Charleston Daily Mail (Newspaper) - February 14, 1946, Charleston, West Virginia THE WEATHER Snow flurries and considerable colder with diminishing winds to- night. Friday partly cloudy and decidedly cooler. FINAL EDITION VOLUME 10 o 4 5 THE ASSOCIATED PHESS THE UNITED PRESS CHARLESTON, WEST VIRGINIA, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 14, 1946 20 PAGES FIVE CENTS Def Ickes' Political Dynamite Puts Truman on Toughest Spot N. Y. Harbor Strike Ends; Fuel Scarce O'Dwyer to Cancel Brownout at 6 P. M.; Arbitration Slated NEW YORK York City's staggering tugboat strike felt by millions because of dis- rupted fuel lifelines, ended offi- cially at S a.m. (EST) today but the city was snapping back to normalcy even before that hour. Union officials last night ordered the men who run the harbor's tugs back to work following agree- ment with their 91 employers to arbitrate a wage dispute which pre- cipitated the 10-day, city-paralyz- ing strike. Schools, shut down for lack of heat, reopened today and the brownout of electric lighting was slated to end at 6 p. m. tonight. Heating of subways was resumed last night. Fuel Still Scarce There were some lingering ef- fects of the strike, however. Fuel oil rationing controls were left In force until adequate stocks could be built up, and other emergency regulations were continued until activities generally could be re- stored to a pre-strike basis. Mnyor William O'Dwyer an- nounced that differences in the dis- pute would be abritated by a three- man board headed by Edward F. McGrady, .former assistant secre- tary of labor. Government Silent Meanwhile, there was no word from the government, which had seized the tugboat industry, .as to vfiifn-Jf vrbuld give up its control. The walkout came to an end as the city off the effects of nn 18-hour decreed by Mayor O'Dwyer as a fuel con- servation measure, which brought commercial, industrial and amuse- ment activity to standstill. The mayor's edict, issued Monday night, closed all business not es- sential to health and general wel- fare. This action was rescinded Tues- day night following receipt of a shipment of some gallons of fuel oil. The board of trade yesterday de- clared the shutdown cost "an in- calculable number of millions" of dollars. Issues at stake In the tug dis- pute include wages, hours, retro- active pay and vacations. Steel Wage Talk Strikes New Snag WASHINGTON new wiiKi'-prli'f policy was In President. Truman's Imnds today but efforts 10 end the steel strike were re- ported snagged again by a dispute over the forthcoming steel price increase. Administration officials submit- ted the revised wage-price policy tr> the President iift.er he had re- jected (i proposal to revive strict (Tilings for wages. The revised draft was snld to call for more liberal price controls to encourage employers to grant wage increases. It had been indicated earlier that the steel price announcement was ready but was withheld pending thp announcement of the policy changf.-s. When the recommenda- tions went to the President, how- ever, it was reported that a dis- agreement had developed over ap- plication of the price increase. There had been reports pre See STEEL PARLEY (Page 2, Column 5) Daily Almanac -TEMPERATURES began drop- ping in Charleston Thursday morning following heavy spring- like rains Wednesday. Sun nnd Moon Sun rose Sun sets 6.02 Moon sets a. m. Ickes7 Successor? Sen. Joseph C. O'Mahoney, above, Wyoming Democrat, is reported in line to succeed Harold L. Ickes as secretary of the interior. The future of Mr. Ickes, who resigned in a huff over a Truman appoint- ee, is in doubt. 2t Hour Range Ended 8 a. m. Airport Temperatures a. in................. a. m................. a. m................... a. m................... p. m.................. 40 37 34 34 33 February Calendar Son. Mon. Tile. Wed. Thu. Fri. Sat. 3 30 17 4 5678 12 13 14 15 2 9 16 :8 19 20 21 22 23 25 26 27 23 Wallace Exit By '47 Seen Ickes Resignation Brings Speculation WASHINGTON The chances of Edwin W. Pauley being confirmed as undersecretary of navy apparently lay shattered to- day in the wake of the old cur- mudgeon's departure from the Tru- man cabinet. The old curmudgeon is Secretary of Interior Harold L. Ickes. He will cease to be secretary of interior to- morrow after having torn into President Truman and his advisers with a double-barrelled attack the like of which has never been seen around here. The immediate result was grow- ing doubt that the senate would go along with the President and okay his controversial choice of Mr. Pauley for the navy post. It was Mr. Ickes' differences with Mr. Truman over Mr. Pauley's qualifi- cations that led the old curmudg- eon to resign in a huff. Mr. Ickes told President Truman he would quit on March 31, or sooner as the President wished. Mr. Truman said tomorrow would be about right. The town is speculat- ing on Mr. Ickes' successor. Almost any western Democrat in or out of office may expect to figure in the pre-nomination stakes. Future Indefinite There was speculation, too, about the future of Secretary of Commerce Henry A. Wallace. He and Mr. Ickes were the standout New Dealers in the cabinet as Mr. Truman had reorganized it since Franklin D. Roosevelt died 10 months ago. There were predic- tions here that Mr. -Wallace would be gone before the year is out. Mr. Ickes' own future was indefi- nite. He has been asked to do a newspaper column. He is independ- ently wealthy, lives in nearby Maryland with a pretty young wife and their family. Mr. Ickes See WALLACE EXIT (Page 2, Column 2) Strike Outlook By Trio United Press Strikes and shutdown kept American workers away from their jobs today. The ma- jor disputes: Truman's ad- visors were reported putting the finishing touches on a wage- price formula denigned to end a strike of CIO steel work- ers. Automotive Little progress was reported in efforts to nettle a strike of CIO United Auto Workers against General Motors Corp. 'Self Respect' Still Retained By Secretary Justice Department Gets Plea to Probe Pauley's Testimony WASHINGTON ex- plosive exit of Harold L. Ickes from the cabinet shoved, Presi- dent Truman onto the toughest political spots of his White House career. In abrupt language, Mr. Ickes declared the President's cabinet was one In which he' could no longer serve and "retain my self respect." In even blunter fashion, Mr. Ickes called upon the Justice de- partment to investigate the truth of testimony which Edwin' W. Pauley, Mr. Truman's nominee for undersecretary of navy, has given in senate hearings on his quali- fications. Mr. Ickes categorically charged that Mr. Pauley made statements under oath which were not true.- This slam-bang leave-taking of the man who has directed the de- partment of interior since 1933 posed these Immediate problems for Mr. Truman: Froblem Faced 1. He has to select a new secre- tary of the interior, and he was reported to be seeking an appoint- ee of such top caliber that the nomination would tend to offset the circumstances of Mr. Ickes' resignation. 2. He faces the job of repairing whatever damage has been done in party ranks. Congressional elec- tions come up this fall, with a presidential contest ahead in 1948 Mr. Ickes long has had a substantial following in the New Deal wing of the party. 3. He must decide whether to press for Mr. Pauley's confirma- tion to the navy post, despite the fresh handicaps posed by Mr. Ickes1 bitter attack. 4. He has to neutralize the polit- ical dynamite which Mr. Ickes created in a post-resignation state- ment that he did not care to con- tinue in an administration where I'm expected to commit perjury for the sake of a party." May Say More The end may not be yet. Mr. Ickes indicated he may have more to say about his charges that Mr. Peuley, California oil man, sug- gested to him in 1944 that 000 could be raised from interested oil men for the Democratic cam- paign fund if the government did not push its suit to establish title to off-shore oil lands. It was Presi- dent Truman's comment that Mr. Ickes could have been mistaken in this testimony that brought the resignation. The senate naval committee re- sumes hearings on the Pauley nomination next week, with Mr. Pauley scheduled to offer a re- buttal to the Ickes testimony. Mr. Ickes told reporters his own reap- pearance before the committee "depends on what Pauley has to say Monday." Congressional reaction to the cabinet officer's smoking departure from the government was mixed. A number of southern Democrats applauded his exit, while western- ers had praise for the way he ad- ministered his department. Some Democrats too said they thought Mr1. Truman should "pick a good man as Mr. Ickes' quickly. Few Comparisons It was generally agreed that the capital has seldom seen such a sharp exchange between a cabinet member and his President. Mr. Ickes offered his resignation as secretary of interior effective March 31. Mr. Truman pointedly made the effective date Feb. 15, in accepting it, and added "I also consider that this terminates all of your other governmental activi- ties." Crews to Rush Target Salvage So A-Bomb May Hit Ships Twice WASHINGTON navy will assign its crack salvage crews to rush repairs on target ships damaged in the first atomic bomb test so they can be blasted again in the second. Heading the repair units will Com. William A. Sullivan, whose salvage feats made possible the prompt use of demolition-wrecked harbors in Africa and Europe dur- ing World war II. Test officials said today the joint task force will be prepared to carry on 20 major repair operation si- multaneously at; Bikini atoll, mak- ing it virtually unnecessary to bring bomb-damaged ships back to Pearl Harbor in order to ready them for the second test. Acting under specific orders from the joint chiefs of staff, the task force has arranged what it hopes will be a program of graded destruction, ranging up from neg- ligible damage to destruction. Here is how the task force thinks the pattern of damage may shape: 1st exploded a few hundred feet above the anchored target ships in the atoll. Topside damage to superstructures and above-water portions of hulls from blast, pressure and heat waves emitted by the bomb. 2nd exploded at sur- face level. Worst damage expected to come from a huge tidal wave, possibly as high as 100 feet, cre- ated when the surface blast de- presses and pushes outward the water around the bomb burst. 3rd and final ex- See TARGET SALVAGE (Page 2, Column Neiv'Famine Loaf Pronounced Tasty Sampling some of new "gray" bread made of 80 per cent wheat flour, designed to raise the percentage of yield from wheat, Agriculture Secretary Clinton P. Anderson pronounces it, The new-type bread will permit increase in shipments of flour to starving people of other countries. if Price Policies' Effect On Food Output Eyed Production Failure to Keep Pace With Demand Gets Special Study WASHINGTON special house food committee set out today to learn If food production has failed to keep pace with demand because of government price policies. At the top of the committee's list was butter which the agri- culture department said would be short throughout the year. Several other items also will be scarce at times, the department said, but Americans still will eat better than before the war. Committee members said the in- vestigation was expected to include the administration's new food pro- gram and the question of price control and food subsidies. It also may bring out into the open a sharp dispute over butter prices between price chief Chester Violent Winds BuffetW.Va. Two Sisters Killed In Morgantown Area At least two persons were killed in West Virginia as violent winds buffeted the state from the Ohio river to the Virginia boundary last night nnd early Thursday. Two sisters, Mrs. Alice Myers, 55, and Mrs. Ora Epplcy, 57, were killed in Morgantown early Thurs- day when they were caught be- neath, a roof blown from a Stuart street tavern. The sisters were apparently on their way home about 2 a. m. when they were caught beneath the fly- ing roof. Witnesses said tho roof was lift- ed almost intact from the tavern, which is situated back a consider- able distance from the street, and was blown almost to the other side of the thoroughfare. The debris covered almost the entire pavement, and workers who began to remove the timber were not aware that the women were underneath until blood was discov- ered on the pavement. Workmen had to use axes to re- move the lumber in order to reach the bodies. The roof of the Woodburn school at Morgantown also was damaged by the gale to the extent that school was dismissed for Thursday. Several store windows were re- ported broken in the downtown section of the Monongalia county city. A survey of the Appalachian Electric Power Co., Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Co., and the Charleston fire and police de- partments Thursday failed to dis- close any reports of wind damage in the city during the night or :arly morning. From Huntington, the weather bureau reported winds up to 35 miles per hour along the Ohio river. The bureau said the state is near the center of a low pressure area and that strong shifting winds from 39 to 46 miles per hour could be expected Thursday and Thursday night. Cold rain and snow squalls also were predicted. Parkersburg suffered some dam- age from the gale, which broke several large store windows, power lines and street signs. Manila Feels 'Quake MANILA slight earth- quake was felt in Manila today. The Soriano building, which houses the Associated Press offices on the fourth floor, swayed perceptibly, as did other structures. There were two tremors within a minute. Bowles and Secretary of Agricul- ture Clinton P. Anderson. Both agree that something should be done about the butter shortage but they differ on what, Differ on Action Mr. Anderson favors a six-cent- a-pound increase in retail butter prices to encourage production. Mr. Bowles wants to keep prices where they are and encourage butter producers through a federal sub- sidy. Both were reported to favor cutting ceiling prices on cream. The committee's task was pointed up by the agriculture department's announcement that some foods would be "substantially" below de- mand this year although Ameri- cans would eat more food than ever before. The nutrition value of the nation's diet also will remain good. The department gave the follow- ing summary on 1946 food pros- pects: 11 pounds per person as compared with 10.5 in 1945 and 16.7 before the war. improvement over last year when civilians ate only 73 pounds per person as compared with 96.5 before the war. 14 per cent increase over last year or about 15C pounds per person; more beef and pork, less lamb and mutton. and per cent more lard; 21 per cent less margarine; shortening and other oils about the ame. Dairy products Slightly less milk and cream; somewhat more cheese and canned milk. average civilian will eat only about 365 this year instead of last year's 390 because of more plentiful meat supplies. the same amount of chicken; more turkey than last year's record consumption. Fresh the same amount of fresh fruits but nine per cent less vegetables. Canned enough can- ned meat, fish, fats and fruits to meet demand. Grain enough to meet demand in view of adminis- tration's program to divert food overseas. 53 Outlying Sea Bases Sought for Operations Carriers, Submarines Considered Main Weapons in Atomic Warfare WASHINGTON Chester W. Nimitz told congress today the navy's carrier fleet may make any atomic air attack on this country "very difficult." At the same time, the chief of naval operations said subma- rines hold promise of becoming "the most successful vehicle for carrying atomic weapons to within short distances of coastal targets." Appearing before the senate na- val committee to present the na- vy's recommendations for the post- war fleet, Nimitz brought with him charts which showed plans for: A system of 53 overseas bases for ships and in the Pa- cific and 20 in the Atlantic-Carib- bean area. A navy manned, afloat and ashore, by enlisted men and officers. An active fleet of 319 combatant vessels, part of a tolal fleet of active, ready reserve and laid- tfp ships distributed in the two oceans. Planes Wanted In his prepared testimony Nimitz said "there is no doubt that the use of atomic explosives and other new weapons will have a profound effect on the composition and em- ployment of armies, navies and air forces In the future." Declaring that while the ships, together with armies and cities, are vulnerable the admiral added "ships are difficult and unprofita- ble targets for atomic bombing and almost impossible targets for su- per rockets." Then he said: Relies on Carriers "The ability of our carrier task forces to- prevent penetration by hostile aircraft may make atomic bombing very difficult. "The submarine may be expected to have continued and increased employment in teh future. At sea It is relatively immune to atomic bombing nnd also to rndnr detec- tion. It may be the most success- ful vehicle for carrying atomic weapons to within short distances of coastal targets and for ensuring accuracy in the use of guided mis- sies." Future warfare, Nimitz said, "may for us resolve itself largely into a struggle for the possession of air from which an enemy might bomb us effectively and from which we might effec- tively bomb an enemy. The funda- mental purpose of naval operations will continue to be the defeat of our enemies at the greatest, possi- ble distance from our own shores." Calcutta Uneasy As Rioting Ends CALCUTTA, India all- ot uneasy quiet hung over Cal- cutta today after three days of widespread anti-British disturb- ances which unconfirmed reports said left 37 persons dead and near- ly 400 injured. Strong British military detach- ments continued to patrol the city, where wore killed nnd more than 150 hurt yesterday In re- pented clashes between milil.itry forces and mobs which appeared bent on destroying anything con- nected with the government. Transportation remained at a standstill this morning and tele- phone, telegraph and postal opera- tions were seriously affected. Eu- ropean shops, many of which were damaged and looted in Tuesday's uprising, remained closed in most sections. Two post offices have been looted. The All-India Congress parly, the Moslem league and the Com- munist party sent "peace squads" into disturbed areas last night and lifter a midnight tour they ex- pressed the opinion that the situ- Shutdown Planned By Ford of Canada WINDSOR, Ont. Ford Motor Co. of Canada an- nounced today that production of automobiles at its Windsor plant will end Friday midnight. Ford officials said the move was forced on the company because it has exhausted reserves of steel and no adequate supply is in sight because of strikes in States. the United would ation their automobiles by mobs. improve, were although attacked UNO Nearing Adjournment Syrian, Lebanese Settlement Sought LONDON, United Na- tions general assembly, moving swiftly toward the close of its first session, was expected to clear the way for adjournment today by quick approval of New York City and the nearby New York-Connect- icut area as the temporary and permanent homes of the UNO. As the' 51-nation assembly was called for what may be its final meeting of the session, informed persons predicted the sites as ap- proved by the headquarters com- mittee would easily get the neces- sary two-thirds vote required for adoption. Other Other questions before the as- sembly were expected to be dis- posed of without difficulty. These included a five-power resolution calling for worldwide conservation and equitable distribution of foods and a proposal linking the world federation of trade unions and the American federation of labor with the economic and social council in an advisory capacity. The 11-national security council, which last night disposed of the controversial Indonesian case, was expected to remain in session after the adjournment of the assembly. Officials'said it might not finish its business before Friday night, or even later. Troop Problems The council still was faced wil.h Syrian-Lebanese demands for with- drawal of British and French troops from the. Levant. The French have demanded de- letion from the Syrian-Lebanese complaint of a statement that French troops in the Levant con- stitute a "constant menace to peace and security." A Lebanese delegate said direct negotiations with the French were virtually deadlocked. The council cleared its agenda of all other issues except the Levant dispute last night by voting against intervening in Indonesia and by de- fprring action on an Albanian ap- plication for UNO membership. The Indonesian issue was marked "closed by Council President N, J. O. Mukln of Australia after the council refused to send a committee to investigate the Indonesian situa- tion, and declined to adopt a reso- lution which would have restricted British military activity in the area. The Soviet Ukraine sought the commission Investigation, but only Russia and Poland favored it in n council vole. Mullens Police Seek Relatives of Dead Man MULLENS police sought today relatives of man who died after being admitted to jail on a charge of drunkenness. The unidentified man was ar- rested in the Mullens bus terminal Tuesday afternoon and died sev- eral hours later. The body was found by another prisoner. War Veteran Dies PARSONS, M. Knotts, 82, a veteran of the Span- ish-American war who served in Cuba for 14 months, died Wednes- day in a Parsons hospital. 'Musk Ox' Trek Into Canada Wilds Delayed for Day by Howling Gale CHURCHILL, Canada start of "exercise musk an 81-day experimental military trek through the trackless Arc- postponed until tomorrow because of a howling wind which swept the treeless wastes today with punishing 40-below- zero cold. The icy wind, kicking up the worst weather of the winter in the North country, made it impossible to start the overland trip at the scheduled time. At Es- kimo Point, 200 miles north of here, it; was 50 below. "We can't travel in blowing said Lt. Col. John Wilson, base commander. "Weather like this will stall us no matter where we are." The first stop on the musk ox route is Eskimo Point. The party will travel over Hudson bay ice which rises and falls 15 feet with the tide but safely supports four and one-half ton. snowmobiles. The next stop is Baker another 300 miles north. A party of 10 left Churchill two weeks ago and other equip- ment to build an airstrip but late last night they still hud not reached the site. The part of 42 Canadians and five Americans traveling in 12 be supplied entirely by air. Four C-47's and a small fleet of single engined Norsemen will do the job. The purpose of musk ox is to give vehicles, clothing, food rations and troops a thorough test in an Arctic proving ground. Scientists accompanying the men will get See MUSK OX TREK (Page 2, Column Braden Gets Second Blast From Peron Argentine Leader Denounces Charges In U. S. Blue Book BUENOS AIRES Juan Peron denounced in an in- terview today the United States Blue Book which named him and other leaders of the Argen- tine military government as friends of the Germans. "It is part of the well Known Braden plan which disturbs not only the good relations between UNO Action Likely LONDON Speculation persisted among delegates to the United Nations general assembly todny that Soviet Russia might bring before the security council United States charges that Ar- gentina plotted with the Axis against the United Nations' war effort. Soviet Ambassador F e o d o r Gusev raised the question as to whether the information in the Washington "Blue Book" was available when Argentina was admitted to the United Nations. Belgian Delegate M. F. de House said that if the "Argentine case" was brought up for discussion would ask why Argentina was accepted as a member of the UNO. the two countries but the tran- quility of American republics which see their dignity and sov- ereignty threatened by untimely the former vice president told El Laborita, official publication of Peron's Labor party, which is supporting him in the Feb. 24 presidential election. The Farrell government was re- ported preparing a reply to blue book. Peron's reference again was to Spruille Braden, former U. S. am- bassador to Argentine and now as- sistant secretary of state jn charge of Latin-American affairs. El Laborista published the Peron interview under a streamer say- ing, "Peron or Braden. That "is the issue. Vote Feb. 24 for one or the other." Informants at the foreign office said Foreign Minister Juan L Cooke would refer to the blue book in a radio speech on foreign policy scheduled for tonight. Coke declined comment when left the foreign office last night. Other government sources said they considered tho U. S. charges directed at Peron, rather than against the present government which took office after Peron re- signed as vice president. Peron, in a campaign speech Tuesday night accused Braden of "Insolent Intervention" in Argen- tine affairs. The pro-Peron newspaper La Epoca said the Blue Book was "concocted for political reasons" and was "a combination of lies and open contradictions." It quoted Peron as describing the contents of the book as "crude lies." Meanwhile, sorno of other prominent. Argentines mentioned in the U. S. document quickly is- sued denials of pro-Nazi activities. Rbwson on Defense One of these was Gen. Arturo Rawson, who served for a short time ns president of the military government in. which Peron later came to power. Rawson issued a statement saying he took office with the firm intention of breaking diplomatic relations with the Axis but was ousted before he had time to act. Another was Alberto Uriburu, named in tho Blue Book as aiding Nazi plans while Argentine Am- bassador to Peru. He denied the allegation in. a lengthy statement. Rooms Rented Quickly With A Want-Ad! Of course rooms are easy to rent; now. But when you do have a vacancy, you want to rent your room quickly most a desirable tenant A Daily Mail Want-Ad will do both jobs for you; just ask any of the following peo- ple: Miss Edith Satterfield, 1573-B Lee St., rented her room in one day. Mrs. F. Wallace, 1007 Main St., rented a room. Mrs. J. H. Vasbinder, 1700 Durst St., rented a room. Mrs. John Henderson, 2436 Kanawha Blvd., rented a room. Mrs. O. U, Hersman, 1427 Fifth Av., rented a room. All of the above people used Daily Mail Want Ads to obtain their results. Want ads phoned in before 11 a. m. will appear in the Daily Mail that evening. Phone 22-141, ask for "CLASSI- FIED."