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Morgantown Dominion-Post (Newspaper) - January 10, 1971, Morgantown, West Virginia PfCJoyce Star Daily Dominion WEATHER: Mostly cloudy and ivarmer. High in 30s to 40s. VOL. 6, NO. 11 MORGANTOWN, WEST VIRGINIA, JANUARY 10, 1971 102 PAGES IN 9 SECTIONS PANORAMA NEWSSTAND PRICE 25 Penalty tax urged to curb pollution UPlTelephoto A SOLITARY CROW perches on a tree branch bordering the Potomac River near Washington yesterday. Sunlight reflected, on the water forms thousands of tiny circles. Environmental goal for 70s must include land use policy WASHINGTON (UPI) Nixon administration's environmental agenda for the 1970s must include the undrarhatic but vital job of setting a national land use policy, top officials say. Why? Because, Agriculture Secretary' Clifford M. Harding told a seminar for newsmen a few days ago, the American people cannot have both a cleaner RETIRED TEACHER State trooper is shot, assailant is then killed BLUE CREEK, W. Va. (UPI) retired school teacher Saturday broke into the State Police detachment headquarters here, seriously wounded a trooper, and was subsequently shot and killed by another trooper. Clifford 64, of Elkview, broke into the headquarters, and, when confronted by Tpr. K. H. Hedrick, opened fire on him with a .38 caliber pistol he had been brandishing. Cpl. Roger Gates then jumped Myers, scuffled with him, and the gun went off twice more, killing Myers. Hedrick was listed in "very serious" condition at Charleston General Hospital after more than three hours of emergency surgery. He was resting comfortably under sedation. Capt. J. D. Baisden of the South Charleston Company "B" Headquarters, said he was baffled as to why the incident occurred. He said a blood test was performed on Myers' body, revealing an alcohol content of 2.6 per cent. State law establishes one per cent as the re- quirement for "legally intoxicated" status. Even though Myers was in- toxicated, "we'll really never know why this incident Baisden said. Although State Police wouldn't list an official motive for the shooting, Baisden did point out that Myers had a record of two previous convictions for intoxication, the second one cost- ing him his driver's license. Both arrests were made by the Blue Creek detachment. environment arid ample food unless they make wise choices about how land is used. "Given our agricultural capability and enough determination to Jielp build a better environment, we can have Hardin said. "A crucial question is, of course, will we use our land said. "Unfortunately, in many instances we are not. For example, urbanization has been reaching out, chaotically and almost randomly swallowing half a million acres of cropland each year. The Council on Environmental Q u a 1 i t y de- scribes the misuse of land as the most" out-of-hand and irreversible of environmental problems." Hardin's department, which formerly handled many environment problems, recently lost one of its key powers in this field. Authority to regulate pesticides was transferred, along with other programs from other federal agencies, to the new Environmental Protection Agency. Hardin and his aides believe their department still has a role in cleaning up the nation's air, water and land, and in assuring that the nation still will be able to produce abundant food and fiber. The "building blocks" of environmental policy for the 1970s, Hardin said, will include cooperative efforts to save prime agricultural land for'farm use. Failure to enforce mine act could soon affect consumers By BEN A. FRANKLIN (C) 197I New York Times News Sen Ice WASHINGTON The government's acknowledged failure to fully enforce the strong, year-old mine safety law may soon begin to affect consumers as well as miners. A number of industry and government experts have been saying for months that the U.S. Bureau, of Mines' admitted uncertainty and confusion over safety enforcement would have to be counted as an important cause if there were widespread work stoppages in coal. Such walkouts, it was noted, could quickly affect the consumer by cutting the supply of coal-fueled electric power. the safety issue was dramatized by the explosion at the Finley Brothers Coal iMine near Hyden, Ky., in which 38 men died Dec. 30. Five days later wildcat strikes erupted jn two large mines in Southwestern Pennsylvania. A non-working week of "mourning" by miners, called for last week to mark the deaths in the Kentucky explosion, did not materialize. The proposal came from Joiners for Democracy, a dissident faction in the United Workers of America, The UMW ignored it, presumably because the Kentucky mine is non-union. But workers struck the two large Pennsylvania mines in wildcat protests against health and safety grievances, i The Bureau said it would make a special dust inspection at the mine on Monday, The other wildcat strike occurred at ihe Buckeye Coal Company in Nemacolin, when a miner was injured and did not immediately receive workmen's compensation benefits, according to government spokesmen. Questions surrounding the 10-day-old Kentucky mine disaster served to emphasize the troubled situation in the coal industry, a situation that the authorities here say could easily trigger more serious and more widespread walkouts. There are two main areas of controversy. One of them centers on the Bureau of Mines' investigation of the Kentucky explosion. The other involves the bureau's general enforcement of the mine health and safety law. The first was the subject of a statement here Saturday by Ralph Nader, the consumer and safety advocate. Nader charged that the Bureau's one-day hearing in Hyden last Wednesday was "a poorly enacted sham and a callous attempt to cover up" the bureau of mines' "own guilt and failure." Nader said that federal officials on the scene had failed to assure that any of the dead miners received autopsies before burial. Accordingly, he said, it was not possible to determine the exact cause of death a fact "basic to the disaster investigation" and it may now be difficult or impossible for the survivors of 10 of the dead miners who had applied for federal black lung to provide the medical proof necessary to receive such compensation. Good Morning! SOME PEOPLE suffer from nerves, and the rest of us suffer from other people's nerve. Sulphur in fuels is basis By EILEEN SHANAHAN (C) 1S71 New York Times News Service WASHINGTON-The Treasury Department and the Council on Environmental Quality have worked out a proposal to discourage air pollution by imposing a penalty tax on the sulphur content of coal, oil and natural gas. An unusual feature of the proposed tax is that its proceeds would be used to finance research in ways of lowering air pollution. Under the plan that the two agencies have devised, the tax would be imposed initially at a low level but would rise rapidly over a period of five years. The objective would be to provide both the time and the incentive for conversion to the use of low-sulphur fuel and for adoption of methods for burning high-sulphur fuels without discharging sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere. Sulphur dioxide is one of the most pervasive and harmful air pollutants. A user of high-sulphur fuel who burned it without discharging sulphur dioxide into the air would receive a rebate of the tax that had been paid on the high-sulphur fuel, under the plan. The treasury and the council have not yet sold their idea to the Nixon administration, but hoped to be able to do so in time for its inclusion in the President's message to Congress on the environment, which is tentatively scheduled for Feb. 9. One unknown factor is the attitude of -the incoming Secretary of the Treasury, John B. Connally Jr. All of his key subordinates at the Treasury support the idea, however, and believe that Connally's support of it could be crucial when the time comes for congress to consider the plan. A somewhat similar proposal that the Treasury made last year to tax the lead content of gasoline never cleared even the first congressional hurdle, the House Ways and Means Committee. One reason, in the opinion of many, both in Congress and in the administration, was that the outgoing Secretary of the Treasury, David M. Kennedy, was not an effective spokesman before Congress. Officials of the Treasury and the Council on Environmental Quality who have worked out the new sulphur tax idea would also like to re-submit the lead tax to Congress this year. But it was oil industry opposition that was mainly responsible for killing the lead tax in the last session of Congress and Connally has many close ties to that industry. Whether the oil industry would also fight the sulphur tax plan is not known, but it is believed that the economic impact on the oil industry would be less than the impact of the lead tax. Another problem for the advocates of the sulphur tax is the attitude of the Office of Budget and Management which, as a matter of principle, has always objected to the earmarking of receipts for specified purposes. The budget office is thus objecting to the idea that the receipts from the sulphur tax should go directly for research in ways of reducing air pollution. U PI Teltphoto LEFT TO RIGHT, SHEPARD, ROOSA, MITCHELL Astronauts 'ready' for Jan. 31 blastoff SPACE CENTER, Houston next lunar explorers, hoping to erase the "stigma" of Apollo 13's failure last April, said Saturday the immediate future of the nation's man in space effort rides on the success of their Apollo 14 moonflight Alan B. Shepard, the 47-year-old flight commander who 10 years ago became America's first man in space, and space newcomers Stuart A. Roosa and Edgar D. Mitchell said they are ready for their Jan. 31 blastoff and see no problems standing in its way. Their target is a hilly part of the moon's face called Fra Mauro, where Shepard and Mitchell will attempt the third U.S. lunar landing. It will be a virtual repeat of the flight planned for Apollo 13, which was aborted after an oxygen tank explosion on the way to the moon. Apollo 14 is a safer moonship because of modifications brought on by the Apollo 13 emergency, and its crew's harrowing, but safe return to earth, Shepard said in a news conference. He, Roosa, 37, and Mitchell, 40, were making their last public appearance before beginning Monday 21 days of preflight isolation designed to keep them healthy. It is the most rigid astronauts have ever rigid, in fact, that they may associate with only 160 people. That group includes their wives, but not their children. "Unfortunately, although we as pilots consider that Apollo 13 was a successful there's a certain stigma attached to it. We hope that Apollo 14 will be able to remove Shepard said. "We're pretty confident that things are going to work well." Mitchell said later in an interview, "I think regardless of what happens to Apollo 14, spaceflight will continue. But I do think that in large measure the immediate future of the space program rests on Apollo 14." ALFONSITO, a four-year-old boy wonder, rests amid his books on his return to Montreal yesterday after a two-year tour of Latin America. The boy's father, Alfonso de Bohemia Wueshner, claims his son has an IQ of about 310. He is already fluent in both Spanish and German and receives 15 minutes of teaching from his father each day in history, philosophy, geography, literature and metaphysics.
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