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Salt Lake Tribune: Saturday, September 17, 1949 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - September 17, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                RADIO SEWs f 15 ttatfamKALL ihmoia WEATHEt Otastf 1W SALT LAKE SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 1919 PRICE FIVE CSNTI Utah Swings State Fair Gates Open Carnival Atmosphere Heralds Start Of Huge Exposition By MIX SYMONB Gates of Utahs greatest 1948 edition of the state were thrown Piiday at amid a blare of band music and carinval atmos phere heralding the biggest and most representative display in the states Opening of the nineday cele bration became official when June Miss Utah for cut ribbons at the fairgrounds en trance and a few minutes later at the door of the expansive coun ty exhibits including brief ad dresses by fair board followed parade and drill by the John Sexton school band of acclaimed by the firstday crowd for an outstanding exhibition of precision Theobald Sounds Keynote Keynote of the fair was voiced by secretaryman who concluded opening cere monies with assurance that every effort has been made to make the fair a show window our Chief feature of the show win dow is the county exhibits build featuring displays set up by 21 Utah counties and laying the fairs agricultural Prize winning specimens of grains and vegetables grown in Utah will be in the spotlight through the Condensed State Tour But a wide variety of other ex hibits in more than a dozen other display buildings will offer visi tors a condensed tour of the state and visws of its finest Sfeview of Utah with em phaais on stands second only to And domestic fine arts and hunting and fishing will eome in for their share of atten tion in other Dominant feature of Saturdays activities will be livestock exhibi tion and described by Fred and Jesse Emery fair board the great est dairy and beet exhibit in the state for many Livestock Judging Scheduled for Saturday morn ing is judging Of auiieclasses the more than 400 beef and dairy 150 85 hogs and 66 horses Also listed for Saturday is Judging in 4H club and Future Farmers of America wops and meal preparation Winners will be announced Sat urdayafternoon and Mineral extraction in Utah will be depicted in miniature by a series of mining building complete with a scale model See Page Column 4 UtahWyoming Coal Halt Points to Tieup Beauty Queen Joins in Official Opening June Utah of cuts ribbon at state fairgrounds signaling opening of 1949 Utah state fair Friday at Fred fair board and greet first visitors to continue through Sept Senate Rejects Steel Official For High Job 16 The senate Friday rejected Carl ngenfritz for a high defense post because he refused to give up the salary he draws from Steel The chamber turned down nrftr S ff SATURDAY PROGRAM Here is the state fair program scheduled for Salt Tooele and Davis county day accepted for entry at floriculture 9 judging teams meet in junior building for assign grade judging contest in for crops and meal 11 buildings 1 judging in 4H crops and 5 sawing jun ior on Ice in display northeast of Band concerts will be presented at 2 6 and 7 the big steel executive by a vote of 40 to Truman hkd picked ngen fritz as chairman of the munitions board to direct advance planning for nation wide industrial mobilization in the event of another Administration predictions that the nomination would be con firmed backfired after Harry Byrd told the chamber it would be setting a bad prece and that a man can not serve two Bgenfritz made an eleventh hour offer to work for the govern ment for that was le gally insisted he could not afford to give up his salary as a vice president of He is in charge of the com panys As chairman of the munitions Dgenfritz would have had the task of assigning military buy ing and fixing priorities for buy President Approves Truman had personally ap proved the policy of Hgenfritz drawing two and in this connection administration leaders cited the presidents frequent com plaints that he was unable toget high caliber men for important but lowpaying government Leading the fight aginst con Byrd said he was not questioning ngenfritz charac integrity or He pointed that Steel has a big stake in military Snyder Believes DollarShort Europe Should Devaluate ie of the Treasury John Snyder said emphatically Friday he be lieves dollarshort European gov ernments should consider devalua tion M a means of boosting their exports to the United Experts explained Snyders sug gestion this way If Britain reduced value of the British pound sterling from its present it would have the effect of lowering the prices of British goods shipped to the United Tliis would because Americans then would be able to buy more British goods for their And in would tend to stimulate American pur chases of British teyder his views on de valnattosi at a shortly before the windup of the annual meeting of the 48 nation world bank and interna tional monetary Devaluation was a touchy sub ject during the Snyder also told newsmen it is positive and will remain posi tive that United States in tends to stand firm on its ounce price for buying de spite the clamor from goldpro ducing countries for a higher As to the treasury chief declarer has exerted no pressure on any government to cheapen Its either during the conference talks or in private Britain has steadfastly refused to consider cutting the value of pound star MILITARY DOVETAIL West Nations Complete Single Defense Outline Sept 18 Plans for lining up the defenses of western Europe fad North Amer ica under single grand strategy were virtually completed here Fri day by officials of the Atlantic These calling for a coor zation under direction of defense will be laid before the council of the North Atlantic treaty at its first meeting Satur Quick approval of the initial blueprint is Saturdays Atlantic council meeting will top off a week of ex Chieftain Tells Navy Brass To Stop Blasts 16 UP of the Navy Francis Matthews Friday ordered naral of ficers to stop sounding off in pub lid about the unification controver sy stirred up anew by outspoken John He said officers who share Crom melins fear for the navys future can have their they submit their views to navy head quarters through But his stronglywortied direc tive to all navy said success of the unification program and the maintenance of harmony among the services have been jeopardized by the series of unau thorized public statements by Crommelin and naval officers who rallied to his support Nary Jeopardized 46yearold naval flier who commanded the carrier Saipan during the charged in a statement to the press last Satur day that the army and air force have teamed up under unification to wreck the navys fighting power and take over the defense estab lishment Retired William Bull Halsey and several other high naval officers later issued state ment1 of support for In his directive Mat thews told naval officers that he has no intention ol impairing their right of free expression of Wants Views Channeled But I believe a more appropri ate and effective procedure would be to transmit those views to me through channels in accordance with article 1245 of navy regula he While he did not say specifi cally how he plans to keep that he indicated the state ments might be laid before the house armed services committee which has been investigating the sir forcenavy row over aviation Iraordinary diplomatic activity which has produced a new degree of coordination of cold war policies among the Big Three of the west ern The defense committee will be composed of the defense or their of each of the 12 countries possibly excepting That island rampart has I no armed forces and therefore no i top defense Under the defense the council is expected to create a series of committees which will be concerned with organizing the par ticular defenses of each region of the western EuropeanNorth At Apparently well informed sources claim that the plan pro vides for five of these regions as follows the North 12 nations will be directly involved in strategic problems of the greaf mainly problems of keeping sea and air lanes open in event of North and the United States would have pri mary responsibility for making I plans in this These two coun tries already are linked under a wartime defense agreement Northern coun tries chiefly involved here are Norway and Western basic grouping is already provided through the Brussels treaty mem I bership composed of Bel the Netherlands and Its defense forces are under a joint command headed by Field Marshal Bernard Mont Western France and PRO 1 EM Chief Named At Kennecott NEW SepL 16 who virtually grew up with the Copper was designated Friday to serve as the companys chief executive of He will act as president until a successor to the late Stan nard has been Stannard was killed 9 in an airplane along with Arthur Kenneeott presidentdesig and Russell vice president in charge of Kennecotts iron and titanium Now Ulrich been vice president and treasurer of Kenne cott and president of Kennecott Sales He lives in New York and has no The announcement by the board of directors said that for reasons of health Ulrich has requested re tirement early in The directors Friday elected Vice President Kinneer as a member of the Kennecott Anton chief was named a vice president CHEVG STEPS IN Union Accept Capital Meet Bid Sept 18 The CIO United Steelworkers and the steel industry Friday accepted a government invitation to mediation conference to head off a nationwide steel CIO Philip Murray and Steel accepted without hesitation an offer from Federal Mediation Director Cyrus Ching to meet with him in Washington Smaller steel companies fell in line with big steel and agreed to the conference with Ching in the hops that strike of Steelworkers beginning Sept 25 could be First to Follow Lead Republic Steel Bethlehem New and Jones and Laughlin Steel among the first to follow Steels stepped into the dispute after giving up hope that the in dustry and the United Steelwork ers would get together of their own He called the debate by tele graph message between Murray and Benjamin presi Steel and companies deplor dent of other steel Ching said the argument be tween them may spring from a verbal misunderstanding rather than from irreconcilable funda mental differences in Duty to Investigate He said it was his duty to find out what is holding up arrange ments for collective bargaining which should avert disastrous stoppage of work and operations in this The federal mediation chief said he would try to bring the com panies and the union together on a general He said he does not anticipate mediation on a companybycompany basis as the steel companies If attempts to settle the dis pute Steelworkers were primed to walk off the job at the strike They will be followed by other CIO U S W members as contracts with smaller companies and fabricators strike could be averted if they would agree with the union and public opinion to accept the rec ommendations of the factfinding board as a basis for We are ready and willing to resume collective bargaining and to reach prompt agreement with you on the basis of the boards Murray Bethlehem Steel had mean while urged Murray make every reasonable effort to avoid a Hungary Says Plots Revolt Sept 18 UP Laszlo Tiungarys 2 Communist testi fied in a fivehour confession Fri day that the United States and Yugoslavia blackmailed him into becoming a spy who plotted the overthrow of the Hungarian gov Rjak named Joseph Cardinal now in a Hungarian as leader of a Vatican scheme to help him take over the Hungarian government by inciting antigovernment riots to coincide with a coup to be touched off by the murder of three of Hungarys top Communist Marathon Confession The tall and slightly stooping Rajk told the court in his mara thon confession that American secret agents forced him to spy for them by threatening to expose his earlier career as an antiCom munist stool whs rose to the pest of Hungarian said towed by news of the resignation of one of the Ezra Van Horn of Van rep resenting coal quit in a letter dated Sept ing it was not prompted by Fri days In fact Van Horn reportedly cast the tone vote against sus pending the miners pension and welters the multibillion dollar welfare fund hadboen seriously diminished by refusal rf some southern opera tors to continue chipping in their 20cehtsaton Lewis warned earlier this week that social convulsions were in iwUMenrt mtwttiiM With minister to Budapest SeMen Chapin to plot intrigue against the Hungarian In Washington Chapin called a press conference Friday and described Rajks testimony ss completely without He said he had talked with Rajk Murray earlier Friday had notij on business but had never con fisd basic steel companies that the Gray Releases Vet Policy Refund Basis 16 The top dividend checks to be sent to World U veterans on their national service life insurance will be for Dividends will start going out in Veteran Administrator Carl Gray disclosed this Friday in releasing the formula to be used in distributing the dividend among some veterans and their dependents and The to be paid before next June not subject to income Veterans nuurt apply for and about threefourths of them have already done The Gray is cal culated on the basis of a dividend of 55c for each of for each month the policy was in force before its anniversary date in for all policyholders who were aged 40 cryounger at the time the policy was For older the dividend declines gradually until It is 20c a for each of insur for veterans 55 andover the policy was j The scale age 41 at 52c I 49c 46c 43c 40c 37c 34c 31c 28c 25c 24c 23c 22c For ordinary commercial life in the typical monthly pre mium for of term insurance at age 21 is the veterans ad ministration For national service life Insur ance it is And the man who took it out at 31 will now get a 55c spired with His confession was the most elaborate and detailed since the Moscow purge trials a decade Highlights of Recital He dwelled almost eagerly on every point as he stood before a microphone in the marble pillared Hungarian metal workers Highlights of his confession were American secret service come of them illegally in forced him into becom ing their antiCommunist agent by threatening to expose his back ground as a Trotskyite plotting against the Cardinal Mindszenty was planning a Vaticaninspired cam paign calling for widespread uivil disobedience aimed at inciting Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia himself is connected with the American spy Yugoslav minister of the in terior Alexander Rankovic was the master mind of the plot and ordered him to liquidate his top Hungarian Communist He often held secret meeting with Chapin and two American army officers he identified as a certain Lieutenant Colonel Ko vacs and Martin 8000 Leave TwoState Lewis Stops Welfare Pay 16 A strike coal miners was feared Friday night as MOO Utah Wyoming U M W members left the declaring they woold return until they get a contract The walkout came as Lewis suspended miners payments because of of Lewis carefully refrained from but walkout of western miners seemed to have set the patten a work Eastern and southern miners wera not at work Friday because they are on a threeday wgefc crderad by Their intentions will be come known Van Horn fatfgBS the sudden order halting wel paymenU was quickly fare lol store if change the southerners did not their But the southerners persisted in their re saying there was not legal basis for the payments since their contract with Lewis has Revenues So Friday the welfare fund headed by sus pended disability pay and other benefits to miners because of diminishing tor Styles Bridges one of the said the fund had dwindled from on July 1 to on Sept A United Press dispatch said that Bridges and Van Horn voted to Manual sal aries as trustees of the welfare and retirement tai of some criticism wfcen H learned he drew pay as a trustee as well as a said he of fered a resolution temporarily dis rantlmilniT l industry spokesmen feared the benefit suspension meant a full scale This prospect arose at a time when the antion also is facing a threat of a strike Sept 25 in an other basic The government Friday persuaded both See Page S Eccles Objects To Wage Hike 16 UP member of the Federal Reserve said Friday night a fourth round of wage increases would be a mis Edcles objected also to industry financed retirement and programs for organized The former chairman of the Fed eral Reserve board made his re marks on Mutual Broadcasting systems Meet the Press pro I think a fourth round of wage increases for organized labor would be a mistake for the reason that organized labor is a small part of COAL STOPPAGE Welfare Issue Seen Cause For Walkout Approximately 9000 coal xtiiaars Friday remained off thaif a the Wyoming and Utah coal halting production without notice to operators and apparently foreshadowing a nationwide pre duction stoppage in the coal in dustry on The miners action was not ac companied by union announce ments either from UMWs dis trict headquarters at Rock Springs or from the unions ra tional bat Houston district said it was a protest against snspanaloa of miners welfare fund paynsBta by Few With exception of a few all coal production stopped Friday in the Rock r field and in the fields in The UtahWyoming apparently as the lowerincome Eccles I thinkthat prices should come down rather than wage raises be In answer to a direct Eccles said he was not in favor of private welfare or re tirement plans on an industryby industry weather on the Utah natten supposed in most psiis of try minai were mal in At Rock who was reelected recently as president of UMWs ming said that this was not a called strike and disclaimed any advance knowledge of the walkout until mine opsrators menced calung him Friday nom Concerted Aettev He emphasized that this was concerted action ton the part of the men themselves and their pro test against the action of coal miners in suspending into the welfare stcrm cen ter of John Lewis program for the coal of the Western coal mines lave con tinued to work fiveday without contracts pending con tract until the walk out which halted coal production in the two mtermountain unexpectedly Friday First immediate effect butsida of the coal wasseen at rail road offices in Rock Springs and Green River crews of serving the mine territory as as in the served notice suspending their jobs for the duration cf tis diction is that yard switehlnf forcea will also be reduced as their principal job the makinf np of coal This will also ha re flected in reduced UntaaPaeiQc coal throwing add men out of work Martin said that his investiga tions disclosed that the walkout had extended to all producers in the two states by Frida See after POORLY FED Three Britons Flee Russ Jail BULLETIN 17 Two womes lost their lives and more than SO persons were injured Saturday wheD fire gutted the Canadian steam ship passenger steamship Noronic as she toy at her Sept UEVFour western an American and three broke to freedom Thursday midnight from a So viet prison in which they said they were beaten and poorly fed tor The American is Pvt John of a veteran of 21 of tough campaigning in the Pacific who disappeared from his unit of the 16th infantry regiment here last The who face charges of bsent without leave at the time of their arrest 18 months wen identified by British army autharirtea as John Boni Morris Sullivar and Arthur dirty and marked by prison the four made their way on foot to safety In the west ern sectors early All were tanks and troops of the Amerl The Britons were re ported in poor physical The army said Sienkiewicz was m generally weakened physi cal but cot undernour Sienkiewicx said hwas nabbed by a RusstMt officer when he a street car intothe Soviet sector by mistake 5 and his carried on his identification led the Russians to believe he was a Polish displaced person be ing used as a The ctockily built soldier told tales of ice water of long of X4 hours in a cell without room to ait or kneel and of having the hell slapped out of said he was questioned day and night for the first 16 dtys of his arrest They asked me about can army and promised that if t told them they would let me he When I refused to aa swer a highranking Russian of ficer slapped me in tin After that they my clothes away from and me the cold water treatment That was In February and they took Into a room and stood me kneedeep m tee water for M The British slso told ot ice immersions and other They reported a fourth BriOsh dier still U in the Soviet Accounts of the nddsJcht escape varied in minor hat agreed Suulvan pierced either with a ar Metal kg off hie and than off the of the the They fM a wall topped ay   

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