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American Freeman: Wednesday, September 18, 1844 - Page 1

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   American Freeman (Newspaper) - September 18, 1844, Milwaukee, Wisconsin                               tl'iVA-i, 'Huffulo; Jjti'-u I'ltnnel, iidtiiVo.; f.'it, (Iti ,'V V.; Jil'.i.ir.i. tt'iMinp.irtl, O'l-i BS Cuilar -if- "H'i C. It. 'j'jitt'i.'tt, 'i'Vu- .lull. S. r; fully recjiiest you loiijraw out from lo M'hicli n tendency to i character, nod pitcunyiry r.esourcen of, the proper form for publication. "i'ours, Stc., t Attornoy unil (..'mnisi-llui iiml Siilicituv anil Coiimfllor in VV'iT. _.. -j "f- NOTAUV I'il.'BI-ir, Will draw S'Jcod-j, liur.ilj, fce. taki: ackM'c.vU'LliriMlicnl lliu .mil t" anil Mini acnd infin [nation lo .States. fo'tnul lit MIL" of On! Ur ji.itm df fi'utirl ciit to tci the.subject, doiierebyj res] i'lijii it mayi.be'.: H ef.'.slSiiiiMjr-iipoiH.'.tihe o 'furnisii! ui M. S.' IAS. CHAIWLKR; ___, wilh.ialtHough so jstarlfirig, vhicriUhe ce'nsvis, of '1840 to t-excjite tilhar jdobbt; nbr Ehfailld J regaM :it have eithej rid. in- jhenistilves. Bkit be heir cflbc.t, a'tid howeywr i.heiy iriny ha rpceivedll have, only to present therji' in .tho which the census jiislilieV, a'rid', iri'Viie tb for 'The important facts'iiie exhihitcd in iWINTHKOf CHfKBL-EK, nnd I well nre the facia that it not wiihoullmuch reludtanew that 1 ca lay Ihctn lu-l'ore'.. thej' public. Thnt they shou irien'.f as they jhiiv'e in-nijjf I ihav us strmigo myl veracity, lii be clination or JIP opportunity lo. I, iniQ'dful ofiyetir; u.nw iaried! tffiirls to been, crip- pled byv Ilie attacks bi a pijo-slivery gen- -j M thf Aprierican jiian- .the influence of c'oiig'r'eBsiofjal lujgislilioi, 'is in a'liioit ilour- Tit'e'fo'urth aiid''fifth a visi'ns of tiio table j are based upon the gnera) :ratio of (lie "of the talos oji each atate rfe-i are intiuie w .'exhibit' eit-i ciujiireiy the Extent. 'of h.urhan' life.' :67'frei b.etweoii trig'the proportibri num- the'ralip.w'e'firKl 'ulSficit.m'every slsiVe1 state, betwpvST atid and in all, a'totaf deficit 'pan 'i-iuSr- THoujiNrf.-.' The.' 'in' the ilivi'sio'n-of'tfiio'-'table, IK eroiice no secpnd a IB third tlivisions ofjtbe wore .i'esigned jfextenl of the slave tr that is tbsre.BifaijiDgolT ofc.trje slave population extent of nineteen and twenty., titousand below: the ratio ot" free blileks.': that we. are presented with lh's; awfully nppalliRjf of OHK t-iuNrjRER AJjii.. Kf'aiiTv, TiiousANb innocent and. de- feii'celeas human beings fact, Ton- ton -year It is in United Slates in enough to dismay the sternest and most cruel h ;art to cotiletn- it; (ind thp.mimi is staggered by..the yain measure acter'. It be and we.re. it no.t that, the evidence is tho inpst .cflnpl.tisiyo, whtpij .a....the. nature of things.cun lie possible, wo would.involte uVijUBlief by high and contiidera- tiiins of an American'B for.hia coun- and a Christian's .for his it; .ia so ample and conclusive (jfj and i The second branch is iatr.ndej to c.xhibit upon the in- We asli (lie ca.idid atlcntio i of .Denioe-rats i 1 have si- tolSie following arliclo, from" (he I .VS HiV i: authority, the political 'IN jsr-jit of tln-ir partyi showing'the true tetaon for annex- I'M-J.ii atimi. H is not n inttivsl that defrauds it, but I It is evident, that njjer (lie bpse of thu sorjlhi :-n Stales wiii i I Jew more the'number flR-'iilwl onA rf 65, and the urnber between' in uvery state, and. nv.Uildl of ovfl (FIFTY -.EKJHT of i'rVc bt-jcka under 10 36 and 100, of oyec AND ua) .character, and pecunary means of the pqople, by.a.ceujp'ari.ion of the Besides these amounts, by EXTENT VVITIJ 'THJEiSTATK Vf (THE NORTH kS U K U li O N, J. t.. War.l No. aliivea belwciin 10 and il. .t sjavcs accorrtinic.ly llhetr rillio rreiV black; ictvi'etii I Wanda- W cc CO to c'.co COH- Mining, l-lupticul Fisheries, !No.'or. No. of which bj huic ritioa of above.. .Ko. of f Nov ov .No. nf cou.'itioa ujiuto No. of No., of Bobk-.Biridoi i, Deficits biiluir such-ratio: ii- T Mci.-oM I :ifi Capital siireDtcd'ia'-. (itinj, it tfiu K to Upon this' table, 5, .probabl'f, cessary to reniark'lljjs the sogjh b; one-half, or' 57 .-Mottii--.territory D'L'iicita below ''13 utB.havira corres- than the north, ponding balance of in her favor; te rej .ance aguns.t is notdi'te'rminable'liyiii rac'ting Ijer.ristii'nis from ours, bul by ting thcrji; from -the amounts to which t the ratio of territory baye, in round the [general ratio A W .S Si 'J O A R' X5 0 1 W 3 B T. .1. WH D- -pirati i'i in I'M anil ciH-.ve-iiicnci! iinsiii'iVwfil miil r. Wi jri-ii i fee! Iliii'. Hi'- 'A Ilio cl'lln: Vi 100. vi.-ars; of Asiht-fref blacks of 'the soulli, bo the only portion of the e vrnrli! wtvere slavery will i-xist. nll.-iclis all (he rest will be directed aqainsl '.lu-iii i lo-'whal will their stemily --iijisisi, but in (heir own strength? They should have; all die element? of n power'ul ralcn- sive. .empire. The Guif whi-rc i.iiii-n.-i i! their interest principally 1 wi, shoul.l hi: in particularly guarded; above till, .should they prevent Texas becoinin nun-slave- j loi.h holding Slate, or falling HDL'IT tt-jo control or influence of a government wliijii is Jms-! tile to their institutions, llic i XH i.' i., i .-_' ii tt n pro- India interest should be powerful i led itself. Had' the Brit.sl: W'lisi islands u white population of five millions i vivt-s, pi of souls, England would titvi-r have, nl-j aunih.v as templed emancipation. J ij ivo no conli- j denco ir.-4lic declaration, tha. lliu United it States will never consent ihal. Ti-.xas shall j iln: butt dependency of a poivcr. If rrvcieiire that power should hold out of! I IniiMin tin- slaves race, i! is uiiqueslioniiblc'tb'il.in any definite tract of country where neither of the classes iboring under .unfavorable, -influences h nre incidental to location or clinintfe, arc nn 1 1'r i n-ioii iiilir. IV. I'Ui-iwni-lli Daniel W. i'h-M. H'm. S. W. Uvrirv K- ll'llrant. Kll-i-y 'll. 1'iv.stor A Wuril, Conner. Sm-'y. S. '.I'.AKKU, Agent. June I, IS4-I. iii 1' und which- an: peculiar themselves, the I same physical ability and the Name degree of longevity, ho found (o'uxist. ll iii evident that in any portion of (ho country, the same, proportion, or II.ATIO, should exist between free blacks ot certain ages, and slaves of She siimti ages. As, for Jllusr (ratii.m, if nny town, county or stnte, has free blifcks under Miami 700 between' lO.nnd .should every 500 .slaves under -10, 7CK) U'liween 10 nnd 24. Thai its free) blacis under 10 and between 10 and 2'i, lire ju tho proportion', l.jju.id j pt- lyojyj .the-'pfo'pprlibni, ur ralio, beUv.t'cn the; nurilberi of its l nrili-r, BII. in riur h'.-iiJ lil'.; il slaves of those should bq lha 'Mis.. JIOOKs, MI. rm'r .I'l-i And upnn this, hypothesis are based the calculations :in Ihe tahle nnd the deficit or, excess, jn, stale, be- or easily.and corr nnil hoimci ttfiJ Mcilunis1 j't VK lUnitntii Enfclinb.nnd .Urriimii ;iv. Which aro iff' feroil wn tKo A Jis, mudtjlo IWflrcAiiiiiii 'J'niuhrra. Vuriicular ittcnlidit jtul privotft Milwjukie, Aun. WISCONSIN THIS Cvi.ipauy Rotilinua u nllqct Jfa'urtncri in, and on libaril receive toniiny traiixtfcRt uiher. monieil io which their charier, they aro IM I lor jio on New York. -Diitrall arid: I'lictlv duti'rtritncd. "'By-b reference to' the eorrospo.no'ing tcj tlm atato of ntraru, it will 'he I'OUIKJ that as her iiutTibcr of free bliicks to S.iSlfi, '.hf; number of; her free blacks Sc thtnornhiarpf her iiUv.eayn- Whic lc'r nii luirif of betw.een coinpBring with jnsm- -which 10 and 84, fini) thiit she has nn EXCKM of 444. It will also be "itnai tftat '.exirt in and -of Columbia, nml deficiui in ifuur Florida riloty of .laves Ar.THX. MlTCKZLt. Milwtnikie, W T, (hit between 24 and 30 the of isjio far that only thrac ftm! 1'lorida ej cats in abovo their ami that apd ijie duff cits. Tho exceiilflt irt r i land, Tenneniee, Kiirjlucjsty anct between '1-0 srtd which amount -1.o .THousAibip, entirely disappear we find in tiieirjistead, batvreeu 34 and 36, dcficiijs to the amount of over THoii- SANB br >nn aggregste off in those seven stales lilon'e, at over. Ariil the exUpt of these excesses and deficits tvveen 1.0 and ;ths cha'uge in them from 24 to 36, exhibits, so far as cAn'bii exhibited from the isensus, the extent of the Amjirican slave Jrade. But its extent cannot jpe fully dutermined, because the expulsion of free bl.icks 10 arid 24, .from: tjjie' slave .eS) bjrlproscriptij.'e' and. lH6 uiji'tKortsje'iji ,or uneiuthqr- ized conrersioji -of frjlsejSnen into slaves, miniifh tlieir present lesiamountK in the fifth column thuo would he iif jlpf llree Ulactss tili- in, M-ississiptii Mississippi rotitj (o isxcess siavce behVein '10' 24 ;''but by that 100 free blicks a' or clrive into ;f or: withoutfet authorit 410, anc ha Botlow i tris't'eihd 'Sf. she? WoUfd our reneh, mty oca ision in portion of the tabie; is of; little so ill that Mtwiuat rn igbl be .Willed by of all of SK7 a 12 i- i ofllic Secretary oftlie'Treasury and inserlwj licre !o Hie rlctibccasiuhec! 'by Itio iimissiii'n :of Bunk Stuck in llio Cciwus. To obtain-.thc.t'ruiliUn'ci) against'tho Soiiili, nt'tVioso'-uvcr 21) ivlio cu.'inot rcail iini'- rinnrljr tliu entire-.uiioiint. aliould bfi added to Ihutia tlui.t.ihle- rvvhicll vyoulj ---is------M would raiised. liy rjiillitinsii bf people, and the ratiofterrtlorji is as-Sifio to the south snoi> have si'jc teen rpil- lipBs instead of our lance of nine. inalea'dj three lihillfrtna! ia thus found, against hij .So thiit, justea'd of the capital, and of the annual ya'Jltijf.agricu'ltiiral dupts, in the 'as' appears on the face of the c'enij, n and slrttenient. of the :c.ise s Jts it to civer sever sited and .millions of. over Ihrct; .'Hundred .in of agricultural product! 'an nggiiegale Ipsis s annual, of of.'over onc'.'iltousaitil Tho loss consetjuenl Chip's and chains. hfre, the incen.live to.industrynd wHjch is fijiret1; by'the as sjien in the coiuirin, to .the aim increjjible num odl oNlp millions per one hundred, miilitmn in .ten years hundred million.-; more than three.times lyir Clay's estimate of ,1'ie ag- gijegale value of all their.slave population! that in exhibiting the .stale of apcl of the public belter justice would ba done to Ihesouth-by luiopt- ing the ratio of population, 1 have taken it as a substitute'for. the ratio of terrilory, in Ihe two last divisions of although such a change renders the results, except in. one case, far more favernblr to That is the item of persons over 2Ci who cannot read and write. The population the south being, less than ours, her number of that class should he proportionately less, und by deducting that less number from her emancipation, I doubt whelh :r "those now refuse to givs ax thait .-clos, it, i that event shed single drop of hlood in :i i cause which they vvill idr.'it fv perpetuation ol'idavery.1' _ Nirv new amiAlilulion arid I has adopted, rather by default than liir, i a strong vote. Otie j that the governor is lo be cho ihis yrav I by a general vole of ihi: peoph ill the same i 3 lima with the lujrislaluriigOii Ih -SHIi and (VV-ii of .Members of am! j j-''I' tots will be chosen on Ihe Dili and Gib I of November. Thus they have pri.siTivi: the fully of a two days' vclc. 13ut ihi-rc ;s very interesting rt-su-', from of th'o hill nl' r'gl-.is, i f irhich ihr is in xvon.'s haJ 3. All men tire by I'n inui.-- i pendent, a'.id have certain r.ali.M.I and nn- !ias I' Ulienalile righls, arnoiig which ihose uf- ei-c piijoyjtig mid'defendir.g lid- und liftu-ii quiring, pjotycling prdjierlv, fiit-Jn1 und of ijursuiiig and obtaining aufulv btauti Inippinc'ss. j 'I The-NevTarU Daily Ailv'-r'.i.-ct1 savs this ir.c I has ;S L A V K H iJ'in'.NJCW 1 .11CRSKY. Thank Cod for th.it. Uy .ilhi.-i arliui.u, as ni nry conse- slavery in all ji.s f it loiiillv abolished, and th.e -.if tho .italu a slav.: so they-refer iu 'MJUI UUK'I States nre Article in as follo'.vf: 17. .No person .shall he inirrisoni'd for debt in any action, or vudgmcn! founded'upon coiitract, unless n casus i) Iraudj bor shall person he iiiprisoiiei! for o militia fine in time of punci'. This article repeats so much nf ihifpres- eut shituld inqirist nnicM debt ns peri-nils an execution the ''1; person'ot the lc> he 1 upon UN i-'1 refusal, to appropriate >t crcdils, moneys or.ell'eclsi whii'h may bo in his possession or in th; o 'MIV other person, to his use, to (il any judgment oliUiiui'i.. uiainst hii: Aeluu: fraud must now lie pruvoJ to warrant of the (X'l.lw.-. Sin-h it. is ijclievcd, will l.-e '.hi lion of the courts. i 1 If this pulpit, Here mny he n hnnevcr or sinner bltviicly (slavery) gitill, ivitbin the liea it is false to i V'hcrcvcr with tl.i.s in-' nf its voice, be: silent Dunicl Webster. 1 inn for speedy, irnnifidiulc ul care not whnt crcoli r, .slavery inny iim fur ils Iut.i1, insl: O'Coxnct. Will .you vote a.'; well as tall; Hemenibrr Ihuiji that art: in bonds u.s real number, tbr, balance, is (ound to be greater than it appears on the face of the census. The" populaiion "near the hcnd of Ihe first 'two -'columns, Was taken frtiiu iin unollioml doeiiment; iind f.iuhd, whwn too, late for cortection, to contain triiltnf; error. The cmounis should have, been l-yg'jind But. as a cor- rection of the errors which liav grown out of it, Viould produce resnils still Irss favor- able to slavery, it is -prestlnied ihnt shnlj not expose tiiysolf to of n detsiru ty exaggeratCj hy allowing ihe tahle to go SJ it TAYLOR. I f BE THOU, _ ___ ____ 'jf'pne of the cliiijf instrujnts ofcorninul- nicating information, anbriiiing public j can.-speak that.Rrin nadressie'4' iin''nb 'piber. wa of- esSeJntirflly-all and- be'- nojclass rriation of more iinportancpaii nte'ri. Whaisocvcryi: would that olb-'i's shouid do unto you, ilo ye ejen ,so unto who supports is i.-c cucuiy of the whole jjumiii) i _ The Liberty party strive to tv '.ik vvcry j yoke and let the oppressed Smith. Go on i> fn .-lilf, spirit in ihisgrcut work of reform; ihi'U hciite- Ibrth .shall have a good man's Truth is omnipotent fiec discussion IHM glorioxis nrcna. i God hnth made of one hlood ni of- men to' dwell on all ihe fact: nf i 1 lillow Dot to. Iminaii '.he semhlance of rijjht lo eslublish Bintcy. We conutiend pious ttiinds ll eCoUov.- ing rctnirlts of Henry Clay, o in tin- United States Secate, >r; ly-i'j, il -.wppoit 'A Gbob VVhig and Demo- crftti'c Iciulers attach a liiiehty i'lnpo'rta'nce .1 I 1 j 4 tlllHUU Oliivus ,ii I, to on -tba tanfl. As on f lo 10 illustration ot the gfeat., inssunilanty ol yiewa entertaitit'd by tbwjj Itjadtrs, a frienej (if.otirs, on read (he senti- ments' of Clay, as set' forth iu bis Kaleigh speech, nnd those of as f iven in bis letter to Mr.. Knne, and lihiin c died oil an cr In i-iil, fit h I .TCtt-.qnii'rititer! afjt frpnfi-unntierarjle; 'jl more purpwe thili to resio iitalligiint Vyhig to say w'talch vns Clay's; whereupon (h.e Whig promptly laid claim to of Polfc. The experi- therit was tried threis iimes same with the game riesult. 'JJhe sr.Ivalion of the country I surely must idvpiihd on n prop- er settlement of Ibis graail.Viontipversy Liberty Gour'fet- ihe Sabbath: He profirsscd'ns grcnt a regai'-l.fi'f Snblnilh'pnd laws of as !inv his regarded h-gislutiou in llu-iw an eminent American professor eiice of malht'iimliw, us iiuilei'iii to be pui'sucd on the Suhbalh.' i the j ii enough j sccmla' inliciM e Richm ond Enquirer, ii; spi of i slavo trade, jays tli.it sliivi-s j.j. of or e million of doi ;irs have i ..-i jn wrij.-r of any r. -.n l( i.d t mv i-n'n, rr Irvl ANO C-oriel, tis jnst rtlfersy fearing GptJ 'and working rijfht'eousHesgi who shaJI Grille thy fear. -Ten a politir iHc donnl'stic lo the uiHouni of ore t bei'ti.senl from that cily to the So ilhiveai; aijd argues strongly for the luim'xa'iiun ol Tjtxas, localise thij price of ncjjroes will hi11 raised by it! It bc-en cstin att-d liy j Von: sqhiesoulheriimen, thul Annesalii ;i-would j intend vole riise tho'-'-vuluv of all too siares ,'ifiy per j said oiv: prulr.xs n; Accordinc to Mr- intond in vite t___; 11: _ _ _ Ei .'il.i "Ot. f n i: v >.H nl !lir V-'iu-m  vill if llx> Politiicl ii In pmAuf9 jnnaliixi tn t. t.   

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