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Salt Lake Tribune: Thursday, October 27, 1949 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - October 27, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                RADIO NEWS pm trittmoutftta Ketwwk StatfonlALL riMer filmiu WEATHER Partly cloudy DctaJfti H 13 SALT LAKE THURSDAY OCTOBER 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Europe Must Pay Way Or Lose ECA Hoffman Leaves With Billion Cut Threat for Nations 26 UP Hoffman left Wash ington Wednesday with a grave message for Europe Unless united and drastic recovery ef forts are a dissatisfied congress may refuse to vote next yearg Marshall plan bil Tom Connally chairman of the foreign relations demonstrated congress He forecast that European recovery funds will be cut by at least next Europe must work out her own Connally told a We cant carry indefinitely such a heavy burden of financial Consults With Truman Economic Cooperation Adminis trator Hoffman consulted with Harry S Truman before leav ing the capital for Montreal to deliver a speech before flying to At the White House he told reporters that ECA would like to see the Marshall plan nations go further and faster than they have gone in striking down trade Truman gave him a mes sage for he assurance that Americas great hope is a strong and prosperous Hoffman said he will wait until reaching Paris before deciding what he will tell Europes Mar shall But he gave this much of a hint they should do better in their efforts at mutual and must try to increase dol larearning exports to Economic Unions ECA officials said guardedly that his foremost hope is to per suade the 19 Marshall plan coun tries to form regional economic and monetary unions across Eu eliminating tariff and ex change barriers within those re As a second it was dis Hoffman will propose to the British the creation of an AngloAnierican council on mer The council would try to help boost British sales in the United talks about the recent Thechairman of the joint chiefs He Knows Congress Wants Aid Results Paul economic cooperation talks to White House reporters Wednesday after a conference with Harry S Truman on program for European West Deplores Russ Stand On ABomb LAKE 26 Four of the Big Five powers and Canada Wednesday blamed Rus SITUATION DIFFERENT Bradley Says Troops in Europe 26 The United States now has White House Move Pends In Steel Walkouts Truman Okelis Law Hiking Basic Wage Omar Bradley said Wednesday that in case of an at more commitments than ever be Bradley As far as tack we would have i being ready is our sit sia alone for the continuing eastalmost men of the juation is much different than 10 west deadlock on atomic energy navy and air force in Europe to years ago because of the North They told the United Nations as sembly the main block to agree ment is Russias position that her own national sovereignty comes before world Departing from the prepared It was disclosed that Russia has mjgnt find it expedient to rein refused to say anything in secret force these TT W tallfC oHmlt this a tnTYlip thereby increase Brit ains dollar advising British businessmen on American techniques of packaging and sales it was is pre pared to get tough in talking did not budge one inch in 11 con1 Tne nations military he ferences that the majority are planning imrne to the central council of the re covery the Organization for European Economic Coopera tion It will meet on Very Influential Friends one of the Marshall plans most influential friends in said talking tough is the right He added He should have done it explosion in the Soviet Both Sides Firm The United China and Canada told the assembly that the Soviet Union Atlantic charter and the mutual defense assistance Bradley reminded the 1500 na tional guard delegates that we arc not the sole possessor of the ability to produce an atomic ex Urges Preparedness We are forced to be prepared they must be ready to move overt defend if attempts seas quickly because war could i text of a speech to the national guard at its 71st national conven Bradley gave the figure on personnel in Europe and said we of staff told the militiamen that strike us Planning Retaliation to preserve the peace founder upon the obstacle of Soviet ambi Bradley told the guard to get working on a plan for quick action stand firmly on their plan for conjjate retaliation in to any in the event of He reminded trol of atomic and that the talks will continue among theour six In a ninepage memorandum submitted by the five not including with the formal records of the secret talks among those five and Rus the western power group said It is apparent that there is a aggressive blows against us delegates that under the At The forecast of a billiondollar fundamental difference not only Connally is his personal Ion methods but also on All guess on what congress will be iof the sponsoring powers other willing to do next jthan the USSR put world secu Hoffman was reported to be irity first and are prepared to ac innovations in traditional Export or Cripps Tells British Nation 26 economc bos to1 th nation lantic the first line of defense is in the heart of If war he the first troops to go overseas naturally will be those of the regular But those immediately follow ing will have to be obtained in large part from the reserve com he Put Up to Guard It is up to you members of the national to prepare yourselves to be ready for action j much more quickly than you have 26 Harry S Truman Wednesday signed a bill the minimum wage from 40 to 75c an hour and hailed it as a great victory his welfare The law becomes effective in 90 It was one of the major planks in Trumans labor plat form in his 1948 In a statement on the he estimated that it means a di rect wage increase ranging from 5 to 15c an hour for about 000 workers who now get less than the 75c A Major Victory The enactment of the fair labor standards amendments of 1949 is a major victory in our fight to promote the general welfare of the people of the United he He regretted that the new act exempts some workers now cov ered by the wagehour in stead of broadening the coverage as he he the improve ments made by the new act will go far toward achieving our basic purpose of assuring minimum la bor standards necessary for efficiency and general wellbeing of Truman said he was par ticularly gratified to sign the bill in this week marking the llth an niversary of the original fair labor standards act of Asks Broader Law The president signed the law at a ceremony attended by of Labor Maurice members of the senate labor committee and representatives of the the A the machinists union and the railroad Emil president of the textile workers union it a signal for renewing a campaign to raise the minimum wage to an hour and expanding its He said that state to pro tect workers not covered by fed eral also should be brought into Congress Limits BUI Neither Rieve nor Truman was happy about the specific ex emptions which congress wrote into the new nor a new defini tion for its application which may exempt thousands of The old law applies to workers who are necessary to produc tion in industries engaged in in terstate The new defi nition makes it apply to workers who are directly essential to suoh There was no estimate on how many workers it would re move from federal Auto Makers Set All Time High For Production 26 nations auto poised on the brink of imminent shut downs because of the steel and coal set a new alltime yearly production record Wards automotive statistical Biblu for the in said the ve hicle of 1949 rolled off an assem bly line smashing the annual output mark set 20 years Ford and the two largest led the indus try again this but the 25 day strike against Ford in May cut total 1949 turnout of to a point where it can not attain the million car year of Tito Declares Hell Fight Enduring War gravely worried over the outlook cept in niuun more CUICKIV i in and fully prepared to concepts of international cooperj Wednesday it must make had lay his fears forcefully before national sovereignty at once arm Bradley said the i Acheson Raps At Prague Charges 26 of State Dean Acheson Scornfully rejected Wednesday spy charges brought against Amer ican diplomats in Prague by Czechoslovakias Communist gov He called the charges obvious ly trumped said they were de signed to intimidate the Czech and hurled his own accusa tions of police state methods and diplomatic discourtesy at Pragues Red At the same Acheson said that conformity with standard dip lomatic practice required the United States to accede to the Czech governments request for removal of two American embassy employes from Removed Two Aids That has been he A third lacking diplo matic has been arrested and the embassy has been making determined effort to establish 26 contact with him in Ache are necessary for Cite Difference lay ropes own recovery 1951 Budget Plan It took nine months to get this years appropria tion he can tell By the time the money was recovery in Britain and several which may impinge upon or inter Gnomic wneVe or else our civilizaj elt must fade and Wther must fade and wither Sir Stafford Cripps austere national guard Isions to slavias subjugation by areas upon short Tito 8poIe6brfOTe Ja of The government of the was red and he was puts its sovereignty first and to tears as he laid this unwilling to accept measures frim workordie ultimatum be iVii iTMlnTMr of Tni an Heber Edwards of North chairman of the conference committee on resolu presented a list of 50 rec iic unit tw 4 UA pniintrv at tho rtf f1 COCHLCU IIOL ui uu recovery in Britain and several which may impinge upon or lne at uie ena 01 an ommendations to tne other countries looked shakier fere with its rigid exercise of and a quarter address They included resolutions to than when Hoffman first took his impeded state the of commons the stateg request to the If this fundamental difference called for a of confi v uc dence in the Labor government in mier Marshal Tito said Wedneslson day We shall fight and we shall fight enduringly to prevent Yugo The three embassy employes in support of its economy program to mX wofwf for pursuing a nationalistic hew federalization of the na nff tional Aware of Trend Now ECA is starting to put could be other differ together its budget request for I ences which have hitherto ap fiscal starting next Junejpeared insurmountable could be and has misgivings to how seen in true and spending and ReestabHsh the inactive nationai congress will jsonable ground might be found for off dollar jguard He His associates said the ECAJtheir Slash in Army Provide for the procurement of th chief has some specific proposals A spokesman said the Russian ConservativeSf Liberals and i qualified pilots for the air national Italians who fought with the coun trys partisans during the war and who are now here on an inspection He made it clear that Yugoslavia j will not unbend in the struggle that began 19 months ago when the Sovietled cominform de nounced him and his government whom Acheson described as assist ant and Samuel a All worked in the Prague embassys political Accused of Spying Heyn was accused of spying on Czech industry and trying to learn state secrets about industrial pro duction and commercial also of using Czech citizens to gather such Patch and Meryn were accused five days OUT Truman May Disclose Definite Plan Today 26 high government official reported Wednesday that Harry S Truman will in the coal and strikes if there are no by this week But White House officials who saw the president Wednes day aaid later that he had reached no definite decision on stepping into the dual The forecast that Truman would act was made by a cabinet although he declined to permit use of his Also he refused to predict what action the president will but aaid he would use his general powers as chief executive rather than the strike injunction provi sions of the TaftHartley labor management Confirmation Delayed There waa no official confirma tion at the White One of ficial there aaid Truman has not yet made any definite deci And press secretary Charles Ross reiterated his almost dally statement that the president has no plans to move into the strike The president may clear up some of the confusion at his 4 press conference Some observers that he may refuse to say anything so long as current mediation efforts are in Speculation about possible White House action has centered on four ranging from a personal appeal to the disputants to end the to the outright seizure of the coal mines and steel Politically Hot Potato The with its SOday strike injunction is a politically hot potato because Truman opposes it and has pledged its The act empowers him to net up factfinding boards in disputes which endanger the national health and Atttr the without the president as he has twice in the seek 80day injunc tions against the The walkouts could resume at the end of that period if the unions in volved rejected managements final Claims Adequate Power In opposing the law during the first session of the 81st Truman and his aids argued that he has inherent power to deal with any national emergency and therefore the strike injunc tion provisions were There has been considerable legal dispute over whether the president has such authority more if he could use it to take over strikebound mine or steel Truman seized the coal mines World War II under the SmithConnally act but that law was wiped off the statute books two years Draft Law The present selective service draft law provides for limited armed forces needed but there is some doubt if it is broad enough to be used in the current The guessing here is that Coal Walkout Pares Rail Worker Roll The coal strike has idled more than railroad a survey showed while thousands in other industries have been forced out of their jobs by the steel At New Cyrus eral mediation resumed conferences with Steel officials in another attempt break the steel strike two in the Pittsburgh area Crucible Steel and Allegheny Ludlura Steel Cmng to recall Harry S Trumans factfinding board and have it clarify its on the issue of industryfinanced pensions and But at Carrol chairman of the fact finding said the original report will have to and that the boards work was In the coal mine ne gotiators the striking United Mine Workers and southern coal producers met briefly at then mated contract talks until Tues Spokesmen for the oper said animpasse has The Pennsylvania and New Central each laid off the Baltimore and Ohio far loughed and the Louisville and These cut backs were attributed to the coal Thousands of other workers were idle and unemployment com pensation rolls rising because the Alabama listed 9200 compensation claims as an indi rect result of the UAW Ratifies Ford Pact By Big Ballot 26 CIO United Auto Workers an nounced Wednesday night that the historic Ford Motor which includes the first general pension plan in the auto has been Union Ford Director Ken Ban a in mind to loosen Europes jammed delegation had nothing to say trade about the fivepower Seven Flee In Delaware Prison Break 26 who lives two blocks from t An 18yearold life term Laborites all have attacked the program as too little and too They hava put in motions of noconfidence in the govern These will be voted on Thursday at the end of the two day Sir Stafford disclosed that the program will lop off the payrolls a total Communist oner Jed seven other convicts Chosen as Air War Games Site The armed forces will be i The air force announced Wednes EUiott told police the two the set as a goalday it will hold a major air de j campaign that included political and economic pressure was against this We were embittered in the be I ginning for we saw with whom we were he The bitterness of the feeling be tween Yugoslavia and Russia was shown earlier Wednesday when Russia demanded recall of the Yugoslav ambassador in Russia accused him of being a the time limit which the Czech government set when it de clared him no longer to use it in coal than in He has been politically and personally at odds with UMW president John but is friendly with Philip Murray whose CIO helped Truman win the 1948 presi dential he already has used the factfinding approach in the steel although he went around the TaftHartley law to do daring escape from New Castle him into his car at guns for fense training exercise next month Firitt fur Jnitlcr county prison Wednesday drove a block from his house and Dollar imports of except m northwestern United 1CB The prisoners locked up Guard then pushed him driving off struggle Harry raided in his land some other raw AS one important phase of the j we are fighting for a great and the prison arsenal using an Police were flooded with will try to shift her buy10day beginning cause that will have tremen other guard as a walked calls from residents who inS of these to nondollar coun the front I claimed they saw the One A tower Raymond Pritch1 report said five men had boarded saw the escapees as they a Pennsylvania railroad freight fled using Guard Charles Lynch for cover but held his fire until they shoved Lynch aside and Then Pritchard fired a burst of either B29s or Cut Foreign Loans House building will be cut from a year to Con struction of new electricity train bound for All offduty state troopers were summoned and road blocks weie placed on all highways leading and oil refineries wili be out of the state i Spending for civil rail will be used for training of radar defense network The bombers will fly controlled courses in order to educate the network units in their responsibili ty to alert defenses in the area machine gun bullets at the flee Danny youthful leader and postal all gov ing convicts but apparently none was State police said the eight slaying of Wilmington Maintenance of ports may be re up after the break and two of Thomas Another escapee stricted them went to the home of gas coal mining equipment j and to direct fighter planes to pOjnts where they could theoreti cally intercept the The air exercise will be the larg of the was sentenced to life lernment will be cut eat ever held in the Pacific north imprisonment for the j down by west Hoyt Vanden air force chief of said dous historical significance for the future and that this is the correct relationship among socialist He acknowledged frankly that Yugoslavias own struggle will no difference in the way of life within the Soviet union Socialism in the Soviet union will not fail because of he It is a reality in the So viet We know But we also know that today the lead ership in the U S S R does not have about 5000 men and 200 jthe right point of view on the fur was John The universities building pro1 fighters and new development of socialism in a stationery store clerk serving a life term for gram will ae sliced by will be t the other countries of the Jet Pilot Bails Out as Plane Speeds 500 mphand Lives 26 test pilot bailed out of a jet plane going more than 500 mph Wednesday and Jack Republic Aviation test pilot from took to parachute when he lost con trol of his Thunderjet F84 as he was descending from the Bade landed in a was cut down quickly by two unidentified telephone linemen who applied first aid and took him to Mount Kisco hospital where condition re ported good Wednesday The pilot said he could not remember at what altitude he bailed but he aid his parachute did not open for a sickcningly long The chute finally billowed open at about 2000 he The plane was equipped with itandard ejector which catapults nilots from the cockpit of fastmoving jets in an emergency but Bade did not use it was The pilot suffered a chipped in right facial bruises on the right side of his and a MB on the right The plane was lot workers at the River Rouge plant approved the pact for Ford He said a partial count showed that favored the contract and 3200 were Bannon said votes were Smaller Unions Fortysix smaller local unions had conducted similar ratification but where more than half of all Ford workers are was the Although scattered opposition cropped there never was real doubt that the agreement would be all but two had ap proved the settlement under which employes will receive monthly retirement most of them at 65 years of age with 30 Bannon said the pro ratification margin had been six to Saw Certain Okek He pointed out that even a slightly unfavorable vote at Rogue could not have prevented approval by rankandfile neces sary under the U A W Unusually strong spearheaded by and other elements opposed to Walter U A W esn tered noneconomic prevl sions m the agreement reartisrt Besides pension ts ward which Ford contributes and the workers the pact calls for fringe heslto fare bringing the total to the ICc package by Uie steel   

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