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Bennington Banner (Newspaper) - August 5, 1963, Bennington, Vermont Fair and Cool Fair and cooler tonight, lows in the 50s. Tuesday, mostly sunny with tem- peratures about the same as today. Sunday's high, 78; low, 59. Today at 7 a.m., 02. Precipitation Saturday was .31 inches; Sunday, 22 inches- total .58 inches. Saturn and the moon will be in con- junction early evening. Benningto Bennington, Vermont, Monday, August a, 1963 anner Established 1841. 60th Year, No. Price 7 Cents U THANT ARRIVES TO WITNESS TEST BAN S1GNING-U.N. Secretary General U Thant, center, receives a greeting at the Moscow airport Sunday from U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Adlai Stevenson, left, and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, right. U Thant flew to Moscow to witness the signing of the limited nuclear test ban agreement by the U.S. Russia and Great Britian in Moscow today. (AP Photo) If All Nuclear Weapons Are Banned, Would Wars Be All the More Likely? By ,IA MFS MARLOW AP News Analyst WASHINGTON Unit- ed .States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima 18 years ago Tues- day. Shortly afterward, Hitler's foreign minister, Joachim Von Ribbentrop, expressed a strange confidence in mankind. "No one would be so stupid as to start a war lie said. His foresight had never been very good. At the time he made the prophecy he was in jail in Germany, soon to be tried and iet Union, it has been estimated, ought to be able to eliminate about 90 per cent of each other in an all-out war. Last week Presi- dent Kennedy talked of "100 ob- jects flying through the air at thousands of miles an hour." This makes the Hiroshima hanged for war crimes. The bomb which hit the Japan- ese city had more power than tons of TNT. Now the Unit- ed States has a stockpile equival- ent to 35 billion tons of TNT. The Soviets have one equal to at least 20 billion tons. Arthur T. Hadley, author of bomb look a little skimpy although "The Nation's Safety and Arms it destroyed about 60 per cent of said recently 35 billion the city, killed about peo- tons of TNT explosive power pie outright, and had a blast effect "would fiH a string of freight cars equivalent to that of all the high stretching from the earth to the moon and back 15 times." The United States and the Sov- Dixie Politicians Vie To 'Cuss Kennedys' Best osopher, suggested last year that bombs might not be the only cause of mortality in a nuclear at- tack on this country. He thought a "great many Americans would be killed by other Americans who did not want their shelters over-filled." But, since he's a leader in the "ban- the-bomb" protests, some people may regard him as odd. After 18 years, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Un- ion haven't come'any closer to banning the bomb than a limited agreement, being signed today, to ban nuclear tests in the atmos- phero and outer space and under r our Escape r rom the sea. This leaves them free to test Jail and go on making explosives which coiildbe carried in a fleet of B29s. Bertrand Russell, British phil- JACKSON, Miss. dent Kennedy is very much in the Mississippi Democratic primary even though his name isn't on the ballot for the election Tuesday. What one candidate calls a "cuss the Kennedy'campaign has overshadowed traditional state issues in the heated campaign to pick the probable successor of 65-year-old Gov. RossBarnett. Barnett, who attracted world- James H. Meredith, a Negro, to the University of Mississippi, can not succeed himself. Traditionally, the incumbent governor takes no part In the campaign to choose his succes- sor. Barnett has held tothisline, saying he was too busy with af- fairs of stale. The four Democratic candidates are: P. (for James Plennon) bombs. Kennedy said this country will continue testing under- ground. And any signer of the agreement can get out of it on three months' notice. The agreement ran into trouble Roy Girouard John Caspar, Jes- as soon as it was announced. SB Cartee and Norman Berard. Details of the escape were not available immediately. BURLINGTON (AP) Four in- mates at Chittenden Coun- ty jail escaped during the night. Authorities identified them as wide prominence last fall by defy- Coleman, 49, of Ackerman, gov- ing the federal government inthe ernor in 1956-00. A lawyer, he has court ordered admission of been in the state house of repre- Illlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll News in Brief MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) The Montgomery Advertiser says University of Alabama officials are considering expelling James A. Hood, a Negro, because of statements he allegedly made at a Negro rally. University officials at Tusca- loosa confirmed that an investi- gation is under way. A story in the Advertiser's Sun- day editions said that Hood ad- dressed a Negro rally July 16 in Gadsden, where racial demon- strations have been going on for several weeks. New Syrian Cabinet DAMASCUS, Syria Minister Salah Bitar today an- nounced formation of his third cabinet in five months. The cabinet shuffle came dur- ing a heated war of words be- tween President Gamal Abdel Nasser of the United Arab Re- public and Syria's ruling Ba'ath Socialist party. But it indicated no changes In Syria's foreign and economic policies. Another Monk Burns SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) A Buddhist monk in his early twenties burned himself to death in the second fiery suicide pro- testing alleged religious persecu- tion by President Ngo Dinh Di- em's government In South Viet Nam. Summit Talks Knd MANILA leaders of Malaya, Indonesia and the Phil- ippines ended their summit meet- ing today with a pledge to work together for pence and progress In Southeast Asia. In a solemn ceremony at the Philippine Foreign Ministry, offi- cials signed agreements designed to bring the three states closer together and solve the Malaysia dispute. sentatives for the pastfour years. Paul B. Johnson, 47, of Hat- tiesburg, the lieutenant governor. A World War II Marine captain and son of a former governor, Johnson like Barnett faces federal criminal contempt pro- ceedings stemming from the Meredith case. Mason, 60, of Magee, a welder who earned the nick- name "blowtorch" for his color- ful stump speeches during the 1959 gubernatorial campaign. He finished last in a four-man field with about votes. Charles Sullivan, 38, of Clarksdale, the third major can- didate. Sullivan, a prematurely gray-haired ex-district attorney finished a surprisingly strong third in the 1959 gubernatorial campaign. He is a state rights advocate who says he will bolt the Democratic party rather than vote for Kennedy. See MISSISSIPPI Continued on Page 10 France and Rod China, deter- mined to make their own nuclear weapons, even if it takes years, In several other breaks in re- won't join the agreement which cent years, inmates have brok- China calls a "filthyfraud." on through a wall of the ancient When they get their supply jail. built up, perhaps in 10 years, it Sheriff Earle B. McLaughlin stm will be no match for those had repeatedly called for con- See WAR struction of a new jail. Continued on Page 10 'Tremendous Kslnhlislunenl' Partridge Cites Problems o Of State's School Systems SANDGATE The one "ines- capable fact" of Vermont edu- cation is that of a small popu- lation supporting "a tremendous educational establishment." This was the theme of a talk here Sunday by Rep. Sanborn Partridge, R-Proctor, chairman of the House Education Com- mittee, before about 100 persons attending the annual Old Home Day ceremony at the Sandgate Methodist Church. Rep. Partridge observed that Vermont's population of persons is about the same as the city of Rochester, N.Y. While a U.S., U.K., Soviets Sign Partial Test Ban Treaty Keating Sees 'First Step on Road to Peaceful World9 Senate's OK For the Pact WASHINGTON Ken- neth B. Keating predicts over- whelming Senate approval for the limited nuclear test ban treaty If Secretary of State Dean Rusk makes It clear that no "under- the-table" deals are involved. Keating, a New York Republi- can, said he asked Rusk for as- surance that U.S. negotiators have not agreed to a nonaggres- slon pact or Increased trade as a price for the agreement being signed today In Moscow. "If we get a forthright re- sponse, and a denial of any un- der-the-table deals, then I am con- fident that the Senate will ratify this treaty by an overwhelming Keating said Sunday In a taped radio-television program broadcast in New York. A two-thirds majority is needed for ratification. In a speech to the nation July 26, President Kennedy said: "The Moscow talks reached no agree- ment on any other subject, nor is this treaty conditioned on any other matter." A Democrat, Sen. Strom Thur- mond of South Carolina, raised doubts Sunday about the treaty, which would ban tests in the at- mosphere, outer space and under the sea. Thurmond, in a letter to con- stituents, said Soviet Premier Khrushchev's failure to keep agreements on Cuba, Southeast Asia and other world trouble spots make it questionable wheth- er he can be trusted on the test ban. MOSCOW (AP) Represent- atives of the United States, Brit- ain and the Soviet Union today signed a partial nuclear test ban treaty in solemn ceremonies in the grand Kremlin palace. Secretary of State Dean Rusk, British Foreign Secretary Lord Home and Soviet Foreign Minis- ter Andrei A. Gromyko put their signatures on the historic docu- ment at p.m. Moscow time. Premier Khrushchev witnessed the signing. "Our three said Rusk, "have today taken what all from the shoulders of our peo- ple." Immediately after the simul- taneous signing by the three for- eign ministers, Gromyko made a speech hailing the treaty as "a, success of the peaceful policy of the Soviet Union." He proposed a champagne toast to peace and friendship among nations. Witnesses to the signing clinked glasses with Khrushchev and U.N. Secretary-General U Thant, another witness who flew to Moscow for the signing. Khrushchev had met separately mankind must hope will be a first before the ceremony with both step on the road to a secure and Rusk and Home and their dele- peaceful world. "The treaty we have signed to- day is a good first step for which the United States has gations and with Thant. Adlai E. Stevenson, U.S. am- bassador to the United Nations, and six U.S. senators were pres- long and devoutly hoped. But it ent at Rusk's talk with Khrush- is only a first step. It does not chev. end the threat of nuclear war." Sen. J. W. Fulbright D-Ark., Rusk warned that It would be impossible "for us to guarantee Clash of Renewed -iclion now what the significance of this f____________J____________________ act will be." "History will eventually record how we deal with the unfinished business of he contin- ued. "But each of our govern- ments can and will play an im- portant role in determining what future historians will report." Rusk made his remarks after putting his signature to the treaty binding the three powers to end all' nuclear weapons testings in the atmosphere, in space and un- der water. Underground testing is not affected. "In a broader Rusk concluded, "the signature of this treaty represents the readiness of the United States to join with the two other original signatories and with other nations in a determined and sustained effort to find practical means by which tensions can be reduced and the burdens of the arms race lifted chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, alluded to possible Senate opposition to the treaty. He remarked to Gromyko: "No one can speak for the Senate un- less it speaks for itself, but lam personally in favor of this treaty." Moscow Scores China MOSCOW ideo- logical dispute between theSoviet Union and Communist China reached a new peak of bitterness Sunday as all Moscow newspapers devoted almost their entire front pages to a statement by the Soviet Government de- nouncing Chinese opposition to the treaty. The Soviet Union pledged that it would not be di- See TREATY Continued on Page 10 U.S. Troops Repulse Grenade-Hurling Reds U.S. FIRST CAVALRY DIVI- SION FRONT, Korea teen American soldiers fought off seven grenade-hurling North Ko- rean raiders today in the longest clash in eight days of fresh ac- tion on the Korean front. Five Americans suffered scratches from grenade frag- ments in the two-hour battle, fought in pre-dawn darkness. There were no known Communist causualties. The Communist North Koreans used whistles like pheasant calls to guide their attack. They struck at an American outpost in a nar- House GOP Leader Halleck Forecasts Passage of Rights and Tax Cut Bills More Prosecutions Seen In Ward Case Aftermath LONDON lions appear in prospect in the wake of the vice trial and suicide of Dr. Stephen Ward, who be- lieved he was the scapegoat of Britain's sex and security scan- dal. Before swallowing the barbitu- rates that snuffed out his life Sat- urday after an 80-hour coma, Ward wrote in one of many sui- cide notes, "The ritual sacrifice is demanded and I cannot stand it." Leading lawyers and legisla- tors voiced concern over several aspects of the trial in which Ward, 50, was cleared of three vice charges and found guilty of two off the earn- ings of prostitutes Christine Kee- ler and Marilyn (Mandy) Rice- Davles. Legal experts said they expect action against at least two prose- cution witnesses. Call girls Vicky Barrett and Ronna Ricardo ad- mitted in court they lied under oath. Public sympathy grew with re- ports of Ward's ex- cept for a prison warder, his brother and hospital staff and de- serted by his so-called friends in high places. Many felt the osteopath was made a scapegoat for introducing former War Minister John Pro- fumo to Miss Keeler, who at the same time was seeing an assist- ant Soviet naval attache. Their triangular relationship touched off the scandal tliat threatened to topple Prime Min- ister Macmillan's government. Profumo resigned in disgrace. large city like Rochester op- erates a single public school sys- tem, Vermont lias scores of small systems, he noted. In addition, Vermont has the largest number of colleges in the United States on a per capita basis. "No matter how we approach it, education is going to cost us Partridge said. When a state like Massachusetts enacts new school legislation, it costs much less per person than the same move in Vermont, because the Bay State has 5 million peo- ple. "This is at the root of our educational the legis- lator pointed out. Rep. Partridge, a geologist and former college professor, stressed that the statistics are That those who are graduated from high school earn more, on the average, than those who do not, and that those who are graduated from college earn more than those who do not. The same applies to graduate school. What this means for Vermont, he said, is that in the long run, the better educated our citizenry is, the bigger taxpayers they will become. The legislator'- educator noted that many clianges have come to education over the decades, just as things change In the realm of ideas, or of fashions. A few years ago, many persons were startled by the advent of "progressive ed- ucation" and its permissiveness. Now, the trend is swinging away See SCHOOLS Continued on Pago 5 WASHINGTON (AP) The House Republican leader, Charles A. Halleck, predicts a tax reduction-revision bill and some sort of civil rights legisla- tion will be passed by the House. But he foresees stiff oppposition in the Senate. The Indianan gave this forecast Sunday in a televised interview His somewhat optimistic pre- diction for the fate of the two measures in the top priority by the Democratic contrary to the GOP leader's earlier views. This week, congressional com- mittees may start making major decisions on tax cuts and civil rights. But it remains highly un- certain when they will reach the floor of the House or Senate for debate. The House Ways and Means Committee took a series of votes on the tax legislation last week and may reach the most impor- tant question reduced rate the next few days. President Kennedy recommend- ed a net cut of about billion to be reached In stages. Rep. Thomas B. Curtis, R-Mo., a mem- ber of the committee, said Sun- day in an interview on New York television stations, "Thejniost we are probably talking about is a or cut, net." The SenateCommerceCommlt- tee completed its public hearings last Friday on one of the most important sections in the civil rights package a ban on dis- crimination in public accommo- dations. It may start delibera- tions on the measure during the week. Tuesday or Wednesday, the House will take up a bill to in- crease sharply the government's outlays for vocational education. The first of Kennedy's aidtoedu- cation proposals to reach either floor, it has bipartisan support but may run Into trouble because of a drive by some Republicans to attach an antidiscrimination amendment. Later in the week the House will debate a bill to extend the billlon debt ceiling until Nov. 30. The Senate will consider on Tuesday a tions measure for the Labor and Welfare Departments. The Senate Commerce Commit- tee meets Thursday to begin ex- ecutive sessions on emergency railroad legislation. The Senate Judiciary Committee has tenta- tively scheduled for Wednesday additional testimony from Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy on the civil rights package. row finger of the demilitarized zone that was a blood battleground in the 1950-53 Korean War. The North Koreans hurled a series of grenades at an Amer- ican outpost set up about yards east of where a Communist patrol last week ambushed three Americans in a jeep, killing two and wounding the third. The spot is 13 miles from Pan- munjom, where the U.N. com- mand warned North Korea it would invite its own destruction if it failed to halt attacks south of the border dividing North and South Korea. North Korea's spokesman, at the Armistice Commission meet- ing Saturday, rejected the U.N. command's charges as "fabrica- tions." A U.N. command spokesman said today there were no reports of fighting elsewhere along the 151-mile Korean front. The commander of the beseiged group, Capt. Jerry Scott of Ada, Okla., said the Communist patrol leader apprently directed his sol- diers with whistles sounding like pheasant calls. Pfc. Roger Chalifour of 48 Oak- dale Ave., Manchester, N.H. said he was sure he got one of the North Koreans. "When he crawled to about 20 yards away from me, I threw a grenade and it couldn't have he said. One Was iMiddlebnrv Student Three Are Killed in Area Road Accidents On the Inside Vermont peace groups are urged to work harder to influ- ence legislation Page 2. The FBI has a witness who's expected to tell Congress the inside workings of the U.S. crime syndicate Page 3. Continuation of the Rockefel- ler Goldwater feud will pave the way for a GOP dark horse, says Albany political observ- er Kirtland I. King Page 4. 'Glad' man retires to work Page 5. Andy Mattison hurls no-hit- ter for Prince's Walte's In class A state Softball quarter finals at Memorial Park Sun- day Page 6. The sixth article in the "Deepening Crisis" series discusses the goal of equal op- portunity for all Page 7.' A 21-year-old Readsboro man who died at mid-morning today in a New Hampshire hospital be- came the third auto fatality re- corded in weekend accidents in the Bennington area. The dead were: Marcel Gosselin, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Gosselin of Readsboro, one of two men criti- cally injured in a truck accident at Lake Whitingham Saturday morning; Richard Rapp, 21, of 21 Pros- pect St., Bloomfield, Conn., a Middlebury College student em- ployed on the sports staff of the Berkshire Eagle in Pittsfield, Mass.; and Miss Blondin (Marie) Stewart, 11, of 465 Park Ave., New York City, a passenger in Rapp's car which went out of control on a sharp curve on New York 22 and skidded sideways into an oncom- ing pickup truck. Injured in the two accidents were: Frank Davidson, 27, of Port- land, Maine, reported infaircon- dition at Brattleboro Memorial Hospital with head injuries and two fractured ankles suffered in the Lake Whitingham truck crash; Mr. and Mrs. Leslie Vadigan, passengers in the pickup truck in- Dawes Ave., Pittsfield, Mass., shore. Their bodies were partial- also a passenger in Rapp's car ly in the water when passersby who was treated for facial bruis- came to their aid, police said, es and released from the Cam- state Trooper Peter Barton of bridge hospital Saturday. Wilmington who investigated told Gosselin and Davidson were Ms superiors at the Brattleboro injured Saturday morning, Ver- Barracks that the identity of the mont State Police report, when a truck's driver has not yet been truck owned by the Mainline determined. Fence Co. of Westbrook, Maine, The injured were treated at with whom both of the men were the scene by Dr. Milton Wolfe employed, went off the left side of Wilmington and taken to the Brattleboro hospital by ambu- lance. Gosselin was immediately transferred to Hanover for brain of Vermont 8 near the Lake Whit- ingham dam. The truck crashed through 15 guard rails and dropped 30 feet over an embankment onto the wall of the dam, police said, with the men being thrown onto the surgery. Gosselin was born Jan. See THREE DIE Continued on Page 10 22, See related Page 2. stories on volved in the collision with the Rapp car in North Hoosick who were treated at Mary McClellan Hospital in Cambridge and re- leased; William Dyson, 21, of 15 Mon- tana St., North Adams, a pas- senger in Rapp's car who was reported in fair condition In the Cambridge hospital this morning where he was treated for multiple cuts and bruises. Thomas Glddings, 21, of 83 CAR IN WHICH TWO DIED-Damagcd Corvair is shown in lloosich Falls, N.Y., garage yard after two of its passen- gers were killed and four other people seriously injured in n crash Saturday nn New York 22 in North Hoosick. Three of the four pnssenRcrs in the auto wern thrown out driver's door by the impact after auto veered into a pick- up truck carrying North Hennington couple. (Beaumont)
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