Walla Walla Union Bulletin, October 7, 1945

Walla Walla Union Bulletin

October 07, 1945

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Issue date: Sunday, October 7, 1945

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Walla Walla Union-Bulletin (Newspaper) - October 7, 1945, Walla Walla, Washington The National Whirligig c? -w Behind the Washington Tucker New lork Albert N. By John Fisher Marshal Georgl Zhukov ihould prove as effective an ambassador of good will for his county as Gen- eral Eisenhower has been for the United States in several European capitals, including Moscow. His visit may ease the tension which developed between Washing ton and Moscow in the sharp clashes of personalities and prin- ciples at the council of foreign min- isters in London. Cooperation of the Soviet union and the United States in specific cases of international policy is not easy, as recent disputes over Big Three exclusiveness, Balkan elec- tions and Italian colonies have dem- onstrated. Yet nearly everyone realizes that, until the two coun- tries learn to get along well to- gether, hope for a stable world will be dim. Authorities on diplomatic affairs point out that these two chief isol- ationist nations alone had the power to decide the outcome of World war II. Lack of their guidance pre- viously had permitted Europe and Asia to explode. Now they ara su- preme. Yet neither is experienced in the complicated task of interna- tional leadership. Both are feeling their way in a new field and each is somewhat suspicious of the motives of the other. Molotov's Tactics The experts warn that it will be tragic should the pair not colla- borate successfully. If the United States, they say, treats the Soviet union as a potential enemy, then we must ensure a long period of burdens, political uphea- vals and other disturbances as the fear-stricken world lines up in two hostile blocs. Lately, however, even those who most strongly favor close ties with Russia have been concerned over the obduracy of Molotov at the council of foreign ministers. Re- marks made by the leaders of other nations reveal that they, too, have been alienated by his seeming tru- culence. If history proves anything it is that one nation cannot antagonize the majority of other states and get away with it. Stalin himself has always shown that he is too wise a statesman to insist on hav- ing his own way at the cost of a ierious- rift in the grand alliance. What, then, it behind Molotov's tactics? Impartial statesmen believe that Moscow is mo're than ever pre- Our 77th Year, No. 147 Walla Walla, Wash., Sunday, October 7, 1945 NEA BtrrUi Int., Dilllu Sunday lOc Copy Sixteen Pages Liberals Appointed by New Premier United War Fund Drive Opening Set Kickof f Luncheon Wednes- day to Launch Campaign To Raise for Final Fund Effort The United War Fund campaign for Walla Walla city and county will open Wednesday and continue exactly three weeks until its close on October 31, with the largest quo- ta in local for the drive. The all-out effort will be Continued oa Editorial Nippon China Units Give Up TIENTSIN, China Gen. Keller E. Hockey, U. S. marine corps, Saturday accepted the sur- render of in Tientsin for Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, The Chinese populace cheered the marine hand played Amer- ican and Chinese anthems during the ceremony in which Hockey, commander of the Third marine am- phibious corps, received the swords of Lt. Gen. Ginosuke Uchida and MaJ. Gen. Shiro Omato. It was the first formal capitula- tion of Japanese troops in the Tientsin-Peiping area, where they totalled men. The Japanese, never defeated on the battlefield, were obviously re- sentful at being compelled to walk half a block to the surrender table In front of the French municipal building, where they laid their swords on the green cloth. Before the ceremony, the Nip- ponese naval attache at Tientsin, Captain Taijiri, committed hara kiri in his quarters. There was no further word of any trouble from Chinwangtao, where a few random shots were fired in launched with a kickoff luncheon Wednesday noon at the Grand ho- tel, at which the Kiwanis club will be host to the Rotary and Lions United War Fund campaign workers. Dr. Bruce R. Baxter of Portland, bishopog the Methodist church for the Portland area and form- erly president of Willamette uni- versity, will be the principal speak- er for the occasion. Campaign headquarters have been established for the duration of the campaign period in the Pa- cific Power and Light company of- fice, Second and Main streets. J. A. McKee, executive secretary of the United War Fund, is in charge of the drive office. As in the past several years, much of the solicitation work is be- ing done by means of letters to previous Roland Miller, county chairman. Several thousand letters were mailed out on October 1, giving details as to the quota for the cam- paign and reasons why the money is needed. A heavy response was noted by the end of the past week, it was reported Saturday by McKee, who said that the total of pre-campaign contributions had already passed all previous marks. Last year's drive started slowly but ended up with more than well over the 1944 guota of The Haines-Borrows company concluded its employe solicitation Saturday and turned in all money to become the first firm to qualify Lewis Turns Down Request To End Strike WASHINGTON L. Lewis turned down a request of bitumin- ous coal operators Saturday to end the soft coal strikes, but the gov- ernment did not press the issue. The operators made their plea at a conference with secretary of labor Lewis B. Schwellenbach, who told reporters he did not himself ask the United Mine Workers president to end the strike. About are idle in more than 600 mines in a controversy which sprang up over recognition of Lewis' supervisory union. Schwellenbach indicated he was withholding his own plea to end the strikes, until next week in case the conferences which he called with the operators and miners fail to produce a solution. Lewis disclaimed responsibility clubs as well as to a number of for the stoppages, saying they were begun by the local unions of United Clerical, Technical and Super- visory employes, in a battle for recognition by the operators. The producers insisted that Lewis had inspired the strikes and could end them. The conference will -eontinue Mcaday at 10 a. m. Warner Bros. Strike Calm HOLLYWOOD Peaceful pick- eting in force was conducted Sat- Ui T urday by striking film craftsman contnbutors. .ccordmg to _ club, McKee reported. Last For Fond current campaign will be the last for the United War Fund, which collects funds for both the National War Fund and the Walla Walla Community Chest National officials have already announced that no further money-raising drives will be held by the National War Fund. The Walla Walla Community (Continued on Page 8, Col. X) Shintoism To Be Abolished WASHINGTON UP) The United States has decided to abolish shin- toism as a state religion in Japan, it was officially disclosed Saturday night This measure, one of the most yet determined upon in re- marine-occupied area October Japan into a peaceful There was no report of any marine tion wfll not shintoism "in being bat so jar as it religion of in- dividual the announce- ment said. However the cult is to lose its government support, its special taxes, its place in the schools of Japan and its official enforcement of the people. De Gaulle Bids For Rhineland PARIS OP) Gen. De Gaulle re- turned from a tour of Alsace Satur- day enunciated the new French policy of friendship and cooperation The policy was announced by John Carter Vincent, chief of far eastern affairs at the state depart- ment who said all those special privileges which shintoism had as religion as "to be done state religion has been regarded as one of the power- ful controls which Japan's mili- tarist leaders exercised over their people. mo_ tion picture studio after both sides in the dispute had obtained court injunctions to prevent violence on the part of each other. Herbert Sorrell, head of the AFL conference of studio unions, which called the strike against major film studios last March 12, said there would be no picketing Sun- day but that the lines would form again Monday at 5 a.m. Some 400 or 500 pickets ranged eight abreast Saturday in front of the main gates of the rambling film plant in nearby Burbank, while perhaps half that number of non-strikers studio workers and spectators faced them across the studio. Warners said production was at a standstill. Reds Argue in Treaty Conflict LONDON Pravada editorial broadcast by Moscow radio Satur- day argued that if France were brought into Balkan treaty-making similar privileges should be ac- corded Yugoslavia, Poland a n d Czechoslovakia. "What grounds art there to re- move Yugoslavia from participa- tion in drawing up peace treaties with Italy and Germany's Balkan exsatellites, since it is known that Yugoslavia has done more than most other countries to defeat Hit- lerite Germany and Fascist the editoral asked. "While agreeing to extend number of countries invited to take part in drawing up peace treaties. how can one eliminate Poland and Czechoslovakia, whose sacifices in the struggle against Hitler's ag- gression are universally "Obviously there are no grounds for doing Pravda asserted. The Soviet Union during the council o' foreign ministers con- ference held out against the parti- cipation of France and China in the discussions of Balkan _peace treaties. Vmcenton was one cf three policy) forming officials who appeared on; "fS a state department broadcast over the NBC network tonight Others Hitler's Brother Finally Released After Questions HAMBURG, Germany Hitler's half-brother. Alois, has been released by British authori- ties who arrested him nearly two the Germans in almost every state- ment he made. The policy, contrasting with the "hard peace" pronouncements of the United States. Britain and Rus- sia, brought evident surprise and satisfaction to German civil ad- ministrators. Official members of the De Gaulle party said it -was an Maj. Gen. John H. attempt by France to win the 10.- war department civil affairs Alois "a Berlin beer 009.000 Rhineland Germans a-way rector, and Capt R. L. Dennison.; tavern proprietor before and dur- from the rest of Germany and to I navy department member on the'mg the war said Hitler hated him bring this area, as a unit, into government's policy making com-1 and never had visited him in the a political and economic union wi'h for Japan. JQ T France. Formal annexation is notj a part ff the French program. was said. The French hope to create a political, economic and cultural entity out of the area which em- braces the Saarland, Bade. Wur- tembuTg, the Palatinate and Hesse. THE WEATHER Partly cloudy above norrod today, maximum likely between 72 axtd 76. SporAr From Cnt Will Set Off (HM Expiation Do you know. that a spark as tiny as that made by rub- baic a is all thai is needed 1o set off an of VSTT T the funrs tyr-p" of fluids. It -when such occur in homes traeedr sneaks in CVsn The Walla Walla Unicm-Bulletm is carrr- the ca-jiicn of the lia Aswuiaii'n of I-P- F.re Pro- Work October 7 to Potato Syrup Is Envisioned Product of U. S. Liquor Stills WASHINGTON Hugh Butler is a-feuding with the reven- ooers Saturday after beating the nation's alcohol stills into part-tiine factories. plugging for finance committee approval. During the war the government built at Omaha. Neb. Strike Vote Notice To Be Posted Workers Uneasy Because Telephone Firm Taking Stubborn Attitude in Current Wage Crisis NEW YORK UP) Henry Mayer, counsel for the Federation of Long Line Telephone Workers, said Sat- urday a strike vote notice would be filed for telephone workers throughout the country within 15 days. Mayer, also counsel for many of the 44 other unions which took some workers off their jobs in Friday's four-hour "token" walk- out, said the strike vote notice would be filed with the national labor relations board, the war la- bor board and the department of labor. Under the Smith-Connally act, strike balloting cannot begin un- til 30 days after notice is filed. "The workers are May- er asserted, "over the fact that the American Telephone and Tele- graph company has adopted a stub- born attitude in labor disputes." Called in Protest Authorization for the strike vote notice, Mayer said, as given by workers during Friday's walkout, called by the National Federation of Telephone Workers (IND) in protest against an NLRB examin- er's ruling that the Western Elec- tric Employes' association, Inc., at Kearny, N. J-, was company-dom- inated and therefore should be dis- solved. Mayer said the decision for a strike vote was "overwhelming" and that there was "not even a slight minority anywhere among the 45 organizations." Mayer, in his announcement Sat- urday, said demands for a wage in- crease averaging 30 per cent would be incorporated in the strike vote notice. Best Man Gets Much Attention BERRYVILLE, Senator Bennett Champ Clark of Missouri and Actress Violet Heming were married Saturday but the best man got more attention than the bride and bridegroom. The best man was President Har- ry Truman who came from the white house to "stand up" for his old friend and former fellow sena- tor. This little northern Virginia town of was agog over the cere- mony. Throughout the short ceremony, the president stood with bent head except once when loud knocking from a heating radiator caused him to look around. When Clark held out his hand for the ring, the presi- dent had it For the 51-year-old bride, who took her first starring part as "Wendy" in "Peter Pan" 35 years ago, it was her first marriage. Clark, 55, was married before. His first wife is dead. Charged in Slaying Mrs. Annie Mansfeldt, wife of a. San Francisco doctor, (second from left) dropped her head and cried as Municipal Judge Edward Molkenbuhr (right) charged her with murder in connection with the death of Vada Martin, a, nurse, on October 5. Ai her left is James Maclnnis. her attorney. She was brought to court by Mrs. Edna Sweeney, police matron (extreme other man Is unidenti- fied. Too late, Mrs. Mansfeldt told police she is convinced her victim was innocent of her suspicion that she was having an affair with her husband. AFL Accuses CIO of Strike-Break Try PORTLAND, AFL Lum- ber and Sawmill workers Union, more of its pickets forced off by injunctions, Saturday accused the rival CIO and lumber operators of trying to break up its five-state strike. In a formal .statement, AFL strike policy committee heads cri- ticized injunctions to reopen CIO mills, and warned "we have just begun to fight, and the lumber in- dustry is going to remain down tight." The threat was backed up, the lumber union said, with a pledge from the Sailors union of the Pa- cific that "no seamen are going to sail any ships into any dock to pick up any lumber." Previously the Sailors union had applied its boycott already slowing down lumber shipments only to pick- eted mills. A 750-man Tacoma operation, closed when CIO workers refusing to pass AFL pickets, was expected to reopen Monday after the CIO won an anti-picket injunction. A "show cause" order, returnable men picketing a CIO Seattle plant The AFL statement, issued by John Christenson and Frank Chap- man, branded continued CIO-op- erator conciliation meetings as an effort "to set a precedent and break our strike." U.S. Ships in 'Russian9 Port SAN FRANCISCO Unit- ed States cruisers under command of Vice Adm. Daniel E. Barbey steamed into Chefoo harbor, the only Communist-held port in China, NBC Correspondent Robert Shaplen reported from aboard the flagship Saturday night He said Barbey was there to sur- vey what he described as tick- lish situation." Chefoo is southeast across the gulf of Chili from Tientsin where U. S. marines landed. It is 65 miles due south of Russian-held Port Arthur. The cruisers in the harbor are the Minneapolis. San Francisco, Tuscaloosa, New Orleans and Louis- ville. Chinese Communist forces enter- ed Chefoo. Shaplen said. August 23 after Japanese soldiers and civilians had departed for Japan and set up their own administra- tion. It has not yet been taken over- by allied forces or Chinese forces of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Nimitz Lauded By Philippines WASHINGTON Admiral Chester "W. Nimitz. given the great- est homecoming welcome ever ac- corded a naval hero by the nation's capital since Dewey returned from Manila bay. received fresh honors Saturday. President Sergio Osmena of the Philippines conferred on the Pacific fleet commander the common- wealth's highest medal for valor for his "distinguished leadership and courage during the war of liberation." ______ Nimitz was the second man in' {er war veterans' needs will cost Philippines' history to get the decor- :at least S2.607.119.250 this" year. Vets to Cost -i af- ation. The other ncas General Doug- las MacArthur. Recent Parolee Picked Up at Albany, Ore. That's almost four times as much as it cost to run the entire federal government in 1916. And the boys have just started to come homs. t Each year the cost will go up. Unpredictable Tigers Blast Chicago Cubs on Own Ball Lot CHICAGO (IP) Detroit's unpre-! dictable Tigers came roaring back! again Saturday behind the brilliant' five-hit pitching of Paul "Dizzy" Trout to wallop the Chicago Cubs, 4 to 1, before fans at Wrig- ley field and square the world se- ries at two victories apiece. In one big inning, the fourth, the Bengals broke their appalling bat- ting famine to drive southpaw Ray Prim from the mound and score all their runs on four hits and a pair of walks. With that to work on Trout was never threatened, and the only run scored off his scorch- ing fast ball and curves was un- earned. Up to the time of their dramatic outbreak, the Tigers had remained hitless through 10 innings and had not scored a run in 15 frames of series play. three innings.in Saturday's gloomy, 'tfrizZllng weather it had even looked like Prim might equal Claude Passeau's one-hit classic of Friday and all but crush out Detroit's last hope of the championship. Tigers Come Alive One was out when the Tigers suddenly burst their bounds and jumped back into the fight Eddie Mayo opened it with a walk, the first Bengal to reach first Roger Cramer and Hank Greenberg fol- lowed with clean singles, Mayo scoring on tne eevond blow, as Cra- mer advanced to second. When Soy Cullenbine came through with his first hit of the se- ries, a rousing double down the left field line that scored Cramer and sent Greenberg to third. Prim was yanked and was replaced by Paul Derringer. New Tap Chief Met MacArthur While Youth TOKYO new pre- mier, Baron Shidehara, related to newsmen Saturday how he had at- tended a social function in the United States many years ago and was told by his host: "I want you to meet a promis- ing young officer in the U. S. army who is very popular here." He enjoyed meeting the promis- ing, popular young officer, Shide- hara added. The officer was Douglas MacArthur. Aviation Meet Here Tuesday Walla Walla will be the scene Tuesday afternoon of a district- wide aviation conference in the Marcus Whitman hotel sponsored by the aviation committee of the Chamber of Commerce of which Lewis Felch is general conference chairman. The conference actually gets un- der way at the Tuesday luncheon of the chamber where the speaker will be Harvey Stowers of L o s Angeles, who is assistant to president of the Aircraft York was purposely passed, fill- ing the bases. Outlaw forced Rudy (Continued on Page 5, Col. 3) Indictments the In- dustries Association of America Inc., -formerly known as the Aeron- autical Chamber of Commerce of America. He will speak on "The New Air Frontier for Business-'' The chamber luncheon will be at the Grand hotel. Registrations Asked Advance registrations are asked of those planning to attend tbe luncheon. Stowers will participate in the afternoon roundtabie discussions on IS f1'11 But ft" aviation subjects, which are to be not constitute a v A held in the ballroom at the Marcus ish commission was on hand. Jus- tice Robert H. Jackson and other members of the American group were forced to remain in Weis- baden by the weather but are ex- pected Sunday. The trial prosecutors iViet Sat- urday. A session of fee judges will be held Monday. The formal read- ing of the _indictments is expected at a court assembly Tuesday. New Chief Given Free Hand in Land Resignation of Former Cabinet Blamed on De- lay in Following Out Orders Issued TOKYO Baron Kujuro Shidehara, long-time foe of Japan's machmegun imperialism, became premier of a new government Sat- urday and forthwith disbanded the dread secret police. Given a free hand by Emperor Hirohito and the approval of Gen- eral MacArthur's headquarters. 73-year-old former ambassador to the United States dug into his task with a vigor that belied his years. Domei agency said his first act was to reappoint as foreign minis- ter Shigeru Yoshida, a like-minded man whose criticism of the war against the United States once landed him in jail. His second act, said the news- paper Asahi, was to appoint veter- an parliamentarian Yadanji Naka- jima to the crucial post of home minister, under whose authority the "thought" police ran their reign of terror. Causes Downfall It was the failure to obey prompt- ly MacArthur's order to dismiss home Minister Iwao who sought to save the secret police helped bring down Premier Higashi-Kuni's post-surrender gov- ernment Friday. Domei announced that the ministry, besides suspending secret police, freed 25 political pris- oners, including 16 Communists. It likewise dissolved the special higher police censor department, which pried into the lives of dis- senters, Dornei news agency said. Under MacArthur'g orders, pre- fectural police chiefs and others connected with the secret police plan of a gestapo-like "thought control" over Japan will be re- moved when the new cabinet" is formed, this account added. Domei took advantage of Mac- Arthur's new freedom of speech decree to attack the secret police, asserting its "bloody trail of ruth- less activities" kept the Japanese people in "utter dread of the name itself for many years." Shidehara's emergency from obscurity into which the militar- ists thrust him coincided with a, revolutionary proposal by the fin- ance ministry to permit the Japan- ese people to buy into vast stati holdings as a means of redeeminj the enormous war debts. Coming First BERLIN of the in- ternational war crimes tribunal be- gan gathering in Berlin Saturday for an important prelude to -the November proclamation of indictments. All French and Soviet members be Lane Wilcox. supervisor of air-j had arrived and part of the Brit- ports: George South, aeronautical! Hitler Still May Be Alive LONDON (IP} Gen. Eisenhower was reported by the Dutch radio Saturday to have told Dutch news- papermen there was "reason to be- lieve" that Hitler was still alive. The broadcast, recorded by BBC. said that one of the correspondents accompanying Eisenhower on a vis- it to The Hague asked the general if he thought Hitler was dead. "I thought so at first." Eisenhow- er was said to have replied, "but there is reason to believe that he Whitman. Also in attendance a t these sessions will be four CAA officials headed by Paul Morris, Seattle, regional administrator for the CAA. Others in his party will be Lane Wilcox. supervisor of air- The broadcast said Eisenhower was received by Queen Wflhelmina and had lunch with her at the pal- inspector: and E. B. Williamson, member of the CAA administra- tor's non-scheduled flying advisory committee. Hourly sessions at 2. 3 and 4 the! Kramer Admits Gas Episodes LUENEBERG VP) Joseph Kra- mer, "the beast of Belsen." con- f ifessed that he gassed prisoners at afternoon conference iNatzweiler concentration camp in The 2 p.m. roundtabie will on "community aviation and air- !_ ;3 signed statement presented Sat- f Continued on Pace 8, Col. 2) Kew benefits will be added, more gj entitied to pen- How high 5s if to go? __. _ Clyde Sapp. four days ou. of ae Washington state prison here, was arrested Saturday at Albar.y. on warrant charging attempted jrand larceny, issued is alleged be made an effort to slcal an aulo Ernest CoweH farm in she Eureka ua] district. Sheriff Archie Slrick an- its economists, in trying to Little Soil Building Mineral Returned in Pea Operations. Editor's note: This is She first'tain of a brief series of articles deal-! astronomical j urday as the prosecution concluded I its case against 45 SS men and i women guards accused of conspira- cy to commit mass murder. J Kramer, who saw duty at five i concentration camps, also admitted j that he was fully aware of the gas chamber and crematorium at tae Oswiecim camp he commanded. Kramer's confession contradicted an earlier statement, which mass that totals resches troducec by Prosecutor T. ML re not house four days At thai time the surly Nazi oenied existence of gas chamber at Oswiecnn and categorically denied allegations of in particular. The articles are a given mass, only 9 per cent former prisoners that there were based on interviews wish practical, of the whole szno-jnt of nitrogen in mass executions, whippings and Bounced Saturday night. Sapp had taken employment [estimate postwar taxes, guessed by the fiscal year vet- the farm ard, after dark, drove, will cost the CoweH car into a summerfal-'Qoo field where it stalled. After1 officials of veterans' farmers and specialists in such matters. The second of the series win be published next Sunday. 87 A. W. Nelson Swivel-chair farmers and grass- a pea plant, contained in the other demonstrations ol cruelty, roots; 43.2 per cent is contained in statement closed the the vines; the pods contain 17.2 prosecution case, per cent; the peas 34 5 per cent, j the peas cannot be! jlo iTha GRANGE TO MEET t u t v.tvi j _ _.--... wiij v k. v Ol UJV ft.iiu uua p, v t v button-.se the philosophers wi between the potato, bai and the synjp bucket. i The revenue have wartime production "a JWOia! made out of aJcphol of poTstoes. They just don't out of Omaha every day for CATSKHA. N. T. Saturday it wade if a plart also turning out Seattle, wher-c it wss loaded into i SicMras. who achieved mler-iwjth twice brpaking the Japanese have ti watch shins. 'national fame as a hymr. wj-ier di'inne the war. alfAhol for tax purposes, and f'giiTej Now il concrc-KS will jurt change i the era of reliEionj revivalitrnx! Sabath told newtmen that the ecpms roipht pet cmnpli-jthe law. Bjtler can the j died Saturday at the of 39 Dr jc-odc was broken firs? prior to the 'J. nw hning up the swjtcbe? wrote hymn-'; and direciod battle of Midway, ard thai later a Tnrre s way'for a filid tram of potato svrap. i music the revival tesro cfitSe wsr fo'vtsi., Ira D H Breskirg of tbe cMe first of Uiero for food A ib-jled to the nnssfcsnj! American tressing of tola, pea; the soil of these same soil produced them. 653 per sable chenVcals. cent of the nitrogen in the peas What these same either wo-j3d be returned to the in- in Sul- ler irv change the la-w. anr.k and aheat-lSankey m quarter of the do not know, or purposely isnore..stead of the minute fraction of 4 9 is the asserted far. only cent which soes fclD the soil minor fraction of basic chemicals! through the roots left in the ground in a pea plant are contained ;r, the when pea? are harvested, roots. The vastly greater proper- The same relative ratios prevail tion is in the vines, snfl -peas, in regard to phosphates and potssh. Tmneodowt Wtrte >two other basic fertilirin? chemi- In the lace of these facts pep cals. which, with nitrogen. ex- be mantamed in the soil to ?void the ires by the total of soil fertility. convenient methods, or Ihe above figures are broken s in a rjbjoined tuble, and ccitarr. 'victory at i vases produced in tie Blue (CtmtaaM an Cat S) L. HARTW1G Armourccs of Used Parti WrecVinj Depa-tent to GUS ANDERSON See Pase 14 NEWSPAPER! iWSPAPEUI ;