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Wisconsin Democrat (Newspaper) - January 31, 1843, Madison, Wisconsin is TUB DEMOCRAT lUheileveri Tuesday. iiawber coiitcins the lop eat l, fordgrt, and domestic and ie sent off cMrWd'tT'otloBursiuul fit annum. in o tee, nti.r.r itt otfi-c, Of ttf one of our afenii.ov remit KXAPP fc Editors and Propxietor rs. FPQRLJD MADISON, W. T. TUES cCn') will be aclilet( tf payment t c .j.ifrfi thrre from the dute of '4Vt." Five copies v, 31 bo sent fcr whew il e accompanies he nnincn, and the pape-s. to 0'ie P oCice. 'coiuin micaiwns w.ll recalve 10 attention un- post pai'l. will beinser eJat 00 per f (twelve H'ics or under) fir the tint iiwe-- 1 j.i cents fur rvery ttiseriio i. A liberal tlitco mt >vill be made to those who fl.Jjr-tise by tho VCJT. AGKN F.S THE DEMOCHA T. The following jrenth rtien have to act s cents for the Wi-wontiu DmioaMt, and will c-i'i'i pay- ma. E. Esq. W. C. BN, Deleian. Gen. W. U Sn JnneirriJle. J. S. EM Green Bay. C. B. Jo.xj s, llacinc. C. Li oi n. Mineral Point. Brv EAJTMJUI, PL-ittrviJIp. A. C. Raui.iiH, Prairie nut money for fiuiscvi itions free of postage. POETRY JOB PRIN TIN GL H AVING on hari'l j> complete assortment >r new ami fashionable tyj-r, we arc prepare A execute every 'bins in the ehi.pr of BOOKS, AND EVERY OT-iER DESCRIPTION Of PfiUTINtt. Our type ircly new, "3 a f'tv i iletl o-, cr most of the olficcs in the T< r- rl'.ory, i'i point of execution; nn 1 as rpgai-ils toorlcrsandrcisonablccharjo, not be svrpi.f sed. JOHN Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Jr. T., JAJf. 3, J3-H. KT. Attorney at nt.d Solicitor in thanecrf, JMovtion, G REr.s C'o T. (AVowi Ifinckerbockerfor i TIIC HOME VALEN' INE. We fpcl somecnrority to I now, ithich cf these, beautiful effusions can-ifb o't the palm. But we have no ineaus ofpolliiy he taste of the Public: Jeweder tracret in sich den T jii, 1st anssen inch so lust'ger Sch- in.'' UEBKER. Still fond and true, wed led long, The bard, n.t eve retired. Sat mnsiugo'cr the annual son; His home's dear Muse ina; in ccriiaar, t to fear t 'h iloc.rol tiirl'o-i-t II oust-in Wuoster, Waj IKS t JitDty, Ohio, on Saturday, 18. 18-13, >u- hum-Mil 1( o'clock. .1. M. iiml-1 P. M. !u- following ro il f.i'ute. to nl two town It ts, Nos. o (Ji.vj an 1 10 (lenj iu I lock 7-1 (seventy- '0'ir attii.itcil in t'ic town of IX.ne ivnnty, ,uil Jots nilln.) i ivrly In-sold on said 'llKVKlf LlillMAN, Asmgreo. Vvoa-iLV, .Tin. 3, itM.'i. Territorial Medical Society, of tl o 'JVrritori il Sj< Io- '3 '.so ici'cby iiotiiled thntii meeting 11 e liekl nt tiic Ciijhtol iu y, ihe cHy ot'I'Ybi-n iry poner.il ai.'entli'iice tf the mombev nqiKs'fd, :u iinporiiuit business- I y order of ht: IVos-iflent: KIWAIJI) btr THE TWO INTIMATE RI L.VTIONS. FltlCVDjHir AND We wore boys togetbc.-, And nevf r can target The nnav llie 1 In cbildhooil wemt Nor tiic green home to memc -y dear, It3 sorrows -and itsjo v, Which called tho Iranei nt si iilc or tear When you and I were boj s. We ere youths tocotlicr. And castles Jjtjijt in air; Yo-ir ho irt wns lilco a fcathi r, While mine was rlashed ;th core. To you came n faith with in mhoLcl's prime. To me it brought alioj'i Xc or "nj', e in the p imrosi time When jou and I were bo_ 3. old men Tlie (nends welovrd of yt re. With of autumn v.ea her, Arc gone for uverrnovc. HowblesaV! to age tlioirapti qp given, The hope time ne'er dcsti ijs, Which led our thoughts frorn< arth When you and I were bo_; s. THE MAIDEN'S CONFSSglON. 'T was a starry niglit in June, Antl the leiues among, A tcuclcv aud n toiicliing tu le As over yet And there a in ssiiched in atoiil-siibdsiing soi 5, When sonic one huilorired fion "O, tu'x your itine. Mist Lib [Pic Fiomtfie Washington Sj THE OREGON QULSTiON. We have already stated, 1 we regard na most unfuilunate, tho 01 lission in tlie late treaty, to settle the Or 'gon question. That treaty is justified on xl o ground, (not the most kfij.) that it has teemed for us, peace. It lir.s saved us rom war with ia the pnsibnimo ts exclarnition of an ignoble advocate, it has failed to adjust Rr VG PRICE,
cri'ons in the Torri terry h-no ati.l continue to make, void ind 'w aid plow Sow, thcr 'for j, unless such to trutlic n saiil suits to sl.al! "ill bo nomitii -u't'i ajrnimt tlicm ncrordini; iis SMC raj e mailf an provided. J.T. Xnv It, iai'3. HALE 8'BOOK he i i now in Milvran :ec, at t.ie store l.ncl) ty R. Wells, ar cx- afsmrti lent of MWCKLl EOtS i mwt valuablo itaiwlar.1 vcrVs, sooth to say. tin qnestion, oi which war is destined to be t ic sole arbiter. To preserve peace, as thong i that were tho exclusive object of negotia ion, we Inve surrendered :i large portion jf not unquestioned, Ar. erican frrrito- Iry; we have stipulated lo indemnify the Ciiizcns of mutilated Stale and its joint proprietor, out of an exhausted treasury; have consen- ted to maintain an expensiv squadron up- on ihe fatal coast of Africa and we h.no assented to a mutual eurrei Jcr of crimi- nals., which is liable to tht-g eatcst abuses all this we have done to scci re p.jscc; arid yet we have indefinitely pas! wntdtlie very question most big with w.ir. Great Brit iiii does not lesign to yielt. her uiijustifiablc pretensions to the nioull of the Columbia river, cscej upon conipul sion. The advanlagt.s of ll e Oregon tcr ritory arc loo great ever tol 2 surrendered, unless by dire constraint. 'ogive an ide; of these advantages, we qu )te a striitini School Ix stock STATIONERY Cn Wrarping r-4 Mr. H to isxHmnivt ncort- of BLA VK BOOKS AND PAPER. l.ich and bs cold M wfll be Nor. trrw null ad for on the mow rea- p. ii u r. passage from ihe speech o Mr. upon tlie treaty, a speech cl ur.iclerizod bi remaikable ability, acutene? >and rese.ircli and to which we shall frequent occa sion to refer, as to a magazi le of facts, auc an ample store house of mat >ri I do not dilate upon ilw value and ex tent of this great country, l word sullice to display Ju it is Lrger tlui the Atlantic portion of tl e old tiiirteet United States; in cjimate, softer; in for tility, greater; in salubnl superior; position, betier, because fn utiitg washed by a tranquil sea. n all these par ticnlars, Ihe western slopn t f oi.r coijtinen is far more hnppy than ths t jstcrn. In COE figuration, il is inexpressibl fine and gran vast oblong square, wit t natural bourj daries, and a single gakw J tato the sea Thesnow-cappedRpcky Me jntuinsenclos it to the cnst, and iron bout d coast on tb west, a frozen desert on tJw north, mad san dy plains on the south. Al iva rivers, ri sing on the segment of a circumference i run to meet etch other ia Ue centre: are equally unknown. This is lha valley of the counlry whose cverjf advantage is crowned by advantages of pc- siiior and configuraiitin: by tiic unity cf all its inaccessibility of iu boi ils single inlrogression to sea. Such a country is formed for union, weal'h and strength. It c.in have batcno capital, and that will oc a Thebes; but on3 comriercial that will be a Tyre, qucei oTcities. Such a country can Inv3 but one people, one interest, one govern- ment and that people should be America a interest that governmert Rcpi bltcan. Accursed and infamous ba the man that divides or alienates it." Is any one weak enough fo suppose llwt Great Britain will ever peaceably surrender a country such as that so glowingly yet ac- curalely portrayed it) this graphic and an mated picture? Doubtless, Lord Ashbuv- ton had instructions to yield nothing on th s point, even if the refusal should involve an abandonment of iho negotiation. He must iheicfore, have been delighted, by the con- sent of ourgovernmcnt, to exclude this sub- ject from the negotiation. He, thereby, got lid of this greatest diflicully. But for (his very reason, wo should hive assented to no arrangement, which did not include this, the greatest of the questions at ipaue between Iho two countries. To gr.in our point here, we yielded omclhing clseuherc; without it, nothing, jlreat Biilain, partly by our lameness, par.- r by her encroaching activity, has already ccupied ihe norlhem hank of the Colum- ia r ver, and is excluding or annoying th? imcricanselller. f American emigration is flowing in that irec lion, and nothing can much longer rcvent the inevitable collision of the ?ic- erso adventurers. Our colonists arc en li- ng i pon the Government to support the r ighls, and we understand that Ihe subject vas lot pressed upon the attention of Con- at ihe last session, only because il vas expected that the eonlrovcrjy would e adjusted by the treaty. No one dreamed liat when an extraordinary minister was cnt to Washington, aimed with full pow- rs, ,is was alleged, to adjust all ihe points n dispute between iho two countries, a realy would bo concluded excluding the? nos. important of these subjects of co i- roversy. no man count upon peace, until onr absolute right to Ihe Oregon Territory is lelcrmined. The Pacific question was and e tho only one which really ihreatcns wrr. The American right will, doubtless, be irgcd upon ihe atlention of iho present and if il fails to act becoro- ;g-spirit and energy, the next Congress, vhith is to contain a Democratic majority, vill most certainly vindicate our claims with jecorning promptitude and energy. Stiong as a-e our political sympathies and antipa- wo nevertheless believe, that there are n the Whig ranks many honorable and jalriotic men. who, in a question of suoh vast and enduring import, will fotget tiic prejjdices of parly, and stand up for tie ighis of the country. In the mean tirnr-, we trust that the ad- mir; ble speech of Mr. Benton will be gen- eral y and attentively perused. That por- ion of it from which we have quoted, status with great clearness, and establishes most American claim (o cm Territory upon tli3 Pacific, while it poir ts out tha dangers to which it is exposed, and shows that it can only be >y the energy and patriotism of iho Ameri- can poople. This h not a narrow question of parly, and should bo regarded undei a bro; d and national aspect. To show the solicitude with which England constancy looks in this direction, wo republish iho following paragraph, of a lotier 1o tho edi- tor of tho Globe, from the U. S. shi p D i e, belonging to the Pacific squadron, datscl "Bay of Panurm, Sept. 23, 1812." "We sailed from Callat-, 7th instant, in conpany with the frigate United States 'Commodore Jones' Ibg ship) and sloop o! war Cyanc; but we separated from then, and bore up for ill's port on ihe scvenlh day out Just previous to onr dcpirturc, t-vo British ships of war (the razee Dublin, aid slocp of war sailed thence on sectct service! Of course this myptcnruh movement of Admiral Thomas elicited a thousand conjectures as to his distinaticn-, the most probabl? of which seemed to t-a, tha1 he was bound for the north-west cocst of Mexico, where il is surmised, a to be located, in accordance w th a secret conicntion between the Mexicin and English Governments! And it i.- amongthe on-dils in tha squadron, that thr frigates, the Cyaue and the to n dczvous as soon as practicable nt Monte-y to l.eep an eye urcm John Bull's move- me its in that quarter. "he establishment of a British post a tha t point would bo so hazardous to th ihe expenses cf tha Legisl iture of Wise jnsin. Wilh the opinions of the gcntlern :n whoso nimo are mentioned in tli3se "memoranda" in connection with owi, I have nothing to do; I ray- res jonsiblo to my constituents for my contluc; only; I regard the public officer as a ublic an agent, whosa duty it sloe rry out tlie wishes of those who elecl Mn so "ar as he can ascertain whnt those ire; and they whose agent he is hare, th' right at all times to call him to ac- cfcu il ft r the manncrin which he dischirgss bis rluM. I Inv no ambition to '-sec my nams in fid should not attempt an explma- tion of ny conduct, except in obedience lo rex calls of many of my constituents Tresc :alls I cannot refuse to obey, al- tlni gh d.ire not hope to satisfy all, when it is as 1 roadly and confidently asset ted as it is in t ic piper above mentioned, th it no t :an can or doe.s tiic, of the course pur sits J by Govern- or Doti." Where it is believed that an ho- ntst erence of opinion cannot exi.-itj I hovu IH hopo of vindicating ai n wil therefore be to satisfy only those wiir wit i mo think that men m iy dsflfur in Cf iricn and still be honest. J not only be- 1k v2 ih s, but I Eilso believe tint the sim.3 inJividi al rcny at different periods cntcr- cally different opinions on a given qveitici i? and in both be equally and pcr- fuclly J onesf. "To err is and w ien a individual discoveis th it he has cr> te-t tine J an erroneous opinion, ilia not a m irk o! cowardice or pusilaniinily to con- fess it; or, %vhen convinced of (lit: orror of op nion, is it magnanimous to persist in aining it? Fslt o the memorandi." It is true, and }'i'tit be tint I was ii nernbc of the Legislature at the session of Ingratitude neTer so thoroughly the human breast, as when it proceeds frm those in whose behilf we hare baen guiltv of the language of Gov. in his com- mmicitioit tu Cot one of Ihe branches of tho "nil subse- quent appmprii.tloi.s have been made an- niully, in Ihe satm mid for which the terms, and tie year na- were ma Jo. That for tlso your 1842 is in all respects the same as in pieviotis years for a session, but They are for a vear. m tdf, not No matter wietif them ______ ritp have boeu fi r ttu Legislaturd has just W.'ionever the c hrus an for i pi.st ycjr, il lias buen in thu law. Th' in the year diiion lo for cxpthsoi 'opria ion for defraying ihe expenses of iie LP ;islttivc Assembly of the Territory >'Wis to ascertain whence :iisarit3n the difficulty heretofore existing, in proc uing for disbursement tlicsa ap- propria ions, and to inquire into the ex- padren -y of memorializing Congress lo P.IESSU ;han act as may be necessary, so as to 'iavf all the appropriations made for the use of he Legisl.uive Assembly, in advance of tho sitting of said Assembly." These t! c instructions of tiis House to that Comru ttce. Several causes of difficulty vcre a .s'gned by the Committee in their iLepori, and among ihe res', wis lint bow many session: may be held, the appro pri.-nicn is for the ear. When then dor; the Legislative year in our Territory conn icacc. Let us examine this point.- By tho fourth section of lha or- ganic 1 >w, it is provided that the House of Representatives shall consist of twenty- s'x w jose term of service shall continue txo yea -s." In August, JSJtS, twenty-six in ombe is of the House of Repre- S3ntatives wore el'i-tcd, and in October of that year, commanded and held a fn November, 133 these sainrs iwenty-aix members, with tlu Council, communced and hcid another osston. which, continued until tha 20th of anuary, 1833. Now if ihc opinion of tha 'jovenuir be correct tint "no other than th s calendar yp.ir appsars to be recognized by tho laws of this Terri- tory, or of the Uui ed Htatcs, in proscribing the term of service of then Iy all actspissud Ly that Legislature, after the close of the calendar year, 1837, arc null and void, beer use the term of of all tho member, of the House of Repre- sentatives expired it tljat lima. But look slill 'urthcr; thcso identical members of the He use of llcprewntdtivcp, not content with hiving extended their ses- sion of 1837 into the following year, did, in the month of June 183S, with the Council, meet and hold a ssion! and did then and there prelond to enact laws I nod the poo- pie of iho Tcrritoi 'luvo been aoft enough to regard them as binding! and. can it be believed? Congn-ss w.is stupid enough to pay the look as Iho' "no othar thin th calendar your has hcon rccdgnisod by tho 'aws of this Turritory, or of the United If the Govornor he correct, then lioso members, elected fur only two years, bold their iic- ted as Legislate! 3, for the term of t'trec years, viz: nnd 33. But again: By nn act of Congress, ap- proved Juno 12, 833, tho term of olfice of ihesc very members was terminited, al- though, according to Goty. Doty, it lud al- ready expired by i sown limitation. tion 1C, of tli.it icf, begin.-) as follows: "An'l be it fur lite i citiietctl, Tbal from and after the day name J in titis act, 3d July, term of the members of iho Coun- cil and House of of tbu Territory of Wisconsin, to hivu thf-n p-ovides for anew cleciion. Did Congress suppose (hit hjcause tiiey were elected in 1835, for two years, that therefore, their term of olfice expired wilh the year 1837? Evi- dently not. In pi rsuance of the provisions of this law, in Ihc "ill of 1838, an election was held, and twenty-six members of the House, and thirteen rncmbcrd of the Con n- c Ijwcie electcd-'.he members of tho ILiuse for two years, arid those of tho Council for four years. Now let us enquire; into t'wir proceedings. In November, 1833, ihcaa men assembled aril hold a session, which terminated ia D ;comber following. In January, mot again and held an- other scsiion, wh ch terminited in M.irch following. Agdir thoy mat in Djcombur, 1S39, and contitiu3d their session tillJan- uary 13, 1830. J lore again imitating tlie example of thoi; v ickcd predecessors, these t 0'iecl ia the of the rnembeis of tltcs werc in rjr. I'rom tho fact tint were no finds u hand lo meet expanses, the cjirnni tee jumped at the conclusion iliit appropriation had not yel bocn rmdo; and tal ing it for granted that this w.ss tho not for a rnomont doubt as to expediency of memorial z.hig Con- on the subject. Su bsoquent reflcc- Hie 2rc3d eaacting lawj, w govern ua, for thir- teen days after th iirtcrm of office had expi- red! But thcit su lacitydocs riot stop hero; these very men ain met in Atifjust. ib and again alfyctet to pass Id'.Vb! and yg.iin, Congress in stupidity, Kjots bill land what id equally s irprising, during the cal endar year I83D tho Logieliiuro wia t 01, a .d a moro thorough exim'nation of j session cigkty-dai s, arid still tho Govornor t IE liv 3 of Congress and of iho says "no other th in tha calendar year op- harc 1 d ma to a different conclus'Dn. 1 to be recogt ise'i 1-y the l-nea oft'tin erred, nd am sorry for il; and (whit 1 re-; Territory, or rfJie United States, in pre- grtl m >s! of all) the drafting of tiio momo- scribing the term >f service of officers! 1-t wa May 1-iat an npptoprlnijon of __ niudo as usual, tud subsequently another act was passed, p rov'ding for the ttttlcntext cf arrearages. If fjrmcr Leg slatnres hive orrrd in ting a gi-eater IK mbor of days tlr n lowed by law, if they e more munoy th'ti has been appropr.ated for them, and hive Iraa'n appro- ilmt i: no fault of the prewnc Asse nbly nor id it gxkd rea- son why iho pc tit iho present liny) s'loutd Le deprivi d of the benefits t-f Lcgfe. l.uion. It is tru tint the last Legislature did pledge the noncys be hereafter op- for the" redemption of tbo drafts or bills isst ed by lh-j Treasumr of the Territory, as rec'ininuntlod by the Cover- nor. By this ac thoappropiiation of 1842 is no more sd ilnn those of 1543 and '44; all future a iprdpriation? session, to cotnn tho first Mind.iy in Doceiriher, jMlwithalauJi-jy on a former occa iion, I expressed i differ cnt opinion. If a cinnge of iscansciraljlo, (hen am I so; but for tnyst-llj I Inve no respect for iho man, whr, upon ovidenuc, wil! not sutler his opinions to bo chnnged, and when tny optnioi. s cannot clunged un- der such circ-um.- tancos, I nuidt to re- this, spect myself. But tho J hive done wit.i tlio "me sarn Unqutrof centaina another scritnia clnrgo, to which I am also uncloi tin painful necessity ol" gailty. It roads as iullovj: U.irhcr :i.iid, 'Th As-ombly c.'in g. on now, and pcrforit) its 1 itivo functions, it fait If tho conclusions to which I hivo nirived be cnrrcct, that nppropruition of nr.de in MayUat made for ll a prosent, and not for a past whose torm vn ol the term of two y :ars. Gov. Do y contend tint thckst ib int yet so tin' prior to thepn-sci have been r isstipj -Hjd, by virtue of his litre. To, .si >iut ff the L 'iil'i'ioe and of tho itt The distinct org-iaizct. Loji-'l in tlie ngrog.ito for six years. There Ij.iye been seven mndo by Uon- grcss. In May, .ippropu.-ition w.is made for a Lsgisl ittirrj yet to be circled. In to be u -rr'ifj in to J to UT'y rn but'o. o. pjn ills and vonchcis presented. Why til.e tl 8 trouble to estimate appro- j riatio is, when the expenses have already j and the items become known? ItwoiUJ be an absurdity. But let us ex- i mine further these acts of n uat govern us in this njaiterafier all. In j .pril, 183S, lljo law was pissed or M-iy, ISd'-i, an aj propnatiou w, s in precisely the aim-' it is can- tended that li.u bern ex- wi sinafle lor the of the Legislature term of olRco Ins al- reidy expired. Jf tliis be clu-iioit cannot bi avoided, fiat there his been a period the ith July, ffMdy at rovinc 3 i.f tho Ciovcrnor to de upon tc; pro.iesit to him bills and rojolq tiotis fu- his app-oval; and if pieicnted, his rcfiHil to ap c.tnnot pretenithfir btctrtnifiif liw. I csiie-'ive tint tlit4 ess'., thu rufusi! tit' Governor lo niha the Irgtliiy of ilia acts of the was Ind in v cw, wh.in thoarnoi and the -1th July, 1312, one Leg's- '1J flfff'n'c la .v was lit tic Assembly, i. e. mem'jtr? for] tea years, h. vo imd exptn- dc-d appropriutionj it f three yeurs; or in other words, the a ipropriation for some one of these three ye trs tus been intended for and applied to tin payment of the ex i iranizi -g our TerriUwial Government; in srs-f some other year, in ad-ihion to fi llowtng, the first appropriation was appropriation already nnde. then, o defray the expcoaes o'f the Legis, 1 aakfd.d these a to UMro umihofurc the fora future, and Ijctrin made fur expenses was before the Ttr- vas the members the were of before the of was hrld. matie for a future, and tot'C irrtda fur a pctl Legishtim T Tliorc h ive boon but three Legislative Aajetiibltt-s rI'.-cted, for HT t bxvc its Lcgi think I hnv< thui the Asdotnb y could, Iho tir'io I i :d iln opiri nd at any other tine, in uid porfona --iaiivc fu that If it U possib c for oflo, to tlw h is and cnu uf ft MHjtort. in hiitrt b iff expn TCT tovhsn
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