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Daily Telegram, The (Newspaper) - July 15, 1955, Eau Claire, Wisconsin THE DAILY TELEGRAM 161 ASSOCIATED PRESS FRIDAY JULY Policy Could Be Changed Again Russia Recognizing Atom War Dangers By WILLIAM RYAN AT Foreign News Analyst and hold This admonition for worl communism Is not But no it hns overtones of desperation as the Big Four summit confe ence at Geneva If you are not prepared t talk said Soviet Com mtinlst boss Nlklta Khrusl addressing the West i we can wait and hoi Khrushchevs words at th American Embassys Fourth July party in Moscow gave a Inkling of what Is in the back o the Soviet mind for TIIIMJS HAVK NOT happene in I ho world as Marx and Leni Now Ihe hydroge bomb has changed yet anothe Lenin concept that th Communist and capitalist work must with communism A clash with hydro gen bombs would leave nobod The Communists still hold 1 the notion that war is inevltabl until world communism hold But the Kremlin lende ship hns deckled to ride with program of waiting and watch waiting for a crisis to tak hold in the capitalist work watching for a chance to giv the process a shove forwar whenever If war come the foe must be weak While the Communist leader the Soviet Union corttin ues in a swift evolutionary move ment which has boosted it from backwardness to an advance The more the process deve the more world communism The twists and turns o Soviet policy have had a p r o found effect on the global con Sudden reversals of sac rosanct such as condon ing the Titolst h a v made Communists outside t h grope for tortured ex The peace offensiv itself has hurt the Here are some symptoms o world communisms ailments The Communist party of I n dia is obliged to announce a new Why Prime Mlniste Nehru was lionized in Moscow He no longer can be attacke personally because Moscow blessing stamped him progres A Communist particu larly in a recent colonial coun try like cannot hope to re main a dynamic force by openl supporting those who a s h o r time ago were pictured as ene mies of the In the Communist have just been ordered to shif over to to save the So viet Union from a black eye in that important Above the advantage of c o n spiracy is But al ready the Japanese Communist are losing heavily in popular sup The Soviet Union is on dan gerous ground in middle Europe By embracing the rebel Yugo slav Moscow a d mitted national communism which fails to give primary a legiance to the Soviet state is no longer a there is a hint already that the SovietYugoslav 1 o v feast has had an effect in t h e Mass arrests are re ported in Hungary in a drive against those Matyas Rakosi the Red considers unrelia In a gen eral tightening of discipline Is or along with a crackdown on farmers to force them into In East party boss es boast they are protected by the Soviet version of the Warsaw But they seem to fear they may be sacrificec on the altar of the Soviet neu tralization In the Communis1 Central bellwether for European heard an in volved defense of the Soviet re versal of Titoism and a review of Communist These du ties involve working hand i n hand with the whom the Communists called their worst They must avoid any action which could embar rass the New Soviet peace offen The line goes down hard with the oldtime militants o J France and Already it has brought OUTSIDE THE the arena for militant communism has with the pearance of revolutionary Only in the most backward areas of the non Communist world and in colonial areas where national movements can be joined and does com munism now act like a revolu tionary In Western Commu nists must adopt a nonrevolu Naturally UP Paul of Lake was iu Ionia county jail MI forgery charges some what to the embarrassment ol Sheriff Ptter Vaii The sheriff said he taught Ban to write a cufck wueu a tlonary attitude which costs heavily in disillusion ment and For the rulers of the all this may represent only an expedient while Moscow presses a furious Industrial building pro So Soviet internal prob lems can be attacked adequate But world communism looks on in confusion while their ideo logical continues to cut ground from under The chain that ties the w o r I d conspiracy to Moscow continues to and for the Commu nists there is a bleak prospect of paralysis and then stagna Therein lie a point ol at tack for the West at Geneva and a hope of victory in the war be tween slavery and f Two Vital Bills Inked by Kohler MADISON Kohl er today signed into law two o the biggest bills of the 1955 legis latlve providing expan slon of the State Traffic Patro and construction of a new schoo for delinquent The highway patrol bill au thorfzes the stale to expand Its present 70man force to 250 men and provides to do th The State Personnel B u reau already has started are crulting drive for prospectivi state THE GOVERNOR had origi nally asked for a 610man patrol with county traffic patrols to be but a compromise was worked out to retain the county units and expand the state force to 250 Kohle repeatedly called the highwaj patrol bill one of the most im portant in his entire The boys school measure al so was a It p r o vides six million dollars for a new institution in the Kettle Mor aine Forest area of eastern Wis consin or in the site of the present obsolete school for Group OKs Hike in Tax on Gasoline WASHINGTON AP Thi House Public Works Committee today approved by a 229 vot about in new taxes over the next IS years to lay for a giant new road build ing The vote affirmed tentative action Thursday approving tax increases on trucks and dlesel heavy tires and tubes arid all tire re IN the commit tee added a new tax increase This would on medium increase the levy truck Ridgway Hits Defense Paper Claims NEW YORK AP The New York Times said today that Matthew Ridgway se riously questioned the sound ness of military policy just before he retired as Army chief of staff June Ridgway raised grave issues n an exhaustive appraisal of Soviet and United States capa bilities in a farewell letter to Secretary of Defense a Washington dispatch to the Times The story continued Ridgway assailed the overemphasis on air power and massive retaliation with nuclear weapons at the expense of greatly reduced ground forces while Soviet Russia was strain ng to build up all elements of her military HE ASSERTED that the ex stence of greatly superior Unit ed States airatomic power in he postwar era had failed to prevent Communist aggres Ridgway was quoted as writ ng to Wilson It Is my view hat the commitments which the United States has pledged create a positive requirement for an im mediately available joint m i 1 tary force of hard hitting character in which the versatili y of the whole is emphasized and the preponderance of any one part is by 18 to 8V4 by five cents a pound up to elgh cents a This would add about 170 mil lion dollars In revenue over the 15yeaf The next action on road legis latlon is up to the House itself The Senate already has passet a bill providing for a fiveyear road program to be paid for ou of general treasury The House committee pro gram is for 12 with much of the additional spending to be financed by new Gore author of the Senate endorsee tax Increases to help pay for the program but noted that tax leg islation must originate in the The committee defeated Thursday by lopsided votes a se ries of efforts to kill or sharply reduce the proposed revenue in Burnstde who put through an amendment to nonusers of highway from the tax said he thought this would remove mucl of the opposition to The construction program calls for 37 billions in federa spending and 15 12 billions from the states over a 12year period The federal government wouli put up 24 and the state 2 12 to complete miles of defense superhighways In the program call for a 25milliondollar increasi each year for 15 years in both federal and state funds for prl m a r secondary and urban About 2 billion is spen annually for this program now on a 5Q50 matching President Eisenhower pro posed financing the construction biggest in through 30year bonds to be sold by a special new government cor The Senate voted 6031 against the bond plan and the House committee defeated DEMOCRATS ARE pushing the tax increases as a substi contending the only sound procedure is to pay for the roads as they are Burnsides amendment would provide that the tax increases not apply to vehicle fuel or tires not used on the This would benefit airlines and by about 750 million dollars over the 14year period the tax in creases would be The schedule of increases ap proved to take effect within a few weeks after the bill is enacted from 2 to 3 cents a gallon diesel 2 to 5 cents a gallon trucks and 8 to 10 per cent heavy used by arge trucks and 5 to 15 ents a pound heavy 9 to 15 cents a pound camelback used for retreading all from no tax now to 15 cents a Four Kohler Strikers Arrested After Fight SHEBOYGAN AP Four men identified by police as strik ng Kohler workers were slated for a court appearance to day following their arrest in connection with an alleged street fight involving a nonstrik The four were arrested Thurs day night on complaint of Thom as He said the incident occurred on the corner in front of his Ike to Tell Nation Tonight of Hopes for Conferences BIO THREE OFFICIALS HUDDLE IN Big Three foreign ministers are shown at a meeting in Paris this morning at which they put the final touches on Allied plans to be car ried into next weeks summit conference with the Communists in Left to right are Secretary of State British Foreign Secretary MacMillan and French Foreign Min ister Unifax Ship Owners Plan Damage Suits Against Unions MILWAUKEE AP the attorney for the charterers of the MS said Thursday his law firm is preparing lawsuits against Mil waukee and Sheboygan and three labor unions to file in the fed eral The Fossum is loaded with clay for the struck Kohler Hob violence prevented unload ng in Sheboygan and labor un on dock workers here refused to unload the Hoebreckx said the lawsuits ask between and ANNOUNCEMENT OF the in tended lawsuits came after Gov Kohler gave his personal as surance of law and order to protect the unloading of ships in Wisconsin The assurance was extended to Two ships rcaf ing the cargo were turned away from the ports of Sheboygan and the second one be Reserve Bill Gets 801 OK in Senate AP Some egislartive horse trading be ween the Senate and House was he only barrier today to passage n some form of President Ei enhowers ambitious nationa eserve By a decisive 801 vote the lenate Thursday night approved ts own version of the plan to raina combatready reserve of in the next four fourfold Lang r RND cast the only no THERE ARE SOME major ifferences between Senate and ouse versions of the Nei her would give Eisenhower all e A SenateHouse con erence committee will deter mine the bills final Russell w h o pi oted the measure through the said in an interview There are a lot of differences etween the Senate and House ut I think well be able to get Serving with Russell in t h e onference to adjust these dis utes will be Byrd tennis Saltonstall rtass and Bridges R iouse conferees will be designat d Both branches of Congress ap roved the chief new feature of llowing thousands of teen age ouths to volunteer for brief ac Turncoat Says Fear Keeps Other Yanks in Red China Japan Amer can turncoat returning to t h e Jnited States said today that H exprisoners who refused epatriation at Panmunjom aft r the Korean War now want to o He said 18 more Americans chose to stay with the Com munists will be crossing the Hong Kong border in the very ear ptho broke away from the lead rship of spokesman William owart and told his story aboard he liner President Only Communist intimidation nd the ear of courts are eeping the rest of the exprison rs in Red Bell I talked to all of them he ore I Bell They ust didnt have the guts to nese officials informed all Amer ican exprisoners they had been sentenced to death by the Supreme The exclusive interview with Bell was conducted on the Pres ident which stopped here today on its voyage from Hong Kong Bell and his two other turn Cowart of and Lewis Griggs of are traveling home in a third class dormitory on the lin They stepped out of Red Chi na at Hong Kong Sunday after 17 months with the Beli said the American turn coats still in Red China are be ing used in brainwashing ex They are being used as talk ing Bell The exprisoner said the Amer icans were being held and forced to and wanted to get but were under pressure of he ex The Americans still in China are all fouled up beyond all reason and do not know what to do any Bell The Reds can turn your heart to he They give them only two to be a good the This uncertainty is keep ing American ex prisoners in Red China Bell said the Communists were using the Americans for their propaganda value They would have Uked toj string us but they he The exprisoner could not ex plain fully how Cowart and Griggs were able to overcome the threats and intimida paper mill in southj tion he reported while the oth tive training with the regular forces to be followed by active reserve training for the remain der of an eightyear The Senate would permit volunteers 1720 years The House voted to limit them to 19 years or old er unless they had completed high THE PRESIDENT and Penta gon had asked authority to in duct draftage men of 18 12 to 26 for training of there are not enough volunteers but the House killed this as too near universal military Biggest SenateHouse differ ence is over a Defense Depart ment request for authority to require regular service veter both former draftees and to take active re serve training after completing regular The House voted to exempt all servicemen who were on active duty at time of the Korean ar July or The Senate went voting to apply compulsion only to serv icemen who enlist or are draft ed 30 days or more after the bill becomes To fill Pentagon requests for some hard core veterans in the expanding the Sen ate approved a bonus of or more until July for vet erans who volunteer for three years in combat units of the Ar my and Marine Corps The Senate also restored the Pentagon request for eight years of active and reserve mil itary liability for all draftees and The House had cut this to six Milwaukee Councils Ship Decision Vetoed MILWAUKEE AP Mayor Frank Zeidler vetoed today a resolution by the citys council which declared Milwaukee can not and will not guarantee the unloading of a ship carrying clay lor the strike troubled Koh ler I find that for me to sign this the mayor said in his veto would be to go back on my own action of informing the port director that 1 felt the ship could come into the harbor without fore There Was no in dication the governors state ment would prompt the owners to change present plans which call for unloading the shipments at and send ing it to the Kohler by rail The UAWGIO struck the firm April Hoebreckxfl concerned the troubles encoun tered by the Norwegian freight er Fossum and the motorship also out of Fossum was met by vio lence at Sheboygan and 1e1t there for 50 miles south on the Lake Michigan At Milwaukee the threat of a general strike call by IJie and the promise of city employed dock workers no1 to touch the cargo preceded a vote by the Milwaukee City Council which stated the city could not guarantee to unload the The Fossum sailed for M o n real and the Divina never en tered Lake Owners of the clay announced Thursday the ships will discharge their cargo at Montreal and that it will be shipped by rail to the Kohler Hoebreckx stated the suit against Milwaukee will charge breach of contract and failure of the municipally operated port o provide unloading The action against Sheboygan will be he on the state riot which makes a city liable for damages for loss caused through failure to main ain law and Other he are contemplated against Local he unit on strike at Kohler the United Auto Workers Interna ional and the state It was Charles presi dent of the state who said people will be in the streets if attempts were made o unload the Fossum at Milwau He said these suits would be based on the TaftHartley Act irovision dealing with secondary IT T 141 i V WV Communist Chi era All were miserable had New Naval Jet Plane Undergoes First Tests BALTIMORE AP T h e Sea new fourjet naval was unveiled in a test flight Thursday by the Glenn I he President Leaves Later for Geneva WASHINGTON AP Fresi dent Eisenhower off to night for Geneva after telling the nation about his cautious hopes that the Big Four confer ence may lead eventually to en during The President plans a 15min ute informal address dealing with world problems to be dis cussed at the summit meeting opening and with his views regarding steps toward their All four television networks will carry the extemporaneous talk from the White House at the time of as will ABC and CBS The MBS and NBC radio networks will broad cast recorded versions The talk is scheduled lor ONE HOUR AFTER Elsen tower he will take off from National Airport aboard his personal plane Columbine party will include Ei senhower and their son M a John who will serve as an aide to his The plane will make one refuel ing at Keflavik Air During a twohour stop he and the first lady wil be luncheon guests at Presiden Assgeir Assgeirsson of Elsenhower is due at Geneva Saturday Along the his plane wil be shepherded by an unspecifiec number ol Air Force B29s and SA16 amphibious and nine Navy weather ships s t a tioned at intervals of about 40t On arrival at thi President will motor to the 25 acre grounds of the Chateau de Creux de the rented vil la at which he will Eisenhower reportedly was giving a great deal of time to his radioTV talk Ad vance indications were that thi theme of the talk would be much the sariie asbrie he made to a group of foreign students at the White House He said then at Geneva rWe will try to explore the reasons why this does not seem to get closer to and o try to find roads if the world all of you may ive a little bit more tranquilly ban the people of my genera That talk illustrated the hat the Big Four conference tfill be a step toward easing world But he has also voiced concern about whether he Kremlin leaders really are sincere in recent talk about wanting better international re Red Premier Vows to Try to Get Peace MOSCOW Soviet Pre mier Nikolai Bulganin declared today that the struggle between East and West cannot be solved by The Soviet premier pledged the Soviet delegation at the Geneva summit conference will seek a common language to end the cold BULGANIN SPOKE at a press the first ever held by a Soviet It took place in a woodpanelled conference room n the Cabinet Ministers Build inside the Kremlin Bulganin told Soviet and for eign newsmen that the chiefs of overnment at Geneva would not e able to settle all interna tional But he said their objective will e to point the way to solu The Soviet for its will make such an Bulganin Bulganin said there had been considerable talk in the West of the menace allegedly emanat ng from the Soviet He added solemnly We have never had and do not now have the intention of attacking Big Three Goes Over Talk Plans PARIS AP The Big Three foreign ministers began final preparations today for the his toric Geneva summit conference with the Soviet Secretary of State British Foreign Secretary Har old MacMillan and French For eign Minister Antoine P i n a y met In the French Foreign Min They had before them a detailed draft of proposed plans for the This Included list of issues the West will raise and proposals on submit ted to them by experts of their three governments If the ministers approve tha experts Work as it will form the Joint Western po sition for the negotiations next week between President Eisen British Prime Minister1 French Premier Edgar Faure and Soviet Premier Nik olai propos als prepared by the experts and to confer with Macmillan and An American official said the list of issues drawn up for the West to raise was not exclu implying the West expects the Russians to raise other Officials declined to discuss the list of except to say the work of the experts went into the substance of each issue and the three groups all agreed on their Another American source said the list covered the points the West intends to raise at Geneva and then went into the topics the West expects the Russians t o bring This source said a joint position also was worked out for he anticipated Russian propos In the Western propos als for general reunifi cation of Germany and disarma ment should have top priority at the Faure has said it also will in clude his suggestion that the big powers cut their military budg ets and put the funds saved in a pool for aiding underdeveloped THE RUSSIANS have not ipped their hand except for a statement by the Soviet news agency Tass this week asserting hat the Paris treaties to rearm West Germany made discussion of reunification of subordinate The Tass statement proposed creation of an allEu security with West and East Germany both members and in which they could work together toward re Quiz of ExReds Aims at Present Solon Says WASHINGTON UP man Eastland DMiss said to day the Senate Internal Security subcommittee is trying to get eads to the present time from ts questioning of reporters who admit they were Communists 15 or so years With the hearings in indefinite Eastland told newsmen hat testimony to date h a s shown places where communism jecame We hope to get leads from these hearings that will show us activity down to the present he EAKTLANU ALSO praised the cooperation the subcommittee received from newsmen who lad He said the subcommittee had had witnesses from most of the Weve gotten more coopera tion from newspapermen than from any other group in the Martin la eran New York Times reporter Ira Henry Freeman testified that he had been a Communist for about a year beginning in 10 years after he went to work for the He said a Communist unit existed at the Times before World War Eastland also said the sub committee would obtain state ments from UP Correspondent Glenn Stackhouse in San Fran cisco and AP Correspondent Wil liam Bernard in Pallas about an incident in Korea in 1950 involv ing another Times Charles an admitted exCorn After examining the state ments of the two news service the subcommittee will de cide whether it wants to ques tion them about the Grutzner in Eastland The incident involved Grutz ners action in filing a ttory closing the first combat H F86 Sabre Jets in KoreaSlack house and Barnard State Republicans Give Chairmanship to Kuehn MADISON Kuehn of Milwaukee today was elected chairman of the Wiscon sin Republican chairman of the waukee County GOP was chosen by the state organizations executive mittee to succeed Robert Pierce of Weather Partly cloudy and a little cooler Sat urday generally fair an a little cooler near Lake MINNESOTA Celartng to Saturday generally little change in wmp temp C44 Low At mtdnigbt 3 4 OTBEB Wind NW Wind M TODAY 97 71 8 7B 10 13 noon 73 AB
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