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Neenah-Menasha Northwestern (Newspaper) - November 27, 1976, Oshkosh, Wisconsin Wor f h Edition of the Oshkosh Dailv Northwestern -L JL IJL1. W Vx O IVX J. J. Associated Press, United Press International 109th year Oshkosh, Wit., Saturday, November 27, 1976 58 Pages 204 Soviets ask pact against first use of nuclear arms BRUSSELS. Belgium (AP) A promise nut to make first use of nucle- ar weapons, as proposed by the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies, could seriously weaken the Xerth At- lantic alliance's ability to defend Eu- rope. Western strategists say. The treaty proposal, contained a communique issued Friday after a Warsaw Pact summit ended in Ruman- ia, would have both sides "pledge not to be the first to use nuclear weapons one against another." But top American military brass say there is a big difference between "first use" and "first strike." First strike would mean a massive American nuclear attack on the Soviets out of the blue. "That is total non- sense." said Dr. Fred K Ikle. director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarma- ment Agency. First use. the other hand might involve selling off tactical nuclear weapons to halt a Soviet tank advance that could not otherwise be stopped. Some military men say a massive Soviet attack could quickly cut through Western defenses in Europe if neither side used nuclear weapons. A few say. though not for quotation, that the Sovi- ets could reach the Rhine River in a couple uf Few Western nbservers believe Sovi- et trader Leonid I Brezhnev has any intention of attacking the West, with Santo Clauses go to school Twenty-eight members of the Sears Roebuck Santa structor before taking up their posts for the holi- Claus school in Los Angeles listen to a lecture on day season. the no-nos and ho-hos for St. Nicks from their in- Laserphoto Secret site for dog pound silences complaints BARRE, Vt. (AP) When people h.wled that the dog pound was t.o close to their houses. City Manager Jay Hawthorne began tnoviag it around to oue secret location after another. Now he's being hounded by citizens who can't figure out where he's putting it. "I just want prove the simple point that when people don't know where the pound is even if it's near their home they won't complain about Hawthorne said in an inter- view. He's kept his lips sealed for nearly two months. He said only he and the delinquent mutts know the secret. The question has occupied Barre City Council meetings since the pound went underground. Irate citizens have been demanding that Hawthorne reveal what he has done with the dogs. "They're is his suck reply. Even Barre Mayor Wilfred Fisher went sleuthing. Three times he thought he had found the kennels, only to come up empty-handed. When residents accused Hawthorne keeping public information private, he called for a vote of confidence. The council decided 5-2 that the city manag- er could keep his closely guarded se- cret until the ene of November. Hawthorne has promised to reveal the location at Tuesday's council meet- ing, ending his eight-week experiment to prove that the dogs are not really bothering people. Bnt he divulged some clues Friday. "I've moved them around in the city, and they've been awfully close to the people who hollered the most about liv- ing near a dog pound." said Haw- thorne. He said there have been no complaints since he hid the dogs. "We've been under pretty close sur- veillance, Next to deer hunting, the most popular pastime in Barre is 'let's go look for the dog he said. "But nobody has found it yet." Toll in quake still rising MURADIYE. Turkey (AP) Survivors picked up bod- ies from the courtyards of mosques and village streets in earthquake-ravaged east- ern Turkey today and buried them. Officials said the death toll from the quake could exceed 5.000. A total of 3.636 bodies were reported counted thus far in the devastated towns of Muradiye. Caldiran, Ercis and Diyadin near Turkey's border with Iran and Soviet Armenia. Authorities esti- mated that 4.000 persons were injured and 8.000 build- ings destroyed. New stories of death and destruction became known after relief teams reached some of the destroyed vil- lages that were cut off by- Wednesday's quake, the strongest in Turkey since tremors that killed 30.000 in Erzincan in 1939. Forty-four students were killed in the village of Uco- zlu. near Caldiran. when their primary school was favors one-shot mass transit subsidy MADISON (AP) Gov. Patrick .1. Lucey is in favor of a S3 million, one-shot subsidy for Wisconsin's financially ailing mass transit systems, his office said Friday. The governor will recommend approval of the subsidy by the legislature's Joint Finance Committee Dec. 7. aides said. The plan was made public by Zel Rice, the state transportation secretary'- in La Crosse last week. It would use million of stale gasoline tax revenues and a balance from the highway fund to bolster the sagging account from which the state subsidizes bus systems. The state has been paying one-third the operating loss- es of urban, publicly run mass transit, but Milwaukee County's acquisition of the bus system there pushed oper- ating beyond the amount that had been budgeted. The subsidies have been paid since 1S73. At first the S3.5 million a year came from general tax revenues, but for the current fiscal year they are being drawn from the highway fund Under the plan Appleton would receive Fond du Lac. and Oshkosh shaken apart by the tremors. A house collapsed in near- by Alikelle, entombing 80 persons during a wedding re- ception. Caldiran residents claimed that many persons only wounded in the quake died because they were trapped in the debris or exposed to sub- freezing temperatures for two nights. In the village of Gon- durme. 12 survived out of a population of 339. authorities said. One of the survivors, 70-year-oid Abduikerim' Hiz- al. recalled the first mo- ments of the quake Wednes- day afternoon. "First there was a terri- ble, loud noise, then dust was everywhere and walls were failing in like playing he said. "I remem- ber heading screams all around me. but 1 could do nothing. I do not even re- member how I saved my- self." A total of 40 railroad cars carrying relief supplies have been dispatched so far an-a round-the-clock airlift of mil- itary cargo planes continues to the airport at the provin- cial capital of Van. The American air base at Incirlik has provided 23 car- go planes for aJWther airlift to transport aid arriving from NATO countries Officials in Muradiye said that by Friday nio-t survi- vors had shelter, blankets and food to face the bitter winter weather. But other sources said much of the re- lief supplies piled up in Van. and that adequate supplies had reached only the area of Muradive. Cold Clearing and very cold tonight with overnight iows about 5 above. Details on Page 2 inside Church Editorials Worm-n's Page Page Page Sports. Page Comics Page TV-Mo-. :fs Theaters... Obituaries Want Ads Business... Page 17 .Page is ..Page 13 Page 22 without nuclear weapons. But Western military leaders say there is no way of knowing his successors will act. The Warsaw Pact communique said a draft of the proposed treaty on nucle- ar weapons would be sent to signers of the 35-nation Helsinki accord on securi- ty and cooperation in Europe. The question of whether the United Stales should renounce first use of nu- clear weapons arose about a year ago as a possible way to encourage other nations to sign a treaty against the spread of nuclear weaponry Ikle contended such a pledge would confuse America's allies He said some of them could make nuclear weapons but hate nof done so because they felt safe under America's nuclear umbrel- la. "It might look as if they have lost the very protection on which they were relying." he said. The U.S. government and us allies mmintam that without nuclear arms, the West is much weaker militarily than the lets in Europe. Tht- Soviet blot.- has 19.UOO main bat- tle tanks in northern and centra! F.u- rope and tht- Western allies have only 7KW. according to the International In- sutute for Strategic Studies in London It says the United Stales has over 7.- IHRI nuclear warheads in Western Eu- rope for battlefield Use. and the Soviets only about half as many in the Warsaw Pact countries of Eastern Europe The Soviets question these figures but have not published their own. For mapmaking, space program U.S., Soviets sign fishing rights pact WASHINGTON Japan is now the only ma- jor maritime nation with- out an accord with the United States on the new U.S. 200-mile fisheries zone. The United States and the Soviet Union, which Carter may enlist Kissinger PLAINS. Ga. (AP) Pres- ident-elect Jimmy Carter ident-elect Jimmy Carter continues to hold open the possibility that he may try to enlist Secretary of State Hen- ry A. Kissinger for special diplomatic assignments. Carter press secretary Jody Powell said Friday that the President-elect "would nut feel it improper if the ap- propriate occasion presented itseif to'ask for Dr. Kissin- ger's assistance." Powell noted that past presidents have, from time to time, recruited prominent figures from prior adminis- trations to take on special chores. Sen. Abraham Ribicoff. D- Conn.. and some other prom- inent Democrats have sug- gested that Carter make the outgoing secretary of state a special envoy to tne troubled Middle East" Carter sharply criticized Kissinger and his style of persona! diplomacy during the campaign, but he said last week that he looks for- ward to "a long relation- ship" with Kissinger. Powell also left open the possibility that Carter might decide to attend a NATO ses- sion in London next May. al- though at present the Presi- dent-elect still does not plan any overseas travel in his first year in office. Carter spent Friday at home where, by Powell's ac- count, he spent most of his time making long distance phone calls and meeting with aides to discuss the. selection of his Cabinet and other top officials. The President-elect will make iwo-day visit to Washington sometime during the week of Dec. 5. the spokesman added Skeletons found out on balcony ATHENS (UPI The doorman of an apartment building found two human skeletons on the balcony of an empty apartment, police said Friday. After a thorough ins estima- tion, police discovered both skeletons belonged to Athens University and had been tak- en home for study by two for- eign medical students who abandoned them on the bal- conv. 'Horizontal control' network almost finished GAYLORD (UPI) After 150 years of being out in the cold Michigan residents can finally sleep easy they will soon be hooked into the "na- tional network of horizontal control." And, just what is "hori- zontal First word of the network surfaced this week in a rath- er short, confusing press re- lease from the Department of Commerce. Bui, a series of telephone calls to federal officials un- covered the following facts The federal government has been working on the thing for the past 150 years since the admmstration of John Quincy Adams, The work is now being done much more efficently than it was in the beginning, Some 17 people are doing it in Michigan. As it turns out. the net- work is a system of reference points used in mapmaking and space programs. "In order to make certain measurements you have to establish points marked on the surface of the said John Gergin. assistant chief of the horizontal net- work. "These points, alto- gether about form what is known as a horizon- tal network. "This provides an absolute vital piece of information in all space programs we have." According to Gergin, the project has taken ISO years because it is exacting work and because of the problems involved in getting money from Congress. It can cost nearly to establish one reference point However. Gergin boasts that mankind's ability to con- struct a horizontal network has vastly improved with the advancement of technology, noting that the points "are now determined at a higher degree of accuracy." Michigan has gotten the distinction of being the last point in the network of points. Some 17 survey team members are currently- working on a stretch of land from Mount Pleasant to Gay- lord to plot the final point. Gcrgin said that Michigan residents should not feel bad about being left until last. "We had to finish some- he said. takes 10 per cent of its catch off U.S. shores, signed an agreement here Friday that will restrict Russian fishing in the new zone. At the same time. U.S. officials signed a reciprocal fishing agreement with Mexico in Mexico City. The United States is ex- tending its fisheries zone from 12 to miles effec- tive March 1. Japan, which harvests an estimated 15 per cent or more of its catch within 200 miles of U.S. shores, has opposed the extension. U.S.-Japanese negotia- tors will renew fisheries negotiations in mid-Decem- ber. U.S. officials have ex- pressed optimism that Ja- pan will change its position because of a grow ing global consensus in favor the 200-mile zone. Some 30 nations, includ- ing Mexico have declared extended fishing Congress voted this year to extend the U.S. zone in re- sponse to complaints that highly efficient foreign trawlers were exhausting some fish slocks off U.S. coasts. The Soviet Union also was on record in opposition to the expanded U.S. zone when bilateral negotiations began last week. Some U.S. diplomatic- sources interpreted the agreement as a Soviet at- tempt to avoid an early- confrontation with the ad- ministration of President- elect Jimmy Carter. Starting March 1. for- eign fishing ve.-sels must be registered with Ameri- can agents, and the foreign fishermen will be told what species of fish they may- take and in what quanti- ties. Quotas fur both domestic and foreign fishermen are being set by regional coun- cils in eight American coastal jurisdictions. Foreign crews and ves- sels caught fishing in the U.S. after March 1 without authorization or with unauthorized catches are subject to arrest and seizure by the U.S. Coast Guard. U.N. allies, rivals rebuke U.S. for Anti-Viet stand UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP) U.S. allies and rivals joined forces in a 124-1 vote with only three abstentions to rebuke the United States for its repeated refusal to let Vietnam into the United Nations. Only Britain, West germany and Israel abstained Friday, and the United States cast the lone negative vote against a Gen- eral Assembly resolution that rejected as trivial U.S. arguments against admitting Vietnam. The measure declared Vietnam fully qualified for membership and demanded that the Security Council reconsider its ap- plication. The United States vetoed Hanoi's appli- cation Nov. 15 in the Security Council, arguing that Vietnam was not humanitari- an enough for U.N. membership because it has failed to account for 800 Americans still missing in action (MIA) after the Vietnam War. Rhodesia talks "Whatever problems it may have at this paricular time in accounting for the Americans are trivial in comparison with the great causes that are being dis- cussed here this morning." said Sri Lan- ka's ambassador. T.D Kanakaratne. who introduced the resolution as chairman of the nonaligned group. But U.S. Ambassador William W. Scranton made it clear that another at- tempt to admit Vietnam would meet an- other U.S. veto. He said the United States will continue to insist that Hanoi "provide all the information in their possession on the missing in action and they will return to us all recoverable remains of our dead." Vietnam's U.N. observer. Dinh Ba Thi. said the MIA issue has not been resolved because of "the attitude of the American government, which has shown no serious desire to solve this problem." Stalemate ends GENEVA. Switzerland UP! The month-long stalemate has ended in the Rhodesia peace talks and the conference now can move on to consider the makeup of the interim government that will rule until power is turned over to the country's black majority. British con- ference Chairman Ivor Ri- chard said Friday he will hold bilateral talks Monday with "Patriotic Front" lead- ers Joshua Nkomo and Rob- ert Mugabe on the structure of a transitional government. The two black leaders blocked the talks for a month by demanding Britain com- mit itself to Dec 1. 1977 as a fixed and binding date for in- dependence. Britain's counterproposal, intialiy rejected by Nkomo and Mugada. called for Rho- desian elections and the com- pletion of legal processes for independence by March 1. 1978. The two men again reject- ed the British compromise formula Friday, demanding two amendments to the pro- posal. They met with Ri- chard and came away saying "Britain has accepted our amendments Mugabe and Nkornn said they will issue a state- ment this wrf-kend on the un- disclosed amendments The two amendments were "small textual changes." a British sp.ike-.n-.an --aid. With '.ha! i--ur- settled, conference official- expect negotiation- or. an interim government TO create t-vn wider disagreement among delegation-. A particularly critical sub- ..ec: is whether black- or whites will dominate the transitional government's Department of Defen-e and Security The break in '.he jr. b> black naViora'--! leader, who charged t a; M :i g a b e 2 d Nkomo were up the Mexican landowners avert squatter invasion CULIACAV Mexico aid were "fal-e promises" by the government, peasant leaders warned "we are going to get our land, one way or another Alfonso Santibanez. head of the leftist Independent Peasants' Central, said President Luis Echevema will sign an ex- propriation order some time before he hands over the government to President- elect Jose Portillo next Wednesday The government gave a similar area of land tn peasants in neighboring Sonora slate last week. It was expropriated from 72 wealth) NEWSPAPER!
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