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Charleston Gazette (Newspaper) - April 12, 1947, Charleston, West Virginia Largest Circulation in West Virginia The Charleston Gazette The State of the Associated Preis Established 1887. Five Cents. Charleston, West Virginia, Saturday Morning, April 12, 1947 12 Pages Long Distance Chief Asserts Pact Is 'Dead' Melton Said Unacceptable 'Wait and See' Attitude Held by Both Sides WASHINGTON, April leader of the long dis- tance workers in the nation- vide telephone strike tonight' Ask High Court Stop Hall Action A Supreme Court writ to prevent j their trial on -a citation for con- tempt of court was asked yester- day by Kanawha County Sheriff D. Earl Brawley and W. E. Melton, ordered by wrote Off as dead the tenta- intermediate Court Judge Cyrus tive agreement they had reach- w. Hall to appear Monday, to show France Pushes To Get Soviet Okay for Saar Mololov Sidesteps Bidault In Vain Prodding For Decision MOSCOW, April _ France hammered in vain to-i night at lone.Soviet opposition barring immediate approval of economic integration with the Saar, and Foreign Minister Georges Bidault acknowledged dejectedly "we must wait." Bidault insisted that Russia's V. M. Molotov give the Foreign Min- isters Council his views on fthe French proposal to establish a com- mission at once to work out details of integrating the economy of the coal-producing Saar with France, but Molotov refused 1.o yield. He Woman Executed In Gas Chamber For 1944 Murder With only'cause should not be he wanted more time lo think major Step that has been taken each U was agreed to yes- toward settling the strike. John J. Moran took that stand reporters told him of a state- ment bv George S. Dring, of the long lines division of the American Telephone Telegraph Co. Dring had said that if the union failed to accept the settlement plan definitely by midnight "the tent a tive agreement of the company will be withdrawn. Then I suppose we have to start' all over again." Moran, speaking as president of the American Union of Telephone Workers, said: Not Wcrried "We're not going to accept by midnight, of course. Well just have to stand by and see what happens now. "We not too much worried about them withdrawing the offer. When the company finally gets down to negotiating a contract that won't hurt any." The tentative agreement between the A. T. T. and the long dis- tance union Included a plan to ar- bitrate demands, including wages, lor these workers. However, their union is only one of 49 in the Na- tional Federation of Telephone and the policy committee of the federation ruled that the pro- posal "did not conform" to union The' policy committee held that the agreement is "local" of 13 specific instances they were responsible for releasing a prison- er from the Kanawha county jail before expiration of the term for which he had been sentenced by Judge Hall. Challenge Jurisdiction Asking the Supreme Court for a writ to prevent the Monday hear- retary Marshall anc int. Brawlev and Melton challene- Foreign Secretary Ernest B. ing, Brawley and Melton challeng ed both the jurisdiction of the low- er court to cite them, and the method used in starting the ac- tion. The Supreme Court delayed, pos- sibly until today, any decision inj the matter, after hearing it present- ed by attorney for the sheriff and his -deputy. The contempt proceeding was terday by both the United States and Britain. The Soviet foreign minister de- clared he was opposed to the French demand for detachment of the Ruhr from Germany, and fought doggedly !for a direct Soviet voice in control of its industrial output. U. S. Sec- retary George Marshall and British Bevin had previously expressed opposition to detachment of the Ruhr, or creation of any independent regime for that great industrial area. Bidault Rebuffs Move Molotov blocked four separate at- AP WircphoU SAN QUENTIN, April Mrs. Louise Feete Judson, abnve, who spent more than one third of her 59 years in prison, died today in San Quentin's green tinted gas chamber for the murder of a wom- an who had befriended her. Mrs. Judson was executed for the 1944 murder of Mrs. Margaret Lo- gan, 60, Pacific Palisades, to whom she had been paroled after serving 18 years of a !ile sentence for the 1920 murder ot Jacob Denton, Los Angeles engineer. She fought futilely imp the U S. Supreme Court for the life she had sustained for years by defrauding Iwo of whom she whereas the committee wants all to be treated together. Government conciliators had hop- that the long distance proposal might serve M a pattern for all unions and thus end the strike of quickly. Wiat Wwfe Bettmi condition of' the long dis- tance proposal was that the mem- bers go back to work. The .federa- tion policy committee steered away from the approval, apparently for .fear of the effects a restoration of long distance service would have on the rest of the strike. Dring said that if the deadline passes without acceptance, "it may be some time" before negotiations" on long distance matters can.be resumed. Dring asserted that the time lim- it had been agreed to by both sides; Moran laid that "we didn't agree to it Toe company said they had to know by midnight tonight." Meantime Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach delayed 'for the promt a reply to a union propo- sal for top level and public talks with the American Telephone and -Telegraph Co. Schwellenbach had promised "an decision" after getting the request from President J. A. Beinte of the National Federation of Telephone Workers. However, the secretary's associ- t> Tage t Cat 8) U.NSettoCall Palestine Session LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y.. April 11. United Nations officials said today a special Palestine session of the General Assembly probably would be called within 48 hours to convene around April 28. These plans were based on the assumption that the British request for the extraordinary session would have majority approval by Sun- day. Twenty-four of the necessary 28 endorsements are already in. As preparations for the unprece- dented meeting were rushed, Bel- gian sources disclosed the first I president of the assembly. Paul- Henri Spaak, premier of Belgium, would be unable to attend. Spaak's term expired Dec. 31, but it had been assumed he would be re-elected in view of his highly praised record as president. He was said to be planning to attend the session next September. started on his own initiative by Judge .Hall, who on March 28 en- tered a formal order directing the (Please Turn to Page Z Col. 8) Marshall Urges Korean Treaty Russians Asked to Join Freedom Proposal MOSCOW. April tary Marshall asked Russia today to join with the United States in another try at granting Korea its long-promised independence as soon as possible. In a letter to Soviet tempts by_ Bidault to wring from i killed with a pistol to obtain their him a decision on the Saar. At one time he made an appar- ent bid for French support of the Soviet stand on four-power control over the Ruhr, inferring that the Russians might give their views on the Saar at once if such support were forthcoming. But Bidault rebuffed any such move, saying "the Saar is a ques- tion for Ruhr is a question for discussion and the Saar decision must be taken at once." Molotov said also he was not ready to express the Soviet views on territorial claims of Belgium, the Netherlands. Czechoslovakia and Luxembourg. delinquents and rear delinquent estates. To the end she denied that she killed either. "I come from cultured, educated people." she told newsmen. "I have a background of culture. My par- ents were not they did not children." Gov. Earl Warren, who denied her final plea, said her crimes were too gruesome to be condoned. Mrs. Judson wore a gay flow- ered dress to her execution. She quietly told Warden Clinton T. Duffy: "Well, I'm ready. I've been ready a long time." The Soviet delay on the Saar and Then she wont with head erect Minister Molofov giving impetus 1o American policy on the eastern extremity of the Soviet-American diplomatic front, Marshall declared that the United States intends ,to proceed meanwhile with indepen- dence measures in American-occu- pied Southern Korea. Marshall proposed that Russia and the United States agree as soon as possible on reconvening their stalemated joint commission on Korea to work out indepen- dence measures for the entire coun- try "on the basis of respect for democratic right of freedom of western boundary questions.'which Bidault pointed oul had been un- der consideration for months, gave the impression among some dele- gates that the Russians were weigh- ing the political effect of the prob- lem and had been unable as yet lo Foreign'come lo any decision. opinion.1 for Deadline He also asked that a deadline be fixed this summer for a.preview by the two governments of the commission's work. Marshall emphasized that he re- garded the American intention to proceed with independence meas- ures in Southern Korea as in ac- cord with the Moscow agreement of December, 1945, setting up the commission to prepare for Korean independence. He told Molotov that the United States "mindful of its obligation under the Moscow agreement sees no alternative to taking without further delay such steps in its zone as will advance the purposes of that agreement." (That the United States would proceed with its own independence measures had been stated on April 5 by Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge, com- mander of American forces in Ko- rea, after his return to Seoul from conferences in Washington. He add- ed that "if we can't get Russian cooperation we must carry out our commitments Hodge's Stressed Marshall's letter to Molotov stressed- that Hodge had tried to get the Soviet-American commis- sion'on Korea to function again but said the'Soviet commander in Ko- rea had always insisted upon a formula "which would result in (Please Turn to Page 2 Col. 6) Under assembly rules, a president must be elected for the special session and another election must be held at the opening of the reg- ular meeting. It if possible, there- fore, that a new president might _ preside ever the extraordinary ses- sion and that Spaak might be elected again in September. At any rate, the special session Ton to Page 2 Col. 5) Willit Bebert Qmillen but it Pug ealls it his pet coon, aial a pet. It's Just a prisoner he can close to because it's in a ttgt it cut get away. Man, Blind Sister Hoard Wealth, Live In Squalid Poverty CHICAGO, April Richter, 79, and his blind sister, Amelia, 89, lived for seven years in virtual poverty in a squalid, junked filled south side flat, and yesterday August'died. Today authorities found that in an old trunk and.a safety deposit box that the Richters had hoarded 250 in cash and in securities. Amelia Richter, who summoned help, told Detective Thomas Ed- wards "this is all we as she 'led him to an old trunk in the apartment which was filled with old clothing, boxes and other junk. In it Detective Edwards found 000 in currency and in do- mestic and foreign stocks and bonds. They also found a key to a safety deposit box. Authorities discovered in the La- Salle national bank box m cash and securities valued at 000. A representative of .the public guardian's office said she had filed day by their owner, Mrs. Rosika a petition to have Amelia declar- ed incompetent. Vault attendants said Richter, re- tired night watchman, visited the vault two or three times a year, .neatly but plainly 'dressed. In the apartment police found among the rubbish a broken down toy wagon, Propaganda Weakened These delegates said that the Rus- sians had suffered a severe blow in their propaganda in Germany by standing firm for Poland's contin- ued occupation of a huge slice of German territory in the east, and they might try to recoup by oppos- ing territorial adjustments in the west supported by the big three. In such event, however, the Rus- sians would be weighing gains in German favor against cer-tain losses in Communist party prestige in France and the smaller countries. In opposing detachment of the Ruhr Molotov said it would lead to dismemberment of the Reich and creation of hostility inside the coun- try. He remarked that the British- American economic merger of their two zones was a step towards dis- memberment because France and the Soviet Union had been deliber- ately excluded from it. Bevin challenged him with the assertion that Molotov had "con- veniently ignored" the most im- portant clause in the merger agree- ment, which stipulates that it is open to all four powers. Bevin asserted that if the Rus- (Please Turn to Page Z Col. S} Trieste Seizures Laid to Belgrade WASHINGTON, April (INS) United States protested to Yugoslavia today over the removal of Italian property from the Trieste area by troops of Marshal Tito. Acting Secretary of State Acheson revealed that the differences be- tween Washington and Tito's Bel- grade regime have flared anew by revealing that the formal protest was filed. Acheson asserted that the Ameri- can government pointed out that the seizures were made without consent of the Italian owners, with- out compensation and without le- gal procedure. The acting secretary stated that the property belonged to individ- uals and that the position of the American government was that the removals were unlawful and dam- aging to the internationalized area. The United States also contended that the stability of the future free city was menaced by the Yugoslav action. Acheson said that thus far Yugo- slavia has not recognized the Amer- ican protest. He also told a news conference that the Tito regime has rejected American protests against the con- demnation by Yugoslav prize courts of nine or ten Italian vessels seiz- ed in the waters off the Yugoslav occupation zone. in Gems Are Recovered From Wreck RATON, N. M., April Jewels valued at were re- covered from a pullman car which overturned in the derailment of the Santa Fe Railway's Super Chief train near Raton Wednesday night. The recovery was disclosed lo- Senate Heads For Test Vote On Loan Bill Eastland Asks Resistance To Communist Forces On Every Front WASHINGTON, April Eastland (D-Miss) called, for resistance to Communism "on every front of the world" today as the Senate headed to a test vote on the program for Greece and Turkey. The activities of Henry A. Wal- lace abroad also entered the debate. Eastland declared that Wallace has tried "to induce the friends and allies of this country to desert her." Sen. Pepper (D.-Fla.) defended Wallace. The test vote was posed by a mo- jtion of Sen. Edwin C. Johnson (D.- 'Colo.) to strip the aid to Turkey from the bill, leaving only the aid to Greece. Johnson called Turkey "a Fascist military dictatorship" and said the proposed American assistance to that country implies a "military alliance." This was the first amendment by a foe of the bill to reach the voting stage. Several amendments by Sen. Vandenberg (R.-Mich.) on behalf of the foreign relations committee, which he heads, were quickly adopted on voice votes late yester- j day. Amendment Endorsed Undersecretary of State Dean Acheson. for the administration, to- day endorsed the Vandenberg amendment to give the United Na- tions conditional authority to halt the United States program. Acheson I testified on this and other points at a closed session of the House f or- eign afafirs committee. He express- ed satisfaction at "real progress" made by Congress. Rep. Eaton committee chairman, predicted the House group will adopt the Vandenberg amendment. Eaton said his com- mittee will consider the bill fur- ther next Tuesday and that he hopes it will finish its work by the end of this month, sending the measure to the House floor. Eastland assailed Wallace as the former vice president and cabinet officer addressed a meeting in Lon- don sponsored by the New States- man and Nation, leftist weekly. Wallace criticized President Tru- man's program and said Britain could save the world from war by refusing to take sides betsveen the United States and Russia. ''If you show the he added. i ''all progressive peoples can speak out before it is too late x x x" Pepper Defends Wallace I Eastland protested that "no Amer- ;ican citizen has the moral right to (conspire with foreign peoples in Far-Reaching Labor Curbs Get Approval By House Committee ['Closed Shop Ban Adopted in Senate into the gas chamber, smiling from (Please Turn to Pajfe 2 Col. 5} Tornado Towns Remove Debris Civic Leaders lo Rebuild Twisted Cities WOODWARD, Okla., April II.-1order to undermine and "to weaken A Token of Love and Esteem. Bitty Askren, 9, New Rochelle, N. Y., granddaughter of Rep. Karl Stefan (R-Neb.) gives President Truman four red roses as a token of love and esteem on behalf of women of Nebraska Indian tribes. Nebraska tribesmen on hand for the White House visit yesterday are Cleft to right) Joseph LeRoy, Nio- brare; Charles Walker, Charles J. Springer, Amos Lamson, Macy; and William St. Cyr, Winnebago. (AP Wirephoto) grind of machinery clear- ing away the rubble today replac- ed screaming ambulance sirens as Woodward, still mourning 84 dead, turned to rebuilding its tornado- shattered city. One thousand resi- dents were injured in Wednesday night's twister. Woodward was hardest hit of the Texas and Oklahoma communities in the path of the storm. More than 50 other persons were killed or died of injuries. Higgins, Texas reported 39 dead; Glazier, Texas, 14. Three were killed in Gage, Okla. But ihis city of was un- daunted by estimates of some citi- zens it would take five years to re- build. While there was talk of a mass burial for the victims, a meeting of civic and business leaders was held to plan the rebuilding of the town. 500 Homes Wrecked Mayor R. A. Bosch estimated 500 houses were uninhabitable and 70 percent of all homes in the city were damaged or destroyed. "Most of our people will need help but they don't want chprity or government he empha- sized. Typical ot the spirit of coopera- tion which has eased the sorrows of the victims was this story of an un- identified man: The shingles on the roof of his big, old house were ripped off by the tornado. His friends in the area learned of his plight and 40 of them gathered here today with loois in hand. In a few hours the house was repaired. Generous citizens of the surround- ing territory deluged the city with supplies and the Red Cross asked that gifts be withheld. Those want- ing to help were asked to first notify (he Red Cross what was available. Twenty-one large, commercial vans carrying tents, cols and blan- kets to Woodward and other strick- en towns in the region have been dispatched from Fort Worth, Tex. Many heavy machines sent in by the Oklahoma highway department (Please Turn to Page 2 Col. 7) the hand of his country." "The least that can be continued, "is lhat Mr. Wallace performing a grave disservice to the Netcher, one-time New York and Paris stage beauty who achieved fame as one of the Dolly sisters. "1 always carry the jewels wilh me." Mrs. Nclcher said. She said Raton Sheriff T. A. Griffith and railroad special Officer Phil Sipes recovered my and two old and unused accordions, [husband's tie pin." Sleeping Rooms Never Rented Quicker People who have placed ads for rooms report an avalanche of calls. YOU can realize a nice additional income each week by finding a desirable tenant for that spare room of yours. These ads in The Gazette brought quick, profitable re- sults: RENTED EARLY FIRST DAY! SLEEPING ROOM lor gentleman 227 at. _ RENTED 7 A. M. FIRST DAY! LARGE light housekeeping room. Range Apply 411-B St. RENTED BY 9 A.M. FIRST DAY! CJNi: Klrl shnre room, twin beds. 203 St., upstairs. ___ Find a tenant for YOUR room this easy way. Phone your ad lo WANT AD HEADQUARTERS :i P. M. Today Dial 2-6161 he Coal Loadings Almost Normal Stale's Northern Fields Are Leading Way By The Associated Press Operations in northern West Vir- ginia led the way yesterday as the state's soft coal industry struggled back toward full production and normal employment. Coal Mines Administration offi- cials said at Fairmont that 21.547 of the usual working force of about 24.000 miners were on the job, and American people when he attempts ,nat 2Q7 of the 272 mines in the ..i fields had resumed opera- tions. The 180 pits that worked in the area Thursday produced a surpris- ing 208.000 tons, a figure above the normal daily output. The CMA said it expected that at least an- other tons would roll down the tipples yesterday. The coal car supply also was re- ported adequate throughout the northern fields, a situation directly opposite to that which has result- ed in spasmodic curtailment of production within recent months. Revercomb Speaks Sen. Revercomb (R.-W. Va.) said in an address at Morgantown Thurs- day night that a recent congression- (Please Turn to Page Z Col. 6) School Bus Overload Investigation Begun The Kanawha Co.unty Board of Education began an investigation Probers Expect To Hear Jones Former RFC Head May Give Testimony in Rail Case WASHINGTON. April Sen. Tobey (R-NH) predicted to- day that Jesse Jones, former fed- eral loan administrator, will appear voluntarily as a witness in the banks committee's investi- gation of an Reconstruc- tion Finance Corp. loan-to the Bal- timore and Ohio railroad. to induce Great Britain to desert the United States and thereby force (Please Turn lo Page Z Col. 5) WallaceAttacks Truman Aid Plan LONDON, April A. Wallace said tonight President Truman was embarking on a doc- trine of "unconditional aid to anti- Soviet governments." The former vice president advocated a 10-year world spending pro- gram as a substitute prescription for peace. He said he believed an overall program of European reconstruction financed by the International Bank and directed by the United Nations would insure success of the Moscow foreign ministers conference. Wallace urged world control "f atomic energy and weapons of de- struction, internationalization of strategic areas including the Dar- yesterday ot reports that every dandles. Suez canal and Panama school bus under its jurisdiction canal and a movement toward carrying more than a safe tional disarmament and creation a world security system as other elements of his plan for peace. The former vice president, on a tour of England, France and Scandi- navia to contact "progressive" lead- ers, spoke at Central hall. West- minster, before a meeting sponsored by editors of the New Statesman and Nation, leftist British weekly. Declaring "the President's pro- gram is both demoralizing and in- Wallace said "it is un- dertaken in the name of stopping Communism. Instead it will lead to Communist revolutions." "If war Wallace contin- Tobey, the and a critic committee chairman of the transaction, (Please Turn to Page Z Col. 4) Uires. load. Dr. L. S. McDaniel, a board member, said he had been in- formed that some buses with a capacity of 60 students were car- rying as many as JOO each day, Maintenance Director Harry L. Blubr.ugh added that "every one' of the 76 vehicles now in opera- i lion wss carrying an overload.' every day, largely because the school system has had a shortage o.' equipment since before the war. The board directed its main- tenance and transportation offi- cials to investigate all reports on the situation, and to provide rec- ommendations for corrective meas- Mine Bureau Director Suggests Federal Law With Police Powers WASHINGTON, April R. Sayers, director of the Federal Bureau of Mines, reported "consid- erable laxity" in state coal mine safety reQUiremenls today and sug- gested a federal law with "definite police powers." He also said that a federal in- spector "exercised reasonable judg- ment" in not seeking lo close the Ccntralia (111.) coal mine where an explosion snuffed out 111 lives. The Coal mines Administration reported that soft coal production crept up to 59 percent of normal today with the return' lo work of additional miners. The CMA said mines are now operating, 168 more than on Thursday. The number ot men at work was estimaled at compared with the day before. Estimaled production, calculated on Ihe normal working basis was tons. In a statement to a Scnnto public lands suh-commitlec investigating '.he disHslcr, Sayers Tinted lhal an examination of the Centralia mine by inspector Frank a fpw days before the March 2i blast disclosed the need for 52 "major and minor" improvements in safety conditions. "The committee may wonder why the federal inspector x x x did not request that the mine be closed be- cause OH imminent Sayers said. "I think it important that the committee understand just what, in our judgment, constitutes imminent danger and just what the inspector included in this case. "Imminent danger, as we use the term in coal mine inspection work, represents an exceptionally hazard- ous condition which is in existence and which may in the immediate future result in disaster. "The conditions at Centralia were very hazardous, and the inspector xxx realized that unless the con- dilions were changed, there was a likelihood of an explosion in the mine. However, in the normal course of coal mining procedures. made the forecast as the second day of hearings brought a flood of contradictory testimony and chal- lenged statements. Finally Sen. Capehart (H-Ind) asked the chairman whether he in- tends to call for testimony Irom Jones, whose name repeatedly has entered into the evidence. "I think Mr. Jones will come without being Tobey re- sponded crisply. The committee, which soon must recommend whether the life ol RFC shall be extended past next June 30, heard: 1. A denial by Charles B. Hen- derson, oulgoing RFC chairman, thai the RFC acquiesced in what a previous witness, Cassius Clay, termed a "fraudulent bankruptcy' action of the B. O. in 1944. 2. A declaration from Stewart McDonald, chairman of B. Sc O.'s executive commitlee. that Adolph Berle, former assistant secretary of slate, cornered him at the Brazil- ian embassy one night and insisted that Clay, his brother-in-law, be made general counsel of B. O. Clay, then employed by RFC, later (Please Turn toPage Z Col. 4) Solon, CIO Chief Quarrel Over Cuts WASHINGTON, April ISen. Dworshak CR.-Idaho) and James B. Carey, CIO leader, quar relied angrily today over whether the Republican party should be blamed for cuts in President Tru- man's budget. Carey, CIO secretary treasurer, had just finished reading to a Sen- ate appropriations sub-committee a statement opposing cuts in labor and social security funds by the House when Dworshak leaned across the table to declare loudly: "I don't know why the witness has to inject partisan politics into this committee hearing." Carey had told the committee that House Republicans seek to kill the former Roosevelt New Deal program by cutting "huge sums up to 80 percent" from the budget. "Are you asking for reprisals or do you want a square Dwor- shak roared. "I resent your in- sinuations and I don't want you or anyone like you to come in here playing partisan politics." "I believe I represent the point of view of members of the replied Carey heatedly. "I teslify here regarding the tremendous danger to this country "As long as your organization sponsors the politics it does, I agree with you this country faces terrible Dworshak broke in. The dispute in' there would have been an ample'room ended when opportunity to make the necessary I
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