Wednesday, June 1, 1949

Salt Lake Tribune

Location: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - June 1, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Thronfh WEATHER cloudy ud Motor Wednesday In SI 48 SALT LAKE WEDNESDAY JUNE 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Lilienthal Faces Senators Today Committee Awards Hickenlooper Chance to Question AEC Chief May 31 Tuesday decided to let Bourke Hickenlooper himself question atomic chief David Lilenthal in a facetoface meeting Chairman Brian McMahon announced th decision after a twohour closed door session of the Coplon Data Ties Ickes Aid to Reds atomic energy McMahon said he will let Hicken looper conduct iie questioning thereby setting the stage for dramatic encounter between t two principals in a round robin o bitter charges and countercharges The public hearing will start 9 Hickenlooper has accused Lilien thai of incredible mismanage ment in directing the nations atomic development From Dlscloiures The Iowa senators charges capped a series of disclosures tha a small quantity of uranium235 May 31 secret Federal Bureau of Investi gation data slip citing a girl aid of Harold former secretary of the a reported Soviet vVas missing from a Chicago atomic contact was introduced Tues day at the espionage trial of Judith Miss a former justice department is accused of stealing government secrets with intent to aid a foreign The FBI seized in Miss Coplons purse when she was ar rested last March contained a report on a woman named Ursula Wasserman and read as follows In subject her address book the name of Ruth Gruber has been reported to have been a contact of Gerinin of the Soviet Gruber was secre tary to Haiold secretary of Never Ickss Secretary Interior department records show that Miss Gruber was a de partment employe for five but was never Ickes Reached by telephone at his Maryland Ickes commented explosively If thats a test of the accuracy of the B they better Some fool writes her Miss Gribers name slip of paper and they try to smear If shes a Im a The Gruber report was only a single item among a sheaf of 28 key papers admittedly seized from Miss Coplon without a war the government won the right to present as Other papers included an ac count of Miss Coplons alleged at tempt to filch a top secret FBI report dealing with Soviet and Communist espionage activities in the United States and notes on a Russian effort to obtain geophones used in measuring atomic bomb Other Coplon Notes Also among the documents was a typewritten slip which Miss Cop Ion allegedly wrote concerning a woman Lorraine Elkin Sinderbrand She remembers me as a Com and I think she is con fused as to whether I am still A and if so why I continue to work for the government in Washington or if Ive sold I think her opinion is that I am somewhere between the that that Im just a FBI Agent Scctt Miller told the jury Tuesday that the 28 mostly typewritten on onionskin were taken from Miss Coplon when she was ar rested with her alleged Russian sweetheart Valentine in New laboratory for seven weeks before the F2I was and that federal agents stole bars oj uranium from another atomic plant in a security test and kept them for months without being detected Congressional witnesses have also testified that at least one ad mitted Communist and three or four others whose loyalty has been have been awardec to a year atomic fel Finally stung to the explosion Lilienthal called newsmen to his office during the Memorial day holiday Monday and cut loose with one of the sharpest blasts a top government official has leveled against a senator in Lilienthal Charge Lilienthal accused Hickenlooper of resorting to unAmerican smear tactics and declared the senators charges are calculated to arouse fright and ultimately who has demanded that Harry S Truman fire retorted I shall produce the facts in an orderly way and without histronics or McMahon said Tuesday that Hickenlooper did not present his heralded bill of particulars against He said the senator on being permitted to confront the atomic energy commission Wants Complete Report McMahon told newsmen that the congressional commit tee will go into all matters rele vant and and he com mented The American people are not going to be satisfied with anything less than a pretty complete report from the a fail Let be written on the events that are to Hickenlooper estimated it will take five to eight days to present his McMahon predicted a threeweek hearing perhaps Hickenlooper told reporters that when he was chairman of the sen atehouse was during the Republicancontrolled SOth repeatedly and sucessively called the A E Cs at ention to what he considered bad Did He Get Brush Did you get tht brushoff one reporter I think I can prove pro Eisler Pulls Iron Chortles at Escape Holds American Service Record The nations oldest federal 91yearold Tillman Tuesday announced his Appointed In 1915 by Woodrow he has served The judge is a native of Judge 915 Retires After 33 Years Service May 31 retired from the supreme Elbert Utah word Tuesday that udge Tillman Johnson of Utah ias notified Harry S man of his boyhood Judge Johnson wrote the sen court months before his 91st Last week Judge Johnson started an extended vacation to home in told a that n May 28 he had written the iresident that he was ffective as of that Judge Johnson was 91 years old his He had been judge of the dis rict of Utah for more than 33 He surpassed the of the ate Oliver Wendell who crastination in many in other decisions which I dont believe were good for the Gubitatomic energy he re Also among the disputed papers j The congressional inquiry was was a memorandum signed by FBI Director Edgar Hoover which the government says was planted where Miss Coplon would find FBI witnesses have testified that the decoy trap was baited only 10 hours before Miss Coplons arrest and that the planted memo was found in her touched off by a disclosure that an admitted Communist holds an AEC As investigators prepared to question a senate appropriations subcommit tee decided to write a requirement for an F BI check on all appli cants for AEC education funds into the commissions appropria Bolivians Told To Mobilize Fight Strikers He could have retired any time after he reached without loss of He stayed he to save the taxpayers another judges Appointed in Johnson was appointed by Woodrow Wilson in Earlier he practiced law in He came west as an Indian school teacher in serving first at Fort and then at Fort Even in late years the keen eyed judge said he enjoyed his work as much as We said when he reached are always in clined to criticize the young gen eration and the luxuries of modern He liked he He looked but he was rigid LA May 31 UP Bolivian government Tues about to work every day night decreed general mobili zation of all ablebodied citizens Hiss Trial for Perjury Starts In With Jury Choice NEW May 31 one of the federal govern ments bright young men a few years came to trial in federal court Tuesday on perjury Selection of a jury of 10 men and two women was completed three and onehalf hours after the case was Foreman of the jury is Hubert a junior executive with the General Motors Acceptance The governments chief charge is that the former state depart ment official lied when he denied before a federal grand jury that he ever gave secret state department papers to Whittaker selfadmitted former Soviet spy ring The trial had been postponed six who advised the Franklin Roosevelt at Teheran and served as secretary general of the United Nations conference on J international organization at San stepped into court con fidently as the session Selection of a jury was observed by Hiss Lloyd Paul and the governments At torney Thomas Murphy and Thomas special assistant to the Attorney Judge Kaufman excused several men who said they had strong feel ings against Communists or per sons accused of He inquired of others if their occupa tion had any connection with Chambers resigned as an editor of Time magazine in the midst of the sensational investigations of his who denied all Chambers was replaced at his own request in his between 19 and 50 to combat labor political unrest growing out of what the government has de scribed as revolutionary Dispatches from the provincial capital of Oruro reported that fed eral troops seized control of the Muanuni tin mines after a sharp clash with striking mine workers who hurled dynamite at the sol Free Hostages The troops liberated four for including Howard American mine who had been held as hostages by the At least two miners and one soldier were killed in the battle between the dynamitethrowing strikers and the A de tachment of Bolivian troops from the Oruro garrison moved into The retirement of Judre TiJl man Johnson brings to a close the active career of the oldest federal judge in American He recently surpassed the record of Justice Oliver Wendell who retired two months before his 91st Judge Johnson was 91 last Simplified Court Procedure The venerable Utah jurist is noted for much more than his In the nearly Si years he has sat on the federal he has built up a record for fair dealing and wisdom of his deci sions equalled by few He was known throughout the nation for his broad jusiics am analytical Ritter Looms As Favorite For Vacancy By While Utah Democratic leaders were making no public predictions Tuesday night as to who Senior Elbert Thomas would rec ommend as successor to Judge Tillman local speculation indicated that Willis Ritter was regarded as the best single A score or mora prominent members of the Utah bar have been under consideration at vari ous But the factor that served to center the anticipatory attention more on Ritter than other prospects was his close asso ciation with Thomas since the latter entered Original Sponsor Ritter waa a member of the committee which spearheaded the drive for the senators first nomi nation and in Among the bar members who have been discussed as contenders for the honor are former Abe now a member of the National Labor Relations board John former as sistent district attorney Brigham Third district attorney Justice Roger Mc Donough of the state supreme court Reva Beck Bosone Herbert former governor of Utah Grover former attorney general Dist Judge Wil liam Stanley Dunford of the Fourth district Og den attorney and former Demo cratic national committeeman Judge Allan Crockett and Judge Ray Van Cott both of the Third judicial Will Act Quickly In vSenv Thomas said he expected to recommend a successor within a day or The expectation here was that he qiiickiy but until after he had received the views of party leaders in State Chairman Grant farlane and National Committee man Calvin Rawlings received elegrams from the senator during the And presumably similar queries went out to National Com mitteswomah Roxey Romncy in George and State Vice Chair woman Lucille Greenwood in Rich It was generally assumed here hat whoever Thomas recom nends will receive the appoint ment Harry S Regarded as Patronage By long established fed eral judiciary appointments are re garded as the patronage of the senior senator of the state involved if the senator is a member of the same party as the one of the senators half dozen or so closest political associates and is a prac ticing attorney and a parttime professor of law at the University of Utah law He received an degree from the Univer sity of degree from the University of Chicago and a doctor of juridicial science from the Harvard law Long List of Applicants Thomas told reporters in Washington that there was a long list of men who had been sug gested at one time or another for Tom Clark Nominated an 1 fool by he will drop efforts for Abandons All Efforts To Get Eisler May 31 UP The Justice department Tues day gave up its efforts to extra dite Gerhart Germanborn Communist who fled the United States while under sentence and is now in The bespectacled refugee thus escapes the penalties imposed by two Aanerican courts on charges contempt of congress and false statements on an exit He will remain outside the bounds of United States law as long as he stays out of territory direct control of this Tom Clark an nounced abandonment of the ef fort to return Eisler here follow ing Britains refusal to allow his extradition and his flight Tuesday to Czechoslovakia where he called Clark Americas big gest We have been conferring with representatives of the State de partment relative to measures which might be taken outside the extradition treaty to procure the return of the fugitive Gerhart Eis ler to the United Cjark In view of the position of the British government and Eis lers flight to it has been concluded this would be Eisler was sentenced to one year on the contempt charge and one to three years for Ht forfeited of the he lad posted when he sneaked out of the country May 6 on the Polish Jeers at FBI Chief May Attend Prague Meet May 31 cocky and Tuesday night called United Tom Clark this years candidate for the Nobel for And Uncle Edgar Hoover is no super he chortled in a room in the luxurious stateowned Hotel one floor above Paul Asked about Clarks statement that Eisler was biggest he replied I am but Clark Americas biggest to Tell Escape Details The international Communist leader refused to divulge details of his escape from the United States aboard a Polfch ship because the FBI still doesnt I dont want to spoil it for any more political Me said he had ordered his London attorney to from the government to cover the bail he forfeited when he fled on the Polish freighter chuckling at his own perspicacity in eluding hit American flew to Prague from London Tuesdayt Delighted to be on free Her talked Gives Flight He conceded that his conscience hurt at leaving the civil committee holding the bag lor hii but he he had three rea sons if I had stayed in the my appeal would have cost thousands of dollars without re because I would be tossed into prison if I came back tc Germany and the time came when German money was worth some I could repay my I could bettn fight for peace in Germany thar a Worried About Wife Looking Eisler dropped hi jubilance for a Please get this Im worried about my I dont care if the United fignta against Tin their enetn Communist But to take pett revenge against wife is not th American way and Im th majority of Americana feel tha West Refuses To Invite He charged authorities wit seizing his wife a hostage just like the Asked why he didnt take ha with himtihc said he i too Good Friends in America Eisler emphasized that he hel nothing against the American Some of the best friends have in the world are Mos Americans are good But despise American Edgar Hoover and his thi State department and the un American activities ie reputedly the former top Communist agent in the denied that he had been summonec to report to the MOURNED AS DEAD Snarled in Dual Affair Sticks With Wife 2 the Paying his own tribute to the NEW May 31 Anthony the dead rifleman ensnarled in an incredible tangle of battlefield am nesia and dual was lo cated by the New York News in a New York hotel Tuesday night The first he was that Dotty and Rich Everyone agreed there never j recommended some additional was any monkey business in j iudgcships throughout the coun Judge Johnsons He had try they found no reason OtOlt1 QhlMfr rn tmt at tVn retiring Thomas said announced his decision be Tric best part o his record is tween his brunet prewar wife that no one ever questioned but what the law would be taken care of in the Utah There was never any criticism that he was not doing his full His docket vas above When the committee of federal circuit judges the Oruro garrison moved into abilitv tn cft tht i the mines after routing the 2000 I 0caL befng Wed before t0 the Utah Reports from the provinces said that mine after mine was closed down by strikes order of the management in fear of possible and the evacuation of American engineers from mining centers was National Defense The mobilization order was is sued at It instructed fill ablebodied Bolivians in the 19to50 age group that they will be called by categories in accord ance with requirements by the ministry of national The strike started as a protest against the arrest and deportation of Juan a powerful labor leader and head of the tin miners Lcihin and about 80 other union loaders were exiled on gov and would not permit the interjection of extraneous mat Judge Johnson is recog nized as one of the originators of a simplified court procedure now embodied in the rules of federal j Strong in Mind Although frail in the judge is a man of great physi cal and mental He walks with a springy step that belies his years and when court was in session he could be seen any day walking to and from his home in the Eagle Gate apart where he has lived alone since the death of his wife 11 years Judge Johnson came west 63 years his native Ten nessee tc live In a climate which Post In ityear post as head of the CarneIfrnmcnt charges that they planned would be better for his gie Endowment for Internstional to call a genera strike and iscn essay a revolutionary coup Hi had obtained his legal eduon Soe Page Column C LOS May 31 The reelection of Mayor Fletch er Bowron was virtually as sured Tuesday night as returns from 2686 precincts out of 3362 showed Bowron leading by near ly votes over City En gineer Lloyd The unofficial count in the 2686 precincts gave seeking his fourth votes to Aldrichs Bowron led tho field in lust months primary but lacked tho necessary majority over all and his blond wartime sweet heart The handsome and very lively missing five years and long presumed dead in action on a tank chewed French said he will stick by the old Dotty Kelley the girl he came back to in 1944 and with whom he has been living in Staten They have a Rich Of his in I his brunet and his two children who have mourned him for five years as a dead said Asfar as I am Im washed up with I guess Dotty j and I are pretty much in he will surrender to the First army offices here and tell the onagain am nesia story he sounds pretty he also it is He himself ended the fiveyear mystery of his whereabouts by asking the army for his discharge A check with records in Washington disclosed that after long he had been presumed dead by the War in official notification to his If theyll accept the 40 yearold corpse Ill go could live better on army allot ments than the or JS a day he makes a taxicab on Staten He and his second family have been living none too prosper ously in a scantily four room apartment on a ground floor in only a block from the waterfront The showed no immediate enthusiasm and quite a of embarrassment over the potential His case is being it was and if the amnesia story doesnt stand up he might draw up to 10 years in a federal prison as an A W O opponents for election at that Aldrich was next back to thft I like the Top Brass Shuns Plan for Navy Jet Fight May 31 The joint chiefs of staff turned a house commit tee proposal to stage a mock air battle navys Jet fighters and the air forces B36 super A spokesman for the defense department disclosed that Louis Johnson had sent tne joint chiefs objections to chair man Carl Vinson of the house armed services com Earlier Tuesday the commit tee a complete investiga tion of the air forces B38 pur chase and of its entire concept ot strategic May SI UP The western powers gave a quick no Tuesday to aSoviet demand that the council at farsSgn ministers invite members or the dominated German Peoples Con gress to present views on The American refusal was es pecially emphatic since of the congress members is Gerhart Eis the refugee Communist lead er who jumped bail In the United States and scurried behind the iron The invitation was by Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky at tht end Urfide for the people in its eaatBerlin meet Peace Hope During his speech Vishinsky de livered a second snJ final no to western proposals for united Germany and it appeared that all hopes of an eastwest agreement on Germanys political future had of State iean Ache son told Vishinsky bluntly that the eastern Germany congress was a Russian puppet organization with no power to speak for I do not believe for oneminute that these 2000 delegates to the Peoples Congress in any way represent the people of or even the people of the Soviet zone of Acheson I do not believe this delegation of German people could or would express any views whatsver ex cept those expressed by I should rather prefer to look to Vishinsky for the official expression Eisler Blocks Chance British Foreign Ernest 3evin and French Foreign Minis er Robert Schuman backed Ache son in rejecting Vishinskys pro losal listening to Vishinsky again reject their plan letting eastern Germany join their new west German The Peoples Congress only Mon day named a committee to come o Paris to seek an audience with the foreign Eut the elusive Eisler was lected a member of the congress killing chance ts as far as the United States was Eisler a ived in Prague Tuesday on his light from the United in opening Tuesdayi meeting wilth his nearly centered his fire on the ccupation statute the western lowers have agreed upon to sup ilement the west German Thus the four foreign ound themselves right back where they were a week greement and no Allies Warn Russ On Airlift Risk May 31 British and French ralli ary authorities warned the ans Tuesday that they eld responsible for any o allied planes at result of maneuvers over thr Airlift out as to The Russians informed the wwt rn that Soviet gun ers would be firing during ay at two he Buecketwrg air corridor which both American and British T