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Salt Lake Tribune: Saturday, April 30, 1949 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 30, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Throtifh Frldayl WEATHER Partly cicudy eontiaued cool Details on Pago 4 VOL 159 NO 16 Test Ballot Stuns H Repealers SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SATURDAY MORNING APRIL SO 1949 Administration Studies Change O In Course After House Vote WASHINGTON April 29 Administration leader considered a drastic change in their strategy Friday after a tes house vote indicated they may not have the strength to repea the TaftHartley labor law in favor of a modified Wagner act Tne unexpected weakness came to light when a coalition o Republicans and southern Demo crats defeated a motion to limi debate and a vote at pm EOT on the socalled Wood substi tute for the administration bill Truman Test On Loyalty Standard Due WASHINGTON April 29 Dixie Democrats Friday awaited a White House ruling to determine the exact loyalty standard they must meet in order to get Pres Harry S Trumans approval on federal job appointments They expect the answer when Had Been Confident Administration leaders had been confident the house would limit debate and then go on to defea the Wood substitute That woule have cleared the way for a vote on the administration bill itself Instead the gag motion was de feated 189 to 158 on a teller vote Democrat leaders made little ef fort to hide their chagrin One top Democrat said party leaders are statement Sam Ray considering an open lossibly by Speaker promising to accept Mr Truman announces his decicertain changes in the adminis sion on whethe or not state circuit I tration repeal bill Judge J P Coleman of Ackerman I Rayburn himself declined to Miss is to get the job ot United States attorney for northern Mis sissippi The president talked the mat ter over Friday with J Howard McGrath national Democratic chairman and Sen John C Sten nis D Miss who recommended Coleman for the federal post Under Advisement McGrath and Stennis reported later that Mr Truman didnt say yes nor did he say no but simply took the appointment under advisement The reason the Coleman case figures in the Truman loyalty test is that Stennis opposes the presidents civil rights program and Mr Truman has indicated that Democrats who dont support the administrations legislative pro posals may not have much sayso tbout patronage But both Stennis and McGrath said that there was no mention of the stand Stennis has taken on the civil rights issue nor how he may vote on the TaftHartley re peal measure which the president comment except that he will have something to say just before the house votes on the Wood substi tute The coalition is backing the Wood bill Sees Bill Defeat Chairman John Lesinski D Mich of the house labor commit tee said he will oppose all amend ments to the administration bill I cant help what anybodv else will do but I am going to fight all amendments he said I still think we have the votes to lick the Wood bill There had been an informal understanding that Democratic leaders would not put up too much at a fight against some changes in the administration bill But for the record they have insisted they will oppose all amendments That is why we are in trouble now one Democrat said It probably can be overcome only by a direct statement from the leader ship itself PRICE FIVE CENTS U S Russ Blockade Talks Moving Treaty Bracing Confidence of Free Men marshal plan Ambassador W Averell Harriman testified before the senate foreign relations committee Friday that the Atlantic treaty must be approved tocontinue the momentum toward world peace larriinan Supports Treaty To Maintain Peace Pace WASHINGTON April 29 His testimony before the senate I A wiVi i i Puts Off Decision The defeat of the administration fixed specifically as a test of j effort to limit debate means that party loyalty To Vote on Merit The senator said earlier in a statement that he in tends to cast his votes on the merits of the legislation involved regardless of patronage or any other outside consideration The Democratic committee cleared the Coleman appointment some time ago but it has been held up pending Mr Trumans ap proval For McGrath it apparently represents a test of his viewpoint that senators and representatives who didnt openly fight Mr Tru mans candidacy last year should share in if they are not willing to support all of the Truman program BUST BARRIER Use Surplus Firms Told WASHINGTON April 29 AP the house probably will not be able to complete action on the labor bill uiitil Tuesday at the earliest The chamber will not meet Sat urday The house rejected an ouland out chance to repeal the Taft Hartley act and replace it with the Wagner act without changes The motion was offered by Rep Vito Marcantonio ALP N Over his arguments that any other action would be a betrayal of workers the proposal was de feated 275 to 37 AdministraticD Democrats joined in voting against the pro posal because they believe the house is in no mood to return tn the original Wsgner act Rep Andrew Jacobs p Ind said a vote for Marcantbhios bill was a vote to keep the TaftHartley law plan Ambassador W Averell Harriman said Friday we are moving away from war but he declared America must help rearm Atlantic pact nations to maintain that peace momentum In western Europe today there is a growing wave of confidence he reported confidence instilled by the concept of tis North At lantic treaty that free men will stand together in common defense of their liberty and But Harriman said if the United States should turn aside at this moment I doubt whether we can ever again recapture that spirit Coplon Asked For Secrets Witness S WASHINGTON April 29 UP Ruth M Rosson a justice department attorney testified Fri day that petite Judith Coplon asked dential FBI reports on foreign Accepts Amendments I embassies particularly those Trie house accepted several to Russia amendments to the Wood bill aimed at making it more accept able to labor unions Those amend ments also were opposed by ad ministration leaders They are afraid the house may accept the 1 t tl f U11U The U S Chamber of Commerce I Woodbil1 if jt is watered down is circulating advice to business men that hoarding dollars instead of spending them on plant expan sion or dividends can force a de pression Emerson P Schmidt the cham bers economic research director makes that argument in the or ganizations publication Business Action If enough businessmen go in for deep depression adjustments Mrs Rosson went on the stand at th 27yearolrt Miss Conlohs espionage trial after William E Foley the government girls for mer boss said she was relievedof all security work after he learned she was runnirg around with Valentin A Gubitchev married in midalternoon Rep i Russian engineer Augustine B Kelley D Pa who is managing floor debate on the bill offered a motion to close the discussion at pm EDT It was defeated 201 to 119 Then nearly two hours later administration forces made their second bid to put a lid on debate That also was defeated and Demo cratic leaders immediately began the sum of their adjustments is I debating a possible change in their depression Have we reason to be I strategy in an effort to woo new afraid of such an epidemic Re cently an economic advisory serv ice opened with these words Dont invest in anything now Hold onto every dollar you have If enough people thus hoard their dollar income their action will fores depression support Just before quitting for the week end the house adopted an amend ment to the Wood bill which would require an investigation by gov ernment attorneys before the chief executive could apply for injunc Arrested Together Miss Coplon and Gubitchev now suspended employe of the United Nations were arrested together in New York last March 4 Mrs Rosson took over JVtiss Cop Ions duties A few weeks later she said Miss Coplori who had been transferred to another branch asked her fcr the reports on foreign embassies legations and consulates Mrs Rosson who was new in the department said she gave her 50 or 60 Miss Coplon is accused of steal ing topsecret government docu ments for transmission to Russia Her attorney has said she was in foreign relationscommittee wound up the first weeks hearings on the 12nation Atlantic treaty which if ratified by the senate will bind the United States and Canada to a 20year mutualaid alliance with 10 countries of west ern Europe Harriman the No 2 man in the European Recovery program told the senators that while nothing antcrlere with that eco aid he believes we should help our asso ciates in their own efforts to build up means to defend themselves That was a reference to the ad ministrations proposal to give At lantic pact members worth of military equipment to bolster their armed forces against any threat of aggression Watkins Questions Cost But Sen Arthur H Vandenburg of Michigan the Republican for eign policy leader hold Harriman he thought administration wit nesses were puttingtoo much stress on the arms program in con nection with the treaty One critic of the arms project Sen Arthur V Watkins R told a re Jorter he is sure the cost will be several times the total set for he first year bv the administraharm Senates Push On Savings Falters a Bit WASHINGTON April 29 The senates economy drive fal tered a bit Friday The appropriations committee defeated 13 to 4 a motion by Sen Homer Ferguson R Mich to hack 5 off a ap propriation for the treasury and post office departments Thursday an economy bloc op erating in the senate itself sent he 52396000000 laborfederal se urity appropriation bill back to he committee with instruction to ut it Will Try Again Sen Robt A Taft R hairman of senate Republican plcy committee said that if Fer rusons proposal is rejected on floor he will try to return the treasury post office bill to committee with similar instructions Due to a quirk in the rules it would take a twothirds majority to adopt Fergusons motion but only a simple majority to return the bill to committee The senate appropriations unit increased the bill above the totalapprcvsd by the houss Even so it was under Pres Harry S Trumans estimate I of needs Hire More Clerks Sen Burnet R Maybank D S a member of the commit tee said the addition al money was to hire more agents to check income tax returns and that the committee had beentold that each dollar so spent would yitd an additional in taxes Voting against Fergusonspro posal in the committee Friday were Sens McKellar D Hayden Thomas D QMaJi Russell D Gaj McCar ran D Chavez D N May bank D S Hill D Kilgore D W Robertson D Cordon R Ore and Young R J3 D West Reported Convinced Of Russians9 Sincerity NEW YORK April 29 talks between thfe United States and Russia over lifting the Berlin blockade were re ported Friday night to be proceeding satisfactorily One western source said the western powers now are con vinced there are no jokers in Russias terms for ending1 tha WORST ON RECORD Senators Vote To Tighten Spy Controls WASHINGTON April 29 UP senate judiciary subcommittee voted Friday to tighten up the espionage laws by giving the gov ernment authority to nab foreign agents before they can do any ii Jamming From East Stills Voice NEW YORK April29 Voice of America broadcasts to the Soviet union have encountered far and away the worst jam in their historyin theiast 36hoursT wasannounced Friday by Charles W Thayer chief of the State departments interna tional broadcasting division Despite a continuous around the clock broadcast to Russia begun impasse XJ Si Ambassador Philip C Jessup talked with Soviet Deputy Foreign Mirstsr Jakob A Malik for two and onehalf hours late Friday These facts emerged from au thoritative sources shortly after the conversations ended 1 The talks are going allright for both east and west The next move can come from either side but there is no hint what it will be No Documents 2 No written documents or commitments were exchanged but Malik confirmed the conditions on which Russia end the block ade These are for thewest to lift the counterblockade and for the four powers to agree on the date for a meeting of the council of foreign ministers on Berlin A western source said there are no other conditions 3 The situation has become Reich Police Rob British Of Livestock strong engineering monitors here have picked it up Efforts to shift fre quencies from time to time proved futile it was said As the jamming followed after aninterval of only 12seconds Wont Halt Programs TheVoice ofAmerica included in its broadcasts the announcement that it had no intention of halting the programs adding much clearer but exact details niust be worked out These involve the dates for lifting the blockade measures for convening the coun cil of foreign ministers and loir listing the specific topics to be taken up at the foreign ministers essioo 4 The twoway talks involving Dr Jessup and Malik maywiden to nipre formal fourpower ions here soon perhaps next week Jessup Jias kept Sir Alexander Cadogan of Britain and Jean Chauvel of France fully informed but one source said if is now about time for the four delegates to sit together Its buiJdings are sector and its grazing ll in Authorizes Jessup authorized the spokes man of the United States delega tion to the United Nationsto say merely that the discussions are proceeding satisfactorily THe spokesman said In that nothingelse has been au thorized for publication and that the talks are purelyinformal and exploratory Jessup called the state depart bequiet ment in Washington after talking with Malik saw Cadogan and BERLIN Aprili 29 UP 1 Armed Germanpolice from the Soviet sector Invaded the area ofrBeriin lateFriday Jobted a city farm of livestock and kidnaped three soldiers British authorities said Friday night The German in an ap parently carefully planned raid invaded the British sector armed with submachine guns v vl1 They swept ento the municipal ly 6wned Carolinian farm oned ite occupantsin f arm building and escaped with cattle horses pigs and rushedt lip from guard ppstsr to chaiierige them were dJaariasdaaa taken iritb the Soviet BriUshpfficias said ish troops to when the alarm was giveni rived too late This incident and Russian troops maintaiBid alv armed truce along the iariaand rtfielr io settle the hear whidh re suited when Soviet troops tried to stop British 1 The big police raided is situatedqrii the border of it era n government British a frequent vargumentr A BritisJirsppkBsmah rsaid German policemen descended on the farsifiocked its occupants in one of the buildings andwarned Somebody obviously considers Chauvel atCadOgans hotel in mid it dangerous to permit the SoManhattan and arranged to go to viet peopletorlisten to truthful Washington Friday night for a information from a tree radio Thayer reportedthat for the first time the voices medium wave station at Stuttgart Ger nany which is used to broadcast he Russian language programto Soviet zone of Germany has tion Watkins based his estimate on testimony Thursday by Secy of Defense Louis Johnson at least some of the arms the vlmfeci States sends to Europe will be valued down to between 10 arid 15 of the original cost Trying to Fooi People5 Theyre trying to fool the peo ple Watkins said when they give a cutprice like that 51130 000000 as the actual cost The Utah senator asked Harri man if the people of Europe feel this country will be bound to send arms if the Atlantic treaty ia rati I At the same time the senators been Cammed since Wednesday began considering a series of pro Repeat Transcriptions reportSaturday to Secyof State Dean Acheson The reaction of the American spokesman was in U N circles as a sign the east and west are moving slowly and with great care toward an agreement posals for clamping new curbs on American Communists As the hearings opened Chair man James O Eastland D warned that witnesses re fusing to ssy whether thev are or ever were Communists may be prosecuted for contempt of con gress Soviet Building1 Jessup talkedwith Malik in th To cope with the problem tranj Soviet delegation building at 68 scriptipns are being repeated at the Park aye He entered the buildiri First Witness fied To this Harriman replied that Europeans have hopes we will give them arms I am wondering Watkins said what they think we agreedto do hen added The American people ought to know what they will be let in for Truman by Fault of Congress Wont Get Today WASHINGTON April 29 UP Harry S Truman wont get his S12500 April pay check on schedule Saturday and its all the fault of congress the annuity not for his service The lawmakers raised Mr Tru as president but for his 30 years mans salary in January to 5100 service as a colonel in the U S tions in national welfare strikes Gubitchev Picture of Miss Coplon and mother page Start of Suspicion Foley head of the departments foreign agents registration section indicated that he first suspected Miss Copion of espionage last Jan uary when he heard of her connec retirement pension of a j tion with Gubitchev month when he leaves the White He testified that until then he House The unorncial magazine had been on the best of terms with her But he said that in Jan for uary or February he made an oral by this treaty High Court Holds Varga Must Die for 000 a year plus a 590000 taxfree expense account But thus far they have neglected to appropriate the money The April check ordinarily would be due at the White House no later than Saturday the last day of the month However theres only in the presidential pay army artillery reserve corps the magazine said Retirement pay for members of the civilian components of the armed forces who serve a minimum of 20 years was established by a bill which Mr Truman himself signed into law last year As iong as he is president Mr I Hl IVLi f 13 roll fund with no chance for con1 Truman is ineligible for the pen her ress o complaint against her because she allegedly tried to get a look at all secret reports onRussian spy ing and counterespionage in the United States Foley testified that on the morn ing of her arrest he gave her a planted FBI report The gov ernment claims this report was the basis of a handwritten memo randum found in her purse by FBI agents when they arrested gress to add more this month j sion A long standing federal law Foley said that Miss Conlon smcc its not in session Saturday I prohibits government officials asked three times to see a But the chief executives fiscal prospecte are not all bad For in from drawing more than a on Russian agenU in eain d Frida7 that the president can draw a lifetime yeain dual compensation from H the treasury Mr Truman Art ta e reasury r ruman already hr it old suffnot to worrv gets a year as president about it not to worry CARSON CITY Nev April 29 F The Nevada supreme court Friday upheld the murder conviction of a 19yearold di vinity student in the brutal rape slaying of a young ministers wife The high court ordered the Elkp district court to issue an execution warrant to carry out the death sentence imposed upon Laszio Varga Varga a Hungarian war ref ugee was convicted of the muti lation slaying of Mrs Billee Rahe Morning 22 at Wells Nev March 22 1948 Mrs Morning was the wife of Rev Richard Morning who was then pastor of the Presbyterian church at WellsMore recently he has been pastor of the Com Presbyterian church at Delhi Cal sen Karl E Mundt R S the first witness the need for antiCommunist legislation was underscored by the Alger Hiss Whittaker Chambers pumpkin papers spy case He said Hiss a former state de partment policy maker was indicted for perjury instead of his alleged Communist activities be cause there was no law to cover his case Hiss is facing trial in New York on charges that he lied when he denied he gave Chambers government secrets for Russia Mundt is coauthor of a measure similar to the MundtNixon Com munistcontrol bill which died in the senate last year after passing the house It would require of ficials of the Communist party and its fronts to register with the Justice department Sen Homer Ferguson R also has a similar bill be fore the subcommittee Orijfinal Testimony Subcomittee members said the antiespionage bill approved Friday would have applied to Chambers and Mrs Elizabeth T Bentley whose original set off the entire Red spy investigation last year Both have admitted transmitting secrets to the Krem lin The bill which may be consid ered by the full judiciary commit tee on Monday would permit prosecution of spies as long as 10 years after theactual espionage close of the regular transmissions Also every available transmitter is being used in an effort to get through Engineering reports in dicated that the intense jamming which began last Sunday had blanked out both regular and relay transmitters Use SO Transmitters Radio director finder bearings indicated that the jamming had originated in the Minsk and Kha barovsk areas of the Soviet Union and that at least 50 transmitters were being used forthe jamming occurred The three years present limit is Attorney General Tom C Clark has asked congress to erase the limit completely but the senators said that went too far The bill provides fines and jail terms ranging up to and 10 years upon conviction j at pm pm EST an left it at pm pm I He was smiling when he ehtere and smiling when he departed He declined to make any com ments saying any informatio would come from a briefing whip might beheld at the U S delega tion office at i Park ave Th briefing produced the bare state meiit that the talks are proceedin satisfactorily Steering Committee Fridays meeting was schedulec jade This ismore than the total numj after Malik telephoned Jessup Fri berof transmitters used by the I dav morning and proposed tha Voice of America in all its operI they get fifth o ations from Munich to Manila I their series of talks on the block Thayer said Engineers said that better an tennas and more powerful trans mitters apparently had been put into jamming service including a type not used previously against the broadcasts During a meetingof the steering committee of the U N assembly at Flushing Meadow park Friday Malik suddenly urged that the as sembly set a deadline pm May 18 to complete its work OPERATION ROWBOAT Armada of Curious Sights Princess in Bathing Suit CAPRI April 29 bat tling rowboat armada of tourists newsmen and photographers dis covered Friday that Britains Princess Margaret wears a modest onepiece bathing suit Their Information did not come easily trast to the abbreviated Bikini numbers so popular on Capris beaches Margaret watched with concern as the sea battle progressed Fear ing the worst she and her party hopped into a rowboat rowed to a privateviaunch arid raced away in search of nipre privacy They obtained it despite Italian I Landbased tourists earlierFri Dolice launches which tried to day afternoon were treated to a shpo them from a private beach where the 18yearold princess ap peared for a swim and a sunbath The armada failed to gain a jeachhead But it was rewarded with a fairly close glimpse of the slim princess in a light blue woolen bathing suit She had a white owel around her neck The suit was in marked con view of the princess in a blue silk flowerpatterned frock her first change of dress since shearrived in Italy She changed shortly after arriving at the villa of Italian au thor Edwin Cerio She had worn the gray dress tot three days Newspapers speculated in print whether she hadonly pne dress illas have driven into kashing and cut the rail line from Hangchow Friday V Hankchpw a 100 miles southof Shanghaimay aiV ready have fallen A blackout of communications from Hangchow prevented confirmation ings capture and tionslist garrison r coihinuniques herei were rQnningfrom18 to24 hours behind Would rForge Capture of ther Communists would complete ring of steel arpiind ting Chinas largest metropolis offi from south China in time for the Red celebrationof May day day The last W ths city Friday nightsaidgovernment troops already were being with drawn across the Tsientang river The towns of Wukiangv3S miles northwest i of Techin 25 miles the north were abandoned to Communist Gfuerillas lateFriday according to he last telephone report The radio triumph iiilly announced that the major part of seven government armies were beingiCUt to pieces ina trap by the peoples liberation army between Nanking and Hangi chow 40000 Captured The broadcastclaimed the ure of over 40000 troops in the area It said the seven armies dentified as the 51st 4th 2Sth 9th 45th 66th and 20th had been utatripped in a racedownthe Highway imd utoff by Communist forces Meantime on the front directiy bove Shanghai the Reds re maneuvering the northern arin S their giant pincers around the ity Quinsan an anchor of the hanghai defense line was unof cially reported to have falien The exact position of the Com munists on the Shanghai front ould not b pinpointed byo arrisoh feut fficials said they Juinsan was in Communist morning   

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