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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - October 18, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Throusli Friday WEATHER Freezing Wednesday Details on rage 4 SALT LAKE TUESDAY OCTOBER 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru stand ing in first car waves an acknowledgement of cheers of spectators during parade up Broadway Nehru was received by New York Mayor ODwyer and later was awarded an honorary de gree by Dwight Eisenhower at Nehru Limits India Role In Cold War NEW 17 dian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru said Monday night that his country will not take sides in the cold war unless peace or liberty becomes Pandit Nehru outlined Indias foreign policy at a convocation in his honor at Columbia where Dwight president of conferred upon him an honorary doctor of laws Interest of Peace We do not wish to forfeit the advantage that our present detachment gives us and we bei lieve that the maintenance of that j detachment is not only in our inj terest but also in the interest of world peace and the In dian leader Nehru warned that war be comes almost certain when all j the world takes sides and talks of j The Indian leader outlined in capsule form for the first time the main objectives of his coun trys foreign They he said Independent Pursuit The pursuit of not j through alignment with any major i power or group of but LACK OF ATTENDANCE Ritter Nomination Action Put Ahead Until 1950 17 Senator Warren Magnuson said Monday there will be no further action this year on the nomination of Willis Rit ter of Salt Lake City to be a federal district judge for He attributed the delay to in ability to get full attendance of the senate judiciary committee at a meeting to act on the nomina Magnuson is chairman of the subcommittee which has approved the was of the firm conviction that he is absolutely qualified for Uie Magnuson told a Commenting on speculation that President Harry 8 Truman may give Ritter a recess Magnuson said The president couldnt do bet I think it would be a splendid Recess Appointment A staff member of the senate judiciary committee said it would The majority of the subcpmbe possible for if if tjao oirliQi vat tiro Tii after exhaustive High Tribunal Backs Jail For Top Reds 17 The supreme court Monday upheld Judge Harold Medinas action in jailing three Red leaders for con tempt during the turbulent New York trial that to conviction f 11 top The high court acted approach i By a 7 to 1 vote it refused to hear to each controversial or disputed appeals by the The brief order The liberation of subject I gave no reasons for the Justice Hugo Black holding that the case should be re 3 The maintenance of Justice William Doug both national and individJ recuperating from injuries ht The elimination of racial The elimination of dis ease and ignorance which afflict the greater part of the worlds Moch Resigns Premier Post 17 Premier Jules Moch resigned Mon day night after 11 days of strug gling to piece together a cabinet from amongPrances bickering middleoftheroad political President Vincent Auriol promptly accepted Mochs resigna tion and began to confer with party heads to find a Moch had to give up with a completed cabinet list in his At one point he was within minutes of presenting it tc the But on his way to see he stopped off at the national assem bly to report success to his own Socialist There he found the haggling had broken out The premier tried one last time to resolve the then drove to Klysee Palace to quit shortly before 8 Robert of the Catholic Popular Republican former premier and foreign was the first political leader to call on the a few minutes after tired and de It was announced later that the president will not take up his con sultations again until Tuesday morning when he will see MRP leader Francois de When Moch arrived at the na tional assembly the popular Re publicans and radical Socialists were scrapping over the relatively unimportant post of minister of received in a riding accident took no part in the Convicted of Conspiracy The 11 Communist party lead ers were convicted by a jury in Medinas court last Friday of con spiracy to advocate forcible over throw of the They face possible sentences up to 10 years in prison plus fines of 000 Last summer Judge Medina or dered three of the leaders jailed for the duration of the nine monthslong trial They are Gus Ohio state Communist chair man Henry organiza tional and Gilbert Illinois Hall and Winston were punished for creating a disturbance in the Green was jailed after he said to the judge 1 thought you were going to give us a chance to prove our Charge Pressure The three in their appeal to the supreme that the judges action was designed to pressure the on pain of continued to hurry their defense to a Immediately after last Fri days Judge Medina or dered a fourth Eugene and five defense lawyers to be jailed for criminal They announced they plan to file appeals similar to those which the court rejected Appeals are also planned from the conspiracy conviction j The supreme court disposed of some 200 cases in its orders Mon No formal opinions were handed Other Court Action Among the actions were these The court agreed to review a decision that the 1949 federal rent controls act is The justice department appealed from Columns he to place Ritter on the bench temporarily Uy giving him another appointment after con gress ends this years Under such a socalled recess Ritter would serve until the president sent up an other regular nomination and it was acted on by the There definitely is a possibility that another judge will be assigned to handle work of the federal dis trict court of Utah pending final action by the senate judiciary com mittee on nomination of Willis Ritter to the it was dis closed Orie chief judge of the Circuit Court of said that unless some other solution presents a pro tern judge might have to be Merge Unions For Green Pleads AFL President Labels Lewis War Chest Plan Impracticable 17 The AFL high command said Monday that John Lewis plan for a war chest to finance the great steel strike is impossible and impracticable while union labor is split into rival William AFL called instead for a real merger of CIO and the United Mine Workers to mobilize their economic Lewis had proposed that nine big AFL unions and his own U M W contribute a week each to help win the steel strike being led by Philip CIO Replies to Lewis In a polite reply to Lewis Mon Green disposed of the plan so far as the A F L is by saying that nine AFL unions would each have to decide such a question for He explained that they are He also inquired of Lewis whether who is head of the steel workers union as well as the CIO had asked for such financial Following Lewis letter to Murray came out for a common fight by all and said his striking steel workers would be willing to lend aid to Lewis strik ing coal Mobilize Labor Power in his letter to said there was a crying need for a united labor Through he the economic power of all the workers of the nation could be The Green reply came amid in creased talk of White House inter vention in the big coal and steel But the White House was and Conciliation Director Cyrus Ching said he knew of nothing contemplated by Tru man to halt the walkouts which spread Monday to another aluminum workers and threat ened to make workers idle by Ching arranged to talk with officials of Steel in New York Wednesday in an ef fort to find a basis for resuming He held similar talks with Bethlehem Steel last week and with counsel for Young stown Sheet and Tube here Await Steel Pact Temporary Appointment I think under those circum stances the president could make a temporary Judge Phillips if Harry S Tru man does not choose that course well try to get another judge over he But the 10th circuit is in a ter rible fix at Judge Phil lips There are sick judges in Wyoming and There also is one other vacancy in the he U M W leaders and the soft coal operators resume contract talks at White Sulphur Springs and Blue Tuesday Ching indicated that if no prog ress was made in this weeks nego tiations he would step back into the role of direct The major question to be an swered by the Truman adminis tration in the next week or so is whether a coal settlement must come first or whether it would be preferable to try a steel settle ment ahead of Both Lewis and the coal opera tors have indicated that they are resigned to waiting for a steel contract before they can hope to get an agreement from each Senate Group Bars Boke Pay 17 The senate appropriations com mittee voted Monday to deny in back pay to reclamation commissioner Michael Straus and Judge Phillips said that Judge Richard regional director Tillman who came out of retirement duringthe Utah court is assigned only to criminal and bankruptcy mat Under the retirement Judge Johnson may select the type in If the decision is upheld by the seiiate and the two officials would have to go to court to They were removed from the of work he desires to Judge government pay roll early last sairi year under a rider to the reg ular ulterior department appropri ation which specified that their jobs must be filled by qualified engineers with at least five years Phillips Leaving a district without a fed eral judge is a terrible mistake and creates an unhealthy situa New president of Columns Stork Wins Race With Plane Young American AirBorn Conferees Ask Billion For 58Unit Action Speeds Congress Toward Adjournment 17 senatehouse conference committee agreed Monday night on a national defense spending bill and an immediate stepup in the strength of the air force to 58 Harry S Truman and the senate have been insisting a 48group air force is The agreement sent to the senate floor the last of the regular departmental appropriations and sped the congress toward a final probably Wednesday or The total includes in Here is what the three services would get Fights for Marines at Probe Clifton commandant oi the Marine testifies Monday at house armed services committees probe of unification In rear is quartermaster General Says Army Seeks To Whittle Marine i tice their shorestorming specialty Clifton chief of the accused the this Gates named fourstar army general staff Monday of Eawtbn now army chief seeking to whittle down his fa of staff as the author of the so called Collins plan which he said mous seatoshore assault corps r into a mere police The he has already grabbed all the money for am phibious training so that the ma rines will not even be able to prac Chinese Reds Seize Vital Port of Amoy HONG UP Chinese Communists captured the big southeast coast port of Amoy Monday after a bit monthlong fight and clinched their hold on almost the entire 2000mile coastline from Korea to Hong Twentythree hundred Commu nist regular troops moved up to the Hong Kongborder and the Communist Peiping radio hinted that a demand for withdrawal of Cates told the British troops from this outpost of empire might be Demand Recognition The radio quoted at length an 9 resolution by the district conference of the Communist par Ly in welcoming he Red regime as the greatest historical event since the Russian revolution of The resolu tion contained three demands would virtually eclipse the ma rines colorful role in the history of American Makes Accusations He said the which he first heard about in would also let the Air Force take over naval Testifying in the wide open row among the armed Cates told the house armed serv ices committee Severe budgetary cuts laid down by the military hierarchy in the Pentagon are inflicting crip pling handicaps on the Marine The marines have no import ant post in the nations highest defense councils and are strug gling to survive from a sub all in cash cash and in contract authority air cash and in contract au Plan Spending Cuts This does not mean the armed services actually will spend this total in the fiscal which started last July For ex Defense Louis Johnson is planning in spending He already has ordered many sharp Through the senate the air force gained in cash and in con tract for a total of Guy Gordon re fused to sign the conference re port on grounds it was an abject surrender to armchair strategists of the MonthLong Deadlock The conferees had been dead locked for a month over senate insistence that a 48group air force is sufficient and house de mands that 10 additional groups about 400 more planes are needed particularly in light of Soviet atomic The deadlock was broken when the senate conferees Tlte senate agents also yielded on senate demand for a or in the strategic materials stockpile The senators settled in stead for a compro The conference agreement now goes back to both chambers for but that appeared only a Okch 1810 Planes House agents said a 58group air if would mean 1810 Omar chairman of the chiefs of estimated last Sat urday that Russia has but no breakdown as to types and categories was The seeking to hold tight to what they estimated as about an Cash cut back in house spending had refused for weeks to yield on their demands that 48 groups was They said the 10group difference amounted to only about 10 big bombers able to carry the atomic But the house mem bers said the recent Soviet atomic explosion made an immediate step merged position at the bottom of I Up in the air force this vast administrative struc The manifest combat power of the Marine Corps is being de stroyed and dissipated and its mobilization potential The army general staff group is striking into the heart of our combat Crowd Applauds wartime commandant of the Ma testified in a similar vein but in milder The great weakness of any military Vandegrift that it cannot reform The house version of the bill in cash and contract authority called for and the sen ate SHANNON 17 stork won and a 4 Vz pound American was born Monday in an airliner feet up and 400 miles out over the At Monday night he and his 20 yearold a Yugoslavborn were getting along fine in the heart of Irelands County The newcomer is the son of air force James Parker of and his wife Hero and heroine of the air de livery were the 44yearold physi cianpassenger Frederick Hen schell of New and the air liner 29yearold Mary Jane Hinckley of who helped the new arrival into the Said Mary It went off easy as The surprised mother com mented I hadnt expected the baby for another month and a The waiting at Rhein Main airport in Germany for the plane to complete its told this floors The child was born in the crews compartment of the American Overseas Airlines Flagship Scot en route from New YorU to while most of the 43 passengers John Hennessy of New in command of the I took careful check of our and we were right over the British weather ship J J J The little boy may want to know sometime where he was de jure recognition to the new Mao Tzetung That Britain open immediate negotiations for a longterm trade agreement with the That Britain speedily with draw all British forces from Hong Kong and the mainland of Peril to Formosa Amoy once was a major Nation alist debarkation point for For but its capture turns it into a base for a longtlireatened am phlbious assault on Chiang Kai sheks island 140 miles The Central News quoting a Nationalist military spokesman on said the government garrison was forced to quit the strategic island port Monday in face of repeated as saults by fleets of wooden junks and a monthlong artillery The only remaining Nationalist spots of resistance along the en tire coast were the naval base of Tinghai in the Chushan islands 100 miles south of Shanghai and the southern port of The Communists were cleaning up the Chushan group in a series of am phibious attacks and the Nation alists were reported withdrawing I from Mailmen Win Hike In Mileage Pay 17 The house voted Monday to give rural mail carriers another penny increase in their mileage allow That would boost the rate to 8c per The senate has passed a bill making it The house also different in some other respects Chairman Vinson of from the senate went to the house committee assured the two generals that congress will See Page Column 1 the Congress upped the rate from 6c a mile to 7c last Greeks Say Rebels Quit War Only to SugarCoat Defeat Communist rebels announced they wsre calling off the civil war but government chiefs Monday said the pronounce ment was only to sugarcoat de Authoritative sources speculated that with a capital the guerillas really are ending their fight against they probably will be turned against Marshal Tito of A veteran observer of the civil war pointed out that more than SO per cent of the guerillas are from Greek Macedonia and could easily be masqueraded as Yugo slav Macedonians in warfare against A Greek cabinet member report ed only a few days ago that sev eral thousand Greek guerillas about to be shifted from their old base in isolated Albania to Bulgaria on Titos eastern Most authoritative reports Monday still place more than of the guerillas in how Reports reached ths state department in Washington that the Soviet with Moscow are about ready to open a guerilla campaign against Yugo slavia on the model of the three and half year war against the Athens Such a cam paign would call for capture of a Yugoslav border town to be pro claimed the capital of a Free But Marshal Tito has an army of about three times that of State department officials said the re ports were backed by no firm evi dence and might be only a part of the war of nerves against FOR FRIENDS Senate Group Votes Full Arms Budget 17 The senate appropriations commit tee Monday voted the full program to rearm friend ly The senate is expected to glva quick approval to the committees The house already has voted b similar There was no serious opposition in the group to the arms aid In addition to approving foreign arms the committee stamped approval on funds for building a radar screen around the United for military construction in Alaska and on the Pacific island of The vast radar would be the mechanical eyes watching the skies for enemy bombers would cost into the The committee voted in cash and in contract authority for first years The house has not yet approved these funds The AlaskaOkinawa constHic tions runs to this proferans already has house ap The AlaskaOkinawa program was divided as follows Army con struction cash and contract authority navy petrol reserve Point Bar bureau of yards and docks cash and contract authority air force cash and contract Senate Agents Bar House Farm Scheme 17 Senate conferees on disputed arm legislation were reported Monday night to have rejected a house compromise which would have put flexible price supports into effect after two more years of the present 90 A conference committee member said that senators voted four to three against the Hit Senate Stand The committee settled back into its tight deadlock on the legisla tion which is one of the biggest stumbling blocks to adjournment of Discussions were to The rejected compromise would have extended for two years the wartime which stand at 90 of parity for most major At the end of 1951 the sen ate bills sliding scale of price 90 to would have gone into a committeeman ex After long Har old Cooley chairman of the house agricultural said that the senate has not made one single Truman Backs Elmer Thomas chairman of the senate agricul tural seid he was more hopeful than he has been because both sides had three times chosen to stick it out rather than report House speaker Sam Rayburn told there was talk that the two aides were far apart and there was SOOM doubt they could get Guided Missle Fund 17 INS house passed and sent to White House Monday a bill au thorizing construction of a 000 guided missile laboratory by the bureau of The bu reau requested that the construc tion be authorized when navy requested it to continue research on guided missiles which during the
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