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Kewaunee County Enterprize (Newspaper) - April 11, 1860, Kewaunee, Wisconsin GARLAND, VOLUMK I. WE LABOR. FOR PROGKES'S, IMPROVEMENT, '.A SOD HOME INDUSTRY. PUBLISHES. WISCONSIN, APRIL 11, ,1860. NUMBER HE KEWAUNEE ENTEltPlllZE wn.r. isi: MOiJMNC, 3. D. OAKLAND, i rl.JU. il Ij'-l'jC ol iho liisl Publisher, I'KR A.S'.N'UM. ihu expiiulion OK AlJVKKTISlNCi. 'i no Ic'.is. nun iii.v.'riinii, Tivu iiMiTl IMIIN. rfro K.icll snlMi.'I'Hrlll insertion, iifl r.iirfiii'-Ki C.u'iU ill livi; liinjd.oiie year, uuliiiMii inie yi.'ur. '10.00 iiMi.1 li ill riiliniiii ".IK.- On.: luiirlli riiliniiii mil1 Vein1, tti.OO Inilf column six iiinlllli.M. 1'l.OU in..' h-ill column (hrrr S.OO months. (i.OO John H. M. Wiginan. N'UTAKV I'UIJIJU A.M.) UUNKItM, will iiliciid fuiilifnJly- tu the nl' und ul'tuXC.1 to :iny mliiM1 ImsiiK's.x in llic r-'iicli, (i'.Tiiiiiii .end Midland in town of (ireen Uuy, liivwn i'.i inly, hiill'u mile ii'ji ill uf l-'rench O'ntln.i- in: liny .S-irliMin..iit. NIIV. IJT Xnvier Martin. I'l.'lsi.Ks A.VIJ GKNKKAL mid O'niiveyiiiicer. Will Mllciid In iiny lm.-iiiii.-N.-i !iii r.ir-. in cither lliu Kn.L'lisli, French i1 in Uuy in-ill- (iivi-n Uuy. IJriiivn C'litnly, Win. I'. IV Si-It Isl I'SI'U. Judge of Probate's Office, r nl' mid Milwnukre.Su'eels, .M'.M-'.i: CdltV. .It-iiiiK. FAKMEBS' COJRN'EIl.. Clerk of Die Court's Office, -r o! Ijllis ami Milwuukcu Streets, MM: I'HTKHSIJN, UI.KKII. 1) Sheriff's Oflice, l.'tlis, i.f .Milwiinki-i; Strei.-t, IvrWlllllll'l.1- I.. VAl'CillN. SiiKinri'. County Treasurer's Office, iivu ilniT.i U Y.-.I K I.. IIA.M Clerk oi' the County Board ui- 'i' nt Klii> uinl Mil Wcinkee Streets, WIUIIM'I'. 10. Ci.Ktiii. Register's Uiiice, n'-iHT uf mid .Milwiiukci.1 Slrix-l: ANDKKKCC. l.'Kiiis-riiu. li. Deckc-r, XOTAJIV PUBLIC, lOllis "iiul D. D. Garland, NOTARY PUBLIC, nl Mini .Milwiuikuc Streels, C. W. Dikeman, JU STICK Of TlMi I'flACK, iVn-i-. "I' I'.'.lis mid J.uku Slivc! W. S. Finly. JtTSTJCli OK Till-: J'KACK, '.illici1. on lOllis, two iluurs ol' Muiu 0. G. Kouse, JLuSTJClv OF T11H PEACH, Ulicf. mi Iliirrisun Kuwuuiiec. Lynian Walker, DISTRICT ATTOOKY I'm- th'- nl' Audrcns Evelaiui, DKl'UTY bllKLUFF, Snmucl Unapell, COLlOXKIl, AlllltMH'l1. G. W. Elliot, LAND AGKNT, AlS'D COUNTY SURVEYOR, M. Simon, NOTARY PUBLIC. Aliin'l'i'r. L. Walker. 'NOTARY PUBLIC. J. L. M. Parker, NOTARY 1'UBLtC, Levi Parsons Jr.. NOTARY PUBLIC, Aliin'I'P'1. L. Wulker, ATTORNEY COUNSELOR At Alnii-pi'i1. Levi Parsons Jr., PHYSICIAN SURGEON, [From the Gcrmantoien The Culture of Fruit. IS TWO NL'.MIIKUi SO- 1-.; Within the last twenty years a remarkable change hus taken place in the profits of fruit-growing, which iias produced a corresponding change in the attention .given to its As the pro.fits from the production, of fruit are greater in the neighborhood of lafjre cities, where the demand is constant, the cost of sending to 'market and the injury from transportation' trifl'ing, and where on these "accounts the fruit can be readily furnished in its most perfect ripeness and iriost sale- able order; it would seem that to persons so situated these circum- stances should induce them1 to seek for the best methods of culture, the best and most profitable 'kirids to cultivate, and the varieties of each kind following in succession from t'ne earliest to the latest ripening, so as to extend the'sclling season to its utmost limit: and as the prices have increased from a more general use of fruits among all classes of the community, and as the use n'tVd de'; mand evidently continues to increase, it uflbrds reasonable; grounds to be- lieve that it will not, only continue to be profitable for a long lime lo come, but that it will be increasing- ly so. 1 propose in these commun- ications to give some suggestions respecting; the man agoim-nt of orch- ards in Philadelphia and adjoining counties, derived mainly from my own experience and observation. The usage hitherto has bison to nit one Jicld or'part of a1'.field with apple trees, on each plantation, argc or small, and to subject the. whole, (the orchard to tlie usual rotation of farm crops, y a year of each of Indian corn, oats and wheat, then from three to ive years in grasses, which for the most of the time were timothy and "Teen HTJISS. 1 believe that in ,re- "I O quires only a careful and reasonable examination of this course to show that it is injurious to the growth and productiveness of tho trees. Dur- ing the two years thatHhc plowing is continued, every root within ihe depth reached by the plow must be cut off, and the tree must be sup- ported by the remaiiihig roots and rootlets in the subsoil, having how- uvcr some ad vantage from the ma- nures generally then applied, and from the open state of ihe soil and its frequent stirring by the plow and cultivator. Then follows'several years, (generally three to in which the surface is covered by fibrous-rooted grasses, the rodts closely matted near .to. ihe requiring .much of the moisture furnished by rain andidew for their support; and which evidently. must result in the apple tree roots sending out rootlets towards the surface lo obtaiii the necessary support, and to battle wilh the grasses for a share of the advantage ol' ihe surface soil; and through these means obtaining a considerable part of .the support of the tree from the soil within the depth reached by the this support thus commenced after the last plowing, must annually in- crease during the years that the plow is not used till the tree is principally supported': from ro'ots in the soil within reach ot tho plow, when in the .regular, rotation ,it shall be brought into use. And now the time has come.when the lield is to be plowed to plant Indian corn, for .which llic plowing is required: and those'roots of the tree that are within.reach.of the plow-share and which have been a very important support of the tree, are ruthlessly cut away, leaving only (he roots and rootlets in the less fertile subsoil for its sus- tenance; (.bus very largely :diminish- ing its powers of growth and produc- liou of fruit. .This..regular, period- i6 alternation of growth and -mutila- tion, "together- with the unending struggle wilh the gi'bwing' crops 'of grain and grass, cati, hardly "fail to shorten, the its growth and limit its productive- ness and the dwarfish' ear- ly, decay of trees so treated'; 'are sufficient ihat.i'c" is so- the'course described.I would proposc: the following1: So- lect the ground, having regard to tbe quantity that .cim be annually manured without much affecting the other parts of the farm enclose -it. 'with a good fence, with the iindcr- standing'that no. hoof is to. enter upon it for the next ten years, ex- cept'those of the horses while, en- gaged in its .cultivation plow and Eiibsoil'it, putting it in good order as regards tilth and fertility plant thrifty trees, two or three years from the graft, from five to seven feet in height, well .branched, (ihe mode of planting hereafter the distance between the trees may b'e from twenty to thirty-three feet as extremes let the intervals between the trees be cultivated either witlr the smaller fruits, such as currants, gooseberries, or raspberries or if preferred by an intermediate row each way ,of peaches or quinces, which will probably die out before they will much afl'ect ihe apple trees: or if not, they must be taken away. But if it is not thought proper .to plant the small-fruit trees or bushes, the spaces mayvbe dian corn, potatoes, turnips, or used as a market, garden or truck patch, till ihe branches of the' apple trees approach each other within six or eight feet immuring is necessary for these crops every year, and not farming with wheat, rye, oats, or grass; permiting the branches of the trees to commence at four feet from the ground, thinning (but not so that vvlion grown they shall not be too close. In cultivating the intermediate the plow should not go near-, er 16 the1 trees than to the extreme ends, of the branches plowing and .crossing at these distances till ibe intermediate space is.reduced by .the. of ihe trees to eight feut or Lhereabouts, when plowing and cul- tivation, should' ccaau, continuing nevertheless to keep up the necessa- ry fertility'by annual or periodic top- dressing of ashes, lime, stable or other manures .and then at least during the early, part of fruit season it would be advantageous ,to ..put swine in a few -hours of each to. eat .up the fruit that falls turly from being punctured by in- sects. The trees should be trimmed an- nually, promptly removing cross- growing and unnecessary branches at one year's growth, so .that, it would .not time be necessary to cut off a limb of .more Ihaii one intfh in diameter.'1 ;Th'c advantages of planting yoiirigy thrifty small trees are, that they suf- fer little from transplanting, .require no istakcs, which often- abrade the trees, branch out nearer the ground; so that the hc'ad'of the tree shades 'the', stem from ihe.rays of the sun, which frequently destvoyes the bark "on long stem- med trees.more especially those that from prevailing winds incline east- wardly. In selecting suitable places .for planting-orchards, we'can by obscrv- iii" discover' that gerier; ally each :as.lr0.ak; .chesinut, or.Jess affect particular situations ence to others, and therefore may suppose that- some situations -arc better suited to llie'rip'ple tree! than others, notwithstanding its' long ac- climation, arid but as upon many farms- there is .so little. difference in soil and exposure as. to afford little advantage, of choice, it is 'ne'cessa'ry to do the best. under existing circumstances. 'Those places. where the subsoil is but moderately retentive1 of water, :thc best, if the soil is kept fertile' by manures; while thoso wilh heavy clay subsoil, very reten- tive of moisture, if of sufficient slope on tho surface to' admit of ef- fectual. draining, may, by that means be made fully equal, if not superior, to- the other. Apple trees flourish belter (other circumstances being equal) upon lands .recently cleared of the native growth of wood, than upon those long under cultivation, and generally betterou hillsides or uneven surface, -than upon quite- level land. It is believed by many that northern exposures are prefer- able ..to .southern but where the trees are permitted to form low heads, the sun and winds power, I judge that the difference is trifling. Montgomery Co., A. w. CORSON. Sheep. Extract from Patent, Office Re-' ports. "Everywhere and anywhere sheep will live and thrive, and, with proper care, pay more for the capital and labor employed tha'n'any other animal or ;iuy other system of It is one of the most, use- ful and economical modes which convert-- the of the farm to money. There is no animal in which there is so little waste or so little loss. For at least seven years of its life, it will give an annual fleece, to the valuu of the carcass; and the yearly increase will be nearly or quite equal to the cost of keeping, giving as a general thing a profit of cent per cent. Of all other animals, the cow comes nearest. to the sheep, in profit it, returns to the farmer, if w -cared. for. It will pay for itself each year, by the milk it yields, and defray also the cost of keeping-.. -We aver, without fear of contradiction in truth, that there is hardly a locality in the whole Untonj -where :any kind of farm ani- mals can subsist, that the sheep, if properly attended to, will not give a net pro lit, on the investment, of at least fifty per cent, and that with the ordinary management, of farms, it will :givc some twenty to forty per cent." been given us -co vegetation POTATO this -is the season for planting potatoes, next to having, good it is important to know how. to- plant them: Tlie fol- lowing is Prof. Mapes's method: Plow ihe. field deep. Next harrow. Then make furrows, six inches .deep and about ihrec' feet- apart. :Drop whole potatoes once in" two feet, and cover them with' n. plow ,wiih! about .three inches of earth. When .the tops ;make their appearance pretty generally, plow over them three-inches rcibre of e'nrtlv.' If nec- essary to hoe them .after this, do it, but keep the ground level. Six in- ches is about the right depth to plant potatoes, but half the earth, at a time :is. better .than at once, i New', ptotatoes'grow -from the sprouts above potato', but never under it'. hilling small .potatoes. A potato vine will yield potatoes to its'very top if billed as high, bul! the greater .the' number the smaller' the average size. All who arc intbriding'to plant put orchards will find much valuable in- formation in "The Culture of Fr.uit." MISCELLANY. A Country Home. Oil, gi.yu iiiu 11 liouiu in ilio country wide, Anil it suut by the lariiiL-r's wood firus.iilu, Wlieru lln; lire burns briylu On !i fruNliy niglil, Where, ilxj-jest, ihe song mid tlie laugh -are ji'iio tlie fiiriiicr's hoiio is 'ihe home for inc. Oh, give mo u home in the country wide, When lliu earili comes oul :is a blushing bride, her liiids nntl llowors In lliu briglit liuni'S, 1-Jer bridul song singi-sg I'coin fresh-leaved Anil melody floiiison liic'pciTuined breeze. In. a summer seiit in ujshady nook, And close by ihe side of a niu-ling brook, Where the violet grows And ihe 'jisilu rose, Faint and sick Ineuth ihe sun's scorching beam, Dips her petals in Ihe cooling stream. Oh, give inu a home in tbo country wide, la llie golden dnys of a farmer's ju'ide, his Urnis-are filled KI-OIJI ihe fields he has tilled, And lie feels llmt his jeiirly tusk is done, And .smiling at Winti.'r, he beckons him on. From Moore's Jiurnl Yorker. Mistaken Kindness. "Good morning, Mrs. I called to have you go with me to see Mrs. babe is very sick. I hear they think it extreme- ly, doubtful whether it recovers." "Certainly, Mrs..Carry I always make it-a point to call wherever there is sickness, even if I have to neglect some of my home' duties. Sit down a moment, until 1 get -my cloak and bonnctV' Mrs. Adair entered the parlor in a few moments, ready for the walk, and the two friends were soon on their way to Elm street, the resi- dence of Mr. Barlow, a' young and prosperous merchant, and his amia- ble wife. It was a sorrowful time for the young first born, their only child, the little, bright boy, was very sick so sick that Mr. Barlow had not gone to his store that day, but remained with his wife, watching every aymptom of their precious little one. Little Hari-y was sinking into a quiet slum- ber, his monnings were hushed, and the red flush had Itft his needed sleep and quiet. Mrs. Barlow had just placed liim in. his crib, dropped the curtains to exclude the morning light, and sat down beside the cradle, looking anxiously upon the-thin face and the lovcd'fuatures. Oh, might her darling si- lent prayer went up, the prayer' of that mother's.heart, for for her cheek was p'alc with watchsn'g, and the tears fell fast from h'tir clear blue eyes. There was a knock at the door, and her two- friends, Mrs. Adair and Mrs. Carr, were shown in. They were valued friends, but those pa- rents .wished 'in their hearts that they could be alone with in that critical hour, when undue ex- citement might close that Tittle life hour when rest and quiet were absolutely The ladies made many inquiries about the babe, gave some advice and some porsons always the that Mrs. girl was Eldbridgc's child was not expected'to liyei' and so strange TO'ICCS wakening the babe, who jnoane'd and. .cried, while the to his cheek. He could not be quieted the fond mother walked ihe trying to hush the little but he still heard the .slrange'Vvqices" which caused hiiti to start andM. his eyelids to open. Half an hour they "remain- ed thus chatting, thinking they -were doing a great kindness to Mrs. Bar- hour had passed, and. still they: lingered. .The mother's heart was deeply-pained by the cry of her little one, and the effort to keep up the conversation'with her visitors, wliom-she did. offend, made.hei about :distracted. When they took leave, she innocently, though truthfully, said, again'' "When Hariygets t> The door was closed. ypu hear said Mrs. again when Harry -t'els .well." L' O V guess she did not thank us for our I trouble. Just think, too, of the i "L morning's work that Ihave-neglect- the pies for dinner, and Ihe; loaf cake for tea, that should have been baked by this time. .For iny. part, I shall such people alone after this." "And I too; Did notice.how cross Mr. Barlow looked? I dpnt.: tfei'nk he spoke three words while we were there." "Poor Harry, poor little said his mother pressing him lo her heart, "I am afraid pou will die.'' "It is a shauie, gossiping What did you try to keep up a conversation wiib. them did. not like to offend they'meant it for a kindness. I hope they will not call again." .i' "Well, if you'think more of your friends than of'the life of our dear- boy, do so. There will be more- yisitors.likuly, bstore the day is and God only' knows how much' worse it makes him. His fever is on hoVv excited he is. I do dete'st this visiting 'the sick, when no good can be dpiie by it. Give Harry so'ifne of those soothing drops', and I will lock the outside door, and friend or'foe will not.come in'again without I'invitc them'." "Do, Mr. Barlow. I am sure our Harry's life and comfort are of more consequence than nny-thing else in the world." They were troubled no more with friendly calls the morning visitors spread the news ;that Barlow did not wish her friends to come' there while her babe was they were treated uncivilly. Many Indies.thought about it, and brought the ease home to their own and they acknowledged that Mrs. Barlow was right, while others' were1 offended, and dropped her ac- quaintance. "What cares that happy as the shades of evening deepened around iheir elegant little cottage home, that she luul lost sonic friends, when she saw hur darling in gentle slumber, the iire of fever excitement smile of re-' turning life playing on the beautiful features There was in holy joy and thankfulness in her soul, and father and mother' bow-id together-1 in humble prayer, by tli'i side of the cradle of their first-bori'il' chiid, and'returned thanks that the life and joy of their household hud-' not departed forever, and 'that they had been spared the mistaken kind-'-' ness of their neighbors. Mrs. Adair and Mrs., Carr never' called again, always passing with a cold bow, but Mr. and Mrs..Barlow." are too happy in their blooming, bright-eyed and gleesome little Har-, ry, to mourn the loss of such friend- ship. iiKS. LUELTkA A. JIORKIS. I860. 'Boss, want twenty-five said a jour printer to his employer. "Twenty-live cents! How soon, do you want it Jack "Next Tuesday." "As soon as. that. You-can't' have it'. I've.told you .often when you arc in want of so large a sum-' of money, you must give at four weeks notice." The question, "why printers did' not succeed as well" as brewers was thus answered "Because printers work for the head, and', brewers for the stomach, and that- where ten have has
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