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Walla Walla Union-Bulletin (Newspaper) - March 16, 1946, Walla Walla, Washington The National Whirligig Behind the Netcs Bay Tucker By John Fisher Is Kremlin deliberately em- barking on an expansion program Diplomats do not yet know the answer Many of those sympathetic to Soviet union are puzzled oy the conflicting news about Manchuria and Iran and are disturbed by Mos pressure on Turkey to give up Kars and regions Victorious Russia has plenty ol land and rich natural resources Her brave and tired people need the atmosphere of peace and a higher standard of living far mor than new territorial gains Why unbiased statesmen ask the Red government dissipate American good will for such small Of what value to the eian people would be a few ren Armenian mountains if the ing were to alarm free nations eluding the United States and make them implacable It is wise not to indulge in an emotional explosion at every ling move in the diplomatic chess game We may discreetly bridle our tongue but we need not close our ears or our eyes Czarist Expansionism Realistic observers cannot over- look two 1 Czarist Russia always sought to push beyond her frontiers 2 Original Communist doctrine is that Marxist Russia never can be safe in a capitalist We may have clearer un- of current events in- Churchill's speeches if we examine the record with these points in mind At the moment tht 11 Till T T Walla Walla Union Our Year No 334 Walla Walla Wash Sunday March 17 1946 Member of NBA Inc Bell Syndicate and Allied DalliM et Washington Sunday lOe Copy Sixteen Pages threatens Turkey The first in history of Russian fighters was the arrival of a Muscovite fleet off Constantinople in 860 Raids persisted for generations and in the last century three wars were fought with Turkey Russia increased her territories 30 square miles a day during the reign of Catherine the Great and 48 square miles a day in the 18th century By 1815 she had acquired Alaska Siberia Sakhalin part Oi Manchuria the Caucasus the tic Poland most of Rumania and Bulgaria and spheres of influence in northern Persia and Mongolia Russian aggression was stopped In the early 19th century She made no further gains in Europe though she tried into Asia England and France fought the k Crimean war in to keep her from dominating the Balkans and the Middle East In the kish war of the Czar's forces took Constantinople but a British fleet prevented them from keeping it Kars today's storm tenter was Continued on Editorial Page J MacArthur Denies Seizure Workers to Propaganda Director Sees No Get Back on Danger to Tehran in Presence i i Of Russian Troops Jobs Monday r Back io Work and Strike Settlement Is Expected to Bring War Items Closer to Waiting Millions TOKYO Sunday UB General MacArthur's economic chief By Associated That post-war automobile radio and refrigerator moved a lot er to the homes of America's ing millions last week Settlement of the General Motors and General Electric disputes broke the back of impending strikes and opened the gates for the return of nearly 000 workers to the production job If the strikers ratify the labor and industry leaders expect they ers will begin returning to their benches and assembly lines in a matter of days Cars By April General Motors for example ex- to have its assembly lines turning finished cars by April 1 although some automotive sources expect that parts ages will continue to plague blast production in the industry Early ratification was at Cadillac local in Detroit representing workers and at plants in Schenectady cuse and Pittsfield Mass The Schenectady plant employs of which are production workers and will reopen Monday Two Syracuse plants employing 500 will reopen Monday Ten and workers were involved at field There were indications while that of ists which has made idle some in the San Francisco area for four and a half months would end Monday have been signed granting 18 per cent wage boosts to employes of machine shops in the Bay area and 18 cents hourly pay hikes to machinists in the shipyards Some employes were ted to remain idle at two hem Steel Corp shipyards ever The company said it wouldn't resume operations because the hasn't provided for re- imbursement for higher wages Number Down Final of these three disputes would cut the number of strike idle in the nation from 000 to since last No- However three clouds remained on the labor and strike threats involving 63 of Red Cross Workers Killed in War NEW YORK Jacob L Deers said Saturday 83 of the Red Grose workers who ed with the armed forces over- seas were killed in artion The chief of the army ground force paid a tribute to the workers in a radio broadcast They performed a great vice to American troops he said adding that women workers were a constant source of More 100 he said were cited for bravery under fire three won silver stars for heroism and 52 won bronze stars brotherhoods day flatly denied Russian and west coast en John L Lewis who has filed no- ports that the United States army is moving valuable metals from Japan to America The millions dollars worth of gold silver platinum and elry are under military guard in the of the bank of said Maj Gen W F quat of the economic and scientific section o SCAP supreme commander allied A further denial of the Moscow newspaper Pravda's Vladivostok dispatch came from General civilian financial aide C F Thomas of New York who said not a single things has been ed Merely Guarding Disposition of this wealth is nor a matter for our section and we merely are guarding Thomas explained It is up to the allied powers to decide what is to become of not just the United States Thomas estimated that the pre- metals and jewels in the April 1 concluded his on the workers contract demands by putting the issues squarely up to the nation's soft coal operators Make us a we'll Lewis told the operators at a contract conference in ton Friday The UMW chief had used up a whole week of open meetings on a new wage contract without hinting what he it after in dollars and cents Some operators accused him of a Demands Studied The wages and working rules de- mands of the brotherhoods of road trainmen and locomotive en- who threatened to strike more than a week ago and then postponed the action are being studied by a presidential ing board Harry Bridges CIO men's union and waterfront em- ployes association demanding 35 cents hourly wage boosts ed preparations for a west coast strike on or before April 1 unless demands are met The union Pea Growers Plan to Hire Representative Pea growers of this district will hire a permanent ness manager to handle the in- creasing work to be done in con- with the obtaining of vest labor each season it was an- Saturday following a meeting Friday night of the Pea Growers The business manager will dle book work and make necessary contacts for the growers not only in connection with labor but for other common problems faced by the pea growers here Present at Friday evening's meeting which was held in the em- farm labor office were Arthur Kulin state supervisor of the emergency farm labor gram and Adrian Stiff of Yakima associate area representative for the labor branch of the U S de- of agriculture Some 25 growers attended A committee of growers will be appointed to work with a ment of agriculture engineer who is coming here Monday to survey the farm labor camp site of Dixie officials announced discussion was held on the question of foreign labor needed for harvest work this mer but Stiff reported that a con- tract would probably be signed shortly with the Mexican ment to provide Mexican workers for the coming season the number to be brought into this state is expected to be smaller than in the past several years TEHRAN reliable source said Saturday Russian troops now were concentrated at K ij 20 miles northwest of this but the Iranian director of ganda declared there is no ger to Tehran Earlier Saturday War Minister Ahmed Amir Ahmedi de- nied he told a news conference Thursday that the Iranian army would fight to the last man if Soviet troops moved on Tehran He said his remarks were com- misinterpreted by a war department interpreter A dispatch to the newspaper Melli 300 miles northwest of Tehran said viet garrisons had been established at the desert villages of Takah and and 80 miles to the east where Soviet columns were ed in motion several davs ago The dispatch added that the sians were moving back into way points recently evacuated south around Lake Urmia near the frontiers of Turkey and hac reached points 60 miles of seat of the of Kurd Chief Ghazi Mohammed Prince propoganda di- rector and political undersecretary of state told There is no danger to Tehran The sians have been in the country years without attacking us There is absolutely no threat of attack here now Tension in this capital ably lessened Residents ently were accepting the situation Some wealthy families however have moved to village homes in the south and the daily train is booked solidly War minister Ahmedi ing jointly at a news conference with Firouz denied the statements attributed to him at Thursday's in- given after Ahmedi had conferred with the shah R C Campaign 121 Now With contributions of on hand by early Saturday after- noon the 1946 Red Cross fund in Walla Walla county was continuing to show progress The minimum objective it Of that total only goes to the national organization the re- mainder being retained here for gram With about half the reports from Whooping and employes of General Motors Hyatt Bearing Division Harrison N J greet the end of strike with jubilation They will receive NBA cents per hour wage Tour May Take Hoover Around World WASHINGTON has been removed from the list of countries which Herbert Hoover will visit on his tour This was learned here Saturday as the former president food ad- ministrator during World war I packed his bags in New York for a trip which may take him around the world NEW YORK er said Saturday he feared it was too late to save all the threatened with starvation the world Our purpose is to save the last one said in a talk on world famine An agriculture department in- formation officer insisted Saturday night tint the on whether Hoover will go to Russia has not yet been finally made He knowledged however that sia is not on the itinerary as of the moment but said Hoover still might go there if he were invited Hoover is scheduled to leave New York Sunday for a flight to Paris to begin a check on what President Truman has called the worst food crisis in modern times is expected to be gone about five weeks The journey ander wiU take him to Taxpayer in Dutch When He Says too Much ALBUQUERQUE federal income taxpayer just wanted to make sure his re- fund check didn't go by mistake to his wife Days after filing the return with assistant of the internal revenue collector's office he came back to clinch the point They had disagreed he ed and separated in December he was assured there isn't the slightest chance of a re- fund to your wife Since the separation was be- fore the end of the year there can be no exemption for her You owe a little more than instead cou Inmate Death vaults valued at nas been offered J8 cents As rapidly as this wealth has been turned in by the Japanese or located when it was not reported we have put it into the vaults for said Thomas It has not been moved around but has been left right there Asked whether any Russian participated in Investigated Job Op Dropping Here WaHa Walla does not have a unemployment problem at the present time and none is pated here although the number of job openings has declined recently according to Guy McLaughlin manager of Walla Walla office of the U S employment service Approximately 450 persons in the area served cut of this are receiving unemployment sation now or less per cent of the population of some credited in this area McLaughlin stated Saturday A slight drop has been recorded in the list of ployed in the past few weeks and the situation is expected to improve as seasonal farm work up shortly Permanent Jobs Desired However McLaughlin ed a need for more permanent job listings than are now available as this type ol opening is now than a few months ago Walla Walla has plenty of sonal jobs but returning veterans naturally want permanent the USES official stated At the time the type and Two special officers from the j ground of many of the applicants ft in for mcn handling seizures he said they have no into tte death of George even asked to see it Frank excellent but we do not have the jobs in which they want to settle tor a lifetime of work state penitentiary trusty course many of the veterans was fatally injured early Thursday iare youngsters who were just Thomas added that the United j was reported Saturday by ishing school when they entered the Vi f States army has been entirely dcn Tom frank ver army or navy and who have had no nk about every lot of gold Smith said that nothing official i experience in any jobs However platinum jewels and anything be released as yet but are anxious to learn a else received announcing it to both oj injury indicates Cox settle in this area o nury ox the allied and Japanese press and was pushed from a balcony iwe arc employers to list any it part of official reports by To sum it all up we taking an accidental falL made no attempt to keep anything j There is sufficient evidence of secret about the whole foul play to u an ant complete Thomas said j the warden stated i quoted Japanese Cox who was found about papers and the army Stars Thursday in a corridor in No Stripes on specific seizures ol regained partial and jewelry These items riess later in the day but was never were based on releases by to give any thur's public relations office died early Friday r Dancing the seizures to the allied 1 Japanese press I State Patrol j Chief Herbert Algeo said Salem High Clarion Torn toe Bert Prep Newspaper Ore The Salem on trusty who died Friday from weapon rather herc so we can Place residential solicitation in the hands of the campaign of- fice at 14 West Main street that effort amounted to it was said Contributions in the city as a whole are beginning to come in although nothing has been heard from as yet from either Walla Walla army air field or the U S Veterans hospital Ray L Small campaign chairman ot wheat advised Numerous rural the Soviet union from are yet to make even tentative er's visiting list Officials appealing or American food and possibly to India When he accepted President Truman's invitation to make a survey of food needs of war-torn and countries Hoover and government food included Russia in his erary Russia along with most of Europe has asked for American sistance But when it became known here this week that Russia had offered to supply France with tons government ports although an re- port came in Saturday from Haas in the farthermost northern reaches of the county An additional from burg has brought the total for that city to and the solicitation in College Place is almost ished The office advises that there are numerous contributions which always have come in during past drives that have not yet made their appearance Results of the solicitation of employes in are slow in being reported The return of postal cards from businesses stating when reports might be accepted has been most pleasing Small said adding that in several instances these were that the inspection trip had intended to include only those countries asking for and needing food Marshall Calls Conditions In Manchuria Extremely Critical in Conference In Report to President Truman Far Eastern Troubleshooter Discloses Urgent Measures Are Being Taken to Extend Peace Formula into Country WASHINGTON George C Marshall disclosed urgent measures are being taken jointly by American and Chinese officers to extend into Manchuria a peace formula Pea Ceiling Price is An error in transmission on the Associated Press wire Friday night resulted in confusion in the item concerning the OPA having set new of the creaty were a con- Soviet Paper Declares Iran Broke Treaty Country Charged With Granting Oil Concessions Held Ly Russia to U S And British Firms The Newspaper Izvestia declared Saturday that Northern Iran oil fields were of primary significance to Russian security and charged that Iran four times broke the treaty of 1921 by granting to United States and British firms oil con- cessions previously held by sia The government newspaper Iran of discriminating against Russia in oil concessions of ening Soviet and of ing to instigate conflicts between the Soviet union and great powers The latter charge was made in another article in Izvestia Thursday Met Resistance Izvestia asserted that when sia in 1944 proposed renewal of her former oil concessions in the north the proposal met raving resistance from the Iranian ruling upper crust It is not said vestia to forget about all these facts which have serious meaning in the development of relations be- tween the Soviet union and The 1921 treaty it said lated that Iran would not give con- cessions to foreign interests in Northern Iran but that Iran had granted them to three American and one firm in this area adjacent to the Southern iet frontier and close to oil bases in Baku and Turkmen These concessions said were threats to Russian security The newspaper said the Bevin States Offer Serious LONDON Secretary ceiling prices for the 1946 dry pea crop The transmission error when traced down was revealed to have occurred when the item was sent out of Washington The OPA has fixed per 100 pounds as thp ceiling for U.S No 1 dry whole smooth peas which is 65 cents a hundred pounds less than the previous price The U.S No 2 ceiling is while that for U.S No 3 and lower is a hundred These maximum prices are country shipping point for sales by processors and dealers in sacks loaded on the car or truck The item went on to quote a price of per hundred for green or yellow split peas on the same shipping basis for U.S No 2 and for U.S No 3 and lower Local figures in the trade point out the difference in the two tations is that the lower set of cession to Standard Oil in Novem ber 1921 to Sinclair Oil in De cember 1923 to Delaware Oil in January 1937 and to the Anglo Dutch company said to be a sub- of the Royal Dutch Shell in March 1939 All were cancelled later but only after Soviet protests it added Grounds Said False Iran it continued granted the concessions on grounds she did have the financial and industrial means for self-development But this it charged was only a maneuver exposed by the iet proposal a year and a half ago for concessions These it said would have given Iran great fits and removed one of the obstacles in the way of im- proving relations Tax Payments Show Increase Ernest Bevin said Saturday night to the Walla Walla that his offer of a for the Product as jt Tax payments to tne 7 i i i I ship treaty with Soviet Russia seriously proposed and seriously meant and that he would pursue it notwithstanding all the dis- appointments Referring to Winston Churchill's comes from the field while the county treasurer's office during the green or yellow quotations are j first 15 days of March totaled listed for the latter part of the speeches in the United States while for the finished product after it has gone through a processing plant and is ready for sale to the ultimate consumer green dry split peas usually are the Alaska I in told a dinner audience in Port No final check-ups have Wales that the policy this responsible for defined in my speech to parliament started as yet The theatre collection will be held March 20 to 26 but in Walla Walla on Feb 21 officials of the At that time Bevin told the ment Co have decided in of that he wanted tion with chapter officials of the uith Soviet union Red Cross to confine this feature for time and said he to the of March 20 through 23 only Small is confident the minimum goal will be achieved but it appreciated he added if ir fee First former ceiling price of per hundred for U.S No 1 dry whole smooth peas has prevailed the last two years at least it was said 647.84 slightly higher than during the same period a year ago it was reported Saturday by R B ker county treasurer The percentage of payment is proximately the tame as in 1945 since the total tax levy for 1946 was slightly above last year's ker said Tax for the current 15 and all advise the government to seek to change the friendship treaty to a March as quickly as over the top before the end Few Disabled Here McLaughlin said that nationally 1 of effort He has called a meeting of his j party newspaper attacked 1 Churchill's speech at Fulton Mo ion assistance to disabled asserted that one cannot take in EK paid before March 15 were ble for a three per cent rebate occasioning a heavy rush during the past several weeks In all nearly has been paid ing the period the total as of Saturday morning being 083 29 for and March SAVANNAH Greece in blocking the entrance of I1 February and is all Italy into the world bank and fund Italy Is Out Of Bank Fund figure since only a few contacts have beeri Chamber of Commerce committee room suffered an higher with half of land that tht treaty between defeat in seeking to lower salaries Ae office and evidence i that most men received injuries during the war have been able to return to their original Clarion round hich received the Arnold a report UNO Changes Are Suggested land and should be directors of the world i tions at a late of the fuH ed However tax payments usually slump vily afler March 35 and do not until May before PARK tion of the United in eral conference for the purpose of making sweeping changes in UNO's speech Bevin said I want to countries their historical bert auto proposed Saturday you there was not dl r in i Alceo he expected Io receive some service jobs night by a group of consultation with the including hospital attendants and Americans who another ior Abates when collected Much of this wss p it that several large checks ith Greece Thursday when was the entry of taken in was actually a busier day s Fulton for the tea surer s office had US HONORED The delegates that ex- scnt-oi in i ne expected Io receive some service jobs night by a group of si cWest consultation with the that ex- has received the Arnold a report two davs from the hospital attendants and Americans who urged creation of and that I had conditions school's paper The Lantern wra Hall cup n vest cators he assigned io the at the Veterans a world government capable of iic to do with it would not be the Register trophy for S salesmen and Averting the of another What he said on Mr upon the I the best paper in the state in or Journalism clerks in retail trade aod in the atomic era i chill's own personal jm then annual i schools of less than SCO enrollment 1 professional draftsmen i Declaring Uno convene mE next Sf it was learned Saturday The er we re W writers men arid amend its charter a Rollins had Italy's rsper has won the award a n tre hsCh professional were Walter W 6T was Friday car crrer a 20 s screes embankment after a and His SAN FRANCISCO 163 m injured but a hospital re- draftsmen i Uno convene tn arid its charter a Rollins Srp.'cs had supported Italy's paper has won the award a conference of scientists FOR GAS I application for early entry ber of times Hales is statesmen business j Miss Florence Sweet is educators writers and a has prepared fori OPA BOARD EXPANDS leader proposed a cas attack the The consistently successful so far in other parts of China The general here to report to President Truman of efforts as the chief executive's personal troubleshooter in the far east ed the situation in Manchuria critical state of affairs No Man's Land While Marshall discussed reasons for the Manchurian crisis ly he told a questioner he did not know whether forces which recently withdrew from Mukden are evacuating all Along with this uncertainty he pictured the vast rich region almost as a political land in which as the Russians do pull back Communist factions until otherwise ordered tend to contest the agreed right of central ment forces to take over and run the territory This he said ready has caused a series of minor clashes Throughout a long news con ference however the took a of general optimism conditioned by two requirements which he were That the United States give assistance to the nese and that other nations not scheme deliberately against corporation of the rich Manchurian territory into a unified peaceful China He laid heavy on tht operations cf unity teami of American Nationalist and Com munist officers who are dispatched to trouble areas for pacification In other parts of Chins Marshall said these groups have ed out what seemingly were im- possible conditions with almost never a failure Troops to Manchuria Here are the high spots of situation and other points which Marshall em- at his news conference in one of Secretary Byrnes rooms at the state department 1 An army of Chinese troops the best in China is now embarking for presumably on American ships ia order to take over control there Meanwhile minor clashes involving Communist groups are going on in that country and there is much restless moving about The agreement vides definitely for the central government to take over 2 Meanwhile United States marine and army forces the latter being all the being cut to a minimum as fast as sible Marshall estimated marines would be released by the last reduction he approved and said that force now is down to about thousand The army units are being reduced to the number essential to carry on air transport and supply operations Mrs Hevel Succeeds Mrs Lee In Health Association Mrs Ellen Lee executive secretary of the County Public Health association has resigned her post and will be replaced by Mis Shirley Hevel April 1 Henry C president of the association praised Mrs work of the past two years and said that her resignation had been accepted with regret She resigned because of conflicts with future plans Biamont stated that the sociation was fortunate in ing Mrs Havel's services since she is well known throughout the county and it experienced in the activities of the group Howard Kill 41 former Toledo O- I amendment program with this The palace price control board will CONTRACT AWARDED frar laree gas the activities of the Grant PORTLAND rf wat fair bank teller was arrested by Ac prim of Ration That Nations be raid modem board on March 27 it was tract for construction of the for a ir s WEATHER jn a from a of filters an ed here The lire t0 aaa cooler he a by fte ber of rets 1 been to H H Talker iph with -an cf allied headquarters of the power ol rjp yesr St in 1542 the of the ed there unnecessary i administration Friday NOW AT WARDS There is a lot of good Spring Fashion news in he ery Ward ad on i 6 of this paper Also on this same pope the 9 listings of hot Now at Words items that ore making new merchandise news in Woila Here ts another couple of interesting offerings Cotton Material 49 a yd Limit 6 to a customer Men's Athletic Shirts and Shorts SHORTS SHIRTS 41 c BOY'S SPEED SHORTS BOY'S SPEED SHIRTS for Montgomery Ward 3-d S Tel 620
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