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Winchester Star (Newspaper) - October 5, 1983, Winchester, Virginia The Winchester Star 88th Year No. 80 40 PAGES/4 SECTIONS WINCHESTER, VIRGINIA 22601, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1983 667-3200 15 CENTS Peace Prize Goes to Walesa OSLO, Norway (AP) - Lech Walesa, founder of the now-outlawed Solidarity labor union, today won the 1983 Nobel Peace Prize for his struggle on behalf of workers' rights in Communist-ruled Poland. � The Norwegian Nobel Committee said it honored Walesa "as an exponent of the active longing for peace and freedom which exists, in spite of unequal conditions, unconquered in all the peoples of the world." Walesa, the first Pole to win the coveted prize, was chosen for his "contribution, made with considerable personal sacrifice, to en- sure the workers' right to establish their own organizations," the committee said. It said the 40-year-old former head of Solidarity, the first independent trade union in the Soviet bloc, had worked with "a determination to solve his country's problems through negotiation and cooperation without resorting to violence." Walesa had left his apartment this morning to hunt for mushrooms in the woods and was not at home when the prize was announced, said his wife Danuta. "Oh God, I am very happy, very, very happy," she said when reached by telephone at their home in the Baltic port of Gdansk, where Walesa helped create Solidarity at the Lenin shipyard. Walesa entered the international spotlight in August 1980 when, after a summer of strikes and labor turmoil, Solidarity forced Poland's government to allow the right to strike and organize independent unions. Those gains were negated later by the banning of Solidarity and the imposition of martial law. The Nobel Committee, in a statement explaining its award, said Walesa "has attempted to establish a dialogue between the organization he represents - Solidarity - and the authorities." The statement, read by Nobel Committee chairman Egil Aarvik, did not speculate on whether Walesa will travel to Oslo to receive his award and Nobel Prize check on Dec. 10. The awards always are given on that date, the anniversary of the death in 1896 of Swedish dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel, whose will established the Nobel Prizes. This year's stipend for each winner is a record 1.5 million Swedish kronor - almost $190,000. Walesa is only the second peace prize winner from the Soviet bloc, and his selection likely will prompt a similar response there as the 1975 award to Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov. East bloc governments claimed the award to Sakharov was motivated by politics, despite the Nobel Committee's avowed apolitical goals. Jakob Sverdrup, the Nobel Committee's secretary and head of the Norwegian Nobel Institute, said Walesa's name was proposed by several groups of parliamentarians. Autry Told of Stay As Execution Neared Associated Press James David Autry received a stay of execution at the last minute Tuesday night, just before he was to receive a lethal injection. Security glass formed patterns on his forehead in this photo taken last month. HUNTSVILLE, Texas (AP) -Convicted killer James David Autry lay strapped to a death house gurney with a needle in his arm today when he was told - four minutes after his execution was to have started - that a U.S. Supreme Court justice had granted a reprieve. The 29-year-old drifter, condemned for killing a store clerk in 1980 over a six-pack of beer, showed neither joy nor sadness at the ruling that prolonged his life, officals said. A pro-execution crowd outside the prison, however, reacted with obscenities, and the daughter of Autry's victim said, "It figures." Justice Byron White granted the stay at 11:32 p.m. CDT Tuesday, based on the question of . "proportionality" - whether or not the sentence is comparable to those given other people for similar crimes. The state failed in a bid to have the order overturned immediately. The stay came one day after the entire U.S. Supreme Court turned down by a 54 vote a request by defense attorney Charles Carver for a stay so he could pursue an appeal based on a different issue - whether a witness should have been granted immunity from prosecution to testify in Autry's behalf. A saline solution already was running into Autry's arm in preparation for the lethal jolt of chemicals when the reprieve was granted, prison officials said. But Autry "did not say one word or have any response," when told at 11:39 p.m. that there had been a delay, said Texas Corrections Department spokesman Rick Hartley. At 12:05 a.m., the condemned man learned of the stay and "once again there was no reaction." Autry was led back to his cell next to the death chamber. Fifty minutes before the execution scheduled for 12:01 a.m., White had received an application for a stay from Alvin Brons-tein of the American Civil Liberties Union's National Prison Project. Ann Arnold, press secretary to Gov. Mark White, said the stay was granted on the basis of a California case the high court plans to hear Nov. 7. She said she understood that Justice White stayed Autry's case until the California case is decided. Texas Attorney General Jim Mattox said the California matter "deals with the question of proportionality of the sentence - whether or not the sentence granted one person given the death penalty is the same or com- parable to a sentence given someone else for an equal crime." Autry, called "Cowboy" by fellow inmates on death row at the Ellis Unit of the Texas Department of Corrections, would have been the ninth inmate executed nationwide and the second in Texas since the Supreme Court reinstated the death penalty in 1976. Lenora Taylor of Cleveland, Texas, the daughter of the 43-year-old woman Autry was convicted of killing, was angry. "I knew it... I thought it was so close. I thought it would be over with. It figures they would have found something," she said in a telephone interview. Outside the red-brick Walls prison housing the Texas death chamber, a boisterous crowd of about 200 pro-death penalty demonstrators shook their fists and chanted an obscenity when word of the stay spread. Autry, who has a crime record dating back to his youth in Amarillo, has denied fatally shooting Port Arthur convenience store clerk Shirley Drouet or former Catholic priest Joseph Broussard, who discovered Mrs. Drouet's body. Autry was never tried for Broussard's death or the shooting of another witness. Nicaragua Says Plane Downed MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) -The Defense Ministry says Nicaraguan soldiers shot down a U.S.-registered transport plane carrying supplies to CIA-backed rebels in the northern mountains. A ministry statement issued late Tuesday said a DC-3 transport plane registered in Oklahoma was shot down 90 miles north of Managua, the Nicaraguan capital, after taking off from Honduras. The ministry said two Nicaraguan rebel pilots and a mechanic were captured by soldiers of the leftist government, while two men died in the crash and two escaped after parachuting from the plane. ! Elsewhere in Central America, leftist Salvadoran rebels said they over- ran four army posts, killing 16 soldiers, and Guatemala's army said it killed 23 leftist rebels in an ambush. In Tegucigalpa, capital of Honduras, a spokesman for the U.S.-backed Democratic Nicaraguan Force rebel group said the transport plane was on a "special mission" when it was forced to land because of "mechanical difficulties." The three men captured were identified by officials in Managua as Roberto Amador Alvarez, a former major of the National Guard of late Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza, former National Guard Capt. Hugo Reinaldo Aguilar, and Jaime Lau Ramirez, a mechanic. The Honduran-based rebels, led mostly by former officers of the National Guard, receive aid from the CIA. They and a separate guerrilla force fighting in southern Nicaragua Bridge..................24 Business.................6 Classified.............34-39 Comics..................40 Crossword Puzzle........34 DearAbby..............25 Inside Editorials.................4 Frederick County.........10 Living................21-26 Movies...................7 National.................5 Obituaries...............2 People..................17 Spectator...............40 Sports................29-34 TV Schedule.............40 Virginia..................3 Weather.................2 are trying to overthrow the leftist Sandinista government. The Nicaraguan Foreign Ministry said armed rebels riding in speed boats destroyed two fuel tanks at Benjamin Zeledon, a port on Nicaragua's Atlantic coast. Late Tuesday, Costa Rica and Honduras warned they would use force to block Nicaraguan moves against rebel groups in their territory. Responding to remarks by Nicaraguan Junta Coordinator Daniel Ortega, who last week said his troops would enter Costa Rica and Honduras to chase rebels, a Hon-duran presidential press release said such moves would be met by "all the resources of the armed forces." -Caked Arizona Get More Rain ' TUCSON, Ariz. (AP) - Flood-weary Arizonans dug through mud-Caked debris and riot police guarded a mining town ravaged both by rains and strike violence as a forecaster warned the "same song, second verse" could renew downpours tonight. The fierce flooding, which left 15 people dead or missing and hundreds of millions of dollars in damage in Arizona's worst disaster of the century, receded Tuesday as the sun came out. But swollen rivers continued to rage out of control in some areas, forcing evacuations and inundating previously untouched communities southwest of Phoenix. Added to the desert state's troubles, the National Weather Service said a major storm from a Pacific hurricane could hit tonight, bringing more heavy rains to devastated southern Arizona. "We're talking large-scale," said meteorologist Brenda Graham in Phoenix. "It's the same sort of song, second verse." Emergency-service workers began moving heavy equipment to likely flood sites ahead of the storm, while government and disaster-relief officials assessed the massive damage already suffered, estimated at up to $300 million by Arizona legislators. In the copper mining town of Clifton, where floods swept away half the community, looters preyed on wrecked homes and businesses and striking copper workers threw rocks at non-striking employees of Phelps Dodge Corp., authorities said. In response, police cordoned off the business district, imposed a 10 p.m. curfew for the town's 4,200 residents and called in 25 riot-helmeted reinforcements from the Department of Public Safety. Running in circles? Concern, 667-0)45. LECH WALESA Nuclear Men's lined jackets, Bargain Corner. $19.99. Associated Press A house in Clifton, Ariz., is surrounded by wood 8-foot-deep flood waters that devastated the city debris dragged down the San Francisco River by of 4,000. Proposed UNITED NATIONS (AP) - The Soviet Union is inviting the United States to join in a worldwide freeze on nuclear weapons, just two months before the planned deployment of new U.S. missiles in Western Europe. Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, in a proposal made Tuesday, urged the 158-nation General Assembly to adopt a resolution calling on all countries to agree to a freeze "under appropriate verification." Moscow "considers it possible for the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. to be the first to implement it on a bilateral basis by way of example to the other nuclear powers," Gromyko wrote to U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar. The foreign minister decided not to attend the assembly session after the governors of New York and New Jersey decreed that his plane could not land at Kennedy or Newark airports in protest of the Soviet downing of a Korean airliner Sept. 1. Previous Soviet proposals for a nuclear weapons freeze have been rejected by the Reagan administration, which said such action would allow the Soviets to maintain an existing edge in nuclear strength. Gromyko said his freeze resolution included a ban on deployment of new nuclear arms - an apparent reference to the 572 Pershing 2 and cruise missiles the United States plans to deploy in Western Europe beginning in December unless a superpower accord is reached. Gromyko proposed in a second letter to Perez de Cuellar that the General Assembly adopt a resolution condemning nuclear war as "the most hideous crime against the peoples." In Gromyko's absence, Soviet Ambassador Oleg A. Troyanovsky outlined the proposal in a speech to the assembly. "The implementation of that initiative would markedly raise the degree of trust among the nuclear-weapon countries and would make it possible to move decisively towards breaking the vicious cycle of the arms race," he said. "Moreover, this would also promote the reduction and, eventually, complete elimination of nuclear weapons." But he said deployment of the new U.S. medium-range missiles in Europe would provoke Soviet "countermeasures to preserve the balance of forces on both European and global scale." Cease-Fire Concern On the Rise BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) -Lebanese army tanks blasted militia positions in southern Beirut today and six people died in heavy fighting in Tripoli as diplomats worried that increasing cease-fire violations could rekindle Lebanon's civil war. In Tripoli, 50 miles north of Beirut, police said six people were killed as pro- and anti-Syrian militias battled throughout the night with mortars, rockets and machine guns in the port city's seaside slums. In Beirut, residents said Lebanese troops fired a 30-minute barrage from tanks at sandbagged Shiite Moslem militia positions before dawn after nightlong sniping and rocket-propelled grenade attacks on nearby army positions. The violations of the 10-day-old cease-fire also were reported in army and police communiques, which provided no details.
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