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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - August 6, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah IntermounUin Ketwork Station BALL Throurh Continued hoi Saturday little relief Details oa Page 27 114 SALT LAKE SATURDAY AUGUST 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Matter Took Delks Jurors Find Recommend Mercy Judge Says Silence May Change Penalty Fred 29yearold curly haired was found guilty late Friday of the first 1 degree murder of Levi Pierce DelV by a 12man jury which recommended The j verdict wax returned before Third j Judge Albert Ellett at1 10 A5 Judge Ellett told the Jurors and the defendant that un less the prisoner breaks his three month and explains his position honestly and frankly and he may disregard the life imprisonment recommen dation and sentence Matter to Basis of Accusation Matteri was charged by Brigharn Roberts with having bludgeoned 61 yearold on April then selling the victirrfs panel truck and pawning his Cir cumstantial evidence established the murder occurred in a vacant apartment adloining Matteris cabin at 3115 the victim having rented parking space in the same tourist Law enforcement officers re ported Matteri since his arrest on May 8 has revealed nothing of his life nor sought to explain his possession of the Delk The defendant did not take the nor did the defense offer any Date for Sentence Hits National Draws Line for Russia Leaves Court to Await Sentence Fred found guilty Friday of first degree murder of Levi Pierce leaves citycounty building for county jail handcuffed to Deputy Paul Mazuran after hearing was set for RUT NEITHER The jurors at hav ing been deliberating since with some 90 minutes off for found themselves about divirieri between the twn i first degree one making death sentence mandatory and the other recommending life imprison it was So the one of their num ber related after the sought guidance in and a few i Spellman Clarify Stands in School Aid Split Truman Camp Offers Bill In Arms Row 5 administration Friday held out a compromise to congress in the foreign arms aid dispute I a new bill minus blank check I powers for Harry S i It makes these changes 1 It j no longer asks that Tru man be empowered to decide j what nations may receive 2 I it names the countries getting and 3 it ties arms for Atlantic in v 5vii plans to be worked out by the 12 pact Wont Give In But Truman refused to give in on one of the principal argu He stuck by the original figure which a num ber Republicans want cut in Drafted by Secretary of State Dean Acheson and approved by Secretary of Defense Louis the rewritten bill appar ently made some headway in re ducing Although others the administration was in a better position to drive for quick Offered Revision In the Chairman Tom Connally ot the foreign relations committee introduced the revised measure and said there was a fine reaction to it in his Chiang Kaishek Gets lilame for Nationalist NEW 5 UP He said it was a vast I Arthur Vandenberg ranking Republican on the raid the bill had substantially narrowed the area plans of the of China General Joins Reds Fortress Lost 5 Nationalist Chinas deputy com mander on the allimportant front north of Canton changed over to the Communists and handed them the fortress of Changsha Thursday This with part of his is expected greatly to ac celerate the Red advance on this provisional The Commu nnw only 21fi miles frnm Canton at one and the turn coat Chen knows the troop dispositions and minutes later they felt their Cardinal ers were answered when Judge Ellett summoned them into the Return to Courtroom With Matteri beingtaken back to the courtroom after spending The cardinal took the initative the evening playing cards with telephonecon Eleanor RooseveU and i I Friday bias she said gain wish to reiterate that believe in and shall ever uphold In the some Republicans no antiRoman Catholic i the American right of free speech stuck to their criticism of the cost not onl ermits but en1 of the program while welcoming night issued joint statements ap which not only permits but en text of Spellmans state ment parently designed to quell the rie In tne midst of the ing bitterness growing out of their fusion and the many regrettable controversy over federal aid to misunderstanding and misinterpre j tations over federal aid to I tion which is actually not an is I sue of any one church or any one religious but an issue of courages differences of In other changes in Rep line with this great American said again privilege I have stated it is conj the whole thing has got to be sistent and just to defend children who attend parochial and other The administrations offer to do private schools from what we feel away with its proposal for sweep is unfair i ing presidential authority followed quickly after Trumans news Understand Clearly Confusion Reigns Despite government attempts to minimize it created among top national is ProNationalist tended of reports Chens conference statement Thursday It is important that everyone ilhat he wasnt wedded to the they were so far from a unanimous i 6Pce the former First Lady the welfare of all Americas understand clearly what j But in sending the bill to the state department congress an outline of coun verriict that they could not reach j Thursday The talk resulted dren l fel lt ls duty to state we arfi asking for under constitu a decision before add1 in the two statements issued Frii terms the position that tiona aw and f0f what we aregave conffr ing that hotel accommodations day night through the chancery Vats cr i not We arp not asking for tries it wns AmpriPane nthiOT vpliwiniic Paper Says Red Victory Beyond Control of 5 of State Dean Acheson wrote off the Communist victory in China Friday as an event beyond the control of the United But he warned Russia there will be trouble if the Chinese red armies try to extend their conquest to other parts of He took that stand in a foreword to a 1054page white paper compiled on Harry S Trumans orders to defend the administrations waitandsee China The policy has been under heavy fire from a strong Republicanled congressional bloc demanding prompt economic and military aid to the Chinese nationalist Includes Wedemeyer Report The huge volume contains 186 documents tracing the history ot relations with includ ing the longsecret 1947 report of Albert and reports of George Marshall and Ambassador Leighton Wedemeyers report recom mended a fiveyear program of CHINA POLICY No Features Solon View On Aid Cuts S big chunk of congressional opinion aid on the conditions that thfc Nationalists take effective steps to clean house in their gov accept American mili tary and economic and place Manchuria under a United Nations Under Red Domination Acheson conceded that for all practical already has fallen under Soviet domina And he said bluntly there is nothing this country do about it except hold the line at Chinas borders and hope that the Chinese people eventually will revolt and throw off the foreign as they have done throughout their Abandoning diplomatic Acheson asserted that selfishness and military blunder ing on the part of Generalissimo Chiang Kaisheks Nationalist re gime was responsible for the om inous result of the Chinese civi troops were pulled south out of Changsha before he joined the dent Li Tsungjen of China to Secret Message To bolster has the white pager quoted a hithertose cret message from acting presi but other reports said he was able to hand over men to the Only six days ago the Nationalist government fired Cheng Chien as governor of Hunan which Changsha is the would have to be obtained as they j office of the archdiocese of New would be locked up for the mght if they failed to Raymond 288 Restated Positions Raymond Christensen Mountain View the Cardinal Spellman restated his jury asked the court as i position in a statement which to the two first degree j Roosevelt promptly called fair saying he and his colleagues and cardinal had wanted to know courts powers in following the leniency recom Explains Both Verdicts s of other religious be that firmly 11 pns proposed to assist and suspicion that he was making a Truman last May The Chinese who took over when Chiang Kaishek re said flatly that his coun trys present predicament was due to the failure of our govern ment to make judicious iise of American aid and to bring about support of religious i the amount worked out in the pro deal with the It named Chen j economic and militarv i c VTtrt i til A Vi i read it to at Park during their telephone In his designed to end confusion and regrettable misunderstandings and m i s i n Judge Ellettexpipined that the I the cardinal said recommendation verdict placed We are not asking for general the question of death or life impublic support of religious schools prisonrnent in the hands of we believe in federal aid for Scores Killed ln Ecuador Quake Series j the state constitution prohibits the use of public funds for the sup 17 I port of sectarian The su preme court ot the United States i has interpretedthe federal con stitution in the same Under i the constitution we tio not ask nor can we expect public funds to pay for the construction or re pair of parochial school buildings or for the supoort of teachers or 5 i for other maintenance series of rocking earthquakes struck east central Ecuador Fri the other first degree j needy states and needy day and at least 80 There other incib senate fieht over ah ruling made the death sentence We further believe that congress i ably many reported j dental expenses involved in educai Cnn H Other Expenses to succeed is 365 miles north of Confirm Report The Communist radio con firmed that both Cheng and Chen had changed sides that on the night of 4 they the flag of uprising and wel comed the Red troops into Chang In strenuous efforts to soften the the Nationalists dropped i 5 leaflets by to government I The big foreign recovery bill was forces in central warning ERP Blocks Ballot delayed again time them to take no orders from Chen should as it din in the i school lunch that all children At 55 miles south of as Huang vice minister The court added that it had ways and means of getting additional information on a de of whatever creed or i 80 bodies were recovered and fendant that were not available I no matter what schools they ati from the ruins otbuildings toppled I nonreligious to the and that such de will share alike in the aux in the citys industrial Re tails would influence the final sen iliary services for which these i ports from about 3f provision of health These are funds to carry on the Marshall called auxiliary The fedi plan of European was on most of that city was destroyed around these incidental benefits to i They had 46 to an I federal funds are spent in the j miles south of indicated era aid controversy revolves j the point of Thf jurors filed back to their i secret returning in seven Doesnt Undermine minutes with the Mrsn1 Joseph Fratto and Gorj This he andmany persons Ambato has a population dn defense couni way undermines the traditional about and Latacunga about school and around them i amendment lo penalize France for of This last sentence was j alleged mistreatment of American i businessmen in French Our New York state Previously other amendments had filed an exception to the American principle of separation Other towns stricken included tion expressly allows the use ofbeen knocked courts ansvers on the recomrof church and We are Pujili in public funds for the transportation j But just as a appeared nicndation claiming c T that Judge Ellett should not have advised the jurors on certain Matteri maintained the same outward calm as the verdict was did not flinch when Judge See Page Column 1 In her Roosevelt Galo Plaza Lasso took per said it was very important that sonal charge of arrangements for no federal funds be used forfirst aid and He left for schools except as pro Ambato to supervise rescue after dispatching several army air force planes with medicine and vided for in the The Red Cross mobilized FourPower High Command O An official bulletin said troops 1 f TVT were directed to reestablish order rlanned tor 1 act IMations property in the stricken zones and along the Lata T I cungaAmbato 5 Informants said the Tlt yof the power high command is being would like the nrovincial the Washingtonbased British said lhe number of vie American joint staff board created j ims was increasing He in wartime but still j indicattd the thickly populated It wouid have politicomilitary northern industrial section of the they to redesign Wasin and mount the grand strategy for The governor called for aid but the pact nations and make rec1 warned that many highway ommendations political and bridges into the city and sections planncd for the Atlantic pact de fpnse diplomatic officials reported They said the projected supreme defense council for the 12 pact na tions would be run by the United France and The big four plan was said to be one of the main subjects brought up in discussions this week among the three touring Ameri can chiefs of staff and navy and air force leaders of European signers of the Diplomatic sources said Britain sno Canada had given preliminary rndorsemont to the plan and that France war to agree in Moreover in some states public funds are used to provide nonreligious textbooks for the children in all public and In all state many com munities supply public health serv ices to pupils in all diplomatic levels as needed to com plement military A general defense committee would work under the council with advisory Some observers pointed out the four countries named for the su preme council are those most ad vanced in atomic developments strongest of the LatacungaAmbato railway had been j Guayaquil reported that rail traffic was disrupted by twisted or broken A passenger train which had left Guayqauil Friday morning was isolated 30 miles from One report said that one coach I a passenger train had been j Such a would restrict the overturned near circle in which it might become The Quito obscrvntor said the rnnOrrnros going on Friday and inrcrssary to exchange topsecret con tor of the quake was about 60 i will Saturday in I atomic miles south of Barkley Orders Lucas Ymvn Off the Record 5 UP Alben Barkley Friday ordered stricken from the senate record a by its majority Scott Lucas of Chairman Kenneth McKellar was talking when Lucas stretched back in his chair and McKellar angrily apologized for almost putting the senator to Lucas replied that few sen ators could do lliat to so it was really a Barkley intervened and said Without objection the yawn from the senator from Illinois tionalizes in the future any of its basic Scott Lucas of Democratic challenged the Kem amendment as being out of acting president Mil liard Tydings upheld j the Then Kem appealed i the Tydings decision to the At this point Kem launched into I a speech in support of his amend I believe it is now the clear duly of congress to protect the j American taxpayer from the use i of our by socialist govern mcnts in a way that is slowing down recovery in Kem i Acheson also laid part of the blame at Russias for stealth ily aiding the Communists to take Manchuria in in viola tion of treaty Russia Shares Blanc But he flatly denied charges of congressional critics that inaction contributed to the lapse of the nationalist govern The unfortunate but inescapa ble fact is that it was beyond the control of the he Nothing that this coun try did or could have done within reasonable limits of its capa could have changed that nothing that was left of State Dean Achesons proposal to abandon direct aid to China in the face of Communist Criticism of the white paper sent by Acheson to Harry S Tru man Friday crossed party One Democratic congressman called it an alibi for American A Democratic Fat Mc Carran of forecast that Achesons proposed policy of giv ing only armslength encourage ment internal Chinese resist ance would bring all Asia under Communist control in a short RcpuBlicans were almost mously But the Sta nartrnent was riftfftnrtftrt hv some Democrats who saw it as the only realistic one to Said Edwin Johnson To intervene in the civil war in China would be reckless beyond The State department in this instance is being realistic and Millard Tydings chairman of the armed serv ices thought the de partment is reaHstically aimed ill the right The Republican reaction ranged from regret to angry John Foster Dulles foreign policy adviser to Thomas in thr bid for the saw in the japer an attempt to explain and excuse past More affirmative action was de manded by Kenneth Wherry Republican floor His statement de clared I cant agree to writing off Na ionalist I cant see why we ock the front door against com munism in Europe and leave the back door open in China Aid Sum Hits Billion The United States has authorized more than worth of aid for Cihna in 12 Tea test part since VJ the A nationalist army spokesman this country contributed State department said issued a press statement that our swift action has prevented any great loss on the government and we believe the general situa tion will not be seriously This was received as the Reds were con ceded to be 215 miles northeast of Canton at a point south of Suich A Communist propaganda heard in San Francisco by the Associated described Canton as staggering in It said high officials were fleeing if they while those remaining were making business good for brothels and gambling to To cope with the tragic situa he laid down a twopoint pro gram of policy Lending encouragement and support to all developments in now and in the future which work toward a popular re volt against Communist domina He did not elaborate on this cryptic statement which seemed to imply aid to any demo cratic fifth columns which may be organized in Communistheld Clear notice to Russia if the Chinese Communists lend themselves to the aims of Soviet Sec PaCe Column S Forty per cent of it went to help China fight Japan beginning in 1937 when hostilities broke out The rest of amounting to has been set up since the Pacific war This included help for reoccupying liberated repatriating Jap meeting slow ing up the economic collapse and military the department said in its white paper on China The figures covered 000 authorized in grants and in They do not include some of the sales to China of postwar Neither do take in the share of aid granted through some United Na tions relief BILLION TRADE STIMULUS Bolsters Loan Reserves 5 jThe Federal Reserve in a in bank funds for potential loans to stimulate The board lowered the reserve iGcru The French Morocco antirecession was defeated after Republican took action Fridav to reease Arthur Vandenberg and John Foster Dulles had joined administration leaders in opposing The amendment was offered alter 37 Americans trying to carry on businesses in French Morocco complained the French were dis criminating againit The amendment would have prevented France from using socalled coun terpart funds in local currencies which under the Marshall plan are into effect gradually during this In New York and which are known central reserve requirements on demand de posits will he lowered one halt of 1 each week from 11 to a four At system banks 2 on demand de posits and 1 on time That would bring the requirements to the lowest level in eight The action is expected to lead to easier credit because banks t try to make intersstbear put into special account to i ing loans with the money thus match the dollar aid received from jreloased from their marffinof he stricken from the rcc the Economic Cooperation adminsafely the end of that the reserve requirements will be down from 24 to In socalled reserve Rich Min Kansas Dallas and from 14 to with the lower requirement retroactive to Another from 13 to will go into effect The schedule for lowering cf reserves against such as savings will be as follows Central reserve and reserve city from 5 Other from 6 to 5 on It was the third time this year the board had moved to stimulate bank lending by lowering the re serve requirements which were listration San Francisco demand requireprogressively raised during ments will be cut from 20 to 18 j after the warto combat infla over the fourweek i The present order brings In all other requirements them back to about where they The lowered will go for member banks were dropped wcre in October
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