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Stevens Point Journal, The (Newspaper) - September 28, 1907, Stevens Point, Wisconsin THE LATK SUSAN B. ANTHONY. Woman Suffrage a Live Issue By the Late Susan B Anthony f Last Half Century Has Seen Emancipation of mer Unjust Laws Regarding Married, She Could Not Hold Property Gradual Change of Public Opinion Anthony's Successful Fight for Married Women's Vote in Colo- rado. (Copyright, by Joseph B. Bowles.) (Susan B. Anthony's name Is known everywhere as that of one of the strong- est, cleverest women of the age. It ts synonymous wltli the marvelous evolution in the status of woman in which from the '40s until her death early In the present year she was the central tlgure. The transition of the young quaker girl, afraid of the sound of her own voice, into the reformer and orator is no more won- derful than the great change which have been brought about in the condition of women largely through her efforts.) into the union, Jn 1890. with this pro- vision in its constitution. Colorado m 1893 submitted to the voters the question of full enfranchise- ment, and it was carried by a major- ity of C.237. In the territory of Utah the women vpted on all matters from 1870 to 18S7. when they were arbitrarily disfran- chised by act of congress. In 1895 full suffrage was incorporated in tho con- stitution which was submitted to male voters only and received a large ma- jority. Utah therefore was admitted as a state in January. 1S96, with worn- en fully enfranchised. In Idaho, at the general election of 1896, a constitutional amendment giv- ing women full suffrage was submit- ted to the voters. It was indorsed by all four of the political parties and carried by a majority of In Kansas fn 1887 the legislature passed a bill by a vote of 25 to 13 In the senate, and 90 to 21 in the house, conferring the municipal franchise upon the women of the state. In Michigan in 1893 the legislature by a large majority gave municipal suffrage to women, hut the law was declared unconstitutional by the su- preme court. In Montana in 1889 women property owners were granted a vote on all questions submitted to taxpayers. This same right was incorporated in the new constitution of Louisiana in 1S98. Women can exercise this priv- ilege also in seven third-class cities in New York. In Iowa they may vote on questions of bonding the municipality; in Minne- sota for library trustees; in Delaware in four towns for commissioners; in Mississippi on several unimportant matters. In Arkansas they have a voice in local option. Half a century ago, when the agita- tion for woman suffrage was first com- menced, if success had the outlook for its been what it is to- day, the question would long since have been settled, the friction of the new regime smoothed away and the general public oblivious to the fact that there ever had been a struggle to bring all this about. The present gen- eration has not the slightest concep- tion of the conditions which at the time when the first demand was made that the ballot should be placed in the hand of woman. The wife who to-day rests secure in the ownership of the home and of all the property which comes to her, who manages It herself and enjoys the profits; the other one who, compelled to work lor wages to support her children, col- lects and uses them according to her judgment; the mother who, widowed by death or divorce, rejoices in the possession of her children; the wom- en who, In every possible vocation, are a livelihood and often a com- of these are in utter ig- norance of the efforts which were made by the women of the past to se- cure for them these privileges. We have now reached the point the antagonism against the rights of women is confined al- most wholly to that of the suffrage. In practically all other respects they are conceded and while some states are slow in changing their laws to con- form to the new dispensation the jus- tice of it is admitted and It will pre- vail universally in the near future, so far as the statutes are concerned. The battle henceforth must be for the franchise. The vital question thus becomes: What is the outlook for the ultimate success of this last con- test? Commencing with municipal suf- frage to widows and spinsters in 3869, England now grants to all women, on the same terms as to men, the full suffrage except the parliamentary vote. West Australia began with the municipal ballot In 3871; South Aus- tralia in 18SO; Xew Zealand in 1886. The full parliamentary suffrage was granted to women in New Zealand in 1893; in South Australia in 1895; in West Australia in 3900. The Isle of Man granted the full franchise in 3883. Every English colony has some form of woman suffrage. Forty-five, years ago In no part of the United States did women possess a shred of suffrage, save that in Ken- tucky widows could vote on school matters. In 1S61 Kansas gave this privilege to all women. In 1875 school suffrage was granted to women by Minnesota and Michigan; in 1876 by Colorado; in 1878 by New Hampshire and Oregon; in 1879 by Massachu- setts; In 1880 by New York and Ver- mont; in 1883 by Nebraska; In 1885 by Wisconsin; in 1887 by North and South Dakota, Arizona and New Jer- sey; in 1889 by Montana; in 1890 by Washington; in 1891 by Illinois; in 1893 by Connecticut; In 1894 by Ohio. In 1869 the territory of Wyoming gave full suffrage to women and, after 21 years' experience, the state came No one who examines these statis- tics can fail to see a steady advance in the direction of woman suffrage, with no retrogression. In only one single instance has the ballot been taken away from women after it was granted in the territory of Washington. This was done, after its legality had been three times declared by differ- ent legislature, through a despotic and most unjust decision of the supreme court, which was in direct contradic- tion to the organic act under which the territory was organized. The only logical conclusion must be that the .advance will continue, and this Is the more irresistible because women themselves are developing so rapidly in education, business ability, organized work, self-reliance and knowledge of public affairs. They are also becoming large property holders and taxpayers, and as such are de- manding a voice in questions directly affecting their financial claim which public sentiment is large- ly inclined to grant. The continued policy of om government has been to extend the suffrage, until now all classes of citizens are enfranchised, with the one and only exception of women. In natural sequence they must be the next to receive the ballot. As has been shown above, the line is already broken in. many places, and the movement under headway which must inevitably result In making all only to such restric- tions as apply to part of the electoral body. "But." the question will be asked, "can you find any encouragement in the defeats which the suffrage amend- ment has met when It has been voted on in the different Yes, de- cidedly. ment. always must be counted during the time they were classmate t.t the historic old college, has gon to Italy to spend the rest of his day with his "affinity" Miss Ward, th wealthy girl who won him from hi college sweetheart. Dr. Herron ha been unable to escape the tongue o scandal in America, so has taken th left by him and his wife b> Mrs. Ward aad gone to Florence Where such affairs are not so uncom mon as in America. After leaving Rl poii Dr. Herrou was driven from the pastorate of u church at Burlington la., because of his socialistic views and when he left his wife to trave with his "affinity" ho was dropped from the professorship of an Iowa col lege. He has now been abandonee even by his socialistic friends. COUNCIL TO MEET IN VAULT. Plan of Racine Body to Avoid Newtpa per Publicity. FOUR DIE IN AUTO WRECK. Prominent Elks Are Killed at Color- ado Springs. Colorado Springs, powerful racing automobile occupied by seven prominent Elks and chauffeur and built to hold qnly three passengers, while running at a terllic rate, crashed Into a telephone polo at the bottom of tho West Hurfando street hill here early Tuesday and was wrecked. Three of tho occupants were killed outright, a fourth died shortly aftci the accident and others were uioro or less seriously hurt. The bodies of the three dead wero mangled almost beyond recognition. The dead: John S. Grey, formerly of New York, killed outright; Britten L. Graves, druggist, died shortly afterward; VV. U. Ralaton, a dealer in electrical supplies, killed outright; H. Wlnnal, killed outright. The Injured are James English, George Buckley, F. H. Ward aud A. W. Markscheffol. The party had been to the Elks' clubhouse at Manltou to attend a so- at the manner in which some of his pet schemes an f the cities to the north and south. The Heymann Co. furnishes the fol- on proportional rates m merclwndlBe originating at points aat of Buffalo, Erie. Plttsburg, etc.: l-Votn Klrnt Second Third Fourth VfllwHiikec >HhknHli Ill 'In Luc 'O> Applfton, mth and Mfna- livMM. cliiHH. 2C.G 21 clann. J5 16 The haul to Appleton, Noenah and MenjiKhn Is longer than it Is to Osb- Yet the tales to thu three Itiei; on the lower Fox is approxl- ualely jujr cent. UJHH. official announcement has yet been tlon made of the name of the new minis- be available for Improvements. ter to Washington, ft Is understood that the determination has been reached to send Wu Ting Fang back Lotes Both Feet. in the Blue Eyed and Fair Skinned Indians. One of the mysteries of Mexico is presented by the Myea Indians, who Inhabit the Sierra Madre mountains in the lower part of Sonora. They have fair skins, blue eyes and light hair and students of ethnology have al- ways been puzzled to account for them. There is a tradition, however, that these Indians are the descendants of the crew of passengers of a Swedish vessel wrecked on the Mexican coast centuries before Columbus discovered the new world, but this tradition Is founded on nothing more substantial than a folklore tale current among them that their ancestors came over the Me Mlt water hundreds of New Head of Chester Asylum. Springfield, Deneen Fri- day appointed Dr. Cyrus H. Anderson, of McLeansboro, superintendent of ,he asylum for insane criminals Chester In place of Dr. Walter Singer, who died on Wednesday. at. E. Dr. H. L. Getz Stabs Himself. Marshalltown, H. L. Getz, former president of the International Association of Railway Surgeons, at- tempted suicide at the railway sta- tion at West Liberty by stabbing him- self over the heart. to that post, from which he was re- fmploy of the Western I'nlon, met called four years ago. with an accident whlrh rendered ner- I os.sary the amputation of both teet Employes Lose Dock Strike. I He. was standing on the main trac Galveston. The strike of tHe j Of railroad, expecting that th lOt o the government of Venezuela has paid Btorm that cleared the Monror over to the Belgian legationi al Cara- 'fair grounds where he was to cas Ihe first installment of the i a Mavor Hecker was 000 owed by Venezuela to Belgian an ovatlon ncultfes gave an address to a large creditors. Train Robbers Got Spokane. thousand dollars, mainly In large bills, is declared to have been secured by the robbers wbo held up the Great North- ern train near Rexford, Mont.. Sep- tember 12. crowd In 'he courthouse. War on Automobiles. In this vJcinlty have opened war on automobillsts. sev- eral malicious barricades of public ilghwayn having been laid within the last week. Frank Gerhauser Dead. Gerhauser, one of the br-st-known traveling men In Wis- consin and one of the oldest In point of service, died suddenly at his home here of inflammation of the lungs su- perinduced by the fracture of four ribs in an accident at Iron River four weeksi ago. Kick Against Railroad. H. G. Kreas has filed a complaint wlih the post office department at Washington demanding better service from the Northwestern railroad between Man- and Milwaukee. are Harvest Festival for Ripon. business men planning for a week brim full of at- tractions, September 2o to 28, when a street fair, harvest home festival and an industrial convention will be crowd- ed into hix days. Try to Float Half Million. city water com- mission having in charge the pur- chase of the plant of the City Water compan> expects soon to make a re- port regarding the floating of bonds of The city's present bond, Imit is Water-town Fair Opens. Watertown Inter- county fair opened here Tuesday, which was children's day. Two Wa- ertown bands and bands from Water- oo and Reesvllle music.
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