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Harrisonburg Daily News Record (Newspaper) - April 17, 1974, Harrisonburg, Virginia Weather In Brief Variable Cloudiness Vol. 11] No. 166 AswclatMl Prni Features & Photofax Service Harrisonburg, Virginia, Wednesday, April 17, 1974 For Businessor yilO OTno News Dcparfment-Dial *�0O-//UZ Three Section^ 52 Pages Ten Cents Godwin Colls Holt To Odd-Even Plan Security Council Meets AP Wirephoto ne United Natloni Security Council 1b seen during tti meeting in New Yorl[ Tueaday. Soviet Ambaasador Jacob Malik launched a severe attack on the policy of disengagement diplomacy betaig waged hy U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissbiger when he downgraded "various Unds of partial agreements" as opposed to "a general settlement" In the Middle East. Democrat Wins In Michigan ' SAGINAW, Mich. (AP) - Riding a tide of urban votes, Democrat Bob Traxler captured Michigan's special congressional election Tuesday night, defeating a Republican for whom President Nixon campaigned. Ttaxler's victory, the fourth by a Democrat this year in five elections for previously Republican seats, ended a 42-year GOP hold on Michigan's 8th District and cost Republicans their second district in the state this year. A heavy majority for the 42-year-old Traxler in his Bay City home and a smaller margin in the city of Sa^aw enabled him to withstand a surge for Republican James Sparling Jr. in the Saginaw suburbs and the district's rural areas. "From all indications," Sparling told applauding supporters, "Mr. TVaxler has won." With 255 of the district's 296 precincts counted, Traxler had 50,895 votes and Sparling had 43,824. In earlier special elections this year, three of four traditionally Republican districts went Democratic. Surveys in those areas showed public opposition to Nixon's handling of the Watergate scandal and other problems contributing strongly to the GOP setbacks. The White House hoped a Republican triumph after Nixon's campaign trip here would demonstrate renewed presidential popularity and ease impeachment pressure in the House. A state representative who called the election a "referendum on Nixon's policies and moral leadership," Traxler scored heavily in his home Bay City, while Sparling led in normally Republican rural areas. But the 45-year-old Sparling's margin in the Tliumb, the region of small towns and farms where Nixon campaigned for him last Wednesday, ran behind that polled in 1972 by former GOP Rep. James Harvey, whose resignation forced the year's fifth special House election. In the earlier contests. Democrats won longtime GOP seats in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Michigan, the latter the Grand Rapids seat held for 25 years by Vice President Gerald R. Ford. "Die GOP victory was in California. The 8th Congressional District last elected a Democratic congressman in 1932. In Huron County, where the Nixon tour began at Bad Axe, Sparling was polling about 60 per cent of the vote. However, Harvey scored 73 per cent there in 1972 en route to winning the district with about 60 per cent. The contest was being watched closely for signs of any impact from Nixon's campaign trip. Before it, some Republicans had feared the President might hurt the GOP by stirring anti-Nixon votes, thou^ most said later they thought the trip had helped. Nixon had stayed out of four previous special congressional elections this year in which the Democrats captured three seats that long had been held by the Republicans. The White House hoped a l^arling victory would demonstrate popular siq)-port for the President and ease pressure for his impeachment. Both candidates voted early in the day. Sparling near his home just outside. Saginaw, Traxler in the Democratic stronghold of Bay Qty. Election officials reported a heavy vote in both Bay City and Saginaw, while in some of the rural areas visited by Nixon, earlier vote forecasts were increased on the basis of a large early turnout. RICHMOND (AP)-Virglnla'8 odd-even gasoline distribution plan, Imposed less than two months ago, was discontinued Tuesday by Gov. Mills Godwin. Referring to a "brighter outlook in news coming from Washington that more gasoline is available," he said the plan would be abandoned at midnight. This means that a Virginia motorist will be able to purchase gasoline Wednesday regardless of vi^ther the last digit in his license plate is an even or odd number and even if his car's gasoline gauge shows mmre than half full. Left in force by Godwin for both safety and fuel conservation reasons was the 55 m.p.h. speed limit. "I think we're going to be with the 55 m.p.h. limit for some time to come," the governor told a news conference. He emphasized that discontinuance of the odd-even distribution plan "does not mean I think there wUl be a normal amount of gasoline available. "As a matter of fact," he said, "our allocation for April will be about 12 per cent short of our normal needs for this month." But Godwin added his personal hope that "the conservation practices our people have developed in recent months combined withh the 55 m.p.h. speed limit may make it possible to meet our essential gasoline requirements, including nomud vacation travel." If this is not the case, the govemnor said, "I will not hesitate to reimpose the mandatory distributlcMi plan." The odd�ven plan, modeled after a plan initiated in Oregm, was Imposed Feb. 20 as a means not to ration gasoline but to assure a more equitable distribution of what was available. It came at a time yfhea serious shortages were developing in a number of the state's urban areas and motorists were having to endure long lines at service stations in order to purchase gasoline. A number of other states also adopted the plan and quite a few got the jump on Virginia in discontinuing it. Godwin emphasized over and again at the news conference that his action should not imply that unlimited supplies of gasoline are available. "By no means does it mean that everybody is going to get all the gas they need to travel all they want to," he said. Among the factors involved in his decision, the governor said, were the state's vital tourism business just now getting into its seasonal swing and the economy of the state overall. Since the odd-even plan was implemented, he added, Virginia's gasoline tax revenues have fallen off "sub-stantiaUy." As for retaining the 55 m.p.h. speed limit, Godwin said this has "proved to be a very good thing from the stanc^int of safety." He noted that vehicular accidents over- Mitchell Says He Ignored Vesco Attempt To Use Political 'Muscle' NEW YORK (AP) - Former Atty. Gen. John N. MitcheU testified Tuesday that he pigeonholed a memorandum by financier Robert L. Vesco which was intended for the White House. He called the memo "a crude attempt to use muscle." MitchdU's two days under cross-examination concluded his defense and his lawyer rested the case. Still to be completed is the defense of MitcheU's co-defendant, former Commerce Secretary Maurice Stans. "Diey are charged with conspiracy, obstruction of justice and perjury, "Did you consider this an effort to obstruct justice?" MitcheU was asked. "No, I did not," he repUed. "You had been the top law enforcement officer in the country?" "Yes," he agreed. "But you didn't think it was relevant to let Mr. Casey know what was going on here?" asked Asst. U.S. Atty. John Wing, referring to William Casey, the Securities and Exchange Conunisslon chairman at the time. The SEC was engaged then in a massive l^aud investigation of Vesco's corporate empire. The memo threatened to reveal a secret 1200,000 cash contribution to AT CHARLES MA THUS, INC. Dan Grube, expert representative for Hopkins Tailoring Company April 18 and \9 President Nixon's 1972 re-election campaign unless the SEC probe "is stopped promptly." Mitchell and Stans are accused of seeking to obstruct the SEC probe in return for the $200,000 donation, which was kept secret after it was received by Stans on AprU 10, 1972. It was revealed during the day that the defense had sought, unsuccessfully, to call Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass.; as a witness in Mitchell's behalf. Judge Lee Gagliardi ruled his testimony irrelevant without any public mention of his name. Court sources said that Kennedy was to have been asked about a telephone call he once made to Casey in connection with a pending SEC matter, in an attempt to show that the call Mitchell admittedly made to the SEC head was not unique. The memorandum is an integral part of the conspiracy indictment against MitcheU and Stans. Vesco wrote in the memo that the 1200,000 contribution "wUl become known unless the investigation by the SEC is stopped promptly." The indictment includes it among threatening communications that were described as part of the conspiracy. MitcheU's faUure to reveal its contents to the SEC was also cited in the indictment. CtOSED ALL DAY TODAY Due to deatt) in family. Veney's Mairstyling and Barber Stiop The memo was included in a package addressed to Donald Nixon, the President's younger brother. It was deUvered to MitcheU at the Essex House Hotel in New York Nov. 13, 1972. MitcheU tesUfied: "I came to the conclusion it was a very crude attempt by Mr. Vesco, if he was the author of it, a crude attempt to use muscle in this SEC matter "The contents of this memorandum made no impression on me except that I was Incensed that Vesco would try to use such crude pressure on this administration." MitcheU was asked whom he informed about the memo. "John Ehrlichman, in a telephone caU, sometime after I received it," MitcheU responded, mentioning the now-deposed chief presidential advisor on domestic affairs. He continued: "I told Mr. EhrUchman I had received the memorandum. I told him there had been an apparent attempt -it looked Uke Mr. Vesco or somebody on his staff-a crude attempt to use muscle in the SEC investigation. "Mr. EhrUchman told me of an attempt by Donald Nixon Jr. and somebody else in the Vesco organization to go to Key Bi�-cayne and talk to the people down at Key Biscayne about the SEC investigation. Mr. EhrUchman had seen them or Intercepted them and run them off." Donald Nixon Jr., the President's neiAiew, is an aide and traveUng companion of Vesco. "Was the President down at Key Biscayne at the time?" MitcheU was asked. "I don't know, Mr. Wing," he repUed. Asked if he told EhrUchman about the threat of exposure of the $200,000 contribution, MitcheU said: "No, we didn't get into the specifics of it." "Did you teU him you were mentioned in it?" "No, I'm sure I did not," MitcheU responded. "Did you teU him this memo said Mr. Stans had asked Vesco to give him the contribution in currency?" "No," MitcheU said. "You didn't want anybody to know these facts, did you, Mr. MitcheU?" Wing asked. POT PIE TODAY Ole Virginia Ham Cafe BEN FRANKLIN STORE Elkton, Va.. closed all day today, due to death In family. A defense ob: question ruled improper. lection was sustained, the aU were down 6.9 per cent whUe those involving fataUties were down more than 19 per cent. "This reason, if there were no others, would justify keeping the speed Umit on," Godwin said. WhUe most of the news conference dealt with the gasoUne situation, the governor had these observations to make on a variety of other topics: -Richard M. OUver, acting director of the Division of Corrections, continues to be under consideration for appointment as permanent director despite the vocal opposition of an out-of-state consultant to the State Crime Commission. -He would "hesitate to say" at this point whether he wUl play an active campaign role on behalf of aU or any of the RepubUcan candidates in this year's congressional elections. There are no plans on his part at present to set up a connmission to study aUeged abuses in the state's mental hospitals. He supports efforts to have the Lorton Reformatory in Northern Virginia put under the control of the federal Bureau of Prisons. Civil Servants' Speech Curtailed WASHINGTON (AP) - The federal government has a right to dismiss Civil Service employes whose pubUc conmients impair the efficiency of ttie agencies they work for, the Supreme Court held Tuesday. The 64 decision upheld the language of the Uoyd-LaFoUette Act which permits dismissal "for such cause as wUl promote the efficiency of the service." The court said its decision would not prevent speech that was constitutionaUy protected. Instead, Justice WUliam H. Rehnquist wrote, the act prohibits "only that pubUc speech which improperly damages and impairs the reputation and efficiency of the employing agency, and it thus imposes no greater control on the behavior of federal employes than are necessary for the protection of the government as an employer." The act's language was attacked by dissenting justices as overly broad, thus having a "chilUng effect" on the exercise of free speech. The majority "offers no guidance ... as to what conduct is or is not punishable. The court's answer is no answer at aU," said Justice Thurgood MarshaU, joined by Justices wmiam 0. Douglas and WUUam J. Brennan Jr. MarshaU predicted that uncertainty as to the scope of the law would indeed have a chUling effect. "For every employe who risks his job by testing the Umits of the statute, many more wiU choose the cautious path and not speak at all," he said. In another segment of the decision, the court held 5-4 that employes are not entitled to a trial-type hearing before db-missal. The present requirement for sudi a hearing after dismissal is sufficient, the court said. Qyde M. Webber, president of the American Federation of Government Employes, said the decision did not "serve the dictates of equity for federal workers." Webber said he had hoped that the court would demand a pre-diamissal hearing as estabUshed already under the poUdes of nine federal agencies. Various agencies had no comment on the declsfon. Some 90 per cent of federal employes are under QvU Service. Their numbers readi into poUcy^naking areas of government. Tuesday's deciidon was prompted by a suit laundied by Wayne Kennedy, who was fired from his Office of Economic Opportunity job in Chicago. Today's Index Calendar........................Page t CmdIcs..........................P�ge n Crossword.......................Page DearAbby.......................Page 4 Heloise..........................Page 5 Jeane Dixon.....................Page 8 Local News......................Page 15 Marketo.........................Page 7 Sports...........................Page Z2 TVUstings......................Page 7 Weather.........................Page 2 ^^^^ ' ^i^Wz^ ^^^^ I 4 V- c'^-. AT CHARLES MATHI AS, INC. Dan Grube, expert representative for Hopkins Tailoring Company AprlltSand 19 AP Wirepiioto MitcheU and Stans make a jolly pair on leaving courthouse.
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