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Salt Lake Tribune: Monday, September 12, 1949 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - September 12, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                RADIO NEWS Netwark tibnnt WEATHER If 151 THE SALT LAKE September PRICE FIVE Bitter Fight Seen On Reich Ballot Victory for Coalition Faces Tough Opposition Today 11 bitter political struggle seemed to be brewing Sunday night over election of the first postwar German federal president Right wing coalition leaders grew pessimistic at chances of getting an overwhelming vote for their Theodor chairman of the Free Democratic party They still expressed confidence they would But several said privately they expected the leftist Social Demo cratic party SPD to offer a rival candidate make a determined fight of it on the parliament Right wingers argue that the presidency is above politics and that all parties should join in a show of unanimity for a man from the coalition But the so far have turned a deaf ear to suggestions that the office should go without The S PD is not expected to disclose its exact strategy until a party caucus Monday That is only a few hours before 402 parliament deputies and an equal number of state delegates begin voting in the Russ Isolation Tito Czechs Allege 11 bigscale plot by Mar anal Tito of Yugoslavia to form eastern Europe into a against Soviet Russia was charged by Czechoslovak Communists Sun The official Communist news paper Rude Pravo Red said the alleged antigovernment plot disclosed Saturday in Hun gary was only part of It said assassination of various Hungarian government leaders and a military attack on Hungary were opening steps af Titos cam paign to organize antiSoviet forces in the peoples democracies in the Soviet and to sow dissension in those countries far the benefit of the western powers in their cold with the Soviet Accuse Aincricanfi Rude Pravo charged thafrjttonttat American imperialists supported in his The newspaper said Titos plan was outlined secretly in Buda pest in by Alex ander minister of the who waa smuggled across the border into There be met with one of the ringleaders lisjOo the isewswper one of the eight who goes on trial Sept was formerly Hungarian min ister of interiorJ and was foreign minister until his recent arrest The alleged plot included a plan to assassinate Matyas Hungarian vice premier and head of the countrys political party Assassinations Plotted Another nigh ranking Gyorgy had been delegated to malte prepara tions inside the army for the Hun garian governments Rude Psavo said in an echo of official Hungarian statements on the Inside friction between the state and the Roman Catholic church Priests preached Sunday on the opening of the new school year and told parents and children Catholicism must be the leading guide to life for the Their attack on education MarxistLeninist lines was unde terred by reports from Catholic sources that Czechoslovak police had arrested two a sem inary rector and two nuns in the Hradec Kralove diocese of eastern Its 1941 in Ethiopia ADDIS 11 which keeps a calendar all its celebrated New Years day Emperor Haile Selassie held open house at his palace and a thousand sheep were slaughtered for the traditional New Years day feast of raw Frequently Mentioned Most frequently mentioned as a Socialist presidential candidate is Wilhelm lord mayor of Both Heuss snd Kaisen are scholarly wellliked personally by almost all party A HeussKaisen contest would provide a clearcut test of right and left Some rightwingers have ex pressed concern that the SPD might adopt a more complex nomination of some body from the left wing of the conservative Christian Democratic union This if could con fuse the election CDU Backs Heusa The strongest party in the federal elections ia backing Heuss with the expecta Theodor Hems Odds favor winning Reich Viking Rocket Test Fizzles 33 Miles Up WHITE SANDS PROVING 11 UP latest venture in rocket the Vik fizzled out 33 miles from earth after reaching a top speed ofonly 1775 miles an the navy disclosed The first a pencil miles and a top speed of 3450 replace the dwindling supply of bulkier German reached 50 miles an da top speed of 3450 eet per second last May Tops V2 Missile photographers and newsreel men were allowed to wit ness the Viking launching for the first time last Navy party votes that in a clear left sad plus solid support of the strong The S P D adopted a similar tac tie only last Wednesday to upset the conservative leaders apple It threw its support to Karl a CDU and helped elect him president of the upper house when it saw it could not elect a member of its own Political observers saw the pos sibility of the presidential elec tion being a long drawnout pro Austria Clerics Decrete Vote Sept 11 Roman Catholic bishops issued a joint decree Sun day making it mandatory for all believers to vote as Catholics against an antichurch Leftist dic tatorship in the Oct 9 The Presidium of the Catholic the Joint organization of all Austrian by inference ordered Catholics to vote for Chancellor Leopold Figls Peoples and termed it a sin if Catholics who are eligible to vote do not go to the polls to cast their before in history were there such important national elections in Austria as those of 1949 will the decree Freedom and wellbeing of our fatherland as well as the fate of the church are at The decision is either democracy and freedom of religion or an anti church Leftist touch and improving the quality project of the naval researcft la said it would be reason able to assume that the Viking would have more accuracy in mili tary use than the He also said that the entire rocket pro gram leads towards the business of interplanetary Viking Lighter last weeks shot fell far short of clearing even earths atmosphere because of a prema ture burnout of its fuel a com pound of alcohol and liquid Failure of the rocket to clear the denser strata of atmosphere sur rounding the earth held down its top speed during the 49necond While it embodies many princi ples of the the American Viking is can carry a greater payload and can be con trolled more Experts estimate its potential as a 100 mile vertical flight at speeds well above those recorded to Maximum in 70 Seconds The second Viking was expected to reach its maximum range in 70 scientists and cameramen watched from concrete or earthen barricades as the rocket fuel was touched off by remote control from the main Twenty thousand pounds of gas pressure lifted 43foot pro jectile slowly at first then gradu ally faster until it disappeared from sight as a huge steam cloud boiled from a water pit beneath the launching Elaborate electronic tracking equipment went into action as the rocket fuel and trailed the Viking throughout its the breakover and its fall to Jeepborne search sped from the launching site as soon as its approximate landing spot was RUSS TANK DAY CHARGE West Bloc Plots Atomic War 11 ficial newspapers accused the west ern powers Sunday of brandishing atomic weapons as they prepared for a new war and reassured the Russian people that we have armed forces on which we can Marshal Semyon chief of the Sovietarmored wrote in the Communist organ Pravda as Russia celebrated Tank day that Russian people were immune to the threat of atomic weapons which can fright en only those with weak Moscow radio quoted Bogdan ov as saying Russian military equipment has always been su perior to all types of our enemies The Soviet people cannot for get for one minute that the im perialists are preparing s new war and grandieh atomic weapons which incidentally can frighten only those with weak Bog tfanov The great patriotic war convincingly proved that our people never suf fered from weak We have armed forces on which we can Bogdanov claimed Russia pro duces more and better tanks than anyone else in the world and dis closed that a group of designers recently won a Stalin prize for creating a brand new type of The army newspaper Red Star warned the armed forces to be in constant combat readiness be cause AngloAmerican reaction aries were planning anew A Red Star editorial said the fatherland demands constant com bat readiness of the armored forces to protect the peaceful la bor of the Soviet Defense Minister Alexander Vas ilevsky began Sundays celebra tion by ordering 20 artillery sal vos fired in Moscow snd 15 other Soviet cities ia honor of the fight ing tank High ranking army orators and military and civilian writers snd editors stressed that Russia had invented the tank and produced bigger snd better tanks during the war than any other They said Russian still maintains that All newspapers carried a large frontpage portrait cf Premier Josef whom Pravda hailed as mentor and glorious constellation of Soviet construc trainer of the superlative cadres of fighting tank Polubeyarov told IrvesUa that ComradeStalin per sonally examined the project for each new tsnk and gave the de signers When any oth er country in the world built tanks with thick powerful guns and Stalin laid down the precisely such ma so it was Jirelyg mtold sU sbr shrd May Take Asia Military Job of Britain Acheson View Switch to Help Relieve Dollar Crisis 11 UP United States may take over some of Britains Far Eastern military obligations in a move to relieve that nations dollar informed sources said These sources said the subject came up at the AmericanBritish Canadian money talks now hi progress but that no final decisions were possible because of time limitations and the possible farreaching consequences of auch of State Dean Acheson and British Foreign Minister Er nest Bevin are expected to go into the matter ir more detail this week when they review the over all international situation in light of recent developments In the cold war with AgfM OB India Acheson and Bevin to be agreed that India is the key to peace Asia and the chief obstacle to the further spread of communism in that part of the Their problem now is if cat be done to contain communism in the Far East in present The foreign ministers will hold their conference while of the John Snyder and British Chancellor of the Ex chequer Sir Stafford Cripps are attending the annual meeting of the World bank and international monetary fund which starts Tues The conferees and their experts continued work on proposed solu tions to the dpllar shortage Sun day in an effort to come up with a final aet of recommendations by late Monday Whilethat is not a Snyder said they have to finish by Aid In investments The three already have agreed fr and investment dol lars into the socalled sterling areas in an effort to rescue the empire from the economic dol In the British were said to be hopsful of getting per mission to spend European recov ery plan dollars for Canadian wheat and of obtaining a six months suspension ol article S ol the British loan agreement with the United That article requires Britain to buy a fair share of its imports in the United It is part of this countrys campaign for multi lateral trade agreements and their companion reductions in tariff Seek Duty Suspension The British were how that congress will agree to a temporary suspension of that requirement if it is explained that Britains present plight forces her to buy same goods in western Eu rope where she can get certain trade They also would like to get out from under a provision of the European recovery act which re quires Britain to spend its ISC A dollars in the United States if there is a surplus of the desired product here and Britain cannot get a better price from some other Last for the Brit ish spent about in recovery dollars for Canadian wheat This year American wheat reached the surplus stage and the Canadian purchases were By resuming that Can ada could use those dollars to buy needed American Flan More Purchases The conferees also will get rec ommendations Monday on pro posals for bigger American pur chases of strategic materials from sterling simplified customs procedures which would make it easier for the British to sell goods in this country and a further re laxation of E c A there were these other developments George Malone announced a finish fight to kill Harry S Trumans request for a threeyear extension of the reciprocal trade agreements act without the crippling amend ments approved by the Republic cansteered 80th Malone Stops In Maione said the sometimes called the keystone of American foreign would open Amer ican markets to a flood of slave labor products from the em pire nations with no advantages to the United States producer and Clarence author of Union said that devalua tion of the pound would go far in pushing Britain toward commu How Karl Marx would he if he could see Amer ican capi government officials and congressmen blithely seeking to save capitalism in Britain by a de valuation that would wipe out a great chunk of British private cap ital andthrow myriads of middle class voters into tha Steel Producers Accept Truman 10Day Truce Union Approval Expected Today on Peace Pattern Sept 11 CmHopes rode high Sunday for averting a steel strike labor begafr to expect virtually nationwide labor peace bated on withHoMteg wage boosta while granting workers Labor relations observers said that charted by Harry S Trumans steel factfinding ia a eompsUinf for auto and other industries now facing labor troubtosv Their prevailing opinion was that a lMay postponement of the steel strike for early Wednesday wiU be accepted and aa agreement worked out along the lines by the factfinding Steel Accepts tries presidents request for 10day period to provide time for bargaining on the boards A SfSIV findings was accepted Sunday bjr Oil iiVC OUiJ majftr iUsrt tociuong mi Move Today Sept 11 UP CIO United Steel Workers decide Monday whether to accept Barry 8 Trumans request for a 12day extension of the steel strike Stoelworker President Philip Murray will put the presidential request and the jrecommendattoos of the steel factfinding board be fore the unions executive board and wagepolicy committee at separate closed meetings in Pitts John secretary of the and Sir Staf ford British chancellor of the engage In serious conversation over Britains dollar They frill meet Tuesday with world tank and International monetary fond while the foreign study assumption of British far eastern HOUSE BATTLE LOOMS Anns Conciliation George Pushes for Cut cOJnprdmlse with the TSe ll The administration may to take something less than 000 000 sid for North Af treaty signers to gets its foreign arnyi through Leaders who didnt want to be quoted by name said they feel confident they can get senate ap proval of the full western European fund as the major share of the authorization in the pending But once they have cleared that leaders conceded they prob ably will have to give some ground GOP Cheered By Truman Plans for 50 11 UP Harry S Trumans deci sion to defend the record of the Slst congress was welcomed by Republicans Sunday as sign they have claimed the offensive in the 1950 battle for control of the law making Truman laid out in speeches and news conference statements last campaign strategy call ing for a switch in the role he played last year when he went up and down the country flailing the Republican 80th Reverses Position The president made it clear that he intends to praise the Slst of lawmakers as a for ward looking group who reversed the backward trend of the Robert Taft of chairman of the senate GOP policy committee told a reporter it will be all right with him if Truman chooses to carry his fight to the country Hes welcome to come into Ohio and try to explain away the fail ures of the Taft The Ohio seek ing reelection next indicated he would like to havea chance for the kind of a short rangede bate over the issues that any presl dential appearance in that state would Vows Lehman AM Truman has indicated he may go into New York to help former Herbert a in his expected battle with John Foster Dulles over Dulles senate seat but the president hasnt said anything about Ohio Most politicians here think jhat next will find Tru man stumping the critical states with an appeal to increase the Democratic strength in If that Senator Kenneth Wherry of the G O P floor said it will be good nsws for the hoUse voted only for the western European George cut in the overall told reporters he thinks a proposal to slash the western European fund to will have even wider support in the senate than it received from the combined foreign and armed services The meeting Mon day to paas finally on the have voted down Georges proposal 13 to But the Georgia senator said the decisive votes against his were cast in proxy He added that if some of the senators involved are present in they may back his pro posal in the Committee members continued efforts to compromise a battle over aid to The group voted last week to make available to the president to give military aid to nonCommunist ele ments in William said this was only an empty Arthur H Vahdenberg was reported leading com promise Chairman Tom Connally of the foreign relations committee told reporters he isnt inclined to Chairman Millard Tydings of the senate armed services committee said in a radio interview that there are some signsof dissension within Communist ranks in The Chinese people are flfding Tydings that there isnt much difference in the amount of food they get or in general condi tions when the Communists take over from the burghs Sheraton who also heads the was scheduled to meet with his member executive board at 10 and the 170raan wagepolicy at 3 The unions answer will be an after SW officials nouncedt tor Industry obfsrvets pradJcted the CIO Steal workers union met in Pittsburgh during the day but their deoisica on the truce request and conMnent on the hoards report was not pectsd before further union leader PQff WiVrVsV The steel board came out flatly against any wags increase ia steal or any other It said the nations economy is Just settling down Iron its postwar convulsions and now is a bad tine to upset that stability It also said postwar wagepries spiral to But the board strongly for inauguration of emntoyerpaid pension and insurance It workers want and swsd pro tectionagamst tbcfr sickness and iesOira the nas WMM to FIJ union would accept the armistice extension which Truman said was vital to also announced acceptance of the Murrays only comment on the indicated the steel unions position was lustifled in asking a wage boost The whole situation to up the executive board and the wage policy committee Whether the wagepolicy committee agrees to extend the or whether it agrees to accept the findings ol thft factfinding well have to wait until Monday to find MOPAC STRIKE next spring fr the steal Industjy to falls to reduce prices by Citizen Board Spurs Peace II JPl Formation of a citizens committee to bring representatives of man agement and labor together Of fered hope Sunday night for a re sumption of negotiations in the Missouri Pacific railroad assistant grand chief engineer of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and spokesman for the fourunions in agreed to meet with the committee Monday Paul chief executive of ficer of the could not be reached Russell Dear counsel for the railroads Guy Indi cated he believed the railroad would be willing to send a repre sentative to the Temporary chairman of the committee is Elmer Hit pert tsaosra Biggest 1 The unions Wggest problem ia reaching its decision was whether to become reconciled to a denial of more wages at least for the next six Its contract will be open again next May was also the feeling in the union that some steel workers stood to benefit more than others existing pension insur ance plans of varying terms are to be credited against the plans ommended by tfts factfinding But experts in business and unions agreed that a tight damp oh wags along with a big rush for playerfinanced pension and insur ance is in prospect for the nation as a worker pensionInsurance Weatherman Goes Extremist As Swelters By TMTKD 78S3S Electrical the first ap preciable snowA of temper atures over 100 degrees pleas ant autumn sun gave the nation a jigsaw puzsle weather picture While was re porting six inches of snow between Saturday Sunday the Rio Grande valley of Texas swel It reported a high of 99 de the Chicago weather bureau Large areas of Wash ington and northwestern Idaho lost electrical power because lightning storms knocked out ma jor transmission lines of the Bon neville Power administration Saturday was hardest hit Iron luiiM in Stwkane hospi tals isd to pumped by The lightning storm was the Litest in a series of such disturbances which have hit Oregon and Wash ington in five They have cmiiaeu more than 200 forest fires in that The dispatching office of the Bonneville Power administration said that four highvoltage trans mission lines between Grand Cou lee liana and Spokane were cut by Spokanes radios were silenced for a About power users in eastern Washington went without power for a half The attempts to save the ton British motor ship Pacific which smashed into rocks in a dense fog near Port had to be Gogle of ordered a skelton crew to abandon ship when he learned her back was But the eastern third of the country and the gulf states en joyed generally pleasant autumn weather as did much of the far The midwest had wide areas of and snows were ob ssrved in the adequctniy fisr its The would M boards Lewis kind for plans waa seen aa strengthening the hand of John Lewis for improving his present pension setup for coai Lewis already has a better ar rangement than that recom mended for Philip Murrays steal but the pension plan is running short ol acsey and he was expected to use the steel boards findings to press his argu By the same Lewis probably will have tough going seeking any wage increase He could try whining a shorter work sa he has dicated he without reduc ing pay The steel board warned against pay cuts as strongly aa it ruled out waga Coal Lewis resumes his aft again negotiations with the coal industry next Wednesday and Thursday at Bluefleld sad White Sulphur The butno wageboost guide laid by tha board may come np ia the auto industrys The CIO auto workers are asking more phis a psnsUmtasnr It was recalled that Ford tor last yssr was wining to give its worktrs a pension they chose a wage increase in that was a period of rising living In other aad dams to the company the beards report seen too ss a weapon in tha hands tit jto deny wage increases sad equallystrong sales print for unions to win ance or I   

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