Salt Lake Tribune, June 14, 1949

Salt Lake Tribune

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Location: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - June 14, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS iBtorwHnttbi Network Station HALL VkfMik Maty alt WEATHER Fair Md wanMr 61 SALT LAKE TUESDAY JUNE 1W9 PRICE FIVE CENTS Tribunal Rule Opens Trust Drive High Court Convicts Standard Oil Unite Of Competition Clog June 13 supreme court Monday cleared the way for a government drive against all little trusts which require independent retailers to handle products of only one The 53 decision upheld the con viction of Standard Oil of Califor nia and Standard a whollyowned for vio lating the antitrust laws in their exclusive supply agreements with 6000 gasoline dealers in Ne Utah and Competition Impact The justices split sharply over whether the action would encour age or discourage But one thing was The de cision was a goahead to the gov ernment to move in against other exclusive supply agreements un der which socalled independents are required to handle the pro ducts of one firm and one firm Justice Felix writ ing the majority held tha the standard contracts were a po tential clog on competition in that they required the station own ers to deal exclusively with Staijd ard oil in buying oil and other petroleum and in come automobile acces BlisteringDissent In a blistering Justice Robert Jackson cited the fact that Standards six major compe titors in the west have similar agreements with If the courts are to apply lash of the antitrust laws to tffe backs of businessmen to make them he we can in also apply the lash whenever ful niethod of appears to be Justice William Douglas filed what he called a separate He did not vote with or against the majority but de nounced its ruling as a judicially approved formula for the growth of He said the decision would encourage Standard to re Ilmvard when informed of court reiterated his confidence in further legal place the independents with its own stations help remake America in the image of the Frankfurter said that any inde pendent dealer for economic wants to continue deal ing with the California firm as its sole supplier could do so but would not be Bound by a Firm Claims Fails In Competition Proof SAN June 13 Oil Company of California in commenting on Mon days adverse ruling by the su preme court on its exclusive dealer contracts said that government admittedly has not established that such contacts substantially lessen Standards official statement said The court did not find that Standard in fact restricted or re duced or that dealer contracts have been in any way detrimental to the On the the court states that our dealer contracts may well be of advanage to our dealers and the consuming public as We as said by one of the dissenting it was indispensable to the governments case to establish that either the actual or probable effect of the accursed arrangement is to sub stantially lessen competition or tond to create Big Four Try New Plan On Germany June 13 Big Four ministers are at tempting in secret to work out a threepoint agree ment on Germany would sav their conference from collapsinj in authoritative said Monday The western allies submitted the plan to Russian Foreign Ministe Andrei Vishinsky at a secre Big session Sunday night it was Informants said the plan provided for ThreePoint Plan Setting up a committee o deputies to study peace treaty and the political unity o both Berlin and Germany as a Establishment of a commit tee of Germans in Berlin to work under the supervision of the four power commandments there means of lifting the Soviet block ade entirely and restoring normal A limited agreement for res toration of trade between the western occupation zones and the Russian occupation real idea of this proposal is to keep negotiations going be tween the western and Russia after this conference his instead of breaking up in complete Vishinshys Ideas In addition to receiving this pro which the western allies offered him as a last chance for Vishinsky said he had some new ideas himself on east west It was believed they dealt with trade between western and eastern occupation The foreign ministers agreed to ad journ until Tuesday so they could onsider the proposals and coun The showdown is expected at Tuesdays If Vishinsky urns down the western he best the conference can hope for is an exceedingly limited agreement on resuming trade be tween eastern and western Ger many a loose agree ment in principle on some details of the treaty to restore Austrias Western leaders want to ad ourn the entire conference Thurs ProItalian Parties Capture of Vote in Trieste June 14 people of disputed Tri este indicated overwhelming sen timent toward returning this Adri atic port to Italian rule in Sun days municipal complete returns showed The final official tabulations gave the six proItalian parties 40 of the 60 city council scats at stake in the Twentyfive seats were won by Italian Premier Alcide De Gas peris Christian Democrats which emerged as the strongest single party in this troubled Reds Bun Second The cominform Communists ran second to the Christian Democrats in popular vote They cap tured 13 of the 20 seats taken by the six antiItalian i t i c a 1 In Triestes first free election mncc candidates for the seats hud been divided and antiKalian It WM purely a local but it was the first time the Triestenes have had a chance to stand up and be counted on the issue of union with Complete returns from all 277 precincts showed the proItalian parties captured of the AntiItalian parties received while went to parties favor ing retention of the free territory Final Tabulation The final tabulations gave the Christian Democrats ma jority of more than over the secondplace cominform Commu nists J8 The results also showed for the first time the relative strength of the various Communist and Slav factions within the The or proRussian were largely Italians and in their preelection had softpedaled the question of returning to Film Writers Lose Plea On Contempt Circuit Court Rules Congress Group Can Ask Red Ties June 13 UP conviction of two movie writers for contempt of congress was upheld Monday by the S circuit court of The court ruled that a com mittee of congress has the right to demand that witness state whether he is a For screen writers Dalton Trum bp and Howard the deci sion was the last stop before the supreme a possible year in They now are free on They were convicted in district court here last year of contempt for refusal to tell the house unAmerican activities committee whether either was or had been a member of the Communist Eight other Hollywood figures were indicted on similar Trial cases has been held up pending outcome of the appeals taken by Trumbo and Oppenheimer Defends Lilienthal at AProbe Dalton writer of movie script Thirty Seconds Over faces a possible year in The scenario writers took the stand that congress didnt hav a right to examine their political The appeals court said it In a unanimous Judges Bennett Champ Wilbu Miller and George Sweeney said the questions that Lawson an Trumbo refused to answer vitally influence the ultimate production of motion pictures by The court added No one can doubt in these chaotic times that the destinv o all nations hangs in the balance in the current ideological struggli between Communistthinking and democraticthinking peoples o the The court in that it is hard to imagine any mori pertinent question than the one Trumbo and Lawson refused to Mondays decision said We hold that in view of the representations to the congress as to the purposes and program of communism and tin Communist congress has power to make an inquiry of ai individual which may elicit the answer that the witness is a believe See Page Column 2 Plans to Create Coal 4Czar 1 Kip Wide Kin m Industry By LOUIS STAKK June Lewis and a vast segment of the northern coal industry are in agreement on creation of an in dustry czar to aid in the per manent stabilization of the bi luminous coal The agreement has been shrouded in great but it is known that it has split the in dustry down the operators representing an annual tonnage ol While close to favor the the Southern Coal Producers speaking for those who niine is dead set against But this association may be forced into the plan against its Lewis Trains Talk Guns At Steel June 13 UP the entire coal industry shut down by his John president of the United Hine opened bargaining with Steel Monday for a con tract covering captive soft coal Some members of the union failed to report to work Monday morning in obedience to order for a oneweek stop age to stabilize the Anthracite mines were shut down along with the Wyoming Stoppage District United Mine Workers leadqnarters in Rock said miners in Wyo ming and Utah joined in the na ionwide coal strike In the second phase of his ne gotiations with the Lewis net with executives of the ck Coke a subsidiary of Steel which operates its cap ive There was no statement from or from Harry resident 01 the Prick nd its chief on the progress of the In beginning the contract talks vith Lewis opened the second of the expected three ronts of his negotiations with the To Resume Talks Other U M W representatives will resume negotiations Tuesday t with the louthern Goal Producers and some time this week Lewis is expected to ask the northern oper to begin bargaining he bituminous contracts expire une While there had been some spec lation during the week end that he work stoppage might have an dvcrse effect an Mondays meet the session got under way on morning and con inued throughout i The southern operators do no see in the plan a proposed setting up of a such as B Happy Chandler is in baseball with equal power for calling the turn for clubs as well as for play Many of on the contrary view the proposal as one under which the existing power of Lewis would be supplemented rather than through the edicts of this Opponents of the idea say it would mean creation of an in dustrial monopoly to match the labor monopoly of the soft coal They further maintain that present plans go through it will mean domination of the coal in dustry by a handful of large northern operators and particu larly by the United States Steel Coordinator Choice This charge springs from the fact that the secret which are almost in dicate that the industry coordin ator would be Harry president of the Frick Coke a United States Steel who has been on friendly termswith Lewis for many would resign from his present He would be paid a salary of from to a A financial arrangement would protect his interest in the companys retirement The plan has developed so far that an operating budget is being discussed for Moses as well as plans for an office and Vast Allocation Powers If the plan now under discus sion is finally adopted by the northern twothirds of the coal as seems Moses will not only be set up as the jermanent collective bargaining spokesman for the coal industry more he will have vast to coordinate and allocate production unless the antitrust laws prevent Consumption of this secret plan would mean that Lewis would let the industry pff this year with a comparable reasonable perhaps by the addition of 5 or lOc a ton to the 20c now paid or every one mined to the miners welfare Lack of Willingness Never before in the long his ory of coal wage negotiations has here been any evidence of will ngness among the coal operators o set up a permanent office to landle collective bargaining and stabilization Every year the operators have met and conferred before dealing vith the Each time a tcm torary committee has named md at the end of the wage con erchce the committee has Copyright by TlmM i Global Wheat Pact Wins Senate Okeh June 13 controversial inter national wheat agreement was ratified by the senate Monday by a unanimous voice vote with dozen senators on the The sudden action followed de bate during which the agreemenl was attacked by several senators Even Arthur said he supported the treaty with reser But Elbert manager for the announced he had can vassed the senate and found no one who intended to vote against the Calls for Vote Thereupon Andrew E Schpeppel temporarily called for a voice No nays were sohe an nounced the necessary twothirds had voted for The agreement has been signed by 41 importing anii five exporting senting about 80 of the wheat trade of the The document provides that each exporting country shall sel a specific The life of the agreement is to be four years and covers an annual trade in wheat of Exporting countries are to sell at a maximum price of and importing countries are to buy at a minimum of the first year but the minimum is to be reduced lOc a Prices are to be fixed in Canadian Thomas Cites Market t The United by signing and ratifying the has guaranteed to sell 168 Thomas told the senate that with the addition of wheat require ments of occupied this country has an assured annual market of 300 million a Vandenbergs criticisms of the treaty included an observation that the absence of Russia and Argentina from the agreement reates an unknown Vandenberg toid the sen a subsidy on export wheat will become almost inevitable with the treaty price below do mestic support Vandenberg described the treaty as partial state trading which may lead to demands for simi lar agreements covering other ex port He said the igreernent will require additional government controls on agricul Lead Taken in Theft At Princeton June 13 university Mon day reported to police the theft of 12 or 15 lead one of which contained dangerously ra dioactive cobalt Frederick Osbornc of the uni versity public relations staff said the lead bars were taken from two laboratory classrooms in the Palmer Physical labora tory over the alumni reunion week was the second week end theft reported by the which is playing host to hun dreds of alumni and families of Sunday the theft of worth of etchings and drawings by Rembrandt and Degas WPS reported to The pictures were taken from the art Senators Ask Billion Budget Slash 19 Sponsor Resolution To Reach Balance New Taxes June 13 Nineteen representing both joined Monday in sponsoring a resolution directing Harry S Truman to cut fed eral spending by to The reductions would be made in funds provided for the next fiscal which starts July To become the resolu tion would have to win the ap proval of both houses of congress and the president New Taxes John McClellan chairman of the expendi tures introduced the resolution after it was backed by a vote of 8 to 2 in the He invited ail other senators to join him as and 18 quickly added their McClellan said his hope was to bring the budget into balance with out new Truman re peatedly has asked for 000 in additional He has estimated without such i the treasury will be aboui in the red at the end of fiscal Theresolution woulddirect the president to slice from 5 to 10 off the aggregate of furfds voted by for agencies and departmentsnext With the budgetrunningirt the neigh borhood ot this would make of Sees Billion Deficit since the bulk of the budget is made up of items such as interest on the debt which cannot be reduced without changing laws or dishonoring com McClellan figured the reductions would have to be con centrated on about in appropriations which are not in that Under the no departments total appropria tion could be cut more than 20 McClellan said under the most accurate estimate his com mittee bees able to revenues next year will run about less than the presi dent resulting in a defi cit of about Red Assembly Plots Yugo Trade Death June 13 cominform was reliably reported Monday night to be plotting an economic strangulation of Yugo slavia to punish Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia for straying from what Moscow says in the true Commu nist New propaganda campaigns are also being sharpened against the west and the Marshall it was An authoritative source said ligh Communist chieftains of Soviet Russia and the eastern satellites at a secret meeting in ower Silesia had mapped an all out economic war against Titos Slashed This informant said the eastern who like Russia had al ready radically slashed exports to were now likely to cut off all shipments in the near fu Hungary was said to have already set July 1 as the date for complete A Polish government official who could not be quoted by name said Hilary top economic coordinator in the had been called from his vacation n Crimea to direct the tightening of the economic noose on Yugo Chart Went Drive Mine will advise the cominform on the official Mine s one of the signers of the decla ration that set up the he Communist international in ormatlon The Communist chieftains are slated to end their meeting Informed sources said the ses ion of Communist leaders of cast rn Europe was certain to produce a hardened attitude toward Mar hal Titos Next on he they is an in tensification of peace confer ences supporting the international views of Russia against Ameri can imperialism and NineMan Scientific Board Praises Chiefs Program June 13 Robert Oppenhelmer who helped develop the testified Monday that the atomic energy commission sweated blood to safeguard the nations And it has come up with about as good an answer ks is the scientist told a senatehouse investigating Joining in the defense of A E C Chairman David the A ECs nineman scientific advisory committee praised Lilienthals regime as having duced a sound and forwardlook ing Statement A statement from the nine read by Oppenheimeri said in part Better weapons have been de veloped and The improvement which has been achieved during the commis sions administration appears to to offer clear proof of comr petence and devotion to duty by the The senatehouse group Is ducting hearings on charges by Bourke Hickenlooper that Lilienthal is responsible for Incredible mismanagement of the atomic Late after a twohour session behind closed the joint committee voted let Hick present his charge at an open session Wednesday that mis management is involved in highly secret atomic plant at Han Robert atom secret weli n June 13 The government wound up its case in the espionage trial of Judith Coplon Monday and the defense announced it will seek to bring an atomic scientist and Hollywood movie star to the wit ness Defense counsel Archibald Palm er said he would seek to subpena Edward Condon to tell the jury that its just a bunch of nonsense about Russia stealing the atom like these spy charges against Judith Coplon are chief of Bureau of was once labelled one of the weakest links in the nations chain of atomic security in a report by a house unAmerican activities subcom Vehemently and iondon has denied the accusation and asked for a congressional He never got it Mean time the Atomic Energy commis sion cleared him for access to atomic Palmer did not indicate when he will subpena Condon or when Miss 28yearold for mer Justice department will take the witness stand in her own She is accused of filching the secrets with intent to aid a for eign Palmer told also invite a newsmen he will long list of per sons cited in the FBI reports to Besides the list in cludes Hollywood movie stars Frederic Edward Robin son and others from the west coast ilm colony who named by anonymous FBI informants as Quadruple A project there was estimated to cost Now the A1B C says it will ruhto nearly In his testimony OppcnheJmer said can reassure the American peo ple that no risk li la shipping He saidj if fin into Russian I knew of no way could use them to make Oppenheunervwaa wartime head of the Los atomic is now chairman of the A ECs general advisory council and president of the institute for advanced studies at Other Salient Points Oppenhelmer these other salient points The A EC should take the wraps off some atomic data which is now Development of improved atomic weapons was nant when the civilian commission took over the atomic program from the military early In He said the AEC inherited a tough but It is a sound soundly conceived and going forward full steam Oppenheimer It is far better than I thought it would The four grams of uranlum 235 still missing from the A E Cs laboratories in Chicago would be of but not deci sive in helping any other country produce an Not Serious It wouldnt be something to ring bells he About an ounce of U235 dis appeared from the Argonne plant The AEC says seven eighths of it has been recovered from Congress would make a pro found mistake if it decided to bar the shipment of any more iso topes The he would only be to make other coun tries speed up their atomic re search Oppenheimers testimony about radioactive by products of conflicted sharply with views pre viously expressed by the AEC Commissioner Lewis Virginia Tech Graduates Cain Vision of Atomic Magnitude June 13 Tech graduates were advised Monday that the means are already in sight by which the efficiency of atomic energy may e multiplied many thousand Edward a scientist attached to the Atomic Energy commissions Oak Ridge op said that processes still in the laboratory stage bid fair to revolutionize the national econ One as power first be brought under absolute control and made safe before it can be put to This is the process in which more fuel is generated by nuclear fis sion than is McCrady said that a single kilogram of theoreti is capable of producing kilowatt hours of en as much as all the hydroelectric plants in the produce in three An equal amount of coal put to work in the operation of a steam generator produces about kilowatt Even if we allow a factor of a thousand for imperfections in the breeding McCrady this is still a ration of three mil lion to On the score of atomic the Oak Ridge scientist said ply that anyone who any thing about the possibilities of atomic warfare knows that man kind cannot afford to indulge in the madness of he if enough people in enough nations can be made aware of the of mod ern no nation will be reckless enough to start a There is no doubt in my he that we have an international government and we must make it It will not but I it is more prac ticable the of atomic can W ;

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