/e differed with the present Democratic and that he should embrace the earliest opportunity to animadvert upon that portion of the to Kansas of the half million of voters we have gained since the Presidential His first demonstration in the Senate has doubtless taught him that if merit can elevate men from the humblest misconduct can prostrate them from the With but one Senator of to him in his war upon the he can hardly hope for a very triumphant tilt the National He will find himself in the condition of the bull that attempted to butt off the great train of democracy will move on as wo still against we the return of the prodigal as much for his 0V(-n sake as for the sake of the glorious cause in behalf of which he has battled so bravely and ably in days gone Should the futura show that our inferences Mr. strange course have been it will give us the greatest pleasure to correct Wc shall await future developments with but coUld not conscientiously say less at nothing so dangerous as a young man staying in a country house with He is sure to fall in love with with one or the other of Mr. Douglas and to for of occupying to submit to the slimy approval of Greely and other notorious traitors to their Where is the motive for his making a speech iu opposition to the appointment of a to the traitor who had been removed for playing into the hands of the while acting as pro Governor of But and wherefore the occasion of his as he did on his intention at an early a to enable the people of Kansas to form a Constitution and State thus the regular Convention convened by authority of the legislature and government of which Congress and Mr. in common with all National have so often and so fully recognized as Has in his boasted annual of wisdom learneS the fallacy of his former democratic faith in the right of the pe ij le o to govern through their recognized legislature And has he at last become a convert to the doctrine of the Convention at Philadelphia which nominated Congress lias sovereign over the If not how could he give notice of originating a in Congress for the formation of a Constitution and State Government of Kansas in opposition to that already established and repeatedly recognized as regular by the late and democratic as well as by all national democrats throughout the put these questions to Mr. Douglas as an old and shall send him a copy of this paper with our questions and wo shall await his we pledge ourself to before expressing our more fully as to his recent actions and If he can answer them satisfactorily we shall be If he can he for he doubtless knows we have the most widely extended circulation of any paper of the party to which he heretofore numbering not less than three or four thousand subscribers and probably 20,000 readers in his own before we hope the may be disappointed in their for the fall of Douglas into their ranks could not be regarded in any other light than as a Like the of three that guards the gates of mythological they will fawn and smile upon him as he but after passing the infernal portals those smiles will be exchanged for fiendish and the sweet music of their syren songs to the hideous bowlings of hopeless an old friend and admirer of the we trust we shall be excused for what may appear to some as infatuation in his while we await further indubitable proof of the treachery of one whom we have hitherto so highly We cannot believe that our once favorite the talented has deserted his old party aud his dearest merely because many of the Southern delegates to the Cincinnati Convention deemed it advisable to support Buchanan in preference to because Buchanan has not awarded him fall iu love with him and then when he there is sura to be a scene Miss with her red eyelids and mamma with her smirks aud aud hopes and so There are more matches made up in country houses than in all the London ones put London is always allowed to be only the cover for finding the game and the country the place it Just as you find your fox in a and run him down in an open Be what you are It is much easier to get entangled with a girl than get free for though they will offer to set a man they never consult a male friend in these The stupidest that ever was born is better than the cleverest man in love In no man is a match for a woman until he is all even The worst of young men they never know their worth until it is too They think the girls are difficult to whereas there is nothing so as I said the girls are better a young man should always have his mother at his elbow to guard against the machinations of the that cannot let me urge you to be careful what you are and as you seem to have plenty of be more attentive to one sister than to by which you will escape the red and also escape having mamma declare you have trifled with or and all the old women of the neighborhood your aud making up to you themselves for one of their own Some ladies ask a intentions before he is well aware that he has any but these are the spoil sport sort of Most of them are prudent enough to get a man well hooked before they hand him over to It is generally a case of Beware of I have known undoubted heiresses crumpled up into nothing by the appearance the of two or three great heavy Note Last of the George a nephew of the celebrated John who died in Charlotte on the 4th was the last in the line of the Randolph He was born deaf and but was highly educated in On returning to Virginia in 1814, he heard of of the hopeless illness of his brother at Harvard and immediately became From that time to the day of his he is said never to have known a lucid Corydon Democrat learns that the stockholders of the Bank of Corydon had a meeting last Friday and unanimously resolved to wind the concern This will require but little as no bills have been put in and but little other business has been done by it. The reason assigned for this is that the pressure of the times is such as to prevent it from being profitable to the the change in that respect having taken place since the bank was literary effusions from water on the Say While the Southern have kept the South in a state of ferment about the terrible danger of admitting Kansas as a free two other free States have been duly and quietly and are waiting now the simple formality of a Congressional act of admission into the These two States are Minnesota and one at the sources of the the other at the mouth of the Columbia on the Pacific The former is already a populous and highly prosperous and the latter possessed of a solid and body of is destined to with California the of is now our our old are our are our old We have and But where are the veritable boys with eager throbbing buoyant gay and glowing unreasoning and ready boys with the young ing through them like the juices of yoang boys who hail their existence gathering battling its and not striving and an unripe knowledge and Where are now our veritable old men who of the new free i arid fearlessly enter on the stage of assuming its claiming and fulfilling its separating themselves from the turbid the toil and strife of and reposing honorably in the retirement of experience and not clinging to the semblance of not envying the energies of youth or the prime of but keeping alive the memories and feelings of both to ray their declining day with mellow the old men who wear their grey hairs as a crown of and stood amid their fellows with their hoary their wise and their brows engraven with the lines of thought almond trees full of good men may still scattered like old pollards over the leveled face of but they are not thy not the result of thy O The youth which opens under thy and runs by thy cannot sow the seeds of such a The youth framed under thy influences and action will have no will not know the natural processes of the then the that the full in the Thy youth will be put up and fashioned like a piece of set to work like a steam moving ever by the same hard much speed from so much so much knowledge from so much Oregon has so little taste for niggers that free niggers are excluded from her The question of what be to the South as a balance of power even admitted with a South Carolina we with these Northern offsets of Minnesota and and with Nebraska and Washington Territories close fact or no this idea of a Senatorial Southern balance of power in is an it is a balance which Is is there any help for it. With Cuba in our we might divide it into two new slave but we got and there is no telling when we shall get it. Texas may be cut up into two or three but the chances are morn than equal that one or two of the new ones would be free in Western Texas there arc few and some populous German settlements of men who are dyed in the wool against slave Arizonia as a new Southern Territory is a perfect and from New as Mr. Webster niggers have been excluded by the will of And so the game is up with Mr. idea of a balance of Southern power iu the Kansas or no the North henceforth must be predominant in both branches of and every year more and as for Kansas it as a slave in six months it will be a free How is all this rant and cant and clamor between and Southern about niggers in What say the say the York Adopted in copy the following highly important news from the Saint Louis Republican of the editor of which says the has carried in December 12. returns from Johnson are at Shawnee the vote was seven hundred and at Olathe and about the same at No election news came down from Lawrence and when the express left the former several hundred men were about leaving for Lecompton to and if to take by force the territorial arms at the send you herewith the address of cting Governor Denver to the people of It is but to the were rumors to-day of a region of Fort in which it said that thirty men had been This evening the driver of the coach from denies it. It is doubtless a mere To-night il received a letter dated at Lawrence which states that Lane has gone to Fort and intends first to demolish that and then Lexington and and that a war of extermination is to be begun on the settlers in the Shawnee Reservation and they are to be shot down aud their houses I regard the letter as intended to arouse the border people to acts of and give party some show of an for A effort is being made to get up civil We as we expect to with has carried by a large majority no doubt of C. Dec. 21. Westport It must be awful times down at Fort It was reported last night that the free State men had roasted two of our men alive but it is not certain as but there has been a and Jim Lane has gone and there no 1,000 men either at Fort or gone into It has been proposed to go to Lexington and levy a contribution of to pay the expenses of tire last and then go up and wipe out The free State men say they stop at the State so look be and acquit yourselves like Vigilant Committee meet and sometimes keep in session till ' It is quite likely there will be blood spilt on the Shawnee They are talking of going down ih and burning the houses of proslavery while some of our folks are to be burned in their houses or shot down as they come We are apt to mistake our vocation in looking out of the way for occasions to exercise great and rare and stopping over ordinary ones which lie directly in the road before When we we fancy we could be when we come to the we find we cannot bear a provoking in Minnesota have suspended publication on account of the tightness of the in many ways shows us the noiseless greatness of all that is productive of peace aud The fields of growing and forests studded with swelling oaks make no and electricity in the thunder is not a tithe so powerful as that which sleeps in the light and holds the drops of a cup of water in their liquid The estimate of power gives greater prominence to that which upheaves and causes eruption of a to almost all symbolizes more strength and than the silent swing and radiance of a If there could be some splendid confusion produced amid the serenity of the universal if some broad constellation should to play off a brilliant display of down the spaces of the or if some blazing comet should jostle the whole outworks of a destroying and kindling the infinite azure into how many there are that would look up to the for the first time with wonder awe They do not see anything surprising or subduing in the punctual rise and steady setting of the and its imperial and boundless and yet the sun fire enough to fill the whole space between Mercury and Neptune with brilliant pyrotechnics and jubilee But the old sun is not and has no French ambition for such mean as children gaze at their It noiselessly reserves its keeps them stored in its throws no sheets of flame from its huge but shoots still and steadily its white beams of that evoke flowers from the bosom of the globe and paint the far-off satellites of Uranus with silver for mechanics hearken to the following of the best editors the Westminster Review could boast one of the most brilliant writers of the was a cooper in One of editors of the London Daily Journal was a baker in the best reporter of the London Times was a in the editor of the Witness was a One of the ablest ministers in London was a in and another was a iu The late Doctor of was a in The principal of the London Missionary College at Hong-Kong was a saddler in and one of the best Missionaries that ever went to India was a tailor in The leading machinist on the London and Birmingham with a was a mechanic in and perhaps the richest iron founder in was a working man in Sir James Her was a druggist in Joseph Hume was a sailor and then a laborer at the mortar and pestle in Mr. the member of Parliament from was a poor boy in Ross James the member from was a plowman in and Arthur the member for earned his bread by the sweat of his brow in the Ultima These spent their leisure hours in acquiring useful spend much of life in making and more of it in correcting ambitious often into a ditch while at the
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