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Oshkosh Democrat (Newspaper) - January 23, 1852, Oshkosh, Wisconsin 1 THE D E M O C R A T WKEJSI.y, AT OSHKOill, WINNEBAGO COUNTY, WISCONSIN, BY JAMES UENSMORE. T T. RMS: To Village Subscribers, who have the pa- per left at their dwellings, a year. To Office ami Mul Subscribers, a year, payable in Most kinds of Produce will be taken in payment of subscription. iLr'Job Work of every description done in manner that will please our putrons. A HAND fo WOLCOTT, TTORNEY? and Co at aii'l Solici- in Chancery, Oslikosh, Wisconsin. Jatilii-4l> ALONZO SLOTfi CO., WHOJ.FS Drv Gooils, Groceries, Hardware, Hoots ami L'dinlb, UiK.1V Jjiqinrs, amH'Uar JH'pcrr, Nov 21-38 TV- IN W. C. DUJKERSON, OT ,-iul UliNtniAL AGENT. Kurikii, UVcou-in. [Xov. 7-ili-lt T. L. KKNNAN, ATTHTiN K.Y nud m i.aw and Solicitor in rhanecrv, Xoinr> niu! general ItiMir.mct: Audit. Oct. KKNNKDY, ATTOKNKY n .d Conn-, llm :it T.-iiv, -mil Solicitor in Cliarifpn, Wisfonsiu. will attend to col- eitiii" am' 'iring ilcul-, renting l.nul, nt ol t.-iM'-'ui tlii- lie. angSI-03 AK D KASTM AN, AND riOXI.R, anil dealer in Print! ii'. WutitiL' U'r.ippniir, ni.d P.iper. anil Y.inKri Xo' on I C'lit-k-j'- Buililmi', IVirv O-'iko-h, i-iu UKVIIV FRKXTZ, _t monip'K u-nil'-dio v. In n Jrs.nvi', at H 1 t'. Shci) in -5 M A l A Z 1 N KS H. J't t fir I Y ol good r-eed, delivered ai our st'' re in n-likooli. Nov 11 !7 AVI I'.n Cl M CITY OXT) f.'-iirrn' S ncc )nro. U'li'iic'liniro coun- -mn-in, no ir die -toriiii'mni 1 In CK .rr'l to convex e'lfs to ;md fr..-i ill li.rn- f' 'it'' Ii Tij.'ifi :.'i v. 11 -L r. CIMI-. r, 10. s M'KMOin. hi ini'l II ml l.ithi-.S'l T'pnirlit Drills ll'iii'l PI IP" i i' S.'-ru Cnirrr. "WVm i! Pair nt Thii- :'iu' MniJiinr, Gn-( anil San Mill xc. in ui" -o orm -iii't it 'inn ot'i.T ma-liii r nifl i'i> !l' -holt--' I'oMcc. A t 1 Cut! a-.r t -iv-ir of P il'c.rii i1.1 >n-'
If. it s-enl lo fnilor to anv port on Tox or IVo'f on lake >t "ill be rT I ka. .T. T. CERKSCO NlinSKRY. Al'PLt! TSirr.P Hiker nouUI nn- noiniro tf ihi> pnl, ic ilia' tlu'J are picpnrcd 10 fnr- iii-h M'l'I.r. o'.'ilino-t r.m vanpty Ih.'it nnv lie enl'r'l lor, tlioir -trick of incliuliiu: n i rirmn. Call an.Ui.eihoni A. IJKVINT, WRIGHT, CtToro, G. HAKI'.U. SF-ICE s TOIIV JOXKf5 In- tlu- Shop of.loltn Ttook. UPS die-ley'1- "ru-! and ui-tirs to aniioiini'c t tl.o pec ;ilc irfnornilr it lie kofp on hniKi, nnd inaki- to ori'cr. Hoots nnd of all dc-crip. in'ido .i> 1 n- ody rnn imkc tiieio, and clioap a- the one (iiso him n rail. an I 1'ie hmlie-t pnco paid for srrorn and dry 1> in them in. Oct. "1-IH LAND SALE THE iindor.-i'jiip 1 na-, 'or sale of choice ununptovcd I, m rir ihe Wolf nvor in 'Jl and '-i-i north of Kruiprs; >o. 1-1 nnd 1.) in the couiuy of Oui.mninie. Paid Lands, fur ter- tilit} of j-oil, and'otl natiirnl ;idvnntn._'es, are nn-nr- pn-ised iiv any in Iln- di-iricl. To artunl iPl'lers Ilicv will lie sold at a advance from (Jovornini'iii price, cither on time or !o' c.'-h. H. WlllTACBB, Oct21J nfiice in W.-vlii'3 Sliiin-s-t, Oshkosh. SADDLERY. TUT. su'i-cril i'r, at old -hop, oppo-ite the Po-i-Ortk'r, he found on liand, lo supply his in.-i'H cn-toiners> w ilh I'.ndlcs, Unrncts, Sptirt., Carpet Tinpa, Valises, TrMiik1-, and cvcrytl'iim clsp in his line, at T.OW PRICKS, and made ol the hot find in n ft ipe'ior si vie. McndniL' don-j io order on ihe bhonebt notice, and In a neat innn ifsf" Belt and llaincao Leather constantly on hand nnd for cheap- Oshko-ti. ?et _________ ______- Valuable Property for Sale. GOOD story and a half HOUdE, Uveniy eiuht feet XV by thirty, thcr with six of land, In ihe'village of will he sold very toxv, nnd on good lernis. There a good aiul cHiern.niiil a good barn twenty-two feet square, on the premises. Its location is ftood and pleasant. Also, a superior'jst-ortmoni of BRI'GS, in bot- tles, vials, and adapted to tlie wants of a Ci.in'sotrire, prepared in tlv most tcientilic n-aniitr. Also, an excellent eookini! 'stove. The property licloti-trtl to the Lite liticklin; anJ for a yonni; pliysician, desirini; a location and an outfit, no better opportunity can oiler anvwliere. Inquire of J- W. BECKER. Waiikan. Oclolier 10. OMIiO BRICK. rniin undersigned has commenced a BKICK YARD L ;-t "rn'O, am! has already burned a Kiln of whicV-are for bale, and a supply will always be kepi is rai--erl from a rt'statice of 12 to 13 feet he- the "iirfa.ce, .sinferi ir to none in the ivorM lie wit) WARRANT his Brick to be equal lo any in the he proof airiinntlie weather; and the hard burned to stand any iorgo or hlaCKsmith's fire vVell-Hnck, sixteen of make a circlptlirec feel in diameter. Also, Tiles, lor walks. ITS" ('ons unity on hand at Knanp's in Oshftosli, nt Haimlion's in liutte DBS Morts, at Pattersons dock at Omro.--Tiles furnished to order. Having burned my ihird Kiln, anil the brick giving perfect satisfaction, I can now recommend them to all, 20-30 JOHN L. LAUD. DEMOCRAT DEVOTED TO THE DISCUSSION OF EVERYTHING RELATING TO THE PUBLIC GOOD. VOL. 3. OSHKOSII, WIS., FRIDAY, JANUARY. 23, 1852, NO. 47. GOVERNOR'S 3IESSAGE. Gentlemen of the Senate and Assembly: It is made the duty of (he Executive of this State, by ihfi "to com- nuinicnte to the Legislature, at every ses- sion, the condition of the State, and re- commend such tnnllers to their further consitic'raiioti, HS he may deem expedient.1' Having oritured upon the discharge of the duties of the office so recently as the 5th day of the pit'sent month, it will be pt-rceivtd how it will be for me to communicate the Condition of the Slate from the transactions of the past year, about which 1 cannot be expected lo have any personal knowledge; and I am only able to discharge the duty at all, by a very brief examination of the books mid papers of the Executive office, and the rr-ports recently made irom the vari- ous Departments oi State. Fiurn the very short time allotted me, for tho of this, my first mes- sage to the Legislature, I shall your indulgence, if the ration of the af- fairs of the State Government shall be It S3 genet a I and various than would oth- erwise, be usual in such and shall ftt-1 excused, under the circumstances, if such mallei; only as are of the most milked and obvious interest to the State at targe, are herein riolictd and presented. You will have before you all the repoits for the past year, which have been made by the officeis ha vino- ihu control of the financial concuns of the State, so that, by a thorough arid careful examination of ihe details, any apparent defects in the rnat ters of this communication may be cuied and supplif d. From the rrports ofthe Treasurer and Strnuiy of Stair, rurfcuitl, pusuited, ii uill be setn, that ihe fiical conceins o! the State, for the year (.ruiinu 3 1st of De- cember, not in a very condition. By reason of the uont of funds, aii.ible for such in the hands of the Ti I'i'isuier, the allowances and sprciil appropi unions made by Ihe Ijst Legislature, and the oidmary ;md ctiiient expanses of the pioviiitd by ij iv, otherwise estunaitd. have not been paid, iMtlmi the sum of 29. It appears by these reports, th.it ihe amount belonojoCT to the General Fund, received fiom 31st December, ISoO, to 31st December 1851, 675.090 '27 Amount disbursed m 18.31, 27 Amount of School Fur-d in 1851. 90 Amount disbursed same pe- riod, 41.468 OS Balance on hand, 92 Amount of School Fund in- come Ib51, 23 Amount disbursed same pe- riod, 85 Balance on hand, 42 Amount of University Fund received 1851, 30 Amount disbuised same pe- riod, 1.953 47 14 Balance on hand, 83 Amount of University In- come Fund received 1851, II Amount disbursed same, pe- riod, 00 Over paid Amount of Fund for the Blind received 1851, Amount disbutsed same pe- liod, Total amount of cash on hand belonging to the several Fundf, Expenses of the State for the Fiscal year ending th< 31st day of December, 1851, provided for by peimanent appropriations, including sundry prior indebtedness, 98 Unpaid appropriations arid salaries (or 1851, Estimated statement ofthe abilities of the State for the year ending 31st Decem- ber, 1851, for which no provision has been made. Estimated expenses ibr the year 1852, 29 The means applicable to the payment o! the above nam- ed expenses, included in which are 60 Due from David Merrill, late Receiver of Canal Lands, Probably collectable on Ca- nal In Iowa County Orders, Due from individuals and re- jected hy the United Stales Treasury, Legislative expenses for the year 1851, Estimated Legislative expen- ses for ihe year 1852. The repor'. of the Board of Commis- of the condition of the School Fund, when presented, will merit your special attention, as showing the man- 88 4! 98 00 300 00 13 32 52 of this highest ngement and investment and most sacred trust of the Stale. Complaints have been made, whether with or without truth I have no means of ascertaining, that loans of the School Fund have in some instances, been made upon in sufficient securities. Too much care and watchfulness cannot be exer- cised hy the Legislature, by ihe adoption of every practicable precaution, to pro- tect it fiom loss or even hazard and if any danger may be reasonably appre- hended, that this fund or any portion of it, may be lost to the State, an examina- tion into the matter should not be delayed. Nuther the Legislature or the Exicutive has at present any legal means of know- ing what-is the character of these securi- ties. I would therefore suggest to the Legislature the propriety of providing fortlie appointment of a suitable commis- sion to ilia If e personal and rigid examin- ation of the titles lo the lands mottgaeed lo secure these lonns in the different coun- ties where they have been made, and re- port at such time, and in such mariner as it may be decrntd expedient. It may be, that further legislation is necessary to re- quire the Board to be more certainly ns- surt-d of the goodness and validity of ti- tles to the lands offered in secuiity, than is now requind. making loans up- on them. If so, tuch legislation should at once be supplied. The Boaid of Regents oflhe State Uni- versity herewith present to the Legisla- ture theii fouilh annual repoit, exhibit- ing in a clear and concise manner, the progress, condition, and wants of the in- stitution under their charge. To this re- port, and to the well ndvijtd suggestions thejeiu contained, relative lo the adminis- tration of its iiffiiis, your attention is par- ticuliiily invitt-d. To cany out the clear intent and mean- ing of that clause of the Constitution re- lating to ihis subject, and the benefictnl ubjYcis of this department, I hope the i c will see roper to favor their The State Superintendent of Common Schools will present to you in his very ab e repoit, valuable information and ma- ny important suggestions relative lo ihe co nmon school system of the State which yoj will please duly consider. I most fully endorse his recommendations to the lej islalure that such amendments lo ihe present law be made, as will secure a su table plan for the classification of schohrs in the different towns ofthe State su table to their age, and advancement in a c lolarship; and as will remedy the evils of which he complains and also for the or jenization of ihe Town Superintend en s into a Board which shall have power to grant certificates lo Teachers that will authorize them to tench anywhere within thi: County, which Board shall also an- swer the purpose of a Teacher's Institute. T lis Report shows that the income of th3 School Fund, apportioned Feb. 10th, Itol, arnounud to over and that in i amount to be apportioned will The nmnber of schol- ar; attending school in 1849 was reported at The number reported for the past year is being an increase ol over 100 per cent. For other valuable st.ilislicnl information relating to the coin- in ni schools of the Slate, I refer you to sa d leport. By inspection of the report of the Hoard of Public Works" ofthe Fox and isconsin River Improvement, it will be that there was received by the pres- ent Treasurer from the Treasurer of the prsvious year, on the fifth day of March, F orn sales of land since that 10 29 84 time, F -om other sources, In all, Pud out on warrants, Bilance Cash on hand, T'ie amount of warrants diawn on the Treasurer of the Board, 74 29 94 29 eqin si for aid lor the complttion of the Lincjs yet unsold and subject lo entry, 21-100 acres. From the report of the present Board, it will appear that during the last year at loist, ihis Improvement has been as eco nominally and judiciously managed as I'culd be requited. But the manner m ihe large amount of the proceeds of previous sales of this grant has been e: pended, I am not able, from the short examination I have given this subject, to uud the pei feelion of the organ- ization of the Normal depai tment of the Univei sity. It seems to be the rnapif'st design of the law under which the Univeisity is organized, and the purposes and objects of the Normal dep tritm- nt cleai ly indi- catp, that this dtpailnu-nt is not so much a mctssniy pail ofthe Univeisily organ- ization, as it is an adjunct and auxi'iary to the common school system, the charge of which is generously assumed by the authoi ilies of the University its design inform you. It would seem advisable that a rigid ir vestigation of the condiiion of this Ini- objc-ct bung singly, lo qualify teach-jp ovemtnt be made without delay, that it 'oay be ascertained who deserves the ciedit for the management, or who should b-'ar the responsibility for the mismanage u cnt of this large and valuable trust fund a id if U should be foud that this fund, or a )y poriion of it has been squandered, embezeled, or otherwise misapplied, those ii volved in the guilt should be ai once p occeded against for the oCTt'nce defined it the 29th Section of the act relating to tl is Improvement. The Leg slature wi] U lie such measures in the premises as may be thought necessary and proper. In pursuance of nn act approved March 1 1th, 1851, His Excellency Gov. Dewey, o i behalf of the Slate accepted the prop- o-ition, and entered into contract with cis for the common schools. Thtir re- quest for aid. therefore, to protect and sup poit ibis depaita.ei.t 1'ioin the common school fund, seems to be leusonable and just. In receding the generous grant of the of a large nnd ample fund for trio suppoit of romrnon schools, and by the express teuns of our Constitution, we have committed ourselves to the policy of Frie Schools. Our system, then, is a system of Free Schools, and we have but one system, into however many different diparlmcnts il may be divided for conve- nience and efficiency, and this is made an institution of the whole State, without reference to sections or localities, and in- tended to benefit all classes the poor as [Morgan L. Mar to enet a casses te poor as organ Marin, sq., on the 14t as the rich, and thai too without re-id ty of May, 1851, for the Impiovemeni spect to religious distinctions. In theso this object presents itself to us essentially different from any application for aid from the State lo bene- fit inslitutions of learning, or of any thing else, local in their character, and under the control of private persons or corpora- tions. The loaning of the school fund to o the Fox River between Lakes Winne- bigoand Green Bay, since which lirne there has been issued to said Martain for h'bor done upon said contract, bv the tuard of Public Woi ks, scrip to the a-nount of 00, appended to v hich are the signatures ofthe Governor aid Secretary of State, and the Great individuals upon landed securities, under Seal ofthe State. Said scrip and ccrtifi in the following form, us taken our present la .v, is, lo say the least, ques tionable policy; not only on account of its great liability to loss in many eases, but because also, it is only partial in its benefits. Those only, who are rich and able enough, or rather those who are the owners of l.srid sufficient to give the re- quisite security, can obtain any poriion of it. It is U ue this immense capital, by br- ing loaned out in this way, enters Inrgety into the transactions cf individual enter- pi ize throughout the State. But the poorer classes obtain, at best, only a re- mote and very limited benefit. It is the poor and destitute families of the State who most need ihe puiticipaiion of this bounty, and by using it for the purpose of affording to this class the unrestricted fa- cilities of a good education, free cf cost, is in my judgment, the leading nnd most im- portant ohject of the grant and this can- not be fully realized without providing for the education of competent teachers for the common The comple- tion of tho builu'ing and support of the Normal school out of the use oflhe prin- cipal of the school fund, is no loss to the fund or from the Slate to the Univer- sity. It is only an investment iiprtn loan, that will be amply secure nnd the interest promptly paid. I would therefore recom- mend such legislation us may be deemed cite are in the following form, fiom the contract: STATE OF WISCONSIN, OFFICR OF THE BOARD OF PUBLIC, WORKS, No.- 8 It is hereby certified by the Board of I'ublic Works ofthe State of Wisconsin, jthat there is due to Morgan L. Martin or under his contract v ilh the Slate, for the improvement of the Fox River, payable out of thn avails o' the grant of land in aid of the improve- ment of the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers, aid the revenues thereof. advisable, lo afford the Board of Regents. aid asked b the AUt'St -President of the Board of Public, Works. EXECUTIVE OFFICE. S Governor of the State of Wisconsin, do hereby certfy t.'iat the fore- coins scrip, lor---------Dollars, to Mor- L, Ma i tin, is issued in conformity v ith an Act of the Legislature of Ihe siid State, entitled an Act authorizing; Ue Governor to enter into contract with Morgan L. Mariin, for the improvement cf the Fox between Lake Winne- Ligo and Green Bay, approved March 1, 1851, and is payable out oflhe avails ofthe grant of land in aid oflhe improve- ment of the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers, and the revenues and is redeem- able at the pleasure of the State; that said scrip bears interest at the rate of 12 per cenl per annum, payable annually on the fiist day of January, at------deducting the cunent rate of exchange at Milwau- kee and that for the redemption of the said scrip, and the payments ofthe interest to become due theron, the improvement of the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers, and reve- nues to be derived therefrom, stand pledg- ed by the State. In testimony whereof, I have here- unto set my hand and affixed the great seal of the. State. Done at Madison, By thrt Governor. Secretary of State. It will a proppcr subjccl for your inquiry, whether the issuing of this scrip in ihe above form, is not in violation of the original grant from the Government, as well as the 10th section ofthe finances article of our Slate Constitution, and whether the good faith oflhe State is not thereby pledged for its ultimate payment. I cannot see that it is anywhere contem- plated by the grant, that this Improvement shall ever pass into the hands or under the control of creditors who may have advanced money to construct it, and in this manner the Stale become divested of its authority over it. The report of the Adjutant General of the State, on the subject of military affairs. has not yet transpired, and I cannot there- fore lay before you any particulars in relation to this department. In consider- ation of this subject, however, it is hum- bly submitted, that unless this general or- ganization of the militia promises to af- ibid benefits proportionate to the compli- cated and various duties, expenses and consumption of time it involves, or unless required bv some present necessity, the policy of its continuance may questioned. well be It is highly proper and commendable to encourage the pendent military organization of inde- companies, upon the principle of voluntary enlistment; but may not the time arid money requiied for this general organization, be more profit- ably employed, fur the present at least, in cultivating the arts of peace? Your atteniion is specially invited to the report of the trustees of the Institu- tion far the Education of From the very worthv and the Blind." humane ob- ADVERTISESMENTS Inserted at the fallowing frditi which there will be no deviation: One square, three insertions, One square, one year, One-Fourth of a Column, One-Half Column, Full Column, Qj" allowed the lego of changing their advertisements six months. O" Legal advertisements published at Statnte Prices. right without delay, are this way only, can our vast interest will suffer to nn extent. If the pressent con- 5. To obtain, by treaty, or from the British Government, the free navigation of the St. Lawrencej for out commerce upon ihe lakes. The reasons that shou'd urge Congress to secure this manifold. In Upper La lie transportation compete with the railroads, v hich, in a short lime, will be run from the Atlantis sea board( throughout the country, and which must inevitably so greatly diminish the amount ol water travel and carriage by the lhat this alarmim dition of things continues, and no belief prospects are presented, the immense cap- ital now invested in our lake navigutiorij will be gradually liken away from it gaged in our coast or foreign while now it lies useless in our harbors and at our wharves, during a considerable por> lion ofthe year, this interest would be at once quickened into new life, and the ton- nage of our lake commerce be vastly in- creased. The channel of the St. rencc is the natural avenue ofthe foreign trade, not only ofthe great basin of ihe lakes, but of large portions of the great valley oflhe Mississippi. The success oflhe Wetland Canal and other improvements, demonstrates that the natural resources will be abundantly able so to impiove this channel of munication, that vessels of large burthen, whether propelled by sails or steam, will be able to take in their loading in Liver- pool or other foreign ports, arid discharge their cargoes in Milwaukee and other lake ports, without breaking bulk. From the proximity of cur lake ports to the navigable waters of the Mississippi, the trade of this great valley will naturally flow to these points, rather than to seek the Atlantic through the channel of tho Missisippi or the artificial communica- tions by railroad and canal hence importance of this navigation, as vessels at the mouth cf the St. Lawrence are some three thousand miles nearer En- gland, than at the mouth of the iVIississ- In this measure I cannot but think Wisconsin has a direct and vital ippi. that interrat. jects of Ihis institution, their appeal for aid from ihe State, will doubtless meel with a favorable response from the Legis- lature, In pursuance of on act of the last ses- produces the necessary amount of Gov- sion of tho Legislature, His Excellency, eminent levenue, afford adiquote protec- Gth. To so modify the present TavirT upon iioports, and adopt such a system of duties, as will, while it discriminating Governor Dewey, appointed three Cotn- missioners to locale the Stale Prison. Whereupon said Comnussioners, or a majority of proceeded to examine several localities, and located the Piison .it Waupun, in the County of Dodge. The repoit of a majority of said Commis- sioners, n.i well as ihe minoiity report cf A. W. Wrnth, Esq., the other Commis- sioner, are herewith presented, and your attention i ivited. Appreciating, as I do, the many ann! superior a j vantages of a residence, and a common interest, uith ihe people of Wis- consin, and beleiving lhat us a State, in point of foil, climate, mineral wealth, water communication, and position, as well as hiilth, means of Education, and of a rapidly increasing population of intel- ligence, iiidustry, and enterprise, we pos- sess great natural fadlties and numeious would desire to see such a State Policy adopted, as would make available ill" our resources, and means ol improvement, ami render us, to as great nn extent as possible, independent of all foreign aid. except the benefits of markets and comrt.eice. I wosld therefore advise the adoption ofthe following to this emi: measures, as conductive To Mernoralize the Congress ofthe United States to cause all the Agricuftu- ial lands within this State to be surveyed, and brought into market, at as low a price, and as speedily as practicable thereby inducing their occupancy arid cultivation, increasing the list of taxable arid lessening the burden ol tion to the agncuituiai, mechanical, and manufacturing labor of our o-vn Country. Intimately connected with our Agricultu- ral interests, and upon which their suc- cess in a great degree depends, is to hava a gond. sure, and convenient market for the staple productions of our a market fiuctualino; ancj temporary, but aa fixed and permanent, as it is possible, under any circumstances, and as the or- dinary relations of supply and drmand will allow. Such a market we do not now have out of our own Country. We sometimes have a foreign demand, when there has been an entire or partial failure of crops in some grain growing country of Euiope; but this is only occasional, and cannot be depended upon, as in the ptesent year, when the harvests abroad have been abundant. If then, we cannot expect to have such a market abroad oa we require for our produce, it becomes us to endeavor to fiind or create such an one al home and within our own country. How i hen can this great desideratum be effected? Those parls of the Country not of suitable or climate for agricul- property, taxation. 2. To cause all the State to be surveyed and geologically examined, and offered for sale thereby the set' lenient of this exten- sive region, and causing these exhausilc-ss mines of weahb to contribute to our com- mon grouth and prosperity. 3 To make liberal appropriations for the impiovement of our Rivers und Har- aors, then-by securing and extending cur trade and commerce, improving our mar- kets, and humanely protecting ihe lives and property of cur 4. To establish connection with the Department of the Interior, and Agricultural B'uieau for the encouragement of this gieat industrial interest of the country, upon which our prosperity so much depends. mral purposes, but yet possessing the cap- ital, the hydraulic power and all other means for manufacturing, sach as the New England and some other Stales, if adequate protection were afford- ed, would engage largely in this branch of industiy, and by the employment of numerous laborers of skill, such oilier manual force as would be nrccssary to conduct it, there would be created in our Country, a constant demand and cer- tain m.iiSiet, for our surplus produce, and at the fame time we would the reciprocal benefits of iheir skill, capital and trade. The tiue economy oflhe far- mer, is lo sell as much, and buy us little us he CJH and I see no reason why this is not also the wisest economy for our nation. Whenever this Country imports an ex- cess, over her exports we say the balance of trade is against us, or in other words, we are only and imnort from abroad, unless we can sell ant! fXpoit at least loan amount. at Washington, in Other Countries have long acted upon the lands m (Joing a losing business. to remedy this, is never to this plan towards us, and so long as they continue to do so urn paving a tribute to them, witlioul an tquivoieni; nnd compelled lo adopt the same plan, fur self deft-nee. A tariff, or free trade, if
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