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Salt Lake Tribune: Saturday, September 24, 1949 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - September 24, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                RADIO NEWS MavmooBteiit Network Station KALL alt 163 WEATHER Scattered doudlneM aad continued Details on Page 16 SALT LAKE SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Truman Says Soviet Set Off Atom Blast BOMB SABOTAGE Woman Admits Role In Plane Tragedy Cyrlt Forster archbishop of at speakers rostrum in Salt take told 4000 persons attending a Visiting Archbishop Cites Unity Need public meeting that the United and Great Britain should stand as this alliance offers protection against another By MALMQUIST One of the most urgent reasons the United States and Great Britain should stand together is that it offers the best protection against another Most and Cyrii Forster arch bishop of York and member of the British house of told a mass meeting of 4000 persons Friday night The meeting was held in the And if that should he con even a United Europe could not withstand the If Eu rope were overrun Great Britain would be in serious danger of ruin and if she should be overrun Can ada and the United States would be the Calls for Sacrifices Thus the archbishop the first But if like our show we are willing to make any sacrifice for freedom the danger will tabernacle of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints of through the courtesy of George j He commented on the announce Aibert i ment ot Harry S Truman Hating Wont Stop It Halingwar wiii not stop an other the archbishop What will stop it is the knowledge that the English speaking democ racies are standing The Anglican church leader ex pressed the conviction that there Is a danger a powerful Soviet Rus sia will attempt to master that an atomic explosion had oc curred in This does not necessarily he that Russia is in possession of completed atomic But it does mean hat she and other nations will be in possession of them Unless the nations draw together and get international control of this weapon the human race with in the lifetime of some of you here commit Communism Appalling The religious leader denounced the communistic ideology as ap palling to western He pointed out that while the world has been drawn together physical leaders were torn in a confidential i iy by modern transportation and memorandum Friday to communication it has been spiritually divided into two UAW Clarif ies Strike Plan 23 with plans for a strike of Ford The memorandum said published reports that Ford and the CIO United Auto Workers are near a settlement are completely er roneous and have no foundation in As a final word of clarifica tion on strategy it added that the great The one believes in the spiritual value of man and the other re gards man as a mere instrument of the state or the This he is being ac centuated by an aggressive com munism which is passing dark shadows over countries in which Thursday was once termination deadline is not neces sarily a strike The secret documents was signed by the U A Ws national Ford of It apparently was aimed at dis pelling any belief that a settle ment of the pension dispute is ready for signing and to keep union leaders primed for a strike if The nations which believe that there is a sovereignty of God above all states and he must protect against those na tions which believe man may be used merely as a tool of a We are appalled by those sys tems which trample on the rights of We hate a police We are stirred to deep indigna See Page Column 6 COAL TIEUP CONTINUES Steel Union Revive Stall Decision By ASSOCIATED PRESS ly package for welfare and in Kegotiations were revived Frisurance or whether the workers day in an effort to wipe out share part of the threat of the thricepostponed A ateel factfinding board recom atcel There were indicamended that the companies finance that the sixday the The industry wants the strike of coal miners mightworkers to PaX Part of be a long way from The industrys five biggest pro For the first time since July j headed by met representatives of the steel indus try and the CIO United Steel FBI Nobs Suspect In Sivindle at Bank 23 A cashier charged in one of two separate swindling plots that took at least from a small bank was arrested The Federal Bureau of Inves tigation caught Clyde Recten at inhere he fled when federal and state bank examiners made a routine audit of the ledgers of the Farmers and Merchants state Ijank Rectenwall was arraigned be fore acting Commissioner Howard Parker and held in de fault of The bank here had assets of larger embezzlements hare oc curred in the he said he believed this was the largest theft in proportion to a banks dignified and handsome employe of the bank for 35 disappeared Mon day during the Russians Want Only Vishiiisky Says 23 Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinskv told the Brannan Plan Wherry Says SIOUX 23 UP Kenneth Wherry blasted the administrations farm program Friday night before farm who told the GOP they want permanent farm Wherry was a principal speaker as Republican party officials from a score of statesopened a twoday meeting to find out how to win the farm vote in Leaders of farm groups prompt ly told They said they wanted permanent legislation rather than Brannan Soviet Flan They also said they viewed price supports as only a temporary means of coping with farm sur Only the National Farmers among the major backed the Democratic plan of di rect subsidies set forth by of Agriculture Charles Wherry called the Brannan pro gram plan to sovietize the farmers and said a new ap proach was needed to cope with farm The senate floor who also attacked the reciprocal trade suggested that new ways be found to utilize farm com modities and thus avoid The GOP cams to the corn country with a pledga to find out from farmers what they wanted Police revealed Friday night that drugcrated woman confessed to carrying a to have contained was placed aboard an illfated Quebec plane that blew up last killing 23 Police said the identified as Arthur admitted tak ing the package to the Quebec air port where it was placed aboard the but that she did not know the contents of the She said she believed it contained authorities Royal Canadian mounted police said the woman was recovering from sleeping pills she took at the suggestion of her whose wife was aboard the Quebec Jeweler Held Provincial police detained as a material witness a young Quebec whose 28 yearold wife was one of the 23 passengers who lost their lives when the plane was ripped open by a blast in its luggage com The crash took the lives of three New York executives of the Kehne cott Copper They were president Arthur and vice Quebec provincial police detained the woman at her home in People living nearby saw police enter the womans Gauvreau street Crowds gath ered outside and police were called to keep the curious on the Explosives Found Aboard Police inspector Rene Belec told newsmen We have definite proof that ex plosives were aboard the plane to the love triangle and collection of worth of insurance moti vated the He said the victim iiad a policy which named tier husband as Seveft women died in the plunge of the They were the stew Gertrude Mckay of Montreal Guay of Que bec city Chapadeau and Miss Chapadeau of Quebec Beatrice Firiotte of Broad Durette of Baie and Henri Paul Bouchard of Baie Page Columns get rid of a woman prove who did Police aaid they and we can had signed from that she put explosives on the which veered sharply off its course and smashed into a mountain near Sault about 40 miles northeast of At first police said she was un der guard in a but it was learned later that she was released and taken to her home under po United Nations Friday Russia was berore PIanning future not thinking of attacking Afternoon Session and ignored Harry S Tru1 In an afternoon mans announcement of an atomic vice president of the Amer explosion in Coal Page 16 workers talked across the bargain ing No decisions were More meetings are scheduled tor The principals are working to in individual sessions with the Six smaller companies scheduled bargaining talks within the next few The steelworkers had been scheduled to strike at but Harry S Truman got both sides to agree to a nsw truce and to resume bar reach abme agreement before the Scattered violence marked the new ateel strike truce I first week of the strike in Penn gylvantA and where The chief stumbling block roving pickets sought to halt non whether the companies should pay union atrip of 10 eenU Picture on Page 2 ViAinsky called on the Big Five powers to negotiate a new pact for strengthening of In a major policy speech before the the Russian spokesman condemned prepara tions for a new war being con ducted in a number of particularly the United States and the United Outlaw ABomb And although the Soviet union is ready to answer blow for he it is not thinking of threateningor Vishlnskys only reference to the Abomb was contained in a de mand that the general assembly deelars any fur ther delay in outlawing atomic for Peace The Soviet Vishinsky stands behind the declara tion made by Stalin in 1934 that the USSR is not thinking of threatening anyone and all the more of attacking We stand for peace and are defending the cause of But we are not afraid of threats and are ready to answer the blow for Viahinsky charged that the en tire range of western foreign including the Atlantic pact and the military aid was inflicting a new blow on the At this time when the mobili zation cf the aggressive the Soviet union con siders it a duty to its voice once again against the and the preparation of a new to raise voice in defense of peace and security of ican Farm Bureau said that a permanent farm program was absolutely imperative be cause farmers could not plan sound operations on a year to year He was echoed by spokesmen for the National Short recommended that con gress set up a national study com mission to recommend methods of bringing about greater stability in the price A farm he should be built on existing and expressed the fed erations opposition to the Brannan Million Medic Training 23 Iff senate Friday approved a fiveyear program aimed at increasing ths nations supply of nurses and health service tech A voice vote provided in the first year and in the final with an average spending of about a year during the The threepoint purpose of measure is to Aid public and nonprofit private schools in training per sonnel in health and Help enlarge their facilities to increase enroll Provide scholarships for in the fields of medi dental public nursing and sani tary lice Inspector Belec indicated that BULLETIN Satur 24 CivFormer In terior Minister Lasilo Rajk and two of Ms seven codefcndantg in treason trial were sentenced to death Saturday by peoples The other two sentenced to die were Tibor former member of parliament and a Communist and Andras party Scientists Say Russ Trail In AStudies NEW iaid Friday night that it remains to be seen whether the Russians can make atom bombs as good and as rapidly as the United The American Abombs that ex ploded over Hiroshima and Naga saki came as a result of a investment and a pooling of the best scientific minds in the United Canada and Americas first went off at Alamogordo in the New Mex Scientists Believe Russ Now Produce Bomb 23 atomic wplorioa bat occurred in fateful portent that the broken the American Abomb monopoly on which the non Communist world depended so The historic comparable only in significance to announcement of the Hiroshima blast of given to the world Friday by Harry S Truman in thesa words We have evidence that within recent weeka an atomic explosion occurred in the U S S He did not say it was an atom bomb that exploded some where in the vast reaches behind the iron But of State Dean Acheson said he assumed the blast was that of an atomic there was every indication that United States no longer is the sole possessor of the dread Does It Mean War Does it mean World War HI High of the view that it does not bring war any For they pointed out that the United States haa a fouryear head start in atomic bomb They figured that Soviets would be wary of starting an atomic struggle in which retaliation could be so Commenting on the Omar chairman of the joint chiefs of said The calmer the American people take this the We have anticipated it for four years and it for no change in our basic defense Bradley himself spent part of the day playing The formal statement from the White House was couched ia calm Ever since atomic energy was first released by eventual development of this new force by other nations wai to be the president This probability always been taken into account by Calls Secret Cabinet Session The released after the chief executive had called his cabinet into an hourlong went on to eay This recent development emhasizes once if indeed such emphasis were the necessity for that truly enforce able international control of atomic energy which this government and the large majority of the members of the United Nations Russia ABlast No Acheson Says NEW 23 of State Dean Achesqp said Friday that he assumed explosion in Russia reported by Harry S Truman was caused by an actual atomic weapon but insisted the news came as no shock and would not change the United Statessponsored plan for international control of atomic The secretary of state was In an affable mood when he faced crowded conference of correspond ents from all over the cluding the Soviet Union and other eastern European He said he had known of Tru mans news as far back as Wednes when he made his policy talk to the United The presi he went had no tricky plan of timing in mind when he broke the news Friday but wanted to be on sure ground when he made the Acheson refused to comment on exactly where or when the explo sion in the Soviet Union took place or what would be its influence on the cold The next question 23 CD was one had been the subject j is Fridays big atomic story of speculation at the assembly all i jn brief the Russians have aapportV Russia and he satellite nations have balked at Aartriett plan for control of the Russia has urged a plan of her calling for the outlawing of desert on July That may be the point in atomic re search that the Russians now have since that first there have been eight other bomb including the first two for military purposes Hiroshima and In the intervening the American bomb undoubtedly has been improved and todays bomb may be many times more powerful than the early Of it ia not known whether the Soviets are still in the experimental stage but it is hardly likely that thov have caught up with American atomic and nuclear Scientists have pointed out many times that the secret of detonating the bomb at tie precise time is one of the most important Then there is the matter of con tinued Uranium which is used in the bomb ia not a scarce Scnis tas all existing In the British govern ment quickly followed up the presidents announcement with an almost identical The British likewise urged the need for international control of the A Trumans though long hit with a ter rific impact in world Major with pos sibly a sharp change in the atmos phere of the eastwest cold were seen as Atomic On Capitol Brien Mc Mahon chairman of the senatehouse atomic energy and several other members of congress suggested anew that the vital hour has ar rived for Truman to meet Wltji JOoci Ruee Ranks Next To Hiroshima By WILLIAM LAURENCE New York Tlmei Sdtnce Writer NEW Sept Harry S Trumans announcement that the United States has evi dence of ths occurrence of as atomic explosionMn the USSR within recent weeks ranks only next to the original announcement of the explosion ot the first atomic bomb over Hiroshima on it marks the end of the first period of the atomic age and the beginning of the The momentous event in bound to nave profound McMahon suggested Truman Though scientists have predicted might even go to Moscow for such its it came at least thret a if that is the only place it could be The president has repeatedly offered to confer with Stalin in but has said he wculd not again go over seas to meet the Soviet Although military experts in but in the form for chain general believed that Russia at reaction it is hard to John of Colum bia university and one of the top Abomb scientists in this said that the Russian development should stimulate us to redouble our efforts to develop atomic en ergy for peacetime uses on an in ternational last has learned how to make the atomic they suggested that Soviet development of the weapon may still only be in its years sooner than was Since 1930 This came largely as the result of an erroneous assumption that Russian scientists did nothing about developing an atomic bomb until after the informed them about it following its first use on The fact is sci entists everywhere recognized the One saw the Russians sre prob ably in the Los Alamos state an allusion to the New Mexico proving grounds where the first See Page Column 5 WORLDSHAKER SUMMARY Heres Brief of AtomStorv Delivered by Washington What can be done Officials and congressmen fan bomb or wag their knowhow still at an earlier For his Acheson told the press he was as suming that the Russians had made a weapon that had he said he did not expect the Russians to confirm the presi dents announcement and did not expect the council of foreign min isters to meet on the atomic con Throughout the question and answer Acheson took pains to make the point that the news the White House waa no priae to presidents he had been forefhadowed by repeated statements from United Slates and British leaders that others would be able to duplicate our President Harry S Truman an nounced evidence that an atomic explosion occurred in Russia within recent of State Dean Acheson called it an atomic This excited the world because the news 1 sooner than the west had been led to expect and 2 men fear an atomic war wouM ruin the What does tt imwiT Probably that America no longer has the awful power of the bomb mediately ehoruxed that itncrna tional agreement on atomic energy control is the real Efforts to reach accord with Russia have fallen flat in the Truman said the news em phasizes the necessity for en forceable world Trygve Lie cf the United Nations said that if Russia has the international agree ment is How did we learn about the Russian bomb Truman didnt even Maybe it was But scientists have radiationdetection to But she is years ahead of i instruments which Its the Russians in developing How about war State depart barely possible that earthquake recorders may have picked up such ment officials generally felt thnt evidence of one atomic bomb j In any neither increaned nor decreased j takes its place among key this prospect I in the atomic s potentialities of ftto energy for war and peace as as the discovery of uranium fis sion was announced to the world in While it is likely that Soviet scientists tested the first and only bomb they it would be dan gerous to assume that they four years behind the and it would take them that long to catch It would be much more reasonable tn assume that they have geared their plants to product at the rate of one bomb per ao that they will have a stockpile of at least 50 bombs a year from enough to destroy 50 Amer ican cities popula Bargaining On the other it it likely that the latest event will make possible a better understand ing between the and Russia leading toward an agreement for the international control of atomic Bargaining between two one of which holds a decided advantage over the The best evidence of an atomic explosion anywhere in the world U obtained by the telltale Oetger the highly aenaiUve strumenU that not only detect cf radioactivity but Slso measure its The atmosphere always contains a certain amount of radioactivity detectable with a CMger The detonation of an atomic Cotvmf   

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