Bennington Evening Banner (Newspaper) - January 17, 1955, Bennington, Vermont THE BENNINGTON EVENING BANNER FIFTY-SECOND YEAR—NO. 15,610 PRICE FIVE CENTS BENNINGTON, VERMONT, MONDAY, JANUARY 17, 1955 WEATHER: C loudy, some snow flurries tonight, Tuesday; colder. A Man Will Sometimes Devote All of His Life to The Development of One Part of His Body — the Wishbone. Says Robert Frost u s. Air For ce p iio+ s Ashing Congress $62.4 Billion Fighter Planes To Costa Rica; . . _ _ Asks For More Effective Help Budget;D Uneasy Peace, Up Prosperity Fighting Erupts On Santa Rosa Front 'm. m REHEARSAL ON FORMOSA—A rope ladder from a make-believe ship and a simulated landing craft provide realistic props for these Marine and Naval trainees at the Tsoying Naval Training Base in .southern Formosa. Tte Nationalist rookies on Chiang Kai-shek’s island fortress are being readied against possible invaders fro rn tile Red China mainland, and for offensive operations of their own. SAN JOSE, Costa Rica (JU U.S. Air Force pilots rushed four fighter planes to Costa Rica today to help the embattled government challenge rebel control of the air. The planes — World War II Mustangs sold by the U. S. governor $1 apiece—were due here this j morning. Costa Rican pilots will man the craft against the rebels, who reportedly have an air force of one fighter and two trainers. The Organization of American States, which authorized transfer of the combat planes to bolster this nation’s armed forces in the six-day uprising, received an urg ent appeal from Costa Rica's gov jernment last night for “further and more effective help.” Costa Rica has accused her northern neighbor Nicaragua oi stirring up the revolt. Nicaragua has denied the charge, but an OAS Four - Engine Constellation Crashes Into Atlantic While On Flight From Newfoundland Engines Conk Out; Hunt Survivors CORNER BROOK. Nfld. (J* — A United States Navy four-engine Constellation crashed in the Atlantic off southwest Newfoundland today and search planes over the spot reported no trace of the 13 occupants. The plane had been airborne less than two hours, out of Ilarmon Air Force Base near here, when the pilot reported one of his engines had failed. Moments later he said a second motor had cut Eleven Bills Up For Action When Assembly Meets (Vermont Press Bureau) MONTPELIER — Eleven bills will be up for action when the house returns to work Tuesday at IO a. rn. These ll are in addition to the nine measures advanced Friday which will be up for passage at Tuesday’s session. Two Bills were reported favorably by committee without admend-ment. One would extend the fly casting season in trout and salmon waters throughout the state to Oct. I and IO sections of law making this extension in individual lakes and ponds. The change was recommended by the Fish and (lame Service. The other bill authorizes school directors to make contracts for transportation of pupils for terms not exceeding five years. Six bills were reported favorably with the recommendation for minor amendments. Two of them are companion bills to make the commissioner of social welfare, rather than the commissioner ol institutions, to investigace administration of poor relief and condition of town homes in the state. A third would make the adjutant general a major general, rather than a brigadier general as present. The other three would remove a provision in the present law allowing inmates at the House of Correction only an hour a day, five days a week, for exercise other than hard labor; would authorize the Vermont Sanitorium at Pittsford to receive patients referred by physicians who believe they may be suffering from tuberculosis; and w 7 jould redefine “indigent tuberculosis persons’’ suffering from tuberculosis who are not wholly indigent but w ho are without means of providing themselves with adequate care. Also reported favorably with amendment is a bill requiring employers to give their employes leave of absence up to 15 days for temporary military training in the reserve forces. Two bills were reported unfavorably. One would require actions against a municipality to be brough* in the county w here ti ic municipality is located and the other would- set up a statute on Daylight Saving Time, with the provisions that the governor might extend or teminate it by proclamation. The latter bill was introduced by Rep. Glendon King of Northfield, who Friday requested permission to withdraw it. His request wall be voted on Tuesday. A similar Daylight Saving Time bill, introduced by Sen. Donald L. Smith of Washington County, is in Senate Committee, out. The Constellation was en route from Harmon, 70 miles from here, to the Patuxent River Naval Air station in Maryland. Search planes from Harmon returned with reports of sighting yellow' life rafts in the sea. However, the pilots said there did not appear to he anyone in them. The Constellation carried a crew-of six and Harmon Field said there were seven passengers aboard. The aircraft took off at 3:52 a.m. The first distress signal from the pilot was received at Harmon about 5:45 a.m., and the second shortly afterward. A search and rescue crushboat was speeding to the area. A C47 twin-engine transport plane and a helicopter were ordered to stand by if need^l in a rescue operation. The Corfflellation was estimated to have covered about 70 air line ' miles from Harmon when it ditched. The pilot did not indicate (the nature of the trouble that had fouled his engines. He w r as following what is knowm as the “inside airways track”—a route that would have taken the plane over Moncton, N.B. Retiring Postal Route Carrier Is In Collision A Bennington rural route carrier, making his final trip after being “dismissed without reason’’ from his job at the local postoffice, had grief added to grief Saturday afternoon when his vehicle was involved in a collision with a Bennington motorist. State Police said Charles W. Rounds of Pownal Center was the driver of a 1954 station w'agon which sustained more than $200 damages in the accident. Tpr. Richard Davis of the Shaftsbury Barracks listed Bernard Bushee of 105 Dewey St., as driver of the other vehicle. Damages amounting to $125 to the Bushee car were reported. Rounds told police he was traveling south on the Carpenter Hill road when Bushee emerged from a side road. Bushee said his car skidded on the icy road and crashed into Rounds’ vehicle. Rounds was dismissed from his Rural Route I job some four weeks ago and was completing his final trip when the accident occurred. Riding with him was Merton Cross of Bennington who has been awarded a temporary appointment to Rounds’ position. Cross w as learning Rounds’ route when the accident happened. PORTSMOUTH, N.H (JU Jackson M. Washburn. 75. retired banker and former president of the New Hampshire State Golf Assn., died yesterday at Portsmouth Hospital. PUSAN, Korea (J* — Gen. " Tax-well B. Taylor, eor , m r "idrr of thr 8th Army and U. S. Army troops in the Far East, arrived today from Tokyo to spend several days in Korea. F. O. EAGLES REGULAR MEETING TUESDAY NIGHT, 8 O’CLOC K State President Niquette Will Ce Present MKS. MAIXOM EDGAR Mrs. M. S. Edgar Guest Speaker For Girl Scouts Mrs. Malcolm S. Edgar, mem-1 ber-at-large of the National Board of Directors of the Girl Scouts of j the USA, jvill be the guest speaker at the annual meeting of the Bennington Council Girl Scouts, Inc. < to he held here Thursday evening. Mrs. Edgar joined the Girl Scout I movement in 1918 as a member of the first troop organized in Newport, R. I. She has been affiliated with the Girl Scouts ever since, serving in various capacities as a > Scout, camp councillor, troop lead- ; I er, council member and council president. She has served on the Region II committee as a member, secretary and chairman for the states J of New York New Jersev, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands and the Canal Zone. At the present time, Mrs. Edgar is a member - at - large of the national board of directors and is vice chairman of the executive committee of the board. Mrs. Edgar has also boon active in the PTA in Summit, N J.; the Junior Service League and the League of Women Voters. She was instrumental in helping to estah -bsh the Summit Community Con-| certs Association. The Bennington Council will hold its annual meeting in the Church Barn in Old Bennington. Dessert will be served at 7:30 p.m. All Council members are purged to attend, and parents of all Brownie, Girl Scouts and other friends are welcomed. I Displays of troop activities will be'exhibited and some of the Bennington Scouts will participate in I a demonstration of Scouting work. • .---- Motor Vehicle Laws Land Five in Court Five persons were arraigned on motor vehicle charges this morning before Judge John B Harte in Municipal Court. Arraigned by State’s Atty. Stephen H. Gilman were: Earl Thompson Jr.. 37, laborer, of North Bennington, pleaded guilty to charges of driving without a license and was lined $25 and costs of $©.20. John Whitney Jr., 37, unemployed, of Bennington, pleaded int guMtv to charge' of diving vhile in.der the influence and jail was set at S2nr Richard Bleau, 2 ). milliiand. of Bennington, pleaded guilty to charges of speeding and was fined $10 and costs of $8.20. Norman Taylor, 17, student, of Manchester, was fined $20 and costs of $8.20 after pleading nolo to charges of speeding. Leonard W. Forrest, 47, mill-hand, of Bennington, pleaded guilty to charges of failing to surrender his license to operate motor vehicles upon lawful de-I mand of the commissioner and 1 was fined SIS and costs of SS 20, Miss Hilda Hurley Asks 2nd Term As Village Clerk Miss Hilda Hurley announced today that she will seek re-election to a second term as village clerk. She was elected to a first term last year when she ran unopposed for the post previously held for many years by William P. Hogan. Miss Hurley has been employed in the Village Offices since 1927. She will seek the nomination at the Citizens Caucus Saturday night at the armory. Posts still to be announced for i are those of the corporation at-! torney, collector of taxes and the three auditors’ positions. It is expected that Mrs. Julia Nash will seek re-election as collector of taxes and Auditors John DeVito, Joseph Shea and Robert Johnson will run again. No one has given the slightest indication that they would seek nomination to the corporation at -torney post. Incumbent Reuben J Levin has announced he will not seek re-election. CAP Unit Seeks Pilots, Planes For Efficiency Members of the Bennington Squadron, Civil Air Patrol, have been asked by Vermont Wing Com- j mander Col. Henry Collin of Proctor to individually seek out additional pilots and planes for CAP membership so that the state may he prepared for air rescue missions. Col. Collin, in a letter to CAP members, said only 16 of all the aircraft in the state are presently carried on CAP availability lists. He added that each of the state’s eight squadrons should have a minimum of five flying aircraft to enable the Vermont Wing to satisfactorily meet any emergency. Using the Bennington Squadron as an example, he said in his letter the local group has only three aircraft available for air search and rescue w'ork. Under existing CAP organization, each squadron is assigned a geographic area for search mission purposes covering from 256 to 1,914 square miles. Col. Collin said that the local air group, which has 884 square miles to cover in an aerial search, would have to fly over one and one-half days, eight hours per day, to adequately cover its area. He said such a requirement would greatly hinder and mar the effectiveness of the Bennington Squadron's air search responsibilities. The Vermont Commander said he Bennington Squadron should lave at least an additional two pri-. ate planes to augment its present two privately owned planes and a ncrnment plane. “Search and rescue is a vital part of our program,” Col. Collin added. “We can safely say the report of available aircraft sent in by the Vermont Wing is the most Inadequate of any of the nation's :2 wings.” Volunteer pilots and aircraft owners may affiliate with the Bennington Squadron by contacting Copt. Frank Griffin or attending the Squadron’s meeting in the Ar-, mory at 7 p. rn., Wednesday. PITTSFIELD. Mass. (.TI — Miss Dorothy Ptak, 22, a stenographer, was fatally injured yesterday when she fell while skating on Hoosac j Lake in Cheshire. She died in Pittsfield General Hospital a* few hours after she tripped and suffered what a I doctor described as a cerebral * hemorrhage. investigating team — without naming Nicaragua specifically — has reported that a substantial amount of the rebel war material was introduced over Costa Rica’s northern border. Until the transfer of the U. S. planes, the Figueres government’s makeshift air force has consisted chiefly of slow civilian transports which were hastily armed with machine guns after the rebel outbreak. Meanwhile, fighting erupted again yesterday on the only .active front, at Santa Rosa plantation in northwest Costa Rica near the Nicaraguan border. The con-tinuted activity in that arca appeared to indicate a decisive battle might be shaping up. A general staff communique said government troops, unofficially estimated at 1.000 men, held fast in a clash yesterday after- I noon although the rebel forces were aided by one plane. Loyalist forces on Saturday had claimed victory in a major skir-1 mish at Santa Rosa. ^Informants I said the outbreak yesterday came north of the plantation center when government troops moved out from j positions captured in the engage- j moot the dav before. Reports from the front said President Jose Figures had to i duck for shelter yesterday when j the rebels bom lied the outskirts of I Liberia, about 20 miles southeast of Santa Rosa. A communique said the bombardment killed two soldiers and Oscar Cordero, correspondent for a San Jose newspaper. Authorities completed evacuation of most of the civilian population ! from Liberia, which has borne ! the brunt of the enemy air attacks. The general staff said the situation in the Santa Rosa area was “definitely in our favor.” Several rebels and one loyalist were reported killed when the gov-ernment routed between 200 and 300 rebel troops in Saturday’s skirmish. The general staff said in yesterday’s skirmish the rebels pulled back, leaving arms and equipment j in the field. Nineteen loyalist wounded, brought to San Jose Hospital early today, said some of the rebels had taken to the hills and were selling their weapons for food. The wounded men said the rebels were using mortar fire in the Santa Rosa area and were operating under cover of a P47 fighter plane. An OAS investigating commission. which has sent observers to Liberia and other bombed towns, said “rebel aviation, due to planes of foreign origin, continues with undisputed control of the air over tho combat zones.” From across the border Nicara-; guan President Anastasio Somoza again denied any intervention in Costa Rica and declared the revolt was “one hundred per cent Costa Rican and inside the country.” He said the OAS commission should have come to Nicaragua first “because we are che accused. We need them very urgently so Figueres will stop telling them a lot of lies.” Somoza told reporters in Managua he was asking Washington to fly an equal number of planes to Nicaragua. “We have no air defense and you never know what Figueres is going to do next,” he said. The four U. S. planes which left Kelly Air Force Base in San Antonio. Tex., yesterday afternoon are F51 one-seater craft widely used in World War II. They have a cruising speed of about 350 m.p.h. and a top speed of more than 400. What armament they carried was not disclosed but they were described as fully armed. Vile * (Bevis Photo) BI CK DEER WAS KILLED and extensive damage sustained by the front end of a ear operated by Herman E. Cullman Jr., 20, of Bennington, when the deer ran in front of the vehicle at 2 p. rn. Sunday on Route 7 in Shaftsbury. Tpr. John Heffernan, State Pollee, who investigated the mishap, said the deer jumped out from the side of the road directly into the path of the oncoming ear. The ear struck the deer head-on, he added. Tpr. Heffernan notified State Game Warden Jesse Watson and the deer was removed. Cullman and a passenger, Miss Susan Weeks of Bennington, were not ia-jured. Budget Message, Highlights Cover Record, Income, Outgo And Promotion Of Welfare WASHINGTON (JI Textual highlights of President Eisenhower’s budget message to Congress today j (topical subheads are not the Pres-| ident’s): THE RECORD : The fiscal and budget story dur- I ing this past year centers around I the fact that we successfully made ; the adjustment from a wartime to ; a peacetime type of economy, a truly significant achievement. THE OUTLOOK The Executive Committee o f; Our present growing prosperity the Bennington Central Catholic » has solid foundations, free from the High School met Thursday even - artificial stimulations of war or in- Building Fund Group of CHS Sees Progress ing at the High School Office on South street. In attendance were I Monsignor Burke, Chairman o f the Committee; Father Desautels, Associate Chairman; Father Fitzpatrick, Father Brennaft, Herbert Horst, Dr. Donald Humphreys, Daniel Keeler, Patrick Keough , John Lonergan, Leo Plourde. J o -seph Carroll, Robert Johnson and Robert Roy, upon the recommendation of Monsignor Burke and flation. THE HAZARD However, the peace in which we live is an insecure peace. We must . . . remain strong for 4 what will apparently be a long period of uncertainty ahead. . . OUTLAYS Budget expenditures for the fiscal year 1956 are now estimated at j $62,400,000,000, or $1,000,000,000, less Father Desautels, w’ere added as Than for the current year. members of the Executive Com -mittee on this occasion. A financial report was submit •» ted at this time by Father Brennan, which showed conclusively that the pledges were being ful -filled even ahead of the anticipat-; cd schedule. The Architect’s report submitted by Father Desautels showed that the architects are working on schedule, which calls for the breaking of ground in late Spring of this year, and the opening of the new-high school in the Fall of ’56. It was determined at this time that the three houses on the property which was purchased for the erection of the High School will - eai ; have to be removed after the first j of April, and anyone who might be i interested in these houses can con-j tact the authorities of the Catholic High School. Further plans were made at ■ RECEIPTS We can expect budget receipts to rise I billion dollars over 1955, to a total of 60 billion dollars. THE DEFICIT The deficit will he reduced from the presently estimated 4’^ billions in the fiscal year 1955 to an estimated $2,IOO,OOO,(HJO in 1956. FISCAL PROGRESS Thus we continue to progress toward a balanced budget. THREE FOLD AIM Three broad considerations of national policy- have guided roe in framing the budget for the fiscal FIRST: We must defend our priceless heritage of political liberty and personal freedom against attack from without and undermining from within. . . the growing strength of Atomic Experts From 8 Nations Attend Parley UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. <Ju U. N. Secretary General Dag Ham-marskjold and atom experts of eight countries gathered here today for conferences to set up a world scientific congress on peaceful uses of atomic energy. Their decisions here will carry j forw ard another step the program proposed to the U. N. Assembly Dec. 8. 1953, by President Eisenhower to make atomic energy more useful in industry, medicine | and agriculture and to spread See ATOMIC ENERGY (Continued On Page Five) this time to begin the educational the United States and its friends is program of the High School next a key factor in the improved out- September by maintaining a ninth look for peace. We must continue I grade in the existing Parochial to build this strength, schools. This will enable plans to SECOND* be carried out which call for the; , * * . opening of the new School in Sep-1 Th . c government must do its part I temper of 1956 with the first two to advance huma " "elfare and en-years of High School. ; courage economic growth. . Hut A resolution was made involving , u 'here our people cannot take the necessary actions for them- an appreciation of thanks to the members of the Financial Com -mittee who have assisted in the j collection of the money in the past few months. This Committee i n -• dudes: Thomas Cronin, Leo De-Grenier, William Fox, William Hurley, Ted Purcell, Louis Sene-j cal and Robert Roy. In addition, a resolution was passed involving special appreciation of thanks t o those who have carried out the tremendous clerical work involved in the maintainence of the High School Office. This group selves. As far as possible these steps should be taken in partnership with state and local government and private enterprises. MIDDLE ROAD A liberal attitude toward the welfare of people and a conservative approach to the use of their money have shaped this budget. NEW AUTHORITY My recommendation for appropriations and other.new authority to incur obligations for the fiscal year 1956 is $1,300,000,000 more than SOCIAL TONIGHT, 8 O’CLOCK ELKS CLUB includes, in addition to Joseph Car- . r . TU , T ~ ~ amount for the fiscal year 1955. roll, Robert Johnson and Leo' . - * . ’ primarily because of new requirements for our military services. SECURITY The stern requirements of our national defense dictate the largest part of our budget, and it is chiefly Plourde, who are also members of the Executive Committee: Betty Daigneault. Doris Johnson. Bar -bara Petrelis, Barbara Taylor, Beverly Taylor and Peggy Tay -lor. Father Brennan indicated at this meeting that the above named these requirements w hich prevent have contributed approximately us from decreasing budget expendi- 200 hours of their time on behalf I -- of the Central Catholic High’ SEE BLDGET MESSAGE I School, J .(Continued On Page Five;. WASHINGTON (JI — President Eisenhower today sent to Congress a $62,400,000,000 budget for the year beginning July I. It contemplates a billion dollar drop in spending from this year, a billion dollar rise in receipts and a deficit of $2,400,000,000. In a message, Eisenhow-er told Congress his budget was designed to guard “an insecure peace” and “progressively increase our prosperity and enhance our welfare.” In fiscal year 1956, beginning July I, Eisenhower said, the government should; Spend $62,400,000,000 compared with $63,500,000,000, estimated for the current, 1955 fiscal year, and ended last June 30. Collect 60 billion dollars, compared with 59 billions estimated for the current fiscal year, and $64,700,000,000 in fiscal 1954. Run a deficit of $2,400,000,000 compared with his red ink forecast of $4,500,000,000 for the current fiscal year and $3,100,000,000 the year before. The President recommended that corporation and excise tax rates scheduled to decline in April be maintained at present levels for a year. Ile said major national security programs would cost $40,458,000.- 000 next year, virtually the same as a new and low T er security spending estimate of $40 644,000.000 for this year. The figure was $46,522,-000,000 in fiscal 1954. Army and Navy spending programs would be virtually unchanged next fiscal year. But the Air Force was scheduled for nearly half a billion dollars more in fiscal 1956 than this year. At $15,- 600.000.000 it would spend 6 to 7 j billions more than either of the j other services. This is a peacetime record for**Air Force spending atomic energy outlays, budgeted at 2 billion dollars in fiscal 1956, were almost unchanged from 1 this year. Eisenhower scheduled a 450 million dollar Increase in foreign military- aid outlays next year, to $3,- 1675.000.000. __ U.S. Debt Grows j Bigger, But Your Shore Dropping WASHINGTON (JI—The national debt keeps growing hut your own share of it gets smaller. It isn't rising as rapidly as the population. President Eisenhower’s budget message showed today the federal debt going up. It w r as $271,300,000,- 000 last June 30, he said, will climb to $274,300,000,000 by next June 30 an dwill go on rising to $276,-000,000 by rn id-1956. But. the burden is being borne by more Americans. There were 102,-114,000 in mid-1954 and if the population trend continues, the Census Bureau estimates there will ho about 165,200.000 in rn id-1955 a nr I 168.000.000 a year beyond that. So the shire of each man, woman and child is declining, approximately as follows: Last July I the debt per person was $1,671.25. Next July I it will be $1,661.02. On July I, 1956, it will he $1,642.86. Your piece of the public debt, in other words, will be $28.39 less in mid-1956 than it was last summer. Feel Better? "Cost Off' Order Given To First A-Powered Sub GROTON, Conn. (J) — Only the order !‘cast off” was needed today to send the world’s first atom-powered vessel, the Nautilus, steaming out to make maritime history. ' Atomic Energy Commission and Navy designers already know', from tests with a land-based prototype power plant, that the Nautilus’ nuclear engine would work. In addition, they cautiously tried out the Nautilus’ plant several days ago while the boat remained tied to the pier. But not until tcda* r would they really know how the 3,000-ton vessel. first of a fleet of atomic subs, would respond to the thrust of the nuclear-generated pow T er. how the multitudes of power and navigational controls would respond while under way, how' the Nautilus w’ould 1 maneuver. Orders called for the Nautilus to head downstream slowly toward Long Island Sound, where probably for days she will go through her surface trials. Later the critical diving tests will come. Unofficial estimates of the total cost of the Nautilus range as high as 50 millions.