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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - December 13, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Cloudy Tuesday clear Muth Detail OB 60 SALT LAKE TUESDAY DECEMBER PRICE FIVE CENTS Opens Gateway Battle Hits Closed Door Policy In Bid for Northwest Portal The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad Monday opened its fight to compel Union Pacific to open the Ogden gateway to Idaho and other Pacific northwest territory before Frank interstate commerce commission in Hotel The voluminous testimony offered at the first day of the hearing by the Rio which is presenting its case was designed to support these main contentions That the Union Pacific policy of not making through rates into the socalled closed door territory in conjunction with the Ttio Grande is not the usual policy of that railroad with other but that it makes numerous important That absence of through rates into the territory over the Rio Grande via Ogden penalizes some shippers in the form of higher combination rates and deprives others of valuable transit That because of Union Pacific policy the Rio Grande is required because of the rate advantage accruing to the shipper BACK MONDAY Probe Rebills Groves Q uiz 12 UP spy hunters announced Monday they will recall retired Leslie head of the wartime Abomb for further questioning about the alleged leak of atomic materials to Russia in Chairman John sairt the house committee on unAmerican activities also will re call George Racey 53year old former air force major whose radio broadcast charges set off the new Reappearance of the two will permit them to bequestioned by Re publican committee members who complained they were not notified in time to attend the original hear They accused their Demo cratic colleagues of a political whitewash in the Wood announced through com mittee counsel Frank Tavenner that Groves and Jordan will be recalled when the investiga tors reopen their hearings next Former Vice Henry who has been linked with the alleged will be heard Jordan also had Harry Franklin Rossevelts late in the Groves denied that Hopkins or anyone else high in the Roose velt administration had brought pressure on him to help the Rus Coplon Judge Hits Tapping NEW 12 eral Judge Sylvester Ryan said Jionday he may have to throw out the spy case against Judith Coplon and Valentin Gubitchev if it is based on wiretapped telephone He ordered the government to prove Tuesday that it can press its case against the pair without relying solely on wiretapped in I certainly will bar the use of wire tap transcripts in the trial suppress any evidence that flows from added the The 28yearold former govern ment girl and the 34yearold So viet engineer are scheduled to go to trial 27 on charges of conspiring to transmit gov ernment secrets to Miss Coplon already is under sentence for stealing government to turn over to the at Utah and Colorado exchange much more freight than it receives from that That because of diminishing freight originating on its own line notably nonferrous metals the Rio Grande is increasingly de pendent upon bridge traffic that which neither originates or terminates on the Rio Grande Betters Position That wheraas the Rio Grande was for many years not in a posi tion to offer competitive service to through shippers because of a longer route and rundown physi cal it now has the ability to handle the business on competitive The chief Rio Grande witness was assistant freight traffic He pre sented a 274page exhibit and was in process of reading a 60page explanatory statement when the hearing recessed for the Union Pacific counsel will not have the opportunity to cross ex amine him until he completes his Other Witnesses Other Rio Grande witnesses were Wilson and vice president in charge of McCarthy emphasized the physical rejuvenation of the line and testified the complaint was filed only after efforts to reach an agreement with the Union Pa cific had Hogue like wise presented figures and in implicated fovmation designed to show that the character of the railroad has changed from a largely local line to an important transcontinental Excess Rates One of his exhibits on eastbound shipments via Union Pacific and Rio Grande showed an excess of combination rates over the through rates ranging from to per He cited an ex ample of another shipment on which he said the penalty amounted to In crossexamining Mc Elmer head of the Union Pacifics legal sought to establish the point that there was no actual public need or demand for the through rates via the Ogden gateway but that a vigorous effort had been launched to create a simulated or artificial demand through an educational McCarthy remarked that representatives of the line have been talking to shippers about things which they thought would interest Robert Quirk objected to the line of questioning on the grounds that it was both customary and proper to seek public He remarked that if the line of ques tioning he would be compelled to show that the Union Pacific had waged a campaign to neutralize any efforts of the Rio Grande and that their methods See Page Column 5 Character Witness Says Hiss Known as Fellow Traveler NEW 12 for mer superior of Algpr Hiss testi fied Monday that Hiss once was labeled in some government cir cles as a fellow One of Hiss own character wit Stanley gave the testimony during cross He is a former am bassador to the Hornbeck said he heard William former ambassador to describe Hiss as a fellow traveler some time between 1939 and Hoard In Paris Die tell you he had heard it in Paris Hornbeck was asked by the He the witness Hornbeck said he kept the information to himself nnd said nothing to his own supe riors or the Hornbeck said he never heard any report that Hiss was a he did he ever suspect that Hiss might have taken government secrets for a prewar Soviet spy Lauds His Reputation Hornbeck said he was Hiss superior as head of the far eastern division of the State department in He called Hiss reputation for loyalty and honesty exceed ingly The character witness was among the first introduced by the defense as Hiss began his second attempt to clear himself of perjury charges Involving leakage of gov ernment secrets to the spy handsome exState department of ficial would not learn his fate until after The government rested its case in Hiss second trial at EST and Federal Judge Henry Goddard dismissed defense mo tions to the trial and declare I Hiss Top Court Upholds Rent Control Law Hoover Notes Way to Save Billion 12 UP Herbert in a new appeal tor government said Mon day that soaring federal costs may turn two Frankensteins loose in extend controls beyond that date is an open land taxes and infla j1 6 The government estimates that same housing accommodations remain under federal The courts action was announced in a fourword decision which said only The judgment is Opponents in railroad gateway case get together for a picture at interstate commerce commission Left to Robert chief of Rio Grande legal staff Wilson presi dent of D R G W and Elmer chief counsel for Prosecutor Urges Death Penalty For Bulgarian 11 13 fl The death penalty by hanging was demanded Monday by state prosecutors for Traicho former vice and 10 co defendants charged with spying and Bulgarias 2 Com was accused of having plotted with Premier Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia and with British and American imperial ists to pull Bulgaria out of the Soviet sphere and annex it to Yugoslavia in an antiSoviet In a sensational courtroom Kostov had repudiated portions of his pretrial confes sion to But the state countered through his codefend ants who testified against The chief Vladimir demanded the heaviest by hang Scourges Bulgar Aid For Envoys Treatment Formosa Help Stirs Chiang Reform Vows 12 UP Chinese Nationalist gov ernment was authoritatively por trayed Monday night as ready to make immediate drastic reforms Formosa to earn American economic and diplomatic assist ance in holding this island fortress against the This word came from a high source which may not be named but is close to Generalissimo Chiang The renewed and joyful Na tionalist talk of aid grew from unofficial Washington reports that the United States was pre pared to give economic and dip lomatic support for the retention of Chiang Aids Cheered While the Washington reports were unofficial and did not deal with military various Na tionalist leaders intimated strong optimism concerning possible American Chiangwas said here not to have asked that Formosa be put under an American The authoritative expressed firm belief in Chiangs full cooperation if the United States would help him keep this island out of Communist The cost would be most inexpensive investment to help stem communism the source although he mentioned no Study Arms Need As for reforms on restive For the source said land and other administrative ad vancements had been made dur ing the last six He said the government now was plan ning to push political reforms im He said on the scene would be This source said win it was not fuliy familiar with nms stocks on arms replen ishment was This IM at variance with various reports from outside Formosa tht f island is heavily stockpiled With military 12 The United States denounced Com munist Bulgaria Monday for sub jecting American legation officials at Sofia to restric tions false Undersecretary James Webb summoned Bulgarias top Wash ington representative to the state department for a sharply worded protest against the actions of his Soviet bloc Webb raised the question of the Bulgarian governments in tentions with respect to the main tenance of normal relations be tween the two the state department Declines Comment Reporters asked Press Officer Michael McDermott whether this was an implied threat to break off American diplomatic relations with McDer mott declined direct saying he could add nothing to the formal Webbs denounciation was made to Peter charge de It was based on the charge that the Bulgarian gov ernment has made a deliberate attempt to involve Min ister Donald Heath in the cur rent Communist purge trial of Traicho former vice pre Raps Press Attack The state department charged that the Bulgarian government permitted scurrilous articles in its controlled press attacking the state department and Minister Heath and indicating that Heath had deliberately lied in denying that he had ever seen Kostov or had ever exchanged a word with Kostov is one of several de fendants en trial at These most recent actions of the Bulgarian government di rected against the American min ister are not an isolated develop the state department de clared in a formal statement about Webbs It added Series of Indignities For some time the United States legation in Sofia has been subjected to a series of indigni ties and restrictions including false charges against American intimidation and prose cution of local Bulgarian em refusal to issue visas to personnel assigned to the lega tion and various restrictions on travel and Webbs action followed a pro test which Heath himself made 3 In assistant Foreign Min ister In this Heath de clared statements attributed to him at the Communist trial were patent falsehoods which the Bul garian government could and had a duty to the state department by all these actions has shown an apparent intention to disregard international law and comity in conducting its relations with the United the statement declared the restrictions imposed on the lega tion and its staff made virtually impossible the conduct of normal diplomatic and consular func Rockefeller Gives Cancer Center Million Grant NEW 11 The battle against cancer was given another shot in the arm Monday night in the announce ment of a gift by John Rockefeller to Memorial Cancer center Rockefellers pledge was made known at a dinner COmmemOrat ing uit nnmVcVSaiy Ui LUC The Rockefeller donation is to be made on condition that the center match the It al ready has toward the complete budget of The money will be used for ex pansion and for a teaching pro Freighter Sails With Staff for Japan ABOARD LAKELAND Off Taku 12 Ousted from Red Justices Vote 80 to Upset Chicago Trial Decision 12 validity of present federal rent control act was upheld by the supreme court By an 80 the court threw out arguments that congress went too far in delegating power to state and local governments to free themselves of The a successor to previous control becamt effective last April It will expire June Whether congreM China after treatment he called hellish and conviction on trumpedup assault Con sul Angus Ward was safely aboard this American freighter The ship is due to sail for Japan via Korea Tuesday with Ward and 19 others composing the Mukden consular staff and Talking to the bearded consul general disclosed there actually was an altercation in the Mukden as the Communists but it was far from the way the Reds told Admits Altercation He and four consular employes were convicted by the Communist peoples court of assaulting two Chinese in a quarrel over sever ance pay for one of them who had worked for the Ward said the of two men and a acted as judge and The defendants were not allowed counsel to Here is Wards which he was not able to get before the court A Chinese Chi Yu resigned but pro tested that the salary due him for nine working plutf two mgnths severance was insuf in Storeroom On Ward found Chi hid ing in a After some trouble over his re fusal to in what Ward called pure ran over and banged his own head twice against the iron stair Thats the only injury I saw The former president told the national reorganization conference hat while economists say taxation Deyond 25 of national income Slings federal and local taxes now eat up far more than We must conserve our strength and stop wasting our heritage if we are to survive as a free peo Hoover He offered a recipe for saving Urges Billion Saving He was at a several hundred members of the citizens committee for the Hoover It is a non nonpartisan group or ganized to win congress approval the recommendations made by the 12member Hoover commission last Greyhaired but ruddy and vig orous at Hoover gave the com mittee an eightpoint program of most urgent objectives in fed eral This list he could save and provide more efficient service to the Hits Red Tape Heading his priority list was a nonpolitical civil He urged that hiring and firing be done by the agencies them and went on At Red Tape himself dwells in the civil service of The result is an accumulation of waste and discouragement of good Second in priority was budget and accounting reform The ghost of Alexander Hamilton still wan ders in oiir fiscal I doubt whether more than 15 men in the can make head or tail of the words and sums in the present federal Revamp Postal Service His list continued Third Reorganization of the post and its removal from Fourth Unification of federal hospital The Hoover study found that the government had beds for patients sJid was using only of Yet congress had approved to provide more Harry S Truman can celed onefourth of that outlay congress put it of water con servation Hoover said the Corps of Engineers and the Reclamation Service du plicate and porkbar rel floats in those Land Management Unity of land man The Interior and Agri culture departments compete and in the each maintains a staff in almost every Seventh Unification of trans portation We should give the people one central agency to go for the Sixtyfive agencies clamor for the presidents The confused au thorities form great barnacles on the ship of In executive congress should be con tent to be the board of directors with agencies of inspection anc audit to see that their decisions are properly inflicted on said him at any He denied striking the Chnese at any Ships Salute King 12 Reutsrs British and United States warships fired R 21gun royal salute here Monday to mark the 13th anniversary of the ascen si on of King George VI to the Chicago Court That judgment was handed down by District Judge Elwyn Shaw at Chicago last He leld the entire act unconstitu He said congress had no right to include a local option provision which allows states or communities to remove federal rent His decision never had any prac tical It was suspended lending the outcome of a govern ment appeal to the supreme Since he six other district courts have held that the act is The supreme court noted that t based its reasoning on a pre vious handed down Feb ruary It involved an at tack on the control act of 1947 which delegated to the hous jig expediter the power to lift controls in any area where he Eound they were not longer Cites Previous Ruling The court held in that case that the act did not involve a grant of unbridled administrative dis It said the standards prescribed pass muster under our That earlier opinion was writ ten by Justice William who took no part Jn ac He is still recuperating from injuries he suffered in a riding accident on Judge Shaw had taken note of the earlier case and ruled that the two were not He said the 1947 act set up guides for the housing but that the 1949 act does not establish guides for states or District Court Position As far as congress is con cerned it has attempted to leave the matter entirely open to arbi See Page Column 1 HOOVER PLAN Truman Lists Saving Drive 12 UP Harry S Truman Monday promised a twoway campaign next year to put over the Hoover reorganization commissions pro posals for better government at less His program will include addi tional reorganization plans for con gress to consider and improved operating practices within agen cies of the president Truman made his pledge in a message from his Key West vacation retreat to a mset ing of a citizens committee push ing the government reforms ad vocated by the special commission headed by former Herbert C The twoway conference openec with a series of speeches by citi zens from all walks of life on the need for economy and efficiency in the expanding federal sliced into an Eastern TOLL OF FOUR Boats Rescue 19 as Plane Hits Potomac 12 Capital airliner groping for Na tional airport in a pea soup tog crashed into the Potomac river Monday night and authorities an nounced that three or four persons were presumed At least 19 many of them seriously were rescued from midriver by navy and air force crash boats speeding through water in the The wrecked craft had been ound from to Washington via carrying mostly navy and army men on Christmas Trapped In Craft Capital airlines announced shortly after midnight that the pilot and copilot of the craft were believed trapped in the sub merged They were and both of Alex Air force authorities said that at least one might be in the The only surviving member of the crew was John flight of Photographers who joined tht rescue parties reported that two presumably those of the could be seen in the front end of the smashed under the glare of Salvage Goes Oa Although it was announced at one time that salvage operations were being discontinued until day later it was made plain that they would Workers were cutting through the side of the plane in an effort to bring out the No torches were being used on the possibility that someone might still be alive in the wreckage of the which was partly above The tide was beginning to rise and water was rising higher on the planes the confusion and murk of one of Washingtons most foggy nights reports circulated that seven persons were trapped in the all Radio The plane circled the field for an hour trying to get in by radar and But some time before the all contact with the ground by means of these devices was The plane hit the water about in about half way be tween National airport and the eir forces Belling The spot was not far from where 55 persons lost their lives early in November as a surplus air force fighter flown by a FIVE MILLION GET HELP Needy Exact Billion in Year 12 government official said Monday that more than needy Americans we now receiving pub lic assistance at a cost of nearly a John acting fed eral security cited the figures in testimony at the opening of a 10day congressional inquiry into problems of the na tions lowincome Thurston said the federal gov ernment provides about half of the while the other half comes from state and socai community Low Income Drag Public assistance grants to the needy are distinct from the old age insurance system of social Persons in the latter system contribute through taxes and draw the benefits without re gard to Referring to the size of the exj penditure on public Thurston told the lawmakers This is to some people an astonishing consider ing the fact that we have had full or practically full employment for the past seven or eight It is not at all in relation to the large number of families with no earner or with a lowincome and in view of the inadequacies of our social insurance Backs Health Plan Thurston urged UL uic Truman administrations fair deal program for compulsory na tional health insurance federal aid to broadened social aid grants to states and expansion of public health serv Thurston drew expressions of surprise from some numbers of the joint senatehouse economic subcommittee when he told them that perhaps three children In every average classroom of 30 pupils in the United States are destined to spend part of their lives in a mental Mentally HI Total It is estimated that of the children now in school suffer from serious emo tional and he In his Thurston did not directly link mental illnesses in children to low income of he later told re porter The incidence of mental or emo tional maladjustment may be as high in rich children M in But If the child needs mantel help it costs and the poor fam ily is less able to afford treat ment
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