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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 28, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Generally fair Thursday litiie change in temperature Details on Page 29 VOL 159 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH THURSDAY MORNING APRIL 28 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS The president of Standard Oil Co of California parent company of Salt Lake RefiningCo sees the new Salt Lake plant He is T S Petersen Coplon Diary Airs Futile Try for Data WASHINGTON April 27 UP Granville FBI super visor in the New York City area testified by affidavit Wednesday that his agents found in Judith Coplons purse a paper tellingof her futile efforts to obtain a secret U S government report on Rus sian spies Granville filed the affidavit with the federal district court as the basis for Miss Coplons arrest in New York March 4 along with Valentin Gubitchev Russian em ploye of the U N also accused of espionage Charge Secrets Tbpft center C E Fihney Jr left president of Salt Lake Hefiainj and F C Eastman district man ager for Standard of California point out sights S L PLANT ENLARGEMENT Standard Oil Announces 10 Million Expansion By WELL LINDIJEY Tribune Business Editor Plans to boost its Utah invest ment to by immediate undertaking of a 10000000 ex pansion program weredisclosed Wednesday by the Salt Lake Re fining Co New equipment to beinstalled at the North Salt Lake plant of the company will include catalytic cracking storage loading and other facilities for increased pro duction of gasolines Diesel fuels and other products Announcement of the expansion ivas made by T S Petersen Utah born president of Standard Oil expected to be completed by the end of 1950 Design work now is under way However installation of new tankage as part of the ex pansion program Sprbbably will startina fewweeks Existing facilities consist prin cipally of a crude oil distillation unit in two stages an atmospheric column and a vacuum tower These units will be used to turn out feed stocks for the cat cracker thereby greatly increas ing output of Diesel fuels and high octane gasoline Faith in Future Mr Petersen disclosed the forth coming expansion at a news con Co cf California parent company and by C E Finney Jr president ference and a short time later of Salt Lake Refininsr Co made plans known The new cracking facilities are Miss Coplon petite 27yearold former justice department analyst j is being tried here on charges of i stealing secret government docu g HI 311 ments for transmission to Russia i A X She and Gubitchev will be tried later in New York In his statement Granville sa Miss Coplons purse contained a Unruly Out memorandum which he described as a statement of her efforts to obtain a top secret of the F B I The affidavit quoted the follow ing as the exact language of the memorandum I have not been able and I dont think I will to get the top secret FBI report which I described to Michael on Soviet and Communist intelligence activ ities in the U S Asks for Report When the moment was favor able 1 asked Foley where the re WASHINGTON April 27 UP Harry S Truman and his top political aids agreed Wednes day to deny federal patronage to Democrats who consistently op pose his program The president discussed the sub ject in a 50minute White House conference with senate and house leaders and the heads of the pa tronagedispensing Democratic na tional committee Sen J Howard McGrath D R committee chairman said they concluded that when federal jobs are being awarded the test businessmen and to some 200 civic officials port was hed previously re is one of party loyalty marked that hed had such a re He said it did not mean that he said that some departI patronage will be dispensed on the basis of votes in congress on mental official had it and he didnt expect to get it back Foley remarked there who attended a dedicatory dinner at the refinery marking comple tion of the first phase of construc tion Standards faith in the future of the intermountain region is exemplified by the fact that this new program will bring the invest ment of the company and its sub sidiaries in the Salt Lake area to more than Mr Peter sen said He said present plans are for the refinery to continue to use crude oil from the Rangely Colo field and perhaps later it wil handle some Utah crude too To Purchase Locally Whenever possibleall ma erials will be purchased and con iracts awarded locally Mr Pe ersen said The new unit will be able to process feed stocks produced from 24000 bbls of crude daily About 15000 bbls daily currently are be inghandled This is a natural development Reds Advance To Cut Last Shanghai Link Drives Menace Route Of Escape Force Skirts Lake Attacks SHANGHAI China Thursday April 28 Commu nist armies were reported ad vancing Thursday in a two pronged drive apparently aimed at cutting the vital Shanghai i Hangchow railway the last rail I Jink from this metropolis to tha i south One Red column had moved down the west shore of Lake Tai was reported attacking Wuhsing 40 miles north of Hangchow the great rail and port city of south China Drive Toward Soochow A second column was reported driving down from captured Soo chow on the east side of the lake on the heels of Nationalist soldiers retreatingtoward Hashing an im portant rail hub on the Hansr ehowShanghai railway Telephone reports from Kashlng said that Nationalist troops had evacuated Wuchiang eight miles south of Soochow and pulled back to Pingwang only 10 miles west of Kashing A small town on the outskirts of Kashing was attacked during the night by Com munist guerillas it was reported The news blackout on opera tions in the KiukangAnking Wuhu area continued Escape Feared Cut There were grave fears that an explosion on the CantonHan kow railway may have cut the escape route of 350000 Nation alist troops in central China Reports indicated that the troops under Hankow commander Gen Pai Chunghsi are threatened with encirclement by the Com munists The development was reported from Canton as Generalissimo 2hiang Kaishek called upon China o resist the dark and brutal Eorees of the Communists who are attempting to make China a mili tary base for world domination Face Red Entrapment Pais troops now withdrawn across the river from Hankow In ace of a Redidrive from Acheson Says Pact Okeh Would Imply Arms Aid U S Asks Exact Stand Of Soviets on Berlin NEW YORK April 27 Philip C Jessup asked the Russians Wednesday to tell the western powers exactly what are their terms for lifting the Berlin blockade The Russians then started work on their answer When it Curtis E Calder Ive not accepted the secretaryship drive south before the Communists working with local guerillas move some 85 miles west from their Yangtze river crossingpoints The Canton dispatch said a car oad of ammunition or gasoline aboard a north bound train blew up two days ago near Chuanhsien bout 200 miles below Changsha vhere Pai was believed preparing o make a stand before falling back See Page 2 Column 5 H the Truman program He said the I said Mr Petersen was testwould be the record of an inj He explained that with growing nothing new in it When I saw j dividual applying for a federal the report for a rainutc I breezed through it rapidly remembering very little It was about 115 pages in length summarized first Soviet job rather than the customary recommendation from an admin istration congressman dieselization of western railroads we want to be in the best pos sible position to serve them at this See Page 6 Column 5 Silvermaster et al I It had heading on Soviet U N delegation but that was all I re member The rest of the report I think was on Polish Yugo etc activities and possibly some info on the C P Communist party USA Extracts From Reports Solon Tells House Members Of Threats9 on TH Vote WASHINGTON April 27 UP Rep Thomas H Werde R told the house Wednesday he had been informed a committee of CIO members was calling con Granvnlle s aftidavit said Miss j gressmen outside and telling them Coplons purse aiso contained more I to vote for repeal of the Taft than 30 sheets or pipsr Hartley labor else extracts from F B I reports The Californian said he had not latingto security matters approached himseii but he and to suspected espionage agents told his colleagues cal strikes a CIO spokesman Shanghai Loss eeds Fear OfPanic5Ruin SHANGHAI April 27 Fear increased Wednesday that Shanghai would collapse like a rotten pumpkin with subsequent rjots and civil disturbances The general exodus was intensified The alternative appeared to be a negotiated local peace settle ment and the Communist under ground was encouraging this by distributing its longb a n n e d Shanghai News Letter The informed consensus in Shanghai was that the Red flag would be flying over this richest city in the orient within one to three weeks but few believed the city would be captured in a frontal attack Calder Denies Hfe Accepts RoyallVPost WASHINGTON April 27 The administration wants to make utility executive Curtis E Calder secretary of the army but he said Wednesday he has not committed himself to accept the appoint ment The word of his selection was flat definite authoritative Secy of Defense Louis A John son a strong backer of Calder for the job conferred at the White House with Pres Harry S Tru man about noon Reporters there were informed without reservation that Calder was that he would take over the secretaryship in 60 days Hours later Calder who is chairman of Electric Bond and Share Co telephoned the Asso ciated Press in New York He said I have not accepted the secre taryship of the army today or ac cepted it for GO days from now He had no further comment ex cept to say that his first knowl edge of the report was when he read it in the newspapers It was widely known that John son has been backing Calder for the post Further Mr Truman has will come is anybodys guess That sums up the formal and informal reports on a 92rninute meeting Wednesday between Jes sup and two Soviet deputy foreign ministers Andrei A Gromyko and Jakob A Malik The conversations were held un der unusual secrecy on the second floor of the ornately furnished Russian delegation offices on up per Park ave Seeks Precise Views At the end of the talk which extended through lunch time Jessup left a written communica tion with Gromyko and Malik Informed quarters said the com munication was intended to draw from the Soviet government its precise views on what can be done about the blockade and to put the whole talks on a formal basis Jessup had nothing to say when he left the meeting except to tell waiting reporters Im just as hungry as you are The talks Ten from to pm EDT Diplomatic sources described I JessuP message variously dur I ing the day as 11 note a commu nication and a written memo randum Not Usual Note An American delegation spokes man explained that it was not a note in the usual diplomatic sense He said usually at this stage in negotiations the ambas sador reads a preparedstatement and then leaves a copy on the table when he departs Jessup drove up to the Russian headquarters alone in a State de partment ilimouslrie The iron grilled door otthe Russian head quarters cldsed ahdhothing more was heard until he emerged still alone and drove to U S head quarters at 2 Park ave Avfew minutes later Gromvko left for a United Nations com rcittee meeting at Lake Success He had nothingto say Malik stayed inside the Russian suilding where he livss A re jorter sent a note to hiniafter the meeting asking May we have See Pago5f Columns Blockade End NeaiyU S Official Says Urges Speedup of Program To Halt Ross Aggression WASHINGTON April 27 of State Dean G Acheson said Wednesday that both the North Atlantic defense pact and shipments of U S arms to its members are needed to protect western Europe iroa tile aggressive designs of Soviet Russia and her fifth columns Testifying as the senate foreign relations committee opened hearings on the historic 12na tion pact signed here April 4 he called for full speed ahead on cold war preparedness moves re gardless of recent Soviet peace feelers His blunt indictment of Russian pressure and penetration made it plain that current big power talks about lifting the Berlin blockade will not bv themselves put an end to international ten sion and threats to peace Urges Arms Aid Acheson urged the committee to consider the pact and the arms program separately and on their own merits But he said frankly that if the senate ratifies the anti Communist treaty this country will be morally bound to give some sort of military help to its allies He emphasized however that congress would not be obligated to approve the program which the administration proposed last week to help pact members build their defenses Committee Chairman Tom Con nally D Tex and Sen Arthur H Vandenberg R Midi ques tioned Acheson closely on the re lation between the pact and arms program A number of senators including RobertA Taft RO have indicated they favor the pact but oppose arms shipments Treaty Binds TJ S Acheson replied that article m of the treaty binds the United States to the principle of helping other members become militarily strong enough to resist aggres sion but ng manner and extent of this helpjp to this country Thus heisaid conscientiously vote tojratffy tb pact and thes against a specificarms if A uthentic Lincoln Address Copy Brings NEW YORK April 27 UP copy of the Gettysburg ad dress written signed and dated by Abraham Lincoln himself was sold at auction Wednesday night for Oscar B Cintas Havana Cuba a retired businessman was the successful bidder He said he planned to keep the his toric document for some time and then give it to an Ameri can institution Bidding on the document one of five copies made by Lincoln started at jumped to and then went thousands to the final bid David Kirschenbaum New York dealer was the under bidder at LaPayette college of Pennsyl vania bid Experts however had esti mated that the copy sold might bring 5100000 which would have set a new record Demo Alleges Utah Solon By DREW BERLIN April 27 A high United States official predicted Wednesday that the Soviet block ade of Berlin would be lifted in the next three or four days Hia prediction was accompanied by reports from German sources in the Soviet zone of occupation shown an inclination to let the new c defense secretary choose the key that tte Soviet mUltary men on the whole defense team tration and the leaders of the So Red Flag Seen The Red flag already re ported in the vicinity of Woosung garrison four miles down the Whangpoo Whangpoo river empties where into the the Yangtze Its appearance was be lieved to have speeded up evacua tion by the American and British navies j Whatever the citys fate two conclusions seem the EuropeanAmerican colony will suffer most as targets for the The army secretaryship became officially vacant Wednesday when Kenneth C Royall stepped out to become a member of a New York law firm A 19gun salute boomed out as he left the custo cialist Unity Communist party are making necessary technical arrangements for the resumption of interzonal traffic At Same Volume WASHINGTON April 27 UP Chairman Tom Connally D Tex clashed angrily Wednesday with two Republican senators who sat in with his senate foreign relations committee to question Secy of State Dean G Acheson sbout the North Atlantic pact He accused Sens ForrestC Donnell R Mo and Arthur V Watkins R Utah of trying to impede obstruct delay hinder and filibuster the committees consideration of the treaty Both sharply denied the charge and said they deeply resented Connallys remarks Later Apologized Connally later apologized and withdrew his accusations Donnell his voice quiveringwith anger said that he had not come to the hearing to obstruct or fili buster Watkins said he had not made up his mind on the pact and that as a former judge he did not plan to do so until he heard all the pros and cons Donnell and Watkins who are not members of the committee de manded last month that they be permitted to sit in on the pact hearings and question witnesses Limited Questions Connally never replied for White House reporters were told i that Gordon Gray now assistant secretary of the army would be promoted to undersecretary and would act as head of the depart ment until the vacancy was filled commented He told reporters the I Reds rallying cry against dollar unions various in the United As a member of the house that Granville and two other F B I disturbs me agents T Scott Miller and Ed Werdels statement came short vard F McCarthy testified ly after Rep Arthur G Klein D throughout the day in connection with a defense motion to recover the contents of Miss Coplons purse The jury was sent out of the room during their testimony The agents said they trailed Miss Coplon about New York City N drew startled looks from the lawmakers with a proposal that American labor stage a one day nationwide work stoppage as a demonstration of solidarity against the TaftHartley act Republicans roundly denounced on several occasions hut did notiKlein for advancing the idea nee her hand any government papi The suggestion also met a cool era to Gubitchev They said that i reception at CIO headquarters at times as many us five FBIhere i We are not in favor of politi mcn were on her trail unions various contracts around the country would not permit auch a walkout Klein said he had telegraphed his proposal to AFL Pres Wil liam Green CIO Pres Philip Murray Harvey Brown president of the machinists and A F Whit ney president of the trainmen Rep Walter R Brehm R exclaimed on the house floor Thank God these labor leaders are more stable than the gentle man who sent the telegram Rep Donald L OToole D N shouted amid Republican applause that the labor leaders should not be held responsible for the mouthings of any congress ittfj And Rep Richard M Nixon R gram to the lawmakers begged the house members to vote their imperialism And two the citys millions or Chinese probably will be affected little one way or an other provided they keep out of the way of battling armies Fate of Shanghai Meantime toere was conjecture about the official nationalist peace negotiators who have not returned to Nanking or Shanghai Many here thought they might be negotiating Shanghais fate now that the peace talks have come to an abrupt halt Gen Tang Enpos Shanghai garrison however gave increas ing evidence that it would make a spirited defense of the city if it has an external enemy to combat after reading Kleins teleHis troops stripped to the waist practice grenade throwing within view of the United Press bureau honest convictions regardless of windows as this dispatch is writ threats of reprisal i ten Postman Eases Aching Feet In L A Bastille LOS ANGELES April 27 one postman who didnt ring twice His trouble is he didnt ring at all Postman William E Lilley Jr 45 arraigned Wednesday before U S Commissioner Howard V Calverley on a charge of delay ing and detention of mail ex plained he suffered from the mail mans occupational disease sore feet I would just get tired and take some of the letters home he added I never opened any and I fully intended to deliver them in the due course of time In lieu of bail Lilley was sent to jail to rest his ach ing arches Inspectors said they found nearly 5000 unopened letters in Lilleys apartment Many ap parently contained checks or bills ministration announced Wednes day according to these sources that freight traffic on the rail road between Berlin and the west ern zones can beresumed at the mally to their request but an nounced recently that he would allow them to attend the hearings and ask a limited number of ques tions The two GOP senators showed up late for the first hearing Wednesday and complained they had not been invited until a com mittee clerk telephoned them a same volume that was carried be1 few minutes before the session fore the blockade was imposed It was learned authoritatively Wednesday that Wilhoim Pieck Otto Grotewohl Walter Ulbricht and Franz Dahlem four chieftains of the Socialist Unity party were summoned to Russian headquar ters at Karishorst Tuesday Told ot Plan At this meeting according to reliable sources the Communist leaders were informed that the blockade is to be lifted uir task they were tolu is to prepare the party and its follow ers m the Soviet zone for action which will represent a Russian withdrawal but tfhich must be pre sented to the Communists as a contribution to the cause of peace ChangingTactics Symbolizing the changing Soviet tactics in Berlin was an incident in the British Hector Early Wednesday Russian officers took over control of three canal locks instructing the lock keepers that no traffic not registered with the Soviet authorities was to pass The British immediately pro tested and the Russians ordered free passage to nil craft Copyright by N X limit began ie honestly felt that this coun try could not afford the program or 2 that the arms shipments ere not necessary But he tressed that if you ratify the lact it cannot be said that there s no obligation to help Connally Disagrees Connally disagreed He said he oes not believe a vote foj yje act carries any commitment or bligation as to arms Vandenbergalso said he is not tire I can subscribe to Aehe ona interpretation Sen Henry Cabot Lodge Jr R dass asked Acheson directlv hether he thought the pact hould be ratified even if Russia if ts the Berlin blockade He replied with an emphatic es and added We should go ahead calmly aid not be influenced by various offensives or wars of nerves Opposes Domestic Cut In response to other Acheson also said He opposes cutting dOKsstio spending to meet the cost of the foreign military aid as some congressmen have suggested That would not be sound he said because were doingabout as lit tie as we safely can There are no further arrange ments such as a Pacific pact or a Mediterranean pact under con templation at the present time There are absolutely no plans to send U S troops as well as arms to bolster the peacetime defenses of western Europeanna tions After the questioning the com mittee recessed the hearing until am Thursdav HAS CAKE EATS IT TOO India Wins Independence Retains Rights of Empire LONDON Thursday April 281 press proclaimed in its banner Thursday won a clipj headline Thursday India Is In iomatic right to without forfeiting her membership in the British Commpnwealth A communique issued at the end of the weeklong Common wealth conference announced that India was to have an entirely new status as a republican member of the worldwide federation of na tions India is expected to declare her independence this August follow ing the lead of such nations as the United States which fought for freedom from the British system and Ireland which voted Itself out But India is to have her cake and eat it too As the Daily Ex But Indias victory is by no means onesided The new decision also represents a gain for the Commonwealth which will be able to retain one of its largest wealth iest members communique provides that India shall become a sovereign independent republic but that the government of India have declared and affirmed Indias desire to continue her full mem bership of the Commonwealth of nations The governments of the other countries of the Commonwealth accept and recognize Indias continuing membership in accord ance with this declaration the announcement added Y
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