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Appleton Post-Crescent (Newspaper) - October 25, 1973, Appleton, Wisconsin U.S dered P utiona WASHINGTON7 (AP) -U.S. military forces were ordered to worldwide alert today. Secretary' of State Henry A. Kis- singer called it a precaution prompted by uncertainty about possible Soviet intervention to police the Middle East ceasefire. But he said the early morning order was dispatched because of ambiguity in Soviet intentions, not in a great-power confrontation. "As of now the Soviet Union has not taken any irrevocable Kis- singer said. "It is our hope that no such action will be taken." A senior Democratic senator said the Soviet Union had brutally warned the administration that it intends to send a ceasefire police force to the Middle East whether or not the United States par- ticipates. Kissinger said the United States op- poses the use of great power forces in the numbers that would be necessary to police an Arab-Israeli cease-fire. But he said the United States is willing to sup- ply some personnel to an observer team under United Nations supervision. The alert came before dawn and was understood to affect Army, Navy, Marine and Air Force units around the world. It was disclosed not by Washington but by military men who got the order- Kissinger said the National Security Council met at about 3 a.m. EDT and unanimously recommended the action. He said President Nixon himself did not participate in the meeting, but con- curred in their judgment. By that hour, orders apparently had gone out to military commanders to go on alert. Kissinger termed inconceivable the use of either Soviet or U.S. forces in a military role in the Middle East. He said that would transplant the rivalry of the great powers. The distinction he drew was between that of a military force big enough to enforce peace terms, and personnel as- signed to observe the situation and report truce violations. Twice, Kissinger was asked whether there was any link between Nixon's domestic problems and the crisis abroad. He reacted icily. "There has to be a minimum of confidence that senior officials of the American government are not playing with the lives of the American he said. Kissinger said ambiguity about Soviet intentions led to U.S. moves he described as precauiionay. He declared flat U.S. opposition to the use of Soviet or American forces to enforce a Middle East cease-fire. "We do not consider ourselves in a confrontation with the Soviet Kissinger told a nationally televised news conference. "We do not believe at this time it is necessary to have a confrontation." Kissinger began with an account of U.S. policy since the Arab-Israaeli war erupted on Oct. 6, and with a word of caution. He said the United States and the Soviet Union as nuclear powers capable of annihilating mankind have "a very special responsibility" to keep their confrontations within bounds that do not threaten civilization. "We are at one and the same time adversaries and partners in he said. Kissinger specifically rejected a question about any possible link between the alerts and President alert Nixon's problems in the Watergate case. He said the question itself is "a symp- tom of what is happening to our country- Kissinger said the administration is endeavoring to conduct foreign policy in the interest of peace and of future generations. "Upon the conclusion of the present diplomatic effort one way or the other, we will make the record available, and we will be able to go into greater details. and we are confident it will be seen the President had no other choice." he said. While Kissinger declared opposition to the use of great power military1 forces in Continued on page 2 Relief from rising food cosfs promised WASHINGTON (AP) -The Nixon administration has promised Americans substantial relief from rising food prices and more meat on the table next year. But it also projects a slight increase in unemployment and continued high interest rates. It is in the food area that the ad- ministration offered the best hope Wednesday for relief from infiation. "I'm teiiing rhe housewife that food prices will rise less rapidiy and one year from now they will not be her No. 1 concern." Herbert F. Stein, chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers, said a: a news briefing He noted that both wholesale and retail prices of food declined an September and said there have been additional decreases in food prices at the wholesale level since then. For example, he noted that the price of wheat has fallen 13 per cent since Sept 11; the prices of live cattle, 17 per cent and chickens. 28 per cent. He said the supply of beef is especially promising for the near future and that an increased supply of pork is likely next spring and summer. Nevertheless, inflation will remain a serious problem in the months ahead, continuing at a rate of above five per cent through the early months of 1974. Stem said. He said most economists agreed that a serious recession next year is unlikely, bu: conceded that the economy will be unable to continue to provide pbs at the rate of the last 12 months when 2.7 million new jobs were created. "The situation we're in does imply some increase in the unemployment rate 1974, but we don't see that as being a very marked increase." Stem said Past-Crescent 44 Pages Appleton-Neenah-Menasha, Wis., Thursday, October 25, 1973 15 cents War crisis again Nixon talk Crash aftermath Firemen hose down wreckage of one of three major early Wednesday on the fog- shrouded New Jersey Turnpike. Police said at least 11 persons were killed and more than 40 injured in the pile-ups and scores of other minor accidents on the foggy highway. Move responds to Soviet warning, Jackson says WASHINGTON (AP) Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., said today the alert to U.S. military units responded to what he described'as a brutal note from Russia warning that the Soviet Union would send forces uni'iaterially into the Middle East if the United States failed to join in a peacekeeping movement. The White House said the military- alert ordered because of the Middle East crisis was precautionary but would not say why the precautions were necessary. Jackson said the Russian note was delivered by Soviet Ambassador Anatoly F. Dobrynin to Secretary of State Her.ry A. Kissinger but that it was addressed to President Nixon. Jackson said he regarded the development as "terribly serious" and that it could pave the way for a confrontation with Russia. "We're right at the brink Jackson told newsmen. The senator, a member of the Armed Services Committee, called for unifica- tion behind President Nixon in a "firm and unified stand." To encourage that, Jackson urged the President to announce the restoration of official prosecutor Archibald Cox, Atty. Gen. Elliot Richardson and his deputy, William Ruckelshaus. Asked whether, when and for what reasons President Nixon ordered the alert, Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren said, "I am not in a position to go beyond what I have said." Reminded of a statement that he made Wednesday that "the United States has no intention of sending troops to the Middle Warren said he had nothing to add on that subject. The White House spokesman said the U.S. government "continues to remain in touch with the major powers" and parties to the Middle East dispute. He said the government's position would be spelled out at a morning meeting of the United Nations Security Council in New York and by Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger at a noon news conference. Nixon and Kissinger had met for nearly an hour and a half early in the morning with Democratic and Republican leaders of Congress. Following that session, House Speaker Carl Albert said, "There's only a precautionary alert and the emphasis is on diplomacy at this time." At the Capitoi later, Albert was asked if he felt there is no confrontation with the Soviet Union. He replied: "I would say that is correct." Nixon and Kissinger conferred for an hour before the meeting with Congress members, and then talked again following, Warren said. Warren said the President would devote most of the day to Middle East- related discussions, but had no intention of canceling a radio-television news conference scheduled for 9 p.m. However, Warren announced about a half hour later that the President was concentrating so thoroughly on developments in the Middle East that he Continued on page 2 delays WASHINGTON (AP) President Nixon, preoccupied with developments in the Middle East, postponed today until sometime Friday a television- radio news conference that had been scheduled for tonight. Deputy Press Secretary Gerald Warren said Nixon was concentrating so thoroughly on the Middle East crisis that he decided to postpone the session scheduled for 9 p.m. EDT. No time was set for the Friday news conference. Nixon had been certain to face ques- tioning about the possible appointment of a new special prosecutor to succeed the ousted Archibald Cox, particularly in view of his reversal of a weekend stand against surrendering White House tapes to U.S. District Judge; John J. Sirica. Nixon, it was ur jerstood, did not want to hold the scheduled news conference today because he did not want to be fielding Watergate-related questions at a session that could well have been dominated by concern about develop- ments in the Middle East. Strong bipartisan support has developed in Congress for the naming of another prosecutor who wouid be independent of the executive branch. msiDE Snowmobile-bicycle trail considered. B-l Packers adjust for loss of Buchanan. D-l and more... And Acting Atty. Gen. Robert H. Bork. who fired Cox at Nixon's order, toid newsmen Wednesday the thought "has crossed my mind" that he should con- sider making such an appointment. Bork also told a news conference that he does not feel bound fay Nixon's directive that Cox refrain from making any future court fights to obtain White House tapes or other evidence the President regards as confidential. Bork said he would fight the White House in court if necessary to obtain evidence deemed vital by the Watergate prosecution. Declaring rhat his reputation was a: stake, Bork said "I am going to press hard for a thorough investigation and prosecution of Watergate offenders. He suggested he would resign if he felt the White House was interfering. Bork. who had been solicitor general, became acting attorney general when Elliot L. Richardson resigned and his deputy, William D. Ruckelshaus, was fired. Both refused to fire Cox. In firing Cox Saturday. Nixon abolished the special Watergate prosecution force as a separate entity- He said a thorough and vigorous prosecution would continue under the Justice Department. Opposition to this. even among Republican aiiies. has been strong, however. The Senate Judiciary Committee vot- ed Wednesday to investigate the Cox firing and scheduled a public hearing for next Monday to take testimony from the banished prosecutor. Strong support was reported in the committee for legislation providing for an independent special prosecutor, but there also was pressure to reinstate Cox. Meanwhile, sources disclosed that Senate Republican leaders protested to the White House about President Nixon's hand-ing of the tape con- troversy. In a phone cai! to a Nixon aide, the GOP leaders also called on Nixon to name a new special prosecutor and to pledge that Watergate and related investigations be pressed vigorously, the sources said. The House Judiciary Committee proceeded with its forma; inquiry into possible impeachment of the President, with Speaker Carl Albert saving it would go forward regardless of Nixon's release of the Watergate tapes. "I hope it is expeditious and I hope It lavs this thing to rest one way or another." Albert toid reporters. Comics Editorials Obituaries Sports TV log Theaters Vital statistics Women's news Fox Cities C-10 A-4 A-10 D-l C-8 C-7 D-5 C-l B-l Cloudy Partlv cloudy tonight, low in mid or upper 30s. Continued cooi Friday with a high around 50. Weather map on page D-5 Ruckelshaus urges tape authenticity check Dairy group denies offer to Nixon By DAVID WEITZ Post-Crescwit staff writer FOND DU LAC Associated Milk Producers Inc., President John E. Butterbrodt, Burnett, Wednesday denied that his dairy group offered to pledge million in 1970 to the campaign of President Nixon in exchange for political favors. He labeled press reports of fund offers as inaccurate. Butterbrodt said Pat Hillings, who allegedly said in a letter to Nixon that Associated had million available for campaign spend- ing, was employed as an attorney only for a short time by Associated. Butterbrodt revealed that Associated has been conducting a private inves- tigation of its spending for the past several weeks. In addition, he said, the group has been cooperating fully with the Senate Watergate committee and the Washington grand jury with respect to these matters." The internal investigation is being conducted by outside legal counsel and a national auditing firm, he said. The funds under investigation are those under accounts of Trust for Agricul- tural Political Education a political action wing of the co-op that contributed to Senate, House and presidential campaigns. No one in the organization is aware of improper fund use, he said. "We learned of memoranda relative to alleged commitment of million to the Nixon campaign in 1970 on Friday, Oct. 12, 1973. Again, no person now with AMPI has any knowledge of whether such commitment or any commitment was made. But asked specifically about Harold Nelson, former AMPI general manager, and Robert Isham, former AMPI comptroller and director of a political funding arm of the organiza- tion, Butterbrodt said, "I don't con- sider either one of them present employes." Earlier he said no present employes knew of a S2 million cam- paign pledge. He did not deny that a campaign pledge could have been made by former employes of the organization and said the organization presently is "looking at" the possibility of a link between Justice Department suits against the co-op and a possible pledge. Butterbrodt said Justice Department anti-trust and restraint of trade action against AMPI came shortly after a visit of Herbert W. Kalmbach, Pres. Nixon's attorney and fund raiser, with AMPI Gen. Mgr. George Mehren. At one time Hillings was employed by the organization, said Butterbrodt. "Apparently, Hillings was engaged as an attorney for AMPI for a short time and 1971. So far as I know, no person now in AMPI has knowledge of the circumstances surrounding the sending of the letter. Press reports do appear to be inaccurate :n their references to tariffs and to da-ry products subject to statutory regula- tion and importation." Tne Associated Press said Tuesday it had confirmed the content of the Hillings letter from four separate sources. It also cited a reversal of Agriculture Department milk pricing policy in March, 1971 in which Secretary of Agriculture Clifford Hardin increased the price support level for milk after having earlier announced that he would not raise the federal price sup- port level. In the meantime, dairy industry leaders, among them AMPI represen- tatives, had met with Nixon to discuss current dairy problems. BY STAN BENJAMIN Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) Former Deputy Atty. Gen. William D. Ruckefshaus says President Nixon's tapes of Watergate-related conversa- tions should be examined by electronics experts to determine whether they nave been altered. "I think there should be some study made because a lot of people are asking that question.'" Ruckeishaus said in an interview. "There should be some authentication that the tapes are what they are represented to be." Both Ruckelshaus and former attor- nev general Elhot L. Richardson left office Saturday, refusing to obey Nixon's order to fire Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox. Cox was then fired by Solicitor Genera- Robert H. Bork. now elevated to acting attorney general. Tne Watergate inves- tigation was handed back to Atty. Gen. Henry E. Petersen. Ruckelshaus praised Peterser's :n- teentv but said Nixon's actions put Pet- ersen "IP. a Godawful position." He said it would be impcssiD.e to pursue Watergate prosecutions without White House records and that Petersen himself might be forced to resign :f the White House does not re'.ease essential documents or tapes. Cox's insistence on obtaining such matenais. against Nixon's direct orders to stop trying, led to his dismissal But Nixon reversed himself luesday and agreed to release nine tape recordings after an outpouring of public protest and impeachment moves in Congress. Ruckelshaus he and Richardson warned Nixon's aides that firing Cox would unleash such an avalanche, but he said thev did not believe it. He said he and Richardson also tried to persuade the White House to leave Cox out of Nixon's offer to give a Senate investigating committee written digests of the "Watergate but the White House insisted that Cox also accept this proposal instead of demanding the tapes themselves. Asked why, Ruckelshaus laughed and said, "If you try to figure this out rat- ionally, you're going to get into a lot of trouble." His account indicated that the presidential isolation, of which former interior Secretary Walter J. Hjckel complained before he was fired two vears ago. regained impenetrable last week Asked whether he had warned Nixon directly. Ruckeishaus said he had not ever, seen the President throughout the almost five months he served as acting FBI director and deputy attorney general. "I nave not talked with the President since I was appointed to the FBI last April 27." he said. Israelis say guns silent By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Israel reported its forces were main- taining "absolute" cease-fire or. both East war fror.ts. A United Nations reported :r. Jerusalem that U.N. truce observers have crossed the Suez Car.al from the Sir.ai to take up monitoring positions jr. the new cease-fire lines ir: Egypt. The Pentagon alerted key military units in the Umted States arc abroad eariv today after recer-ir.g word Moscow might send in troops to poiice the truce despite ashingtor.'s that big power involvement would not be helpful. Eight nonahgr.ed nations at the United Nations proposed that a U.N. military force would be the best way to maintain peace on the Egyptian-Israeli front. Egyptian Foreign Minister Mohamed H. ei-Zayyat claimed at an emergency night meeting of the Security Council that the Israelis were attacking Egyp- tian forces on the east bank of the Suez Canal Wednesday night with "laser- guided missiles" and Phantom jets. He said that on the west bank the entire front was blazing. Zayyat said that was the situation at 1 a.m. Thursday. But the Israeli military command said the fighting abated at dusk Wednesday following massive Egyptian ground and air attacks in the afternoon. NEWSPAPER!
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