Thursday, June 2, 1949

Salt Lake Tribune

Location: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - June 2, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS p Intelmountain Network Station KALL Thiroath IrKtay It WEATHER little temperature change Details on Page 27 49 SALT LAKE THURSDAY JUNE 1919 PRICE FIVE CENTS Watkins Sets Arms Pact Change Plan Senator Would Hinge Troop Summons On Congress Okeh Tribune Washington Bureau June Arthur Watkins Utah Served notice in senate Wednes day he will offer an amendment to the proposed North Atlantic treaty requiring approval of eongress before American could go into action against a European told the senate that backers of the treaty who be lieve that we can give positive asj of our help to our Eu1 ropean allies and at the same time preserve freedom of action by con press should be willing to support the reservation he I Should the senate attach a res to the pact by majority vote on Watkins proposal it would aerve as notice of this countrys i interpretation of The consti tution already declares that only can declare Reviews Testimony Watkins reviewed testimony be fore senate foreign relations com mittee which he said indicates pending pact as now drawn em powers the president to order our armed forces into action if an armed attack is made on any of tlie treaty I The Watkins j be acting fully within his constitutional powers if the pend1 ing treaty is enacted as written if he ordered armed forces to protect a treaty nation which has been attacked by European ag gressor even before congress can j The attack Watkins The president sends what ever forces he deems necessary to House Votes Pensions For 365 to 27 Face to Face in New Round of Investigation A K C General Manager Carroll smoking upper I questioning by Icnninc Imvor and Patid AEC how upper listen to i ns joint congressional committee pnibe of atom energy TT C IX RAD TUSKS Atom Probe Opens In TV For Security Wltll Slip Any thing Left Is thsre anything left for con June 1 Juno 1 group of war correspondents who covered the original Dday motions of declaring war and auI of oiirl lings They were who w part a group great atomic investigation ribed with mystifying brevity 1 opened with testimony that two her esmonare trial Wednesday scientists were Kept on at her espionage trial Wednesday thfi prosecution withheld thcnV Energy commission pay on rounds ot n3 rolls dc on grounds ot It should be clear by this time that the treaty creates such a situation that congress will have no other choice under such cir cumstances than to declare war it has been robbed by the treaty of its war making And that is even though the president should ask congress for a declaration of war before sending our armed forces into ac tion because the treaty binds it to treat an attack on anyone or more of our allies as an attack on our Would any congress dare refuse under such circumstances Legally and could it refuse It would be obvious the answer is The Utah senator said he was not questioning the good faith and sincerity of those supporting the Watkins Hns Xo Doubt I have no he j there are many in and out of the senate who believe that we can give positive assurance of our help to our European allies and the same time preserve freedom of action by Those who have this belief then should be willing to support the reservations which I propose to Walkins said the language he wants attached to the treaty would be about like this The United States understands and construes Article V of the1 treaty as follows The United States assumes no obligations to restore and tain the security of the north Atlantic area or to assist any rr party or parties in said by armed or to employ the air or naval force of the United States under Article V or any clause of the for any purpose unless in any particu Inr case the which under I lie has the sole pow er to declare war or authorize the employment of the sir or naval forces of the United shall by net or joint res olution so Not Aut mandy The president said the chances for world peace are better now lhan they have been in three He told the correspondents he wished he could have been with them on I tried to he but Marshall said I was Senate Passes Basing Bill June I The senate passed a bill Wednes day to let a manufacturer sell his goods at a flat delivered price without regard to transportation By voice vote it approved K measure by Joseph OMa honey to stamp the basing point price system legal so long as the seller is acting in dependently and not in price col lusion with other The measure was passed as a substitute for a bill by Fran cis Myers which would have called a oneyear truce in government antitrust prosecu tions under such Myers proposed the moratorium to permit a more detailed study of to dc The accepted OMflhoneys proposal to settle the matter The 12 in were part of a sheaf of papers found in JMiss Coplons pocketbook when she was arrested with her alleged Russian Valentine in New York liist j March i Involves Security j Chief Prosecutor John Keliey said the slips mentioned j Wednesday would not be sub imitted as evidence because their j disclosure might jeopardize the i security of the United Keliey did not Iwhen Defense Archibald 1 Palmer insisted on reading aloud a complete FBI inventory of tiie content of Miss Coplons The inventory included a brief description of the subject matter Rnd a number of persons cited in the socalled data tracts from FBI reports on se Persons Nnmei Keiley told newsmen listed on the slips did neces isarly mean that the person had been under FBI he the names might been used merely in connec ition with an Keliey said the inventory dei iScriptions were too meager to interfere with One item was headed an informant of known Those named tin the slips in cluded with the notation AustriaFrench military authorities after his In William Knowland snid he had heard reports that guards in the Argonne atomic plant Chicago were instructed not to report vio of security rules by high President Bars Secret Files To Senate Judiciar Unit The United States further understands and construes V to the effect that in any particu lar case or event of armed at1 tack on any other party or parties to the the congress of the United States is not empliedly or morally obligated or committed to declare or authorize the employment of the air or naval forces of the United States against the nations making said or to assist with its armed forces the nation or but shall have complete freedom in considering the cir cumstances of each case to Hct or refuse to art as the congress in its discretion shnll also Announced he has in mind reservations to other articles o the treaty snd said he might discuss them while the measure is still pending in com i 1 senate studying ways to tighten immigration laws against was denied access Wednesday to secret gov ernment files at the direction of Harry S Tom Clark informed a senate judiciary subcommittee that to unlock the files of some 161 officials of foreign govern ments was not in the public in terest and might have embar rassing international Clark and of State John Peurifoy subpenaed before the committee to produce files on the 161 of them ambassadors to other na a foreign and one a former assistant secretary gen eral of the United The subjects were not otherwise iden Chairman Pat McCarran said he did not wish to disclose confident inl sources of information or violate But T he that tht txtcnt of the problem be ekarly revealed to the It can be done only when government agencies make a rev 1 elation of basic He said he would not ask for the although Clark and Peurifoy had been subpenaed to I produce We want to know the bnsic facts which the files You can do it without physically pro i ducing a single file or revealing any sources of j McCarran gave Clark a list of j eleven questions to which he said he wanted answers by next Mon Both Clark and Peurifoy agreed to cooperate with the committee and give all the information pos sible within the limits of national Clark said Truman had studied the committees re quest for the and agreed they should be The president has reviewed matter and has advised me that he only concurs in this posi tion hut directs me to take Clark Democrat Bloc Seeks New TH Repealer June 1 am the house labor agreed Wednesday night to continue their efforts to work a compromise bill lor repeal of the TaftHartlpy But they Abandoned plans to heat the senate to the And Chairman John Lcsinski I who had expected 10 ert a hill on the floor within n lew said he hoped to do so by the end of Cards on Table The announcement made alter twohour closed donr meet ing that had been advertised as a cards on table Wednesday nights announce wns interpreted by some as rui admission Ihal the administration and southern Democrats hnvr been tillable to compose their differ The major dispute around the socalled national emergen cy strike section of the o p spoisorcd labormanagement i The net stalls off Mich strikes with The proposer pcriod without specific authori Sniilhrrn But i he insist on something strrinirer and leadrrs have stated openly that they can not Ret a repealer tii house until a compromise is that the whole question will be turned over to a subcommittee headed hy me Keliey i lie said that Keliey will start from scratch in writing p Before the rneeinj one member said that all actions would he asked to put cards on tiie table to see if they add Karlier Wednesday Klbeit Uiahi 01 ihe in labor con mill Ice hinted he mijlit vote for giving the president authority to si ruck plants or industries in national Tile Itah tMd a iepurer Wednesday that a srixuic pinvi Mon lie of the pro cedure for petting rid of the in junction by the Tll law and opposed vigorously by I union i David whose work i as Atomic Energy commission chairman is under told Knowland he would find out whether the reports arc Green Stickers Knowland said he had also heard reports that green stickers were given to officials at the Chicago permitting them to enter and leave without having their automobiles searched by i gun Bourke Hickenlooper whose charges of in credible mismanagement by Lili rnthal touched off the invcstiga produced figures which lie that there had been an turnover in atomic energy personnel in If and This showed bad he Lilienthal replied that it wax the famihar story of the governments difficulty in finding and keeping good Hickenlooper demanded that for hf purposes of the the AKC produce 12 groups of documents covering many phases of atomic Porma Request Late Wednesday the joint con gressional atomic energy commit tee voted to a forma re ciuest to the AEC to turn over six of the 12 The AEC quickly announced that the six categories of documents requested will be soon as pos Tiie list includes all corre spondence with FBI in re gard to lost or atomic whether recovered or still Also covered are reports on the investigation of all alrcnic fellow ship subject linker Page Column S Paris Session Hits Berlin Snags Russ Veto Demands Draw Rejection Of Western Body June 1 Big Four foreign hopelessly bogged down on Germanys politi cal gave up tlia attempt Wednesday and tackled the ques tion of a fourpower government in They found they could not agree on that After eight days of talking in circles on a united Germany they found themselves deadlocked this time on Berlin over Soviet insistence on maintaining the veto in all decisions taken by a revived fourpower allied kom those affecting garbage Simple Majority The three western led by of State called for a simple majority vote procedure in running Berlins daytoday Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky retorted that Russia would accept nothing but the prin ciple of in would give her a constant right to veto ail even on minor The Prussians always have opposed the idea of a majority de cision which would risk leaving them always a minority of The Big Fours deputies ad mi tied meanwhile that they had i been unable to agree on an Aus j Irian treaty and that the three western powers would submit a separate The deputies had been trying for many months to write an Austrian but this proved i Legal Argument I Acheson used blunt Opposition Bloc Forecasts Defeat in Senate or Veto Juno 1 bill to liberalize pensions of veterans of both world wars was passed by the house Wednes day in the face of Veterans Administration warnings that it will cost over the next 50 The vote was 365 to The little band which held out against the bill predicted it would rejected by the f vetoed by Harry S Truman who said in his January budget that this is no time to raise veterans The bill writes into law regulations under which to monthly pensions are paid to veterans with disabilities not due to military Brief Debate The cnly issue disputed in less than two hours of house debate was an unemployability test for the 65yearold veterans which the chamber struck out by 172 to 57 vote at the urging of Chair man John of the veterans At pensions are denied veterans able to work at least The bill would waive that test for 65yearold men but it still would be a test of eligibility for the men in the lower age Under present 65 yearold veterans also must show an actual physical disability of at least This also would be To receive a 72 monthly pension these veterans would only have to pass a test of Would Cost Billions According to veterans adminis tration firstyear cost of the bill would be only but cost in the peak would be About extra most of them from World War Whit taker Chambers Recital of Red activities opens Accuser Again Meet o In Court NEW June 1 taker Chambers came into fed eral court Wednesday for anotlK terms showde i Wednesday after V i shi n s k y With Alger the he launched into a lengthy legal arbranded as a state department tool jgument on why the four powers a prewar Soviet spy in Tiie secretary told him the western powers were there by right and by force of arms and intend to stay We are in Berlin by virtue of agreements antedat ing Acheson But See Tajfe Column West Requests Russia Aid In Treaty Rift June 1 Walter Granger Utah voted for passage of the veterans pension Beds Utah wag paired in favor of the would be added to the pension The scene was reminiscent of j the first parBut by 1955 maie j the extra number would be up to by 1960 to by 1965 to Tn 1970 extra eligibles would total The veterans committee Wrote the unemployability test into the bill Rankins protests after the veterans administration said its removal would raise the 50 year cost from to In addition to elimination of the job the bill carries provi sion raising the income limit which against Hiss before the j house unAmerican activities com mittee last Star Witness selfstyled former the Russian courier for I stepped to the stand as the star government witness in Hiss per jury i Chambers was neatly His face was pale but I A few feet away sat his I wife by bis Hiss has denied ever knowing casuaiiy i comprises the test of under another June 1 The former state department i 1 Ml The United States and Britain jufficial also has denied ever AtlJCC asked Russia Wednesday to joining topdrawer state them in action aimed at halting i secrets to as Chambers jO llltO alleged peace treaty violations byand the government have the Communist governments of and Grand Jiiy Indiclmcnl June 1 Minister Clement Attlee and Win At the same time the State de These denials led a federal grand Churchill the conservative parlment announced it made jury to indict Opposition went into their public notes from all three Bal Before Chambers was called to fjrst secret huddle Wednesday on stale of Britains wartime prime min Jiifin of Gas it 25 Years June I San Juan Basin in New Mexico and Utnh is ex prctrd to natural gns for the next a witness told a power commission exam iner Paul president rf the Ii Paso Gas which seeks to pas facilities that would serve San Francisco and northern Arizona commu nities testified A study of the San Juan area find Kiologiral reports show thai there js i of gas Aliiumgh it has been the hasm is com paialivtly new to intensive de substantial pay for the the project reason thiv cciild be expected to pro dui ifor the his company has for 2n He adder that developments indi cate there are possibly other gas lields in the kan governments denying they viothe the crowded courtroom la led the human and civil set abuzz over an old type scctions of their They writer which Hiss is alleged to and other opposition spokes accused the United Stales of inhave used to copy secrets for the j men have been pressing in the terfcring in their internal affairs j house of commons for more as and fostering in their countries I Some of the the governisurances that Britain is prepared fascist or antigovernment eleI ment still are so hot after 11 against any threat of and lyenrs that they cannot be disclosed especially against any surprise at Closdy Allied ito tne Jury 10 men and lwo tack j Earlier Wednesday Churchill All three governments are close The government said Hiss copied spoke at suburban Kensington and ly allied with and State i them on the typewriter and turned i said he had a growing hope a third department officials generally ex See Page Columns world war would be pect that Russia will side with them and against the western If it turns out that the whole dispute may eventually the United The AmericanBritish action was the latest in a long series against the three Soviet satellite M GOT MY MONEY Teacher in Georgia Wins C Refund Resigns which Washington and London have accused denying religious and political fair trials and the like to their June Now they want to wait Guarantees of human rights arc Melmotli Eomar won back i until Im dead with old age to col contained in the peace treaties hri from Ulc slate j icct if which the former Germanallied Georgia Wednesday after a 53 Ive got I need countries signed after World slfown strike with little i the money for treatment The treaties make the or 5lecP a barnlike state cancer wont British and Russian ministers cfrcc I The state insisted all along that in each of the capitals of the r won sild lhc matronly Mj it couldnt legally refund the treaty countries responsible for yearold Columbia doctor of phi1 money until Bomar resigned enforcing the losophy as she clutched her check j as a So she agreed i and walked out She had i Wednesday under coercion she o Willingness i to quit job as a teacher lo to wire her resignation to Undersecretary of State James i Icrt Picture on Page her superintendent in Wheeler Webb told a news conference J my It was worth that notes from the three Balkan it From Monday until governments fail to answer sat Director Yadcn of the 1 Wednesday when she isfiictorily the charges made Georgia teacher retirement system I ended her Bomar did them and show no will also decided with a I without food except for a sand wich and a half Tuesday night and ingnoss to remedy the f followed the he in A large part of each reply candy bar Wednesday after consists of familiar propaganda Bonuir entered his office I and nf falsa accusations Monday morning and demanded a j Yadcn offered to take her to against the United Webb refund of her contributions to the retirement She We intend to accord had been teaching home economics lunch I dont want anything from you except my she replied ing to the treaty this year in to AmericanBritishSoviet took it out of my puny j She said she didnt mind tht situations in the three little salary consulting I lack of A little reducing and if to the ap rinlared the mi1 wont pointmenl of commissions to con married author of four Bomar left promptly for the sider the disputes and render de1 books and holder of three deMayo clinic in for her cancer