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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - July 7, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                RADIO NEWS Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Ttinattt rriiift WEATHER Scattered cloudiness cloudy Continued warm on IS 84 SALT LAKE THURSDAY JULY 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Steel Hands 4No To CIO Pay Boost Refusal Deadlocks Wage Talks Stage Set for July 16 Strike July 6 Steel Wednesday flatly rejected CIO Philip Murrays demands for a fourth round wage The refusal setthe stage for a nationwide strike of steelworkers July Benjamin Steel issued the state ment denying higher wages be wages no sound or proper justi fication for an increase exists at i his It foil like a bombshell nt negotiations between the cora pan3 and the United Steel Work ers Says Talks Hopeless Murray immediately declared the negotiations were deadlocked and said there is no hope of reaching agreement on any of the In addition to the j union also had demanded broad social insurance program and a j monthly pension Murray was redfaced and indig nant at the turn of events in his negotiations with big He said a 2ie increase offered by the company in its insurance program was the most ever advanced by a big who also is president of the said he would call a meeting of the unions ex ecutive committee and its wage policy committee next Wednesday to take any necessary Clear Strike Issue Although he did not mention the word it was clear enoitgh that Murray meant that the top drawer command of the steel xvorkers would meet to discuss just Fairless has never parti cipated in any of the Murray and he has not had the benefit of argument produced by the United Steel Workers in current It is unfortunate that a man of such high position as Fair less should not take advantage of such an opportunity to participate with duly accredited representa tives of this Cites High Earnings Fairless issued to re porters waiting outside the con ference room in the William Penn cited the present high earn ings of steelworkers employed by Steel and the fact that living costs have gone Demands for higher rates of Airliner Forced DOIVJI in Eire With 53 Aboard Thomas Hails Full Unity Of West Pact Contends Treaty Not Counter to Ideas Set in Charter NEW July American World Airways re ported that one of its strato cruisers landed safely at Shan non early Thurs One of its four motors failed on a transatlantic The the made a routine threeengine landing after turning back from a west bound flight some 500 miles off the Eire the airline Aboard the plane were 53 pas including comedian Danny former Philippines high commissioner Paul Mc and tennis stars Louise Brough and Margaret Osborne du PanAmerican The plane had left bound for New pay can no longer be justified on the grounds of continuing in creases in the cost of Fair less Everybody knows that the cost of particularly food has gone down mater ially since its high in September of The granting now of a further wage increase by Steel un doubtedly would encourage a gen eral fourth round of wage in creases throughout American in Nothing More Damaging With business now receding in almost every industry across the nothing could be more dam aging to the economy of the na tion than generally to increase labor costs at this Fairless Higher prices for almost all commodities would be the inevit able result of such a general wage Higher prices are cer tain to result in increased custo mer decreased produc tion and greater The companys only offer to the unions threedecked contract de mands was an insurance program covering accident arid sick and hospital and surgical This offer covered only the 000 employes of Steels six subsidiaries actually involved in the negotiations Coast Quake Recorded July 6 A small centered an estimated three to five miles from 1he University of cam was recorded at EST Lewis Appeals Strike Fine To Top Court July 6 John Lewis and the United Mine Workers Wednesday asked the su preme court to set aside as uncon stitutional the fine im posed on them as a result of the 1948 coal In their appeal to the high tri Lewis and his union de clared that the backtowork court order which preceded the fine was based on an unconstitu tional section of the TaftHartley labor This section of the TaftHartley law gives courts the right to issue stopwork orders when the na tional health and safety is threat Fine Upheld The issue was brought before the high court as a result of a June 6 decision in which the court of appeals upheld the The fine was imposed in a con tempt of court action after Lewis failed to obey the court order di recting him to tell his miners to return to Hits Servitude In his appeal to the supreme Lewis said that the lower courts order sought to compel the enforced labor and involuntary servitude of coal He said the court order invaded the miners constitutional rights without without and without first making a judicial Lewis also declared that the fines on the union and on were excessive by constitutional standards and by previous court Recall Strike The fine was imposed after the coal miners walked out in as a result of a dis pute over operation of the pension plan set up under their labor con tract with the mine On April Lewis was served with a directive ordering him to put the miners back to but he claimed he had no control over their decision to He was found guilty of contempt of court for his failure to obey the April 5 order and the fine was Elbert Thomas Titles July Elbert Thomas Utah told the senate Wednes day the North Atlantic treaty is in complete harmony with he theories of collective secur ty and the action of all the nations of the world to that Speaking during senate debate Wcst pact strong peace on the commonly known as the Atlantic the Utah sena tor denied that it is an instrument of aggression or an attempt to by pass the United as some have Complements The pact complements the United he It would be a great implementation to the effort to maintain peace and a great protector of those activi ties which promote It would help much in removing the causes of The Atlantic pact and the United Nations together represent the greatest strength yet created in the world to substitute peaceful processes for settlement of con troversies between nations for the archaic and barbaric notion of fighting out He predicted that if the sens ible democratic peoples of the world will nothing can stop their United by Heritage The nations that have already affixed their signatures to this Thomas are nations with which we have had a long history of peaceful relations and to which we are bound by a common heritage founded on the principles of individual liberty and the rule of The civilization and the past history of these peoples are such that it does not strike me as being un usual that they should desire to take collective measures to guar antee the continuance of their way of He said that while the regional nature of the pact might imply a divided world continuous Arthur enciTto the UnitedNations leaves Britain Cuts New Buying In As Dollars Ebb Arthur We are final target of War Ratify Vandenberg Urges Senate July e the pact in a universal realm based upon the concept of one Economic Foundation No matter what the world is he even if na tions divide up into economic the world still remains one eco The ideal in accordance with American history if not prac theory based up on the notion of American dollar democ See Tage Column 4 Housing Plan Gets Okeh Of Conferees July 6 The trimmed down version of Harry S Tru multibilliondollar housing senate to ratify the North At lantic treaty as a barrier against World War HI and a warning that any aggressor will be beaten to his This candor can be as power ful as an atom he It spells beyond any shadow of the conclusive warning that united in competent will never allow an armed aggres sor to divide and conquer them pursuant to the pattern of the rapes of The he should be sufficient to give even a rein carnated Hitler the senates GOP leader in foreign spoke on the second flay of the treaty de bate which is expected to reach the voting stage before the end of the The already signed by the United States and 11 other nations in the socalled North Atlantic requires a twothirds senate vote to become Acheson Seconds Move As Emergency Must9 July 6 of State Dean Ache son Wednesday approved Britains emergency slash in foreign If you are Acheson when your income falls your buying falls At a news conference he disclosed that Britain would en counter no objection from the American government to the stern measures announced by Sir Staf ford Cripps Wednesday for meet ing the worst British economic I dollar i the European Recovery Pro gram Only Temporary But like said the cutback in buying is only a temporary called It j an unfortunate temporary neces j The longrange solution is to build and Acheson said British by increased ef lower prices and better selling must compete for buyers In world mar j The secretary spoke his friendly i words for the British at a con ference held while the la jbor governments chancellor of i the was speaking to I the House of Commons in On capitol the Cripps plan did not meet such a favorable re Cut Out Waste What they ought to do over there is cut the waste out of their government like we are having to do over said Kenneth Republican leader in the Ralph said The British face a serious situ and they want our But I would like to see every ef fort made to increase productivity in British industry before I would be willing to consider new eco nomic Millard suggested that the answer to Britains financial problems may lie in emigration to South Africa and other Another point Acheson made was that the United States places no restrictions on trade with the Soviet except to bar sales of strategic But he said Russia has placed a great many obstacles in the way of trade with the the latest being a shut down on the sale of manganese to the United Manganese is important in the manufacture of Tokvo Rose Willing j j Says as Trial Opens bill was approved by a senate house conference committee Wed It calls for pub licly owned dwellings in six Administration leaders voiced hope that the senate and house will approve the legislation finally Thursday and toss it on the presi dents It would give Truman his first major victory for the domestic program he called the fair Slum Clearance Besides the controversial public housing the bill sets up a huge slum clearing program in cities ajid provides farm housing Without mentioning Soviet Rus sia by name as a plotter against world Vandenberg sternly denounced greedy and he told his col leagues We are the final though other independent peoples are in nearer Appeasement is surrender on the installment told news men he thinks a great deal could j be achieved if Harry S Tru man told the world that the United States stands squarely behind the United Nations and other instru ments of NEA Delegates Vote Against Hiring of Reds July 6 000member National Education its Wednesday recorded itself against permitting employment of Com munist party members as teachers after being told twice that the eyes of the country were watching their A goodhumored roar of ayes from the 3000 delegates adopted a section of a report which declared Members of the Communist party of the United States should not be j TTleadTng business research 1Qii I Dean Acheson When Income falls buying must be ECONOMIC REPORT President to Minimize Danger of Recession July 6 Harry S Trumans midyear economic it was predicted will slap hard the idea the country faces a business The message still is being drafted by Truman and his top advis It was due to reach congress now the target date has been moved to next the White House Meantime one of the several members of congress who has talked about falling prices and rising joblessness with Tru man told a reporter the president will take full note of the deflation and will offer measures to cope with To Belittle Slump But Truman is positive about one the legislator He doesnt think were in for a serious and hell belittle that The day produced two public statements with a direct bearing on the forthcoming message The real hazard comes from businessmen who may be fright ening themselves into a recession ay cutting down on Ralph Flanders told a Flanders is a former employed as SAN July 6 The government Wednesday began unfolding its case against Tokyo 33yearold Americanborn Japanese charged with Carefully the prosecution out lined how it expected to prove that Iva Toguri DAquino im paired the capacity of the United and that she intentionally and traitorously committed trea son while owing allegiance to this H will be the defendants ver De Wolfe told the six sixman that DAquino went to Japan to visit a sick But her real he was to study medicine in It was while she was there thnt she met and married Felipe threefourths Japanese and onefourth He gits near her in the on The conferees agreed to accept higher senate figures of 000 for aids to farm in stead of the lower in the houseapproved i Ttf Under the public housing sec1 LMttV the construction program would be managed by local hous ing These parlies also would select the lowincome fami lies to occupy the and would set their rent at what they could i Floating Granary leave from his job with a Japa TJ s nese news agency in The i defense is contending that because Federal subsidies would make of her marriage to a 111P tne difference between actual Portuguese Iva lost her rents and the economic rents need American and so the j edTto lie housing charge against her is On her own De Wolfe In addition to public j j the measure provides for slum j DAquino gota job with fiveyear program to Radio and in ln citics with onc went on the air for the enemy and stayed on dur ing the clear to De Wolfe told the She made no objection to She was under no no He added that she did her job so well that she asked for and got a salary The evidence will the pros ecutor that the purpose of the Tokvo Rose broadcasts was to third of the cost to be met by the federal government and the balance by local The bill authorizes in federal loans and 000 in grants to state and local public bodies for this The measure provides for 33 year loans and not more than 4 Interest to owners of selfsustain ing farms who are otherwise un able to finance adequate It also provides similar along with annual federal con to owners whose farms impair this countrys capacity to arc not at the time sclfsustain make I ing but could be made Storage Dilemma July 6 UP government Wednesday ordered 12 ships from its re serve mothball fleet converted into floating grain bins to help j ease the critical shortage of storage The Agriculture department and the maritime commission in a joint announcement that the move is an experi indicating more ships may be assigned to such duty if it works The 12 vessels will provide space for about bush els of The agencies have been study ing the program for several weeks as a possible answer to an acute shortage which is ex pected to grow progressively worse as the midwestern wheat harvest rolls The ships are anchored at Jones in the Hud son They will be towed to New York City for refitting and then moved to nearby grain elevator piers for Weak There were No Votes only a few weak the Committee for Eco nomic Development spoke out against the price control and allocation authority for which Studebaker called for the final i Truman asked in January and In i previous economic liamentary tangle which delayed the direct question for about an American Legion Com mander Perry Brown The i jJi c v luijo to Par The current situation does not warrant control authority even on a standby said Supported Price Controls The statement was issued by i aLdLciiiciiL weua jaauGu uy nation is looking to you today to c E rvs rcsearch and policy com 1VK if A J make your decision and John i headed by Philip f 1111IIJ Norton of teachers Colurn chajrjnan of Geiferal E ectrjc CQ nin iimvprcirv pVmivmon Cripps Tells Commons Standstill Policy Vital July 6 the banker for a quarter of the worlds halted Wednesday all but urgent new buying from the United States in the gravest dollar crisis here since the start of the Marshall Sir Stafford chancellor of the told a crowded House of Commons that the gold and dollar reserves of the sterling area plunged last week to a low of This reserve is the working capi tal for trade with the Canada and other countries with dollar based economies by the whole sterling by Britain and her colonies plus Burma and Iceland and all the common wealth but Standstill Plan Cripps said the standstill ar rangement was an immediate cor rective measure to the He said it started last week and would last at least until pos sibly Australian Prime Minister Chifley announced similar restric tions in Australia Will buy only urgently needed com modities for Cripps withheld details until later on what commodities will But Britain spends dol lars mainly for gasoline and buys all but wheat on a short term Seek The chancellor of the exchequer said long term solutions to the crisis will be sought in talks will have here later this week with John secretary of the and in meetings next week with commonwealth finance He said the labor government has not the slightest intention of devaluing the pegged since the war at and rumored re cently to be This given In reply to a question after Cripps finished his brought cheera from the Cripps blamed the crisis on buyers market de veloping in the last few months that he said kept Britain from selling her exports in dollar Buyers Market The buyers market is one in which the customer has a chance to shop around to get the most goods for his Cripps warned the house iol emnly that the challenge must that Britain must produce more at lower He said pro duction must go up without any increases in wages for A standstill on dollar expendi though absolutely is no solution for our he The chancellor gave a dramatic picture of the dwindling of the reserve despite substantial Marshall plan The total in gold and dollars was when Marshall aid began 15 months It had eased down to by March Second Quarter In the second quarter ended Sir Stafford Cripps Crisis gravefit since beginning of E R has had some influence on legis lative Contrary to most business CED supported Trumans plea to extend price control for a limited time after the and rent control for a longe But the new statement noted that Truman did not modify his request for direct controls even in after the downswing had It called attention also to a variety of new in congress and to prop up business by federal There are disturbing signs that in the event of depression another N R A may the state ment Copper Gains By One Cent NEW July 6 sources reported Wednesday that sales of refined copper had been made at 17c a advance of one cent over the going custom smelter price of which has prevailed since June This marked the first upturn in copper prices since tnc decline from the postwar high cf began in late All custom smelters with copper to sell were reported quoting the 17c The large mine opera who refine their own mined contrasted with the cus tom who process pur chased ores or copper were not participating in the sales as they still quote nominal prices ranging from to a Prices of brass and bronze ingots were raised c to Ic a pound by The private organization bia chairman of the committee whose report included the chapters on clared The country is looking SCIENTIST NOTES at what we do in the next half Indicated clashes on the Com munist question did not develop on the The only and that was not against the ban proved Communists came a leading producer of those prod June Cripps Britain and the sterling area spent 000 more than they They received from Mar shall aid and from Can leaving the net loss for the quarter at The treasury chief emphasized t was lack of dollar not failure to produce for that caused the He said total pro duction continues far above pre and total exports and im lorts are nearly in No full dress debate followed Iripps but he said he would be prepared to take part in one next Anthony deputy Conservxative sug gested it be held next Cripps said he was unable to esti mate how many dollars worth of British purchases would be stopped between now and Interpretive Page 6 New Atomic Discovery Near July 6 from Rose legislaI Atomic physicist Robert live agent of the CIO teachers JBacher said Wednesday that Amer union of New Verbal Difference Paissell and Chairman Nor ton engager in a verbal tiff on the issue at a separate meeting Tues day when Norton called her a rep resentative which has the Communist party of an organization consistently followed ican scientists are on the thresh old of a very great new develop ment which holds promise of atomdriven ships and power gen erating He Abomb production is in the host shape ever as a re sult of the worx of chairman David Lilinnthal and his col j leagues on the Atomic Energy Russell retorted that such He also asserted the a statement was an example of guilt by Wednesday she said she did not oppose elimination of proved Com munists but she feared that such a stand may load to dismissals on other political and that jis the real United States is way out front in the world atomic who quit the commis sion last May to return to teach ing and testified before the joint congressional atomic energy committee as it began hearingLilienthals defense against accusations of incredible misman Before Bacher Lilien thal told the congressmen in a voice sometimes choked with feel that the atomic which was barely staggering along when he took over from the army in now is a definite deter rent to He said many of the criticisms raised by Bourkc Hicken his principal ac had little 10 ao with the commissions main purpose of giv ing the atomic supremacy in a world embroiled in a cold Bacher supported Lilienthals ac count of how the Abomb stock pile was built up practically from He then went into detail on a multimillion dollar atomic reactor program now getting under stating that it holds great promise not only of atomic engines to pro pel ships and submarines but de velopment of power for peaceful If we are not timid in going ahead with this he major successes will to If we are timid or are unneces sarily we will suffer major Questioned about possible pub lic said Many sections of this vast nation now are uninhabited because of the absence of water and he Atomic energy will not solve but it decidedly will lift such of the past such as proximity to coal and   

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