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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - December 6, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS If 15 Intermouniain Network KALL Thtouih WEATHER flair partly cloudy portioa M S 53 SALT JAKE TUESDAY DECEMBER 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS World Union Pact Asks Free Labor New AntiRed Body Hits Dictator Rule In London Meeting 5 charter calling for mutual assistance to free workers everywhere in resisting totali tarian infiltration and destruc tion was presented Monday to the new antiCommunist world labor The draft constitution followed the ideas expressed here by Walter president of the United Automobile of that the new confederation should go after Communist workers with an aggressive program to show them they can their bread and freedom A 53 Nations Attend It dedicates the new organiza to be called the International Confederation of Free Trade to a farreaching program of security and social and economic advancement for work ers the world A conference of 261 labor lead ers from 53 represent ing union has been in here for a week organizing the new confederation to oppose the Communistdomi nated World Federation of Trade Unions The WFTU claims to represent The new charter was laid before the organizational meeting Mon Spurs Start on Vast Air Raid Warning Network 5 WrVAn early start on a vast air raid warning network was promised Monday night by the air It said it has cancelled or curtailed other proj to raise for the first phase of the The radar system for the United States and Alaska was authorized at the last session of Its total cost has bsen estimated at of which represents existing Congress authorized for it stipulated that expenditures this year should not exceed and that the money for the initial phase should he obtained by diverting appropriations made for other air force Hoyt chief of did not disclose what other projects were cut A press officer the funds were obtained by a general allaround reprograming of air force covering all fields except procurement of aircraft and research and develop Although exact locations of the proposed radar stations were not the heaviest outlays at the start of the program will be in Other stations are expected to be located primarily in the northern The network will cooperate with a similar system in Back Democracy In broad outline the preamble proclaimed the right of workers to social to to free choice of to security in job and of person and to join trade unions which shall be free bargaining instruments and which derive their authority from their It also proclaimed the right of workers to democratic means of Changing their These it are foundations on which to build lasting and their denial is a threat to Aims laid down included full improved working higher standardsof development of the re sources of all freer ex change of elimina tion of forced labor everywhere and support of a world system of collective Ask Biennial Meet A salient clause stressed that free and democratic trade unions must promote the interests of working people throughout the undertake activities de signed to organize mutual assist ance to national federations of and help defend free unions from destruction and in filtration by totalitarian or other antilabor The charter proposed that the confederation meet every two years and be governed in the inter im by an executive board of 19 America would have one representative on the Asia and the Middle East Australia and New Zealand Britain Europe Latin America North America 4 and the West Indies The general secretary would be the 19th Adopted Report The conference adopted unani mously a report withholding cre dentials from Siamese and Domin ican delegates until further in Bernado Aquila of Chile said the Dominican republic was governed by a dictator who rigs A committee report said it was not satisfied that the 4JUST PLAIN WRONG Southern Operators Buck LewisRule 5 Southern coal producers asserted Monday they are standing were pushed at least for the time Joseph president of Southern Coal Producers onay Soutnern Coal roucers against any new contract which j declined to comment when would give John Lewis the asked by reporters whether such give power to tell them how to use their Lewis did just that by putting his hard and soft coal diggers back on a threeday work Southern producers were known to have considered shutting down their mines or going into court for an injunction to thwart Lewis from putting the threeday week into effect But those alternatives Work Force Helps Shape Truman Talk KEY 5 The working force moved into Harry S Trumans vacation headquarters Monday to help him lay the groundwork for an election year fight for the fair The men who do the rarely pub licized research and writing that form the basis for ultimate high level policy flew in to join the president and special council Clark Clifford in whip ping three important January mes sages into Top Policy Presidential assistant John one of the top policy brought down ammuni tion in the form of written sug gestions from of the cabinet and others for the state of the budget and eco nomic Administrative assistants Charles George Elsey and Donald the spade came down with their records and a lawyer who used to work on Capitol is thelegis lative expert whose views play a leading part in presidential mes sages and Signal for Work Presidential Press Charles Ross said their arrival would be the signal for more intensive work on the The presiidents state of the trade unions of Siam Thailand I union message will call for virtu ally everything in the Fair Deal end the Dominican republic were free and Labor attaches to the Argentine embassy distributed among dele gates a document attacking Candido De admitted to the congress as an Argentine labor that congress failed to enact this There will be a renewal of his request for repeal of the Taft Hartley act Passage of the civil rights proposals and expansion of the social security act also will be steps were in the Attorneys for the operators ad mit that Lewis miners are with in their legal in withhold ing their services except on Mon Tuesdays and If the operators want to lock them they can do Or if they want to try to produce coal with nonunion miners on Thurs Fridays and Saturdays they Russia Dissent Hints Arms Census Doom Ballot of 445 Feared Useless As Slavs Hit West NEW 5 United Nations assembly over whelmingly approved Monday a world census of ordinary and armed but bitter Soviet ob jections showed the Ruaiian bloc would not submit any The Russians tried vainly to have the move call for a count of atomic Refusal of Soviet bloc to cooperate makes it unlikely that any other especially the western will turn in their figures 445 Vote The assembly voted 44 to 5 Slav bloc for the census of weapons technically called conventional This would include anything from small arms such as pistols to the largest warships and but would not include atomic bombs or any other weap ons of mass The west argues such a census is the first step in setting up a scheme for arms The assembly batted down a Soviet resolution calling on coun tries to submit both information on armed forces and conventional armament and information on at omic The vote was 6 for the Soviet 39 againat and 9 absten Egypt voted with the Soviet bloc in favor of including atomic Fear Buss Army The assembly action approved once more a decision of commission for conventional arma it has no business deal Wdlace Held Responsible For Russia AShipment FDR Aid Denies Blast By Analyst on Radio By ASSOCIATED PMSS The man who insisted upon the shipment of atomic ta Russia during World War H was Henry former vice aaid radio commentator Fulton Lewis Monday But Wallace promptly called that the sheerest fabrication and an attempt to tarniah the name of Franklin Lewis brought Wallaces Into the picture aftar the house unAmerican activities committee had spent the day listening to George Racey former air But either move seemed ling with atomic weapons since the Atomic Energy commission was set up for that The Soviet bloc has contended Board Unwilling After a fourhour meeting of the Southern Producers board of Moody said we are not willing to negotiate on the use of our The board was unanimous in urging revisions in the welfare as it before it went in the elimination of the socalled able and willing1 clause in the old agreement and in other changes which mean mu tual obligations and responsibili ties on the part of both the union and the Moody Able and Willing Moody said the ciauae in the oid contract providing that miners work only when able and willing was originally intended to protect the union from damage suits arising from wildcat But Lewis has taken advantage of the contract Moody to call nationwide Condemning the threeday Moody said This new edict is a usurpation of the basic function of manage right of employers to operate their mines in accordance with sound business It Is a clear illustration of the rea sons why we do not intend to bow to which if con can only wreck th entire soal Want Spending Curb The southern pro ducing about onethird of the na tional soft coal agree with northern and western mine own ers that Lewis should set up cer tain restrictions on the spending of the vast royalties collected for the welfare and pension That now totals about a Those standards are a matter for but Lewis says we must continue the con tract the way it is now or not at Moody I dont think the trustees should have a blank check to spend this I think stand ards should be established before that it is useless to count conven tional armaments without includ ing atomic The Russians accused the west ern especially the United States and of rearming western Germany and preparing for a new France charged that the Rus sians were trying to trap the west ern powers into disarming while the Soviet builds a gigantic army unprecedented Compromise Favored For Holy City Rule LAKE 5 United States Monday denounced plans for the complete internationalization of Jerusalem as irresponsible and and welcomed a possible com promise solution placed before the United Nations by the Netherlands and The joint DutchSwedish pro posal would authorize the appoint ment of a high commission er to protect the shrine of three faiths and supervise demilitariza tion of the Holy but leave most of it under the control of Israel and whose troops now occupy Ship Ready to Embark Ward Party TOKYO Tuesday 5 UP Ward had been a virtual prison American steamship Lake land Victory leaves Kobe ready to embark United States Consul General Angus Ward and his party if the Commu nists keep their promise to send them to The Lakeland owned by Pacific Far East Steamship will go to Taku Bar off Tientsin in northern China and there will await the arrival of Ward and his party from In order to accommodate the 18 persons in the Ward party the Lakeland Victory arranged spncinl and planned to embark a doctor at It was here tnat the etaU department in Washington bad wirelessed instructions to the Pacific Far East offices here to be ptepued to embark the Ward er in his consulate in Mukden for a On 24 this year Ward and four of his aids were charged with assault on a Chinese employe of the They were given formal prison sen tences but were freed 22 and ordered The Communists have set a deadline for Ward and his aids to get out of It is 8 Wednesday local The entire party is to be brought to Japan or to southern it is by the Lakeland Victory or another vessel and then will be flown The tinal de cision probably will be made after Ward gets Douglas Mac Arthurspub lic information office allocated space in the Lakeland Victory to 15 American after a fepfeeeiUative ot tbe stoips owners said the government was taking it over for this Their departure will two Americans Communist prisoners in China and two held in the Com munist area of northern Chief Electricians Mate William U S Long and Marine Elmer and made a forced landing in the Tsingtao area near Tientsin Oct and have been held incommunicado by the tn northern Korea the Commu nists are holding Albert and Alfred advis ers lent to the south Korean re public by the Economic Coopera tion They were aboard the commercial vessel Kim ball Smith when the crew mutinied and took it to a north Korean Israeli Lashes Ruling TEL 5 UP David Ben Gurion served notice on the United Na tions Monday that Israel would never accept international control of His people would sacrifice themselves to keep their eternal Ben Gurion said in a strong statement on the status of Jerusalem at a packed session of the Israeli Decision Void We declare that Israel will not give up Jerusalem of its own free the premier Jewish Jerusalem will never accept for eign In our the decision of 29 is null and A subcommittee has adopted a resolution recommend ing that Jerusalem be interna Ben Gurion called Jerusalem the very heart of our Jews will sacrifice themselves for Jerusalem no less than Eng lishmen for Russians for Moscow and Americans for Wash he Doubts Action We do not admit for one minute that the United Nations will try to take Jerusalem by force from Government sources here voiced doubt that the resolution calling for the internationaliza tion of Jerusalem would get the necessary twothirds majority in the general Ben Gurion said Israel was ready to join in arrangements so that people of the various faiths might engage in their own re ligtoue practices la Principals in Atom Secret Investigation Now New iftrk business former George Bacey discloses recently that he saw Russians taking atomic data and uranium out of the ta chief Investigator of the house unAmerican activities testified Monday of three shipments of Adata to Russia In The jumplngoff site was In Johnson Orders Taut Rule Oii Secret Job Loyalty S CTPS Defense Secretary Louis John son set up taut loyalty rules which bar secret military work from any plant employing potential spies or Planst or employes termed un trustworthy under these rules will have the right to appeal to an in dustrial employment review board composed of John TV pro duction consultant with the muni tions and representatives of the navy and air The board will put firms or employes on a military security blacklist if any of the following charges have been proved against them Commission of acts of treason on Employment by or subject to the influence of a foreign govern ment under circumstances which may jeopardize the security of the United Active support or advocacy of the overthrow of the govern ment by force or Intentional disclosure of mili tary secrets without authority and with reasonable belief that it may be transmitted to a foreign gov Mental or emotional instabil Recent or current member ship in a group listed by the attor ney general as communist or The rules provided that military information be released to persons in the sixth category if they can demonstrate conclusively that national security will not be Johnsons directive said that contractors will not be approved for work involving access to mili tary secrets if any of their em ployes are found to be untrust Contractors or individual em ployes barred by the defense de partment personnel security board or military field agencies may ap peal within 30 days to the review The board will bold hear ings oh the In these hear ings the accused will be permitted to have to hear the charges against and to cross e government Of ficials Defy House In Red Query 5 Two United Electrical Workers officials who recently signed non Communist affidavits refused Monday to tell the house unAmer ican Activities committee wheth er they were over They were Julius gen eral secretarytreasurer of the and James direc tor of The was expelled from the CIO several weeks ago as a Com munistdominated Emspak was described by the house com mittee last year as a He testified Monday it was none of the committees business 1 whom he associated 2 whom he knew or 3 what Ms political beliefs Recalling that he recently filed a nonCommunist a com mittee attorney asked Are you a member of the Communist party The affidavit speaks for Emspak The TaftHartley act requires that nonCommunist affidavits be filedby officials of unions which wish to use the machinery of the National Labor Relations Matles protested that the whole matter had been gone into previ ously by the house Re fusing to give direct replies to questions about previous party af he said I am trying to save some taxpayers force Jordan had linked the name of the late Harry Hopkins with mys terious shipments aboard lend leaae planes en route through a Montana airbase during the Previous Story He not only repeated a previous story that atomic materials went to Russia but also said maps of the Panama canal were sent out by the Hopkins was wartime lend lease chief and advisor to Roose velt formerly an told of seeing mysterious ship ments aboard Russianbound lend lease planes while he was on duty at Great Mont He also told of seeing the Russians sending maps of the Panama canal out of this The touched off by a Friday night broadcast by Jordan on Lewis radio broad ened in its Brien McMahon chairman of the joint senatehouse committee on atomic has tened back to Washington to join in the Committee members had agreed with he that It wes necessary to de velop all of the Speed Things Up in Unking the name of Harry Hopkins with said Hopkins Me had ship once telephoned him to weed Up thing during But James a White House committee with Move to Forestall Violence by Fanatical Sect 5 than 100 heavily armed police moved into Doukhobor country Monday Bight to a feared wave of violence by the fanatical feet who turn to arson and dynamiting when Some 50 Royal Canadian mounted police and 50 special deputies were spreading out over a 100uquaremile area where acts of violence have shown a drastic increase in the past few All Canadian PacifC trains in this area were moving at half with special advance guards patrolling the right of Cars with three to five men carrying torches moved ahead of the CPR The railroad said it was forced to take such precautions C P trains had been a special target for dynamiting attacks by the Doukhobora in past Special precautions were ordered after the home of John leader of 5000 radical Sons of one of three of daitroyedby who worked on lendlease policy expressed belief Hopkins record was as clean as tooth in supervising American aid to a wartime And Louis chief in vestigator for the house unAmeri can activities said he had no information that Hopkins was connected in any way with the A David said in Los Angeles Jordans story was completely Wartime Records The State department said war time records indicated four export licenses were not by but by the then separate lend lease for shipment of at omic materials to These contended Man fred general counsel Chematar exporting firm of New consisted only of im pure uranium and that no White House intervention or pressure was obtained or indeed In connecting Henry Wallace with the Commentator Lewis said the former vice presi dent had overruled Leslie Groves in having the atomic materials forwarded to Groves at the time was heading the thensecret atomic bomb pro Economic Warfare But Wallace said that the board of economic which he had absolutely nothing to do with any shipments to the Soviet Groves said I wasnt re sponsible for the shipping of any material to and com mented that a reasonable amount of considerable was used commercially before the war broke As the United States edgily looked into just what Russia got in the way of atomic materials in the British stopped work on their largest atomic It was indicated this might be because she anticipated a greater exchange of atomic information with the United The State department said only that exploratory talks looking to a possible revision of atomic ex change relations among the Canada and Britain are still going EUROPES LARGEST Britons Laud First Test Of Cyclotron 5 Brit ains new style called a cycletron for atomic energy research has been operated suc cessfully in its first full the ministry of supply announced Mon day The new which had been under construction at Har well Tesearchl station for three is the largest in Successful results were obtained with it sooner than the supply ministry Atomic Piles In the house of before the Supply Minister George Strauss told a questioner that Britain now has two atomic piles He refused to say whether Britain has an atomic bomb of its Home James Chuter said in a speedi 75 la ventional bombs could that allied bl many in five years of bombing raids But proper should prevent a very high proportion of the that would other wise occur in any Abomb attack in he Corapartooa Addressing the City of London Defense committee the home sec retary said total damage to target areas in caused by high explosives and incendiaries during the last war would be equalled it is estimated by about 75 atomic The he re ferred to destruction and not casu alties and he added regarding the wartime bombing that Of course it was spread over a long But in comparing tbe relative deadliness of atomic ordinary Chuter Ede said thai two allied raids the war were of atomic bomb destructive Soviet Celebrates Constitution 5 celebrated Monday a joyous holi Constitution a Tass dispatch The occasion was the JStli anni versary of the adoption of the pres ent Soviet Tass added Everywhere were pictures of Comrade creator of the most democratic eoostiUrttai Jn the 250 Walk Out At Oak Ridge OAK 300 workers building a new plant which will produce uranium235 for atomic walked off the job Monday pro testing the use of nonunion labor on OakRidge project Gordon assistant to the manager of the Atomic commission at Oak said the surprise walkout would inter rupt the construction schedule on the high priority proj Vint Walkout The work stoppage was tbe first actual walkout to affect major Oak Ridge atomic operations al though several have been threat Harry S Truman in voked the national emergency clauses of the TaftHartley law to prevent one truck driven and operating engineers stopped work without warning on the third gaseous diffusion plant which will make an important ingredient for atom A fourth unit waft to be started Union officiate who could be reached either refused to or they disclaimed responsibility for the AFLSpetrfcMHto Molesworth said the em gaged in laying gas lines from tbe projected K28 plant to a mala line under gave neith er warning nor reason for tbe It was that they objected to employment nonunion labor by tbe which hsu a tract with tbe JWt Natural 3M WW B
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