Appleton Post-Crescent (Newspaper) - March 7, 1973, Appleton, Wisconsin School field narrowed to 2 BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A critic of teacher strikes and a union-endorsed former legislator were nominated for state superintendent of public instruction Tuesday in Wiscon- sin's primary election, Barbara Thompson of Madison, an administrative consultant in the Department of Public Instruction, and former Assembly Democrat Ernest J. Korpela were selected from a primary list of 15 candidates for the two ballot positions in the nonpartisan April 3 election. They will compete for the position being vacated by the retirement of Superintendent William C. Kahl, who has recommended the job be made appointive in hope of removing it from the political arena. Accompanied by a series of teacher walkouts, Korpela was endorsed by the political wing of the Wisconsin Educat- ion Association, the state's largest teacher union. Mrs. Thompson declined to predict what effect her antistrike position Mrs. Thompson Korpela might have among the teacher voting bloc in the next four weeks. But she said she is "a lifelong member of the WEA, and am confident the membership will respond to educational professionalism." Korpela, a former school administrat- or from Washburn in northernmost Wisconsin, called for "a more active role by the superintendent in legislative policies." He said his vote total in the primary indicates he has broad voter support throughout the state, and that the issue of his endorsement by the union's polit- ical arm "is moot at this point." Mrs. Thompson and several other candidates had said they were leery of efforts by the WEA to increase its influence over the state superinten- dent's office. Korpela, endorsed also by the pohtcal arm of the state AFLCIO, led the 15 candidates with votes with nearly 99 per cent of the state's wards tabulated. Mrs. Thompson, who has 28 years of experience in schooling, received William H. Clements, 64, a Universty of Wisconsm-Stevsns Point educational research whose advisory services have made him known to school officials throughout the state, ran a close third with The absence of an incumbent for the first time in 12 years, an increase in the four-year job's annual salary to and the legislature's elimination of many qualifications for the position were credited with having attracted a large number of primary candidates. The superintendent's department oversees certification of teachers, supervises agencies which assist local schools, and disperses millions of dollars in educational programs. Korpela, 36, was among legislators who had helped dilute requirements for Continued on Page 2 Post-Crescent 70 Pages 8 Pages Twin City News-Record Appleton-Neenah-Menasha, Wis., Wednesday, March 7, 1973 15 Cents 80 POWs headed for U.S. CLARK AIR BASE, Philippines (AP) Eighty former prisoners of war headed for their homes m the United States today after a hero's sendoff in which well-wishers hugged and kissed many of the weepy-eyed men. The remaining 56 POWs at Operation Homecoming headquarters were to leave Thursday in three flights. Doctors said all the men were in "generally good shape" and any follow-up care needed would begiven them at military hospitals near their homes. Even S. Sgt. Gail M. Kerns of Daniels, W. Va., the only stretcher case among the POWs that arrived Sunday and Monday, was seen walking around the base PX Tuesday night. However, doc- tors refused to discuss his case. The men flew home today in planeloads of 20, taking off at two-hour- intervals and bound for Andrews Air Force Base, Washington, D.C.; Kelly Air Force Base, San Antonio, Tex.; Travis Air Force Base, Calif.; or Scott Air Force Base, 111. Among those on the flight to Scott air base are Wisconsin servicemen Capt. Fredric Flom of Appleton and Capt. Martin J. Neuens, of Aurora, both of whom are bound for Wright-Patter- son Medical Center. The three flights on Thursday will land at Kelly, Scott and Travis. At the departures today, many of the men broke away from the red carpet to receive hugs, kisses, bouquets of flowers and huge congratulatory signs from schoolchildren and other members of the Clark Base community. Girls 13 and 14 began crying as they handed former POWs notes on per- fumed stationery. "God bless you! God bless you shouted Cmdr. Edward H. Martin, 41, of Coronado, Calif., holding a happy face poster that said: "Fly Away Home Good Luck" and flowers. Carmen Lyons, a student at Wagner High School, handed out daisies with peanut butter cookies she made. The flowers had a tag, "Welcome home bless you." Maj. Ronald J. Webb, 35, of Hampton, Va., carried an American flag as he saluted waiting officials and climbed aboard the C14L The crowd sang "Happy birthday" for Air Force Maj. John C. Blevins of San Antonio, 34 today, and several women presented him with a cake. "We feel like we have been surrounded by a loving family of said Air Force Col. James H. Kasler, 47, of Indianapolis. Ind., senior man on the second plane. Thursday's flights will include 30 Americans captured in South Vietnam and released by the Viet Cong in Hanoi on Monday. Among them are three civilian development workers; Michael D. Benge, 38, of Heppner, Ore.; Clodeon "Speed" Atkins of Homeland, Calif., at 57 the oldest American POW; and Lawrence J. Starke, 37, of Chicago. Two German medical workers cap- tured in South Vietnam, Monika Schwinn, 30, and Bernhard Diehl, 26, also were released on Monday and left today for West Germany. Miss Schwinn, the only foreign woman held by the Communists, described their captors as "people who don't love you the people sometime have smiling faces, but you had better not trust this kind of smile." A total of 299 Americans now have been released by the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong, and 286 are still held, according to information from Hanoi. Adm. Zumwalt admits shorebase cuts coming NEWPORT, R.L (AP) -Adm. Elmo R Zumwalt Jn, chief of naval operations, says cutbacks in the Navy's shoreline facilities are inevitable because of reductions in the fleet. Speaking at the Newport Naval Base Tuesday, Zumwalt declined to indicate which bases would be closed or affected by the cutbacks. a cold sweat An Indian youth emerges from a sweat lodge at Wounded Knee, S.D, during a heavy snow Monday. The sweat lodge is similar to a sauna but is made of heated rocks and water. Sudan to step down on Palestinian guerrillas KHARTOUM, Sudan (AP) President Jaafar el Numairi ordered a crackdown on Palestinian guerrillas operating in Sudan today and said he has launched a roundup of all Sudanese "suspected of having contacts" with terrorists and spies. The president charged the assault on the Saudi Arabian Embassy by Black September gunmen who killed two U.S. diplomats and a Belgian was "an effort to destroy Sudan." "I will not be lenient with destructors and those who are paid agents. I shall return the blow the president said. Numairi in a broadcast Tuesday night termed the slaying of U.S. Ambassador Cleo A. Woel Jr., U.S. Charge d'Affaires He said the eight guerrillas would be tried along with "destructors and those who are paid agents." Pentagon Papers had nothing new for enemy LOS (AP) A Centra! Intelligence Agency analyst says the Viet Cong had such an "excellent" spy network that it didn't need the Pen- tagon papers to learn about U.S. plans in Vietnam. Samuel A. Adams, whowasto resume the stand for crossexamination today, said the enemy "could have picked up virtually all the information contained (in one volume of the papers) through their spies much earlier than 1969." Adams is testifying as a defense wit- ness for Daniel Ellsberg and Anthony Russo, who are accused of espionage, conspiracy and theft for copying the Pentagon study of the Vietnam war in could have helped the enemy plan strategy. But Adams, who did CIA studies of Vietnam for 6V4 years, said the papers would have been "just another example to the enemy analyst of how bad United States intelligence was at that time." Adams said it was "generally thought" that any battle information US. officials shared with the South Vientamese would "get into the North Vietnamese hands very shortly." "The Viet Cong had an agent who was an adviser to President Thieu of South Adamssaid. "This agent used to advise President Thieu on United States policies." Thus data released in 3969 about earlier plans would be "dated" and virtually useless to the enemy, he added. In addition, Adams testified that of- ficials probably including Gen. William C Westmoreland, then com- mander of U.S. troops in Vietnam deliberately underestimated enemy troop figures. Hesaid thedowngraded estimate was "the result of political pressures pressures to display the enemy as weaker than he actually was." he said, Kesaid U.S. officials reported in early 3968 that the North Vietnamese probab- ly had troops available for bat- tle. Actually, he said, the true figure was closer to 600.000. Both Westmoreland and Gen. Earie G. Wheeler, former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, supported the underestimations, Adams said, adding that, at several conferences he attend- ed, a dispute "raged" between CIA analysts and military analysts over the figures. G. Curtis Moore and Belgian Charge d'Affaires Guy Eid an "intolerable crime." He said he would "leave justice to take its course." but one leading Khartoum lawyer expressed doubt the killers would be executed. The eight Palestinians surrendered Sunday morning after failing to secure the release of a number of prisoners in various countries. No charges have been brought against them yet. The criminal code permits capital punishment for first-degree murder, but a leading lawyer who asked not to be identified pointed out that Section 249 spells out extenuating circumstances, including "grave provocations." Con- viction under this section could mean 21 years in prison, with about five years off for good behavior. The lawyer said defense attorneys could argue that the guerrillas are at war with Israel and the two slain Americans were officials of a govern- ment supplying arms to their enemy. If they were convicted of first-degree murder, the lawyer said, defense attor- neys likely would ask the president for executive clemency. Oil industry price lids reinstated WASHINGTON (AP) The Nixon administration has taken a major step to show that its Phase 3 anti-inflation program has muscle by reirnposing price controls on the oil industry. The 23 largest oil companies will be limited generally to price increases of 1 per cent for most petroleum products, on a weighted annual average, over the price in effect on Jan. Gasoline and home-heating oil are among products covered. A weighted annual average is the average price during all of the year; prices could be higher at some times and lower at others. John T. Dunlop, director of the Cost of Living Council, said in announcing the controls Tuesday that they are "designed to prevent increasing pres- sure for higher crude-oil and pet- roleum-product prices from triggering inflationary price increases." He said it is "not a punitive measure" against the 23 which ac- count for approximately 95 per cent of gross sales of the oil industry. There are some exceptions to the 1-per-cent price-increase limit; increases up to 1.5 per cent would be allowed if justified by costs. But any increase above 1.5 per cent is subject to profitmargm limitations and to prenotification rules, the council said That limitation restricts companies to the average profit for thebest two of the previous four years Dunlop said the controls are neces- sary because of the oil industry's widespread impact on the economy and that the action is an attempt "to assure the American consumer an adequate supply of oil at reasonable prices." It is the first time controls have been reimposed on an industry since President Nixon announced on Jan 11 that the compulsory controls of Phase 2 were replaced by voluntary self-ad- ministered guidelines m the third phase of the government's anti-inflation program. Only the construction, health and food industries remain subject to marketing controls. There has been criticism from some economists and politicians that the adminstration eased off too quickly on compulsory controls and that a new round of inflation could be touched off But Nixon, in announcing the end of Phase 2, said there was a "stick m the closet" in Phase 3, and Tuesday's action was seen as use of that stick Dunlop said the controls will "not interfere with the ability of oil com- panies to respond to seasonal variations in demand, market conditions both here and abroad, and individual company circumstances." The order applies to any companv that annually sells at least million worth of petroleum products, either manufactured or purchased for resale, or domestic and imported crude oil for resale. Exempt are such products as asphalts and chemicals. The council held hearings on oil- pncmg policy on Feb. 7-9 after many companies raised heating-oil prices in January. The spokesman said Tuesday that these increases were justified and would fall within the weighted-an- nual-aver age-m crease of 1 per cent. Saigon resumes POW exchange SAIGON (AP) The U.S. govern- ment apparently intervened today to help settle a dispute over the exchange of Vietnamese prisoners. The dispute threatened to delay the release of the :286 Americans still held in Communist camps and threatened the U.S.-Viet- namese peacekeeping commission with collapse. The Saigon government agreed, after an eight-day impasse, to release military prisoners about one-third of the it still holds the second POW exchange. It released in the first exchange but lowered the number to for the second phase, contend- ing the Communists had not accounted for thousands of missing South Viet- namese troops. The Communist delegations threat- ened to boycott the U.S.Vietnamese Joint Military Commission until Saigon agreed to free more men. They called on the United States, as a signer of the cease-fire agreement, to mtervene. A U.S. spokesman said the Saigon government had assured the American, IDS IDG Preview for sectional tournament Fish Lent and sea food D-l for C-l Myse, Chmiel on April ballot B-1 and more... Comics..................D- 6 Editorials................A- 4 Obituaries...............D- 7 Sports...................D- 1 TVlog..................D- 5 Theaters ................D- 5 Vital statistics...........B- 3 Women's news...........C- 1 Fox Cities...............B- 1 f Colder Colder tonight and Thursday with highs in the upper 30s. Weather map on page B-3 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong delegations that the repatriation of its military POWs would be completed by March 28 as stipulated in the cease-fire pact. The Communists, who acknowledge holding less than Vietnamese military prisoners, said they would release more than in the second phase, having turned over earlier. The second exchange is expected to begin Thursday. The U.S. spokesman declined to spell out what part the United States played in ending the impasse. But he called attention to statements by Maj Gen. Gilbert H. Woodward, the" senior U.S. representative, at a meeting of the joint commission Monday. Woodward said the United States takes the position that the agreement on the exchange of prisoners must be strictly followed, the repatriation of military prisoners should be completed by March 28 and they should be released in four groups of about the same number. "We consider the lists exchanged m Paris to form the basis for future he added. Lucey vows building cut MADISON, Wis. (AP) Gov. Patrick J. Lucey avowed today to try to hold Wisconsin's 1973-75 building program to S55 million. Lucey told the state Building Com- mission spending any more would be taking money out of property tax payers' pockets because it would put a crimp in the S491 million available for property tax relief. The governor noted that even the reduced building program recommend- ed by his Department of Administration amounts to S64 million out of original requests for million in construc- tion. The commission's subcommittees have called for higher building budgets than the S64 million. Lucey repeated his vow to finance the state's building programs during the next two years on a cash basis, terming borrowing "totally unacceptable." "1 am not prepared either to renege on my property tax relief commitment, to hope for cuts on the state's operating budget, or to ask the legislature for a bonding he said. Storms sweep up Mississippi Valley BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tornadoes, ram and high wjnds swept up the Mississippi Valley today, causing property damage, threatening flash floods and cutting off electric power. Tornadoes touched down in Missis- sippi near Cleveland. Belzoni and Independence, causing property damage but no injuries. Power lines and Jree limbs were reported down at various locations in the state, Six were torn off at Cleveland, and a dnver-trairiing trailer was des- Delta State College. Two bnck and two frame homes were damaged heavily at Independence; at Belzoni, three tenant homes and a barn were destroyed and a trailer blown over. Thunderstorms rumbled across parts of Mississippi and Alabama. Power failures were reported Chicago's North Side and in the north' and northwest suburbs due to heavy thunderstorm activity. However, a flash-flood watch for Illinois and southern Wisconsin was canceled early today when the major storm activity moved out over Lake Michigan. Rasnfall amounts ranged up to 3% inches from western Tennessee to to Wisconsin, with the greatest measurements in central Illinois and south-central Wisconsin. Dense fog enveloped the Gulf Coast from south Texas to the Florida Panhandle. Fog and drizzle spread inland along the Atlantic coastal stales from South Carolina to New Jersey. Rain and snow spilled eastward from Southern California into the central and southern plateau regions. Travel ad- visoneswereposted in the mountains of theplateau, where Scenes of new snow was expected. Temperatures before dawn ranged from 10 at Lander, Wvo., to 76 at Key NEWSPAPER!