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Charlottesville Union Christian Intelligencer: Friday, December 31, 1858 - Page 1

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   Charlottesville Union Christian Intelligencer (Newspaper) - December 31, 1858, Charlottesville, Virginia                                 /HI- Ijllíí,!.. 'j'lil' \\ llin.i:    AN'J") X(>"i’IIlN(i HUT 'I'HI-’ JSIHTjK.  VOLUME XVI —N. S. Nrt. ’fi,  CIIAlU.OTTlvSVIlJj:. VA., DHCliMÍÍEU 3i, IS5S.  82 IN ADTANGÉ.  TiiK IN I'ivl-l.HilvNt'KI;  ¡‘ii co.NiM r.y i  ■’CT^T'ja.X'tlafxXl,  ASTI» ■  X”^'« IFTji™ ♦d3<r>X  'i'*'» cnlj'-f' S X  tftlè. i'dïîiînî*. -Vrt " rr  ^ arre;ira;ft^ arc it;'- A>li‘~r 'fh'ti itrtfr, ihx-rt-' I at >‘^V /> •?• ,J  ■ t ’in-c hi.>rrih':i!f—'1 < I'-nf^ ioi' (  A liíüíX'í '.'i í'íHÍÍ ï>I*i-Í'  •fût i:¡ m ti i.H.'ii cil nr' u xiiii<;l fr  rr ( ! ;2 iiurf) T\i>'  tn‘n p!-r    ^ }J Uf-}  Í^TK^ÍPiCtLANCK.  I'roui iji<! I’liionu Afr»;ath ft l'Xovoiubur, the fulluwin«;’ Wiill writton nrticle «fii-kin^ly ‘ 'illn^rates two 'j^riiiiiinOnt leiilTsrc?'of liutiuiu •iiafijry—iihti ¡x.'.v jr. of nativo .s«lC love, ftiul thtì ,tjnuiuy iilri.^ait iitiaeL| vicious l.ubit. 'ibe dciiiiv''i>n the p»rl of thè son, to gratify .«<//■ nilcn^es nil the louil denianJs of filial alliit;. ition, thoui;li ulteretl in thö thuuder tunö.s of, our    Iminiuity, aud while t»i6  iUi)tlior, uiidor the wastint; inllnonoe of ev^T ìiicrOàKÌiif' despoiifloiiey, iy ovideijtly dying, jiicC(Mne;<l bePurc hirt eye:, nitii^ht cau brouk the spell that prouiptfi him t,o thiuk only of jcÿ", Bave lim «taruing yoico of Seiilh echoed back from thè gr«ve of tho woman, who re-cotfrtizeii that bou uh thu ifoconj edition im-pi'ove.d of hinseli.  As the vlüd falls on the cofTui, dowu-tr<jd-den imture, for a inouitnt;, siriiggiofi into ac-. tlon—a gurth of t!?nr8 tdls hor kcvy^u ino-nient moro, her eff-irt dies, nnd habit, ngaiu aïfsumiug tho riccptrej tyraul-lik* overa^ye« trpraUiing vtjas^n, husUcä ihti f-fultüring voice of naiiriv affccùoii, and bids retiring eoia-scievicy crouch in sileniuv hönoath the iron rule of hopeless de<p«riitioii :  ÄI any untold evilsuruthe perancc. Yciirlj*, thousands  result of intoiñ-f:VU hy itii 41-  niost ccástlcss powei-, and it i.s cortsiiuly one of the "réateiít evils tUat stalks through our Jjiippy land* ' WóioiUí influence contintid to those- tvho arc tho slavo;: ' tf. intoxicatiug drinks, thoh fhVi, riiiii, to .nuuikiiid would npt be $0 .sQviously jclf, bpt alas' the?>voe, and .uy^rjvtliu.t-,«}na4i|iUes iVofu druukenacKs is notio be estitnat«d by hun'un ealcTílHtiotis. 'Ptir' litìttrt sickeUii:* at the thon-ht of beholding thè sin and doj^radation tauscd il. ÁVo ào not,sp«iid niucli tiiou^ht on the sub-jtitst, uwhws it ia pursrayed before our eyes in ■ all it<<- liiihìi'usne-ìw and dcíftirnñty—untili ìve ëôe the deytri.iyiÎ!^ angid eîntting down, .‘■ouïe 0Í Qur fncnd.-ì, or destroyiiig tho bright*promises uf hope tiitd happiiK.vi of ’ those that vrould-otherwise lead a life tif vi^^cf^ulue.'S When ï ‘ rl'üect r.puii the S‘.d effeetii prodneed • 'ibcreV’V, ;f iini it};luiii:;liod ihat tlu-re arc nut ! iuorc uniunl nioasi'tres to prevent it. It w.as ;,uiy,6ad iiit^K)rlun<; recently to witncssi a stri-kinjr ihstatioo uf ruin nnd misery, the eíTects t)f i’ntunipbranec. It is uneaiUijn^ tlie vnany cases thitt criuld be fourni, if we w’uuld take the truubie to .'Wireh them out, but we dis-  - iikc to contfuiplate aiiythinii tlmt has a teJ)-dcnc}" ta sadden u^-;wo wt/uid rather draw • the curtaiiv, aiid >hiit out seein g calculated to ' thro.wi UfshitAu yi    ypiiirs.  N<>t^far froih the baiikr of the hriirht Ten-■Tïcsscüu’tv'ér, as it riiUrt jh beauty and in!!je>ily th.ninj^h the ^reen bills and valcs nf Alabama, lives a piinis and huiH.ble mini-ler of God! lle hlid 'Spenthis life iu .]>eaceand pleiitj’, with " wealth & li'iends arotind him, & that heart 'icopld desii'e iu this world, with a lovely’ f«un-ily to bles« iiùd s«hiu‘c in his hapjijness. Thus he jrUdtd down tW’sirtmni of life; for ninnt vcars, and luipo held out her bri¡rbtl>«t ligb.t ïor tlie fuíüre. Bût who cfln t^ll what fate , awuiU tiicm? ! ' :  nIs eldest ch ild Tfas an only son, tlu' pride ' and stay of hîs deelinihg yeíiVs, and the idi.l of his, foivd nySffier's heart. Na> wonder ^lieir ' hearts were liited up.iii pniise and th.-inkfnl-iicss, foï iu youth htì bid fair to be a useful î-nuünber of weiety,'a blessing to Ivis family, atf hóndr to his country; gifted and talentevl ■-«rá superbir decree, he was one of iiatuie's noblest works. His free, ©pen counieuaneo was a «rood index to the pure, iunocent heart, that beat to the inipliiscs of noble ihou-hts. and hl,“b resulves. Mis sup<'rior jud-riiient uinl undcr-itanding thurmed,and interested every aequaiutanee,j and all acknctvkdpHl his Worth and .-inliable (¡uaìities. .M^uiy W<’111 the [iredietiuiis il.ai lie would lead a brilliant career, lie was distinguished at ” colle<^e by his superior talenti avnl industry, and was ever the first to suioiouut the greatest diffieuUies in^the seieiecí. But wiib ail tUt^-'X- he was sadly dtTicierit in one tbin^ that was of v;ist i.uporianee ; be had Uut the will, the resouUion to resi.-;t the iacinating charms of the wine euji ; he'loo willingly le«t a listeoina^ ear to it» tlalterings, and timidly aud. with bcatiug h<uirt, he t<>oL thu lirat t-tep  frv-lii ll.i- J l.ilt.t, I j ilM' ui !i    tii !l!li ^  in    ai<vi \ue. lit: lliwU:;iit il Wi.'itKi  H’'l ftc niuc;j i:;a i!i t«> l-.kc ;i o !.il ”1 ‘.:-S iiie.i-!    witU iil- frii-ii !.s-~!!<; W-.i.ild liicre.y  : t-i.-itf I-'.-1x1 u'ivi; iiiin a liti'o euisra^e .1-j r:.: .0 r hi:«: ?^|:!ri!s. lU ile;;:’ie.s, he ae<iu.ri:d a t.i^MC t'nr it ■    taste grew a slrvog ami le-  ; si-tie,--'. jfai-Mtjii. A .iiiviK-hie.'^ thirst ^].■ru^^■ U[i ill him that the ]mre w.iier would not wa-; ti.-i'y. AIJ the evii tiiat had shipt in his b',i-eon: v.'iis no\v aruuPeii, and a .sirong desire lo ri.\t! in wi<kidi,e>s iUrd dihsipatiou ioiui ^eí used tii.J>e hifc w^sh. 'i he iiuhlc; au-puii’C.' oi lute -gi'!!»    nature >v< re u;: lu U  il'tiiu thiir upuii;<i tcndeiiey (o,-w'n into! the h)We^t d( pt¡IS oi'sin and idegradauon.  ^Vha^ a ehange frmi the j uie ¡Mid iioliJe biy of ibniier days'.' <'!iang<d, r.s it Avere. IVom all angi-1 to a deuinn.' W ho eould have believed it? What a euV-se he had beeome to his iasirily, and «'ho e:uj jiieturo tliut mi.th-et’s feelings when she wuf; made eoi-.teion.-v of her darling isun's-failen state? JJc; was no Idiiirer the same, but a cuutinH>'<ltlrHnh<n d.  Instead of pouring,over his boitk.'j jis heretofore for useful knowledge and understand, ing, he ■was a midnight reveler. Tho stiil watelies of the tiight were broken by his voieo in blasphemous curocs to tho tJod that he bad been-taught to praise in his infancy  Thonj^i he Ttas swiJ'Uy,gliding down the broad road to ruiu^ Ktiii.his i'ricnd.s did; not do-pair Tiicy did all iit huiwati power to re-clainr him. lie Trns the snbjeet of many prayers, and thomost earnest of all were tboso that fell iVoufc the liptj of his heart b roken mother.  Yet, the united efforts of parentsand friends failed to ha,vc any influence on his eonscie;nee. The ¡inother, with heart-wringing anguish, beheld the-lost aud ruined state of her w.ay-war(^ son, and the 'cojn ietiyn was too. much for her sensitive nature—the »fHiclion was toi) groajt for. eupportl Herbopcs and ,fond an-tici}:iiutioil were cruelly blighted; the love of life ¿rew dim, and she lio longer wished to rerniin: where every: pleasure had turned to flaift, the most eierucialing. Daily her  [ Cü.it lie nì^;il^ If re'nevrd ol' th.- paiii t'::it so c.lilt 11:i;):i!1 v :iiinoV''d hini; 'i li<‘ ln'v\ ;Mi‘i .'lii' ' riîig .xci riesof iht> fw West ('.uU'ii t.> tcive the bi'iiii ci| ci’iiifi'it. ,A.' lime lolled i ii iu her (îeaselesS e-iursc. li»* retxniied to his nnLuppy l;ilher nnd ^i'-ters, in tiie sanie wayw.ird eo'irse nf ionn'T dav.s, and with less hopo tiuiii !>( furo of Leiii'jr ree!:iime(]. Parkest and mom atrocii UH crimes were imputed to"liini — the <'ur.-c of morder r.ing iii his ears wherever he ^ent, and l.ie fled from the ju.stiee and pemdty that hi^ie iiidur.t lueritrd. An outcast ÍIOU1 soeifty, a iniser:»b'io T\atiderer iii a - strange land, and wiien s:< krie.ss ato! new .»'or-;, row gathered over him, there'w*as no motlrcr j or sister’s- har.d to admitiister to hia wants.  ■ hen h(> compared hi« lonely eonèiti'ii witii I the hap])y state from which lie had fallen, lie would weep bit.tor tears of seif-accusution and remorse.  'fi;He darL'Si'tl licavily with tiiose at home, and their eyis pri;W’ dim with watehinix for his condiig. 'i'hey longed to b<,-hold him once nmii«?, though they knew he was not what ite (^nee was. lie came at last, but how .'■jidly.(7/(/^,y/i/¡! Who ctnild know and realize it wiihout weeping teürs .d pity ¡uul regret. lîèa.son no lon^'et hw.nyed her .scr]jtrc. U (’iH- had Jon f its tciir/,-. A n object of pity, he lUnst wander on in darkness and idioey. The one. he most wished for wa.s gone ; he no longer took aft#interest in things that tran.s-pircdaroun 1 him, and no effort of hisliiends eould eiiU his reiison to its throne. The light of his life had gone out, and he would Hit for hours abstractedly on ihr rjravc. and mtHirn for her he had lost, and this the only thing he seemed ti; haye consciousness Cif. I'hus lie spent the remnant of his days. Ilis pityi.-’g stjgcl weeps over hi.* fallen state, so changed from the tnorniwg of biS life.  jMaiuon. .  from the North British llcview.  . BXIÎL10AL lX:i ElirilETATION.  ih-  •'van' apjili.'d to int.-rpn-l the'Hiide, leii ’■t>->-ar_v Iu he an.Msided t.i in' the ea.-,e <.f HiliiT h'l ik«. 'foihesj liiiii.'atiotii we rn.'iy h;ive occasion aftei w.irds. to advert Bnt ’there is mithiug in tlesv t-> interfere with the great- priiieiple. tlii,t the saih^^^\\>of interpret;.tii.n that iix with e;ertaiiî^ynd de- ' fine with cleî^iess the scti.'^e of otl’ier books are avail dde'T.ir tlie Bible also, and able U, rcgiihite with no le.^s,précision and effect the injiuiry as to ihe meanid^ o. its te.xt. W.irds have the sam<> sen.-e inseriplureas in ;uiy uiiinitpircd hook ; there is no greater latitude in the ns<i of terms in the one ease thun in the other; .singly and in eombinatioii, they are snhjei-t to the sauie luws of interpretu-l¡'t-i/n l i>Ui i,ns(,aiiee.s ; htii'.'na>.‘:e has no exemption frnin the ordinary rules ofcotlsfrne-tion when fuind in the Bible, anymore than' when found in/Ihiman conipositions ; and there is no uncertainty vf meaning or irregularity id' n.*e, as respects its application, wliieh is nut also exprrienced in written or oral eoni iinnieations between man and man. li is not, then, it: the want of sound and (•'■I'iain prineiphis of intorpret»ition, iior yet in any inabili^ ^•hiei| the-e principles, in ihi'i. app!;catiun to iScriptnre, underlie, of bringiiig onf a deiinite and suro re.'iult, that we must, look for the sonrce-of the rtiflcifold niisintorpretaiions u uder which it,has suö'er-ed.  '|U.ike, old house  the whole norihurn wall is torn away froui its fastoniug, and 'f.'s dressiug-room ban _ii huge rent, fouynehes wide; in the corner of my ronui, also, the wall is cracked f^rom t^p to bottum. In the kitchen the walls tire badly broken, and a great mas.^ of briek àtidìuòr'-' tar fell from the top of the chi^niiéy.crùshihg in the range; had thè cook bee« tfcere Ìlè~ would have been killed on ihti spòt?.''‘A8 foÌ' breakaive uf crockery’, and the tuinbling of'-things from the etiigeres, thatis nqt to, be cod'-*' sidcn*d. T. jSaya, the ‘housu severcdy thrit be eotisiUers the ndrtlicrn 'side’“  not only unsafe, butdajigerou.s, in caii'e bf 'ati-’ other siioek. May God avert it.. ' !  The night, before, being hleej.lesa, I beard' tho senliiiers “alerta 1”'and the difrtaiit ati-swer—’‘alorfa c!” and flit: text came into ihy mind; “exef‘pt tho Lord keep tho city*, the ' watchm.in looketh in vain.". How a few hour.ii bronghi it home. The diiy provioU» i/r. " Pcztido, eliicf of the (d»servat<tiy of the polytechnic school, had iuindunced thi»t"^it'wdf kl-' most certain ; thtit an carthqtiakò would take’ .phicti within twcnfyVfom^ hours; he ‘jiitlg#^^ from the variation« of ¿hrt magnetic /rièedle;’ 11c timed it, and found its durtittoh òhe iiirci*  , , , . ,1 . . .    „    utfe and four eeconds. If this sceiii ' àhdft,'•  '•“••»''^•"■1%»“/-' t,U^.y„ur»««!,.».„! I,-, .„,t1,ÌDt-lhè  ,,    just leceived dn^ew falling for thatfepaee of tiiUe. l ean  no idett of: tho fsbuijd, besides tlvé cf^aVing arid'gi'oaningof all the tiuiiiorfl, thèfe Viis raitliiig beydndi the noise of anyinaclihiefy I  'J’tic datuage done to thi.s ratuldiug | havé ceased thciS' Jrarbliifg/’t^w^l'oTee of Ìlio*' ■ r.Mte, than we knewut first ; lalmrtT is iioIUmge^^^^  ovw. the «tieub-^twilight stoi  1.-:  JOAUTliQl AKK IN I’OJITUGAL.  of hi?r ej'.eâhtcro tlying but ; the pmilos Caimc lessjand lèsK frequent, and they.wore fo isad,  toJd-400 pJrtinly or ttitt fas-ogcs thut  sorrow wa.s making indvcr wouiided heart. Oh I it is a fearful task, the dethroning of an idol fr'.'m the altar, wlien we have enshriiuid ■it..  Hitherto fricnd.s hialhuped fur :blm, b.u-t jKiw their hi'p',!.s had iied, with ail tho bright anticiiiaiiuiis for^the future. The nioihcr “passed awaj” wiiheiù^ u murmur or com-pliiint, ■■•he mceklr bowed to ihc w ill of God, and glided into the‘S-pirit bnd,” we Uust. to have her heart made whole by balm tlia't could m,l be found on e.irth. She died with a hope that Cruel fates could .never bhakt'-— the (, hri.stiaii’s hope, the ;grcatest tro."usure that God can give to mortals. - With the as-suranct? that she was being borne to- where all'Was peace and happiness, fcho passed from earth nod its tria's. Too late was the son a-■ w.ikencd to a sciiio.oL the lo.'is be wa.^ aboiit -to sustain—-.toq.iste he \^ild'3’ bent o.ver his -dying mother, and in ngimiüin'g tones implored her to forgive and hies.« him once tuore. The psit rushed on his uteuji'ry, with all the di.'igraCfi and Uiisory he had brought upon  ICpti^th'i !b tiic. ' Corinth úm».  It i.s a rem'ji:k‘.ible fact, that the oldc.st book iu the World is the very book in regard to tho niouning of who.se c<mtents the w<irld has not yot had time, . to make vtp its mind, or to come to.any com iion or even tolernbly hu!monii.iu.s understanding., The Bibje, be-y<in,i    há.s  fiiòro niì\rc:i'ì    compo -  siti on. The reproaah, hot 'of Prolestanii.sm, but of our ovunmou proícssiug Christianity, is the grout diversity of .“Ci'fs aiid iiUerpreta-tioPs vrhieii seek siicitci-under the one language ot‘ Scripturcs, aud'pervert every page, if not every sentence of it, to, diiferent and op]''osite nu'uniiig»^.  Vork ironj I’ortugal contains the following gruphie.de-scrijition of:ui earthquakes ; !  Lisbo.n, Thursday, I&iv. ,11, 1858.  Dear———.■It is of (hNTk great rnercy ^ thet this steamer docs not c.arrVyou the new'S of the stnlden dcstruotioir of Jail you hold,-dear on ihi« Side bf tho : AUpij'tic. At ten- i niin«tea p».st .sevenfthis'^moriiinir'« fearful-: cartbquako shoolj Lisbon to' its centt«. Itl lasted a minute and sotuo scconds and was-; vertical; and I were a.ileep;we awoke of * course, and sat quite motionless, holding eich’ othe# by the hand, feeling tfie house shake ; violently, and expecting instant death by the  have ever hieard, and through thè' aiir the voice of ^ mighty rushitig witid, though udt a brcath’stirred In thé diffei-cUt tdivilS heir" l ii.shiotj it baa bbeii Very bad. At Villa Prah'-’*  . ca many houses fell/and "8t3me pèrsous 'WM^^ " 'killed.'- '■    ^  Nor; lîî--^The hë\raHô':d!ÏTÏrom Oj^bVto'îs"^ very sad. Thé sh'o'cic #iiV fèit thëî'é tnost se-^ ' ' verely; sèvcral^public buildings “weré destroy-* ed ami’ .sixty; persorisikilledi . At' .Trtifaina a ’> new 'dhnrch,'lbll. TMie barracks at sVitl'de Per-• giving away of everything. 'Bhd sound that ■ j reira are greatly dumagc.dand Atiilhiiive to be  Nor i.4 this due to the remark Mjle, singul.ivity which distinguishes  lie '‘.’.¡'lie tioiii every Other book—tho sin- .    , ■. • p i    i i-  rii V, ti.iit it is the onlv,hook in the world '    prc.ence of destruction, and Ins  acwimpanied it was very awful, awe predouii-nated in our.minds.' T. tell» lud thiit I said • softly, ‘‘God have inercy upon u-s,” bur:I was; not con.Mcioua of speaking, ¡ He says-that ther  oreising violence of bound aud mdtiou—the rapid crcsceiido, Ench^instaut wo expected the roof and wall to fall in upon u.s; then the sound diminished .«en.'»iJjlyv and again iiicrcii-sed in violence A minute seems a short time, but it vras a lifetime then.;’  T. sitys he nev'cr before folt hiiuself in the  Iter, iheii with the I  iuilt aud reiuiH'se picrced his soul iiost excruciatii'.g pains. Who can  describe liis feelings when the heavy earth wts faliiii' lifd  on all that seemed dear to him in The uwlul reality of the irreparable wrong he had, do.ne to those endeared to him by most siicred ties, ro.sc bitterly to his mind. Oh '. how willingly would he havoe recalled the past, had it. been in hi,s power, and re- \ paired the wrong. But, ahis 1 it was too I late. She has g'JBC forever.    1  When the'full moon threw. her: |iiryi|ig | rays,over thc-newl^’ made gray.e. he plight j have been sueti still gazing at the saered  niound .whf i’c rested hi.n sainted mother, Call-ing piteously on her to • forgive her mi.sera' ble, erriii" .'on. ’fears and petitions were, of fi(,) avail No .suuiid could reach tli.'it cold and lifeless elay^ no response met bis ear but the eehti'-s vibraHiig throiiirh the tombs and willows ar.miid him,and the wind ni Kiiied.auiong their branehe.s, .siirhirtg a low dirge—a farewell to alibis hopcii and prospe'ts i of hi.<( VO itli. He laid hi:J aching brow upon the cold earth, and that gluomy night be was made to feel all the rgony, the terrors that can fill the mied of ruined conseicnce-striek-Cn man. His eup was i’ull and he drank to the rlre/.s of .sorrow, and from th.it time a llstTesA apatby toc.k pos?es<-;ot) of bis ■ niiod, and he wandered about alike indiffer'Mit lo ail around hiin. I'or a fow we-k- he liogrr-ed atbonie, atid often at eveniiitr-he vi.^iied the silent .'pot w here his mother lay. aud poured out his sorrow that he could no longer  the aitilo.r ofwliieh is God. Wo might, not jierhiips Vii;    (,(. priori to anticip.tte in  what w.;v, or to what e,itent, the circumstance tluit the Bible eontainK the eternal th'>d"hfs of d eh(*vah-cmbudied in htinian speecii might affect the o.i«e or the dilliealfy of interpreting it. Bià the fact has shown ¡that the mind of (iod can be;uttered iu human huiguiigc without altering or affecting its tneaning or its laws as found upon our lips ; and that thè words Avhich contain in them the'bntden of uncreated wisdom, arjd the revelation of Divine truth, are words which men tiiny.both speak nnd understand notle-ss casiiy than if they had been their own. The highest and strictest views of ‘inspiration are consistent with the do|¿,rine, that the inspired volume is toibe understood, in the .same way, aird to bo intcrpieted by means of tha sam? methods, as any human composition mipht be understood. 'Ihe very fact that Infinite Wisdom and Inthiite Power have devi.sed and provided the means whereby the thoughts of God iu heaven may be ecinveyed |.> the mind of man on earth, is itsi'lf tiie best of all guarantees fbr the at- ^ tainmentof the object contemplat^ed by the revelation—namely, (hat,-it come to us in a ifhape to lie undcr.siood. If it be a c mimu-nication frinu.Goil, it must be '»tel'.igible to man ; and there can be no Buffieient eau-ic in the written Bible itself for the diversities of meaning that havcTjeen attributed to it, for the npposito interpretations thst have i been impo-se 1 _upun its text, and Ibr the me-hkncholv, yet toj patent fact, that, there is no truth in .‘-iCriptu.'-e so clear that it has n >t been disputed, and no sentence bo plain that it has not been variously rendeted atid n»i-defstooil. If there were needed a iiionumeiit and evMiMo-e.il' the fatal K mleüC} of the human und.'T'tariding ti) >l.irkiiiiss and error, ihoy wo.ild be found iii the treatmettt which men h:i\ c L:i^ eii everywhere, and at all times, to the revelr.tion of God onibodied iU liuman soeocli ; and iu tho.se unnumbered misinter-j prêtalioivs uf its la.-.gUage ami perversione uf I it» m.-aiiirig by wiiieh they iiave so ofieii sueeeeded in psistiug the omnipotence of,-Seriptore tnrt^i, and iii luminar to foolishness that I'ivine W'urd, the entrance of which givelh light, and inaketh wi«ie the siui jile.  There ar- certain familiar and fixe-l pnn-eipl.’S o! iotcirprel itioii a]>p!ioabh' t'l all hu-niiin I'i’i.:II    wl^ethf-r nr:d or written,  \v'!:i'.'';i 11. i’;i-it.H sí!(;:iHÍr:Lí to he dfünit.'-’y ;ind ;ic-nratcH uiìih'!stofid in tiie cotnuiiiriieaii. i s of men >'i!h eat.'ii I'ther, and whieo are eij 1,^ .i¡) ti,,! revclatmn uride. bv :il ires. Nil diMibi tloM'e tre.  l,.ss  G"1 to !lis  iiaoort-ii.t l.mitaliouh oi' these principies, ; --7-----; 1........ ...w .......  which must be takeu iuto accouut, when j still taik ot nothing but the fcuriul eûrtb.  tbouihl was “Death'is immcidiate aiid inev-  '    ' ' '    I    ■  itable; how I'khiill learii the jiroat my.'^tery.” When it was over, he said, “K., that’Was very awfiil.’' i jumptld up and rati to M——;  T. followed; wo ‘ found her i;alm, but filled with a solcuiu awo-^,onc fitted so directly from the hand of God tb.it tears rind lumcnta-tion.s could find iio phtcc. Wc knew that we' were on the brink of'the grave—a fow se-' coud.s only between its and ài suddcu death. The. pàrtitiim Walls of M.’s dre'sstng-rooms, bcd-rooin, her miiid’s chamber, the two Bpare looms and the dhiing-room—in fact, all that support the wall;? of- that side of the house, are cracked from top to bottom with rents in wbich you may lay your hand, A fow se-e®nds more and the whole would have coinè dowti witbu mighty crash ! [N. B.—To understand the mightiness of the shock one must remember that the walls of the Lisbòn houses are not like thii.se of Fifth avctnte card paper palaces, but solid mas.scs of m:t-.'¡onary. some three and lour feet thick! J After brenkfast I went to the ^'^iseountess A.’s to see how she had farer], and if atiy accidents had happened in lier house. Part of .Mile do S.’s room ìiad falleii in, atid is h(;w (]uitc uoinhnhifalde, butiiob.if'y '.v,-i.s ioji:r'.ed f’eo-)de were flying to and fro, thinking find talking of nothing else. ^-lany persons wen> id'l-ed by the fallniL' of walls; many Ironses have been shaken down entirely. One of the ei.I umns of the beautiful iV'^trilia Clinreh lias-fallen a.^ Well as sevir.il of the H.Tints from tlifir iiiehes within. 'I’wo enlumns of the ! Theatre l>ona Maria S-eguiida have also top'.  ; ]d(‘d dowii„aiid it is said that the whole luiil-ding i.s so injured that it mu.st he rebuilt.  1 It is believed that if the cnt'thquako had lasted a few see-iiids longer it would h'-ve been as fat.%1 as that of Nov. 1, 1755. At 8i there was another .shock, uiuch sli-^liter, nnd yet far beyond anything you have ever : expciienco in Portugal. When one met I friends to-day it was with much emotion, a grasp (,f iliL- hand ajid "thankod God, we are still alive.’’ The shock was folt rcrv di»:-tinetly in the fleet. On tho {.'.<di,]nij the commander ru.slied on decii, i'eiieving that another vessel Inni diished into hitn and carried, away part of the shiji. Nov. 12~^'V\'e  rebuilt, A Oûriouÿ thing topk-placé on a Bra-. zillian steâtiïet:.: iSutliog flomiSi>Ut,hai^ptou,ÇD the 9th, »be was Sn i.the bay of Jîiso4?touJ:th,e,;,  manner roost inexplicable iud;alaru|ing:,.Th^,; captain «oaroely knew iwhere,- he^wài,4iu,d-.de-,j dared Uo the paasengojru th^t spmcthing; very « remarkable was tukiilgi.plap:^-on la» not yet say .//‘rra firniu, my .con&deuc.e .in .its > stability Im been abakenpT. and,l aTe;jdisT,, cussing vory serioU.sly whether ,we «Ita^) re-move to anclther hoase. It ia .one thii^ to be over-tibiid, and unpt^ur, ,npti to hci fpolli-y hardy.' Thei-e i.s no re»l p«ur»go,jn,,b.r,avnii' an earthquake; Mÿ, nerves are .cousid.crabljj* shaken, eyi^n dcmnruli'Se/I, as thi! -Ir'rQnch.^ would .say, aiid the nutlpofadopr. or ; windo^/ so'lndi^ to. my :ear like tho;precursor of auoth-crfearfui visitorj and : makes; niy heart {beat with a quicker pulse. A^d 80; Iîw|11; foUpW; = the Vi.soountc3s' example, and resolve -“npt , to talkiiny uibce about; it.’’.    ^ i '  ---“V—  . FOR TllE COaOxi wrïUtii. ,  BE^ÜTÎES OF N ATUEE.‘ ; I ,  over U« ere-.-we are aware that our beautl^I bud hiia 'lk- s ken his aecusfrfUied departure. There Is something in tlii.*» hour so tèi jiler, Bo;;bó)y,i': so fta»«ht with kublime^ as»ociation>»-th»tJjt«. sci-ni!« to belong to hcav^‘n,ratlier tb«H earth. The little sfar« that glitter iu'tbe'firmnmeiit, tfiat<iigh Ily coiuo out to light ^ up .t| brow of night, who Or VbaVárjB.tbeyy^ they Bhiniug' Avorlds, and have lÉÎicT brlK^i ' eyand broken liearlM, bucÍi as shinie and/-^ bre«k here'r 1 i i.< iidt for us to how beiiutifiil thej'ai’ei'' Let ua^turtr in" ,^*ijodiÌBr  tonruling Cataract, wfiose mSgftty flood of waters, potir With un'crasiijg roar, ca Icula- ^ ted to iii»pire>iiblih»b .    ,eiiJO- "  . tioil»./    , ^    ■  Where can words be found tò eipfcs« thè feeling, strong suid <r,'erp<rwering. that ni« Htrugglings -witliinrtlje b?<tni!t 1»heu gtsirg 1,1«; . that great ma*ter-piepe of tlie gr*at Creator'» . workmanship?    ■ ' j  Tlieae but s'foir tìf 'Natifre'ii sderieg,' ‘ but «riougb i hfe.s .béén aaià%t» «how' ?tlie .‘«btmi>  ’’ ¡WVWfi» ' «nd; .ide}iwty,j!witbì which th^, ^orid is .tegniing, ./Xbtinjpt US;. cijltiva'te tin acquaintance with tÌiésé^eau- ’ t!e£,; ifiree to ’aHVund'y mibdi dWnk'/fu ' deligbia fi|otD|lividg"NMui‘e’s’WOQtler*. - • -  ‘  ouceal.  He must give  veiit to it iu teans  Tlie works of ma.n áre beautiful; /the'lofty tower, thé iipléUdid building, and the líáag- ' nifibcht ship, its phe dashes aside tbn Sport-' ing waves, ’or braT"tis the terrible Storiu; Btitv what ara these when compared to Natiire’^i scenes ? Art, when loveliest, caironly imi-* tato Nattire, far it is but the work of moi taiman, under the guid.'ince and inspiration of ■ Nature's Creator. The lofty tower compared' to the scenery around in but luiught—the sky above, the ftarth beneath .,r feet, tfi« animals that gambol ip the opeu spaces, tho birds that twitter on the wing, sing in the grove-side, upon the wave, or float along tho sky, jircsent to us a .speetaeUi far more beautiful than any man cau invent.  To a luver of Nisture, every season of its eharms. The Summer, ia bi^h noon of the ar. Autumn its sober decline, Winter its ht of gloom, while Spring is the fresh morning—the day dawn of the annusi circle. It seems to be a fit emblem of a better world; — the general restoration of' grass, herbs,' folin-e an 1 Ü )wop', a;? an imitation qf that (.pring time which 'hball breathe vivifying \inaih into the pale regiotvS of the dead-StiUiding at the cahu f\fning hour, or in I he morning’s dawn, ( n some graes-caipetcd emiiienei*, one destitute of all earthly po.s' sepsions, save the priceless gift of an hum ble and admiring heart, V.uy kok abroad on all tho beauty and richness of the scenery around, and exclaim with Goldsmith, “Creation’s h-;ir, the world id thine."  Is tlrere any one who,has gazed on the ¿olden gaiiiii^of the far off vVe-'it, and.watched the slow decline of the god of day, and not fcdt elevation of miud? The winds arc DOW bushed amoug the foliage, the bird.«  ye  ni  ' • ■ ' I ' .(i ' " . '■ .^1 f I T • . - « \ f ■  líÍíl VÂL Vr SfEAMSmP AR/EL. ,  i ’ ■ 1;'/'.t; í/.,iv ■ ■ i.ii ";■> . íí!;í í’-t f « o-  Ví^EN P 0ÁLKfcWrHK I>KATH OÍ .yM eAPT;‘lil!llL0W5. -    ---i  ,The,YfíiíderbÜt s^eamqri froui ITa.vre,:, itttjd Sputli iinptoti, whoíje .arrivnj ,at- Jilaijíjij:,;. Was announced 911 the ^Ofh- Ivgctjliec . wit^iithCjdojrttji 9f (>pt. LutU New Vork ya    ty^enty-^ d»ya.  frj^pi ! Bou tliajaptpi)., ;. ; í|*|»p 1, pa^sají«: M ;; Anç‘j| ÍJ^ j|^pen;0,n(^ pf the    ^ ,well as ;  one/ of .the,, loughçst, .^xpçriçnçvd, bj. ai'y, . steamer that basiCi^^d the,o^eau.sinpéj the-couiinencenient. of. winter,,j»nd has, Jikewise ibeen most di^trotis ip iis, cfTects. upon the yessc.l Olid hep    ^he.Ariel bjriDgs a  lar^e 6.nd,Y%l,UaÜe mrgq,,intended prûicipul-jlÿ^ibr,,the ^htistmai» deinand, but her lute ar-rir^l sad'^ .aßtipte ijs.value. Lieut. Îî. J. . Aufick^ U,„S, y. a'ttd wlÁ). aro °»n«nj:? haj;  take, the foitpwingr^^    a, gnhi ííbe  eri ji unteTedjou the 8th and 9th of Pcceui-'bCT.-, ,    .  The prcvaicncc of btrong pales from oppo-jsite points of the conipass within a thurt ttiíñe óccasibuéd an ugly cro^s sea, which now-' gféátiy ebdarigered the yessel. Capt. LudloW,. with! his'fifat aiid second, officers, stationed théfeselvès jforwfard of the pilot hou.se,. to bo , réaây to áoVih?á^ 9ihergM(^ j An accident tö the éngiüe,' wïiich ûiîf;!it happen at any môÂéni'whilè tlie’stîip was fcborîng^^^^^ heav-ilyy Wuld.rénâer it necessa^ to iiialie :use of ; thé /d rag Wi tfio.ùt ' á momo ti t's d play, ‘ to ke ep ; her ttónv falling off * into the trough pf tbs ■faea^ WKetô^ iu' -a dfsabled ‘ cón^ inijght ha^e feet decks swepi çr i'oiand  WM‘aów‘b|owiag fiirioasl^^^ and;the im-nioTiib'ö israves., ^'tÉieyleápt ‘ upwWde^^ ^brokc -liWe waterspouts around the ship, or cu.mbin-ing feil iiVe imiDCUsé, breakers upon the ocean bieiich; The forward part ¿f the .whc\ 1 j houses on çach side were brokeii in, and the I roiirid houses'were both'wúshéd faway,  ■ At ll Â. M. the ship settied deeply in the trough of the siîa, and a tremenduus sea broke upoù the forward deck. Capt. Ludlow ntthe iiiBtunt.was' cautioned by bis . second ^ mate, who .wiis staiiding near hiin, to '^‘Jouk out/’ but he had scarcely spoken the words < wlien all were «ubraerged, apparently^ ten feet under water. Jioth the érs.t ai)d >e< (;riü matea were badly injured, anti fur ib«? instunt • ic was thought that the steamer haîd. ft*und- . ered. The main hatch was broken i«^j;the, sea, and many tons of w-atèr went ,Velow.—Í Captain Ludlow* was knot'ked down,- àoï the’ heavy drag, composed ofpiank and tiiiibcTw, struck hinein the side, ^  He wa* found ■ iying upon his back, with r his can wished off, bis eyes cloned, and.ap . patently insensible. In thin conditiou be ! was conveyed to^his room: He revived suf-'' ficcntly to speak a few Words, the last of which were : "Tell the Couiuicdore 1 died at the,post of duty.” . He then sank back and expired. The injury was apparentlv on the left side, two or three of the ribs béin¿ broken, aud the fragment» penetrating the heart.  As soon 08 possible a large box was made, the body placed in it, and then i.>aeked in ice. By this means the remain.«« have been perfectly preservad, the Itneanient^ of tha face being as natural a.s if the deceased was otdy asleep After ibis ciowtu'ng disaster, the command devolved upon the first officer, Mr. Urown. who deserves great credit for the skill aud seamanship di.¿piayed, iu get-* ting tho steamer safely into port, i  From this time until she reached Halifns;,.  on the 2Uth inst., the Aerial encountered a constant succession of' N. W. gales. Ope ojf the pa.ssen^ers (an adult) and an infaUt djied ftom , na|.ural causes. The aeeoud-btK-ck'-r was wholly disabled until tho b»st dj*y ofjhe vóyai-íei and Mr. Bixiwu was also so' vióusly uijuicd.   

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