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Madison Capital Times (Newspaper) - July 6, 1974, Madison, Wisconsin THE CAPITAL TIMES Grandma on the go MADISON WIS Saturday July 6 1974 Arthur Rubin 18 has Caltechs number Boy math genius has eye for figures ByJIMSTINGLEY The Los Angeles Times PASADENA Calif Arthur Rubin is to the mathematics world what Pegasus would be to the Kentucky Derby In the universe of cal culation he is a 400pound wrestler matched against Don Knolls At California Institute of Technology home of many of the nations most brilliant mathema ticians and scientists Rubin is the guy the profs go to when they cant figure out a problem Ask Arthur is heard around the faculty about as much as pass the bread is heard around the dinner table The fact that Arthur is barely 18 years old has nolhing lo do with it At Caltech it isnt how many scholarly grayhairs you possessbut rather your capability thinks enough of Rubins potential to pay his way through His capabilities are as yet undetermined He is so far ahead of anybody else in the mathematics world lhat the question of what lies ahead for him hasnt really come up According to Gary Lorden Rubins un dergraduate adviser a person of Rubins power shows up in this country about once every 10 years Lorden cites the Putnam exam of an Olympics for undergraduale mathematics students all over the country and as an example of Rubins capabilities Really terrific students might be able to work out two of the 12 problems on the exam A truly sensa tional performance would be to solve six or seven of the 12 problems Last year Rubin knocked out 11 of the 12 problems And if you think you know the sig nificance of that consider one of the problems he knocked out A game of basketball is played with a change in the scoring system field goals are vvorlh A points and free throws are worth B points where B is smaller than A Now it has been noticed thai certain point lolals are never attained by either team when this scoring sys tem is used There are exactly 35 unattainable point totals One of these is 58 Find A and B What is the answer Lorden was asked I dont know he said Ask Arthur Arthur who doesnt exactly not resemble Alfred E Newman blinked behind his hornrims A equals 11 and B equals 8 he said not very excitedly This is typically Rubin Mr Excitement he is not His handshake could hardly be called a handshake he points his hand at yours and lets the flesh collapse To him relevance is the elite world of cal culation a sphere with a language and poetry of its own There isnt much in the outside world that interests him Certainly not girls Or cars Or dope Or booze There is one wordly thing he watches Star Trek But not like most fans I monitor what they present to see if its feasible he said They are dealing with more physics lhan mathematics but it still fascinates me Im not sure why Their time warp speeds do not seem to be related to any speeds relative to the normal slate But aside from that the show seems rather consistent generally Arthur almost smiled Ive heard rumors that the cube of the warp numbers is supposed to be the speed relative to the speed of light Im not sure I jusl play with that Another worldly thing is pinball I like to play pinball I apply mathematics though its really more applied physics I calculate how much I have to average on each ball to get the game Since Rubin is a long way from home his parents are both malhematics professors at Michigan State and not the most socially active young man in Pasadena there is the possibility of loneliness No not really Its fairly interesting ac tually he says Im enrolled in both the graduate and undergraduate schools and that keeps me busy Translated that means lhat 18yearold who is only two years away from his PhD in mathematics works very hard in areas such as English and language has tremendous fun breezing through the heavy mathematics schedule and occupies the rest of his time aside from watching Slar Trek and playing pinball being of general service to his profes sors How about humor What makes him laugh I sometimes laugh when I think of some strange combination of items in math for mulas he said Im sorry but I cant give you an example of that at the moment Do you laugh at anything else Comedians People I laugh at some of the comedians I dont remember who But usually not very much And people I dont find anything that humorous about people Rubin said At age 79 life stays full By LORNA WHIFFEN Of The CooMxK Stuff Stella Macaulay is a lively woman who looks like a grandmother ought to look Pleasingly plump with white hair a scattering of wrinkles on her pleasant face and a ready smile shes 79 years old and doesnt care who knows it In her tiny apartment cluttered with books magazines and comfortable chairs she acknowledged she had been ap pointed by President Nixon to the National Voluntary Service Advisory Council of ACTION She guesses she was included on the committee because of her work with VISTA some years ago and for her role in the Foster Grandparent Program FGP at Central Wisconsin Colony and Training School and currently at the Oregon School for Girls In addition to VISTA and FGP senior volunteers in ACTION are active in RSVP SCORE and the Peace Corps She flew to Washington DC early in June to attend her first twoday meeting as a member of the committee While there she was appointed to a subcommittee to develop new ideas for using workers in attempts to help the less for tunate Shell meet with the subcommittee members in Chicago to share ideas and expects to return to Washington about four times a year for regular committee meetings She has a daughter and three of her 13 grandchildren living in Silver Springs Md and being able to see them more often is a bonus to the committee appointment All the committee members are marginally paid workers she said As a FGP I earn an hour and can work 20 hours a week 1 She manages to get along on that plus Social Security Ive always lived at the poverty level she explains Besides Im a great money manager If I want to save money I just dont buy anything A native of Madison she attended the UW and received her degree in 1917 when the graduating class consisted mostly of women since many of the men had left for World War I two months earlier She taught mathematics first in northern Wisconsin and then in Hamilton Montana where she met her husband Neil who was a teacher and coach at the same high school On their second wedding anniversary the Macaulays were in Madison visiting her parents Since a teachers wage was very small in those days they decided to stay in Madison and Neil entered the building trades They had lost an infant son Donald Philip in Montana but five more children were born to them Marie Bill Philip Nancy and Rachel When Neil was killed in a construction accident in 1949 two of their children had graduated from the University of Wisconisn With three more to go Stella worked as a telephone operator first for the Bell Telephone Company until she was 65 and then for five more years for the state until that job was phased out Out of a job and her children all with university degrees Stella did some volunteer work for a while including cam paigning for Humphrey and McGovern Then she joined VISTA and taught for a year among the Menominee Indians and for another year among low income families in Baltimore Md She returned to Madison in 1967 I had to find something to do she said I just couldnt sit around in an apartment looking at four walls For a while she did volunteer work for Head Start and left that when she heard of a need for foster grandparents at Central Wisconsin Colony and Training School From there she transferred to the Oregon School for Girls where she has become grandmother to about 22 girls She counsels them when needed works with them on various projects such as gardening and just listens Its a real challenge she says Stella Macaulay a Presidential appointee to ACTION Staff photo by Dave Sandell Looking Backward by FRANK CUSTER Fifty ago Local sports fans are still talking about how Harry Sweet won the featured events a marathon run and the 100yard dash on the Fourth of July sports program Mr and Mrs Melvin Knndson 1118 Jenifer St and their daughter Marion are guests of his mother Mrs Jacob Knndson and his brother Albert Knndsoa DeForest YWCA girls who took part in an overnight hike are Merle Nickles Gladys Otis Ruth Page and Molly Mason among those going to the YWCA Camp Maria Olbrich for the next two weeks period are Mary Gulessarian Virginia Hovey Halberta Steensland Barbara Trachte Patty Mason Ruth Menges Elizabeth Tenney Dorothy Cook Sylvia Peterson Betty Thorn and Ann Tenney The newest light six automobile here is the Flint Forty a modern car in every respect with 48 horsepower for sale at the Madison Flint Co garage 819 Regent St advises an ad vertisement Forty years ago Ellsworth Donner 716 Conklin PI a drum major at East High School has won a scholarship to Drake University Des Moines la for his outstanding work Jacob Mintz proprietor of the Campus Clothes Shop is a delegate from the Marion Cranefield Post to the Veterans of Foreign Wars convention at Green Bay The Madison Service Shop 113 E Doty St is seeking contributions of second hand materials to meet the clothing needs of the poor during the summer Dont spend a cent for sporting goods until you attend our sports sale adveritses Wisconsin Sporting Goods Co 221 State St Mrs Charles Broughton Blanchardville is a guest at the home of Mrs Mildred Moe 220 Dunning St Mr and Mrs R E Showers and daughter Virginia 1246 Williamson St were guests at the Hartman Olson cottage Lake Waubesa A new Royal portable typewriter is offered for by the Stemp Typewriter Co 533 State St Ttcenty years ago The section of land between Odana Road and the Illinois Central railroad tracks has been petitioned for annexation to the city and awaits approval by the City Council following the ac tion work will be started to run Midvale Boulevard through the newly annexed area to complete the road between University Avenue and Nakoma Road A new allpurpose building is being erected on the Dane County Fairgrounds new portable bleachers capable of seating 2500 people are also being erected at the fairgrounds A wind and rain storm which hit Dane County and Madison knocked out long distance cables of the Wisconsin Telephone Co between Madison and Mil waukee Dear Abby Moms double standard puzzles daughter BY ABIGAIL VAN BUREN DEAR ABBY Im a 19yearold girl who is getting more and more confused about the word morality Who decides what is morally right My parents Society The law Or should I make the decision myself My parents are divorced and I live with my mother She keeps company with a nice enough man but they go away together for weekends and Im sure they do more than hold hands I dont know why they dont get married Meanwhile my mother doesnt want me to stay out too late with my boyfriend Hes in law school and we cant afford to get married until he graduates He doesnt see anything wong in premarital sex but it jusl doesnt seem right to me Ive been able to hold out so far but why should I The pill is available so there is no danger of my getting pregnant Besides we love each other so whats wrong with making love Im sure my mom thinks its okay for her to do what she does but shed have a fit if I did it How come the difference in standards PUZZLED DEAR PUZZLED Yow mother tike most mothers regards you as her responsibility not as a mature young woman who can accept the responsibility for her own actions If yom feel sufficiently mature and competent to set yonmm standards for yow own reasons do it Who deddes what is morally With the help of yowr learning examples experience and conscience and with an eye for consequences YOU decide And God bless ABBY I am 55 and recently remarried Shes a terrific woman who is close to my age My problem is that some of my tactless friends keep reminding my wife that my exwife was pencil slim and dressed like a fashion plate Now my present wife is determined to diet down to skin and bones I think this is ridiculous I dont want another skinny woman whose main concern in life is dressing to the nines and keeping her weight down and who quite frankly looked like a prune in the raw How can I convince my wife that I like the well padded soft cuddly woman she was when I married her PREFERS A PEACH The truth of the matter is polygraph tests are open to question I I By EMMA PULLMAN The Let Times WASHINGTON A young woman working for a chain food store in California was charged with defrauding her employer and forced to undergo a lie detector test She was fired when she scored unsatisfactorily on this question Did you check oul ilems to your mother at a discount Later investigalion revealed that her mother had died several years ago and the question had evoked an emotional response the polygraphist had read this response as decep tion An independent market in Florida asked its employes to submit to polygraph tests to discover the cause of some in ventory shortages While no employe was charged with theft three were dismissed for refusing lo take the lest A worker in Akron Ohio lost his job after a plant guard accused him of stealing company property He was cleared when the guards story developed discrepancies and a lie detector test indicated he had no knowledge of the crime I The first two cases are cited in a study entitled The Lie Detector Guilty Until Proven Innocent The third is included in a booklet by the American Polygraph Assn APA entitled The Polygraph Technique Dedicated to Mans right to Verify the Trulh The Ihree cases are Ihe resull of a recent phenomena in business the use of lie deteclor devices to curtail thefts by employes J Kirk Barefoot chairman of the APA legislative law committee says the practice is not widespread It is used selectively by some industries of sensitive nature he told the House Committee on Govcmmenl Operations last month during its inquiry into the use of lie detectors by federal agencies The AFLCIO reports that the device is used by re tailers banks brokerage firms food and drug chains and delivery services It says lie detectors are used for pre employment screening periodic checks on workers and in considering promotions Security World a magazine concerned with induslrial and commercial protection estimates that businesses lose billion a year through thefts Of this 75 per cent is due to thieving employes According to the magazine most of these losses are nol reported to the police and are handled by the security department of the store or firm concerned Most employers said their tests were voluntary But the AFLrCIO contends that given a choice belween taking the test and not being hired refusing and not being promoted or refusing and being the object of suspicion by both employer and coworkers very few people were refusing Opponents of the lie detectors notably the American Civil Liberties Union Sen Sam J Ervin and labor unions view their use as a step toward George Or wells 1964 Among the reasons they cite are the unprovcn validity and reliability of the lie detector method and invasion of an individuals privacy in violation of his constitutional rights Investigating the use of lie detectors by agencies of the federal governments the House government operations subcommittee under the chairmanship of Rep John E Moss DCalif reported in 1965 There is no Lie Detector neither machine nor human People have been deceived by a myth that a metal box in the hands of an investigator can detect truth or falsehood This report led lo the virtual nonuse of polygraphs in the federal government The ACLU and labor unions point to this the Moss subcommittee report and the fact that lie detector evidence is not admissible in a court of law as evidence that the devices validity is in question misnomer and that the person being examined has to believe in the machine in order for it to work He has got to have some fear of having his lie detected by this technique Prof Fred Inbau told the Moss sub committee He has to have some respect for it Inbau coauthored a book on lie detection with John E Reid a leading polygraphist The polygraph measures three things The change in the blood pressure respiration and the amount of sweat the in dividual is producing These physiological changes are recorded on a graph These changes are then interpreted by a trained expert who armed with background knowledge of the case deter mines whether the individual has lied The premise of lie detection is that wtien a person lies he undergoes physiological changes The instrument itself plays a rather minor role in the conduct of a lie detection test according to Prof Inbau Consequently the technique is no better than the man who is making the diagnosis Polygraphists admit that the name lie detector is a
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