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Harrisonburg Daily News Record Newspaper Archive: March 18, 1974 - Page 1

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   Harrisonburg Daily News Record (Newspaper) - March 18, 1974, Harrisonburg, Virginia                                Weather In Brief Mostly Sunny Vol. 77, No. 141 Two Sections 26 Pages Aswclaled Press F eatures & Photofax Service Harrisonburg, Virginia, Monday, March 18, 1974 For Business or News Department-Dial 433-2702 Ten Cents Arab Oil Ministers Split Over Embargo VIENNA, Austria (AP) - The oil ministers from nine Arab countries failed to agree Sunday on lifting the oil embargo against the United States and dedided to meet again on Monday. The Arab ministers met after they and four other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the world's largest oil producing nations, decided to extend their freeze on oil prices for three months. A Saudi Arabian official had said earlier Sunday that the freeze cleared the way for a lifting of the embargo, but after the Arab ministers met on their own it became apparent there still were disagreements on the embargo. Informed sources said some of the ministers, particulary the Syrians, wanted to confer with their governments before )roceeding further. The sources said eaders of the Arab countries are expected to be in contact with one another before the Monday session to settle some differences. The ministers, representing members of the Organization of Arab Oil Producing Countries (OAPEC), met for SMs hours at a Vienna hotel, most of the time without their aides present. Sources said Libya, a strong opponent of ending the boycott, displayed little opposition during the session, and at times was forced to defend itself against reports that Libyan oil has been reaching the United States through third nations. Egypt and Saudi Arabia, the leading Arab oil producer, were reported pushing for an end to the boycott that was imposed White House Trying To Help, Says Aide WASHINGTON (AP) - Presidential advisor Bryce Harlow says that by resisting efforts of the House Judiciary Committee to gain access to its files, the White House is trying to help the committee focus its impeachment inquiry. Until the committee decides what an impeachable offense is and draws up specific charges against President Nixon Wilson s Support Grows Stronger LONDON (AP) - A revolt in the opposition Conservative party seems liitely to insure Prime Minister Harold Wilson's survival in the first voting test of Britain's new Parliament, political sources said Sunday. The vote is due Monday night on a motion criticizing the Labor government's abandonment of statutory wage controls. If Wilson survives as forecast, the vote would prove an embarrassment and possible danger for Conservative leader Edward Heath. Wilson controls 299 votes in the House of Commons - 19 short of a majority. The Conservatives with 295 and Liberals with 14 can combine to outvote him. But political sources said at least six Conservatives will abstain and may be joined by others who believe their leader is wrong to risi< national elections when Wilson has had only two weelts in office. The vote comes at the end of a debate on the Wilson government's, program for Parliament. based on that definition, Harlow says, the investigation will wander aimlessly, creating the risk of a constitutional impasse. Harlow, one of Nixon's top aides, said in an interview that the White House is not being recalcitrant or trying to hide anything by refusing to open White House files to the committee or to respond to its request for tapes of 42 presidential conversations. "It is an attempt to help them, in a way, to decide specifically what they are trying to do," he said. "As it is now, they have no anchor to what they are trying to do." Harlow's stated views reflected a fundamental disagreement with the Judiciary Committee, which regards the drawing of any charges against Nixon as the final step of its inquiry and one that cannot be taken until it has examined all available evidence. The nature of the disagreement can be seen in the following exchange, which dealt with Harlow's repeated references to a need for the committee to be more specific in its requests for information. Q. What about the request for 42 tapes of presidential conversations? That is specific. It mentions dates, hours even, and people. A. Those are actual discussions, yes, but what are they relevant to? Q. The committee thinks they relate to the Watergate coverup. A. How? Q. They want to hear them to find out. A. I understand. Of course they do. Q. How can they determine relevancy? A. They have a staff of 101. They're busy, able people. I think they'd love to have those tapes to see if they might be relevant to something. against the United States and the Netherlands last October because of the two countries' policy toward Israel. Algeria has been reported in favor of lifting the embargo for two months pending the outcome of negotiations on a Middle East peace settlement. The United States is playing a key role on troop disengagement negotiations on the Israeli-Syrian front. Syria was believed one of the strongest opponents of lifting the embargo, seeking -When the Arabs' oU embargo began last October, the reaction wai generally that "they need m more ttun we need them." Wrong again. Story on page 5. to have a troop disengagement pact signed with Israel before ending the boycott. The decision by the 13-member OPEC to continue the freeze on petroleum prices was described by a spokesman as a good will gesture toward the leading oil consumers - Western Europe, Japan and the United States. But he warned that prices would again be raised if the industrial nations do not control inflation. The president of the two-day OPEC conference. Finance Minister Jamshid Amouzegar of Iran, complained that inflation in the industrialized countries was an average 12 per cent last year. "This would justify increasing the price of oil to the tune of at least 12 per cent to compensate for inflation," he told newspersons. "We have decided to show good will not to increase the price of oil for another three months provided the industrialized countries would contain their galloping inflation," he added. OPEC imposed a price freeze at a meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, in January. The freeze was due to end April 1. In the United States, gasoline prices are expected to remain roughly at what they are now. Under the regulations of the Federal Energy Office in Washington, oil companies adjust their wholesale gasoline prices once a month depending on the price of crude oil. Today's Index Calendar ........................Page 3 Comics..........................Page 17 Crossword.......................Page 6 DearAbby.......................Page 4 Heloise..........................Page S Jeane Dixon.....................Page 9 Lenten Guideposts...............Page 10 Local News......................Page 2 Sports...........................Page 13 TVUstlngs......................Page 12 Weather.........................Page 2 What's to Name..................Page 17 Country Dick Nixon AP Wiraphotff The Grand Die Opry, opening up its new headquarters Saturday night, also featured the debut of a hot n^w country performer - the pianoplayfaig President. President Nixon, to Nashville to help celebrate the new Opry and wife Pat's birthday, is seen here putttog the ftoishtog touches on Ms own rendition of "God Bless America." Judge Sirica Steps Down WASHINGTON (AP) - The polished brass plate on the door that reads "Office of the Chief Judge" comes down Tuesday and John J. Sirica once more will be just another of 15 district judges in the courthouse. The plate will be moved to the chambers of Judge George L. Hart Jr., and with it the trappings of chief judge: administrator, shepherd of grand juries, assigner of cases, including Watergate. For Sirica, who turns 70 Tuesday and therefore must relinquish the post, it means his first vacation in 18 months - very nearly the span of the Watergate case that lifted him from obscurity. "I've been pretty active, as you know, as chief judge," Sirica said in something of an understatement, even as he was writing one of his most important decisions. That decision, expected Monday, will be whether the House of Representatives gets access to the secret report that accompanied the Watergate grand jury's cover-up indictment. "All 1 can say it's a very important decision," Sirica said. "I'm not going to Iry and compare it with any other decision." But inevitably it will be compared with his historic ruling of last Aug. 29 that forced President Nixon to submit the White House Watergate tape recordings to Sirica for review - and eventually for the grand jury. Sirica long ago made it known he would remain as an active judge rather than " becoming a senior judge with fewer cases or retiring. In one of his last acts as chief judge, Sirica assigned himself the Watergate biggie: the trial of onetime administration officials H. R. Haldeman, John D. Ehrlich-man, John N. Mitchell and Charles W. Colson on cover-up charges. He's set trial for Sept. 9 in the cover-up case. Sirica was appointed to the bench by President Eisenhower in the late 1950s. His father, an immigrant from Italy at age 7, traveled from place to place in a string of losing businesses in Connecticut, Ohio, Florida, Louisiana, Virginia and finally Washington, on the eve of World War I when John Sirica was 14. John was graduated from George Washington University Law School here. Portuguese Coup Ends In Fizzle LISBON, Portugal (AP) - The government announced Sunday the arrest of up to 30 army officers after an abortive attempt by dissident soldiers to march on Lisbon and overthrow the government. Among them was Lieutenant Colonel Joao Almeida Bruno, a close friend of Cambodian Peace Hopes Reside Off Battlefield AP Wirephoto A Cambodian woman Is informed that she is now a widow. PHNOM PENH, Cambodia (AP) - The Cambodian war enters its fifth year Monday with the brightest hope for peace resting on diplomatic help from the world's powers or a battlefield stalemate that would force warring factions to the conference table, The North Vietnamese, Americans and others - with their own interests at stake - prop up and direct the fighting sides. The U.S. price tag of shaping the future of Cambodia now runs more than $1.6 million a day in military and economic aid. It is perhaps this aid which has allowed the I'hnom Penh government to survive and bring the war to a point where neither side is strong enough to win. And the war is costly: Nearly two million Cambodians uprooted, hundreds dying weekly; a society racked by insecurity, inflation and the inability to deal with its most basic problems. There are no firm casualty figures. Official sources in Phnom Penh count 40,000 to 50,000 government soldiers killed in four years. The other side roughly estimates 60,000 to 75,000 dead - including the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong as well as Cambodian rebels. It is difficult now to imagine the Cambodia of four years ago - a lazy tropical kingdom peopled by prosperous peasants, visited by thousands of tourists, and led by ii mercurial chubby prince whose subtle balancing acts kept his country from being sucked into the wars in Laos and Vietnam. That peace was shattered after Prince Norodom Sihanouk was ousted in a constitutional coup on March 18,1970, and the armies of Hanoi, Saigon and Washington marched and battled across the border from South Vietnam. Full-scale war erupted between the North Vietnamese and Phnom Penh's troops, escalated by a massive South VIetnamese-U.S. drive into Cambodia and large-scale U.S. bombing. Initial support for the war - fueled by traditional anti-Vletnaniese sentiments - ran high. But throughout 1970 the Cambodian army suffered many setbacks and lost several provinces. From the beginning, the United States stood firmly behind the government of President l^on Nol, and perhaps the most crucial lest for that administration came In 1973 with the end of the American fighting role in Indochina. That year began with a major rebel offensive which for the first time saw Khmers primarily fighting Khmers and the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong taking a largely advisory role. The Khmers are Cambodia's dominant ethnic group, dating from the sixth century. The forces loyal to Sihanouk after his overthrow became known as the Khmer ituuge rebels. One Western diplomat last year reflected that in 1972, "North Vietnam was running the war...But it rapidly becamu Khmerized. The whole program is similar to Vietnam, The Americans were running that war 10 years ago. Then came Viet-namization," The Phnom Penh government survived, but thousands of refugees swelled the capital's population to almost two million. Inflation spiraled living costs in the city to 10 times the 1970 level. U.S. aid increased nearly three times - to $230 million - from the average of the first three years of the war. Disenchantment with i,i)n Nol grew, and was dramatized by two unsuccessful assassination attempts, iiut the president's firm military backing helped keep his government in power. Hebels launched another offensive in January of this year. The improving Cambodian army repulsed three major thrusts at the capital, but the insurgents inflicted heavy civilian casualties by repeatedly .shelling and rocketing i'hnom Penli. Now most Western observers believe the insurgents cannot take Phnom Penh by force and that the final solution will have to come through negolialions. JUST ARRIVED Jacobsen /V\ower, lillers Grillilh SpeciaKies 510 Waterman Dr ousted generals Antonio de Spinola and Francisco Costa da Gomes, the former chief of staff. All three have received Portugal's highest military decorations, and were honored at the military academy in Lisbon only last week. Bruno served with Spinola when the controversial general commanded forces in Portuguese Guinea. Loyal troops kept an armed grip on Portugal Sunday. Soldiers were posted at military installations and communications centers, but the nation appeared calm. The uprising was crushed early Saturday without a shot when loyal army units stopped a motorized rebel column near Lisbon. The estimated 200 rebels remained under heavy guard at the 5th Infantry Regiment barracks 60 miles north of Lisbon. The newspaper 0 Seculo reported that llie dissident officers were threatened with "bombardment" when they held off surrendering for several hours after they returned to their barracks. Mortars were aimed but not fired at the rebels before they gave up, newsmen at the scene in the town of Caldas da Rainha said. Meanwhile, two persons were reported killed and 14 injured in an unexplained blast at the army ranger camp at Lamego. Tlie government said the incident had nothing to do with military unrest. The rebellious officers said they attempted the revolt in support of General Antonio de Spinola, the deputy chief of n)ilitary staff sacked by the government last week. Volley Deofhs Mrs. Edna Marshall Crawford, 89, of Woodstock. Ormand Thomas Crawford, 54, of Luray. Miss Mary Frances Dellinger, 71, of Rt. 3, I<:dinburg. William Wood Flippo, 64, of Harrisonburg. Cletus Glenn (Skcut) Knight, 76, of Rt. 1, Dayton. Details on page 18   

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