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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - May 6, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intermonniain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Partly cloudy clearing by night Rising temperature on Page 87 VOL 159 NO 22 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING MAY 6 1919 PRICE FIVE CENTS West Insists On Free Reich State Airlift Will Carry On After Berlin Block Ends May 12 BERLIN May 5 ern leaders served notice Thurs day the establishment of a truly democratic Germany will be their price for agreement1 with the Russians at the forth1 coming Big Four foreign minj isters conference British Foreign Secy Ernest Bcvir and Gen Sir Brian Robert son British commander in Ger many set the keynote The cold battle for Berlin has been ended by agreement Now the east and west face a greater i test of struggle for all of Germany A fourpower communique cdh firmed that the Russian blockade of western Berlin and the western alliescounter blockade of tha Soi viet zone of Germany will be lifted May 12 Foreign Ministers Sleet The bulletin also said the for eign ministers of the United States i the Soviet Union Britain and France will meet in Paris May 23 I to consider questions relating to j Germany and problems arising out of the situation in Berlin includi ing also the question of currency in Berlin j It be the seventh such sesi since the war 65000 UAW Strike Key Plants of Ford i ICC HEARING Geneva Rate Held Aid To AH West Iritmn HshliijtJnn Hurcn May S Steel rates from Geneva Utah plant toi Pacific coast plants are within j the 7one of maximum reasonable I ness and their cancellation after being in effect more than two j years would adversely affect the j entire economy of western states the Interstate Commerce commis jsion was told Thursday by H W Pricketl of Salt Lakecity In oral argument before the com jmission as transportation consul Itant of the state department of publicity and industrial develop jment Prickett challenged the ar Iguments of eastern steel compan ies for rate increases westward from Geneva on the ground that j ratio of operating expenseto revenues at the steel plant is con isiderably higher than those corre sponding commodities from nearby points shipped to the west coast for export Iiidustriiil X Walkout Threatens to Close Huge Industrial Empire DETROIT May 5 65000 Congress of Industrial Orjjanizaiions United Auto Workers struck two key plants of itlirKorcl Motor Co Thursday over n alleged speedup threat ening shutdown within three weeks of Fords industrial empire in S3 cities A complete shutdown would leave idle 135200 maintenance j office and production work ers including the strikers and cut off deliveries to Ford Mercury and Lincoln dealers If prolonged it would affect 3500 major sup Summary Of Statistics Scene as Picketing Begins at River Rouge Paris Moscow Washington This was hv pickets Thursday when the driver Rouge plant where shout 65000 T XorK it has in Jsew to through a gate at the Ford Motor Cos River j Picket wiih cigar motions for The communique was issued i simultaneously Thursday in LonI don Pa and Ne York that the agreement was worked out among Big Four rep resentatives to the United Nations Peoples around the world ex perienced a sense of relief when 7iews of the understanding be came known Berlin had been a powder keg for more than 10 months At times during that period it had appeared that a new world war might be touched off in the ruined city Who won the strange battle here Both sides claimed victory While there was more than one way of looking at the turn of events the claims of the west ap peared to be the most valid After all the Russians had failed in the effort to force them out of Berlin West Military Unity Both sides now were looking ahead to the foreign ministers meeting in Paris The debate there will be conducted against a changed global background In the west for instance there is greater political and military unity best expressed in the 12 nation North Atlantic treaty and the signing in London Thursday of the charter of the Council of Europe Counterbalancing this in the fast the onward rush of com munism in China has transformed the pattern of Asia Gen Robertson voiced the wests determination not to bargain away fundamental democratic rights at the Paris talks He told a news conference here The solution of the whole Ger man problem depends more on freedom of elections of the press rpeech and radio than on anything else Bevin Determined Similar determination was voiced by Foreign Secy Bevin in the house of commons in London Bevin expressed hope the Paris sessions will produce an agree menl on the German problem and said Britain will attend in a spirit of firmness and reasonableness The airmen kept western Berlin supplied during the Soviet block ade Up through Thursday the milift had made a total of ISO787 flights and brought 1531614 tons of food fuel and other essential supplies to the city Both Gen Robertson and Gen Lucius D Clay American military governor agreed that the airlift would be kept going at full si rength for perhaps a month after the blockade is lifted to build up Berlins stockpiles niied Auto W the driver to orkers art turn down on strike tiir road 10 Nations Form Europe Council I Approve Charter LONDON May 5 j sentatives of 10 western nations j signed Thursday the charter for a council of Europe which in effect sets up a joint cabinet and parliament The 10 nations are Britain France Belgium the Nether lands Luxembourg Norway Sweden Denmark Italy and Ireland The council is to hold its first meeting this summer in Stras bourg France Its functions will be limited to debate and rec ommendations on political cul tural and some economic mat ters It is not empowered to discuss defense matters Deputy Prime Minister Her bert Morrison indicated that conservative leader Winston Churchill who heads a move ment for a United States of Europe may become a British delegate to the council Truman Stavs Stump Plan On Top Issues WASHINGTON May 5 Pres Harry S Truman indicated Thursday he will bide his time with a balky congress before de ciding whether to take the issues to the people Ke told a news conference he j still believes a labor relations bill satisfactory to the adminis tration can be worked out withi out concessions to the opposition His posilion favoring TaftHartley j act repeal has not changed he added Keypl Dignilary i Foils Atlackcrs CAIRO Egypt May 5 Hamid Gotida tiij president ot the rhamber of deputies escaped with his life Thursday when three hand grenades were hurled at his car Gouda was on his way home at the time The grenades ex ploded but wore apparently tlinwn wide of their mark Gouda was driving to his home in suburban Maadi When the first grenade exploded his aide rle camp asked the driver to speed up the cur The of the body guard fMhangid fire with the at tackers Thf dispatches from fairo gave iiD imiiratiiin nf llv ilenlity of Cioiiilas attackers ur their motive A miliiHiy ceiisirsliip still pre vails in I he Ktiyplian capital i Imiila s vuf preitiiMit of the Pniihl party to whii h Pro Ihrahim Ahdjl Hadi Pasha belongs No Plans for Trip j And when asked if he would take his new farm and health ini surance programs to the people in I a crosscountry swing he replied he had no plans for such a trip The president said he regarded the house vote to send the Wood bill back to committee as an ad ministration victory Why Ee i cause he said it gives legislators I a chance to start all over again and now the administration may get a bill it can accept The house labor committee headed by Rep John Lesinski D may start work on a new i measure early next week Likes Usinski Bill The Wood bill would have re pealed TaftHartlcy in name but 1 retained most of its main provis ions Republicans and southern Democrats offered it as a sutasti lute for the Lesinski bill which is in line with administration aims The president said Thursday the Lesinski bill is a good one al though congress has the right tc it any way it sees fit Mr Truman said his approval had never been sought for the com promise offered by Speaker Sum Paybiirn and other admmistraj lion supporters which was lrnwn as the Sims hill after Rep Hugo S Sims D S ri This hill which uniild have retained smile feature I nf TaftHnrtley while changing the i i rest was rejected by the house Wallace Says U S Stalls Berlin Peace WASHINGTON May 5 Henry A Wallace accused the State department Thursday of de liberately withholding Russias of fer to lift the Berlin blockade for fear the announcement might block the North Atlantic treaty The former vice president made that charge before the senate for eign relations committee where he testified against the 12nation security pact Draws Sharp Kelort That and other parts of his testimony brought sharp words from high ranking members of the committee Chairman Tom Connally D Texl shouted at one point What do you want us to sit down and let Russia absorb the world and do nothing about it Sen Arthur Vandenberg of Michigan No 1 Republican on the committee told Wallace he could never condone his action in in sisting that your country is im perialistic in attitude and objec it is bent on con quest in one form or another Neither Devoted to Peace Wallace told the committee I say that neither Russia nor the United States is devoted to ob taining peace 1 dont hold a brief for either one As the first witness the commit tee has heard against the treaty Wallace said the initial Russian offer lo lift the blockade was made March lit bur was not made public by the Slate department for more than a month The reason he declared was that it explodes the myth on which the North Atlantic pact is based and destroys the basis on which it is being sold to the American people The State department busy with arrangements for actual lift ing of tiie Berlin land block a week from Thursday had no im mediate comment on Wallaces accusation REDUCE INEQUALITIES Million Education Bill Gets Senate Okeh WASHINGTON May 5 The senate Thursday night passed a bill authorizing federal grants of a year to help the states pay teachers salaries and other school operating expenses It now goes to the house The vole was 58 to 15 Passage came after the senate slapped down a series of major amendments Two of them brought in the question of church and state relations in dealing with schools One of the last amendments re jected was one by Sen Forrest C Donnell R Mo to limit the bills funds to public schools It j was snowed under 71 to 3 Earlier senators rejected by voice vote an amendment of Sen Brian McMahon D Jt provided that any of the federal funds used by a state for school bus service must be available to all children whether theyattend parochial or public schools The bill leaves this question for the states to decide Declared Purpose The declared purpose of the bill is lo air in financing a minimum educational program in elementary and secondary schools and to re duce inequalities educational opportunities Allotments to states would he V5 to a pupil fig Slav 5 Klherl Thomas D Ctah And Arlhiir V K Ttnh vnfed for the federal aid 1i education hill j Continued successful operation the Geneva plant will make it the nucleus for location in the west of many new dustries accompa employment Prickett contended The plant itself and contributing industries now employ 6200 persons with an annual pay roll of 19 million dollars he said In 1947 a year after its acqui sition by United States lecl ICorp the plant shipped 803 car i loads weighing 27895 tons he pointed out i Rates Comparable Contending that rates from Geneva are no lower than those maintained from other production j points of the United Stales Steel I Corp Prickett said those rates which were put into effect in April l917 pendingan ICC investiga tion have henefitted the entire Pacific coast and interniountam section The rate rase is now before the commission for final hearing find report Eastern steel companies With the exception of U S Steel have fought the westbound rates from Geneva i WASHINGTON May 5 Railroads which lowered freiprnt rates on steel shipments to the west from Geneva Utah promised See Page 4 Column 3 pliers of parts and equipment for In rord Walkout iFord comPany plants AH i uiu f7 utnuni I The strjke ht the River Rouge and LincolnMercury assembly and manufacturing plants a few min jutcs before noon EST when workers abandoned their tools i streamed out of the gates and set i up picket lines DETROIT May 5 UP Facts and figures on the Ford Motor Co strike which began at noon ESTI Thursday Plants struck River Rouge plant in suburban Dearborn and the LincolnMercury plant in Detroit Number of workers idled 1f the strike is prolonged 135000 Number of workers on strike 65000 including 59000 at Rouge and 3200 at Lincoln Number of plants affected by a prolonged strike 33 Loss in daily production 3450 Ford cars 10SO Ford trucks 675 Mercury cars 125 Lincoln cars Issue in dispute Alleged speedups on assembly lines at Rouge and Lincoln Coal Contract Meet Eyed WASHINGTON May 5 Pi John L Lewis and the southern coal operators agreed Thursday to negotiate on the question where and when new contract talks should begin That moved them a step nearer jto sitting down to separate nego1 jtialions for a contract lo supplant the current one expiring June HO j j Tile northern western and steel I company interests with captive j mines have made no move as to begin negotiations It is about 60 days until the j miners actually would be in a legal i position lo strike if negotiations i fail to produce a new work agree jnient by July f The TaftHarlley I act requires a 60day notice of ini j tention to strike i I After an exchange of letters i Thursday it was disclosed Joseph K Moody president of the South1 lern Coal Producers association i will meet Lewis personally to work j out the dale for the separate nego tfat ions ured on a formula taking into account the annual income pay ments in each slate The poorer states would get a larger share The per child allotment for Utah would he and the approxi mate aggregate SI170000 The senate acted at a night ses sion after five days of debate The measure was introduced by a bipartisan group of 15 senators and strongly urged by Pres Harry S Truman Federal Control Sen Robert A Taft P 0 was a leader in the tight for the bill Pointing up the split in sen ate Republican ranks over social welfare legislation such as the education measure Sen Kenneth Wherry of Nebraska the GOP leader bitterly denounced the bill as a socialistic program Federal aid to education in the years to come means federal con trol WluiTV shouted An almost identical bill was passed by the senate lavt by a vote 8 to 22 but it died in a house committee Donnell in urging his amend ment to limit the aid to public schools argued that congress should lake pains to a void any irtinningJing of church and state Johnson Flays TowerMad As Red Tools Washington May r fense Secretary Louis Johnson Thursday night accused a powerseeking and mergermad businessmen of playing squarely Communist hands by trying to grab more and more economic power He mide the statement in an address to the 37th annual meetI ing here of the United States Chamber of Commerce lie also location in the j Tr T A I and added in I Alfl nied by increased VJ jLjLJIvl Further Cut In Living Cost WASHINGTON May 5 Housewives got a cheering forecast Thursday from a top government economic there will be a further easing of living costs this year At the same time he told busi nessmen not to start digging storm cellars because he said the nations economic foundations are strong enough to prevent a collapse While Dr Edwin G Nourse was handing out this advice speakers at a chamber of commerce meeting were urging the administration not to go on a spending spree in an effort to promote prosperity They said this would bring on a depres sion Instead they advocated giv ing private industry more freedom of action to deal with tht postwar readjustment problems Sees No Collapse Nourse expressed his views to reporters after giving President Truman the latest analysis of the nations economic health prepared by the White House economic ad visory council which he heads Although the councils report was not made public Nourse gave some of its main points Living costs in March were under the peak of Aug 194S and despite a slight upturn in April he said a further drop is in pros pect Prices continue downward Nourse said but not on a demor alized basis We still have it in our power lo make postwar readjustments and prevent a collapse Nourse de clared Banker Wants Hands OIT I How to prevent a collapse was a topic at the annual chamber of commerce sessions Murray Shields vice president of the Bank of Manhattan said We shall have a severe or pro longed depression only if the gov1 problem squarely if speechmaking I ing p ncn They elected fuses j eminent relies solely on its spend power to turn the tide and re to take those actions which will reactivate and reinvigorate the 300 STRANDED IN WYOMING Snow Drifts Bar Highway 30 pledged himself to throw as many dcfnnse orders as possible to small business which he described as the second line ofdefense in any war Klcct Chiefs Johnsons blunt address cli maxed a day of for the biisinessm Herman W Stcinkraus of the Bridgeport norm Brans Co as their new president He succeeds j the private sector of the economy I 0 Shrevn of Xew York whfi held tho pfisl since HM7 Nowhere in his speech did John son identify the businessmen he had in mind But he asserted sharply it is high time that those few powerseeking and mergcrmad corporation officials in our midst realize that the enemies of our Mayor of Dearborn Ford called on the mayor of Dearborn Mich to open lines through the pickets so anyone wishing to leave or enter the Rouge plant could do so The U A W permitted only maintenance and custodial personnel through the gates If local police are unable to cope with the situation the com pany asked Mayor Orville Hub bard to call promptly for state and county help A copy of re quest was sent to Gov G Mermen Williams In a formal statement the com pany said that the strike occurred despite every effort of the man agement to prevent it This strike is the result of ar bitrary action by the union and the company and all employes are the victims the statement said The strikers include more than 59000 workers from the River Rouge plant which sprawls over 1076 acres along the Detroit river and is one of the worlds largest industrial installations About 3200 left their jobs at ths Lincoln Mercury plaflit Estimated The walkout will cost the strik ers an estimated daily in The strike call and exodua from the plants was orderly One strik er Earl Ellis 52 collapsed and died of a heart attack as he rode with fellow strikers out of the River Rouge plant The walkout began while com pany and union officials were at tempting to effect a settlement of the unions charge that work ers had been forced to produce cars too fast in relation to the number of men on the job The meeting started lass than two hours before the strike deadline and ended without any progress Both sides agreed to meet again if either requested resumption of negotiations UAW President Walter international UAW president entered the ne gotiations Thursday as the strike deadline approached Previously he had rejected a company invitation to enter the discussions The company rejected a union proposal that Ford put into ef fect work standards and assembly line procedures which the union said are in effect in a major por tion of the automobile industry Reuther and John S Bugaa Ford vice president in charge of industrial relations said the meet ing had made no progress toward a settlement Reuther said the union and company could not reach even a verbal agreement He charged that the company which had offered to submit the dispute to arbitration was hiding behind the skirts of arbitration and refused to deal with the speedup He said the union hoped for a short strike but was prepared for a long long siege factors making for expansion in i the The official call for the strike first major walkout against See Page 4 Column 6 ROCK SPRINGS Wyo May 5 Nearly 300 automobiles and trucks were stranded Thursday night by drifting snow along U S 30 major transcontinental route The motorists wrrc stalled mostly in n 60mile stretch extending from a point six miles east of Rock Springs to Wnmsutter WamsuUer at an elevation of 6709 feet is near the point where the highway crosses the continental divide at 7178 fpct in southern Wyoming Tempera hires during the early evening were just below freezing at Rock Springs and probably several dfgrrrs colder at the higher elevations the wcnthrr bureau said Snow was continuing lightly after a hravv ffill during the day There was a 30 mph wind at Rock Springs with gusts up to 40 mnh Highway crows were driving plows to the stranded motorists but there was no indi cation they could clear the route Thursday night The traffichalting snowdrifts stopped through travel at either end of a 100mile stretch of the important highway There were also roadchoking drifts inbetween Heavy drifted snow was reported at Cherokee hill 16 miles west of Rawlins at Bitter Creek divide and also 40 miles east of divide midway between Rawlins and Rock Springs Rock Springs had little morr than two incbfs of snow on the ground hut there wis reported to be from 15 to 18 inches of snow between here and Rnwlins Freezing temperatures and frost were in prospect for the region economic system are gambling on a hope that American big bnsi ness by concentrating more and i more economic power in fewer and fewer business enterprises will finally drive us into some form of the corporate state First Tiirgils Johnson continued If war does conic and it proves to be an atomic war we must assume that the big Trapped Miners Found Dead By Pennsylvania Rescuers GJRARDVILLE Pa Friday throughout Thursday night were May 6 miners trapped I about 200 persons including mem in a burning anthracite mine last bers of the four miners families Tuesday were found dead Friday when the miners plight was discovered last Tuesday of the Gilbcrton Coal Co said rescue workers found the four bodies close together on the second level of the companys No 5 colliery 600 ft below the surface The bodies Christ said were about liOO ft from the main shaft on the second level It had been believed the men rescue crews were quickly organized Air compressors were attached to the mines airlines and huge fans were set up in an attempt to dispel the smoke and fumes The rescue crews gradually worked their way down to the second level operating in shifts on the smaller plants j lo the shaft of smoke andlville These hundreds of thousands of jfires from the fire on the second A huge fan capable of moving small businesses s a t i r e d iPVel The blaze was still underway 100000 cu ft of air per minute ihrniifrhoui our land togMier with when rescuers reached the bodies i was brought from a nearby mina our millions t independent hut huge fans kept air in the I to blow fresh air down the shaft rrs are the essenec of our shaft clear j Other smaller fans on ventilation nirciHcy They are our basic saleI Arrangements were started im shafts surrounding the mine guard against I statism the dangers of mediately tc bring the bodies to the surface At the pithead pulling air from the mine at ap proximately the name I I
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