Thursday, September 15, 1949

Salt Lake Tribune

Location: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - September 15, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS M Network tibnnt WEATHEB etaar aad M M 154 SALT LAKE THURSDAY SEPTEMBER PRICE FIVE CENTS Steel Refuses Oketi Of Plan for CIO Truce As Senate Foreign Relations Committee Honors Bevin Foreign secretary of Ernest a capitol party in Ms honor given by the senate foreign relations Lunching with British dollar envoy at of State Dean Tom Connolly Meet Centers On Japan Treaty 14 of State Dean Acheson and British Foreign Krnest Bevin centeredtheir on Eu rope and the after agreeing that a Japanese pettce treaty is urgently needed for a longdelayed Acheson reported the two in agreement on the need for the auu indicated the United States and Britain may make a new bid to Soviet Russia to end a two year deadlock over what coun tries shall take part in drafting Frown on Invasion At the same time it was learned that the two governments frown on the idea advanced in Athens of a Greek invasion of Albania to block further support from that country for the Communist For the second the two top policy chiefs were tackling the pressing cold war political prob lems which confront the western Joint Statement They said in a joint statement at the end of an hourlong meeting at the State department that the dis cussion was largely on political developments in including the Also taken up were problems concerned with the for mation here next Saturday in the 12nation North Atlantic pact The exchange of views was described as mutually satisfac Then Acheson and Bevin went to the capitol for luncheon with members of the senate foreign re lations Foreign Policy Review The foreign policy which began Tuesday with a three hour discussion of far east and middle east will be broadened Thursday into a three power meet ing following the arrival of French Foreign Minister Robert All three plan to go to New York for the opening there next Tuesday of the United Nations general Achesons report on the Anglo American stand on the Japanese treaty was given at a news confer He announced first that the United States has decided now to turn over to the the long dispute with Communist and Hungary over al leged violation of their treaty pledges to respect human and then replied to reporters ques Japan Peace Stalled Plans for the Japanese treaty have been deadlocked for two years bfcnuse of Russias insistence that It be drafted by the major Pacific powers The United States and other nations which fought Japan want 11 countries to have The United Acbcson thought the treaty was an urgent matter two years ago and still thinks He said the British have the came idea and that he and Bevin were going over the issue to try to find new ideas on how to Solon Says World Destiny Lies In 14 UP Tom Connally of the senate foreign re lations committee told Britains Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin Wednesday that the United States and Great Britain could control the destiny of the world if they work Connally reported oh eon given Bevin by members of the senate foreign relations Bevin expressed the Connally that the two na tions would continue on a cor dial and intimate relationship Connaiiy said In this dark if America and Britain work in they can revitalize the and it from the evil forces which seek to destroy parlia mentary government and all our civilization stands Deficit Mounts Billion 14 UP government is spending 8c for every nickel it takes treas ury reports showed and the economy bloc in congress is ready to get up in arms about Treasury for the first 10 weeks of the 1950 fiscal year placed spending at and income from taxes at The deficit was a whop ping for the first 10 weeks after If spending continues at that the deficit for the whole year could top Harry S Truman dropped his request for a tax increase to raise more revenue congress opposed Senate foreign policy leaders al ready had put the Ua on any more overseas appropriations ihis year beyond the arms aid Chairman Tom Connally of the foreign relations com mittee said the arms aid measure now awaiting senate action will be the last of its kind this Cripps Staff Denies Intent To Cut Value of Pound 14 is under pressure from three sides United some Euro pean governments and some of her own commonwealth countries cut the value of the pound as a solution to the dollar A treasury pointed to themost cent public statement of Sir Staf ford chancellor of the that Britain Kan not the slightest intention of devaluing her Dental Dixnatah Asked directly by reporters about a London dispatch published in the Nevf Tfork Times that Brit ain may reduce the value of the pound this week end from its present official level of to the spokesman said The story Is not I can only refer you to past pronounce ments on the subject by the chan cellor of the This made July 6 to the house of was that Britain intended to stand on the present pound Sir Stafford told reporters in New York 7 he was sticking by that Fear Speculation Financial observers nev that no government would indicate officially in ad vance that it has or is even of its To do so would invite worldwide speculation in the Rumor and speculation concern ing the pound spurted anew fol lowing conclusion of the CanadianBritish dollar talks in Washington and open ing of the annual meeting of the World Bank and Monetary furd in the United States capital Tues Secret Talks The question of devaluing the pound and other European cur rencies is Dialed for dis cussion by the board of governors of the The funds annual report Tuesday urged nations with a chronic dollar shortage to take devaluation of their currencies as a way The in a passage which seemed aimed directly at Cripps program of said de valuation might be better than prolonged and extreme dependence on restrictions and discrimina tions in Such it intended to divide the world into tnUtag A devalued pound would mean that Britain could offer her goods at lower prices in foreign cur rencies and compete more strong ly in foreign at least to start The official British position has been that the advantage would soon that the raw materials Britain would buy in dollar mar kets would cost her CALLOUS DISREGARD Will Urge Help To Bring Balkan Peace 14 The United States will carry to the United Nations its charges that Communist Hun gary and Romania show callous disregard of peace treaty pledges to protect human of State Dean Achwon disclosed this at a news confer ence The action will be the latest in a long and in creasingly bitter series of ex changes between the United States and Britain on one hsnd and the three Russian satellites on the other over the methods by which the in those countries and consolidated their American and British allegations of peace treaty violttion were based on charges that the Bul Hungarian and Romanian Communist regimes had smashed opposition political sup pressed free denied free worship and otherwise robbed their people of democratic The two western powers for mally accused them of violating their peace treaty The satellite with ob vious Russian rejected the Thereupon London and Washington sent notes invok ing peace treaty provisions for setting up commissions to settle the Acheson reported Wednesday that with their usual unanimity Hungary and Romania had sll rejected the commission Bastogne Hero Named Army Chemical Chief 11 UP Anthony McAu who told the Nazis nuts when they demanded his sur render at was nom inated by Harry S Truman Wednesday to replace AWen Waitt as army chemical warfare a key figure in the sen ate investigation of the capitals busy influence was ousted from the post last Satur day by Army Gordon Gray in the best interests of the serv He will retire 30 on a pension of a Washington Native The 51yearold a native of has been commander of the 24th infantry division in Japan since last Truman also nominated him for promotion to the permanent rank of major His pres ent permanent rank is brigadier He created a World War U classic when he rejected with s terse nuts a German surrender demand after the Nazis tied sur rounded his beleaguered 101st airborne division at Bastogne dur ing the battle of the He since has held a number of im portant Waitt was suspended July 16 with Herman army quartermaster after senate investigators produced testimony linking them with James another central figure ia ths five percenter Forced to Retire Feldmsn was restored to duty but Waitt wasfoteea into retire ment for irregular He admitted writing a memo for Harry White House military in which he blackbatted eight officers he considered rivals for his McAuliffes name was not on the Intimates said McAuliffe should be able to heal any breaches which have developed in the chem ical service a result of the Waitt He wu a pioneer in the use of paratroopers and airborne armies in World War CLARK TELLS Business Lacks Courage To Stop Statism Trend Trustees of other peoples businessmen and indus trialists have displayed a sheeplike lack of courage in fighting governmental intrusions upon the liberties of the American Reuben Clark first counselor in the first Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday told delegates to the National Association of Mutual Insurance Companies Wednesday in the Hotel Clark way guest speaker at a general business session which selected for the 1950 convention city elected new officers and adopted The plain and simple issue facing the American the church leader is freedom or He criticized several governmen tal policies as deliberately planned steps to first break down con stitutional protections against gov ernment and then to establish new but Accept what has business and industry done about all this rev olutionary activity he They talked and complained some of the leaders made speeches against it magazines they could reach wrote articles about it they pamphleteered the Their lawyers but advised acqui Business and industry neither planned no did anything effec There was no concerted ef There was only one Sewell only one Vivian and only one Hutzler A thousand of thousands were suffering in unisonwould have changed his Shiver at Shadows But business officials were afraid of their stockholders and their outcry against deads IswyWr of getting whipped in the courts businessmen felt vigorous action might further disturb busi ness bankers and I am a bank director shivered at their own So one constitutional right after another was yielded without real our backs setting nearer to the wall with each It is now proposed we retreat still Is not this suicide Is any one so naive as to think things will right themuelves without s fight There has been no more fight in us than there is in a bunch of and we have been much like Freedom was never brought on a silver nor maintained with whisk brooms and lavender Denounced Satism Clark denounced the policy of traveling along the road to statism which he defined as either communism or socialism to avoid trouble or to avoid upsetting busi This he ig the equivalent of giving an un armed who has declared his intention of looting first a bludgeon and then a gun and then inviting him into your home in order to avoid Better take your trouble to begin before he has the the bludgeon and is in your than after tie is fully and Our real enemies are commu nism and its running so Have you ever known or heard of either of them falter ing or yielding its aims and pur or showing pity or mercy for its or slackening its tyrannical once or passing by any opportunity to push one thing seems See Page Column S Foreign Countries Owe More Than Billion 14 UP countries owe the United States not counting the repudiated World War I debt the com merce department reported Britain accounts for or about 49 of the total foreign It France is in second the government covered loans and other repayable credits extended bythe government through the AngloAmerican loan agree the Marshall Eu ropean recovery plan and other postwar It dJd not include the billions of dollars in outright grants which country extended to western Most of the Marshall plan aid has been in the form of grants instead of Rejects Board Findings 3 O Pending New Parleys O v Sept 14 United State Steel Wednesday night rejected the recommendations of the presidential factfinding board in a showdown dispute with the Congress of Industrial Organizations which seemed almost certain to bring a national strike in 10 The biggest steel company and the largest CIO union clashed head on over the portion of the boards report calling for a companyfinanced insurance snd pension program for the steel and the United Steel had stated bluntly Wednesday that the union would not bargaining tiniest the steel com panies gave straightforward acceptance of the boards report as the union had Principals in Significant Dispute Benjamin president of Steel Wednes day told Philip and Ms ttaited Steelworkers be wwtMl not accept presidential board findings without further Reply by Benjamin head of Steel replied Wednes day night That is unacceptable to United States Those apparently adamant stands made it most likely that Murray would catt out the basic and the 000 In subsidiary when the present trace brought about by Barry 8 Truman expires at Sept whose statement Is likely to set the pattern for tbs entire explained la de tail Steers rejection of the factfinding In the first he the board was set up by the president with the express provision that its findings wen not to be binding on either FesvtoosasNM Lewis Warns NoPay Policy 14 Lewis threw out an other demand for unpaid coal roy liV With ft tion that nopay policy can start a social convulsion in the atins time he sought help from the billiondollar Cleveland Trust in his dispute with Southern coal operators over the 20c a ton levy which goes into the miners welfare Cleveland Trust officials re plied that it controls no coal com panies and could not accede to his request to force coal firms to continue making royalty payments to the miners welfare Lewis did not specify the exact type of convulsion he was talking Eases Strike Threat This surprise postponing a showdown over the seemed to any threat of a strike There had been some strike rumors among the rank and file miners as contract talks resumed here between the United Mine Workers and the southern opera Almost at the hour negotiations were Lewis made public a telegram to chairman of the Cleveland Trust at He appealed to the giant bank to use its power as trustee of the Holden estate to make James Jim Francis pay Blames Francis Francis is president of the Hold en estates Island Creek and Pond Creek Pocahontas Coal companies in West They produce about onetenth of the tons turned out each year by the members of the Southern Coal Pro ducers Lewis blames Francis for spear heading the revolt against paying the royalty which finances a month pensions and other Tuesday the mine union presi dent sent Francis a telegram ask ing him to please remit and backed it up by what coal sources termed a strike Francis told Lewis the impasse could be ended by signing a Lewis Wires Bans Lewis told Freiberger in Wednesdays telegram I telegraph to inquire whether you will not exercise your great influence and control of Fran cis and his coal companies to di rect him to abandon his mad pol icy of making war on ailing men and Your with its many derives its rev enues from the savings of men and women who work for a living in the industrial sections of land and its I am sure that neither yon nor they will condom the sav age policy of Francis which may precipitate a social convul sion in the mining areas of this Operators producing 25 to SO million tons of coal annually in the southern fields have held back the July due They say the contract which re quired theroyalty expired June Lewis ordered miners to con tinue work indefinitely under the old but limited the work week to three days to help cut abnormal stockpiles of coal while he Lewis stayed away from Wednesdays though he kept all hands guessing whether he would arrive Thursday or go to White Sulphur for conferences with mine owners from other parts of the na The northwest meetings re sume there although Murray said ft with great Sjw Gold Find Hits a Ton Sept 14 re ported gold strike in the once booming silver district of sent a wave of excitement through oldtime hardrock miners Discovery of a 10 to 14inch wide vein of ore assaying a ton and containing gold in crystalline rarity in Colo rado mining dis closed by an engineer at a meeting of the Denver Mining Engineer Pronunel said the discovery wss made by two prospectors who were working an independent lease near one time silver boom camp of the 1880s which now is populated by only Evalyn Walsh McLeans Tom struck it rich Camp Bird mineof the Ouray dis trict a few miles to of As to the IQcsnhour pension and insurance plan would be financed solely by the steel Fairitss said it would udfot this accepted reluctance to the findings against any straight fourthround wage increase at this He called on the steel Industry to match the union Fairless replied sharply that Steel was willing to discuss welfare benefits in intelligent bargaining bift felt itrongljrihat as well as their em should contribute to such A fourthround wage he never had much sub stance to support it Tha board he that it might dangerously inflationary to raise wages now but apparently did not realize that the pension and insurance nrogranv would be almost as the price of the basic product of steel by a Fairless made it plain be was not going to surrender to the union ultimatum that steel accept he boards report In a telegram to he said Tour Responsibility If you persist in your unwill ingness to engage now in further collective bargaining the responsibility is not The Steel reply came in the form of a lengthy statement and ait accompanying te to The United Workers headquarters said there would be no union reply Wednes day In his Fairless said has tele graphed us in reply that his union will not meet wittt us in collective bargaining negotiations until we have accepted the recom Column telegram ed Steel Senate Tariff Conflict Votes on Peril Point Today 14 Kenneth Wherry of Nebraska charged Wednesday the adminis tration is bent on tearing away the last shred of tariff protection for American industry and He Mgutd the ptrU point restriction which be and other Republicans wont to write into the reciprocal trade agreements bill is merely a reasonable safe Willis Robertson aligned with administration forces opposing the fired back that it unwise and The senate begi day 3 other vote on the bin The house already has approved ths legisla tion which would restore the prod this end dents power to make mutual tariff cutting agreements with other na tions and extend that power until June Republican senators sparked by Eugene Mlllikin want to put icmt curb the presidents right to cut import duties SA much as 90 iwtow the 1945 Undsr their the tariff cemmission wvild fU levels below which it judges the tates could not be cut without damaging American producers or manufac If the presMsnt deddad to disregard