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Harrisonburg Daily News Record Newspaper Archive: February 4, 1974 - Page 1

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Publication: Harrisonburg Daily News Record

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   Harrisonburg Daily News Record (Newspaper) - February 4, 1974, Harrisonburg, Virginia                                Weather In Brief Mostly Cloudy One Section . 18 Pages Vol. 77, No. 105 AtMciatMl PrcM Features & Photofax Service Harrisonburg, Virginia, Monday, February 4, 1974 For Businessor A'iO oinn News Departmenf-Dlal   ^OO-Z/UZ Ten Cents Pennsylvania Governor Asks Moratorium On Truck Protest �y THE ASSOC lATBD PRCSS The Independent truckers' shutdown brought new reports of violence Sunday and warnings of possible food shortages by Monday. Governor Milton Shapp of Pennsylvania urged a 45-day moratoriuni on protests, to avert what he called "a national economic calamity." Ohio Governor John J. Gilligan called up about 900 National Guardsmen to patrol state roads and protect working truckers, and Governor James Exon of Nebraska said he had directed the state patrol to keep him fully informed of the status of the protest. "The actions of a few lawbreakers have created an atmosphere of fear among truckers who want to drive their rigs in Ohio," Gilligan said. Exon appealed to the independents to stay within the law. "I suggest that violence or threatened violence on our highways is an unacceptable course of action," he said. Pennsylvania Lieutenant Governor Ernest P. Kline activated 2,500 National Guardsmen and said that 1,400 guardsmen who had been on duty since Friday would be relieved. Kline also said the state was working on a contingency plan to move essential goods. "We hope to have a contingency plan on that by 8:00 a.m. Monday morning," Kline said. National Guard officers said that from 3 a.m. Wednesday - a day before the nationwide protest got under way - until 3 a.m. Sunday there were 14 shooting incidents in Pennsylvania. In addition, they said, there were 63 shutdown-connected incidents involving damage. Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter, the head of the Democrats' 1974 congressional effort, said he would not tolerate violence in the state, but he added that he sympathized with the truckers' complaints about fuel prices and freight rates. He blamed the Nixon administration for allowing diesel prices* to rise. Shapp's statement came at a Washington, D.C., meeting of federal and state officials and representatives of the owner-drivers. Leonard Fleet, an attorney for the Council of Independent Truckers, which represents about 20,000 drivers in the Midwest, said he did not think the independents would call off their protest. He said the driver-owners want assurances of reasonable prices for diesel fuel and permission to pass through to shipping companies, on a dollar-for-dollar basis, any fuel price increases. Federal energy chief William Simon and four Cabinet officials met Saturday night and appealed to the nation's governors to help restore peace to the nation's highways. At the same time, they said they Ford Approves Of Subpoenas WASHINGTON (AP) - Vice President Gerald R. Ford said Sunday the House Judiciary Committee should be granted the power to subpoena President Nixon in its impeachment probe but he isn't sure the authority is enough to bring the President before the committee. The vice president also suggested that if subpoenaed, the President might answer the committee's questions but not appear in person. And, Ford said, there is no legal support "for an unlimited fishing expedition in the office of the President." "I think you have to differentiate between the office of the President, where there is no legal precedent for a fishing expedition, and the rights of any individu^ among our 211 million people," he said. "It is the office of the presidency on the one hand that I think has to have some reasonable protection." Ford appeared on the CBS television and radio program "Face the Nation." "I think the power (to subpoena the President) should be granted," he said. "I would have some reservation about whether that power is sufficient to mandatorily bring the President to testify before that conunittee." The House is scheduled to consider on Wednesday granting the committee unlimited subpoena authority. Whether the President should appear, if called, "depends on the circumstances," Ford said. Nixon has indicated he will not obey a subpoena from a California court to appear as a witness in the trial of his former domestic advisor, John D. Ehrlichman, in connection with the burglary of the office of Daniel EUsberg's psychiatrist. "There are some rumors to the effect that he might answer interrogatories that might be put to him," Ford said of the California case. "This might be the format - I'm not saying it will - for any appearance before the House committee on the judiciary." Special Watergate Prosecutor Leon Jaworski said Sunday that if the material he has gathered in his Watergate investigation is subpoenaed by the House conunittee he would refuse to turn it over. "I have only one course I can follow: to hold the evidence secret," he said on the ABC program "Issues and Answers." He said he saw no way at this time to give the material to the committee and if subpoenaed, "I'd meet the gentlemen at the courthouse." Because the Watergate-related materials are being presented to a grand jury, "I have no right to release them," he said. Jaworski, involved in his own fight to get material from the White House, said he expected a decision Monday from the White House on his latest request for information. "I can go only so far as to say that they're documents and some are in the nature of tapes," he said. Asked if more subpoenas or court battles over access to White House evidence were likely, Jaworski said: "I cannot answer that today. I will know that tomorrow. I have been told that a decision is being made and that I will be advised of that decision tomorrow." He would not say to what the evidence related. Jaworski stuck to his earlier timetable, repeating that some indictments could be expected later this month, and took issue with a statement made by Ford on the CBS program that the prosecutor had been given more tapes than he requested from the White House. "1 have some requests outstanding for tapes," he said. "Any idea this material has been spoon-fed me is in error. I've had to go after it." were taking steps to ease the truckers' problems. U.S. Attorney General William B. Saxbe said Sunday that the governors should "use every resource at their command to see that we do not descend into anarchy ...This handful of truckers is not going to bring this country to its knees." Saxbe, who said he once drove a truck himself, made the comment during a visit to his hometown of Mechanicsburg, Ohio. Shapp, the chairman of the Mid-Atlantic Governors Conference, said: "A return to work now can prevent a national economic calamity..." Industries unable to get raw materials or ship finished products have curtailed production and further layoffs were announced Sunday. Shootings were reported late Saturday night or early Sunday morning in South Carolina, Tennessee, Mississippi, Oklahoma and Ohio. A rock-throwing incident was reported in Illinois and there were three arrests in Indiana. National Guardsmen patrolled highway overpasses in Pennsylvania, scene of earlier shootings and one death. George Rynn, president of the Ohio-based Council of Independent Truckers, said it was hard to estimate how many truckers were participating in the shutdown. "There are approximately 100,000 owner-operators," he said. "About 90 per cent of them are shut down. There's probably a good 30 per cent of the company drivers on sick call and there are 300,000 company drivers." In Minnesota Armour and Co. closed its large hog killing plant at Worthington because of the strike. ....... The Sterling Processing plant at Oakland, Md., which handles chickens, laid off 500 workers. Joe Mercurio, a salesman for a produce wholesaler in Chicago, said he had enough supplies to meet demand for a little while, but added that spot shortages could begin Monday. Wilson & Co., Inc., a meat and packing firm based in Oklahoma City, said more than 1,200 employes will be laid off because of the truckers' protest. By Sunday, the shutdown had spread to more than 20 states. Valley Deaths Robert Lee Tudor, 68, of Dayton. Mrs. Bettie Lou Griffith, 41, of Rt. 2, Mt. Solon. Simon Wilson Lowry, 79, of Rt. 2, Broadway. Details on page 17 Officials in most states said traffic was Ught. In some areas, including the Northeast, bad weather added to the protest to keep vehicles off the road. There was fresh concern over food supplies, many of which are delivered by truck. An official of the Producers Livestock Association in Columbus, Ohio, said livestock buying was down 50 to 60 per cent by the end of the week because of concern over shipment of the animals. The mayor of Jamestown, Tenn., which has no raih'oad service, said, "Without the trucks, we're in real trouble. I'd say by Tiiesday or Wednesday, if they don't start up here again, the shelves are going to be bare around here." He said people were buying "about twice their usual groceries" on Saturday in an effort to stock up. At least a dozen other meat packing plants and slaughterhouses have shut down or cut back operations. By Saturday, at least 6,000 workers in Ohio had been told not to report for work Monday and 1,000 persons in Philadelphia had lost their jobs because of curtailments due to the truckers' shutdown. Westinghouse Electric Co. said the 4,200 employes in the Columbus plant would work Monday, but added that there might be a shutdown later in the week because of a supply shortage. Cambodians Af Wirtpkat* Vice President Ford on CBS'"Face The Nation" Sunday. PHNOM PENH, Cambodia (AP) -Government soldiers backed by river gunboats tried to fight out of a rebel stronghold with grenade and rifle fire Sunday as helicopters strafed the insurgents in an unsuccessful attempt to blast a hole in the U-shaped trap. The 700 government troops, their backs to the Tonle Sap River, have been penned in for two days by rebel troops near Peam Muk Kampoul eight miles north of Phnom Penh. Field reports said that despite the air and river support, the goverment soldiers failed to break through rebel lines. They have a possible escape route, however, by retreating across the river into government-controlled territory on the west bank. Fighting was reported at close quarters. Along with the grenades, the government soldiers were reported throwing makeshift explosive charges made of tin cans filled with gasoline. The capital's southern and northwestern fronts were reported quiet, with government troops in some areas spending more time in pay lines than on the front. But field reports said two more battalions of insurgents moved into position along a line running north of Samrong, eight miles west of Phnom Penh. About .'{,000 insurgent troops are believed massing in the region. Only one government brigade - about 1,000 men - is facing the insurgents along that front. The lines are less than 100 yards apart at some points and field reports said government soldiers could hardly stand up without being shot at. In South Vietnam, the Saigon command reported that North and South Vietnamese troops clashed again in the hotly contested central highlands region near the Cambodian border. A communique said North Vietnamese shelled and attacked South Vietnamese rangers Saturday near the district town of Kien Due, which was overrun in December but later recaptured. The communique said 30 North Vietnamese troops were killed and the attack was driven back. Only three weapons were reported captured. Government losses were listed as 20 men wounded. Today's Index Calendar........................Page U Comics..........................Page 17 Crwaword.......................Page 6 DearAbby.......................Page 4 Helaise..........................Page 5 JeaoeDiion.....................Page 12 Local News......................Page t Spoils...........................Page 14 TV listings......................Page 12 Weather.........................Page t What's lo Name..................page 10 Soft Shell AP Wirephoto A sidewalk cobbler in Saigon takes a time out from the shoe repair business to touch up a giant tortoise which he will later offer for sale to tourists. The animals are caught along the coastal inlets and islands of Vietnam. Impeach Probe Taking Shape WASHINGTON (AP) - Hidden away in a string of offices in a converted hotel on the edge of Capitol Hill, the second presidential impeachment investigation in the nation's history is slowly taking shape. Despite the immense significance of the undertaking and its incalculable consequences, it is proceeding with all the drama and excitement of an inquiry into the price of tung nuts. In contrast to the headlines and hot television lights that have followed each step of other Watergate-related inquiries, obscurity attends the anonymous, sober-faced lawyers who are helping determine the fate of President Richard M. Nixon. Few people on Capitol Hill, including the congressmen who face the heavy responsibility of deciding the issue, are even aware of the task force assembled by the House Judiciary Committee to conduct the investigation. It numbers about 35 lawyers and a score of other personnel. 'I'hey occupy most of the second floor of a former hotel that was taken over by the House a few years ago. No outsiders can even see the staff or what it is doing. Anyone getting off the elevator on the second floor is confronted by a policeman and can penetrate no further. In response to repeated requests by newsmen, the Judiciary Committee recently hired an information officer for the investigation. He turned out to be the retired head of the U.S. Border Patrol, Donald Coppock, a friendly man with little information to dispense since he is denied access to the .secret briefings the staff gives to the committee. At this stage and for the next few weeks, the staff is devoting itself to the preparation of a legal brief that will attempt to define what an impeachable offense is. It is a question that has divided legal scholars for the nearly 200 years since the Constitution provided for impeachment. Special Counsel John M. Uoar has promised to have the brief ready by Feb. 20, and Committee Chairman I^eter W. Rodino, D-N.J., is considering having public hearings on it, as much to educate the public on the issue as anything else. The next deadline will be March 1, when Doar expects to produce a report that will tell the conunittee just what evidence has been found in the various areas of presidential conduct it has examined and what more, if any, might be available. It is the further nature of impeachment, however, that when the staff has finished its job it will still be up to each member of the Judiciary Committee to decide whether an impeachable offense has been committed. Andrew Johnson, the only president impeached by the House, was acquitted by the Senate in 1868. Syria Reports Artillery Battles By THE ASSOCIATED PR ESS Syria said Israeli artillery pounded Syrian military positions and five Arab villages Sunday at the end of a day-long .series of sharp clashes on the Golan Heights, "Our artillery reacted violently and inflicted heavy losses on the enemy sources of fire," said a communique issued in Damascus. The Syrian claim made no mention of casualties at the military posts or the civilian villages. But communiques said the 10 hours of intermittent fighting erupted at points along the entire front and wa.s the heaviest since the October war. Karlier tank and artillery duels wiped out an Israeli missile base, three tanks and six mortar batteries, the Syrians claimed, adding that Syrian gunners scoied "direct hits" on several Israeli positions and destroyed two halftracks with their occupants. Fighting has been reported for nine con.secutive days along the 40-mile Clolan cease-fire line, where Israeli forces halted their thrust into Syria at the end of October. The Israeli military command in Tel Aviv disputed the Syrian battle claims, .saying "a few shots have been fired" and denying that the Syrians destroyed Israeli tanks or halftracks. The Syrian president, Hafez Assad, was in Saudi Arabia for talks with King Faisal, reportedly trying to convince him to not lift an oil export embargo until Israeli-held lands were returned.   

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