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Wisconsin Rapids Daily Tribune (Newspaper) - March 11, 1944, Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin RED CROSS WAR FUND DRIVE Local Quota Wisconsin Wute ftpcr Is a vltsl weapoa war. Save it and save MHM boy's life! Thirtieth 9417. Wisconsin Rapids, Wis., Saturday, March 11, 1944. Single Copy Five OnU EIRE REFUSES U.S. REQUEST TO OUST AXIS 'FORTS'POUND MOENSTER IN WESTERN REICH Flying Fortresses hit Muenster in western Germany today while Liberator! bombers were losing hard blows at German military installations in the Pas-De-Calais region of the French coast, headquarters announced. The two-pronged American day- light attack was made through sub- stratosphere snowstorms without the loss of a single bomber but four fighters were lost during the day's operations. Follow British Assault The new blows followed up an RAF Lancaster nighl precision as- sault on four factories in France. Other forces of American Thun- derbolt fighters also contributed to the daylight sweeps- by strafing airdromes, gun positions and other German military targets in occu- pied territory. The bombers were accompanied on their dual thrust by Thunderbolt and Mustang lighters. The new American assaults on western Germany and the French coast where Prime Minister Church- ill said the Germans are readying rockets and robot planes -were a re- sumption of their marathon attacks following a one-day lull. Name RAF Targets Targets of the night-riding RAF Lancasters were airplane factories at Chateauroux, 150 miles south of Paris and Clermont-Ferrand, 100 miles south of Chateauroux. Ossun, another of the night tar- gets, lies only five miles from the Spanish border and representing a round trip of more than miles. Factories also were hit at Lari- camarie, near Saint Etienne, 75 niilas south of Vichy. 60 Days in 3 Months These targets on the nearby northern French coast have now been hammered by allied planes on 60 days out of the last three months. They first were hit early in September when allied armies and navies were staging a big invasion rehearsal on the channel. The American bombers thundered out after only a day's interval in the campaign which has now taken them on a scorching tour of Ger- man targets, including Berlin, on 10 of the last 13 preced- ented streak of activity for this theater. Eight of these attacks were against Germany itself. The American attack on western Germany was the second quick dose of bombs for that section of the Reich, the RAF's Mosquitos having made another of their incursions there during the night. Fred Saeger Succumbs; Funeral Tuesday Afternoon Mrs. Fred Saeger ST., 70, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Herman Koch in the town of Grand Rapids at a. in. today follow- ing a lingering illness. Funeral sen-ices will he held Tuesday at p. m. at Immanuel Lutheran church here with the Rev. E. G. Kuechle officiating. Intenment will be in Forest Hill cemetery. Mrs. Saeger, nee Theresa Knnth, was born in Pomerania, Germany, on July 29, 1873, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Knuth. She came to the United States with her parents when she was eight years old, the family settling in the town of Grant, Portage county. In 1920 they moved to the town of Grand Rapids, She married Fred Saeger at Kellner on May 4, 1893. Five children were bom to this union, the husband and one daughter pre- ceding the mother in death. Surviving relatives in'.lude two sons, Wilbur and Fred Saeger and two daughters, Mrs. Ed Brahm- steadt and Mrs, Herman Koch, all of the town of Grand Rapids; 16 grandchildren and eight great- grandchildren. Friends may call at the Baker and son funeral home, where the body will remain until time for ser- vices. Lend-lease Three Years Old Today (JP) The lend- lease program, thiee years old to- day, has used 14 cents of every dot- Jar of American -war expenditures to pile up more than of aid to allied nations. Through a reverse process, United States has received some- thing over in such varied items as bananas and air-; fields. Share About Equally Yet Foreign Economic Adminis- trator T. Crowley estimated that, on the basis of the proportion of gross national production devot- ed to defeating common enemies, this country and her principal allies share financial burdens of the war about equally. "In he said in a quarterly report to congress on lend-lease operations, "a pool of resources has been created into which contribu- tions are placed and from which withdrawals are made as the de- mands of the many fighting fronts dictate. "Each of our major fighting part- ners is contributing fully from its resources to the defeat of the axis powers, through the contributions of each differ with the circumstances of war and the resources that are available." "Must Stand Together" In a statement marking the an- niversary, Undersecretary of State Stettinius described lend-lease as a "vital expression of the most im- portant principle in international re- principle that free na- tions must stand together to pre- serve their freedom." Tabulations were complete up to the end of last year. They showed total lend-lease aid of 000 and a monthly average now over a billion dollars. The next re- port IE expected to show a total of aboat for a full three years' operations. For 1943 alone it was nearly against in 1942 and in 1941. Planes, tanks, guns, ships and other munitions accounted for near- ly of the industrial materials for and farm products and such services as ship repairing- and ferrying of aircraft for 000 each. Many services were performed in this country and some of the goods turned over to allies had not gone overseas, so that lend-lease exports at the end of 1943 added up to Russia Got 27% The United Kingdom got about 42 per cent of the exports and Russia 27 per cent. Reverse lend-lease came primarily from the British commonwealth o1 nations, but Crowley noted that Russia and China need all they can produce, plus what we have been able to send them, to fight invaders on their own soil. Einstein Stumped By Income Tax Form Princeton, N. J. is world-famous as a mathematician but Prof. Albert Einstein says he forced to call in a tax expert to help him -work out the complex income tax form. Of his reaction to the income tax form he said last night, "This is a question too difficult for a mathe- matician. It should be asked of a philosopher." Einstein's theory of relativity is supposedly understood by only seven persons in the world. Pope Will Speak to Italian Refugees BRITAIN TELLS EIRE IT BACKS U, S, REQUEST Tribune FLAG at fund-raising, this group of Red Cross war fund supporters tri their hand at flag-raising at a, nt. today when in a brief ceremony on the roof of a building of the Biron division of Consolidated Water Power and Paper company a large Red Cross flag was raised beneath the Stars and Stripes to signify that the Biron division was the first large group in the industrial and labor category in south Wood county to enroll 100 per cent of its membership in the war fund drive which ends tonight. In the front row, left to right, are Ed Klappa, solicitor for local No. 187; Jack Sullivan, president of the Pulp and Sulphite Workers' local No. 94 and chief war fund solicitor of the Biron division; Catherine Hay dock, secretary of the Biron war fund drive; Leo J. Barrette, chairman of the labor and industry division of the south Wood county war fund drive; Paul A. Herman, solicitor for the Pulp and Sulphite Workers; Warren Beadle, manager of the Biron division and George Welton, solicitor for Paper makers' local No. 187. In back, holding the Red Cross banner, are left, Teofil Sabota of Machinists' local No. 655 and right, Brayton Ochs of the Electrical Workers' local No. 1147. Medium Bombers Raid Florence For 1st Time; English Shell Korcula Allied Headqquarters, Naples British destroyers have shelled towns on Korcula island off the Dalmatian coast, reported occupied by large numbers of Germans, headquarters an- nounced today. FAMOUS AUTHOR, HISTORIAN DIES Three Massive Soviet Armies Push Forward great Sov- iet armies, rolling forward through the mud and water of the southern Ukraine, have shattered German lines over a 500-mile front in a mammoth drive to clear the enemy from all southern Kussia, Moscow dispatches reported today. The drive was brought into sharp focus by yesterday's announcement that a third offensive had been launched in that Marshal Ivan S. Konev's Second Ukrainian army. Kill Germans Moscow said his forces had broken through enemy defenses on a 109-mile line southwest of Cher- kasy, killing Germans, cap- turing more and liberating more than 300 towns and villages, including the pivotal stronghold of Uman less than 30 miles northwest of the Bug river. Fourteen German Restaurant, Tavern Ceiling Price Meeting Restaurant and tavern owners of this'vicinity are urged by the local war price and rationing board to at- tend a meeting in the city hall here next Thursday at p. m., at which time W. C. Stoveken, price specialist of the district OPA office at Green Bay will explain restaurant maximum price regulation 6-2, which went into effect March 6, 1944. The price order referred to was one fixing ceiling prices on restaur- ant meals at the levels of April 4-10, IJW3, and fixing tavern ceiling prices at March, 1942 New The bells of all Rome's churches -will peal for five minutes on Sunday morning immediately preceding the appear- ance of Pope Pius XII on St. Peter's balcony to speak to refugees from southern Italy on the fifth anniver- sary observance of his coronation, the Vatican radio said last night The pope will speak at a. m. The ceremonies will be broadcast by the Vatican radio on wave lengths of 50.26 and 30.06 meters starting at the an- nouncement said. Car and Truck Are Damaged in Crash A truck, driven by Harold Zim- merman of Vesper, making a left turn onto county trunk M, was hit by a car driven by Elmer S. Oertel, Route 1 Arpin, at p. m. Thurs- day. As Zimmerman attempted to turn left, Oertel tried to pass him and struck the truck on the front end hitting the fender and bumper. His own car was damaged on the right and front side. Damage was esti- mated at proxirnately men were rout- ed in this five-day drive, the Russian communique said. They included seven infantry, six tank and one ar- tillery divisions. "The true scale of this German defeat can be judged from the huge quantities of trophies captured by our the Soviet bulletin said. "Weapons, equipment and military supplies were strewn on the whole course of the road from the Cniloi Tikich river to the town of Uman. All the roads were packed with enemy tanks, self-propelled guns, armored troops carriers and trucks." May Spell Doom Konev's tremendous southern lunge, covering from 25 to 50 miles since last Monday, possibly spelled the doom of the enemy's Dnieper bend forces. Spearheads of his army, exploiting their success, were already driving the Germans back upon the Bug river line, further to the west, and clearing out German positions to the southeast in the direction of Kirovograd. On Konev's right, Marshal Greg- ory K. Zhukov's First Ukrainian army was storming into southern Poland across the severed Odessa- Moscow trunk railway. Yesterday A communique said the bombard- ments were carried out Wednesday night and that "in spite of accurate fire from enemy shore batteries our ships sustained neither casualties nor British light coastal forces at- tacked a small vessel farther in- shore, between the eastern end of Hvar and the mainland, leaving it abandoned and in flames, the bulle- tin added. Clash of Patrols The ground bulletin said eighth army patrols clashed with the Ger- mans at many points in Italy and that two small Nazi thrusts were repulsed by Indian forces. Fifth army troops engaged in patrols on both the main front and on the beachhead below Rome. Medium bombers attacked Flor- ence for the first time today, hit- ting at the important railway cent- er supplying the German front in Italy. A headquarters statement declar- ed the allies had been reluctant to attack Florence because of its artis- tic importance, but "there is no doubt, however, that the Germans have made deliberate use of our re- Use Most Experienced Crews The statement said only the most experienced crews were used for the operation against the city 140 miles north of Rome, and 8 'every Greenwich, Hend- rick Van Loon, 62, his- torian and author, died today at his home in Old Green-wich. Native of Holland Van Loon, native of Holland anc devoted to the cause of the Dutch in the current war, was the organi zer of a short wave radio program directed to Holland from station in Boston, which made him known in his homeland as "Uncle Hank." The program subsequently was sponsored' by the free Nether lands government. Van Loon, author of "The Story of was best known for his ti-eatment of history as a sim pie story, told in simple tenns. He was a prolific writer of voluminous tones on a limitless variety of sub- jects. Van Loon, during the first Worlc war, -was an Associated Press staff man, first in Washington and then as a foreign correspondent. He covered the 1906 revolution in Rus- sia. He was in Belgium in 1914 and spent the next four years cov- ering the war in eight different na- tions. Warns of Invasion On May 8, 1040, Van Loon was responsible for a notable news bea by the Associated Press, an an- nouncement, 48 hours before th event, that the German army was on the verge of invading the Neth- erlands, ending the so-called "phoney war" and beginning the campaign resulted in collapse of allied armies in western Europe. All that day Van Loon had been in communication with Dutch auth- orities, and had offered his estate at Old Greenwich, near here, as a 8 has informed Eire that it "fully supported" the United States' request for the removal of German and Japanese diplo- mats and consular representa- tives from Ireland, it was dis- closed today. The text of the correspond- ence disclosed that the British 'Vish to emphasize the impor- tance which they attach to his In answer, De Valera merely sent he British government a copy of he reply he had given the United States. The Irish in Dublin were report- ed giving enthusiastic approval to- day to De Valera's rejec- tion of a United States request for closing German and Japanese di- )iomatic offices in Eire, but the British press strongly deplored the )rime minister's action. Jaily Mirror's View "There is every reason to be- ieve that America does not intend to regard the matter as said the London Daily Mirror. "Brit- ain, although not taking part in the present negotiations is expected to act jointly with America in taking any steps considered necessary." Advices from Dublin, although pointing out that the Irish people were determinedly behind De Valera in desiring to continue their neu- trality, said Dubliners were aware t would be possible for the United States to apply economic sanctions in an effort to force closing of the axis listening posts in Eire. A great part of the country's food is im- ported and it Jacks ships. "Want No Invitation" One qualified Dublic source said "the people in Eire are in no mood at this stage of the war to invite possible Nazi raids against the country by such a slap in Hitler's face." "The government's repiy repre- sents the will of the Irish said the Irish Free Press. In Belfast, staff members of the Irish Daily Telegraph said the peo- ples of northern Ireland generally endorsed the American request be- cause they "know how easy it is to collect information from our camps Rumor Nads Have Shifted Capital to Town of Breslau Naples Unofficial but trustworthy reports said today that' allied bombers had forced the Ger- mans to move their capital from Berlin to Breslau, 175 miles to the southeast. The move from bomb-battered Benin tegan quietly several weeks ago. And now most of the govern- ment functions are carried out at the new Silesian headquarters, it was said. While a more difficult target than Berlin, Breslau itself is not out of reach ot American and British long-range hombers, lying approxi- mately 680 miles from Britain's coast and 670 miles from Foggia airport in Italy. Thus it is within of Flying Fortresses, Libera- tors, SUi'lings, Lancasters, Hali- faxes and Mosquitos. These planes might have to strike without fighter protection on the last !eg of such a long hop, how- ever, and also would have to con- tend with concentrations of German fighters in the Berlin area both com- ing and going. Rreslau is about 5TO miles from the nearest point on the Russian front.' and this shipyards hack into here Eire and to take for transmis- sion to the axis." British Coal Strike Hits Steel Plants YANK MARINES SEIZE TALASEA Allied Headquarters, Southwest Allied troops are ad- vancing all around the Bismarck sea while the Japanese, without any luck, finally are trying to choke off at the source the daily air attacks on their dying base of Rabaul, New Britain, The main allied victory reported today by General Douglas Mac- Arthur was the capture by U. S. marines of the Talasea airfield and Red Cross War Fund Qoal Is Reached Here-, Total At precisely this emblems may be displayed properly his troops in the captured Krasilov Proskurov area 15 miles to the north, further narrowing a German escape route towards Rumania. They also swept up several towns along the Bug river in a lunge toward Vinnitsa. HAS UNIQUE SERMON Shawano, Rev. H. A. Block, pastor of the Salem Evangelical church at Red River, expects to preach to an attentive congregation tomorrow, as well as in the future. His text will be "Why People go, to Sleep in Church." when the contribution from Ahda- wagam local No. 105 was recorded at the campaign office, South Wood county achieved its 1944 Red Cross war fund quota of At that moment, the total reported was "Once more South Wood county has come through with flying declared Dwight H. Teas, war fund chairman, and to symbolize the achievement in the various com- munities Red Cross flags which had been held in readiness for the event were simultaneously unfur't'd. Flags Hand-Made The large fiags were hand-made by volunteer workers of the sewing corps, special sen-ices division of the local Red Cross chapter, and were furnished without cost to be flown on flagstaff-? in this city, Port Ed- wards, Nekoosa and Biron. As the entire month of March has been de- signated as Red Cross months, these in public.from now until April 3. By noon today, with half a day left before the drive officially closes, the total had risen to One new division exceeded its quota today, "unclassified." This group includes all persons who arc not in- cluded in the other five groups, such as retired persons, salesmen for out- of-town concerns, and wives of ser- vicemen if they are not employed. Approach Quotas The clubs and lodge came to with- in 75 cents of their quota today, re- porting rural and public employes divisions nearly doublet! their contributions overnight In- dustries and organized labor, which have a quota more than double that of any other group, are now less than short of reaching it. The Red Cross war fund offices in the Mead-Witter building will re- main open all day Monday to check in late donations, although the drive here ends officially tonight. Today's table of contributions is as follows: Division Quota Industries and organized labor----------? COMMERCIAL ___________________ Public employes-----------------------------. 500 Rural _____________________________ 950 Clubs and lodges--------------------------- 400 UNCLASSIFIED 550 Total to Date 470.60 730.80 39D.25 652.GO The jiccl and tin- plate plants of Wales, important to Britain's war production, announc- ed today that their operations would be crippled within the next few clays unless deliveries are resumed from the coal mines, virtually paralyzed by a spreading strike in which 000 workers have quit the pits. "Those controlling heavy indus- tries in the area have taken every possible step to reduce coal con- t-artl Lewis Jones, labor membcr nf parliament and secre- tary of the South Wales Steel as- sociation. "The .shortage has resulted in stocks being kept down to a mini- mum, and unless there is an al- most immediate calling off oE the 'miners' strike it will be impossible frir tho works tt> carry on produc- tion more than a few days." All but peven of the 202 collieries in the South Wales district now an- idle. Miners left two more today In the West Wales anthracite field, and the walkout extended to three more in North Wales, where men arc idle. Several hundred more also walk- ed out of the North England Dur- ham mines, and another Scottish mine closed, bringing the number of strikers in Scotland to Tiic government ordered deliveries (o homes, offices, and small fac- tories in six South Wales counties and in Monmouthshire to be cut at once to two long hundredweight (224 pounds) for the rest of this month. The previous allowance had been five long hundredweight per month. Urgent appeals to resume work at once, ending this worst wartime strike which is costing Britain 000 tons of coal weekly, were made by officials of the mine union fed- eration and members of parliament from the coal field districts at a Cardiff mpeting of 250 delegates of union locals. village, 170 miles from Rabaul, on the north New Britain coast, Advance Against Japs U. S, soldiers, at the same time, were disclosed to have pushed ahead three and one-half more miles against Japanese opposition on Los Negros island in the strategic Ad' miralty group. Other advances along the northeast New Guinea coast above Saidor put allied forces near- er than ever to Itfadang. Less strategically important than the Talasea fighting, but more striking, was the Japanese effort at this late date to knock out the air- fields used by allied planes attack- ing These airdromes, inside the allied perimeter at Empress Augusta bay on Bougainville island in the north- ern Solomons, were shelled by Jap- anese artillery. Some shells hit the south end of the Piva fighter strip just as a formation of planes was landing. All planes escaped dam- age. Damage Field Hospital One Japanese shell, however damaged an American field hospital but failed to hit any of its occupants. The shelling brought a violent re- action against the Japanese. Allied planes plastered suspected gun positions with 50 tons of bombs. This was not the only sign of shown by thii large btit isolated enemy garrison on Bougainville. Un dcr cover of a heavy rainstorm patrols of Japanese jungle fighter? slipped through American barbed wiru and seized several machine gun pillboxes on high ground. American artillery countered thi thrust ami other Japanese maneu vcrs by pouring rounds int oncmy positions. SPY ACTIVITIES ENDANGER MANY ALLIED SOLDIERS Washington Dras- tic measures to safeguard al- lied invasion preparations in Britain from axis espionage were expected today to follow Prime Minister De Valera's re- fusal of an American request that Ireland oust German and Japanese diplomats accused of heading a spy ring. t The need for early and de- cisive action to keep enemy agents from further enlarging their knowledge of allied plans for the second front assault on Europe was emphasized by an official statement that because of spy activities based on Ireland "not only the success of the operations but the lives of thou- sands of United Nations' soldiers are at stake." Make Note Public The American case was set forth in a note made public by Secretary of State Hull last night in which De Valera was urged to expel all axis diplomats and consular officials from his country. At the same time the Irish lega- tion here released the text of De Valera's reply, turning down the ap- peal. De Valera claimed Ireland's counter-spy methods were effective and asserted that no American lives would be lost "through any indiffer- nce or neglect of its duty" on the art of his country. )ther Main Points He also made two other main oints: That explosion of German nd: Japanese officers would be a irst step toward to war with he axis, which his country is deter- mined not to do; and that he had re- ceived assurances from the United States that it did not intend invad- ng Ireland. Thus for the first time it was of- Fourth Swancutt Victim Is Dead Riverside, Calif. (.PI Capt Aubrey Sorlliiip. shot, allegedly b; a folbw officer Sunday night, die a pcrvice pistol which a coroner' jury said was held by Second Lt Beaufort G. Swancutt, La Crosse Wis. 'Hie latter was reported recover- ing from -gun wounds inflicted by civil policemen, am! army officials said he would face a court martial when he is able to be brought into court. Also dead are Dorothy Doug- las, and LouHine Ltvermore, each Jfl. and Policeman Arthur Simpson. Three other victims of the shoot- ing were reported recovering. !kially revealed how gravely the Dublin government had viewed events of the past few weeks, during which the world knew only that Ire- and had been swept by waves of nvasion jitters. Other Possible Measures Several further measures appear o be open to the United States and Britain, which had backed the American request to the limit. All 8 Vo New Scarlet Fever Cases in Two Weeks In spite of five cases of scarlet fever being reported, there is no epidemic of that disease in the city, according to Dr. F. X. Pomainville, city health officer, and Miss Mary Zapp, school nurse. The cases were reported over two weeks ago and no new cases have been discovered since that date. Dr. Pomainville thanked the teachers and parents for their cooperation in reporting the cases so that any danger of an epidemic might be checked. Meeting For Office Workers On Tuesday Office workers of Kekoosa, Wis- consin RRpids. Port Edwards and Biron are invited to a mass meet- ing in the courthouse here Tuesday night, p. in., sponsored by Cen- tral Labor union here. Pat Rogers, A. F. of L. represent- ative, wil! speak. The meeting is a follow-up of a meeting here a fort- night ago when a new office worker local was organized. DIK.< IN CAR CRASH Two Emmett Purochcr, 18, son of Mr. and Mrs. William Puroeher, of Two Rivers, was killed today when his automo- bile skidded on ice on Highway 42 near here and struck a tree. The youth was employed at the Manito- woc Shipbuilding company and was on his way to work. Coroner Theo- dore Teitgen said there would be no inquest. THE WEATHER BRITISH SUBS ACTIVE (IP) British subma- rines, attacking enemy convoys at- tempting to keep open the supply route between Germany and Nor- way, have sunk four supply vessels and damaged five others, the admir- alty announced tonight. Tech. Huber, Wounded Jan. 14, Back On Duty Tech. Francis Huber, son of llr. and Mrs. Jake Huber, 1010 Washington street, has been re- turned to active duty in the New Britain area, according to a letter received today by his parents from the adjutant general in Washington. Technician Huber was reported wounded in action on January 14, and had been confined in a hospital in the South Pacific tret. For Wisconsin: Cloudy with in- termittent tight rain or snow, changing to light snow north and west portions to- night, and flur- ries Sunday. Colder north and west portions to- night, becoming muclt colder Sunday, and northwest portion late tonight. Wind 25-35 MPH. Today's Weather Facts- Maximum temperature for 24- hour period ending at 7 a. m., 40; minimum temperature for 24-hour period ending at 7 a. m., -3; temper- SNOW ature at 1 a. m., .09, 39. Precipitation.
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