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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - May 17, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS tra am pm atermountaJn Network Station KALL Throuih Fridiy WEATHER Cloudy and cooler Details M Pftft II VOL 159 NO 33 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH TUESDAY MORNING MAY 17 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS U N Defeats Franco Aid Curb Moves Latin America Backs Rccoftnilion Poles Demand Restrictions NEW YORK May 16 The United Nations assembly Monday stuck to its threeyear ban on Franco Spain But it beat down a Slav bloc campaign to slap restrictions on the Madrid government In a flurry of roll calls the assembly 1 Voted 26 to 15 with 16 absten tions and two absences on a Latin American resolution which would have permitted U N members to send ambassadors and ministers hack to Madrid This proposal failed to pass because it did not get the needed twothirds ma jority 2 Voted down a 13paragraph resolution by Poland which would have kept U N members from sending arms to Spain and would put strong restrictions called j sanctions on trade with Madrid Fail to Get Majority The six Slav countries picked up some support on various para graphs but never approached even a majority vote The final vote on the whole resolution was six in favor 40 opposed and seven abstentions The United States and Britain abstained on the Latin American proposal but voted against the Polish plan The assembly action meant the U N stands by two resolutions approved in its 1946 sessions in London and New York One resolution bars Franco from membership in the U N and any of its specialized agencies The other resolution asked all U N members to recall from Madrid their ambassadors and ministers leavingonly lesser officials in charge Brazil Lends Fight Brazil was reported to have led a campaign in this assembly to take the wraps off Generalissimo Franco But the Latin American bloc split on the issue and the Brazilians never were able to pick up enough support With the Spanish case out of the way the assembly recessed at pm EST until pm The next two items concern refu gees and displaced persons Commercial Relations KatzSuchy declared from the assembly rostrum that Poland had i no commercial relations with Franco Spain and had not plane engines or propellers to Franco Spain McNeil made his statement at the beginning of the long after noon session which continued until the voting began shortly before 6 pm After voting on the LalinAmer j ican resolution the assembly then began rejecting paragraph by paragraph a Polish proposal call ing for economic sanctions against Franco KatzSuchy demanded a roll call vote on each of 13 para graphs Surprised Delegate McNeil obviously surprised sev eral delegates with his declaration on the 500 plane engines and pro pellers He spoke after Polish Delegate Julitisz KatzSuchy made one of his most bitter assaults on the Franco government and charged Britain and the United States were helping Franco McNeil chief assistant to For eign Secy Ernest Bevin did not say whether the engines and pro pellers ever were delivered But he said they almost certainly were intended for Spanishbuilt Heinkel bomber frames for which Britain had refused to sell Spain engines in 1915 The Heinkel bomber was a Ger aian type David E Lilientltal left chairman of the Atomic Energy commission told the senatehouse atomic committee Monday there is no question ot security in commissions derision not to Investigate scholarships The A E C chief poses with Sen Briett McMahon D Conn during the hearing Atom Chief Raps Attempt To Curb Student Grants WASHINGTON May 16 UP David E Lilienthal said Monday the atomic energy commission might hamper scien tific progress if it required se curity checks on students receiv ing fellowships in nonsecret atomic research There is no question of national security at issue here he told a hastily summoned meeting of the joint senatehouse atomic energy committee The sole issue is how best to operate a fellow ship program Backed by Scientists He was backed by Dr A N Richards president of the Na tional Academy of Science Rich ards said such a security require ment would be akin to Russian bureaucracy and would discour age young scientists who are on the sensitive side from seeking fellowships The committee was called into emergency session to review the loyalty issue in the midst of a con gressional furore over the dis covery that two known Commu nists had been granted fellowships by the atomic energy commission Policy Framer Reviews Pact WASHINGTON May 16 UP Arthur H Vandenberg R Mich said Monday he does not believe the North Atlantic Secur ity pact would commit the United States to send troops to quell any purely internal European uprising But he agreed with Seymour Linfield representing the Young Progressives of America that we ought to fincl out Linfield told the senate foreign relations com mittee the alliance is a dagger pointed at the heart of the forth coming Big Four conference in Germany He also voiced fear that it might commit this country to dis patch troops to other signatory North Atlantic nations if they should be threatened by internal revolt Vandenberg senior GOP con gressional foreign policy framer said he thought Linfield was wrong But he said the State de partment owes young Americans a very definite answer as to what U S policy would be in such a situation Rep Carl T Durham Dt N C introduced a bill Monday to block use of atomic energy funds for the education of subversive science students Fellowsnip applicants would be required to fill out a personnel security questionnaire and testify to their loyalty Rep Lawrence H Smith R Wis demanded the resignation of every member of the atomic energy commission Aimed at Subversives The congress is on notice he said It should act at once by demanding the resignations of those responsible for this attack on our national The two Communist students are Hans Friestadt a 1600ayear fellow at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill And a second as yet unnamed student who holds a fellow ship at an eastern university Sen Bourke B Hickenlooper R la revealed the second case The National Academy of Sci ence actually selects promising young scientists for atomic fellow ships but Lilienthal emphasized that his commission has the final responsibility Takes Responsibility If anybody is to be shot he said were the guys to shoot i He said that if it came to a point where he had to decide between j keeping Friestadt as a fellow and losing the services of the academy i Tj o Q he would keep Friestadt He said j 1 1 control of education must be kept out of government hands C47 Crash Kills Five Airmen In New Mexico ROSWELL N M May 16 air force fliers were dead Monday night in the crash of a C47 air force plane six miles east of here One flier parachuted safely before the lowflying craft crashed and burned Walker air base officers iden tified the dead as First Lt Peter Manassero 33 Acampb Cal pilot First1 Lt Lawrence Alden 26 copilot Richard C Powell 29 Pittsburgh Sgt Edward Dun bar 27 Brooklyn N Y Cpl Ted O Van Leuven 19 Downey Ida and Cpl Jaques V Neiss 20 Lancaster Pa The man who parachuted 1o safety as his plane crashed was Chriss O Wentzel of Cooter Mo The public information office at the air base said that the plane of the headquarters group of the 509th bomb wing had just taken off when the crash oc curred Cause was said to have been a burning engine Senate Passes Measure To Revise U S Bureaus VOIDS CHICAGO LAW Court Splits Sharply On Free Speech WASHINGTON May 16 sharply divided supreme court held Monday that freedom of speech cannot be curbed merely because the speaker stirs people to anger invites public dispute and creates unrest Justice Robert H Jackson one of a fourman minority called the decision a dogma of absolute freedom for irresponsible and provocative utterance which almost completely ties the hands of local officers trying to main tain peace There is danger that if the court does not temper its doctri naire logic with a little practical wisdom it will convert the con stitutional bill of rights into a sui cide pact he said Voids Chicago Conviction The court struck down the con viction and fine meted out by the city of Chicago to Arthur Terminiello a Catholic priest from Birmingham Ala who was at the time of his speech under suspen sion from his duties as a clergy man He spoke at the West End Womens club auditorium Feb 7 1946 under auspioes of the Chris tian Veterans of America Gerald L K Smith called the describing Terminiello as the Father Coughlin the South Justice William O Douglas read the fiveman majoritys opinion It called unconstitutional a Chicago ordinance which the Illinois courts had construed as permitting disorderly conduct con viction for any speech which stirs the public to anger invites dispute brings about unrest or creates a disturbance Will Not Stand A conviction resting on any of those grounds Way not Douglas declared A function of free speech un der our system of government is to invite dispute It may indeed Legislation Drawn to Save C7 Billions End Duplication WASHINGTON May 16 senate Monday voted to give Pres Harry S Truman sweeping powers to reorganize the government and possibly save billions of dollars It passed a reorganization bill by voice vote and aent it to conference with the house which already has approved a widely varying version Both bills are based on recommendations of the Hoover commission that the president should have full authority to unsnarl a half century of accumulated red tape and put the Judge Benjamin Shalleck Has backing of Tammany Hail Franklin Delano Roosevelt 3r His political at stake N Y Vote Today Decides Political Fate of FDR Jr NEW YORK May 16 The voters never indifferent to a Rposevelt get another chance Tuesday tocast their ballots for or best serve its high purpose when it induces a condition of unrest creates dissatisfaction with con ditions as they are or even stirs people to anger Justice Harold H Burton jomed Jg father hi3 Jacksons aOOword dissent by Tammany The race in New Yorks 20th congres sional district gave prevoting against the magic name In a redhot race for the con gressional seat of the late Sol I Bloom Franklin Delano Roosevelt Shanghai Units Bolster City As an alternative to a security investigation Richards suggested that fellowship applicants might be required to sign an oath of al legiance If the oath were vio lated he said the grant could be withdrawn Careful Consideration Lilienthal said his commission gave long and careful considera They called the majority decision a fulfillment of the most extrava gant hopes of both right and left totalitarian groups who want nothing so much as to paralyze and discredit the only democratic authority that can curb them in their battle for the streets Frankfurter Dissents Justice Felix Frankfurter wrote another dissent on different I grounds Jackson and Burton joined in it Chief Justice Fred M Vinson also Wrote a third written one since he has been on the bench In another action Monday the court granted the federal govern ment permission to sue Texas and Louisiana in an effort to establish cades in downtown Shanghai Mon control over the oilrich submerged day while Communist armies Off their coasts promise of being a photo finish The campaign was a blazing one right clown to the last moment Roosevelt backed by the Liberal and Four Freedom parties and British Refuse To Release Eisler on Bail LONDON May 16 Brit ish court refused bail Monday for bondjumping Gerhart Eisler and sent the bespectacled Communist j i jeijjuo uti moved to close a ring of men and The Uvo states had contested oack to jail He will spend at least guns around the metropolis I the governments right to sue eight days in a cell awaiting a Stone and sandba shelters for them The case was argued just i hearing on whether he will be re SHANGHAI May 16 UP Nationalist troops erected barri Stone and sandbag shelters for machine gunners and barbed wire barriers were hastily thrown up in the heart of the city Armored cars patroled the main streets gave long and careful consideraj The defending garrison reported tion to the question of requiring bitter fighting on three security clearance for such stuwest where Red armies Sunday dents but finally decided against were within eight miles of the The introduction of security procedures into nonsecret fields city the southwest where Red marauders infiltrated positions a la week ago I The high court declared two I years ago that the government has paramount rights in and power over lands off the Cali fornia coast The government is seeking a similar ruling in the case of the two gulf states which have millions of dollars at stake The court required that the suit turned to the United States as a fugitive his most powerful opponent Mu nicipal Judge Benjamin Shalleck Tammanys Democratic candidate slugged it out shirtsleeve fashion a doorbell the district Roosevelt staged ringing campaign in which stretches from the docks along the Hudson river at 26th st to the towering apartments of Riverside dr around Columbia uni versity Tammany fearful of another Koosevclt who might shake the old machine to its base called out all its men to bring in the vote from an overwhelmingly Demo cratic district which elected Bloom 14 straight times The two other candidates are William H Mclntyre Republican and Dr Annette T Rubenstein American Labor party Both waged little more than token cam paigns and neither is given much chance Miss Rubenstein is sup ported by the Communist party and Henry Wallaces Progressive party Some insurgent joined Tammanys Republicans stop Roose velt drive Monday by bolting their own candidate and forming a Republicans for Shalleck group As the campaign boiled to a close nil candidates predicted vic by 9000 votes Roosevelt by 7000 Mclntyre on the government on a more ind businesslike basin Mr Truman only last week jogged the senate to hurry the bill so he could get started on putting tha commissions nto operation State Department Shakeup The senate also passed another bill authorizing the appointment of four new assistant secretariea at state under plarw for a wholesale shakeup of the State department Two of the appointees would be deputy undersecretaries to take over administrative and policy duties now handled by the top command This bill was sent to the White House for Mr Trumans signature The senate vote the State department took the first step towards merging its own staff with the foreign service in line with Hoover commission findings that present overlapping and duplication is a source of friction and inefficiency Sleets No Opposition The senate version was whipped through without opposition after leas than two hours of debate It differs from the house bill in major respects The senate would either the house or senate veto power over the presidents reorganiza tion proposals The house bill would rejection by both chambers to keep a plan from being put into The house bill wbuld give ipecial treatment to the Defense depart ment and several pthtr by requiringthe president ta init separate reorgariSzatipn plans for them Under the bill there would no for any agency Senate Bill The senate bill would put an April 1 1953 time limit on all reorganization plans There is no cutoff date in the house measure The senate wrote in an amend ment by Sen Harry F Byrd D Va requiring the president to submit an estimate of how much money each reorganiztion plan would save Chairman John L McClellan D Ark of the senate executive ex penditures committee urged the senate to approve the bill with no special treatment for pet agencies as provided by the house If such efforts were made he said he would have no alternative but to seek an exemption for the army engineers Sparks Sharp Battle The Hoover commission pro posed that the engineers flood control and river and harbors functions be transferred to the Interior department touchingoff one of the sharpest battles in con An involved international con theory that votes for Shalleck and f few miles from Hunjrjao airfield and the Uvo states replies be filed by Sept 1 It left unanswered what it will do after that Court i pi iinw ct iev nines iruni OHJHTIU j would establish a precedent of j and the southeast where guerillas and farreaching consej were raiding the Nanhwei district quence to our scientific and edu17 miles from Shanghais center attaches said it might 1 name cational system he said Of the city Lilienthal conceded that some of the fellows may be hired by the llirpfi Sld government later to work on the The Communist radio said three atomic enerpy program j columns attacking from south west and southwest had encircled majority Tammany supporters charged that Roosevelt was trying to buy the election and had spent about Roosevelt backers charged that Tammany intended to steal the election by sending floaters to the polls meanwhile were check a master to lake testimony or 2 hear the case itself as it did in the California suit FIRST BERLIN RETURNS Defeat Looms for Communists BERLIN Tuesday May 17 scattered returns Tuesday from eastern Berlin in the Soviet zone elections showed the Com munists were taking a licking This was in contrast with the confident predictions of Commu nist politicians in the Soviet zone of occupation that an overwhelm ing majority of the voters would support them The voting took piace Sunday and Monday for a peoples con gress of 2000 members all hand picked by Communistcontrolled organizations and put on a single ticket 7000 to 2820 The main election oommittiH1 of the peoples congress for Berlin announced that of 7000 votes counted only 2820 indorsed the list of candidates on the ballot A total of 3809 votes said no Some wrote on their ballots We wont vote for a police state and we reject communism About 350 votes were declared invalid The early returns from Berlin showed a majority of no the only way the congress could be rejected since only one list of candidates was submitted Russiancontrolled propaganda outlets gave no returns The3 gave out reports only of a heavy vote being cast ranging from 978 to S33c For Use as Club The peoples congress would be the Soviet answer to the west ern stnle being set up in the west ern occupation zone by the Brit ish French and Americans It would hack Russia in the four power conference on Germany scheduled to open in Paris May 23 Earlier eastern zone Commu rists had claimed they would roll up 10000000 votes in support of the peoples congress for the en tire occupation zone Unofficial reports in western Berlin newspapers said the trend set by the first returns in Berlin were reflected in the surrounding Soviet zone outside the city Outside Keportd Good At one place only 38 of the voters supported the peoples con gress and at another only these papers said The official final results will not be announced until some time Tuesday afternoon A rcpresenti live of the Sovietlicensed news njrenry said the agency was re ceiving detailed returns but was not announcing them He said the agency was waiting for more returns because the overall picture may be different the city on three sides leaving only the northern water ap proaches free The Woosung forts guardian of the sea escape route from Shang hai were under heavy artillery j attack but the communique said I Nationalist defenders were holding j firm seven miles west of the forts Air travelers arriving in Hong Kong reported that heavy Red forces had crossed the Whangpoo river south of Shanghai linking up the southeastern and south western fronts Sign of Evacuation The air passengers also saw signs that Nationalist troops were being evacuated by sea from the coast cast of possible indication that the city would be i surrendered without a fight i The communique said the Chi nose air force was hammering the i Communists in roundthcrlock bombing and strafing raids m flictinff thousands of casualties The Nationalist navy Sunday de stroyed many Communist artillery I emplacements killing at least I 5000 enemy troops the communi ique claimed Tornado Damage Hits Million In Texas Areas AMARILLO Tex May 16 estimates edged past 53000000 Monday in the wake j ish pofice troversy developed around Eisler Roosevelt would cancel each other who had tried to flee American au Rubinstein by a simple thorities by stowing away aboard the Polish liner Batory Eisler claims he was a political refugee enjoying asylum under the Polish flag when he was kidnapped in violation of international law Confirm Charge i The Polish government Monday demanded his release and an apol inS ogy from British authorties for3000 dragging Eisler from the Batory I I off Southampton Saturday ains house of commons argued the case and then passed on to other business to await the find ings of the court In Washington the State depart ment confirmed a Polish charge that the United States had threat ened action to seize the 14287 ic registration of more of the 181000 registered gress in years McClellan said he would not yield in conference either on the one house veto provision or the ban against exempting any agency Sen Arthur H Vandenberg R Mich backed him up He said the bill provides the best opportunity in years to demobilize the bureau cracy of this government Any attempts to exclude spe cific departments and agencies would tie the presidents hands so much that he might not submit any reorganization plans he said Im not willing to give him that i alibi I U S Explores New Charges Aainst Communist Eisler ton Batory unless the master of the ship surrendered Eisler to Brit WASHINGTON May 16 05P1 of a tornado which whiplashcd this panhandle capital killing four and then skipped SO miles north to flatten some of Texas richest wheatland Eightythree persons were in jured and 350 homes demolished or destroyed by the skipping howling twister which mangled 35 blocks in the southern sec tion of this town of 102000 Sun day night Damage to homes alone was estimated at more than 000 Tradewinds airport where planes were destroyed and 15 the loll nt 000 Other damaffe to railroad equipment utilities and the MasseyHnrris implement house heavy MasscyHarris es timated itsloss at Officials said Monday night a fresh charge may be slapped against i Communist Gerhart Eisler as a fugitive from American justice if Eisler made two appearances in j and he is extradited from court Monday First the 52year nrjjjarci old defendant was brought before a magistrates court in South ampton which shunted the case to Londons Bow street court only court in England with jurisdiction in an extradition case Adjourns Hearing Magistrate J W Eastwood of the Bow street court turned down the bail plea of Eislcrs counsel and ordered the roundfaced Red Demands for a congressional in vestigation of the strange case virtually unprecedented in Ameri can jurisprudence arose mean while on both sides of Capitol Hill In the house Rep Leslie C Arends R 111 demanded an in quiry into the justice departments methods and asked his colleagues How was it possible that Eisler was able to elude the surveillance remanded in custody he was supposed to be under and The hearing of the case was ad slip through the fingers of the journed until May 21 j justice department The proceeding at Bow street j And what doer Atty Gen Clark lasted 2o minutes Then a warder i have to say about Eislers slick led Eisler off to a cellblock Li his I forthcoming appearance in court he must show cause why he should I not bo extradited trick Clark had no immediate com ment But Rep Francis E Wal ler D Pa told thi the out of United two jail blame rests not on the justice de partment but the court system which permits bail in such cases In the senate Sen Alexander Wiley R Wis joined Sen Pat McCarran D Nev in calling for s thoroughgoinginquiry Sato how Eisler eluded federal agents and ducked States with hanging over hia head Assistant U S Dist Atty Wil liam Hitz said Eisler who fled aa a stowaway aboard the Polish liner Batory on May 8 skipped the country in violation of of his ball Hitz indicated the protecutlon of Eisler as a fugitive it hifhly likely who prosecuted Eisler for passport fraud and contempt of congress said that under the pro visions of the bonds in both cases Eisler wan not permitted to the jurisdiction of court with out special permission No well permission uked
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