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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - October 16, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Mostly clear gutday cooler 1IB 2 SALT LAKE SUNDAY OCTOBER 1949 PRICE FlfTl CENTS Surprise Vote Blocks 90 Crops Parity of Decision Threatens Congress Stall on Farm Bill 15 A tentative agreement on bit terly contested farm price legislation blew up Saturday Senate and house members of a conference committee were right back where they They stomped jut of a long session apparently in complete disagreement over a fundamental section of their conflicting The basic dispute the bills pre texted was Shall the government continue to support at 90 of parity all major provided they are under maximum government reg ulation Or would a sliding scale of supports from 75 to 90 be Agree Saturday Morning A morning meeting brought agreement on a 90 by a vote of 11 to At the 14 conferees wadded up this agreement and ad journed until Plans to close out congress next week for the year might be en dangered by this latest develop Both senators and representa tives said the only agreement they now have is to meet again Monday morning and start a new attempt to patch up a farm price support Fear lasting Deadlock Chairman Harold qooley of the house agriculture committee and his house col who earlier had forecast a final compromise at the after noons said when they left We may not be able to reach any agreement at all Other conferees said a switch by senate majority leader Scott Lucas arid Clinton Anderson scuttled the Both had voted earlier in the day for support pay ments at 90 of parity when max imum controls were Allen Ellender one of the said there still was a chance for later as of Saturday the senators and representa tives werent together on any Lucas Says Little The scrapped re ported backed an 11 to three would have ordered supports at 90 of parity for rice and peanuts whenever fanners submitted to the maximum cuts the law provides in and also approved mar keting Parity is a price figured to give farmers a fair exchange when they sell their crops and buy things at the Lucas refused to discuss any of the conference actions other than to say the members would meet again Anderson told a reporter that at first the house proposal looked pretty good but after we studied and examined it it did not look so Counsellor Falls to Death 15 coun sellor of the embassy here and a top State department ex pert on Latin American jumped or fell to his death Satur day from the eighth story of the embassy office Ambassador Claude Bowers an who had been in Santi ago since early this plunged from a big window in the embassy offices to the pavement Police said they found traces of dirt on Dawsons clenched hands indicating he hung from the sill before A letter was found on Dawsons but police re fused to reveal its Bowers said that as far as he Dawson had not been de pressed or unhappy Daw son married the former Jane Dodge Myers in He leaves her and a 3630 VOTE Solons Shelve Bill to Hike Flow of DPs 15 The senate voted Saturday night to shelve the displaced persons bill for this The vote was 36 to Adopting a motion by Harry Cain and James Eastland the senate sent the hotlydisputed measure back to its judiciary com mittee with instructions that it be returned for action by next The by the house and a prime feature of Harry 8 15 Arthur Watkins Utah voted for the motion to send the displaced persons bill back to the judiciary committee Elbert Thomas Utah was not listed as Trumans would increase by the number of displaced persons to be admitted to the and change the Truman Favored Saturday nights vote removed one of the stumbling blocks in the way of proposed adjournment of congress next It marked a bitter defeat for Scott Lucas of Illinois and other administration leaders who had demanded action on this ses sion on revising the present Truman barf attacked that law as antiCatholic and anti The senates action added up to a personal victory for Chairman Pat McCarran of the judiciary committee who had fought to delay consideration of the measure until next Francis Myers of the assistant Democratic told reporters the vote did not represent senate sentiment on the bill Would Hike Entry Predicting overwhelming pass age of the measure in Myers said many senators who fa vor it were willing to put off a showdown until then to prevent a delay in adjournment of The measure would boost from in two years to in three years the number of home less Europeans who could be ad mitted to this As approved by the it would open the way for admission of persons who entered camps abroad up to The present law provides that only those in camps by can be SitDown Speech To get the the senate interrupted a sitdown speech by William Langer against the After he had talked an hour or Langer asked unanimous consent that he be per mitted to continue speaking while sitting None of the four in the room Aides said no other senator had been permitted to speak from a chair in the 40 years they had Lister Hill said Robert LaFollette of Wisconsin once had been permit ted to speak while halfsitting on the arm of his chair because he was ill at the Langer later yielded to protests from Lucas and resumed his Truman LaborSocialist Goal Seen Top 50 Issue by Taf t 15 Republicans intend to make what they call the Truman administra tions trend toward a laborso cialist government the chief 1950 political Robert Taft indicated running for reelection next disputed a White House list ing this week of accomplishments of the Democratic 81st Charles presidential secre had said the listing repre sented a rather remarkable rec ord of Countering Taft contended that the 81st congress is no more in sympathy with Harry S fair deal program wan was the Republican Asserting that Truman has adopted the program of the CIO political action Taft said that philosophy of list congress U that of based on the continua tion of the principles of liberty un der a free I think the issue is whether the people want to take up this fair deal program and turn this country into a laborsocialist gov ernment very much like Great in which the government directs the details of all agriculture and daily lives of the he The Ohio senator said far from accepting the presidents fair deal1 the Demo cratic congress pushed most of it As he mentioned the presidents request last January for pricewage controls and for authority to build steel He said this had been He cited rejection of the Brannan plan for production to CIO Head Bids UMWAFL To Pool Strike Funds No StrikeBut a Senate SitDown William Langer shows newsmen hew he vpoke In upper chamber against displaced persons bill Hes only senator to da this in at least 40 Langer later yielded to protests from Scott Lucas stood Stalin Woos With Peace By Joseph Fleming 15 matlc that Soviet PremlefJosiJ Stalins fer of friendship to Germany might tip the delicate balance of European power in Russias The Russian move underscored the basic weakness of the western reluctance the United Britain and France to restore full privileges to Ger many for fear of renewing the German military threat to west ern and central Germany Holds Balance Germanys people now hold the balance of power in Although they are now split into two they de sire independence and a unified Leaders Jailed But Reds Rally to Party NEW 15 American their top leaders in jail and their partys future sought grimly to rally Saturday from the most crushing blow in their 30year his Despite new pressures shaping up against them in it looked as though they could patch together a business as usual operation for months if not years to National Chairman William Foster said the Communist party will carry the fight to the higher to the broad masses of the To Upset Conviction Foster meant a fight to upset Saturdays conviction of 11 of his national board colleagues on ofconspiring to teach overthrow of tha govern The verdict can be appealed to the Circuit Court of Ap peals and then to the supreme These along with other delaying actions that could be taken from time to time might easily last for a year or The 11 are locked up in the federal house of await ing sentence next Face 10 Facing maximum sentences of 10 years in prison and fine men are Eugene general secre tary Benjamin Davis New York City councilman John editor of the Daily Worker Jacob education director Rob ert York state chairman Carl Michigan chairman Gus Ohio chair man Henry organiza tional secretary John William labor secretary Gilbert Illinois chairman Irving vice president of the CIO Fur and Ltathtr Workers government and probably will achieve both in Russias acceptance of Germany while western are hesitating may prove decisive in turning Germany to the east when the nation is Before he retiredrand left for former U military gov ernor Lucius Clay ex pressed the fear that continued western rebuffs for the Germans would drive them into the Rus sian Force Russian Ties Clay foresaw the possibility that a Germany distrusted by its west ern neighbors and refused an equal role in west European af fairs might be forced against its wishes to turn to the Soviet traditionally fearing a resurgent has been a leader in efforts to keep the con quered nation Stalins letter to leaders of new east German republic hinted that the two nations might be linked by a new Rapallo and a very reliable German source Friday that the Russians were preparing to sign a separate pact with the eastern Seek Separate Peace The lack of a peace made impossible by Russias re fusal to agree with the western allies on key a major feature of Germanys present plight The it is will continue to restrict the sov ereignty of the German federal thus leaving tha ini tiative to the Communist A logical consequence of one German is that extremists will advocate some sort of agreement with eastern Ger many on unity whether France or Britain and the United States approve it or ON THE INSIDE SECTION A 12 11 SECTION B Local 14 Classified Advertising SECTION S 8 8 Mines and SECTION W Society SECTION M Features Utah SECTION H Farm Letter Model Soviet Forces Can Bradley Says Oct 15 Omar Bradley Saturday pictured a big Russian army as able to double and almost triple its combat within senators as passage of the armsforEurope chairman of the Joint of was reported by senate appropriations committee men to have told them that Russia now has 175 combat di visions in She could put 300 divisions into combat within 60 The Soviet could step up its military power to 502 in a matter of Behind Closed Bradley testified behind closed doors to committee on the foreign ap propriation bill which the house pased Friday by a voice One billion dollars of the money is for the opening phase of rearming European members of the Atlan tic pact as a bulwark against pos sible Communist The balance will be used to furnish arms and equipment else Korea and the The China area may be included at the presidents The senate was expected to lose little time in approving the ap propriation after its expected clearance by the Need W Divisions Senators Kenneth a member of the iap propriations group and critic of the reported that military authorities estimate it would take at least 50 divisions to check a Soviet onslaught Wherry it would cost to put 50 com bat divisions into the field for the North Atlantic pact countries in the next four He added that the United States would have to pay the bill for any suchproj ect One member of the committee quoted Bradley as saying that the rearmament program would be a mistake only if Russia should at tack Europe in the near future but if there were no attack in several it would be worth the Omar Bradley Will Europe military aid pay off Murray Would Expand Proposal By Lewis PITTSBURGH 15 Philip CIO preri whose United Steelworkers are deadlocked in a 15day said Saturday that he was ready to join the American Federation of Labor and John Lewis striking United Mine Workers in pooling their resources for common defense of all Replying to Lewis proposal that the UMW and the AFL set up a per week war chest to aid the steel Murray said his union was prepared to The mine on strike for 27 may need he pointed Murray Expansion In a statement to the Murray did not reject He suggested The United Steelworkers of America I am other equally minded affiliates of the C10 stand prepared to join with the United Mine Workers and affiliates of the American Fed eration of Labor to pool their resources for the common defense and general welfare of the labor Before Murrays statement was another steel union official privately said he believed Lewis a publicity stunt and a grandstand British Man Battle Stations On Hong Kong Border Hungary Tlol Trio Dies On Gallows Oet 15 ones one of Hungarys topnumber Commu was hanged Saturday for fate for which he had beggedat his who swept out Hungarys middle class Smallholders party for the Communist revolution in had avidly confessed to lead ing a Balkanwide Yugoslav plot to assassinate the biggest Hun garian Communists ana make himself Executed with him were two Tibor former director of the Hungarian Communist partys cadre and Szoenyis 32yearold Andras The cadre section supervised the rankandfile mem Sought No Appeal Announcement of the executions was made by a foreign office The gallows trap was sprung about 6 presumably in a prison court The placa of imprisonment was a govern ment secret If the customary practice is Rajk and his comrades will be buried in unmarked The executions were carried out less than 24 hours after the coun cil of peoples the court of last had rejected ap peals for clemency filed on baholf of Rajk and his two Rajk himself did not wish to ap Also rejected were appeals from prison sentences given others in the Wait Fate Two of tha defendants in the Rajk Lt Gyorgy former chief of the Hungarian and Bela a for mer army yet to have their fate determined by a court All the defendants were charged with espionage for Amer British and Yugoslav intelli gence and plotting to turn Hungary into a vassal state of Marshal Tito of HONG Chinese Communists occupied the heart of Canton Saturday and pushed south Sun day to the British a dozen miles from the heart of The vanguard of the Red army was drawn up across a flimsy barbed wire fence at the border between British terri tory where British troops were at battle British and Gurka troops waited with or Pursue Red pursuing fleeing Nationalist reached the village where the CantonKowloon railway crosses the Shumchun is about 15 miles north of Hong Communist underground agents Cook over the border village of 13 miles from the leart of Sautauko is seven miles east of Shumchun from which Red troops fanned out along the 20mile The Communists took over the jorder customs posts from which Nationalists had There were no incidents to mark the Commu nist there was no guarantee they Would not Nationalists Ouit Canton deserted Thursday by the Nationalist fell without a it did to the Japanese in Smoke from Nationalist demolitions hung heavily over the city and Chinese air force reconnaissance fliers said lung lines of Red troops streamed into Canton The big Chinese naval base at 25 miles below Canton on the Pearl river was reported In It was there that Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiShek more than 20 years ago organized the Whampoa Military academy which furnished China with most of its Nationalist and Communist Telegraph communications be tween Hong Kong and Canton were resumed Saturday after Na tionalist demolitions had severed power Exploded Military depots at Canton were blown up along with the bridge over the Pearl river and airport Trains stopped The toward the They were brought miles for just such last two passenger ships from the Fatsharn and the Shing arrived Friday but passengers could add little to earlier reports of The troops at Hong Kong were placed on war foot ing as reports said the Communist armies oc cupied 44 miles north of Hong Kong on the Cantoh Kowfcon If Murray regarded Lewis offer as he called it in these words The for whom I to a will lend help and assistance to the mine ers and to all unions which an forced into necesary strike action by the opposition of the monopo lists and financial interests who dominate the great industries of this William AFL withheld comment on Lewis At tewls John executive vies president of the National Coal charged Lewis proposal was proof that the UMWs de mands are With the twin coatateelstrikes already wedging the econ COMPROMISE Workers Win Step To Pay Hike 15 A pay in prospect Saturday for government workers under a com promise agreement reached by a senatehouse conference commit Harry S Truman mean while put into effect a salary hike already voted for 253 top federal including cabinet members and bureau These were the pay boosts set in the compromise for lower level government employes An average yearly increase of for civil service workers at a total annual cost of about The fig ure represents a compromise be tween the previously voted by the senate and the hike approved by the Up to 25 higher echelon civil service em ployes also are to draw top pay of annually as compared with the present A flat iaise for nearly all regular postal employes with hour ly increases for other postal work ers on parttime or hourly employ ment About postal work ers are covered by the The house had voted for a in but the senate previously had allowed only The two pay bills now must be approve by both chambers be fore being presented for the presi dents final Dworshak Returns to Takes Appointment Oath 15 Idaho returned to the senate Saturday to occupy the seat of the Democrat who defeated him in the election last late Bert Miller of Dworshak took the traditional oath of office at EST with his Calvin looking on from the rear of the senate Miller died Oct 8 and Idahos Robinn named Dworshak to take his place in the senate until No Oddly it was Miller who ousted Dworshak from the senate seat which he had held the past six Dworshak was accompanied to the chamber by Kenneth Wherry of Republican floor and Styles Bridges His certificate of appointment was read by a clerk as the uenate temporarily suspended debate on the displaced persons Then Dworahak stepped to the rostrum and senate Kenneth McKellar admin omyinto a a a The deadlocked walkouts idled of the nations And a strike of aluminum workers is sched uled tor steel union rep resents employes of Aluminum Company of said USW is willing to negotiate to the strike Weasel Worded Frwpodttosv He said the company had offered nothing of value to the union in the negotiations execept a weasel worded proposition on pensions which would have lead to a reduc tion in the companys pitifully in adequate retirement payments to its old Tha union wants the noncontrib utory 10centarihourperman in surancepension plan recommended by the steel factfinding company had offered that but with a provision its would be less if federal social security benefits are in This is tha critical week for the steel who employ another Agreements Expiring Their agreements with the CIO United Steelworkers are expiring and it is doubtful that many would meet the unions demand for a non contributory 10centanhourper man pensioninsurance This was the strike picture With no negotiations sched uled in the 15day steel CIO President Philip Murray will continue his personal appearance tour seeking public The deadlocked coal negotia tions were in recess until Tuesday with both the United Mine Work ers had the operators still far apart in the welfare fund which has idled the bulk of the soft coal mines for 26 Strike Cost The cost of the twin strikes in industrial and transportation revenues mounted to more than Railroads been forced to lay off workers as the com bined strikes dropped carloadings to the lowest point in two and a half In automobile industry 8500 workers are idle and General Motors biggest of the big three announced that it may have to cut operations to four days a week in less than 10 15 UK CIO and United Steelworker President Philip Murray Saturday declined a steel company execu tives offer to steel with William Colvin of Crucible Steel offend to discuss the strike Issues and sug gested a Pittsburgh radio station as a medium for reply nominated Bert director of district as spokesman for He said Hough must to per mitted to examine books prior to
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