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Salt Lake Tribune: Friday, December 2, 1949 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - December 2, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                RADIO NEWS Intermountain Network Station KALL Mondiy Ttuoifh Friday WEATHER vartebto Ugh north Details M 49 SALT LAKE FRIDAY DECEMBER 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Pact Gives Bombing Role 11 Other Nations Draw Tasks In Atlantic Defense System 1 chiefs of the At lantic pact agreed unanimously Thursday night on a defense plan for western Europe which reportedly assigned the mission of intercontinental bombing to the United in case of Top civilian and military leaders of the 12 ap would VANCOUVER Wife Fight Flood 1 W Devastating floods forced United States Consul George An drews and his wife to wade hip deep in water to save personal goods from their North Vancouver home The swirling waters of the Sey mour a j t fed smashed through on that ther and insti a pouring tons of shall proved the which bring the combined strength of their armed forces into action if any one of them is A communique said the defense officials agreed also on the coordi nation of planning between vari ous regional groups an apparent indication that the fivenation western European union would be regarded as a subsidiary of the pact born of the wests cold war with Sound Warning In a clear warning to any would Andrew Mercy viewed AS peril to congress be the western offi cials cautioned that the Atlantic countries are determined sand and rock over the ornamental gardens of the consuls In last week ends The communique emphasized that the pact is and directed against no nation or peo NLRB Moves To Tighten Loyalty Oath and Mrs Andrews were rescued it added from their after accomplishments of the 1 the roadway was cut off bv the Atlantic treaty organization Thc government Thursday tight i demonstrate that the parties to i roadway boiling British Columbia Premier By ron Johnson at Victoria called on the army to render all possible as scores of civilians and army men Thursday night fought to halt floods in North and West Van suburbs on the north shore of Burrard Scores of families evacuated their homes in North Vancouver the treaty are deermined to unite their efforts in the defense of the north Atlantic area against ag Land Job Informed quarters said the con ference agreed that the immediate role of the United States in case of attack on any pact member would be strategic by and atom coastal Accepts West Blocs Peace Design NEW 1 conventional carrying Other countries would bsar the brunt of the land fighting until America can fuily mobilize her ground these wurces Informed quarters also said that the topsecret plan assigns the following missions to other coun tries Medium and short distance and antiaircraft defense Britain and the countries nearest to any future Conclave Ends Naval operations A coordi by the United Nations adopted a 12j Belgian and Dutch point western power declaration with each nation defending its own for peace Thursday and then re1 jected a Soviet peace plan calling the United States and Britain war The 59nation assembly voted 53 to five for the joint BritishUnited Stales resolution outlining 12 es sentials for The voting came Foreign Minister Andrei Land defense Thc initial ef fort to be furnished by west Eu ropean supplied largely with American weapons and rein forced by other pact nations as mobilization The meeting ended at and 40 minutes later Johnson and Omar chairman of chiefs of after Sovietthe joint v from Orly airfleld for viiii Washington to submit the defense I the insky shouted a denial of Yugoslav plan to Pres Harry S Truman and j fhnvonc thof thp Kvpmiin is intpr nf State Deaji Supersonic Jet Hop Claimed MUROC AIR 1 i ened its loyalty oath requirement for union leaders who seek fed eral help in labor The change may require an even greater number of union officers to file the nonCommunist affi Under the TaftHartley a unions officers must file loyalty pledges with the National Labor Relations board before the union can get help from the This aid includes the right to compel an employer to deal with a Constitution Listings Up to the NLRB has re quired only officers Hsted in a unions constitution to the pledges disclaiming Thursday the NLRB an nounced it is changing its rules on After it it may require the nonCommunist oaths from officers whose jobs are not mentioned in a union consti The board said the change is to prevent any union from trying to evade the oathfiling requirement by simply not listing a responsi ble officials job in a union con Precedent Established Whenever the board suspects that may be the it will order an If the investiga tion confirms the the union officials will be asked to file the If they arent union cant get any NLRB charges that the Kremlin is inter o fering with One of the listed essentials for peace calls for keeping hands off other coun tries Sails Friday Vishinsky sails for home Friday on the British liner Maurentania after seeing the defeat of the A precedent already had been set for Thursdays Last Donald Henderson re signed as president of the CIOs left wing Tobacco and Agri cultural Workers Another man was installed as acting presi and a new not mentioned in the unions constitu created for Real Union Bow peace plan he laid before the asj Pilot Eugene May sembly flew the navys Douglas Skyrocket His pet the keynote of at a speed probably faster than Russian policy in this that of sound was defeated in a scries of There no speed figures rej to show why he shouldnt be ing It was a move to j but observers said it to file a nonCommunist The suspecting Hen derson still was the unions real ordered a hearing for him Brand the United States and I peared that May might have been Britain as leaders in preparation i poing between 700 and 800 The speed of sound varies between 660 and 761 depending on and altitude above for a new Outlaw atomic Asks Hands Off Have the United China and France sign a new peace pact with the temperature sea The worid airplane speed record is 670 set by an F86 jet Soviet fighter veteran test flyer for two pledge There was no because Henderson promptly filed an There are about such non Communist affidavits from union officers now on file with the These include officers of 194 national and international Thursdays rule change has only to do with filing noth full ing to do with their The iNLRB says the Justice depart The western power peace outline Douglas Aircraft made calls on all nations to refrain from j jet flights and one with threats or force other rorket power On the or from stirring up civil j rocket flight he whipped across i ment is the proper agency to in strife or otherwise interferingwith seven miles of the Muroc dry lake whether a union official the integrity of any i bed at not above 30 feel from the really is a even It demands settlement of inter1 though he swears he isnt national disputes by peaceful and cooperation to late both atomic and nonatomic i It is a general restatement of provisions of the United Nations j which all members are pledged to Slap at RUSR Military Preparing to Drop 8000 From Reserve Rolls The resolution largely a reaffirmation of principles already in the but it was regarded as a direct slap at the Communists in the light of the j charges brought against Russia in j the assembly Several points apply directly to acts such as the cominforms threats against Premier Marshal Tito and Russias alleged direct intervention in the Chinese civil The top diplomats thim went back to Lake Success and sat down in a political committee meeting to debate Nationalist Chinas apparently that the denounce Russia directly for help ing Chinese Communists overrun 1 The navy and air force will tut at least 8000 reserve officers from their active duty rolls in the next few it was disclosed Announcement of sharp officer corps cutbacks by all three services came as the army began releasing its postwar nine months ahead of Both movea arc part of the economy drive ordered by of Defense Louis The army reported that 1300 of its reserve officers have been notified that their tours of active duty will by and another 2800 will be released by next March The air force said about 3000 reserve officers will be dropped and an additional 2500 will be given the option of leaving the service or going on nonflying status with lower The navy it has notified 950 reserve officers they will bp released during the next few months unless they art willing to on M MMtUd Garsson Lose in Bid For Clemency Judge Rebukes Backs TwoYear Term for Bribery 1 UP Andrew May and the munitionmak ing Garsson Henry and were denied clemency Thursday and ordered to begin serving 8to21month prison terms for wartime Judge Henry Schwein who originally sentenced the trio in turned his back on their pleas for mercy in a tense and emotional courtroom Singling out the May in he said the j wartime chairman of the house i military affairs committee had broken his public Sees Congress Stain I can not believe that the public interest would properly be served by committing these three men to the The public has a stake in this The integrity of the national congress is whose Warren Magee described the discredited congressman as a pen niless old man unable to appear in was ordered taken to the federal penitentiary at on He was at his home Thurs The Garssons were ordered to prison immediately and mar shals hustled them off to tempo rary cells In the District of Co lumbia Tearful The 51yearold Murray pleaded tearfully with the judge to let him serve double time so the part ly 86yearold Henry could go But the court ordered Henry committed to the federal prison at where he can receive hospital Murrays prison will be chosen The three men have a but apparently recourse a presidential Mays at torney said he would ask tat and a similar appeal was expected from the They already are circulating pardon in site of most of their May and the brothers were con victed in a scheme whereby May received in bribes for us ing his congressional influence to swing war contracts to Garsson munitions firm that began with a letterhead and mush roomed into a enter May was not accused of receiv ing the money but the government charged the Garrsone See Page Column 5 Yugos Launch Trial of 10 Russia Spies By ALEX SINGLETON 1 Russians accused of spy ing for the Soviet Union went on trial Thursday in a gray stone dis trict court building a few blocks from the bridge where the assassi nation of Austrian Archduke Fer dinand set off World War A dozen had been indicted in this Yugoslav blow against Cominform activities within but the court announced one commit ted suicide Wednesday and another is The group has been under ar rest more than four A score of others also have been de Hangs Self Ladislav the court i wrote a note denying guilt I and hanged himself in his The 1 note was quoted as saying that all Nekhlyudovs activities had I carried out as a Russian The prosecution said he had turned over espionage reports to Pavle secretary of the Soviet embassy in All the defendants were accused of collecting information in one of Yugoslavias six federated and passing it on to Russia through the Sarajevo is Bosnias RUSH Hit Move The acussed include a middle aged woman Komad and a black robed Orthodox They sat on a row of guarded by armed Reading of the indictment took up the morning The court then recessed until The hearing is to last four or five arbitrary rule and brutal repressions are among phrases used by Moscow in a barrage of notes on the Russia accused Yugoslavia of srresting Russian nationaln unlawfully endanger ing their hrei through mietreat Lewis Cancels Calls ThreeDay Week Return Monday Quits OneContract Aim NEW 1 Lewii called off t full scale strike by the nationa soft coal miners Thursday and put them on a threeday work week The threeday work effective next also will apply to most of the hard coal miners who have working a fiveday Abandoning his fight for BS t the mina Steelman Sees Long Labor Peace Ahead Days Work Beat None John Lewis order canceling nationwide cool strike and sending to pits on threeday work week elicits a jubilant smite from Joe a coal miner who had faced a paychecklesa Christmas when TJ M W threeweek truce COME SANTA DebtCrusted Miners Hail Half a Loaf Work Week Cleghorn Coal and Frankle about a tipple em Clefhorn said a group of about 100 traveling in motor cara van of 30 automobiles arrived at his operation which employs SO In an ensuing the mine owner and Matthews were Although miners were happy to get the extra work in before many found themselves in the game fix as one digger who said Even if it wernt for wed still be in a I could work from now until the end of April and never draw a cent over five dollars a Thats how much I owe the company 1 Hardpressed striking coal miners who faced a bleak Christmas with out paychecks cheered Thursday at John Lewis order tor a three day work There days works better thw happily grinned veteran digger Joe Mehok of That about summed up sentiment of the miners who only Wednes day resigned themselves to yule holiday without much Santa The short work week also will apply to the eastern Penn sylvania anthracite miners and UMW members east of the Mississippi not affected by a previous threeday leld Single Contract At the same time Lewis said the UMW will seek separate con tracts with the operators instead of a national The coal operators took a dim view of the Lewis The threeday week is inhuman and it is wrong declared George spokesman for the operators negotiation committee of the na tional bituminous wage president of Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal said in a statement Report Violence This move or any other manue ver by Lewis does not change the basic fact in our present con which is that no opera tor can afford to increase the cost of coal when the coal industry is in the midst of the present intense battle for its Thursdays brief coal will actually last two days since Arrested in 1948 Saturday is an optional work day and Sunday the mines are even brought some A nonunion strip mine operator and one of his workmen here re ported beaten at Lost about six miles from Carks Treated by a physician for head KET 1 UP presidential assistant Thursday night hailed John Lewis decision to break off the new coal strike as a pos sible forerunner of a long period of Industrial Steelman cautioned that he does not regard the mine workers boss action as anything more than a truce but at the same time said it was an Indication that a settle ment in the coal disputs will be reached without another Expects Industrial Peace Do you expect industrial peace for any length of a reporter asked Harry S Trumans top labor Steelman I think I hope well have industrial peace for a long Steelman confirmed that Truman had a pretty good idea Taylor Arrest Just Counsel Avers 1 UP Birminghams segregation ordinance was not an issue in the conviction of Glen Taylor last an assistant city attorney said It was clearly a routine derly conduct Thomas Huey told the Alabama court of appeals and was so treated in the lower Huey saifl Taylors attorneys had no grounds for trying to in ject the constitutionality of the segregation ordinance in the The Idaho senator was arrested May while trying to enter a door reserved for Negroes at a meeting of the Southern Youth Taylor was fined and given a suspended sentence of 180 days police On court upheld the for two or three days that the would ena on the terms an nounced Thursday by Asked whether Truman him waa ratified by the Steelman said that it was all Urges Final Decision But I would like to hear come of thess days that the whole thing is Steelman I didnt hear that He added that invocation of TaftHartley law has never been in the picture in the miners de cision to call off the walkout less than 12 hours after it Truman said two weeks ago he would not hesitate to use the whicn provides an in junction against strikes imperil ing the national if it be came Getting Together Steelman said that on the basis of information from Cyrus federal and some of the coal the union and management were getting nearer to Some of the operators send me Steelman that they are closer than they tionwide union chief announced that the work will continue until individual coal companies sign Jubilant The action Thursday came in the form of a resolution was approved by Lewis JOOman policy Meetings of the committee had been postponed daily this week by Lewis while he developed his Lewis gave no reason for the policy The resolution speaks for it and there will be no amplifi he Reactions to the IIMW mow were prompt and Soft coal who walked off their jobs when a threeweek strike truce expired last mid were The cheer less prospect of a Christmas with out paychecks was Mine operators were Some said Lewis was trying to split the industrys hitherto solid One called his action in human and Stocks Sou On the New stock ex prices rose from a few cents to a top of more than a share with news that the strike was There was no great enthusiasm in eastern Pennsylvanias hart coal Miners theft now are working five days a The new policy will cut out of every in the mine workers Lewis and seUi were authorised to make tracts separately with Individual ate efforts to win Steelman said Thursday by the the decision United Mine workers policy committee elimi nated the necessity of any definite action by the would say nothing about the He left the talking 10 Steelman who said his understanding is that the miners and some of the opera tors arrived at some common ground of Before lunch the president worked on official papers to go back to the White House aboard a special courier He scheduled nothing Thursday night beyond a movie with his wife and Because of his advance informa the excitement of the new coal strike and its abrupt end left Truman out inunedi a nationwide The resolution said that the short production only Tuesday and and an irreducible minimum of maintenance work on the other days would be dropped as contracts are Lewis action brought comment from the The order is in human and it is said George who representa the operators negotiating corn See Page Column 1 Santa Not Tots Assured 1 Claus went on the radio Thursday night to iaugh off the report that John Lewis had mortally wounded The chuckling speaking from the North Pole over said John just missed He promised to be on M always Christmas The broadcast was arranged to dispel worried kids who had heard NBC commentator Paul Long in Pittsburgh say Wednesday night that John Lewis just shot Santa It was Longs way of NBC that it would be a bleak Christmas for miners because of the coal In a dozen youngsters called the SunTimes and say it isnt The newspaper quieted their NBC said it also heard from kids in other parts of the owner and operator of the Winnie Raps Out Rugged Roll I On Kettledrum 1 Churchill demon strated Thursday that he could still beat a martial roll on the He was paying his 10th suc cessive annual visit to his old He joined the old school then took a walk through the classrooms where he had sat nearly 60 years who was 75 went up to boys playing the borrowed the sticks and beat a martisl He ssked a young musician if he was nervous while When the boy replied No Churchill said I was always nervous but my ambition waa to become good He went to Birmingham to make a speech while a candidate for vice president on the Progressive party Huey answered allegations in the brief filed by Taylors attor who did not appear Thurs that Birmingham police had no right to keep the senator from using the Negro entrance and that the segregation ordinance violates the 14th constitutional amend Taylor Called Aggressor All the witnesses testified that Senator Taylor was the The assistant city attorney said Taylor acted like a rowdy then tried to claim he was not shown amenities that should have been accorded a The question of whether the seg regation ordinance was he was not material since the defendant deliberately assaulted la police officer who was merely carrying out Huey said because Taylor was a senator his case attracted I CHARGES PREPAID Little Girl Asks for Prayers Of Readers to Save Hand 1 The future looked dreadful to a farm so she scrawled her troubles to the pub lic I want those who may read this letter to pray that 1 may not lose my and that I may ioon completely Betty Marbury of penned her childish letter to the Memphis Commercial Ap peal I am now undergoing Xray treatments at the Babtist hospital in Memphis for an infection of my right My erector says he fears that he will have to ampu tate my hand to stop the infec more attention than usual but that She said she knows the Lord his sentence was in line with will answer Please pub others for the same llsh thii letter for and II thws are charges let my father Clay Marbury at BrownsviJle the ousy world isnt so The response began to pour in from throughout this area soon after the paper pubHshtd the letter Thursday night the jcayed in an editorial it said O who healed toper and raised up Lazarus from the and protect this gentle Note to Betty The charges for publishing your letter were long ago and far away on the hill called The Brownsville Baptist church planned to offer special prayers The pretty child had what her doctor called a maUgaaM II   

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