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Democratic State Register (Newspaper) - July 30, 1850, Watertown, Wisconsin DEMOCRATIC VOLUME I, tnte Devoted to the interests of the Democracy ol Jefferson and Dotlgc counties and the Mate generally. IVS11T TUKSOAY HOUNIWO, WATERTO.WN AND DODGE CENTRE, WISCONSIN, TUESDAY, JULY 30, 1860, NUMBER 21. At Watertown, Jtffe.rs.nn County, anil Dodge Centre, Doigt Cuunty, Wisconsin. E. B. QtritfER, Proprietor. One Dollar and Filty C'onts in advance, if not paid within three months Two Dollars will be charged. Twenty-five eta. in addition to the aljove prices, if the paper is loft by the cairier. package of ten or more papers sent to one post office, at the rate of OXE DOLLAR PER YEAR, invariably in advance. above tcims will tic strictly adhered to. ADVIUTISI-KO For one squat c of 12 lines or less, three insertions and 25 cents for each subsequent insertion. YEAiti.7 one column three-fourths of a column half column f'JO; quarter column JU, with privilege of changing quarterly. Professional and Business Cauls, four Hues or less S3 per year. ICr Legal and transient advertisements to be paid iuvariithly lit advance. Communications and Remittances by mail m iistbc postpaid to injure attention. Printing, Of all descriptions ami in the most style, executed with despatch and with the materials, ai we intend to keep ourselves sujvpl ed with the modern styles of Ctnn and FAXCV Jnu TITE, and iave the necessity of going to Mil- .folin Charles Fremont. The feet of throe men have pressed the slopes of the Rocky Mountains, whoso names are associated forever with those vast ranges: tlumboldt, the Nestor of scientific travellers; Audubon, the in- terpreter of nature, and Fremont tho path-finder of empire, Each has done much to illustrate the Natural History of North America, and to develops its illim- itable resources. The youngest of all is likely to become as illustrious as either, for fortune has limccd his name with n scene in the history of the Republic, as startling to the world as the first an- nouncement of its existence. To his hands was committed the magnificent tas.K of opening the golden gates of our Pacific Empire. His father was an emi- grant gentleman frem France, and his mother a lady fiom Virginia. Although his death left his son, an orphan in his fourth year, he was thoroughly educated; and when at the age of seventeen, he graduated at Charleston College, he con- tributed to tho sapport of his mother and her younger children. From teaching math'ematici, he turned his attention to mankind. He'was now a private citizen, and H poor man. Charleston offered him a lucrative office, which he refused. He had been brought a criminal from Cali- fornia, where he had been explorer, Conqueror, Peace-maker, Governor. He determined to retreive his honor on the field where he had been robbed of it. machinery used for ploughing near the rows, A plough drawn with a two horse team, with 'double whiffle trees, cannot safely approach uearcr than three feet to a, tree, and every ploughman dreads a task which is commonly attended with mutilated bark on one hand, and with grassy on the other. A great One line more would complete his se- J improvement is made by placing- one ries of route for a great horse ahead of the ottief, with short roac ftom tile (Mississippi to San Fran- single whiffle trees, especially if the cisco. Again he appeared on the far draught traces of the hinder horse are West. His old Mountaineers flocked J considerably lengthened to allow run- around him, and with 33 men, and 130 j ning to right or left. mules, perfectly equipped, he started for I A wide error is committed in cultiva- the Pacific. On the Sierra San Juan all ting orchards by those who forget that jj his mules and a third of his men perished j roots extend far beyond the circle meas- a] in a more than Russian cold; and Fre-'ured by the branches. The whole sur- mont arrived on foot at Santa Fe, stripped face of the ground is covered by the net- of everything but life. It was a moment work of tho roots, where full grown trees for the last pang of despair which breaks stand twenty or thirty feet apart. The of the United States.and on the 4th. March 1849, he entered upon the duties of the office. the heart, or the moral heroism which conquers fate itself. The men of the Wilderness knen Fremont; they refitted his expedition; he started again; pierced the country of the fierce and remorseless Apaches; met, awed or defeated savage tribes; and inahundred days from Santa Fe, he stood on the glittering banks of thu Sacramento. The men of California reversed the judgment of the ccurt-mnr- tial; and Fremont was mude the first to got work done. Cooks, Pamphlets, his assistant in the survey of Labels, Ball '.Tickets, etc, etc. done to order. Blanks, Deeds, Mortgages, kc. on hand at the usdtil prices. OFFICE WEST SIDE OF TI1T. ttlVKR. civil engineerimr, in which he displayed gcrmtol. of the Golden Stale. It was a so much talent, that he was .tccommendod by Mr. Poinselt, Secretary of War, to E. B. QUINKR, Notary Public for JefTorson County. Deeds and other Instrument's drawn and acknow- ledged. I. NOYES, PHYSICIAN" SUKGKOX. Office at his house cist ol Catlio- lic Church, upon tic south Main-all cet WALES EMMONS, Attorney and Counsellor at nnd Solicitor in Chanctry. Watertown. "E Oflicc in Cramers Block, T A TTORN'EV and Co-aiscllor at LEW, Ot- Kuil's bioader and Tinsmith i-hop, West S. P. IMiyctiClaa stud Surgeon, Office over the New York Storo, April 1C. 7 1'ETERSON Co. Wliolcs.de and retail Rollers in Dry Uio- j Bocls ami biiocs, Pool.' nnd Stationery, U'oodeuiVair1, Hard Ware, Carpenters' unil Tools, Nails. S.iMi, Putty, <'sc So. DUTCH W.VTI.HTOV v. .._. L. W. pENTSON, .M. TX.tenucrs his ional services to the inhabitant ol JelicvMi.i and i- cinity. door nortn 01 Uic Jefferson ifoiue. the basin of the Upper Two years was he with that learned man in his field labors, nnd he won his applause and friendship. On his return to Washington, ho continued his services to the Geographer, foi two years longer, in drawing i.p from his field book, the great map which unfolded to science the vast tract thev had explored. T.i.rsting for adventure1, he planned the first of those distant and perilous expeditions which have given lustre to his name. Having received a lieutenant's commis- sion in the corps of Topographical En- gineers, he proposed to tho Secretary of Wat to penetrate the Rocky Mountains. His plan approved, nnd in 1842, with a handful of men gathered on the Missouri frontier, ho reached rind explor- ed ttic South He achieved more than his instruction required. He not only ft ted tho locality and character of that great Puss through which myriads are now pressing to da- fined the astronomy, geography, botany, geology, and meteorology of tho country, ami designated the route since followed, arid the points from which the Flag of tho Union is now flying from a chain of wilderness fortresses, llis report was printed by the Sonate translated into loreirvn languages, and the Scientific World looked on Fremont as ono of its Lnpatient, however, for more hazardous fields, planned a naw Expedition to tho distant Territory of Oregon. Ills first had cai lied him lo the summits of the Rocicy Mr untams, W ilk us had surveyed th? tide water regions of the Columbia river; 'ivUveen the tv.-o explorers lay a tract of n thousand miles, which a blank in j Geography. In May, he left the frontier of Mis.jntm, and in November he on Fort Vancouver, with tho calm noble tribute to Science and Heroism. larger and more obvious rods, it is true, are near the base of tho trunk; but all the finer ones, which so largely contribute nourishment, are spread at great distan- ces. Hencu all orchards which have made some years of growth, should have the whole surface cultivated and kept mellow, and not narrow stripes or small circlesjust ntthc foot of the tivator, for July. of 'ff'uylor ami Fill- more. LIU LI J Ull bt IU1 (liru f 4 His name is identified forever, witii some We reproduce from the popular biog- of the most gratifying passages in Amer- ican history. His miles of wil- derness explorations in tho midst of the inclemencies of Nature, and the feroci- ties of jealous and merciless tribes; his powers of endurance in a slender farm; his intrepid coolness in the most appall- ing clangers; his magnetic sway over unenlightened, and snvagc men; his vast contributions to science; his controlling energy in the extension of our empire; his lofty and unsullied ambition; his magnanimity, humanity, genius, suffer- ings and heroism; make all lovers of progress, learning and virtue rejoice that Fremont's services have been rewarded by high civic honors, exhaustless wealth, and the admiration ar.d gratitude of man- kind. Cultiv raphies, current about the time of tho last presidential election, the principal events in the lives of General Taylor and Vice President Fillrnore, to which the death of the former, at this time lends a new interest. GBN. ZACHVRY TAYLOG.J (President of the United States.) was born in Or.ingv Heads for fruti Some writer, no matter who, gives the iollowing recommendation for the shape of fruit trees. They are commended to all who raise such trees. It is said to te much better to grow fruit trees with their heads and branches near the ground, than to have them branch- ing over head, for various reasons. 1st The sun, which is, perhaps, in our hot and dry Summers, the cnitse of more diseases and destruction to fruit trees than all other diseases together, is kept from almost literally scalding the as it does in long, naked trunks and limbs. The limbs and leaves of a tree should always effectually shade the trunk and keep it cool. The leaves only should have plen- ty of sun and light; they can bear and profit hy it. If trees were suffered to branch out low, say one or two feet from the ground, we should hear much less of the 'fire -frozen sap black spots, and the Kite. 2d. The ground is looser, moister, and cooler under a low branching tree than tinder n high one. G'rass and weeds io not grow a hundredth part so rank ond mulching becomes unnecessa- ry. 3d. The wind has' not half the pov.fr to rack, twist, nnd break the tree, and shake off the fruit; a matter of no incon- siderable consequence. 4th. The trees will bo much longer liv- ed, and more prolific, bf-autifui.and prof- itable. 5th. The trees are mote easily rid of county, Virginia, in 1790. His father! destructive insects, the fruit is much IL-SS Colonel Taylor, served in the war of the by falling, and the facilities for revolution, and in 1700 emigrated from Virginia to Kentucky, where ho bore a conspicuous pan in tho labors anil strug- gles of the early settlers. In May, 1808, Zachaiy Taylor, was comtiissionecl a Lieutenant in the 7th regiment of U. S. Infantry. In 1812 ho was made captain, and placed in corn- gathering it it are much greater; there is less danger of climbing, and less of break- ing limbs. The trees require less pruning. scraping, and washing, ami the roots are ptotected from the plow, which is too often mads to tear and mutilate them. These seem to bo indisputable facts suf- mand of Fort Harrison, on the W abash. ficiem to silence all objections. An ap- When the war with Great Britan corn- i l'le or cherry tree is nearly twice as val- u on STICK TO m'atter what your business it be to it ttnd you will mnke ft good living, if not become rich. Any pursuit follow- ed fo'r a dozen years will make a man in- always that he is prudent himself and has a wife who5 lakes care of what is carried into the house. How many engage in business, drive it pell mellfura year or two, and then abandon it for some other scheme, to be driven as fiercely nl first, and to be givsn vip ns soon! No wondor so few beeorno independent. A mnn must ttick to it for years, before he will begin to realize much. A mechanic, who is now worth at least thirty thousand dollars, just remarked to l.ave bi'en on this spot more than five anil twenty ye.irs, and never had n desire to change my business.' Slicking to it was the so- j t-s away, and you'sec the men full of cret cf Ki.s for, to our certain intellectual dignity. In
well as every good farmer treats bis corn and cabbages, "But we cannot afford to give so much attention to our rich mnn only can do says the laboring Whai! not afford to be economical? Tne man of small means is the very person to save his trees after he has paid for them; he is the very man who should not spend his coin to have feeble and fruitless orch- plannirnr a third Expedition while writ' j ards. Let him buy half iho number and a hiwtory of the second; and before apply the other half of the purchase __ ._. -i building, ppprnsvtc .mtcrfc Hotel A. K. VAN IX Physician and Surgeon, Altaian, Jefferson Co. W WM. C. FOUNTAIN, Wholesale Druggist and Manufacturing Apoth- ecary, East side of the uver, Watertown. Books, Stationery.Peiiocliciils, furnished to order, on notice, and reasonable terms Bedsteads, to order, and war- anted to suit; fiiriiinlisd nt tho shortest notice. Shop, corner of Main and Third-streets, "Watertown, _ CALIFORNIA bourn) fo. California, and wishing theit lives insured, can be accommodated by its publication, in 1845, he was again on his wny to the Pacific, collecting his mountain comrades, to examine in detail, the Asiatic slope of the N. A. Continent, which resulted in giving- a volume of new Sciences to tho world und Oalitoinla lo tho U. States. Wo cannot trace his achievements during the war with Mex- ico, nor will future times inquire how many, nor how great battles he fought. After the conquest of California, Fre- mont was made the victim of a quarrel between two American Like Columbus, he was brought home a prisoner, over the vast territories he, had explored: stripped by a Court Martial of his commission as Lieut. Colonel of Mounti-u Riflemen, and re-instnted by eaUingon the -Jdilwakee. feb. 30, 1650. KaatAVatKr Htreet, J. A. NO'QMAN. money in taking raru of what he has, arid he will soon become tho gainer the operation. It is however, n great mis- take to suppose that much expense is needed. Enriching tho land is Jargly paid for by the heavy crops of potatoes, carrots, and rutabagas which grow be- tween the rows when the trees arc small and by the equally heavy and more val- uable loads ofiipc fmitproltisely yielded afterwards. The expense of ploughing once a year, and harrowing fourtimcs, is perhaps not half the first cost of the orch- ard, to say nothing of the crops afforded; while it soon renders it quadruple the value of the neglected plantntion. Why do not farmers apply tho same wit and wisdom to tho management of their orch- Mexican general to evacuate bis posts on the river which he refused lo do. On the 1st of May he left his intrenchraents opposite open the commu- nication with Point Isabel. On the 8lh of May, on his return to relievo Fort Brown, which was bombarded by the Mexicans, he was encountered by of the enemy at Palo Alto, whom he de- feated. Hia force consisted of'2100 men. The next day, the 9th. he again met them at Resacu (Jo la Pal in a, and after a bnrd-loiicrht battle, routed them with great slaughter, and took posession of Matamoras. These two signal victo- ries, obtained with such disparity of force produced an enthusiastic admiration of General and of bis gallant com- panions in arms. On the of September, ho assaulted Monterey, n fortified city of Mexico, which, niter a desperate resistance, capitulated. On the February, 1847, with a force consisting of fjOOO men, (General Wool being second in encounter- ed the Mexicans at Buena Vista, under Santa Anna, strong, and totally defeated them. On the 14th February, 1849, on the examination of the elector- al votus for President and Vice Proficient, he was declared duly elected President of the United States, and was inaugurat- ed tho 4th of March following-, HON. MILLIARD FILT.MORE, Vice Pres- ident of tho United Slates, was born in Summer Hill.Caynga county New York January 7th, 1800.' His father Nathan- iel Fillmore, is a farmer still living in Erie county, New York. Mr. Fillmore spent four years, in early life, in working at the clothiern liMde, nnc] during that time do vo- ted al! his leisure hours to reatlingand stu- dy. At th ehgo of nineteen, he attracted the attention of.fudge Wood, olCuyuga county, who took him into his oft'ice. Tn 1821, he removed to Buffalo, and entered n law office, teaching lor his mairttenanc until he was licensed to prac- tice in tho court of common pleas. In 1837, he was admitted an attorney of the supreme court of the state of New York. In 1S29, ho was elected a member of thu Assembly from Erie county, and was twice re-elected. He was elected to Con- gress in the 1832, arid after thu ex- payment said to have been subsequently made by England, was to (lie original owners of the debts, who represented that the breaking nut and result of ihe Amer- ican revolution, prevented them from realizing what Galphin promised to pny them fur their claims. Some rich developments are daily mnde by both whigs ami democrats in reference to ihc'se Gtalphin nnd Chicka- saw swindles, and in duo time the peo- ple will be m.-ide acquainted with facts in these cuset. Those who now support the cabinet will open their eyes by aiul by. without employing the power ef power migbtaa well cast hie net in a mountain top expect to catch flies! The bentfita of advertising are inrtilcukble; mnnl in a newspaper of pood circulation which mty cost fifty dollars per annum, is the best find most judicious inveatment tlmtcnn bo mnde; it will in all eafetjpro- duw a neai profit of fivfe' per ce'ntl This is an age cf ana the rftrtchtni who would sell Itia goods anil wMrtf must tell the people where and what il to be had. or he will soon find himtelf sold by his more enterprising and liberal Jl. Fttrmtr. AMERICAN SIIIPFINO AND England was once rightly denomina- ted Queen of the Ocean.'1 This was no misnomer ten years ago; hut ,1- merican progress IMS changed the scale, and precedence is now yielded lo the United Smtcs, so far us the iuncuni of GOLD IN A laborer named William 8h.aw, examining an olJ uninhabited building in Appoqninimirik Hundred, Del., a few days iifro. thrust his handipikc into frninc of one cf tha windows and ga're it a wrench, tvheii ft perfect abonvr of got- den coin, of English caiife ptfnnfyy ilrnvii upon him, lo his lurprige ana dt- light. Upon a further examination be finally succeeded in collecting seven tired and eighty dollars, when be wrnt out to tell the newa. Another peraoni who in found more, malting upwards of ft 1000. They agreed then to keep tlio matter secret, but subai'qnent- ly Shaw thrniglit it his duty to it thn Pves'dent. Fremont needed justice ards that they do to their corn and clover i i "1X7 ctli 1-111 Irl tUour nnr urKun wionir retumeu his cornmis- defence was wo.'thy of a man genius and learning. During tho ninety days of his trial, his nights not mercy, a: sion. were given to science Thus ended his services to ihe not to crops? Why should they not, when many who, fortunately, havealready full grown orchards, get more in monied value from them than from all their farm besides? The difficulty is rendered greater in most cases by the very inconvenient piration of his term resumed the practice of his profession. In 1836he was again sent to Congress, nnd was subsequently re-elected for another term. During this' .session, he was placed at the hend of the committee of ways and means. In 1844 he was nominated by the whig party as theiv candidate for Governor. In 1847, he was elected Comptroller of the state. In 1748, he was elected Vice President A WRETCHED Brstrn Bee thus speaks of the appearance of Mrs. Webster and ln-r threo daughters at their late interview with the Governor and Lier.t. Governor of Massachusetts to plead for Professor Webster's life Mrs. Webster was dressed in deep moo rning. Her three daughters seemed sorrow-stricken and heart-broken, tilts. Webster ia evidently a woman of great and persevering to thu last. The eldest daughter exhibits, in a grout degree, the same valuable valuable during this most terrible strug- gle through which they have been called to pass. The other two do not look the same beautiful girls who testified in behalf of their father at the trial. Their charmingly healthful appearance luis been exchanged for one more sickly and stid. Mrs. Webster, in conversation with Lt, C4overnnr Ilced, said she and her daughter earnestly prayed for a commu- tation of her husband's sentence. His urcvious letters to the Council, she said, asking for a pardon, were written at her earnest solicitations. She strongly be- lieved in bis innocence, cr she would never have consented to their tion. "We feelassmoc! of thai; no doubts your sincerity, Mrs. saiJ Governor Briggs, who until now had sat a silent listener. "I feel that he must have, committed the deed in a mo- ment of great provocation. I cannot per- suade myself that it was continued Mrs he doated up- on his was a good, kind oh, sir, we earnestly hope and pruy you may find jt consistent with your duties to tha public, and con- sistent with the cause of justice and hu- manity, to save him and our whole fam- ily from the ruin and deep disgrace which threatens." The Lieut. Governor replied it) some- thing which she said. Mrs. Webster taking his words, looked earnestly, into bis face, her eyes streaming with tears and said, wilh a force we never shall for- you say, sir, it is impossible to commute his I can't tell you that, subject will try most conscientiously to serve yoxi, and save your husband. It is a most tonnage, is conci'rned. itre fieni as is clearly of old England in this, shown. The tonnage ot the I'nited States is now put down of Eng- land at proving our su- periority in this paiticuhir. Our mcrchnnt inar.iio has fur years ex- ceeded that of Ermland. Two VIMI-S public. The money lifts been in the Brink of Smyrna, to remain until ihret) referees determine whether liudcr or ihe owner of ihe house is Jed lo it The- Delaware Journa. Previous 10 Use Parson Rea- ding, ttictor of Sc Aim's Church, in named built thtt htniite irt which the gold was discovered. He wai ni) Engl.sh missionary sent out to propa- gate the Gospel in this country, by established cliurch, and Sy Uovermncnt at home some 60 or 80 round? sterling per annum. On out ol the War he eontmovd ttf since, there were nearly or quite seven hundred United States whale ships in the Pacific Ocean. The breaking out of the gold mania, in California, has, no doubt, reduced that number some, and will probably continue to do so; but it is a cheering reflection tli.it we who, seven- ty-five years ago, were agonizing beneath the chains of British bondage, have, in so short a from her the oftl-r up prayers for the King, which tAt congrcg.ttion objected to; and he intisfinj; upon it, rendering himself very odioaito the people, who finally thietteftetfto tjftfrf li.s h( use and destroy his life. It sup- posed therefore (hat he secreted thii gold from fmr, nnd nn hr died verv suddenlyt no one knew ol'ila although it underbiouil that he had gold hidden.' Sc-vi-i'iu iiierTcctunl searches were lii.t never uutil thu present time the treasure er, tha exhibiting ttkenuelrMnrttry clearly about the littU mMcMef you) why don't you go and your mother to 'Oh, she don't have time fnrthiti gfca to tewing and MM to it almost every day to make clotheVfort heathen, away offsomewbm t I reckon.' lb Philadelphia, from tWi the amount of gold delivered by sel at New York, on her trip, wu
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