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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - November 29, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS taUruiountain Network Station KALL Monday Throuth Friday WEATHER Mostly cooler Tuesday and OB tS 46 SALT LAKE TUESDAY NOVEMBER PRICE FIVE CENTS Pacific Storm Leaves 27 Dead 1 Lost Northern Washington Receives Brunt Of Damaging ri i AEG Details Arco Goal 28 j Mudgrimed crews still held thei upper hand Monday night in a battle against flood and tide on the lower Skagit river in north west Ceaseless sandbagging of saturated dikes continued in All efforts were concentrated fci that Elsewhere the Pa cific northwest shook off the ef fects of a violent weekend storm that left 27 dead and one Seven hundred volunteers and soldiers worked in relays around the clock along the two forks which split the Skagits mouth as it empties into Puget They bolstered the dikes with eandbags during the Situation Under Control Before high tide at Mayor Bryant of Stanwood said he had been told by army engineers that the situation is under control for the Stan wood is one of several small cities l in the endangered triangular Most of the weakened levees held when a 13foot tide at midday backed up the Skagits flood waters as they piled into the The smaller midnight tide of seven feet was not expected to strain the barriers to the breaking Two breakthroughs inundated several thousand acres of rich farm land within the triangle and washed out a halfmile section of the Great Northern railways main Flooding Erased As the river dropped Monday the flooding eased and re pairs were started on the five towns isolated Sunday began digging out of the silt and gravel deposited by the rampaging The furious storm claimed 19 lives in British Late Monday divers found the bodies of five persons whose taxicab plunged into Puget sound at Port 55 miles west of Nanaimo on Van couver island Saturday The high wind swept across east ern Washington and north Idaho Sunday night and gradually lost its wallop as it veered north to Damage in Millions But in its wake was property damage estimated in the millions of Washington par ticularly the Skagit was hardest Frantic crews of 3i0 to 500 men worked in a downpour throughout the piling sandbags on bulg Water surged at the top of the j A second American merchant ship wnen reached deep water stopped 26jfoot dikes at 5 and be and signaled pursuing gan dropping gradually a few j age Statedj warship were He kept hours But the army nnn r J navy rescue workers and volun Lilienthal Counters Blast Nuclear Furnace Holds Hope of Cheap Power Hints Senator Bared Bomb Secret Floods Rage at Coast Area in Wake of Gale Pounding flood waters unleashed by Pacific storm kill 27 and rip at property in workers cross rails left suspended by waters coursing through where tor rents menace officer in directs traffic along canallike streets in west of while in wanhed oirt wade behind farmer to dry Second Merchant Ship Shelled by Chinese Guns 1C UUt 1ICLU come and I The Skagit river empties into he the sound at two places at its head Six crew members drowned Sat urday when the tug George Mc Gregor capsized in high seas off announced it will imi therefore we went ahead Anchored across Woosung I1830 Shanghai cargo vessel Sir John j NO personnel in nn Ainnrl f1 if time f i fOrl I Woosung is below Franklin radioed that it was fired j at by two Nationalist ships and j th hit 12 times during an hourlong barrage at close All aboard escaped Protest Ignored The which occurred at Vancouver Three persons drowned near Kamloops when their auto skidded off moutn of lhe Yangtse river bee rage column 4 I was the second within two weeks i on an American ship in that Both vessels are operated by the Isbrandtsen line of New which runs a roundtheworld The one involved in the earlier Red Vanguard In Chungking HONG KONP Tuesdav Nov iincidcnt was the Flying It HONG Nationaiist war 29 vanguard of Chinese snps on yov Communist troops entered the sub A state department protest to nrbs of doomed Xaj the tottering Nationalist govern tionalist during the as Nationalist officials rushed to ment on that incident has brought no The United States has refused to recognize the Na tionalist order closing major Com munistheld ports in China to in ternational advices reaching Hong said Reliable business sources in con tact with the capital said fast moving Communists had thrust as far as the residential district on Relays Reports The Sir John involved in the second was en Truman Vacation StartsBut Hes Ready for Action KEY 28 weary Harry S Truman flew to this southern tip of the country Monday for his first real vacation in nine but a jangle from the wires and telephones at his el bow can send him back into Accompanied by Truman and their concert artist daugh the president made a fast trip down from Washington in his DC6 Inde They left the capital at EST and landed at the nearby Boca Chica naval 5790 VOTE 28 UP David Lilienthal of i the Atomic Energy implied Monday that Edwin committed a serious breach of secrecy by disclosing this country is work ing on a super He told a news conference that j Johnsons made on television broadcast in1 volved questions which cannot j be discussed without serious in volvement of national Refuses to Elaborate The AEC who hasj Ed Accused SELFSUPPLY effective re fused to state outright whether Johnson was correct in saying American scientists are working on a bomb 1000 times more pow rful than those used against But he made it plain that John as a member of the congres sional atomic energy has been privy to secret data on weapons and was in a position to know what he was talking Johnson he had no com ment at all on Lilienthals re He had previously denied that he gave out any information that was not already public prop Lilienthals statement was the second indication of toplevel ad ministration concern over John sons Tells Bomb Tests Harry S Truman last week summoned Howard MeGrath to the White House and ordered him to crack down on indiscreet congressmen and others who talk too much about atomic Informed sources said Tru mans unusual order stemmed from Johnsons Johnson also told the television audience thai the new model atomic bombs tested at Eniwetok island last year are six times more powerful than those used on and that the United States has made progress on a device to intercept enemy Abombs before they can reach their tar Johnson struck back at the ad ministration over the week end jby charging that Lilienthal ant i other high officials are engaged in a nefarious plot to give away bomb secrets to Britain and Three Power Talks Sailors Union On Pacific Accepts Pact SAN 28 San Francisco headquarters branch of the Sailors Union of the atomic working agreement be He referred to toplevel resumed here on a new Pacific voted 5790 Monday to accept a new contract with the Pacific Maritime twecn the three A reporter asked Lilienthal if it is Johnson of divulging secrets Uranium Blast Kills Berlin Claims 28 an antiCommunist Ber lin said with out citing any that more than 2000 miners were killed Thursday in a fire and explosion in a uranium mine in the Soviet occupation Allied intelligence authorities said they put little credence in the The Sovietcontrolled ADN news agency said an acci dent had occurred in the 28 atomic energy com mission disclosed Monday it is building a experimental nuclear furnace that may usher in the long dreamed of era when atomic power will be cheap and plentiful enough to light cities and drive the wheels of The new breeder already under construction near is designed to produce more fissionable fuel than it con Commission Chairman David Lilienthal hailed it as the most important advance ever made in the peacetime application of atomic Answers Russ Propaganda The commission also reported progress in three other reactor development projects aimed at harnessing the awesome force at the atoms nucleus for something more constructive than a big ex Officials indicated the progress report was intended in part to answer Russian propaganda claims that the Soviet Union is using its recentlyacquired atomic explo sives for such peaceful work as moving mountains and diverting Designed M Chicago American scientists have scoffed at Russias But physicists here said the commissions report indicates the atomic pro gram really is making headway toward finding a beneficial job j for the split The breeder reactor is being built at the vast new Arco atomic laboratory site by the Bechtel of San The reactor was and part of its delicate mechanism will Seen Aid To Uranium Czechoslovak ear the Vr o but said laboratory near Chicago Other meetings were held for is engaged in a nefarious f vntinpin nthpr nnrts i plot uiSCiOSe ScOrcuS to oritain the voting in other j pi1 expected early were exan pected to follow the lead Harry secretary of Lilienthal declined to answer di but said with a smile that the said the new agreenc expects soon to be disengaged ment would establish an employerj from government work paid welfare fund for an old I He said that in general he be sailorshome or pension payments heves Canada and the and would raise sailors pay S20 United States should cooperate a month under change in 41 con tract i that he did not mean that to The contract runs to apply to every specific with a wage reopening Spokesmen for the shipowners said the vote gave Pacific coast ports their first solid hope of a longterm peace in 15 Earlier this the P M A reached agreements with seven there were only 19 none Notes Second Mishap Monday mornings edition of The Telegraf sad about 400 miners were killed and that 300 others drowned in a mine at Annaberg several weeks An afternoon edition of The Telegraf said the mine employed about 5000 of whom 3000 worked It said that 300 miners escaped and that 968 bodies had been recovered by Fri day One must assume that from 2300 to 2500 miners lost their lives in the The Telegraf Faulty Cable The newspaper said that a cable in the mine caught fire and that the flames spread from one mine shaft to two others igniting a munitions bunker which blew The newspaper blamed the dis aster on completely inadequate technical installations and the ex ploitation of tha German worker carried out by the Wismuth for Soviet armament Uranium mines in the Soviet zone near the Czech border are owned by a Sovietcontrolled firm called the Wismuth Block Off Area The immediately the area was If it works as the scientists who designed it believe it the re actor will fulfill one of the most aensationali If not promises of atomic Never before in human history has an engine been designed to produce more fuel than it con Chain Reaction Result Here is how the breeder whose details are top is scheduled to do that fantastic trick In present nuclear the neutrons which are shot out of splitting nucleus are purposely slowed down by a moderate1 such This results in a chain reaction in controlled which the uranium 235 fuel is gradually Some of the neutrons meanwhile are absorbed by the ordinary uranium 238 which is present in the transmuting it into the new fissionable ele ment plutonium which is used in Amount Produced But the amount of plutonium produced in present reactors is always less than the amount of U235 used as The breeder reactor will not slow down the neutrons so and therefore is known as a fast ai ca wan i nff tw hd neutron More of the fly cornporatio7 Stalls ing will r Tiurn nf TT23S trans By FRANK CAREY Associated Press Science Reporter 28 Well be able to eat our atomic cake and have it too if the Atomic Energy Commissions projected experimental breeder is a suc The commission hopes the pro posed device will create more atomic material of the type used for bombs and peaceful uses than it consumes as fuel to keep Spark the Process Into the to spark tht breeding would go some precious fissionable stuff from which atomic energy comes along with a quantity of material which is not If the experiment works and the scientists who designed it on paper are confident that it will it will conceivably lead to full scale production breeders with these results Greatly easing the scarce supply situation on atomic mate bringing into play potential sources that have been tapped but little up to Relieving least the eco nomic problems confronting re searchers who hppe to develop atomic energy for industrial power in a practical Atomic Fuel That if a power plant could generate new atomic fuel in the same operation that heat for elec trical power was as the breeding system might it would be a mighty efficient oper Even if we were confronted with a war and the necessity for keeping our atomic bomb stockpile at a maximum breeding would conceivably assure maintenance of nonmilitary uses of atomic ener The ability to create atomic materials would perhaps assure de velopment of atomic energy ma chines for propelling ships and air craft even if disappointments are encountered in research now under Greater availability of atomic materials would allow repeated ef forts in the face of such set Forms of Uranium in atomic But he cautioned that he did not mean that to apply to every specific Cominf orm Set In Far East Early Monday evening the So viet news released j a contrasting report of the aitua tion which denied that a single the nuclei of U23S trans muting them into And conTrastmbgTeport has exhausted a given charge of inn which denied that a single U235 it will have produced To understand this breeding you have to recall that in ims if all goes when the furnace uranium exists in two One kind is called the hot stuff that can be used to amount of plu1 make The other kind is called The latter is 140 placed the number of injured at only 19 all of whom were said to One of the big hurdles in de have been overcome by gas fumes signing a fast neutron reactor has and to have been treated on the I been finding a way to carry off j spot by Dental TwVs made some of the extreme heat which rectlv as an atomic material be that a single victim had been rewill be generated in such an not times more prevalent in nature than is scarce U235 but unfor tunately it can not be used di cause its not See Page Column K working on coastwise vessels opj crVationo erating in the Pacific coast I J eastern cominform to support r An agreement with tne C J O at EST and landed International Longshoremens and in Warehousemens union has not Brit JOHNSON CONFIRMS INTENT air station at been ratified by either to the main business district A spokesman for the Young Her Warren A iui uie XUUIIK j Brothers Banking said the i of AnMeyonHud foirshrouded citv had N Y reports re to the state was An airplane pilot who left the Harding said the attack took place about 5 Monday Shang capital city at 4 said that time 4 A first some government officials were garbled message left some doubt still in Chungking but that the ias to the source of the last were due to leave by 10 The citys doom was sealed when Nationaiist leader Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek fled to 175 miles to the Mon Another arrival here said that all signs pointed to a peaceful turnover of the The Commu nists were expected to cross the Yangtze into the mnin part of but a subsequent one said Open Fire Passing over bar of the Yang tse received an order from a Chi nese destroyer escort to stop and Replied Cannot anchor shallow Board us Lewis Stalls Policy Session As Truce Deadline Nears NEW M Lewis called off a meeting of 200man policy committee Monday without giving any reas but a mine strike still threat ened when the present truce ex pires in 48 Lewis had called his big United Mine workers committee to New then failed to show up for the initial He remained in refusing to throw any light on his While certain government labor while under or accompany us i advisers were known to work to deep water anchorage and ing to bring about a resumption of direct contract Lewis gave no hint that he was then board the city in sampans and Two Chinese warships there stesm ferries that ply the i upon opened fire point blank seeing anybody in Washington or Earlier dispatches from Chung broadside 500 yards words elsewhere which would lead to king said the city was quiet hut garbled on Under constant I accompanied Truman on his vacation trip to Key Conciliation Director Cyrus Ching was in They have directed the behind ish official sources said i The broadcasts reported various declarations by Communist dele gates attending a Peking confer ence under auspices of the World Berlin Called New West Defense Line By DREW MTDDLETON 28 NYT Sec of Trade which j Of Defense Louis Johnson British officials long had suspected j Monday that the position aimed at intensifying Communist j of the western powers in F activity in southern integral part of thci Liu C o m m u n i s 11 fense Berlin their de Chinas spokesman at the confer was reported to have said Johnsons statement came in an swer to question at a press confer the Chinese people must givtheir ence The secretary of De iney nave uirccieu me oenma moral and material support to j fenge pajd a brief three and three activity toward bringthe fghters of the national liber quarter hour visit to Berlin ss part of his trip to and thej He was accompanied by John ing Lewis and the soft coal oper ators into contract The contract expired last June j ation rs i Indonesia Lewis agreed to an indefinite extension of the working condi tions of that The Peking broadcasts said the WFTU conference was setting up a permanent liaison bureau The policy committee was told and secretariat which British offi to stand by until 4 EST TucsJ cials believe will perform the functribute to the fortitude and may United States high com and Thomas sion British defense col1 Paris are asking is this How does legc the United States expect to defend He will fly to Paris Tuesday j western which now in night to participate later this eludes according to John week in the meeting of the 12 Monday agjunrt a chief of the European com defense ministers of the Atlantic meeting that is expected to determine the defense strategy of western The two statements made Mon day by the secretary of defense indicate to western observers here a gap between United States in tention toward defense of Europe and a means of making good on promises inherent in those inten on his Johnson paid the customary and the miners were advised that Lewis would attend the Tues day The union offered no explana tion for the sudden shift of pro but speculation began at once about the possibility of re tions of a far eastern j j the fine spirit of cooperation Communist reports from Burma help of the Deonle of When he was Does your policy consider our western Berlin position here an integral part of our defense Johnson answered The question answers said f after a week end in ma peoples front arrived in London Moni A moment later Johnson as thai a wholesale evacuation was barrage about an No warn in full ing shot across ving broken off by the Jails at Insein and j Exchequer Sir Stafford presidential i coal operators more than a month were said to on the lists j Defense Minister Alexander wat reported to have j of sorted there was no hedging and evasion as to our the United States present plans and inten tions not to rearm What experienced military ob jand an address at a secret aervere here and in London rescued more than 1000 political day night for conferences Tues including many Comjday with British Prime Minister munists and Iracie union Clement Chancellor of the minimum of 175 Soviet divisions without drawing upon man power If security is to be these observers point there arc two One ia to mobilize British and French armies thereby wrecking the delicately balanced economy of each The second is to permit a par controlled rearmament of western By these observers an army of five By controlled they mean that such an army would not have two key fighter bomber mipport and as an Integra part of its In case of these would be furnished by other of the western European defense force or by the United Assumptions that some western See Fftfe
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